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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772950/systems-thinking-for-assistive-technology-a-commentary-on-the-great-summit
#1
Malcolm MacLachlan, Marcia Scherer
The area of assistive technology has a long history of technological ingenuity and innovation. In order to ensure that the benefits of assistive technology are equitably distributed across the population and life course, it is necessary to adopt a systemic approach to the area. We describe examples of systems thinking and non-systems thinking across 10 Ps. These Ps are People (or users, as the primary beneficiaries of assistive technology), Policy, Products, Personnel, Provision (as key strategic drivers at systems level); and Procurement, Place, Pace, Promotion and Partnership (as key situational factors for systems)...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772947/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#2
Marcia J Scherer, Malcolm MacLachlan, Chapal Khasnabis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772940/assistive-technology-and-people-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#3
Deirdre Desmond, Natasha Layton, Jacob Bentley, Fleur Heleen Boot, Johan Borg, Bishnu Maya Dhungana, Pamela Gallagher, Lynn Gitlow, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Nora Groce, Katerina Mavrou, Trish Mackeogh, Rachael McDonald, Cecilia Pettersson, Marcia Scherer
Assistive technology (AT) is a powerful enabler of participation. The World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) programme is actively working towards access to assistive technology for all. Developed through collaborative work as a part of the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit, this position paper provides a "state of the science" view of AT users, conceptualized as "People" within the set of GATE strategic "P"s...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772939/enabling-appropriate-personnel-skill-mix-for-progressive-realization-of-equitable-access-to-assistive-technology
#4
Emma M Smith, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Hasheem Mannan, Brian Donnelly, Liliana Alvarez, Diane Bell, Silvana Contepomi, Liezel Ennion Wegner, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Tracey Howe, Yih-Kuen Jan, Jeanne Kagwiza, Natasha Layton, Ritchard Ledgerd, Malcolm MacLachlan, Giulia Oggero, Cecilia Pettersson, Thais Pousada, Elsje Scheffler, Sam Wu
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: This paper reviews the current capacity of personnel in enabling access to assistive technology (AT) as well as the systems and processes within which they work, and was reviewed, discussed, and refined during and following the Global Research, Innovation, and Education in Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit. FINDINGS: Key concepts addressed include a person-centred team approach; sustainability indicators to monitor, measure, and respond to needs for service design and delivery; education, research, and training for competent practice, using the six rehab-workforce challenges framework; and credentialing frameworks...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742361/low-vision-and-mobility-scooters-the-experiences-of-individuals-with-low-vision-who-use-mobility-scooters
#5
Keri S McMullan, Mary Butler
PURPOSE: Older adults with low vision are a growing population with rehabilitation needs including support with community mobility to enable community participation. Some older adults with low vision choose to use mobility scooters to mobilize within their community, but there is limited research about the use by people with low vision. This paper describes a pilot study and asks the question: what are the experiences of persons with low vision who use mobility scooters? METHODS: This study gathered the experiences of four participants with low vision, aged 51 and over, who regularly use mobility scooters...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741966/feminine-identity-and-functional-benefits-are-key-factors-in-women-s-decision-making-about-upper-limb-prostheses-a-case-series
#6
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger, Anisha Gill, Sarah Ekerholm Biester
PURPOSE: Although the DEKA Arm promises new abilities, it is unclear if women with upper limb amputation are willing to avail themselves of this new technology. The study purpose was to understand key factors and tradeoffs that shape women's attitudes towards the DEKA Arm. METHODS: This case series includes three women with transradial amputation. Structured surveys and semi-guided interviews were administered after completion of in-laboratory training and a home trial of the DEKA Arm...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741965/assistive-technology-provision-towards-an-international-framework-for-assuring-availability-and-accessibility-of-affordable-high-quality-assistive-technology
#7
Luc de Witte, Emily Steel, Shivani Gupta, Vinícius Delgado Ramos, Uta Roentgen
PURPOSE: This is a position paper describing the elements of an international framework for assistive technology provision that could guide the development of policies, systems and service delivery procedures across the world. It describes general requirements, quality criteria and possible approaches that may help to enhance the accessibility of affordable and high quality assistive technology solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The paper is based on the experience of the authors, an analysis of the existing literature and the inputs from many colleagues in the field of assistive technology provision...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741134/recovery-and-compensation-after-robotic-assisted-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-survivors
#8
Alice De Luca, Honoré Vernetti, Cristina Capra, Ivano Pisu, Cinzia Cassiano, Laura Barone, Federica Gaito, Federica Danese, Giovanni Antonio Checchia, Carmelo Lentino, Psiche Giannoni, Maura Casadio
BACKGROUND: Gait re-education is a primary rehabilitation goal after stroke. In the last decades, robots with different mechanical structures have been extensively used in the clinical practice for gait training of stroke survivors. However, the effectiveness of robotic training is still controversial, especially for chronic subjects. In this study, we investigated the short-term effects of gait training assisted by an endpoint robot in a population of chronic stroke survivors. METHODS: Subjects were evaluated before and after training with clinical scales and instrumented gait analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741127/from-individual-innovation-to-global-impact-the-global-cooperation-on-assistive-technology-gate-innovation-snapshot-as-a-method-for-sharing-and-scaling
#9
Natasha Layton, Caitlin Murphy, Diane Bell
Assistive technology (AT) is an essential facilitator of independence and participation, both for people living with the effects of disability and/or non-communicable disease, as well as people aging with resultant functional decline. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes the substantial gap between the need for and provision of AT and is leading change through the Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology (GATE) initiative. Showcasing innovations gathered from 92 global researchers, innovators, users and educators of AT through the WHO GREAT Summit, this article provides an analysis of ideas and actions on a range of dimensions in order to provide a global overview of AT innovation...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732906/design-and-development-of-a-pool-and-billiards-assistive-device-for-the-physically-challenged
#10
Kiran Ragoo, Vashish Sirjoosingh, Shreedevi Sahadeo, Boppana V Chowdary, Chris Maharaj
This research entailed the development and prototyping of a bespoke assistive device for a subject who was a local pool and billiards championship player. The subject was diagnosed with a brain tumor and had to undergo surgery followed by chemotherapy to completely remove the mass in the brain. Following this, there was some loss in motor skills on the right side of his body affecting his gait and grip on objects and his ability to play pool and billiards. Concepts were developed to enable the subject to regain some form...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732901/assistive-technology-for-promoting-adaptive-skills-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-ten-cases-evaluation
#11
Fabrizio Stasolla, Alessandro O Caffò, Viviana Perilli, Adele Boccasini, Rita Damiani, Fiora D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology for promoting adaptive skills of children with cerebral palsy. To assess its effects on positive participation of ten participants involved. To carry out a social validation recruiting parents, physiotherapists and support teachers as external raters. METHOD: A multiple probe design was implemented for Studies I and II. Study I involved five participants exposed to a combined program aimed at enhancing choice process of preferred items and locomotion fluency...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722580/reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-wheelchair-skills-test-4-2-for-manual-wheelchair-users-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Diego Passuni, Elisa Dalzotto, Christian F Gath, Eliana Buffetti, Milagros Elizalde, Verónica Jarmoluk, Maria J Russo, Silvia Intruvini, Lisandro E Olmos, Orestes Freixes
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: The majority of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are dependent on wheelchair for their mobility. Approximately, 36% of wheelchair users reported that obstacles such as curbs, uneven terrain, flooring surfaces and thresholds were barriers to mobility. Several studies have shown that assessment and training of wheelchair skills leads to improvements in those skills. The purpose of our study was to translate the Wheelchair Skill Test (4...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722577/rehabilitation-technology-services-and-employment-outcomes-among-consumers-using-division-of-rehabilitation-services
#13
Matthew Evan Sprong, Bryan Dallas, Erina Paul, Michelle Xia
PURPOSE: The primary goal of the study was to evaluate how the use of rehabilitation technology impacted closure status for consumers receiving services in fiscal year (FY) 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA-911) Case Service Report FY 2014 archival dataset was obtained from the U.S. Department of Education (2014) and secondary analyses was performed for this study. RSA-911 archival data is updated on an annual basis and consists of all state-federal rehabilitation consumers who were served in the specific fiscal year...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683014/older-adults-perspectives-on-the-process-of-becoming-users-of-assistive-technology-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#14
Stina Meyer Larsen, Rikke Falgreen Mortensen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen, Lise Hounsgaard
PURPOSE: To identify, synthesize, and evaluate existing literature concerning the process of becoming a user of assistive technology (AT). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis were carried out. Five bibliographic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO and SocINDEX) were systematically searched up to 13th of March 2017, using two sets of search terms: (i) elderly and synonyms and (ii) assistive technology and similar words, and combined with a qualitative research filter...
April 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667528/speech-and-language-therapists-views-about-aac-system-acceptance-by-people-with-acquired-communication-disorders
#15
Eliada Pampoulou
OBJECTIVE: Some adults with acquired communication disorders are faced with an inability to communicate coherently through verbal speech with their communication partners. Despite the fact that a variety of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) aided systems is available to assist them in communicating, not all adults accept them. In Cyprus, there is scant research focusing on the factors that are linked to AAC system acceptance and abandonment. METHODS: To address this gap, this research involves exploring the experiences of six speech and language therapists supporting adults with acquired communication disorders, who could benefit from the use of AAC systems...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667522/pressure-distribution-analysis-in-three-wheelchairs-cushions-of-subjects-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Paulo Vinicius Braga Mendes, Luma Carolina Câmara Gradim, Natália Sanches Silva, Ana Luiza Caltabiano Allegretti, Débora Couto De Melo Carrijo, Daniel Marinho Cezar da Cruz
PURPOSE: Pressure injuries are a complication due to spinal cord injury. The objective of the study is to compare the pressure distribution in the wheelchair seat of subjects with spinal cord injury using 3 pads (Roho® , Varilite® and Varilite® ). METHODS: Pressure analysis was performed on 10 participants in two situations: (a) the participant sitting in static posture and (b) with the wheelchair being used for locomotion. RESULTS: In the static position: Jay® showed the best rates for average pressure and also the contact area, the Roho® had the lowest average for the peak pressure...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667519/an-investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-performance-of-wheelchair-transfers
#17
Giulia Barbareschi, Catherine Holloway
PURPOSE: Being able to transfer in and out of their wheelchair is an important task for wheelchair users that can be affected by a variety of different factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between personal characteristics, wheelchair users' transferring technique and the other factors that can affect the performance of wheelchair transfers. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study was designed to recruit wheelchair users, aged 18 or older, performing sitting-pivot or standing-pivot wheelchair transfers, independently or with assistance...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667464/end-user-evaluation-of-a-kneeling-wheelchair-with-on-the-fly-adjustable-seating-functions
#18
Johanne Mattie, Angie Wong, Danny Leland, Jaimie Borisoff
A "kneeling" ultralight wheelchair prototype has been developed that allows users to adjust seat position "on the fly" for different activities throughout the day. The wheelchair includes independent adjustment functions for rear seat height, front seat height ("kneeling") and backrest angle.  Aim: This work aimed to gather feedback about the wheelchair's functionality and performance through end user evaluation trials.  Methods: Eight manual wheelchair users evaluated the prototype Kneeling Wheelchair for a range of activities...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616832/effectiveness-of-the-wheelchair-skills-training-program-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Laura Keeler, R Lee Kirby, Kim Parker, Katie D McLean, Jill A Hayden
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review synthesizing the evidence for the effectiveness of the Wheelchair Skills Training Program (WSTP). DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL and Embase databases, as well as grey literature, up to 10 October 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effectiveness of the WSTP. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent reviewers screened articles and extracted data...
April 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589478/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-interdisciplinary-consultation-in-the-prescription-of-assistive-technologies-for-mobility-limitations
#20
Fred A de Laat, Bart van Heerebeek, Jaap J van Netten
PURPOSE: To explore the advantages and disadvantages experienced by professionals in interdisciplinary consultation involving the user, prescriber and technician in the prescription of assistive technologies for mobility limitations. METHOD: Cross-sectional study. Prescribers (N = 39) and orthopaedic technicians (N = 50), who were regularly involved in an interdisciplinary consultation completed a questionnaire about advantages and disadvantages of the interdisciplinary consultation...
March 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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