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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936883/taking-back-a-little-of-what-you-have-lost-the-meaning-of-using-an-environmental-control-system-ecs-for-people-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Michele Verdonck, Maeve Nolan, Gill Chard
PURPOSE: Assistive technologies have deep and personal meanings for people with disabilities. This study sought to provide an in-depth exploration of the subjective meaning of Environmental Control System (ECS) use for people with high cervical spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore the personal meaning of ECS. In-depth interviews with five participants were analyzed according to recommended IPA guidelines to produce a rich phenomenological account of lived experience...
September 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920505/learning-to-use-a-rear-mounted-power-assist-for-manual-wheelchairs
#2
Bonita Sawatzky, W Ben Mortenson, Stephanie Wong
OBJECTIVES: 1) To investigate how much training manual wheelchair users perceive is required to learn to use a rear-mounted power assist safely and confidently. 2) To evaluate how the power assist affected wheelchair users' ability to negotiate a standardized obstacle course, wheelchair skills capacity and wheelchair mobility confidence. METHOD: This study used a pre- versus post-test intervention design. Outcome measures included a standardized obstacle course, and modified versions of the Wheelchair Skills Test 4...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920499/tactile-radar-experimenting-a-computer-game-with-visually-disabled
#3
Virgínia Kastrup, Alvaro Cassinelli, Paulo Quérette, Niklas Bergstrom, Eliana Sampaio
BACKGROUND: Visually disabled people increasingly use computers in everyday life, thanks to novel assistive technologies better tailored to their cognitive functioning. Like sighted people, many are interested in computer games - videogames and audio-games. Tactile-games are beginning to emerge. The Tactile Radar is a device through which a visually disabled person is able to detect distal obstacles. In this study, it is connected to a computer running a tactile-game. The game consists in finding and collecting randomly arranged coins in a virtual room...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903629/a-multidisciplinary-approach-for-developing-an-assessment-tool-for-touch-screen-devices
#4
Alexandra Danial-Saad, Lorenzo Chiari
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the processes of reaching consensus regarding the assessment of the user's skills required to operate various touch screen devices. A five-step procedure was used to collect and validate the required skills by a multidisciplinary team of 52 experts. Content validity was calculated to determine the agreement levels between the experts. A comparison was made between the discipline groups in order to test correlation between each group and their choice of specific clusters of tasks...
September 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891356/benefits-and-burdens-family-caregivers-experiences-of-assistive-technology-at-in-everyday-life-with-persons-with-young-onset-dementia-yod
#5
Torhild Holthe, Rita Jentoft, Cathrine Arntzen, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their family caregivers may benefit from assistive technology (AT), but knowledge is scarce about family carers' (FC) experiences and involvement in the use of AT in everyday life. AIM: To examine the FC roles and experiences with AT as means of supporting people with young onset-dementia (YOD). METHOD: Qualitative interview study with follow-up design. Repeated semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 FC of people with YOD, participating in an ongoing intervention study investigating the families' use and experiences of AT in everyday life...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889764/can-technology-assisted-toilets-improve-hygiene-and-independence-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-cohort-study
#6
David Yachnin, Hillel Finestone, Ami Chin, Jeffrey Jutai
PURPOSE: To investigate whether technology-assisted toilets (TATs) could be used to improve toileting hygiene and independence for geriatric rehabilitation patients. TATs are commercially available toilet seats that use a stream of warm water to clean the user, have a fan for drying and are operated by a remote control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five geriatric rehabilitation in-patients were recruited, six completed the study, and seven partially completed the study...
September 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880695/influences-on-students-assistive-technology-use-at-school-the-views-of-classroom-teachers-allied-health-professionals-students-with-cerebral-palsy-and-their-parents
#7
Petra Karlsson, Christine Johnston, Katrina Barker
PURPOSE: This study explored how classroom teachers, allied health professionals, students with cerebral palsy, and their parents view high-tech assistive technology service delivery in the classroom. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with six classroom teachers and six parents and their children were conducted. Additionally, two focus groups comprising 10 occupational therapists and six speech pathologists were carried out. Ethical and confidentiality considerations meant that the groups were not matched...
September 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875740/smart-device-environmental-control-systems-experiences-of-people-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries
#8
Bethany Hooper, Michele Verdonck, Delena Amsters, Michelle Myburg, Emily Allan
BACKGROUND: Environmental control systems (ECS) are devices that enable people with severe physical limitations to independently control household appliances. Recent advancements in the area of environmental control technology have led to the development of ECS that can be controlled through mainstream smart-devices. There is limited research on ECS within Australia and no known research addressing smart-device ECS. The current study sought to explore users' experiences with smart-device ECS within Australia...
September 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853621/does-power-mobility-training-impact-a-child-s-mastery-motivation-and-spectrum-of-eeg-activity-an-exploratory-project
#9
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Naomi J Aldrich, Samhita Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purposes of this exploratory project were: (1) to evaluate the impact of power mobility training with a child who has multiple, severe impairments and (2) to determine if the child's spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) activity changed during power mobility training. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject A-B-A-B research design was conducted with a four-week duration for each phase. Two target behaviours were explored: (1) mastery motivation assessed via the dimensions of mastery questionnaire (DMQ) and (2) EEG data collected under various conditions...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853616/low-cost-assistive-technology-to-support-educational-activities-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Alan Patricio da Silva, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Blanca Elena Guerrero Daboin, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Vagner Rogério Dos Santos, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
INTRODUCTION: The concept of assistive technology covers several areas of action; one of them is communication with the elaboration of accessible solutions to overcome daily difficulties. It contributes to the resumption of functional abilities, expanding and facilitating inclusion and independent living. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the usability of a low cost prototype device to support educational activities of adolescents with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A descriptive observational study...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845735/effect-of-diagnosis-body-site-and-experience-on-text-entry-rate-of-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#11
Heidi Horstmann Koester, Sajay Arthanat
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the research on computer text entry by people with physical disabilities, and conducted a quantitative synthesis of text entry rates associated with individuals' diagnosis, body site used with the interface and their level of experience. METHOD: We searched 10 databases and included studies in which: typing speed was reported; the access interface was available for public use; and individuals with physical impairments were in the study population...
August 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844167/epidemiological-study-of-failures-of-the-jaipur-foot
#12
Ian Huber, Kristine M Fischenich, Jakob Wolynski, Brent Niese, Rachel Teater, Harlal Singh Mali, Anil Kumar Jain, Sheryl Sorby, Lisa Abrams, Tammy L Haut Donahue
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of usage and demographics on damage to the Jaipur Foot prosthesis as well as the epidemiology and etiology of amputations performed at Santokba Durlabjhi Memorial Hospital (SDMH) in Jaipur, India. DESIGN: Total time spent standing, total time spent wearing and total distance walked were compared against severity and location of damage to the prosthesis. Time between initial fitting and follow-up visit for damaged prosthetic was also considered in this analysis...
August 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836873/adaptive-invention-independence-and-mobility-through-modifications
#13
Fatima Fanna Mairami, Pascale Allotey, Narelle Warren, Jun Shin Mak, Daniel Diamond Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of disability that limits everyday activities and reduces social participation. Provision of assistive devices helps to achieve independence and social inclusion. However, due to limited resources or a lack of suited objects for their needs, individuals with disabilities in low and middle income countries (LMIC) often do not have access to assistive devices. This has resulted in the creation of purpose built innovative solutions. Methodology and case content: This paper uses a single case derived from a larger ethnographic study of stroke survivors in rural Malaysia to demonstrate the role of assistive devices in shaping stroke recovery and how existing structures can be modified...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830267/google-home-smart-speaker-as-environmental-control-unit
#14
Kenichiro Noda
Environmental Control Units (ECU) are devices or a system that allows a person to control appliances in their home or work environment. Such system can be utilized by clients with physical and/or functional disability to enhance their ability to control their environment, to promote independence and improve their quality of life. Over the last several years, there have been an emergence of several inexpensive, commercially-available, voice activated smart speakers into the market such as Google Home and Amazon Echo...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830261/multiple-stakeholder-perceptions-of-assistive-technology-for-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-in-new-zealand
#15
Sarvnaz Taherian, Claire Davies
BACKGROUND: This study sought to gain an understanding of the experiences and perspectives of assistive technology from different stakeholders in technology adoption, in the New Zealand context. METHODS: A focus group was held with individuals with cerebral palsy (n = 5), service providers (n = 4), caregivers (n = 3) and a biomechanical engineer. The data recordings from the focus group were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Themes emerged around barriers imposed by the assessment process and training in assistive technology procedures, the influence of family members, the environment that assistive technology is used in, and psychosocial aspects of being able to participate and integrate into society...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812396/the-influence-of-lower-limb-prostheses-technology-on-paracanoeing-time-trial-performance
#16
Shelley Ellis, Andrew Callaway, Bryce Dyer
Within the Paracanoeing discipline, it is important to ensure that appropriate control is achieved by a paddler with a disability. However, this Paralympic Games discipline has seen very little attention to date. The aims of this study were to understand the kinematic impact to a paracanoeist when not utilizing the use of a prosthetic lower-limb. A kayaker with a uni-lateral transfemoral amputation completed several 200 m maximal efforts both with and without their prosthesis. When the prosthetic limb was removed, there were significant differences found in stroke rate, stroke speed, stroke length and overall power output...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#17
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792791/differences-in-outcomes-between-the-joybar-control-and-standard-wheelchair-joystick-control-on-two-maneuverability-tasks-a-pilot-study
#18
Emma M Smith, Danelle Fuller, Hina Mahmood, William C Miller
PURPOSE: To determine if older adult, novice wheelchair users who drive a power wheelchair with a JoyBar control complete maneuverability tasks in less time and with less error than those who drive a power wheelchair with a standard joystick control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel randomized controlled trial design conducted at a medical rehabilitation and research centre with ambulatory older adults aged 60 and above (n = 27). The intervention was the JoyBar alternative wheelchair control...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774211/electronic-assistive-technology-use-in-australian-shared-supported-accommodation-rates-and-user-characteristics
#19
Rebecca Jamwal, Libby Callaway, Louise Farnworth, Di Winkler
Electronic assistive technologies (EATs) are fast becoming considered an essential component of everyday life. To date, there has been little research on the use of EAT by people living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), one of the major community-based housing options for people with disability (PwD) in Australia. This study aimed to (1) audit current EAT use by PwD living in SSA, (2) describe the impact of Internet access on EAT use, and (3) examine potential relationships between individual characteristics and EAT use...
August 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768438/caregivers-experiences-with-the-selection-and-use-of-assistive-technology
#20
W Ben Mortenson, Alex Pysklywec, Marcus J Fuhrer, Jeffrey W Jutai, Michelle Plante, Louise Demers
Qualitative data from a mixed-methods clinical trial are used to examine caregivers' experiences with the selection and use of assistive technology to facilitate care recipients' independence. Through a thematic analysis of interviews from 27 caregivers, three broad themes were identified. "A partial peace of mind" described the generally positive psychological impacts from assistive technology, mainly reduced stress and a shift in caregiving labour from physical tasks to a monitoring role. "Working together" explored the caregivers' experiences of receiving assistive technology and the sense of collaboration felt by caregivers during the intervention process...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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