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International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642363/in-silico-analysis-annotation-and-characterisation-of-putative-ests-from-sorghum-bicolor-associated-with-heat-stress
#1
Gobind Ram, Arun Dev Sharma
Owing to their sessile nature, plants experience a variety of environmental stresses, but tolerance to these adverse conditions is a very complex phenomenon. Among all stresses, heat stress is the most important constraint that affects plant yield in rain-fed areas. To shed some light on candidate genes involved in heat stress, sequences potentially associated with heat shock resistance were retrieved and identified by in silico analysis using the public sequence database of various plants. A total of 30,000 EST sequences were mined and 24 putative ESTs associated with heat stress were picked up for further studies...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642362/docking-analysis-of-gallic-acid-derivatives-as-hiv-1-protease-inhibitors
#2
Anjali Singh, Tapan Kumar Pal
HIV-1 Protease (HIV-1 PR) enzymes are essential for accurate assembly and maturation of infectious HIV retroviruses. The significant role of HIV-1 protease in viral replication has made it a potential drug target. In the recent past, phytochemical Gallic Acid (GA) derivatives have been screened for protease inhibitor activity. The present work aims to design and evaluate potential GA-based HIV-1 PR phytoinhibitors by docking approach. The ligands were prepared by ChemDraw and docking was performed in HEX software...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642361/automatic-segmentation-of-potyviridae-family-polyproteins
#3
Jheyson Faride Vargas, Jairo Andrés Velasco, Gloria Inés Alvarez, Diego Luis Linares, Enrique Bravo
We describe an automatic segmentation method for polyproteins of the viruses belonging to the Potyviridae family. It uses machine learning techniques in order to predict the cleavage site which define the segments in which said polyproteins are cut in their process of functional maturation. The segmentation application is publicly available for use on a website and it can be accessed through the web service interface too. The prediction models have an average sensitivity of 0.79 and a Matthews correlation coefficient average of 0...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642360/neural-network-and-rough-set-hybrid-scheme-for-prediction-of-missing-associations
#4
A Anitha, D P Acharjya
Currently, internet is the best tool for distributed computing, which involves spreading of data geographically. But, retrieving information from huge data is critical and has no relevance unless it provides certain information. Prediction of missing associations can be viewed as fundamental problems in machine learning where the main objective is to determine decisions for the missing associations. Mathematical models such as naive Bayes structure, human composed network structure, Bayesian network modelling, etc...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642359/on-the-interconnection-of-stable-protein-complexes-inter-complex-hubs-and-their-conservation-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-homo-sapiens-networks
#5
Concettina Guerra
Protein complexes are key molecular entities that perform a variety of essential cellular functions. The connectivity of proteins within a complex has been widely investigated with both experimental and computational techniques. We developed a computational approach to identify and characterise proteins that play a role in interconnecting complexes. We computed a measure of inter-complex centrality, the crossroad index, based on disjoint paths connecting proteins in distinct complexes and identified inter-complex hubs as proteins with a high value of the crossroad index...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642358/diversity-and-evolution-of-the-envelope-gene-of-dengue-virus-type-1-circulating-in-india-in-recent-times
#6
Sumanta Dey, Ashesh Nandy, Papiya Nandy, Sukhen Das
Dengue viral attacks have been reported in various parts of India in recent years. In this paper we report on our studies of the characterisation and evolutionary aspects of gene sequences of the envelope glycoprotein of the prevalent Indian dengue virus type 1. Comparison with sequences from other countries shows that the envelope genes identified in India are closely related to strains from Malaysia. From the evolutionary point of view the envelope gene sequences of this dengue virus of India for past few years show that a marked mutational shift in the nucleotide sequences of the envelope gene have taken place from around the year 2000...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561320/is-hnf4a-a-candidate-to-study-zinc-finger-protein-slug
#7
Prashanth Suravajhala, Tiratha Raj Singh
Protein-Protein Interactions (PPI) play a crucial role in deciphering function besides identifying candidates. While the experimental analysis is often time consuming involving number of experiments like pulldown assays, they are not necessarily limiting the ability to detect novel protein interactors. In this work, we discuss the role and putative interactors of SNAI2, a slug protein which is involved in the development of cancer progression. The protein interactions have been deciphered by domain pair exclusion method which gives confidence to already precluded interaction pairs...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561319/opposite-nucleotide-usage-biases-in-different-parts-of-the-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-spac-gene
#8
Vladislav Victorovich Khrustalev, Eugene Victorovich Barkovsky, Valentina Leonidovna Kolodkina, Tatyana Aleksandrovna Khrustaleva
In this work we described a bacterial open reading frame with two different directions of nucleotide usage biases in its two parts. The level of GC-content in third codon positions (3GC) is equal to 40.17 ± 0.22% during the most of the length of Corynebacterium diphtheriae spaC gene. However, in the 3'-end of the same gene (from codon #1600 to codon #1873) 3GC level is equal to 64.61 ± 0.91%. Using original methodology ('VVTAK Sliding window' and 'VVTAK VarInvar') we approved that there is an ongoing mutational AT-pressure during the most of the length of spaC gene (up to codon #1599), and there is an ongoing mutational G-pressure in the 3′-end of spaC...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561318/receptor-based-3d-qsar-approach-to-find-selectivity-features-of-flexible-similar-binding-sites-case-study-on-mmp-12-mmp-13
#9
Farzin Hadizadeh, Jamal Shamsara
Design of selective matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) inhibitors is still a challenging task because of binding pocket similarities and flexibility among MMPs family. To overcome this issue we try to generate a (three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship) 3D-QSAR model that might reflect, at least in part, the differential properties of MMP-12 and MMP-13 active sites compared to each other. The different alignment rules were applied for CoMFA/CoMSIA model development. In an approach the best docked poses were followed by alignment based on their zinc binding group...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561317/an-interactomic-approach-for-identification-of-putative-drug-targets-in-listeria-monocytogenes
#10
Nikita Chordia, Nilesh Kumar Sharma, Anil Kumar
A wide variety of human population is infected with Listeria monocytogenes, which causes listeriosis, a deadly disease with mortality rate of about 30%. The major hindrance to cure listeriosis is the unavailability of specific or selectable drug targets. At present, antibiotics used to cure the disease are not specific and insufficient to manage the disease efficiently. Therefore, in order to search specific drugs, here, we used interactome analysis to search specific drug targets which may provide novel templates for drug designing having better efficacy without any potential adverse effects...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561316/classification-of-pcr-sscp-bands-in-t2dm-by-probabilistic-neural-network-a-reliable-tool
#11
A R S Badarinath, A Raja Das, Sreya Mazumder, Riya Banerjee, Pratyusa Chakraborty, Radha Saraswathy
A Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) is a statistical algorithm and consists of a grouping of multi-class data. The conventional method of detection of DNA mutations by the human eye may not detect the minute variations in PCR-SSCP bands, which may lead to false positive or false negative results. The detection by photographic images may contain a blare (noise) caused during the time of photography; therefore, image processing techniques were used to reduce image noise. PCR-SSCP gels of T2DM patients (n = 100) and controls (n = 100) were initially photographed with equal ratio of pixels and later subjected to a two-stage analysis: feature extraction and PNN...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561315/a-cohesive-analysis-of-dna-rna-sequences-via-entropy-energetics-and-spectral-domain-methods-to-assess-genomic-features-across-single-viral-diversity
#12
Perambur S Neelakanta, Sharmistha Chatterjee, Mirjana Pavlovic
In virology context, a particular virus may prevail in different forms of serotypes (as in the case of dengue 1-4 viral strains) with common and distinct genomic features. Finding such genomic details of a serogroup is useful in knowing related information for unique vaccine designs compatible for immunity across the viral diversity. For robust comparison of genomes of serovars of a virus in order to decide on their common and differential genomic details, proposed here is a set of sequence analyses exercised side-by-side via entropy, energetic and spectral-domain methods...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561022/analysing-extremely-small-sized-ratio-datasets
#13
Piero Ricchiuto, Judy C G Sng, Wilson Wen Bin Goh
The naïve use of expression ratios in high-throughput biological studies can greatly limit analytical outcome especially when sample size is small. In the worst-case scenario, with only one reference and one test state each (often due to the severe lack of study material); such limitations make it difficult to perform statistically meaningful analysis. Workarounds include the single sample Z-test or through network inference. Here, we describe a complementary plot-based approach for analysing such extremely small sized ratio (ESSR) data - a generalisation of the Bland-Altman plot, which we shall refer to as the Dodeca-Panels...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561021/impact-of-pixel-intensity-correlations-on-statistical-inferences-of-expression-levels-in-cdna-microarray-experiments
#14
V S Binu, N S Nair, Prasad K Manjunatha, M K Kalesh
In a cDNA microarray experiment, the final measurement is intensity ratio at a spot in the microarray chip. The objective of the present study is to estimate the uncertainty associated with the final intensity ratio at each spot in cDNA microarray chips and also to explore the role of pixel intensity correlations in statistical inferences of gene expression levels. We estimate uncertainty at each spot using the theory of error propagation under two different situations: (1) when there is no correlation between pixel intensities and (2) when the pixel intensities are positively correlated...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561020/bioint-an-integrative-biological-object-oriented-application-framework-and-interpreter
#15
Sanket Desai, Prasad Burra
BioInt, a biological programming application framework and interpreter, is an attempt to equip the researchers with seamless integration, efficient extraction and effortless analysis of the data from various biological databases and algorithms. Based on the type of biological data, algorithms and related functionalities, a biology-specific framework was developed which has nine modules. The modules are a compilation of numerous reusable BioADTs. This software ecosystem containing more than 450 biological objects underneath the interpreter makes it flexible, integrative and comprehensive...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561019/mining-nutrigenetics-patterns-related-to-obesity-use-of-parallel-multifactor-dimensionality-reduction
#16
Katerina N Karayianni, Keith A Grimaldi, Konstantina S Nikita, Ioannis K Valavanis
This paper aims to enlighten the complex etiology beneath obesity by analysing data from a large nutrigenetics study, in which nutritional and genetic factors associated with obesity were recorded for around two thousand individuals. In our previous work, these data have been analysed using artificial neural network methods, which identified optimised subsets of factors to predict one's obesity status. These methods did not reveal though how the selected factors interact with each other in the obtained predictive models...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561018/mining-amino-acid-association-patterns-in-class-b-gpcrs
#17
Tannu Kumari, Kamal Raj Pardasani
Class B GPCR family is a small group of receptors which are activated by peptides of intermediate length that range from 30 to 40 amino acid residues including hormones, neuropeptides and autocrine factors that mediate diverse physiological functions. They are involved in physiological processes like glucose homeostasis (glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1), calcium homeostasis and bone turnover (parathyroid hormone and calcitonin), and control of the stress axis (corticotropin-releasing factor). Most of the GPCR structures and their functions are still unknown...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561017/predicting-dna-mutations-during-cancer-evolution
#18
Juan Carlos Martinez, Nelson Lopez-Jimenez, Tao Meng, S S Iyengar
Bio-systems are inherently complex information processing systems. Their physiological complexities limit the formulation and testing of a hypothesis for their behaviour. Our goal here was to test a computational framework utilising published data from a longitudinal study of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), whose DNA from both normal and malignant tissues were subjected to NGS analysis at various points in time. By processing the sequencing data before relapse time, we tested our framework by predicting the regions of the genome to be mutated at relapse time and, later, by comparing our results with the actual regions that showed mutations (discovered by genome sequencing at relapse time)...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561016/understanding-the-virulence-of-the-entero-aggregative-e-coli-o104-h4
#19
B Kesavan, K V Srividhya, S Krishnaswamy, Mugasimangalam Raja, N Vidya, A V S K Krishna Mohan
O104:H4 is a new strain of E. coli that has caused an outbreak in Germany. It was isolated from patients with bloody diarrhoea and Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). BGI (www.genomics.cn) sequenced and assembled this new strain. It was reported to show resistance to a number of drugs that are toxic to other E. coli and causes serious complications during infections, which ultimately lead to death. Multi-drug resistance and high virulence of this strain is thought to be acquired from different sources, by horizontal gene transfer...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26558303/bioinformatics-promises-and-progress
#20
Shipra Gupta, Gauri Misra, S M Paul Khurana
Bioinformatics is a multidisciplinary science that solves and analyzes biological problems. With the quantum explosion in biomedical data, the demand of bioinformatics has increased gradually. Present paper provides an overview of various ways through which the biologists or biological researchers in the domain of neurology, structural and functional biology, evolutionary biology, clinical science, etc., use bioinformatics applications for data analysis to summarise their research. A new perspective is used to classify the knowledge available in the field thus will help general audience to understand the application of bioinformatics...
2015: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications
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