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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241453/do-powered-over-ground-lower-limb-robotic-exoskeletons-affect-outcomes-in-the-rehabilitation-of-people-with-acquired-brain-injury
#1
Nicola Postol, Jodie Marquez, Stephanie Spartalis, Andrew Bivard, Neil James Spratt
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of lower limb robotic exoskeletons on outcomes in the rehabilitation of people with acquired brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of seven electronic databases was conducted. The primary outcome of interest was neuromuscular function. Secondary outcomes included quality of life, mood, acceptability and safety. Studies were assessed for methodological quality and recommendations were made using the GRADE system. RESULTS: Of 2469 identified studies, 13 (n = 322) were included in the review...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239256/assistive-technology-applications-for-students-with-reading-difficulties-special-education-teacher-s-experiences-and-perceptions
#2
Thomas Nordström, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: Reading and writing applications (with text-to-speech, TTS and speech-to-text, STT functions), used as assistive technology (AT) for students with reading difficulties are increasingly used in education, however, research has not sufficiently enough evaluated its potential. The purpose of this study was to explore how assistive reading and writing applications were perceived to function with regard to students' possibilities to assimilate (i.e., "read") and communicate (i...
September 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182780/patients-perspectives-of-multidisciplinary-home-based-e-health-service-delivery-for-motor-neurone-disease
#3
Natalie James, Emma Power, Anne Hogden, Steve Vucic
PURPOSE: To explore the views of people with motor neurone disease (MND) on the barriers, facilitators and potential benefits of using home-based e-Health service delivery (telehealth) to access MND multidisciplinary clinic care. METHODS: Twelve patients from three MND multidisciplinary clinics and an MND support association group completed a survey of information technology (IT) use and participated in interviews, to gather participants' experiences and perceptions of home-based telehealth for MND clinic care...
September 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132355/understanding-adherence-to-assistive-devices-among-older-adults-a-conceptual-review
#4
Joshua R Tuazon, Alhadi Jahan, Jeffrey W Jutai
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify and examine how existing literature has conceptualized adherence to assistive devices (ADs) among older adults. METHODS: English articles were searched in MEDLINE, PubMed, and CINAHL (January 1990 to October 2017) for the key words "acceptance", "adherence", "assistive devices", "compliance", "concept," and relevant synonyms. Bibliographies of selected articles were also examined...
August 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132353/development-of-an-unpowered-ankle-exoskeleton-for-walking-assist
#5
Justin Leclair, Scott Pardoel, Alexander Helal, Marc Doumit
AIM: Assistive technologies traditionally rely on either powered actuation or passive structures to provide increased strength, support or the ability to perform specific functions. At one end of the spectrum are powered exoskeletons, which significantly increase a user's strength, but require powerful actuators, complex control systems and heavy power sources. At the other end are orthoses, which are generally unpowered and light in weight, relying on the mechanical properties of passive mechanical elements...
August 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070927/a-systematic-review-of-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-provision-and-use-of-low-tech-and-unaided-aac-systems-for-people-with-complex-communication-needs-and-their-families
#6
A Moorcroft, N Scarinci, C Meyer
Speech-language pathologists may introduce augmentative or alternative communication (AAC) systems to people who are unable to use speech for everyday communication. Despite the benefits of AAC systems, they are significantly underutilized by the people with complex communication needs. The current review aimed to synthesize the barriers and facilitators to the provision and use of low-tech and unaided AAC systems.  Materials and methods: Relevant literature was identified via a systematic search strategy...
August 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044686/perception-of-needing-and-using-a-mobility-scooter-a-preclinically-disabled-non-scooter-user-perspective
#7
R Thoreau
PURPOSE: Older people experiencing a decline in their mobility often choose to use a mobility scooter. They are used by those with mobility impairments to enable them to travel independently and engage in activities outside the home. This project explored the perceptions of mobility scooters by older adults who experience mobility difficulties but do not use mobility scooters. It aimed to understand how scooters were perceived by this group to uncover any barriers to scooter use and to help in predicting future uptake...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044680/does-treadmill-training-with-hybrid-assistive-limb-hal-impact-the-quality-of-life-a-first-case-series-in-the-united-states
#8
Emre Yilmaz, Cameron K Schmidt, Angeli Mayadev, Tamir Tawfik, Kim Kobota, Ziadee Cambier, Daniel D Norvell, Jens Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Recently published studies show remarkable improvements in functional mobility after treadmill training with HAL® in patients with spinal cord injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HAL® -assisted treadmill training on quality of life. Patient/Method: A case series of six patients participating in a single-centre prospective, interventional pilot study, who were suffering neurologic motor deficits. The quality of life was assessed using the EQ-5D questionnaire and mobility was assessed using the PROMIS v1...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044676/shape-synthesis-of-an-assistive-knee-exoskeleton-device-to-support-knee-joint-and-rehabilitate-gait
#9
Ramanpreet Singh, Himanshu Chaudhary, Amit K Singh
PURPOSE: The assistive knee exoskeleton device is used for supporting the surrounding ligaments, tendons, and muscles of the injured knee joint. Various knee exoskeletons have been discussed; however, their shape synthesis is not reported. This study aims to present the shape synthesis of the assistive knee device. Moreover, four-bar linkage is used for the knee exoskeleton, in this study. METHODS: Clinical biomechanical data are adapted from gait database for one gait cycle...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044659/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-information-communication-technology-training-for-older-adults-implications-for-teaching-and-learning
#10
Sajay Arthanat, Kerryellen G Vroman, Catherine Lysack, Joseph Grizzetti
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research was to identify and conceptualize barriers and strategies for effective implementation of information communication technology (ICT) training for older adults. METHODS: A grounded theory approach was used to collect and analyze qualitative data from 61 participants in three stakeholder groups: older-adult ICT trainees, care providers and ICT trainers. RESULTS: Care providers expressed older adults' reluctance, lack of affinity, fears and socio-contextual attributes as barriers to overcome with ICT training...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996670/wheelchair-skills-training-for-occupational-therapy-students-comparison-of-university-course-versus-boot-camp-approaches
#11
Paula W Rushton, Geneviève Daoust
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that occupational therapy students who receive wheelchair skills training education using a distributed-practice university-course approach versus a condensed-practice boot-camp approach results in greater improvements post-intervention in relevant outcomes. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group design. SETTING: A university occupational therapy program. PARTICIPANTS: Occupational therapy students (experimental group) and recent occupational therapy graduates (control group) (N = 58)...
July 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#12
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334467/robot-assisted-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-a-systematic-scoping-review
#13
Hardeep Singh, Janelle Unger, José Zariffa, Maureen Pakosh, Susan Jaglal, B Catharine Craven, Kristin E Musselman
Abstact Purpose: To provide an overview of the feasibility and outcomes of robotic-assisted upper extremity training for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify gaps in current research and articulate future research directions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CCTR, CDSR, CINAHL and PubMed on June 7, 2017. Search terms included 3 themes: (1) robotics; (2) SCI; (3) upper extremity. Studies using robots for upper extremity rehabilitation among individuals with cervical SCI were included...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#14
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889764/can-technology-assisted-toilets-improve-hygiene-and-independence-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-cohort-study
#15
David Yachnin, Hillel Finestone, Ami Chin, Jeffrey Jutai
PURPOSE: To investigate whether technology-assisted toilets (TATs) could be used to improve toileting hygiene and independence for geriatric rehabilitation patients. TATs are commercially available toilet seats that use a stream of warm water to clean the user, have a fan for drying and are operated by a remote control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five geriatric rehabilitation in-patients were recruited, six completed the study, and seven partially completed the study...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853621/does-power-mobility-training-impact-a-child-s-mastery-motivation-and-spectrum-of-eeg-activity-an-exploratory-project
#16
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Naomi J Aldrich, Samhita Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purposes of this exploratory project were: (1) to evaluate the impact of power mobility training with a child who has multiple, severe impairments and (2) to determine if the child's spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) activity changed during power mobility training. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject A-B-A-B research design was conducted with a four-week duration for each phase. Two target behaviours were explored: (1) mastery motivation assessed via the dimensions of mastery questionnaire (DMQ) and (2) EEG data collected under various conditions...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853616/low-cost-assistive-technology-to-support-educational-activities-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Alan Patricio da Silva, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Blanca Elena Guerrero Daboin, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Vagner Rogério Dos Santos, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
INTRODUCTION: The concept of assistive technology covers several areas of action; one of them is communication with the elaboration of accessible solutions to overcome daily difficulties. It contributes to the resumption of functional abilities, expanding and facilitating inclusion and independent living. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the usability of a low cost prototype device to support educational activities of adolescents with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A descriptive observational study...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836873/adaptive-invention-independence-and-mobility-through-modifications
#18
Fatima Fanna Mairami, Pascale Allotey, Narelle Warren, Jun Shin Mak, Daniel Diamond Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of disability that limits everyday activities and reduces social participation. Provision of assistive devices helps to achieve independence and social inclusion. However, due to limited resources or a lack of suited objects for their needs, individuals with disabilities in low and middle income countries (LMIC) often do not have access to assistive devices. This has resulted in the creation of purpose built innovative solutions. Methodology and case content: This paper uses a single case derived from a larger ethnographic study of stroke survivors in rural Malaysia to demonstrate the role of assistive devices in shaping stroke recovery and how existing structures can be modified...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830267/google-home-smart-speaker-as-environmental-control-unit
#19
Kenichiro Noda
Environmental Control Units (ECU) are devices or a system that allows a person to control appliances in their home or work environment. Such system can be utilized by clients with physical and/or functional disability to enhance their ability to control their environment, to promote independence and improve their quality of life. Over the last several years, there have been an emergence of several inexpensive, commercially-available, voice activated smart speakers into the market such as Google Home and Amazon Echo...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830261/multiple-stakeholder-perceptions-of-assistive-technology-for-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-in-new-zealand
#20
Sarvnaz Taherian, Claire Davies
BACKGROUND: This study sought to gain an understanding of the experiences and perspectives of assistive technology from different stakeholders in technology adoption, in the New Zealand context. METHODS: A focus group was held with individuals with cerebral palsy (n = 5), service providers (n = 4), caregivers (n = 3) and a biomechanical engineer. The data recordings from the focus group were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Themes emerged around barriers imposed by the assessment process and training in assistive technology procedures, the influence of family members, the environment that assistive technology is used in, and psychosocial aspects of being able to participate and integrate into society...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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