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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098513/attrition-and-retention-in-upper-limb-prosthetics-research-experience-of-the-va-home-study-of-the-deka-arm
#1
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger
PURPOSE: (1) Describe study attrition; (2) identify reasons for attrition, and (3) discuss implications for prosthetic prescription and design of future device studies. Design and methodological procedures used: Completion phase (during in-laboratory training, after training, or home use) was identified for 42 participants. Qualitative data were analyzed to identify attrition reasons. Reasons were classified as related to the DEKA arm, or not. RESULTS: Study attrition was 57%, with 43% completing the full study...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098503/relationship-between-perceived-competence-and-performance-during-real-and-virtual-motor-tasks-by-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#2
Batya Engel-Yeger, Rotem Sido, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Patrice L Weiss
PURPOSE: (i) To compare children with DCD and typically developing participants via standard motor assessments, two interactive virtual games, measures of physical, social and cognitive self-competence and feedback while playing the virtual games and (ii) To examine the contribution of age and each motor assessment to predict self-competence. METHODS: Participants were 25 boys with DCD and 25 typically developing boys, aged 5-9 years. They completed the M-ABC-2, the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence, the 6-Minute Walk Test, and then played the two Kinect games and completed the Short Feedback Questionnaire for Children...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068847/case-study-survey-of-patient-satisfaction-with-prosthesis-quality-and-design-among-below-knee-prosthetic-leg-socket-users
#3
Nurhanisah Mohd Hawari, Mohammad Jawaid, Paridah Md Tahir, Raja Ahmad Azmeer
The aim of this case study was to explore patient satisfaction with the quality of prosthetic leg sockets intended for persons with lower limb amputations. A qualitative study based on in-depth interviews, preceded by a questionnaire session, was carried out with patients from the Rehabilitation Center and Hospital in Malaysia. Twelve out-patient and in-patient amputees with lower limb amputations, specifically below-knee amputations, were chosen randomly. The analysis of patients' narratives aimed to identify the functional and esthetic characteristics of currently used prosthetic leg sockets and any problems related to them...
January 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035841/rehabilitation-robotics-for-the-upper-extremity-review-with-new-directions-for-orthopaedic-disorders
#4
Renée M Hakim, Brandon G Tunis, Michael D Ross
The focus of research using technological innovations such as robotic devices has been on interventions to improve upper extremity function in neurologic populations, particularly patients with stroke. There is a growing body of evidence describing rehabilitation programs using various types of supportive/assistive and/or resistive robotic and virtual reality-enhanced devices to improve outcomes for patients with neurologic disorders. The most promising approaches are task-oriented, based on current concepts of motor control/learning and practice-induced neuroplasticity...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034325/skill-training-preferences-and-technology-use-in-persons-with-neck-and-low-back-pain
#5
Jonas Verbrugghe, Mieke Haesen, Ruth Spierings, Kim Willems, Guido Claes, Enzo Olivieri, Karin Coninx, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are highly prevalent. Exercise therapy helps, but effect sizes and therapy compliance remain low. Client-centred therapy and technology use may play a role to improve therapy outcomes. To offer technology supported rehabilitation matching patient's goals, training preferences for rehabilitation and technology familiarity need to be known. PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) inventory training preferences and motives, (2) evaluate whether these change during rehabilitation, and (3) evaluate familiarity with using technologies, in persons with NP/LBP...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029063/computerized-physical-activity-training-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-experiences-from-a-communal-supported-housing-project
#6
Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten, Karl-Anton Forsberg
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of Exergames in communal psychiatry for persons with severe mental illness, a randomized cluster study was performed. The hypothesis was to increase physical activity habits to improve somatic health. To identify factors promoting or impeding the use of the Exergames. METHODS: Assessments of BMI, blood pressure, physical fitness, SF36, GAF and social interactions were studied at baseline and 10 months. An integrated methods design using content analysis of focus group interviews was integrated with a statistical analysis...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982717/intelligent-power-wheelchair-use-in-long-term-care-potential-users-experiences-and-perceptions
#7
Paula W Rushton, Ben W Mortenson, Pooja Viswanathan, Rosalie H Wang, William C Miller, Laura Hurd Clarke
PURPOSE: Long-term care (LTC) residents with cognitive impairments frequently experience limited mobility and participation in preferred activities. Although a power wheelchair could mitigate some of these mobility and participation challenges, this technology is often not prescribed for this population due to safety concerns. An intelligent power wheelchair (IPW) system represents a potential intervention that could help to overcome these concerns. The purpose of this study was to explore a) how residents experienced an IPW that used three different modes of control and b) what perceived effect the IPW would have on their daily lives...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982716/apps-in-therapy-occupational-therapists-use-and-opinions
#8
Anna M Seifert, Nicole Stotz, Alexia E Metz
To gather information on occupational therapy practitioners' use and opinions of apps, an online survey was distributed to occupational therapy practitioners licensed in the state of Ohio. The survey sought information regarding clinical populations and skill areas for which apps are used, potential barriers to use of apps and preferred apps/app features. OTs working in medical and education-based settings and with clients of all ages responded to the survey. Over half (53%) reported not using apps in therapy, with "not having access to the technology at work" being the leading reason endorsed...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982715/the-effect-of-footwear-adapted-with-a-multi-curved-rocker-sole-in-conjunction-with-knee-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-walking-in-poliomyelitis-subjects-a-pilot-study
#9
Ali Mojaver, Mokhtar Arazpour, Gholamreza Aminian, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Guive Sharifi, Arash Sherafatvaziri
BACKGROUND: Knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs) are used by people with poliomyelitis to ambulate. Whist advances in orthotic knee joint designs for use in KAFOs such the provision of stance control capability have proven efficacy, little attention has been paid to shoe adaptations which may also improve gait. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the alteration to the kinematics and temporal-spatial parameters of gait caused by the use of heel-to-toe rocker-soled footwear when ambulating with KAFOs...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982714/technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-pilot-study-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-enhancing-language-development
#10
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Rose McAuley, Laura Smith, Sandra Grether
PURPOSE: Pilot study to assess the effect of augmentative and alternative communication technology to enhance language development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children ages 5-10 years with permanent bilateral hearing loss who were identified with language underperformance participated in an individualized 24-week structured program using the application TouchChat WordPower on iPads(®). Language samples were analyzed for changes in mean length of utterance, vocabulary words and mean turn length...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924656/assistive-technology-as-reading-interventions-for-children-with-reading-impairments-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#11
Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the possible transfer effect on reading ability in children with reading difficulties after a systematic intervention to train and compensate for reading deficiencies by using applications in smartphones and tablets. The effects of using assistive technology (AT) one year after the interventions were completely studied. School related motivation, independent learning and family relations were also considered. METHOD: 35 pupils aged 10-12 years participated...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923277/reaction-time-for-processing-visual-stimulus-in-a-computer-assisted-rehabilitation-environment
#12
Yerly Sanchez, David Pinzon, Bin Zheng
PURPOSE: To examine the reaction time when human subjects process information presented in the visual channel under both a direct vision and a virtual rehabilitation environment when walking was performed. METHOD: Visual stimulus included eight math problems displayed on the peripheral vision to seven healthy human subjects in a virtual rehabilitation training (computer-assisted rehabilitation environment (CAREN)) and a direct vision environment. Subjects were required to verbally report the results of these math calculations in a short period of time...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910723/powered-mobility-intervention-understanding-the-position-of-tool-use-learning-as-part-of-implementing-the-alp-tool
#13
Lisbeth Nilsson, Josephine Durkin
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge necessary for adoption and implementation of the Assessment of Learning Powered mobility use (ALP) tool in different practice settings for both adults and children. To consult with a diverse population of professionals working with adults and children, in different countries and various settings; who were learning about or using the ALP tool, as part of exploring and implementing research findings. METHOD: Classical grounded theory with a rigorous comparative analysis of data from informants together with reflections on our own rich experiences of powered mobility practice and comparisons with the literature...
December 2, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882821/a-description-of-assistive-technology-sources-services-and-outcomes-of-use-in-a-number-of-african-settings
#14
Surona Visagie, Arne H Eide, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Alister Munthali, Mustafa Khogali, Gert van Rooy, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Malcolm MacLachlan
: Purpose statement: The article explores assistive technology sources, services and outcomes in South Africa, Namibia, Malawi and Sudan. METHODS: A survey was done in purposively selected sites of the study countries. Cluster sampling followed by random sampling served to identify 400-500 households (HHs) with members with disabilities per country. A HH questionnaire and individual questionnaire was completed. Country level analysis was limited to descriptive statistics...
November 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782750/rehabilitation-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-virtual-environments-with-intuitive-user-interface-and-force-feedback
#15
Vico Chung-Lim Chiang, King-Hung Lo, Kup-Sze Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of using a virtual rehabilitation system with intuitive user interface and force feedback to improve the skills in activities of daily living (ADL). METHOD: A virtual training system equipped with haptic devices was developed for the rehabilitation of three ADL tasks - door unlocking, water pouring and meat cutting. Twenty subjects with upper limb disabilities, supervised by two occupational therapists, received a four-session training using the system...
October 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882819/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-assistive-technology-device-predisposition-assessment-atd-pa-for-use-in-brazil-atd-pa-br
#16
Ana Cristina de Jesus Alves, Thelma Simões Matsukura, Marcia J Scherer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment (ATD PA) for use in Brazil. METHOD: The selection of the Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment (ATD PA) was determined by previous literature reviews of articles published in 2014 and 2016 in six databases with the terms "assistive device" or "assistive technology" or "self-help device" combined with "evidence-based practice" or "framework" or "measurement scale" or "model and outcome assessment"...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443790/assistive-technology-in-resource-limited-environments-a-scoping-review
#17
Rebecca Matter, Mark Harniss, Tone Oderud, Johan Borg, Arne H Eide
PURPOSE: It is estimated that only 5-15% of people in low and middle income countries (LMICs) who need assistive technologies (AT) have access to them. This scoping review was conducted to provide a comprehensive picture of the current evidence base on AT within LMICs and other resource limited environments. METHOD: The scoping review involved locating evidence, extracting data, and summarizing characteristics of all included research publications. RESULTS: Of the 252 publications included, over 80% focused on types of AT that address mobility (45...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376636/how-are-service-users-instructed-to-measure-home-furniture-for-provision-of-minor-assistive-devices
#18
Anita Atwal, Anne Mcintyre, Georgia Spiliotopoulou, Arthur Money, Ioannis Paraskevopulos
PURPOSE: Measurements play a vital role in providing devices that meet the individual needs of users. There is increasing evidence of devices being abandoned. The reasons for this are complex but one key factor that plays a role in non-use of equipment is the lack of fit between the device, environment and person. In addition, the abandonment of devices can be seen as a waste of public money. The aim of this paper is to examine the type, the readability, and the content of existing guidance in relation to measuring home furniture...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017889/gait-training-of-subacute-stroke-patients-using-a-hybrid-assistive-limb-a-pilot-study
#19
Masafumi Mizukami, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Ayumu Sano, Kazunori Koseki, Yasutsugu Asakwa, Koji Iwamoto, Hiroshi Nagata, Hideo Tsurushima, Kei Nakai, Aiki Marushima, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Akira Matsumura
Purpose To determine whether gait training with a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) as an exoskeleton robotic device was safe and could increase functional mobility and gait ability in subacute stroke patients. Methods The participants were eight patients with post-stroke hemiparesis whose walking impairment and gait recovery curves had plateaued. The intervention program was gait training using HAL and a walker for 20 min daily 5 days a week for 5 weeks. The 10-m maximum walking speed (MWS), self-selected walking speed (SWS) and 2-min-walk test (2MT) without HAL were used as primary outcome measures to determine the effects of training...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735630/feasibility-and-usability-of-a-wearable-orthotic-for-stroke-survivors-with-hand-impairment
#20
Kishor Lakshminarayanan, Fa Wang, John G Webster, Na Jin Seo
PURPOSE: The concept of a vibrating wristband, to improve dextrous hand function of stroke survivors, was recently proposed with clinical results and is referred to as 'TheraBracelet' in this paper. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate feasibility of a portable, wearable TheraBracelet, and to apply usability evaluation techniques to assess potential demands of TheraBracelet and to identify critical improvement needs of the prototype. METHOD: A prototype was developed with a vibrating element housed in an elastic wristband and connected to a wearable electronics box via a cable...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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