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Chronic Illness

Rhiannon A Kroeger
This study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine whether young adult parents diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder experience less parental happiness and/or more parental strain than their counterparts not diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Results from logistic regression models indicated that young adult parents ever diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have significantly greater odds of feeling overwhelmed as parents and significantly lower odds of feeling close to their children or happy in their role as parents compared to those never diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Jennifer Nicolai, Nicole Müller, Stefan Noest, Stefanie Wilke, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Christian A Gleißner, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate key factors related to lifestyle changes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by eliciting survivors' subjective needs for, attitudes towards and experiences with behaviour changes in their everyday life to improve future interventions promoting lifestyle changes. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 individuals who had recently experienced an AMI. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Patricia Davern Soderlund
Objectives This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient's own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Cindie A Slightam, Kirsten Brandt, Emily C Jenchura, Eleanor T Lewis, Steven M Asch, Donna M Zulman
Objective To characterize diseases that are described as most bothersome by individuals with multiple chronic conditions and to identify themes that characterize their experiences with their most bothersome condition. Methods In a survey of patients at an academic center and a Veterans Affairs hospital, we asked individuals with multiple chronic conditions to identify their most bothersome chronic condition and describe why it is challenging. Standard content analysis methods were used to code responses and identify themes reflecting characteristics of most bothersome conditions...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Lavanya Vijayasingham
Objectives Chronic illness is known to disrupt and redirect the usual course of work trajectories. This article aims to portray the longitudinal course of negotiating work after multiple sclerosis. Methods Using therapy and personal journals to reconstruct memories and experience, an autoethnography is produced and narrated within Campbell's "Hero's Journey" automythology framework. Results The narrative highlights the intrasubjectivity of illness meaning-the changing internal meaning-making and external behavior and decision-making dynamics...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Zachary A Siegel, Abigail Brown, Andrew Devendorf, Johanna Collier, Leonard A Jason
Objectives The aim of this study was to analyze the content of American newspaper articles ( n=214) from 1987 to 2013, in order to understand how the public digests information related to Chronic Fatigue syndrome, a controversial and misunderstood illness. Methods A novel codebook derived from the scientific literature was applied to 214 newspaper articles collected from Lexis Nexis Academic®. These articles were coded quantitatively and frequency tables were created to delineate the variables as they appeared in the articles...
March 2018: Chronic Illness
Gabriela Schmid-Mohler, Janelle Yorke, Rebecca Spirig, Christian Benden, Ann-Louise Caress
Objective The aim of this review was to describe how patients experience an exacerbation of cystic fibrosis in terms of symptom management. Methods A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PSYCINFO and ASSIA. Studies were included that contained any direct quotes or summaries of quotes from patients with cystic fibrosis aged 16 or older and were related to symptom experience and management during an exacerbation. Framework analysis, guided by Symptom Management Theory, was used to present the findings...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Robert Simpson, Sharon Simpson, Karen Wood, Stewart W Mercer, Frances S Mair
Objectives To study barriers and facilitators to implementation of mindfulness-based stress reduction for people with multiple sclerosis. Methods Qualitative interviews were used to explore barriers and facilitators to implementation of mindfulness-based stress reduction, including 33 people with multiple sclerosis, 6 multiple sclerosis clinicians and 2 course instructors. Normalisation process theory provided the underpinning conceptual framework. Data were analysed deductively using normalisation process theory constructs (coherence, cognitive participation, collective action and reflexive monitoring)...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
M Anderson, M K Tulloch-Reid
Objective To determine the challenges, coping strategies and needs of urban and rural Jamaican caregivers of adolescents with diabetes, and suggest ways to assist coping. Methods This qualitative study comprised four focus groups (two urban and two rural) with a total of nineteen caregivers of adolescents with diabetes. Thematic analysis was conducted on the data. Results The main challenges caregivers faced were keeping their children healthy, managing conflict with their children, and financial concerns. They met these challenges with problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Sarah E Scott, Jeff D Breckon, Robert J Copeland
Objectives Physical activity is recommended for managing chronic health conditions but is rarely maintained. This feasibility study aimed to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of a motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural intervention for long-term physical activity for adults with chronic health conditions. Methods Participants ( N = 37) with stable conditions (e.g. diabetes) were randomized into a three-month motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural group ( N = 20) or usual care ( N = 17) after completing a physical activity referral scheme...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Kristen E Gray, Katherine D Hoerster, Gayle E Reiber, Lori A Bastian, Karin M Nelson
Objectives To examine, among Veterans, relationships of general social support and diabetes-specific social support for physical activity and healthy eating with diabetes self-management behaviors. Methods Patients from VA Puget Sound, Seattle completed a cross-sectional survey in 2012-2013 ( N = 717). We measured (a) general social support and (b) diabetes-specific social support for healthy eating and physical activity with domains reflecting support person participation, encouragement, and sharing ideas...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Lindh Inga-Britt, Blomqvist Kerstin
Objectives To derive improved understanding of the implicit meanings of challenges in daily life from the perspective of persons with type 2 diabetes. Methods A meta-synthesis was conducted with an interpretive and constructivist approach. Four databases were searched for articles published between 2007 and 2011, producing 37 articles for analysis. Van Deurzen's life world theory was applied as an analytic grid. Results Challenges in daily life with type 2 diabetes could be understood as living in a tension between opposing forces, implying a struggle with inevitable paradoxes: living in the present and for the future, trusting oneself while relying on others, and being normal while feeling changed and different...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Chris Allen, Ivaylo Vassilev, Sharon Xiaowen Lin, David Culliford, Anne Rogers
Objectives To describe the individual and network characteristics of the personal communities of people using the internet and the role of offline support, network resources and community participation in using the internet for condition management. Methods Secondary analysis of survey data using logistic regression analysis to determine the factors associated with differential internet use for condition management. This study involved 300 participants from 19 primary care providers in Manchester in 2010 and 2011...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Helen Francis, Jenny Carryer, Jill Wilkinson
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the experience of people with multiple long-term conditions with particular reference to the notion of the 'expert patient' in the context of self-management. Methods A multiple case study of 16 people with several long-term conditions, included interviews and contacts over an 18-month period and an interview with their primary care clinicians. Analysis included both case-by-case and some cross-case analysis. Results The findings reveal the patient participants had little capacity to exercise the agency necessary be an expert patient as premised...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Onala Telford, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Uptal D Patel, Clemontina A Davenport, Megan M Oakes, Matthew J Crowley
Objectives Data suggest that poor sleep quality as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) contributes to suboptimal diabetes control. How the subscales comprising the PSQI individually relate to diabetes control is poorly understood. Methods In order to explore how PSQI subscales relate to diabetes control, we analyzed baseline data from a trial of a telemedicine intervention for diabetes. We used multivariable modeling to examine: (1) the relationship between the global PSQI and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c); (2) the relationships between the 7 PSQI subscales and HbA1c; and (3) medication nonadherence as a possible mediating factor...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Aline C Lopes, Rafaella F Xavier, Ana Carolina Ac Pereira, Rafael Stelmach, Frederico LA Fernandes, Samantha L Harrison, Celso Rf Carvalho
Objectives To identify clusters of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with distinct beliefs about their illness in terms of symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), self-efficacy, and daily life physical activity (DLPA). Methods This cross-sectional study included 150 COPD outpatients. The patients' illness perceptions, clinical control, HRQoL, self-efficacy, and DLPA (accelerometry) were evaluated. A cluster analysis was conducted using data from the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire - Revised to establish groups of patients with distinct illness perceptions...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Elizabeth Kaselitz, Megha Shah, Hwajung Choi, Michele Heisler
Objective In a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of diabetes reciprocal peer support, we examined characteristics of peers associated with improvements in their partner's glycemic control. Methods A total of 102 adults with diabetes were randomized to the reciprocal peer support arm (vs. a nurse care management arm). The primary outcome was change in A1c over six months. Intermediate outcomes were insulin initiation and peer engagement. A number of baseline characteristics of peers were hypothesized to influence outcomes for their peer, and concordant characteristics of peer dyads were hypothesized that would influence outcomes for both peer partners...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Ashley O'Connor, Amy Ladebue, Jamie Peterson, Ryan Davis, Susan Jung Grant, Marina McCreight, Anne Lambert-Kerzner
Objectives Strategies were explored to improve patient adherence to cardioprotective medications by borrowing from a motivational framework used in psychology, regulatory focus theory. The current study is part of a larger randomized control trial and was aimed at understanding what written educational messages, based on patients' regulatory focus tendency, resonated with each individual as a potential reminder to take medications. This study was also aimed at understanding why messages resonated with the patients...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Adva Eisenberg, Matthew J Crowley, Cynthia Coffman, David Edelman
Objective To assess the impact of a group medical clinic designed for patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension on body mass index. Methods Using data from a randomized trial of 239 veterans with type 2 diabetes mellitus, we performed a secondary analysis using analysis of covariance mixed models to explore the effect of a 12-month group medical clinic intervention on change in body mass index vs. usual care. In an exploratory subgroup analysis, we compared change in body mass index between treatment arms stratified by whether patients had >0...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Kamelia Harris, Helen Brooks, Garry Lythgoe, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Richard J Drake
Objectives Shared decision-making is the pinnacle of patient-centred care; mental health stakeholders value shared decision-making but find it difficult to enact. The objective was to compare and synthesise mental health stakeholder views on antipsychotic prescribing in one NHS Trust, to understand potential reasons for the difficult enactment of shared decision-making in practice. Methods We conducted 12 interviews and 5 focus groups with 33 mental health stakeholders, after obtaining their informed consent...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
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