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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423963/patient-perceptions-of-environmental-control-units-experiences-of-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders-receiving-inpatient-va-healthcare
#1
Bella Etingen, Rachael N Martinez, Marissa A Vallette, Ryan Dendinger, Balmatee Bidassie, Scott Miskevics, Hira T Khan, Huberta T Cozart, Sara M Locatelli, Frances M Weaver
PURPOSE: To assess patients' perceptions of environmental control units (ECUs) at Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Injury Centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A brief questionnaire was conducted with patients in real-time while they were hospitalised ("on-the-spot questionnaire"); a survey was mailed to patients who had recently been discharged from a hospital stay ("discharge survey"). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Seventy on-the-spot questionnaires and 80 discharge surveys were collected...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399722/safety-and-function-of-a-prototype-microprocessor-controlled-knee-prosthesis-for-low-active-transfemoral-amputees-switching-from-a-mechanic-knee-prosthesis-a-pilot-study
#2
Timothy Hasenoehrl, Thomas Schmalz, Reinhard Windhager, Stephan Domayer, Sara Dana, Clemens Ambrozy, Stefano Palma, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: Aim of this pilot study was to assess safety and functioning of a microprocessor-controlled knee prosthesis (MPK) after a short familiarization time and no structured physical therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five elderly, low-active transfemoral amputees who were fitted with a standard non-microprocessor controlled knee prosthesis (NMPK) performed a baseline measurement consisting of a 3 D gait analysis, functional tests and questionnaires. The first follow-up consisted of the same test procedure and was performed with the MPK after 4 to 6 weeks of familiarization...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398175/interactive-design-of-patient-oriented-video-games-for-rehabilitation-concept-and-application
#3
Giorgia Lupinacci, Gianluca Gatti, Corrado Melegari, Saverio Fontana
PURPOSE: Serious video-games are innovative tools used to train the motor skills of subjects affected by neurological disorders. They are often developed to train a specific type of patients and the rules of the game are standardly defined. A system that allows the therapist to design highly patient-oriented video-games, without specific informatics skills, is proposed. METHOD: The system consists of one personal computer, two screens, a Kinect™ sensor and a specific software developed here for the design of the video-games...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379744/the-meaning-ascribed-to-wheeled-mobility-devices-by-individuals-who-use-wheelchairs-and-scooters-a-metasynthesis
#4
Jacquie Ripat, Michele Verdonck, Roger Jaffrey Carter
PURPOSE: To synthesize qualitative study findings on the meaning ascribed to wheelchairs and wheeled mobility devices (WMD) by WMD users. METHOD: Bibliographic databases were systematically searched up to January 2015 to identify relevant papers. Reviewers selected studies, assessed methodological quality and thematically synthesized findings using a metasynthesis process described by Thomas and Harden (2008). RESULTS: Twenty articles were included...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375687/predictors-of-retention-and-attrition-in-a-study-of-an-advanced-upper-limb-prosthesis-implications-for-adoption-of-the-deka-arm
#5
Linda Resnik, Jill Cancio, Shana Klinger, Gail Latlief, Nicole Sasson, Lisa Smurr-Walters
PURPOSE: The purpose was to identify factors associated with completion of the VA home study of the DEKA Arm. Design and methodological procedures used: Differences between groups were examined using chi-square and t-tests. A multivariable logistic regression model predicting completion was generated and odds ratios (OR) for significant variables calculated. Post-hoc analysis was performed to plot the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Participants who completed were more likely to be prosthesis users at study onset (p = ...
April 4, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366104/adult-scandinavians-use-of-powered-scooters-user-satisfaction-frequency-of-use-and-prediction-of-daily-use
#6
Terje Sund, Åse Brandt
PURPOSE: To investigate user satisfaction with characteristics of powered scooters (scooters), frequency of use, and factors predicting daily scooter use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SAMPLE: Adult scooter users (n = 59) in Denmark and Norway, mean age 74.5 (standard deviation 12.3) years. METHODS: Structured face-to-face interviews. The NOMO 1.0, the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with assistive devices (QUEST 2...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366038/perceived-self-efficacy-and-specific-self-reported-outcomes-in-persons-with-lower-limb-amputation-using-a-non-microprocessor-controlled-versus-a-microprocessor-controlled-prosthetic-knee
#7
Saffran Möller, Kerstin Hagberg, Kersti Samulesson, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
PURPOSE: To measure self-efficacy in a group of individuals who have undergone a lower-limb amputation and investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and prosthetic-specific outcomes including prosthetic use, mobility, amputation-related problems and global health. A second purpose was to examine if differences exist in outcomes based upon the type of prosthetic knee unit being used. METHOD: Cross-sectional study using the General Self-Efficacy (GSE) Scale and the Questionnaire for Persons with a Transfemoral Amputation (Q-TFA)...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366037/an-exploration-of-physiotherapists-experiences-of-robotic-therapy-in-upper-limb-rehabilitation-within-a-stroke-rehabilitation-centre
#8
Andrew Stephenson, John Stephens
PURPOSE: Strokes are the world's leading cause of adult disability, with movement impairment being more common in the upper limb (UL). Robotic therapy (RT) is identified as an effective adjunct to promote movement but with limited effect on functional capabilities. There is currently limited research in user experience of RT, specifically that of physiotherapists. This study sought to explore physiotherapists' experience of using RT in rehabilitation of the UL, within a stroke rehabilitation centre in the north of England...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366029/a-novel-mechanotronic-orthosis-enables-symmetrical-gait-kinematics-in-a-patient-with-a-femoral-nerve-palsy-a-case-study
#9
G M Hobusch, T Hasenöhrl, K Pieber, T Schmalz, S Dana, C Ambrozy, K Pohlig, H Dietl, R Crevenna, G von Skrbensky, C Hofer, R Auberger, R Windhager
The usage of stance- and swing-phase control orthoses (SSCOs) is a good option in patients with neuromuscular insufficiency of the quadriceps muscle in a broad range of musculo-skeletal disorders. The subjective sensation of improved mobility in daily life and walking comfort could be objectively confirmed by the ability to walk without crutches and by harmonization of the gait patterns in hip and knee. They could also be a considered mobility device after limb salvage surgery, which may even have an impact on preoperative decision making...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366027/detecting-destabilizing-wheelchair-conditions-for-maintaining-seated-posture
#10
Anna Crawford, Kiley Armstrong, Kenneth Loparo, Musa Audu, Ronald Triolo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to detect and classify potentially destabilizing conditions encountered by manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries (SCI) to dynamically increase stability and prevent falls. METHODS: A volunteer with motor complete T11 paraplegia repeatedly propelled his manual wheelchair over level ground and simulated destabilizing conditions including sudden stops, bumps and rough terrain. Wireless inertial measurement units attached to the wheelchair frame and his sternum recorded associated accelerations and angular velocities...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359181/serious-games-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#11
João Pedro Proença, Cláudia Quaresma, Pedro Vieira
The aim of this research is to carry out a systematic review of the use of technological gaming platforms with serious games in the upper limb rehabilitation of patients with neuromotor disorders. Through a systematic review, the first two authors defined the inclusion criteria and extracted the data, resulting in 38 studies collected from B-On, PubMed and Medline. Ninety-two per cent of the selected articles were published since 2010. This review documents 35 different gaming platforms types. Twenty-one of the 38 articles included in this review conducted a clinical trial and of those only eight report improvements in the target population following the use of the games and platforms...
March 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350526/exploring-types-of-play-in-an-adapted-robotics-program-for-children-with-disabilities
#12
Sally Lindsay, Ashley Lam
PURPOSE: Play is an important occupation in a child's development. Children with disabilities often have fewer opportunities to engage in meaningful play than typically developing children. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of play (i.e., solitary, parallel and co-operative) within an adapted robotics program for children with disabilities aged 6-8 years. METHOD: This study draws on detailed observations of each of the six robotics workshops and interviews with 53 participants (21 children, 21 parents and 11 programme staff)...
March 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350511/design-construction-and-evaluation-of-sensor-lock-an-electromechanical-stance-control-knee-joint
#13
Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Mina Baniasad, Mohammad Samadian, Navid Golchin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Most currently-available stance control knee ankle foot orthoses (SCKAFOs) still need full knee extension to lock the knee joint, and they are still noisy, bulky, and heavy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to design, construct, and evaluate an original electromechanical SCKAFO knee joint that could feasibly solve these problems, and thus address the problems of current stance control knee joints with regards to their structure, function, cosmesis, and cost. METHOD: Ten able-bodied (AB) participants and two (knee ankle foot orthosis) KAFO users were recruited to participate in the study...
March 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346029/reasons-for-using-power-tilt-perspectives-from-clients-and-therapists
#14
Laura C Titus, Janice Miller Polgar
PURPOSE: A power tilt wheelchair allows independence in changing body position to address a variety of needs throughout the day; however, literature and clinical practice suggest that actual use varies greatly. This grounded theory study examined how power tilt was used in daily life from the perspectives of adults who used power tilt and therapists who prescribed this technology. METHODS: A constant comparative approach was used to collect and analyze interview data from five people who use power tilt and six therapists who prescribe this technology...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#15
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326967/development-and-validation-of-a-remote-home-safety-protocol
#16
Sergio Romero, Mi Jung Lee, Ivana Simic, Charles Levy, Jon Sanford
AIM: Environmental assessments and subsequent modifications conducted by healthcare professionals can enhance home safety and promote independent living. However, travel time, expense and the availability of qualified professionals can limit the broad application of this intervention. Remote technology has the potential to increase access to home safety evaluations. PURPOSE: This study describes the development and validation of a remote home safety protocol that can be used by a caregiver of an elderly person to video-record their home environment for later viewing and evaluation by a trained professional...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326905/assistive-technology-unmet-needs-of-independent-living-older-hispanics-with-functional-limitations
#17
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Mauricio Lizama, Jeffrey W Jutai
PURPOSE: To identify: (1) the most frequently used assistive technology (AT) by a sample of community-living older Hispanics; (2) their AT needs; (3) the AT that would not be used by the simple; and (4) the factors associated with the willingness to use AT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional descriptive study design with a purposive sample of 60 individuals 70 years and older living in Puerto Rico. Data collection tools included a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Assistive Technology Card Assessment...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326869/design-and-evaluation-of-vibratory-shoe-on-balance-control-for-elderly-subjects-technical-note
#18
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Farzam Farahmand, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Reza Fadayevatan, Ehsan Abdollahi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aging often results in a decline in somatosensory function, and such changes are associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor function through a mechanism known as stochastic resonance (SR). This paper describes the development and testing of a new vibrating shoe to possibly assist the elderly patients in controlling their balance and decreasing their falling risks. TECHNIQUE: The new vibrating shoe was evaluated to ascertain its ability to generate appropriate random and nonlinear vibrations...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326868/a-longitudinal-study-assessing-the-maintenance-condition-of-cadres-of-four-types-of-wheelchairs-provided-in-low-resource-areas
#19
Karen Rispin, Kristofer Riseling, Joy Wee
Wheelchair breakdowns increase the risk of injury and limit the mobility of wheelchair users. In the endeavour to meet the enormous global need for wheelchairs, manufacturers of wheelchairs for low-resource settings face a cost-benefit tension between affordability and durability. Field studies are needed to provide feedback on durability. Four manufacturers provided cadres of wheelchairs to the organization providing rehabilitation to students at a boarding school for children with disabilities in a low-resource area...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326859/performance-evaluation-of-3d-vision-based-semi-autonomous-control-method-for-assistive-robotic-manipulator
#20
Hyun W Ka, Cheng-Shiu Chung, Dan Ding, Khara James, Rory Cooper
We developed a 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface for assistive robotic manipulators. It was implemented based on one of the most popular commercially available assistive robotic manipulator combined with a low-cost depth-sensing camera mounted on the robot base. To perform a manipulation task with the 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface, a user starts operating with a manual control method available to him/her. When detecting objects within a set range, the control interface automatically stops the robot, and provides the user with possible manipulation options through audible text output, based on the detected object characteristics...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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