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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157032/pain-fatigue-function-and-participation-among-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-partnered-with-a-mobility-service-dog
#1
Claude Vincent, Dany H Gagnon, Frédéric Dumont
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of a mobility service dog (MSD) on pain, fatigue, wheelchair-related functional tasks, participation and satisfaction among manual wheelchair users over a nine-month period. METHOD: A longitudinal study with repeated assessment times before and three, six and nine months after intervention was achieved. Intervention consisted in partnering each participant with a MSD. The setting is a well-established provincial service dog training school and participants homes...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130752/self-reported-difficulty-and-preferences-of-wheeled-mobility-device-users-for-simulated-low-floor-bus-boarding-interior-circulation-and-disembarking
#2
Clive D'Souza, Victor L Paquet, James A Lenker, Edward Steinfeld
BACKGROUND: Low ridership of public transit buses among wheeled mobility device users suggests the need to identify vehicle design conditions that are either particularly accommodating or challenging. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of low-floor bus interior seating configuration and passenger load on wheeled mobility device user-reported difficulty, overall acceptability and design preference. METHODS: Forty-eight wheeled mobility users evaluated three interior design layouts at two levels of passenger load (high vs...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124971/motor-learning-from-virtual-reality-to-natural-environments-in-individuals-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#3
Virgínia Helena Quadrado, Talita Dias da Silva, Francis Meire Favero, James Tonks, Thais Massetti, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
PURPOSE: To examine whether performance improvements in the virtual environment generalize to the natural environment. STUDY DESIGN: we had 64 individuals, 32 of which were individuals with DMD and 32 were typically developing individuals. METHODS: The groups practiced two coincidence timing tasks. In the more tangible button-press task, the individuals were required to 'intercept' a falling virtual object at the moment it reached the interception point by pressing a key on the computer...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116866/functional-changes-through-the-usage-of-3d-printed-transitional-prostheses-in-children
#4
Jorge M Zuniga, Jean L Peck, Rakesh Srivastava, James E Pierce, Drew R Dudley, Nicholas A Than, Nicholas Stergiou
INTRODUCTION: There is limited knowledge on the use of 3 D-printed transitional prostheses, as they relate to changes in function and strength. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify functional and strength changes after usage of 3 D-printed transitional prostheses for multiple weeks for children with upper-limb differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gross manual dexterity was assessed using the Box and Block Test and wrist strength was measured using a dynamometer...
November 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094628/from-international-assistive-technology-professional-organisations
#5
Natasha A Layton, Roger O Smith, Peter Cudd, Sangmin Lee, Etsumi Okigawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092651/virtual-community-centre-for-power-wheelchair-training-experience-of-children-and-clinicians
#6
Caryne Torkia, Stephen E Ryan, Denise Reid, Patrick Boissy, Martin Lemay, François Routhier, Resi Contardo, Janet Woodhouse, Phillipe S Archambault
PURPOSE: To: 1) characterize the overall experience in using the McGill immersive wheelchair - community centre (miWe-CC) simulator; and 2) investigate the experience of presence (i.e., sense of being in the virtual rather than in the real, physical environment) while driving a PW in the miWe-CC. METHOD: A qualitative research design with structured interviews was used. Fifteen clinicians and 11 children were interviewed after driving a power wheelchair (PW) in the miWe-CC simulator...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092649/evaluation-of-the-keeogo%C3%A2-dermoskeleton
#7
Jonathan C Mcleod, Susie Jm Ward, Audrey L Hicks
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the specific functional characteristics of individuals with neurological impairments that may predict successful use of Keeogo™ dermoskeleton and (2) to quantify the specific benefit Keeogo™ provides to a regular user of the device. METHODS: Thirteen individuals (seven males; six females; 52 ± 4.6 years old) with mobility impairments due to neurological disease or injury were recruited. Berg Balance Sale (BBS) score and Timed Up and Go (TUG) performance were used to identify baseline characteristics in participants...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092684/wheelchair-service-provision-education-and-training-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#8
Elizabeth McSweeney, Rosemary Joan Gowran
PURPOSE: Improving access to education and training for those providing wheelchair and seating assistive technology to meet personal posture and mobility requirements, as a basic human right, is a priority. This review considers education and training available to personnel within low and lower middle income countries (LLMIC), to ascertain where gaps in knowledge exist and identify human resource education priorities. METHOD: A scoping review, mapping out existing scientific and grey literature within the field between 1993 and 2017 was conducted...
November 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092683/motor-performance-of-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-in-a-virtual-game-using-a-mobile-phone
#9
Juliana Nobre de Paula, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Talita Dias da Silva, Camila Miliani Capelini, Lilian Del Cielo de Menezes, Thais Massetti, James Tonks, Suzanna Watson, Alessandro Hervaldo Nicolai Ré
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a permanent disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage to the immature and developing brain. Research has shown that Virtual Reality (VR) technology can be used in rehabilitation to support the acquisition of motor skills and the achievement of functional tasks. The aim of this study was to explore for improvements in the performance of individuals with CP with practice in the use of a virtual game on a mobile phone and to compare their performance with that of the control group...
November 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082797/adaptive-equipment-use-by-people-with-motor-neuron-disease-in-australia-a-prospective-observational-consecutive-cohort-study
#10
Karol A Connors, Lisa M Mahony, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: People with motor neuron sisease require adaptive equipment to enhance life quality. This study aimed to examine total and concurrent equipment items prescribed with phenotype consideration. METHODS: A prospective, observational consecutive cohort study was undertaken. Data regarding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-Revised, phenotype, symptom onset and Functional Independence Measure (inpatients only) was recorded. Equipment utilized was coded by therapist as: speech devices; transfer devices; mobility devices (including power wheelchairs); orthoses; activities of daily living equipment; assisted technology and home modification equipment...
October 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072545/comparison-of-seating-powered-characteristics-and-functions-and-costs-of-electrically-powered-wheelchairs-in-a-general-population-of-users
#11
Michael John Dolan, Megan Jennifer Bolton, Graham Iain Henderson
PURPOSE: To profile and compare the seating and powered characteristics and functions of electrically powered wheelchairs (EPWs) in a general user population including equipment costs. METHOD: Case notes of adult EPW users of a regional NHS service were reviewed retrospectively. Seating equipment complexity and type were categorized using the Edinburgh classification. Powered characteristics and functions, including control device type, were recorded. RESULTS: 482 cases were included; 53...
October 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072542/a-critical-review-of-hearing-aid-single-microphone-noise-reduction-studies-in-adults-and-children
#12
Foong Yen Chong, Lorienne M Jenstad
PURPOSE: Single-microphone noise reduction (SMNR) is implemented in hearing aids to suppress background noise. The purpose of this article was to provide a critical review of peer-reviewed studies in adults and children with sensorineural hearing loss who were fitted with hearing aids incorporating SMNR. METHOD: Articles published between 2000 and 2016 were searched in PUBMED and EBSCO databases. RESULTS: Thirty-two articles were included in the final review...
October 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063800/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-programme-to-support-problem-solving-skills-following-brain-injury
#13
Laurie Ehlhardt Powell, Michelle R Wild, Ann Glang, Summer Ibarra, Jeff M Gau, Amanda Perez, Richard W Albin, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Shari L Wade, Tom Keating, Carolyn Saraceno, Jody Slocumb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cognitive impairments following brain injury, including difficulty with problem solving, can pose significant barriers to successful community reintegration. Problem-solving strategy training is well-supported in the cognitive rehabilitation literature. However, limitations in insurance reimbursement have resulted in fewer services to train such skills to mastery and to support generalization of those skills into everyday environments. The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an integrated, web-based programme, ProSolv, which uses a small number of coaching sessions to support problem solving in everyday life following brain injury...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037109/the-process-of-co-creating-the-interface-for-venster-an-interactive-artwork-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#14
Gaston Jamin, Tom Luyten, Rob Delsing, Susy Braun
INTRODUCTION: Interactive art installations might engage nursing home residents with dementia. The main aim of this article was to describe the challenging design process of an interactive artwork for nursing home residents, in co-creation with all stakeholders and to share the used methods and lessons learned. This process is illustrated by the design of the interface of VENSTER as a case. METHODS: Nursing home residents from the psychogeriatric ward, informal caregivers, client representatives, health care professionals and members of the management team were involved in the design process, which consisted of three phases: (1) identify requirements, (2) develop a prototype and (3) conduct usability tests...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034760/correction-to-the-wheelchair-use-confidence-scale-italian-translation-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-short-form
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017361/haptic-assistive-technologies-for-audition-and-vision-sensory-disabilities
#16
Francesca Sorgini, Renato Caliò, Maria Chiara Carrozza, Calogero Maria Oddo
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to analyze haptic sensory substitution technologies for deaf, blind and deaf-blind individuals. METHOD: The literature search has been performed in Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar databases using selected keywords, analyzing studies from 1960s to present. Search on databases for scientific publications has been accompanied by web search for commercial devices. Results have been classified by sensory disability and functionality, and analyzed by assistive technology...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988511/adaptation-for-participation
#17
Berit Gjessing, Reidun Birgitta Jahnsen, Liv Inger Strand, Eli Natvik
PURPOSE: To explore children's experiences with testing, acquiring and using assistive devices. METHODS: Nine children (six boys, three girls, 9-12 years old, with different physical disability and activity experience, participated in semistructured interviews. The interviews were audio-taped, transcribed and analysed using Systematic text condensation. RESULTS: Assistive devices were reported to contribute to cope activities that the children otherwise would not have participated in...
October 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984507/anterior-or-posterior-walkers-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#18
Marilyn Poole, Doug Simkiss, Alice Rose, François-Xavier Li
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature comparing use of anterior and posterior walkers (PW's) by children with cerebral palsy (CP) to determine which walker type is preferable. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched using pre-defined terms by two independent reviewers. Reference lists of included studies were hand searched. Studies published between 1985 and 2016 comparing use of anterior and PW's by children with CP were included. All study designs and outcomes were accepted...
October 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974119/frontal-plane-pelvis-and-hip-kinematics-of-transfemoral-amputee-gait-effect-of-a-prosthetic-foot-with-active-ankle-dorsiflexion-and-individualized-training-a-case-study
#19
Anna Armannsdottir, Roy Tranberg, Gudfinna Halldorsdottir, Kristin Briem
Following a transfemoral amputation (TFA), numerous changes in movement patterns during gait can occur. Frontal plane hip and pelvis compensatory strategies are recognized among individuals with a TFA, some thought to aid in safe foot clearance during the swing phase of gait. The aim of this case study was to evaluate the effect of an active ankle dorsiflexion provided by a microprocessor-controlled prosthetic foot, as well as the effect of individualized training on these parameters. In this case study, a 42-year-old male underwent 3 D gait analysis...
October 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958175/the-impact-of-lower-limb-prosthetic-limb-use-in-international-c4-track-para-cycling
#20
Bryce Dyer
An investigation was undertaken to ascertain any impact or significance of athletes within the C4 paracycling classification between those who use a lower-limb prostheses and those who do not. A statistical evaluation of event completion time was undertaken to assess C4 cyclists when competing at the World Championships and the Paralympic Games in the 1 km track time trial. The C4 athletes who utilize a prostheses consistently outperformed non-amputees in the C4 classification from 2011 to 2016 on a competition-to-competition basis...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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