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Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology

Paula W Rushton, Geneviève Daoust
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that occupational therapy students who receive wheelchair skills training education using a distributed-practice university-course approach versus a condensed-practice boot-camp approach results in greater improvements post-intervention in relevant outcomes. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group design. SETTING: A university occupational therapy program. PARTICIPANTS: Occupational therapy students (experimental group) and recent occupational therapy graduates (control group) (N = 58)...
July 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
M H Nurhanisah, M Jawaid, Raja Ahmad Azmeer, M T Paridah
This study describes a newly developed prosthetic leg socket design for a below-knee amputation. Excessive heat and the resulted perspiration within a prosthetic socket were the most common causes for reporting a reduced quality of life for prosthetic users. The product namely AirCirc means air circulation and it has been designed by approach of medical device design process in providing the amputees to maintain the skin temperature inside the socket. This device has been designed to provide the amputees with comfort and ultimate breathable...
June 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
R Lee Kirby, Amira Aggour, Audrey Chen, Cher Smith, Chris Theriault, Kara Matheson
PURPOSE: The tilt-rest skill consists of tipping the wheelchair back and allowing it to rest against a solid object with the wheel locks applied (e.g., for pressure redistribution, neck comfort or hands-free activities). The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of experienced manual wheelchair users who are aware of this skill and who can perform it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 49 manual wheelchair users using a questionnaire developed for the purpose...
June 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Gina Bertocci, Craig Smalley, Amanda Page, Carmen Digiovine
OBJECTIVE: To compare the kinetics of manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion on ramps of varying slopes that may be encountered when accessing large accessible transit vehicles (LATVs). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Biomechanics research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of able-bodied adults (n = 7) having no propulsion experience propelled a MWC on ramps of slope 3.5°, 9.5° and 15°. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
June 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Amanda Fleury, Gloria Wu, Tom Chau
PURPOSE: Existing speech generating devices (SGD) often require caregiver intervention for setup and positioning, and thus limit opportunities for spontaneous social interaction. The advent of conductive fabrics presents an opportunity to render SGDs wearable, thus persistently available. Our goal was to design and test a wearable SGD incorporating resistive textile-based switches for a nonverbal pediatric participant with vision impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quad-key fabric keypads were designed using two conductive fabrics in combination with felt and mesh insulators...
May 26, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Helena Tegler, Mia Pless, Monica Blom Johansson, Karin Sonnander
PURPOSE: This study examined speech and language pathologists' (SLPs') perceptions and practices of communication partner training with high-tech speech generating devices (SGDs). METHOD: Fifteen SLPs were recruited throughout Sweden. The SLPs answered a study-specific questionnaire on communication partner training in relation to communication partners to children with severe cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. The results were analysed with descriptive statistics (closed-ended questions, responses on Likert scales) and content analysis (open-ended question) using ICF-CY...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Amin Amini, Konstantinos Banitsas, William R Young
Parkinson's is a neurodegenerative condition associated with several motor symptoms including tremors and slowness of movement. Freezing of gait (FOG); the sensation of one's feet being "glued" to the floor, is one of the most debilitating symptoms associated with advanced Parkinson's. FOG not only contributes to falls and related injuries, but also compromises quality of life as people often avoid engaging in functional daily activities both inside and outside the home. In the current study, we describe a novel system designed to detect FOG and falling in people with Parkinson's (PwP) as well as monitoring and improving their mobility using laser-based visual cues cast by an automated laser system...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Keri S McMullan, Mary Butler
PURPOSE: Older adults with low vision are a growing population with rehabilitation needs including support with community mobility to enable community participation. Some older adults with low vision choose to use mobility scooters to mobilize within their community, but there is limited research about the use by people with low vision. This paper describes a pilot study and asks the question: what are the experiences of persons with low vision who use mobility scooters? METHODS: This study gathered the experiences of four participants with low vision, aged 51 and over, who regularly use mobility scooters...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger, Anisha Gill, Sarah Ekerholm Biester
PURPOSE: Although the DEKA Arm promises new abilities, it is unclear if women with upper limb amputation are willing to avail themselves of this new technology. The study purpose was to understand key factors and tradeoffs that shape women's attitudes towards the DEKA Arm. METHODS: This case series includes three women with transradial amputation. Structured surveys and semi-guided interviews were administered after completion of in-laboratory training and a home trial of the DEKA Arm...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Alice De Luca, Honoré Vernetti, Cristina Capra, Ivano Pisu, Cinzia Cassiano, Laura Barone, Federica Gaito, Federica Danese, Giovanni Antonio Checchia, Carmelo Lentino, Psiche Giannoni, Maura Casadio
BACKGROUND: Gait re-education is a primary rehabilitation goal after stroke. In the last decades, robots with different mechanical structures have been extensively used in the clinical practice for gait training of stroke survivors. However, the effectiveness of robotic training is still controversial, especially for chronic subjects. In this study, we investigated the short-term effects of gait training assisted by an endpoint robot in a population of chronic stroke survivors. METHODS: Subjects were evaluated before and after training with clinical scales and instrumented gait analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Kiran Ragoo, Vashish Sirjoosingh, Shreedevi Sahadeo, Boppana V Chowdary, Chris Maharaj
This research entailed the development and prototyping of a bespoke assistive device for a subject who was a local pool and billiards championship player. The subject was diagnosed with a brain tumor and had to undergo surgery followed by chemotherapy to completely remove the mass in the brain. Following this, there was some loss in motor skills on the right side of his body affecting his gait and grip on objects and his ability to play pool and billiards. Concepts were developed to enable the subject to regain some form...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Fabrizio Stasolla, Alessandro O Caffò, Viviana Perilli, Adele Boccasini, Rita Damiani, Fiora D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology for promoting adaptive skills of children with cerebral palsy. To assess its effects on positive participation of ten participants involved. To carry out a social validation recruiting parents, physiotherapists and support teachers as external raters. METHOD: A multiple probe design was implemented for Studies I and II. Study I involved five participants exposed to a combined program aimed at enhancing choice process of preferred items and locomotion fluency...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Diego Passuni, Elisa Dalzotto, Christian F Gath, Eliana Buffetti, Milagros Elizalde, Verónica Jarmoluk, Maria J Russo, Silvia Intruvini, Lisandro E Olmos, Orestes Freixes
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: The majority of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are dependent on wheelchair for their mobility. Approximately, 36% of wheelchair users reported that obstacles such as curbs, uneven terrain, flooring surfaces and thresholds were barriers to mobility. Several studies have shown that assessment and training of wheelchair skills leads to improvements in those skills. The purpose of our study was to translate the Wheelchair Skill Test (4...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Matthew Evan Sprong, Bryan Dallas, Erina Paul, Michelle Xia
PURPOSE: The primary goal of the study was to evaluate how the use of rehabilitation technology impacted closure status for consumers receiving services in fiscal year (FY) 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA-911) Case Service Report FY 2014 archival dataset was obtained from the U.S. Department of Education (2014) and secondary analyses was performed for this study. RSA-911 archival data is updated on an annual basis and consists of all state-federal rehabilitation consumers who were served in the specific fiscal year...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Roger O Smith, Marcia J Scherer, Rory Cooper, Diane Bell, David A Hobbs, Cecilia Pettersson, Nicky Seymour, Johan Borg, Michelle J Johnson, Joseph P Lane, S Sujatha, Pvm Rao, Qussai M Obiedat, Malcolm MacLachlan, Stephen Bauer
This paper is based on work from the Global Research, Innovation, and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit that was coordinated by WHO's Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology (GATE). The purpose of this paper is to describe the needs and opportunities embedded in the assistive product lifecycle as well as issues relating to the various stages of assistive product mobilization worldwide. The paper discusses assistive technology product terminology and the dangers of focusing on products outside the context and rolling out products without a plan...
July 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Malcolm MacLachlan, David Banes, Diane Bell, Johan Borg, Brian Donnelly, Michael Fembek, Ritu Ghosh, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Emma Hannay, Diana Hiscock, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Tracey Howe, Friedbert Kohler, Natasha Layton, Siobhán Long, Hasheem Mannan, Gubela Mji, Thomas Odera Ongolo, Katherine Perry, Cecilia Pettersson, Jessica Power, Vinicius Delgado Ramos, Lenka Slepičková, Emma M Smith, Kiu Tay-Teo, Priscille Geiser, Hilary Hooks
Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program...
July 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Malcolm MacLachlan, Marcia J Scherer
The area of assistive technology has a long history of technological ingenuity and innovation. In order to ensure that the benefits of assistive technology are equitably distributed across the population and life course, it is necessary to adopt a systemic approach to the area. We describe examples of systems thinking and non-systems thinking across 10 Ps. These Ps are People (or users, as the primary beneficiaries of assistive technology), Policy, Products, Personnel, Provision (as key strategic drivers at systems level); and Procurement, Place, Pace, Promotion and Partnership (as key situational factors for systems)...
July 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Marcia J Scherer, Malcolm MacLachlan, Chapal Khasnabis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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