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Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management

Song-Jian He, Qiang Liu, Hua-Qiu Li, Fang Tian, Shi-Yu Chen, Jian-Xin Weng
Background: The prevention of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) by statins remains controversial. Therefore, the present meta-analysis including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to assess the effect of perioperative statin on CSA-AKI. Methods: Two reviewers independently searched for RCTs about perioperative statin for prevention of CSA-AKI. The primary endpoint was CSA-AKI. Relative risk was calculated between statin and placebo for preventing CSA-AKI using the random-effect model or fixed-effect model according to different heterogeneity...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Shuangjiang Li, Zhiqiang Wang, Kun Zhou, Yan Wang, Yanming Wu, Pengfei Li, Guowei Che
Background: To evaluate the clinical significance of degree of pulmonary fissure completeness (PFC) on major in-hospital outcomes following video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and methods: We carried out a single-center retrospective analysis on the prospectively maintained database at our unit between August 2014 and October 2015. Patients were divided into two groups based on their fissure sum average (FSA)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
Introduction: The aim of this 18-month retrospective study was to evaluate the differences in outcomes of denosumab with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (TNFis), tocilizumab (TCZ), or abatacept (ABT) treatment in osteoporosis (OP) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients and methods: Patients were divided into TNFis-treated (TNF group; 44 cases), TCZ-treated (TCZ group; 8 cases), or ABT-treated (ABT group; 14 cases) groups. We measured serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) at baseline and every 3 months for 18 months and assessed bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar 1-4 vertebrae (L-BMD) and total hip BMD (H-BMD) at baseline and every 6 months for 18 months...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Yueh-Min Liu, Hong-Jer Chang, Ru-Hwa Wang, Li-King Yang, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yi-Chou Hou
Background: Patients who undergo hemodialysis encounter challenges including role changes, physical degeneration, and difficulty in performing activities of daily living (ADLs) and self-care. These challenges deteriorate their physiological and psychosocial conditions, resulting in depression. High resilience (RES) and social support can alleviate stress and depression. This study evaluated the importance of RES and social support in managing depression in elderly patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Rhodri Saunders, Jason A Davis, Peter Kranke, Rachel Weissbrod, David K Whitaker, Jenifer R Lightdale
Background: Studies have reported on the incidence of sedation-related adverse events (AEs), but little is known about their impact on health care costs and resource use. Methods: Health care providers and payers in five countries were recruited for an online survey by independent administrators to ensure that investigators and respondents were blinded to each other. Surveys were conducted in the local language and began with a "screener" to ensure that respondents had relevant expertise and experience...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Huimin Tao, Yafeng Li, Tingting Wang, Changhui Zhou
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord blood stem cells (USCs) transplantation combined with routine supportive therapy (RST) for liver cirrhosis (LC). Materials and methods: Clinical trials involved in this research were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wanfang and CNKI database. Treatment effects, quality of life (QoL), adverse events and other outcome measures were extracted and evaluated...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Li-Fen Yang, Liang-Ming Cai, Ming Li, Jin-Tao Liu, Zhao-Ni Wang, Wei-Hao Wang, Qin-Tai Yang, Zhuang-Gui Chen
Objective: To investigate the alterative spectrum and trends of aeroallergens sensitization in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Guangzhou, China in the past 10 years. Participants and methods: In this retrospective study, 4,111 children with complaints of nasal hyper-reactivity who visited the Pediatric Department and/or Otolaryngology Department from January 2007 to November 2016 were enrolled. Serum specific immunoglobulin E was measured and positive detection was made in 3,328 patients, who were, therefore, diagnosed with AR...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Ke He, Yun Hu, Jun-Cheng Shi, Yun-Qing Zhu, Xiao-Ming Mao
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur more frequently in diabetic patients. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, risk factors and microorganisms of UTIs in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Patients and methods: A total of 3,652 Chinese inpatients with T2D were reviewed and data on their clinical characteristics, symptoms of UTIs, random blood glucose, HbA1c, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody, insulin autoantibody, albumin excretion rate in 24-hour urine, urine culture and susceptibility to antibiotics, and so on were collected...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Ayse Gulsah Atasever, Perihan Ergin Ozcan, Kamber Kasali, Taner Abdullah, Gunseli Orhun, Evren Senturk
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders in intensive care patients remain relatively unexplored. Nowadays, the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during enteral nutrition (EN) become more questionable. Aim: To evaluate the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during EN in the first 2 weeks of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and to identify precautions to prevent the development of GI dysfunction and avoid complications...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Kazuhiro Shimizu, Takuo Iiduka, Shuji Sato, Hajime Kiyokawa, Takahiro Nakagami, Hiroshi Mikamo, Masayo Kawazoe, Mao Takahashi, Mahito Noro
Background: For the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE), providing anticoagulant therapy within the therapeutic range has been a major challenge, as conventional therapy with unfractionated heparin (UFH) and vitamin K antagonist (VKA) requires frequent laboratory monitoring and dose adjustment. Recently, fondaparinux and edoxaban are being used as beneficial alternatives to UFH and VKA. Methods: We evaluated the clinical course of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients who received the 3-month anticoagulation therapy with fondaparinux/edoxaban (Group A; n=40) in comparison with the findings from our previous experience of patients who received the fondaparinux/VKA combination (Group B; n=33)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Bangming Cao, Chi Zhang, Haipeng Wang, Ming Xia, Xiangjun Yang
Background: Whether upper arm remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) exerts protection to kidney in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) remains unknown. Methods: Sixty-four patients with STEMI were randomized to PPCI + RIPostC (n=29) and PPCI (n=35) groups. RIPostC consisting of 4 cycles of 5 minutes occlusion/reperfusion by cuff inflation/deflation of the upper arm was started within 1 minute after the first balloon dilatation...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Michael P Webb, Erik M Helander, Bethany L Menard, Richard D Urman, Alan D Kaye
Chronic lower back pain is a significant disease that affects nearly 20% of the worldwide population. Along with hindering patients' quality of life, chronic lower back pain is considered to be the second most common cause of disability among Americans. Treating chronic lower back pain is often a challenge for providers, especially in light of our current opioid epidemic. With this epidemic and an increased aging population, there is an imminent need for development of new pharmacologic therapeutic options, which are not only effective but also pose minimal adverse effects to the patient...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Ralph B Duarte, Wanderley M Bernardo, Christiano M Sakai, Gustavo Lr Silva, Hugo G Guedes, Rogerio Kuga, Edson Ide, Robson K Ishida, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo Gh de Moura
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Optical colonoscopy (OC) is the first choice of investigation for assessing the state of the colon and it is excellent for CRC screening. Newer technologies such as computed tomography colonography (CTC) may also be useful in CRC screening. This systematic review compares the benefits of CTC and OC for CRC screening. This review includes all the available randomized clinical trials comparing CTC and OC for CRC screening in asymptomatic patients...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Shaoqing Li, Peng Zhang, Xianda Gao, Dechao Miao, Yanlong Gao, Yong Shen
Objective: Our purpose here was to identify risk factors of poor outcome after anterior operation in patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed 98 patients who underwent anterior surgery for improving neurological symptoms. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) recovery rate <50% was defined as poor surgical outcome. We investigated the relationship between various predictors and outcome by logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curves...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Chao Liu, Zhi Mao, Hongjun Kang, Xin Hu, Shengmao Jiang, Pan Hu, Jie Hu, Feihu Zhou
Background: A long-axis in-plane (LA-IP) approach and a short-axis out-of-plane (SA-OOP) approach are the two main approaches used in ultrasound (US)-guided vascular catheterization. However, the efficacy and safety of these approaches remain controversial. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to compare the two techniques in vascular catheterization. Materials and methods: Relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases from database inception until August 2017...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
David L Chan, Simron Singh
Carcinoid syndrome occurs in 20% of patients with neuroendocrine tumors, and serotonin is usually the main causative hormonal peptide. Carcinoid syndrome, and particularly diarrhea, can significantly impact patients' quality of life. Somatostatin analogs (SSAs) are the mainstay of treatment, but are unable to ameliorate symptoms in all patients due to dose-limiting side effects and tachyphylaxis. Telotristat is a novel oral inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, which is the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Ping Hua, Jianyang Liu, Jun Tao, Xifeng Lin, Rongjun Zou, Dingwen Zhang, Songran Yang
Objective: Retrospective studies and a meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the perioperative administration of recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) during cardiac surgery under extracorporeal circulation. Methods: Computerized literature searches were performed in Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, and WANFANG to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to the perioperative administration of rhBNP during cardiac surgery starting from the database inception until December 2016...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Aldo Bove, Raffaella Maria Di Renzo, Gino Palone, Domenica Testa, Valentina Malerba, Giuseppe Bongarzoni
While laparoscopic cholecystectomy is generally accepted as the treatment of choice for simple gallbladder stones, in cases in which common bile duct stones are also present, clinical and diagnostic elements, along with intraoperative findings, define the optimal means of treatment. All available options must be accessible to the surgical team which must necessarily be multidisciplinary and include a surgeon, an endoscopist, and a radiologist in order to identify the best option for a truly personalized surgery...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Khalil Saleh, Roland Eid, Fady Gh Haddad, Nadine Khalife-Saleh, Hampig Raphaƫl Kourie
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), a heterogeneous group of upper aerodigestive tract malignancies, is the seventh most common cancer worldwide. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption were the most identified risk factors of HNSCC. However, human papilloma virus, a sexually transmitted infection, has been determined as another primary cause of HNSCC. Early-stage disease is treated with surgery or radiotherapy. Recurrent or metastatic HNSCC is associated with poor prognosis with a median overall survival of 10 months...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Fang Tan, Xiaoliang Gan, Yingqing Deng, Xiaoyun Li, Na Guo, Ziqing Hei, Qianqian Zhu, Zhuang-Gui Chen, Shaoli Zhou
Purpose: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been reported to attenuate inflammation in rats. The present retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate whether intraoperative administration with DEX could reduce the incidence of postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Patients and methods: A total of 251 patients were included in the analysis. Among these patients, 175 received intravenous DEX infusion during the intraoperative period and 76 did not...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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