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African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557355/anti-smooth-muscle-antibodies-and-liver-enzymes-in-differentiation-of-extrahepatic-biliary-atresia-and-idiopathic-neonatal-hepatitis-concern-in-laboratory-medicine-view
#1
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557354/post-varicella-necrotising-fasciitis
#2
LETTER
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557353/intraperitoneal-cerebrospinal-fluid-pseudocyst-with-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#3
Mohammad Sadegh Masoudi, Marziye Rasafian, Zahra Naghmehsanj, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is mostly used in the treatment of hydrocephalus and many complications have been reported with this method. Abdominal Pseudocyst (APC) are relatively uncommon but important complications in patients with VP shunts. We herein report the case of a 9-year-old boy with VP shunt who presented with abdominal distension, abdominal pain, malaise, and decrease of appetite. Abdominal pelvic computed tomography confirmed a diagnosis of APC. Laparotomy was done and VP shunt was placed into the other side of peritoneal cavity again...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557352/congenital-absence-of-jejunum-and-ileum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Prasanta Kumar Tripathy, Banoj Kumar Ray, Hiranya Kishore Mohanty
We report an extremely rare finding 'congenital absence of jejunum and ileum' during explorative laparotomy of a 16-day-old female neonate. The dilated duodenum was terminating blindly, and the next segment of intestine was a peanut-sized cecum followed by microcolon. On an extensive survey of literature this type of intestinal atresia is not reported in living babies.
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557351/acute-mechanical-intestinal-obstruction-in-children-at-zinder-national-hospital-niger-aetiologies-and-prognosis
#5
Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Oumarou Habou, Ousseini Adakal, Kabirou Ganiou, Magagi Amadou
Background: To describe the aetiological and prognostic aspects of acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) in children at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on a period to January 2013-June 2015. The database included all children under 15 years of age with a surgical diagnosis of mechanical intestinal obstruction. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for analysis. Results: AMIOs represent 21...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557350/acute-presentation-of-koch-s-abdomen-in-children-our-experience
#6
Basant Kumar, Vijai Dutta Upadhyaya, Sandeep Kumar Rahul, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Background: To analyse our experience with acute presentations of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) in children for early diagnosis and management. Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to April 2016, available electronic and operation theatre (OT) records of 17 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal TB were analysed retrospectively. Parameters reviewed were age, sex, presentations, diagnostic investigations, surgery/intervention performed, final outcome and follow-up...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557349/oral-and-maxillofacial-tumours-in-children-and-adolescents-clinicopathologic-audit-of-75-cases-in-an-academic-medical-centre-sokoto-northwest-nigeria
#7
Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Mutiat Feyisetan Obileye, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Idris Kabiru Jaja
Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region. Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511138/reoperation-of-anastomotic-stricture-after-oesophageal-atresia-repair-an-uncommon-event
#8
A L Azakpa, O M Moulot, M Ehua, R Bankole-Sanni
Oesophageal atresia is a common malformation in which the survival rate in developed countries is around 90%, while its mortality remains very high in developing countries. Oesophageal stricture post-oesophageal atresia repair is traditionally treated by non-surgical approach. However, surgical resection of the oesophageal stricture may be necessary after the failure of dilations. We report one case of refractory oesophageal stricture post-EA repair in a 3-year-old girl, who underwent oesophageal atresia Type III repair at 11-day-old...
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511137/unusual-ileal-anomalies-associated-with-omphalomesenteric-duct-remnants
#9
Mohamed Ouladsaiad, Najoua Aballa, El Ouafi El Aouni Kamili, Karima Fouraiji
The association between omphalomesenteric duct remnants and other digestive tract malformations is not rare. Most associated anomalies are reported with Meckel's diverticulum. We report two associated anomalies which were never reported: an ileal stenosis and an ileal duplication. Surgeons must be aware of associated anomalies to prevent post-operative complications.
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511136/one-or-two-stages-procedure-for-repair-of-rectovestibular-fistula-which-is-safer-a-single-institution-experience
#10
Mohammed Khalifa, Khalid Shreef, Mohammad Ahmad Al Ekrashy, Tarek Abdelazim Gobran
Background: Rectovestibular fistula (RVF) is the most common type of anorectal malformations in females. The need for a diverting colostomy during correction of defect has ignited a heated debate. In this study, we reviewed the girls with RVF that had been treated by either one or two stage procedure in the past 10 years in our institution to define whether one stage or two stage procedures is safer and more beneficial for the patients. Materials and Methods: Seventy girls with RVF that had been operated from January 2005 to January 2015 were studied retrospectively...
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511135/retroperitoneoscopic-varicocelectomy-in-adolescents-long-term-follow-up-in-two-italian-centres
#11
Molinaro Francesco, Cobellis Giovanni, Cerchia Elisa, Ferrara Francesco, Tallarico Rosella, Sica Marina, Noviello Carmine, Martino Ascanio, Angotti Rossella, Messina Mario
Background: The varicocele is the most commonly diagnosed pre-pubertal andrological condition with an incidence of 10%-15% between adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic varicocelectomy (RV) in two Italian centres with particular attention to post-operative testicular volume and semen analysis after 18 years of life. Materials and Methods: From 1999 to 2010, 286 adolescents underwent retroperitoneoscopic left varicocelectomy...
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511134/factors-associated-with-the-risk-of-persistent-gastrostomy-site-infection-following-laparoscopic-or-open-nissen-fundoplication
#12
Hisayuki Miyagi, Shohei Honda, Masahi Minato, Tadao Okada, Akinobu Taketomi
Background: Gastrostomy for feeding disorders or swallowing dysfunctions can be complicated by persistent gastrostomy site infection (PGSI). PGSI causes nutrient leakage, with dilated PGSI requiring gastrostomy reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the causes, patient characteristics, and perioperative management of PGSI after Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy for patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux. Patients and Methods: The records of all patients who underwent Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy for gastro-oesophageal reflux over the past 12 years were retrieved...
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487272/erratum-transanal-protrusion-of-intussusception-in-children
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.137331].
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487271/pre-exposure-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-dog-bites
#14
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487270/successful-reconstruction-of-congenital-perineal-skin-defect-using-gluteal-fold-bilobed-perforator-flap
#15
Masaki Fujioka, Kenji Hayashida, Hiroto Saijo
Perineovaginorectal defect usually requires surgical repair; however, direct closure often leads to dehiscence. We present two patients with a congenital perineal skin defect who were successfully treated using a gluteal-fold bilobed perforator flap. This flap facilitates esthetic restoration and a more natural perineovaginorectal appearance, using only a one-stage procedure. This technique may be a favorable option for perineal and genital repair.
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487269/chronic-recurrent-vomiting-associated-with-primary-gastric-volvulus-in-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
REVIEW
Maheshkumar Manilal Vaghela, Amit Kumar Sinha, Bindey Kumar, Prem Kumar
Gastric volvulus is an uncommon entity found in the paediatric population. We are reporting a case of chronic gastric volvulus presented to us with the complaints of recurrent vomiting after each feed. The vomiting was projectile, nonbilious, and the content was milk. The patient was evaluated by clinical and radiological means in the form of the X-ray abdomen, ultrasound abdomen, upper gastrointestinal (GI) contrast study, and computed tomography scan of the abdomen. The upper GI contrast study was suggestive of gastric volvulus...
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487268/delayed-primary-end-to-end-anastomosis-for-traumatic-long-segment-urethral-stricture-and-its-short-term-outcomes
#17
Rajarshi Kumar, Kartik Chandra Mandal, Pankaj Halder, Shibsankar Barman, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Biswanath Mukhopadhyay
Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the aetiology of posterior urethral stricture in children and analysis of results after delayed primary repair with extensive distal urethral mobilisation. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre from January 2009 to December 2013. Results: Eight children with median age 7.5 years (range 4-11 years), underwent delayed anastomotic urethroplasty: Six through perineal and two through combined perineal and transpubic approach...
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487267/is-the-plastibell-of-any-haemostatic-value-after-24-h
#18
Sylvester O Ikhisemojie, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Chris O Bode, Bolaji O Mofikoya
Background: The Plastibell is the most popular circumcision method among mothers in our city. Haemorrhage is its major problem. At our centre, we have recorded many circumcision problems resulting from prolonged retention of the Plastibell ring and this study, therefore, sought to explore the ways of reducing complications resulting from prolonged retention of the ring. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective study, in which a total of sixty consecutive male neonates were recruited with all undergoing circumcision using the Plastibell device...
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487266/paediatric-ureterolithotripsy-tips-and-tricks-experience-at-a-single-center
#19
Milind Prabhakarrao Joshi, Priti Subhash Zade, Bhavesh H Doshi, Mahendra S Gavai
Background: Paediatric stone disease is very common in certain regions of India. Traditionally, the endourology for the stones even in paediatric age group is managed by adult urologist and paediatric surgeons tend to do open surgeries. The nonavailability of paediatric size equipments and lack of training at the teaching and tertiary care paediatric surgical centers in India are factors due to which there is continued apathy of paediatric surgeons to endourology. The aim of this study was to discuss the feasibility of paediatric ureterolithotripsy for successful procedure...
January 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051057/neonatal-neuroblastoma-with-adrenal-primary-and-metastasis-to-the-liver-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Oladipo Omoseebi, Mosebolatan Olatokunboh Odubanjo, Olakanmi Ralph Akinde, Nzechukwu Z Ikeri, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Adekunle A O Adeyomoye
We report the case of a 23-day-old neonate with neuroblastoma (NBL) in the right adrenal gland and widespread metastases to the liver. This raises the possibility of foetal NBL, which was missed during periodic ultrasonography done during the mother's pregnancy. We hope that this report would increase the awareness of physicians about foetal, congenital and neonatal NBL; and of sonographers about space-occupying lesions in the foetus. The clinicopathologic features and the management of neonatal NBL are discussed...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
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