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Chronic Illness

Lindh Inga-Britt, Blomqvist Kerstin
Objectives To derive improved understanding of the implicit meanings of challenges in daily life from the perspective of persons with type 2 diabetes. Methods A meta-synthesis was conducted with an interpretive and constructivist approach. Four databases were searched for articles published between 2007 and 2011, producing 37 articles for analysis. Van Deurzen's life world theory was applied as an analytic grid. Results Challenges in daily life with type 2 diabetes could be understood as living in a tension between opposing forces, implying a struggle with inevitable paradoxes: living in the present and for the future, trusting oneself while relying on others, and being normal while feeling changed and different...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Chris Allen, Ivaylo Vassilev, Sharon Xiaowen Lin, David Culliford, Anne Rogers
Objectives To describe the individual and network characteristics of the personal communities of people using the internet and the role of offline support, network resources and community participation in using the internet for condition management. Methods Secondary analysis of survey data using logistic regression analysis to determine the factors associated with differential internet use for condition management. This study involved 300 participants from 19 primary care providers in Manchester in 2010 and 2011...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Helen Francis, Jenny Carryer, Jill Wilkinson
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the experience of people with multiple long-term conditions with particular reference to the notion of the 'expert patient' in the context of self-management. Methods A multiple case study of 16 people with several long-term conditions, included interviews and contacts over an 18-month period and an interview with their primary care clinicians. Analysis included both case-by-case and some cross-case analysis. Results The findings reveal the patient participants had little capacity to exercise the agency necessary be an expert patient as premised...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Onala Telford, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Uptal D Patel, Clemontina A Davenport, Megan M Oakes, Matthew J Crowley
Objectives Data suggest that poor sleep quality as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) contributes to suboptimal diabetes control. How the subscales comprising the PSQI individually relate to diabetes control is poorly understood. Methods In order to explore how PSQI subscales relate to diabetes control, we analyzed baseline data from a trial of a telemedicine intervention for diabetes. We used multivariable modeling to examine: (1) the relationship between the global PSQI and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c); (2) the relationships between the 7 PSQI subscales and HbA1c; and (3) medication nonadherence as a possible mediating factor...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Aline C Lopes, Rafaella F Xavier, Ana Carolina Ac Pereira, Rafael Stelmach, Frederico LA Fernandes, Samantha L Harrison, Celso Rf Carvalho
Objectives To identify clusters of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with distinct beliefs about their illness in terms of symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), self-efficacy, and daily life physical activity (DLPA). Methods This cross-sectional study included 150 COPD outpatients. The patients' illness perceptions, clinical control, HRQoL, self-efficacy, and DLPA (accelerometry) were evaluated. A cluster analysis was conducted using data from the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire - Revised to establish groups of patients with distinct illness perceptions...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Elizabeth Kaselitz, Megha Shah, Hwajung Choi, Michele Heisler
Objective In a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of diabetes reciprocal peer support, we examined characteristics of peers associated with improvements in their partner's glycemic control. Methods A total of 102 adults with diabetes were randomized to the reciprocal peer support arm (vs. a nurse care management arm). The primary outcome was change in A1c over six months. Intermediate outcomes were insulin initiation and peer engagement. A number of baseline characteristics of peers were hypothesized to influence outcomes for their peer, and concordant characteristics of peer dyads were hypothesized that would influence outcomes for both peer partners...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Ashley O'Connor, Amy Ladebue, Jamie Peterson, Ryan Davis, Susan Jung Grant, Marina McCreight, Anne Lambert-Kerzner
Objectives Strategies were explored to improve patient adherence to cardioprotective medications by borrowing from a motivational framework used in psychology, regulatory focus theory. The current study is part of a larger randomized control trial and was aimed at understanding what written educational messages, based on patients' regulatory focus tendency, resonated with each individual as a potential reminder to take medications. This study was also aimed at understanding why messages resonated with the patients...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Adva Eisenberg, Matthew J Crowley, Cynthia Coffman, David Edelman
Objective To assess the impact of a group medical clinic designed for patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension on body mass index. Methods Using data from a randomized trial of 239 veterans with type 2 diabetes mellitus, we performed a secondary analysis using analysis of covariance mixed models to explore the effect of a 12-month group medical clinic intervention on change in body mass index vs. usual care. In an exploratory subgroup analysis, we compared change in body mass index between treatment arms stratified by whether patients had >0...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Rhiannon A Kroeger
This study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine whether young adult parents diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder experience less parental happiness and/or more parental strain than their counterparts not diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Results from logistic regression models indicated that young adult parents ever diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have significantly greater odds of feeling overwhelmed as parents and significantly lower odds of feeling close to their children or happy in their role as parents compared to those never diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Jennifer Nicolai, Nicole Müller, Stefan Noest, Stefanie Wilke, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Christian A Gleißner, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate key factors related to lifestyle changes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by eliciting survivors' subjective needs for, attitudes towards and experiences with behaviour changes in their everyday life to improve future interventions promoting lifestyle changes. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 individuals who had recently experienced an AMI. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Patricia Davern Soderlund
Objectives This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient's own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Kamelia Harris, Helen Brooks, Garry Lythgoe, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Richard J Drake
Objectives Shared decision-making is the pinnacle of patient-centred care; mental health stakeholders value shared decision-making but find it difficult to enact. The objective was to compare and synthesise mental health stakeholder views on antipsychotic prescribing in one NHS Trust, to understand potential reasons for the difficult enactment of shared decision-making in practice. Methods We conducted 12 interviews and 5 focus groups with 33 mental health stakeholders, after obtaining their informed consent...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
Sanaz Nosrat, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
Objective Mental illness is highly prevalent among people living with HIV. Poor mental health is linked to HIV disease progression, making the treatment of mental illness alongside HIV essential. While the benefits of exercise on the physical health of people living with HIV are well established, the effect of exercise on mental health in this population is less examined. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a systematic literature review of the effects of exercise on mental health in people living with HIV...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
Erin D Bouldin, Ranak B Trivedi, Gayle E Reiber, Ann-Marie Rosland, Julie B Silverman, James Krieger, Karin M Nelson
Objective To determine whether the presence of an informal caregiver and the patient's level of social support are associated with better diabetes self-care among adults with poorly controlled diabetes. Methods Cross-sectional study using baseline data from 253 adults of age 30-70 with poorly controlled diabetes. Participants who reported receiving assistance with their diabetes from a friend or family member in the past month were classified as having a caregiver. We used multivariate linear and logistic regression models to evaluate the associations between having a caregiver and level of social support with five self-reported diabetes self-care behaviors: diet, foot checks, blood glucose monitoring, medications, and physical activity...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
Michael Ravenek, Debbie L Rudman, Mary E Jenkins, Sandi Spaulding
Objectives Individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease compose a rare subtype of a disease typically associated with older age. Situated within a large grounded theory study exploring information behavior, this paper describes the core category of the theory, i.e. uncertainty. Methods Data were collected with 39 individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease who took part in in-depth interviews, focus groups and/or an online discussion board. Fourteen autobiographies written by individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease were also used as data sources...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
Adam T Perzynski, Riane K Ramsey, Kari Colón-Zimmermann, Jamie Cage, Elisabeth Welter, Martha Sajatovic
Objectives This exploratory study identifies barriers and facilitators to self-management to inform future epilepsy self-management interventions for persons who have epilepsy complicated by co-morbid mental health conditions and serious medical events. Methods Focus group methods were used in a series of community advisory board meetings. Analysis was conducted using a thematic, constant comparative approach aiming to describe the range of barriers and facilitators salient to participants. There were a total of 22 participants, including 8 health professionals, 9 patients with epilepsy, and 5 care partners...
September 2017: Chronic Illness
Henry Yu-Hin Siu, Nicole Steward, Jessica Peter, Laurel Cooke, Donald M Arnold, David Price
Objective Medically complex patients experience fragmented health care compounded by long wait times. The MedREACH program was developed to improve access and overall system experience for medically complex patients. Program description MedREACH is a novel primary-tertiary care collaborative demonstration program that features community nursing outreach, community specialist outreach, and a multi-specialty consultation clinic. Methods All 179 patients, referring primary care clinicians, and specialists involved were eligible to participate...
September 2017: Chronic Illness
Denise Hinton, Susan Kirk
Background There is growing recognition that multiple sclerosis is a possible, albeit uncommon, diagnosis in childhood. However, very little is known about the experiences of families living with childhood multiple sclerosis and this is the first study to explore this in depth. Objective Our objective was to explore the experiences of parents of children with multiple sclerosis. Methods Qualitative in-depth interviews with 31 parents using a grounded theory approach were conducted. Parents were sampled and recruited via health service and voluntary sector organisations in the United Kingdom...
June 2017: Chronic Illness
Stacy Christensen, Linda Wagner, Melissa M Coleman, Donna Appell
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome is a rare form of albinism, affecting approximately one in 500,000 to one in 1,000,000 non-Hispanic individuals. The syndrome is more commonly found in Hispanics, where one in 18,00 individuals in Northwestern Puerto Rico are impacted. Because of the rarity of this chronic condition, patients often face challenges in their ability to cope with the diagnosis. A phenomenological study was conducted to explore the experience of individuals with this rare genetic disease. A purposive sample of adults between the ages of 20 and 49 diagnosed with Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome was interviewed (N = 23)...
March 2017: Chronic Illness
Daniel Kaushansky, Jarad Cox, Chaka Dodson, Miles McNeeley, Sinthu Kumar, Ellen Iverson
Objectives This qualitative study examines how and why adolescents living with visible and invisible chronic illnesses choose to share their condition with individuals within their social environments. Methods A sample of 25 adolescents were recruited from five subspecialty services: Spina bifida, rheumatology, cardiology, cystic fibrosis, and renal transplant/dialysis. Recruits completed a semi-structured interview designed to explore: (1) to whom adolescents disclose their conditions, (2) motivation and conditions under which they disclose, (3) content of disclosure, and (4) barriers to disclosure...
March 2017: Chronic Illness
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