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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

Young Myoung Lim, Hee Kim, Yu Jin Cha
PURPOSE: This study aims to provide evidence of the benefits and effects of environmental modification intervention on activities of daily living, quality of life and social participation in older adults. METHODS: This study searched and used randomized controlled trial research studies from the databases of MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using the Jadad scale, risk of bias and the patient, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) process...
November 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
David F Rusaw
PURPOSE: To investigate the bilateral postural adaptations as a result of standing on an increasingly unstable sway-referenced support surface with both the intact and prosthetic limb for transtibial prosthesis users (TPUs). METHOD: TPUs (n = 14) and matched controls (n = 14) stood quietly in multiple foot placement conditions (intact foot, prosthetic foot and both feet) on a sway-referenced support surface which matched surface rotation to the movement of the centre of pressure (CoP)...
November 8, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Matthew J Taylor, Andrew J Ruys, Ché Fornusek, Manfred Bijak, Michael Russold, Adrian E Bauman
AIM: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technology that can be used on paralyzed muscles to allow them to move. It has been used in populations with muscle paralysis or weakness for exercise, such as spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple sclerosis. In order to improve technology, it is vital to understand from a qualitative perspective, issues surrounding device development and implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2016, a study was conducted at the Medical University of Vienna that sought to unravel perspectives of FES exercise from the perspective of clinicians, engineers and researchers...
November 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Alex Hall, Elisabeth Boulton, Emma Stanmore
PURPOSE: Hip fractures are an important public health issue. Ninety-five percent of hip fractures are caused by falls, with those at greatest risk including residents of long-term care facilities. Hip protectors can be effective in preventing hip fractures, but levels of acceptance and adherence may be low. We report on work to develop research into a new hip protector that aims to overcome some of the acceptance and adherence challenges. METHODS: We held five patient and public consultation events involving 147 older adults and 10 long-term care sector staff in the Midlands and North West of England...
October 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Keun Ho Lee, Dong Kyu Kim, Yong Ho Cha, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Dong-Hyun Kim, Sang Jun Kim
AIM: To design and manufacture a patient-specific assistive device optimized for patient function after estimating the disability status of a patient with brain injury through 3D printing technique Materials and methods: The left hand of a man with right-side hemiparesis was scanned with a three-dimensional scanner, and the left-hand image was flipped over to the right side to design the orthosis. To change devices easily, a connector was designed to connect the devices and was easily detachable with the orthosis by using the magnetics...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Torhild Holthe, Flavia Dias Casagrande, Liv Halvorsrud, Anne Lund
INTRODUCTION: The ageing population has been described as a grand societal challenge worldwide, and access to technology is one important strategy for meeting this challenge. The Assisted Living Project has a responsible research and innovation approach and includes older adults in evaluating sensor-based functions in assisted living facilities. The purpose of involving users in research is to enhance a wider dialogue about the values, methods, and purposes of the research project. METHODS: We carried out a feasibility study in order to inform the development and conduct of a pilot project with eight residents...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Anne Ordway, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Kurt L Johnson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate hospital practices for the management of unwanted durable medical equipment (DME) and to understand how health care providers conceived of their role in preventing DME waste. In order to fully identify opportunities for DME waste prevention, we began this study at the point where health care providers prescribed patients DME. METHODS: We conducted a basic interpretive qualitative study in a large regional health care system in the United States employing semi-structured interviews and a focus group...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jonas Schröder, Tamaya van Criekinge, Elissa Embrechts, Xanthe Celis, Jolien Van Schuppen, Steven Truijen, Wim Saeys
PURPOSE: A motivational surrounding is desirable in stroke rehabilitation considering the need to train repetitively to improve balance, even after discharge from rehabilitation facilities. This review aims to investigate whether it is feasible to combine virtual reality (VR) which allows exercising in game-like environments with tele-rehabilitation in a community-dwelling stroke population. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in five databases, for example, PubMed and the Cochrane Library...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Cecilia Rogmark, Ammar Jobory, Oscar Unger, Inger Nilsson, Louise Dahlqvist
PURPOSE: To describe which types of assistive devices prescribed and actually used, either due to precautions or due to true functional reasons, after hip fracture-related hemiarthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 394 patients cluster-randomized 2010-2014 at a university hospital. Control group with standard postoperative precautions to reduce dislocations, mandatory assistive devices and knee brace for 6 weeks (in cognitively impaired) compared to non-precaution group with assistive devices only if needed...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Lynn Gitlow, Blaire Janney, Caitlyn Lemery, Julianne McDonald, Bethany McGinley, Kristin Rabideau
Anxiety disorders and/or depression are the most frequently diagnosed mental health problems (MHP) among American college students. Everyday technology (EDT) is being used with those who have MHP to help them cope with the mental/cognitive disabilities arising from having anxiety and/or depression. Deveau investigated the types of EDT students with MHP use to manage their roles as college students. While this research indicated that individuals with MHP were open to learning about EDT they can use, the author recommended further investigation of the topic...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, W Ben Mortenson, Sara Ahmed, Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger
PURPOSE: Providing care to older adults using assistive technology can be challenging for family caregivers. To inform the development of an Internet-based intervention, this study aimed to identify older assistive technology users and family caregivers' needs related to assistive technology procurement, and to explore how to offer remote support through an Internet-based intervention. METHODS: Based on an iterative user-centered design approach, 30 semi-structured interviews were conducted with stakeholders about their experiences with assistive technology procurement/attribution and their perceptions of a proposed intervention...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jing Wang, Harshal P Mahajan, Pamela E Toto, Michael P McCue, Dan Ding
PURPOSE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience difficulties in performing kitchen-related sequencing tasks due to cognitive deficits. The primary aim of this study is to examine the feasibility of a context-aware automatic prompting system in assisting individuals with TBI in multi-step cooking tasks. METHOD: Sixteen individuals with TBI participated in the study. A randomized cross-over design was used to compare the automatic prompting method with a conventional user-controlled method through a tablet device...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
A Grigorovich, M L Fang, J Sixsmith, P Kontos
PURPOSE: Transdisciplinary research has the potential to enhance the real-world impact of the field of aging and technology. This is a context-driven and problem-focused approach to knowledge production that involves collaboration across scientific disciplines and academic and nonacademic sectors. To sustain broader implementation of this approach, a scoping review was conducted on the impact of this approach on research processes, outcomes and uptake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of aging, health/medicine, and technology literatures indexed in three electronic data bases (Medline/OVID, EBSCO, ProQuest) from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2015...
October 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
H Jeannis, M Goldberg, K Seelman, M Schmeler, R A Cooper
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to address the development of the Full Participation Science and Engineering Accessibility (FPSEA) self-report survey that gathers experiences from students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) using a postsecondary laboratory and to evaluate the survey's stability. METHODS: Survey items were generated from an extensive literature review and recommendations articulated by experts. Think-aloud sessions and content validity index (CVI) were used to determine survey content validity and help finalize survey items...
October 13, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Giulio E Lancioni, Nirbhay N Singh, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Gloria Alberti, Viviana Perilli, Valeria Chiariello, Giovanna Grillo, Cosimo Turi
PURPOSE: This study evaluated a tablet-based program to help eight participants with moderate intellectual disability, sensory and/or motor impairments, and lack of expressive or expressive and receptive verbal skills to select and access leisure activities and video calls independently. METHODS: The program relied on the use of a tablet (i.e., Samsung Galaxy Tab S2 LTE) with 8-inch screen, Android 6.0 Operating System, front camera, proximity sensor and multimedia player...
October 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Simon Judge, Steven Bloch, Christopher J McDermott
OBJECTIVE: To involve people living with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (plwALS) in the scoping and identification of research priorities related to the changes in ALS communication including the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). METHODS: Two focus groups of plwALS at early and late stages of change to speech intelligibility were carried out as a patient and participant involvement exercise. The transcriptions of these groups were analyzed thematically and compared between groups...
October 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Susanne Frennert
INTRODUCTION: Swedish municipalities face a number of daunting challenges; an aging population, the public's increased demands and expectations on municipality services, and a strained economy to mention some. Welfare technology, a Scandinavian concept launched to promote digitalization, is seen as one solution to meet these challenges. OBJECTIVE: Despite these promises, few welfare technology applications are offered by local Swedish municipalities and care organizations...
September 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Nicola Postol, Jodie Marquez, Stephanie Spartalis, Andrew Bivard, Neil James Spratt
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of lower limb robotic exoskeletons on outcomes in the rehabilitation of people with acquired brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of seven electronic databases was conducted. The primary outcome of interest was neuromuscular function. Secondary outcomes included quality of life, mood, acceptability and safety. Studies were assessed for methodological quality and recommendations were made using the GRADE system. RESULTS: Of 2469 identified studies, 13 (n = 322) were included in the review...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Thomas Nordström, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: Reading and writing applications (with text-to-speech, TTS and speech-to-text, STT functions), used as assistive technology (AT) for students with reading difficulties are increasingly used in education, however, research has not sufficiently enough evaluated its potential. The purpose of this study was to explore how assistive reading and writing applications were perceived to function with regard to students' possibilities to assimilate (i.e., "read") and communicate (i...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Natalie James, Emma Power, Anne Hogden, Steve Vucic
PURPOSE: To explore the views of people with motor neurone disease (MND) on the barriers, facilitators and potential benefits of using home-based e-Health service delivery (telehealth) to access MND multidisciplinary clinic care. METHODS: Twelve patients from three MND multidisciplinary clinics and an MND support association group completed a survey of information technology (IT) use and participated in interviews, to gather participants' experiences and perceptions of home-based telehealth for MND clinic care...
September 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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