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International Journal of Prisoner Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548020/probation-s-role-in-offender-mental-health
#1
Coral Sirdifield, Sara Owen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how the role in offender mental health for the probation service described in policy translates into practice through exploring staff and offenders' perceptions of this role in one probation trust. In particular, to examine barriers to staff performing their role and ways of overcoming them. Design/methodology/approach Qualitative secondary analysis of data from semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 11 probation staff and nine offenders using the constant comparative method...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548019/patterns-of-older-and-younger-prisoners-primary-healthcare-utilization-in-switzerland
#2
Tenzin Wangmo, Sirin Hauri, Andrea H Meyer, Bernice S Elger
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify primary health concerns prompting older and younger prisoners in Switzerland to consult a nurse or a general practitioner (GP) within the prison healthcare setting, and explores if these reasons for visits differ by age group (49 years and younger vs 50 years and older). The authors used 50 years and older as the benchmark for older prisoners in light of literature indicating accelerated aging among prisoners. Design/methodology/approach Retrospective information from medical records of 406 prisoners were collected for a period of six months...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548018/relationships-of-illness-representation-diabetes-knowledge-and-self-care-behaviour-to-glycemic-control-in-incarcerated-persons-with-diabetes
#3
Louise A Reagan, Stephen J Walsh, Deborah Shelton
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine relationships of self-care behavior, illness representation and diabetes knowledge with A1C (level of glycemic control) in 124 incarcerated persons. Design/methodology/approach Using a cross-sectional design, summary scores and items from the self-care inventory revised, brief illness perception questionnaire and the spoken knowledge for low literacy in diabetes were evaluated using linear regression to assess their relationship to A1C. Findings Metabolic control was suboptimal for the majority of inmates with diabetes...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548017/hiv-outcomes-at-a-canadian-remand-centre
#4
Yazhini Subramanian, Muhammad Naeem Khan, Sara Berger, Michelle Foisy, Ameeta Singh, Dan Woods, Diane Pyne, Rabia Ahmed
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of short-term incarceration on antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, virologic suppression, and engagement and retention in community care post-release. Design/methodology/approach A retrospective chart review of patients who attended the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Outreach Clinic at a Canadian remand center between September 2007 and December 2011 was carried out. Data extraction included CD4 lymphocyte count, HIV viral load, ART prescription refills, and community engagement and retention during and one-year pre- and post-incarceration...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548016/the-association-of-recent-incarceration-and-health-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-adults-receiving-care-in-the-united-states
#5
Muazzam Nasrullah, Emma Frazier, Jennifer Fagan, Felicia Hardnett, Jacek Skarbinski
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe factors associated with incarceration as well as the association between recent incarceration and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors, access to insurance, healthcare utilization (emergency department (ED) and hospital use), antiretroviral therapy (ART) prescription, and viral suppression. Design/methodology/approach Using 2009-2010 data from a cross-sectional, nationally representative three-stage sample of HIV-infected adults receiving care in the USA, the authors assessed the demographic characteristics, healthcare utilization, and clinical outcomes of HIV-infected persons who had been recently incarcerated (detention for>24 hours in the past year) using bivariate analyses...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548015/climbing-down-the-steps-from-the-ivory-tower-how-uk-academics-and-criminal-justice-practitioners-need-to-work-together-on-alcohol-studies
#6
Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Grant J McGeechan, Aisha Holloway
Purpose Evidence in the UK tells us that risky drinking is high amongst those in contact with the criminal justice system. The purpose of this paper is to explore the reasons why carrying out research around risky drinking in this setting is so difficult. Design/methodology/approach A commentary on the issues of carrying out research in the criminal justice setting. Findings There are issues of carrying out research in the criminal justice setting. The authors argue, that as academics we can be more proactive in working with practitioners in the design and carrying out of studies...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219909/deterioration-and-the-long-term-prisoner-a-descriptive-analysis-of-myra-hindley
#7
Mark Pettigrew
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore supposed inevitable personal decline for long-term prisoners, particularly those serving a sentence of life without parole. Design/methodology/approach - Using the prison records of a life without parole sentenced prisoner. Findings - Findings suggest that prisoner deterioration is not inevitable in a whole life prison sentence. Research limitations/implications - Findings are based on one account, of a female prisoner. Practical implications - Distinct services and support are required for those with a natural life prison sentence...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219908/varicella-zoster-virus-transmission-in-youth-during-incarceration
#8
Danusia Moreau, Jonathan Besney, Angela Jacobs, Dan Woods, Mark Joffe, Rabia Ahmed
Purpose - Facility-based Varicella zoster virus (VZV) transmission is reported in a Canadian youth offender correctional centre (YOCC). Transmission occurred from an immunocompetent youth offender (YO) with localized Herpes zoster to another immunocompetent single dose vaccinated YO, resulting in Varicella zoster (VZ) breakthrough disease. The purpose of this paper is to identify infection prevention and control (IPAC) measures utilized in this setting. Design/methodology/approach - A retrospective chart and immunization record review was conducted for two VZV cases and 27 exposed YO contacts in order to obtain demographic, clinical and immunization data...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219907/hepatitis-a-immunity-and-region-of-origin-in-a-swiss-prison
#9
Laurent Getaz, Alejandra Casillas, Sandrine Motamed, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Francois Chappuis, Hans Wolff
Purpose - The environmental and demographic characteristics of closed institutions, particularly prisons, precipitate morbidity during hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreaks. Given the high prevalence of chronic liver disease and other risk factors in the prison setting, the purpose of this paper is to examine HAV-immunity and its associated factors in this population. Design/methodology/approach - The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009: a serology screening for HAV IgG was carried out among 116 inmates in Switzerland's largest pre-trial prison...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219906/blood-borne-viral-co-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-inmates
#10
Emanuele Pontali, Nicoletta Bobbio, Marilena Zaccardi, Renato Urciuoli
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the prevalence of HBV and/or HCV co-infection among HIV-infected inmates entering the correctional facility. Design/methodology/approach - Prospective collection of data of HIV-infected inmates entered the institution over a ten-year period. Findings - During study period 365 consecutive different inmates were evaluated. HCV co-infection was observed in more than 80 per cent of the tested HIV-infected inmates, past HBV infection in 71.6 per cent and active HBV co-infection was detected in 7...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219905/trials-and-tribulations-of-conducting-bio-behavioral-surveys-in-prisons-implementation-science-and-lessons-from-ukraine
#11
Lyuba Azbel, Yevgeny Grishaev, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Olena Chernova, Sergey Dvoryak, Maxim Polonsky, Frederick L Altice
Purpose - Ukraine is home to Europe's worst HIV epidemic, overwhelmingly fueled by people who inject drugs who face harsh prison sentences. In Ukraine, HIV and other infectious diseases are concentrated in prisons, yet the magnitude of this problem had not been quantified. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the systematic health survey of prisoners in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Design/methodology/approach - Qualitative interviews were carried out with research and prison administrative staff to assess the barriers and facilitators to conducting a bio-behavioral survey in Ukrainian prisons...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219904/when-security-and-medicine-missions-conflict-confidentiality-in-prison-settings
#12
Scott A Allen, Raed Aburabi
Purpose - It is a simple fact that prisons cannot exist - practically, legally, ethically or morally - without the support of physicians and other health professionals. Access to adequate healthcare is one of the fundamental measures of the legitimacy of a jail or prison. At the same time, there is a fundamental tension in the missions of the prison and doctor. The primary mission of the prison is security and often punishment. Reform and rehabilitation have intermittently been stated goals of prisons in the last century, but in practice those humane goals have rarely governed prison administrative culture...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386598/editorial
#13
EDITORIAL
Morag MacDonald, Robert Greifinger, Scott A Allen, David Kane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933993/a-rapid-systematic-review-of-what-we-know-about-alcohol-use-disorders-and-brief-interventions-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#14
Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Ruth McGovern, Jennifer Birch, Gillian O'Neill, Hannah Kaner, Arun Sondhi, Kieran Lynch
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the evidence of alcohol use disorders within the different stages of the criminal justice system in the UK. Furthermore it reviewed the worldwide evidence of alcohol brief interventions in the various stages of the criminal justice system. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A rapid systematic review of publications was conducted from the year 2000 to 2014 regarding the prevalence of alcohol use disorders in the various stages of the criminal justice system...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933992/prisons-as-a-source-of-tuberculosis-in-russia
#15
Anya Sarang, Lucy Platt, Inna Vyshemirskaya, Tim Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to analyze poor management of tuberculosis (TB) prevention and treatment and explore parameters and causes of this problem drawing on qualitative interviews with former prisoners and medical specialists in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors undertook a qualitative study, to explore access to HIV and TB treatment for people who inject drugs in Kaliningrad. The authors interviewed (outside of prisons) 15 patients and eight health specialists using a semi-structured guide...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933991/self-harm-and-overcrowding-among-prisoners-in-geneva-switzerland
#16
Hans Wolff, Alejandra Casillas, Thomas Perneger, Patrick Heller, Diane Golay, Elisabeth Mouton, Patrick Bodenmann, Laurent Getaz
PURPOSE: Prison institutional conditions affect risk for self-harm among detainees. In particular, prison overcrowding may increase the likelihood of self-harm by creating competition for resources, space, and enhancing a "deprivation state." The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between overcrowding and prisoner acts of self-harm. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This cross-sectional study took place at Geneva's pre-trial prison (capacity:376) between 2006 and 2014...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933990/injecting-drug-use-sexual-risk-hiv-knowledge-and-harm-reduction-uptake-in-a-large-prison-in-bali-indonesia
#17
Anak Agung Sagung Sawitri, Anak Agung Gede Hartawan, Noel Craine, Ayu Kartika Sari, Ni Wayan Septarini, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe HIV-related risk behavior and knowledge of HIV among inmates of Kerobokan prison Bali, Indonesia. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A cross-sectional survey of inmates of using a structured questionnaire and sample framework to reflect narcotic use among inmates and the prison gender mix. FINDINGS: Among 230 inmates recruited to the study self-reported prevalence of injecting drug use was 7.4 percent (95 percent CI 4...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933989/routine-or-targeted-hiv-screening-of-indonesian-prisoners
#18
Erni Juwita Nelwan, Ahmad Isa, Bachti Alisjahbana, Nurlita Triani, Iqbal Djamaris, Ilham Djaja, Herdiman T Pohan, Prisca Zwanikken, Reinout van Crevel, Andre van der Ven, Andre Meheus
PURPOSE: Routine HIV screening of prisoners is generally recommended, but rarely implemented in low-resource settings. Targeted screening can be used as an alternative. Both strategies may provide an opportunity to start HIV treatment but no formal comparisons have been done of these two strategies. The paper aims to discuss these issues. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors compared yield and costs of routine and targeted screening in a narcotic prison in Indonesia...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933988/hepatitis-c-in-australian-prisons-a-national-needs-assessment
#19
Michael Mokhlis Mina, Lilie Herawati, Tony Butler, Andrew Lloyd
PURPOSE: Hepatitis C (HCV) infections are prevalent in custodial settings worldwide, yet provision of antiviral therapies is uncommon. Approximately 30,000 prisoners are held in Australian prisons at any one time, with more than 30 per cent testing positive for HCV antibodies. Prisoners have been identified in the National Hepatitis C Strategy as a priority population for assessment and treatment. The purpose of this paper is to examine the rates of HCV testing and treatment, as well as barriers and opportunities for development of infrastructure for enhanced services...
2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26495519/asserting-control-a-cautionary-tale
#20
Scott A Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: International Journal of Prisoner Health
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