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Current Diabetes Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982339/healthcare-expenditures-related-to-bmi-and-physical-activity-among-diabetic-older-people-cross-sectio-nal-analysis-of-sabe-study
#1
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Manuela de Almeida Roediger, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
BACKGROUND: The age is a variable positively related to healthcare expenditures Diabetes (DM), however other factors could also be associated. Physical activity, normal weight and engagement on walking would be inversely associated to healthcare expenditures related to DM control. The aim of this study was to describe healthcare diabetic-related expenditures and analyze the associations with body mass index (BMI), physical activity level (PAL), and engagement in walking among Brazilians older people...
October 4, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969558/neck-circumference-and-its-correlation-to-other-anthropometric-parameters-and-finnish-diabetes-risk-score-findrisc
#2
Alexei Volaco, Clara Martinuze Martins, Jessica Queiroz Soares, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Simone Tetu Moyses, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Dalton Bertolim Precom
BACKGROUND: The neck circumference (NC) is an anthropometric measure to evaluate obesity. The FINDRISC predicts the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aims were to identify the mean value of NC in individuals with higher (≥15 points) and lower FINDRISC and to establish cutoff values that indicate individuals with higher FINDRISC. METHODS: It is a population-based, cross-sectional study representative of the city of Curitiba, Brazil. We studied individuals (>18 years), without diabetes mellitus, between August 2013 and August 2014...
October 2, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#3
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914196/ethnic-disparity-and-increased-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-among-south-asians-aetiology-and-future-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#4
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, Manjunath Nk Sharma
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is turning out to be a global health crisis. Current available literature clearly indicates an increased risk of type 2 diabetes amongst South Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this narrative review is to explore the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors of T2DM in South Asian population, including their beliefs, attitudes, socio economic and cultural barriers and also to explore the possible implications in designing culture specific diabetes prevention and management programs...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914195/polymorphism-rs9939609-of-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-correlation-with-leptin-level-of-obese-women-suffered-from-type-2-diabetes
#5
Mehdi Niknam Moghanloo, Naser Aga Mohammadzadeh, Hajie Lotfi, Rasoul Mahmoudi, Maryam Abbasi, Farzaneh Ghafarian Alipour, Fatemeh Shool, Sadegh Porfar, Nosratollah Zarghami
Background Recent studies reported that Fat Mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) single nucleotides polymorphisms (SNPs), especially rs9939609, have association with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, many researches confirmed that leptin, an adipocytokine, is related to the obesity and body mass index (BMI) in patients who suffered from type 2 diabetes(T2DM). Objective In this study, the correlation of FTO rs9939609 polymorphism and leptin level was investigated in the obese women who suffered from T2DM...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914194/diabetic-retinopathy-recent-updates-on-different-biomarkers-and-some-therapeutic-agents
#6
Amjad Ali Khan, Arshad Husain Rahmani, Yousef Homood Aldebasi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of sight-threatening complication, which occurs due to a number of physiological and metabolic abnormalities during later stages of diabetes. Many of these abnormal changes are consistent with altered oxidative stress, inflammation, genetic set up, advanced glycation end products, and hematological changes. So the altered levels of different biomolecules related to these changes serve as important biomarkers to assess better evaluation and early treatment of this disease...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306960/consequences-of-type-1-and-2-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-cardiovascular-regulation-during-exercise-a-brief-review
#7
Silvana Roberto, Antonio Crisafulli
INTRODUCTION: One challenging problem in patients suffering from Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the elevate incidence of cardiovascular events. Exercise has been proved useful in reducing cardiovascular risks in these patients. However, both type 1 and 2 DM significantly affect the cardiovascular response during exercise. Therefore, on one side exercise is considered to be a valid therapeutic tool for DM, whereas on the other side during exercise these patients may experience troubles in the cardiovascular regulation...
October 11, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875825/study-of-irisin-hormone-level-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-and-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#8
Salah Shelbaya, Manal Mohamed Abushady, Merhan Samy Nasr, Meram Mohamed Bekhet, Yasmine Abd-Al Mageed, Magdy Abbas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy are associated with multifactorial abnormal energy metabolism. Irisin has been recently introduced as a hormone that is exercise induced and is secreted by skeletal muscles. It is hypothesized that patients with chronic kidney disease usually have abnormal irisin levels. AIM: We aimed to study the level of Irisin hormone in patients with type 2 diabetes and to document if it is related to diabetic nephropathy...
August 29, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814245/benefits-of-sglt2-inhibitors-beyond-glycemic-control-a-focus-on-metabolic-cardiovascular-and-renal-outcomes
#9
Molly G Minze, Kayley Will, Brian T Terrell, Robin L Black, Brian K Irons
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new pharmacotherapeutic class for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate beneficial effects of the SGLT2 inhibitors on metabolic, cardiovascular, and renal outcomes. METHODS: A Pub-Med search (1966 to July 2017) was performed of published English articles using keywords sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814244/history-prevalence-and-assessment-of-limited-joint-mobility-from-stiff-hand-syndrome-to-diabetic-foot-ulcer-prevention
#10
Piergiorgio Francia, Roberto Anichini, Giuseppe Seghieri, Alessandra De Bellis, Massimo Gulisano
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important global public health problems. Patients with DM may develop different dreaded complications during their lifetime, one of which is limited joint mobility (LJM). Joint abnormalities and LJM are problems that can arise at disease onset, and progressively worsen together with the disease. Because LJM shares causal factors with other chronic diabetes-induced complications, its study has been considered useful for monitoring the risk of developing other chronic complications due to DM such as vascular disease or diabetic foot...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748753/investigating-the-practices-of-patients-and-hospitals-in-treatment-of-diabetes-a-survey-questionnaire-for-arabic-speaking-countries
#11
Irfan Anjum Manarvi, Nader Mahr Matta, Abdulrahman Yassin
Diabetes is one of the most chronic diseases prevalent in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Its number of patients have increased in past few decades. Best efforts to provide world class treatments to patients through public and private hospitals are in hand. However, feedback of practices observed by patients and hospitals is not being achieved to assess the treatment efficacy. Absence of an elaborated questionnaire in Arabic language is a major hurdle to seek information from patients' due to their limited knowledge of English language in which most of the survey questionnaire exist in internationally published literature...
July 27, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738763/an-evaluation-of-the-clinical-therapeutic-effect-of-lixisenatide-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Arinze Nkemdirim Okere, Janele Montesdeoca, April Glasper, Vakaramoko Diaby
BACKGROUND: With cardiovascular disease accounting for approximately 50% of deaths in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it is pertinent to initiate anti-diabetic medications with cardiovascular benefits. This systematic clinical review critically examines the clinical therapeutic effect of lixisenatide. METHODS: Data were gathered from articles indexed in PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline from 2010 - 2017, with the following search terms, "lixisenatide" and "GLP-1 receptor agonist...
July 24, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714382/low-prevalence-of-insulin-resistance-among-iranian-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-case-control-study
#13
Kavous Eshraghian, Kamran B Lankarani, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Atefeh Esmailnejad, Payam Peyman
BACKGROUND: Association between chronic hepatitis C virus (CHC) infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been challenging in recent decades. Despite of extensive research in this area, there is no general agreement on the direct effect of HCV infection on insulin resistance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was performed in 52 CHC patients (mean age = 39.48) and 52 and sex‑matched healthy Iranian controls, referred to the Hepatitis Clinic, Department of Gastroenterohepatology, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran, from 2012 to 2015...
July 14, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699482/non-diabetic-glucose-levels-and-cancer-mortality-a-literature-review
#14
Eiichi Kakehi, Kazuhiko Kotani, Takashi Nakamura, Taro Takeshima, Eiji Kajii
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for cancer, the relationship of an increased glucose concentration at a non-diabetic glucose level with cancer mortality is yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To observe whether an increased glucose concentration and/or glucose intolerance at the non-diabetic glucose level can predict cancer mortality. METHODS: Population-based prospective cohort studies evaluating cancer mortality at the non-diabetic level (defined as fasting plasma glucose <7...
July 11, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699483/physical-disability-and-diabetes-mellitus-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-perception-and-behavior
#15
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad
BACKGROUND: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
July 10, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677496/metabolic-syndrome-dyslipidemia-and-regulation-of-lipoprotein-metabolism
#16
Jahangir Iqbal, Ali Al Qarni, Abbas Hawwari, Ahmad F Al Ghanem, Ahmed Gasmelseed
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk for both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Development of these pathologies is associated with the disorders of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Dyslipidemia leads to the overproduction of potentially atherogenic lipid and lipoproteins. Furthermore, there is a decrease in the levels of high-density lipoproteins and an increase in the levels of remnant and small dense LDL particles. CONCLUSION: In the current review, we have discussed the pathophysiology of lipoprotein biosynthesis and metabolism in the metabolic syndrome...
July 5, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637407/oral-insulin-myth-or-reality
#17
Vikash Kumar, Ishwari Choudhry, Pooja Hurkat, Ashish Jain, Dharmendra Jain
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder of glucose metabolism marked by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hyperlipidemia, negative nitrogen balance and ketonaemia. DM is a major healthcare problems today and its treatment costs billions of dollars worldwide annually. The cases of diabetes have increased rapidly in recent years throughout the world. Currently, for management of type-1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM), multiple daily insulin (MDI) injections is the most popular treatment. Oral administration of insulin is the most suitable and attractive as compared to subcutaneous route but unfortunately cannot be utilized for the administration of peptides and proteins due to poor epithelial permeability and enzymatic degradation within the gastrointestinal tract...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637406/socioeconomic-status-the-missing-link-between-obesity-and-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Alexei Volaco, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Dalton Bertolim Précoma
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an epidemic expansion of the obesity rates worldwide. The increasing number of obese individuals associated with the aging of population leads to increasing number of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the same rate. The traditional factors that link obesity to T2DM are related to genetics, hypercaloric diet, sedentary lifestyle, and stress. Individuals from lower socioeconomic status (SES) have restricted autonomy and opportunities that could lead to more stress and consequently increase in stress hormones, such as cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon, and growth hormone, which might ultimately change fat deposition, increasing visceral fat and increasing the risk of T2DM mellitus development...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625131/long-term-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-overweight-and-obesity-management-in-the-arab-states-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Dima Khreidieh, Leila Itani, Germine El Kassas, Dana El Masri, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide. It is associated with serious medical and psychosocial comorbidities that increase the risk of mortality. However, strong evidence confirms lifestyle-modification programs as the cornerstone treatment for excess weight and obesity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of the lifestyle-modification programs for weight management delivered in Arabic-speaking countries. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched, and studies conducted in humans were identified and screened as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618984/glycemic-variability-and-insulin-needs-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-supplemented-with-vitamin-d-a-pilot-study-using-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system
#20
Karem Miléo Felício, Ana Carolina Contente Braga de Souza, João Felício Abrahão Neto, Franciane Trindade Cunha de Melo, Carolina Tavares Carvalho, Thaís Pontes Arbage, Hana Andrade de Rider Brito, Amanda Soares Peixoto, Alana Ferreira de Oliveira, Fabricio de Souza Resende, Scarlatt Sousa Reis, Ana Regina Motta, Henrique da Costa Miranda, Luísa Corrêa Janaú, Elizabeth Sumi Yamada, João Soares Felício
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that glycemic variability could influence the risk of complications in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). There are no data about the action of vitamin D (VD) on glycemic variability. Our pilot study aims to evaluate glycemic variability and insulin needs in patients with T1DM supplemented with VD. METHODS: 22 patients received doses of 4000 and 10000 IU/day of cholecalciferol for 12 weeks, according to the patient's baseline VD levels and underwent continuous glucose monitoring system...
June 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
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