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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

Surona Visagie, Arne H Eide, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Alister Munthali, Mustafa Khogali, Gert van Rooy, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Malcolm MacLachlan
: Purpose statement: The article explores assistive technology sources, services and outcomes in South Africa, Namibia, Malawi and Sudan. METHODS: A survey was done in purposively selected sites of the study countries. Cluster sampling followed by random sampling served to identify 400-500 households (HHs) with members with disabilities per country. A HH questionnaire and individual questionnaire was completed. Country level analysis was limited to descriptive statistics...
November 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Ana Cristina de Jesus Alves, Thelma Simões Matsukura, Marcia J Scherer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment (ATD PA) for use in Brazil. METHOD: The selection of the Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment (ATD PA) was determined by previous literature reviews of articles published in 2014 and 2016 in six databases with the terms "assistive device" or "assistive technology" or "self-help device" combined with "evidence-based practice" or "framework" or "measurement scale" or "model and outcome assessment"...
November 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Vico Chung-Lim Chiang, King-Hung Lo, Kup-Sze Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of using a virtual rehabilitation system with intuitive user interface and force feedback to improve the skills in activities of daily living (ADL). METHOD: A virtual training system equipped with haptic devices was developed for the rehabilitation of three ADL tasks - door unlocking, water pouring and meat cutting. Twenty subjects with upper limb disabilities, supervised by two occupational therapists, received a four-session training using the system...
October 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell
PURPOSE: Youth with disabilities are under-represented in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) in school and in the workforce. One encouraging approach to engage youth's interest in STEM is through robotics; however, such programs are mostly for typically developing youth. The purpose of this study was to understand the development and implementation of an adapted robotics program for children and youth with disabilities and their experiences within it. METHOD: Our mixed methods pilot study (pre- and post-workshop surveys, observations, and interviews) involved 41 participants including: 18 youth (aged 6-13), 12 parents and 11 key informants...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Nina Lefeber, Eva Swinnen, Eric Kerckhofs
PURPOSE: The integration of sufficient cardiovascular stress into robot-assisted gait (RAG) training could combine the benefits of both RAG and aerobic training. The aim was to summarize literature data on the immediate effects of RAG compared to walking without robot-assistance on metabolic-, cardiorespiratory- and fatigue-related parameters. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for eligible articles till February 2016. Means, SDs and significance values were extracted...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Abby Eitzen, Marcia Finlayson, Leanne Carolan-Laing, Arthur Junn Nacionales, Christie Walker, Josephine O'Connor, Miho Asano, Susan Coote
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify potential items for an observational screening tool to assess safe, effective and appropriate walking aid use among people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Such a tool is needed because of the association between fall risk and mobility aid use in this population. METHODS: Four individuals with MS were videotaped using a one or two straight canes, crutches or a rollator in different settings. Seventeen health care professionals from Canada, Ireland and the United States were recruited, and viewed the videos, and were then interviewed about the use of the devices by the individuals in the videos...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Lotte N S Andreasen Struijk, Eugen R Lontis, Michael Gaihede, Hector A Caltenco, Morten Enemark Lund, Henrik Schioeler, Bo Bentsen
PURPOSE: Individuals with tetraplegia depend on alternative interfaces in order to control computers and other electronic equipment. Current interfaces are often limited in the number of available control commands, and may compromise the social identity of an individual due to their undesirable appearance. The purpose of this study was to implement an alternative computer interface, which was fully embedded into the oral cavity and which provided multiple control commands. METHODS: The development of a wireless, intraoral, inductive tongue computer was described...
September 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Aymeric Parant, Sandrine Schiano-Lomoriello, Francis Marchan
PURPOSE: It is widely accepted that social dimensions are crucial when facing a disability. More specifically, a normative incentive to conceal one's disability, which can lead to abandonment of assistive technology devices (ATD), is often reported. This study seeks to examine this norm. METHOD: The expected consequences of having a disability were measured using a sample of 549 able-bodied students from three groups. RESULTS: The results showed that the expected consequences of having a disability and therefore the descriptive norms associated with disability were less negative for the participants who were familiar with disability, but higher for sports students...
September 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Nicolas Robitaille, Philip L Jackson, Luc J Hébert, Catherine Mercier, Laurent J Bouyer, Shirley Fecteau, Carol L Richards, Bradford J McFadyen
PURPOSE: This proof of concept study tested the ability of a dual task walking protocol using a recently developed avatar-based virtual reality (VR) platform to detect differences between military personnel post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and healthy controls. METHODS: The VR platform coordinated motion capture, an interaction and rendering system, and a projection system to present first (participant-controlled) and third person avatars within the context of a specific military patrol scene...
September 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Thais Massetti, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Talita Dias da Silva, Isabela Lopes Trevizan, Claudia Arab, Fátima Aparecida Caromano, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
PURPOSE: To evaluate the methods and major outcomes of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with virtual reality (VR) therapy in randomized controlled trials. METHOD: A systematic review was performed following PRISMA guidelines using PubMed, PubMed Central, Web of Science and CAPES periodic databases, with no time restriction. The studies were screened for the following inclusion criteria: human subjects, combination of VR and tDCS methods, and randomized controlled study design...
September 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
David F Rusaw
PURPOSE: To validate outcome variables from the limits of stability protocol that are derived from the center of pressure with those same variables derived from the center of mass during rapid, volitional responses in transtibial prosthesis users. METHOD: Prosthesis users (n = 21) and matched controls (n = 21) executed movements while force and motion data were collected. Correlation coefficients were used to investigate relationships between center of pressure and center of mass for: x/y coordinates positions, limits of stability outcome variables and muscular reaction times...
September 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Anne Marie Dahler, Dorte Malig Rasmussen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to synthesize the available qualitative studies on the meaning of assistive technologies (AT) in elderly people's everyday lives in order to identify central concepts, themes, and findings from existing research. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, using predetermined search strategies. Exclusion criteria were, in accordance with the meta-interpretive approach, developed iteratively during the reading of abstracts and articles...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
G House, G Burdea, K Polistico, D Roll, J Kim, N Grampurohit, F Damiani, S Keeler, J Hundal, S Pollack
PURPOSE: To describe the novel BrightArm Duo bimanual upper extremity (UE) rehabilitation system; to determine its technology acceptance and clinical benefit for older hemiplegic participants. METHODS: The system table tilted to adjust arm gravity loading. Participants wore arm supports that sensed grasp strength and wrist position on the table. Wrist weights further increased shoulder exertion. Games were designed to improve UE strength, motor function, cognition and emotive state and adapted automatically to each participant...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Guillaume Thomann, Cécile Magnier, François Villeneuve, Richard Palluel-Germain
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to improve the design of an interface that may help disabled children to play a musical instrument. The main point is to integrate human motion capture in the design process. METHOD: The participant performed 20 pointing movements toward four selected locations. A three one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed in order to determine the most efficient input location. For each button position, we compared (1) the reaction time (RT), (2) the movement time (MT), and (3) the spatial variability of the movements...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Gianni Renda, Simon Jackson, Blair Kuys, T W Allan Whitfield
The purpose of this study was to investigate of how assistive cutlery design effects perception of the user. Studies regarding the usage and development of assistive cutlery have primarily focused on the ergonomics, whereas research into the aesthetics of assistive cutlery has been minimal. A method based on Canter's "Room Inference Protocol" from the field of environmental psychology was used to evaluate the aesthetics of the assistive cutlery. A series of images were digitally composited and a survey was deployed online, with an outcome of 562 usable responses...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Nasrin Nasr, Beatriz Leon, Gail Mountain, Sharon M Nijenhuis, Gerdienke Prange, Patrizio Sale, Farshid Amirabdollahian
PURPOSE: We drew on an interdisciplinary research design to examine stroke survivors' experiences of living with stroke and with technology in order to provide technology developers with insight into values, thoughts and feelings of the potential users of a to-be-designed robotic technology for home-based rehabilitation of the hand and wrist. METHOD: Ten stroke survivors and their family carers were purposefully selected. On the first home visit, they were introduced to cultural probe...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Ananya Kondapalli, Lee R Zhang, Shreya Patel, Xiao Han, Hee Jin Kim, Xintong Li, Eric L Altschuler
PURPOSE: Aphasia - loss of comprehension or expression of language - is a devastating functional sequela of stroke. There are as yet no effective methods for rehabilitation of aphasia. An assistive device that allows aphasia patients to communicate and interact at speeds approaching real time is urgently needed. METHODS: Behavioral and linguistic studies of aphasia patients show that they retain normal thinking processes and most aspects of language. They lack only phonology: the ability to translate (input) and/or output sounds (or written words) such as "ta-ble" into the image of a four-legged object with a top at which one works or eats...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Mélanie Levasseur, Hélène Pigot, Mélanie Couture, Nathalie Bier, Bonnie Swaine, Pierre-Yves Therriault, Sylvain Giroux
PURPOSE: This study explored the personalized and collective participation needs of people with acquired brain injury (ABI) living in a future shared community smart home. METHODS: An action research study was conducted with 16 persons, seven with ABI, four caregivers and five rehabilitation or smart home healthcare providers. Twelve interviews and two focus groups were conducted, audiotaped, transcribed and analyzed for content. RESULTS: Seventy personalized and 18 collective participation needs were reported related to daily and social activities...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Emily C Bouck, Sara M Flanagan
PURPOSE: This study sought to understand the extent to which students with severe disabilities receive assistive technology in school and out-of-school, and the relationship between receipt of assistive technology in school and post-school outcomes for these students. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) from the USA. To analyze the data in this correlational study, researchers conducted frequency distributions, Chi Square Tests of Associations, significance tests and logistic regressions...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Johanne L Mattie, Jaimie F Borisoff, Angie S Wong, William C Miller
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate end user perspectives of four existing home access solutions (HAS) and a newly designed experimental device (the ARISE). METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to evaluate the ARISE prototype against other HAS. Specifically, participants trialed stairs, a ramp, a platform lift (PL), a stair glide and the ARISE, after which they completed questionnaires aimed at soliciting their perspectives of these solutions. The time taken by participants to use each HAS was also collected...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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