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Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664464/the-legacy-of-dr-khalaf-al-mouteary-july-1948-january-2018
#1
Ahmed Ammar
We are hereby not only presenting and documenting the achievements of Dr. Khalaf Al Mouteary, which are great and unprecedented, but drawing lessons from his life and striving to develop and improve a system of neurosurgery practice and training in Saudi Arabia. Over 30 years of his dreams, sacrifices, hard work, vision, successes and failures in neurosurgical medical services, training and education have brought us to the position where we are in today, as one of leading countries in neurosurgery in the whole Middle East...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664463/general-prof-dr-khalaf-al-moutaery-july-1948-january-2018
#2
Saleh Baeesa, Ahmed Ammar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664462/mass-gathering-health-considering-triggering-factors-associated-with-acute-cardiovascular-events-using-linked-registry-data
#3
Tanvir C Turin, Mohammad Al Mamun, Mohammed Almekhlafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664461/bilateral-thalamic-lesions-in-hepatic-encephalopathy
#4
Abdulelah N Al Jasser, Nawal I Al Adwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664460/a-novel-variant-in-atm-gene-causes-ataxia-telangiectasia-revealed-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#5
Noufa A Alonazi, Khalid J Hundallah, Amal M Al Hashem, Sarar Mohamed
Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by variants in ATM gene and characterized by progressive neurologic impairment, cerebellar ataxia, and oculo-cutaneous telangiectasia. Immunodeficiency with a recurrent sinopulmonary infections are observed in patients with A-T. Here, we report a novel stop codon variant, c.5944 C>T (p.Gln1982*), revealed by whole-exome sequencing in a 9-year old boy. He presented with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, failure to thrive, developmental delay, ataxic gait, and bulbar telangiectasia...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664459/multiple-sclerosis-and-myasthenia-gravis-following-severe-weight-loss
#6
Mohammed H Alanazy, Majed A Alomar, Bandar N Aljafen, Taim A Muayqil
Weight loss has substantial health benefits, but it is not risk-free. Various neurological disorders have been reported following bariatric surgery-induced weight loss. Here, we report 3 patients who developed multiple sclerosis (MS), one of whom also developed myasthenia gravis (MG), shortly after significant weight loss. Two patients lost weight by following a diet plan and one underwent bariatric surgery. There may be an association between significant weight loss and the development of an autoimmune neurological disorder such as MS or MG; a high index of suspicion is required...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664458/brainstem-encephalitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#7
Sarah A Bin Abdulqader, Hisham M Alkhalidi, Abdulrazag M Ajlan
Brainstem encephalitis (BE) is a rare, severe, and potentially life-threatening inflammation of the central nervous system. Brainstem encephalitis has multiple etiologies, which vary in treatment and outcomes. The current literature is generally focused on the infectious causes of BE, while little is known about the other entities, including cases with inconclusive diagnoses. Additionally, the outcomes of BE are not well documented. We present a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with progressive symptoms of brainstem involvement...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664457/aspergillus-sinusitis-complicated-with-meningitis-and-multiple-cerebral-infarctions-in-immunocompetent-patient
#8
Ahmad AlHaj Houssen, Fahad Algreeshah
This is a case of a 33-year-old male complaining of severe headache, neck pain, photophobia, vomiting and high-grade fever of several days. He had history of nasal polyp removal and recurrent sinusitis in the last 8 years. On examination: conscious with glasco coma scale (GCS) 15/15 and normal limbs strength but with positive Babinski sign. For further observation, he was admitted and full work-up was done. Even though full empirical antibiotics were started, there was no immediate improvement and he deteriorated dramatically developing ocular deficit, hydrocephalus and lower level of consciousness with multiple infarctions found at different areas in brain...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664456/quality-of-life-assessment-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664455/physician-awareness-of-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-in-saudi-arabia-and-the-gulf-countries
#10
Hosam M Al-Jehani, Abdulaziz Alsharydah, Seba A Rammal, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammad Mekhlafi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspective on Decompressive craniectomy (DH) of each of these specialties to establish common grounds for improved clinical practice. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed via email and social media groups to members of these specialties in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. Local practices, common triggers for referral for DH, perceived outcomes of these procedures, individual impression of what constitutes good clinical outcomes were explored...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664454/clinical-effectiveness-and-safety-of-fingolimod-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-in-western-iran
#11
Elham Ouspid, Nazanin Razazian, Abdorreza N Moghadasi, Nasrin Moradian, Daryoush Afshari, Arash Bostani, Payam Sariaslani, Atefeh Ansarian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness and safety of fingolimod in the western Iranian population. METHODS: This study was performed as a prospective observational study between March 2014 and October 2015. Sixty patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) who were referred to the MS clinic of Imam Reza Hospital, which is affiliated with Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran, were treated with 0.5 mg oral fingolimod capsules once daily for 12 months...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664453/cost-burden-of-neuroimaging-during-one-time-admission-for-first-ever-acute-stroke-in-nigeria
#12
Adeleye D Omisore, Morenikeji A Komolafe, Oluwaseun T Esan, Bukunmi M Idowu, Adeniyi S Aderibigbe, Abdul-Majeed K Abidoye, Stephen O Onigbinde
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost burden of Neuroimaging and its contribution to direct total hospitalization costs (HCs) during one-time admission for first-ever stroke. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, direct itemised costs and total HCs for 170 consecutive patients with first-ever stroke, admitted at our public tertiary health facility over a 15-month period were evaluated. RESULTS: The records of 170 stroke subjects were reviewed...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664452/protective-role-of-astragalus-injection-in-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#13
Liya Zhou, Zhenfei Song, Liwen Zhou, Yongchi Qiu, Nan Hu, Yong Hu, Xingming Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuroprotective effect of Astragalus injection in a spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury model. METHODS: A total of 27 Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (n=3), I/R group (n=12), and Astragalus injection group (Ast group, n=12). Spinal cord ischemia was induced by occlusion of the abdominal aorta above the right renal artery for 32 min. Animals in the Ast group were administered Astragalus injection (6...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664451/outcomes-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-at-a-neurorehabilitation-unit-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Abdulaziz M Al Mosallam, Ahmad Z Qureshi, Abdussalam A Alshehri, Fayez M Alshehri, Sami Ullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation on a Saudi Arabian population of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with MS who underwent inpatient rehabilitation between 2009 and 2015 at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC). Differences in Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores (used in rehabilitation settings to assess the functional independence of patients) and length of stay (LOS) were measured between patients of different ages, sexes, and types of MS and analyzed using the independent t-test...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664450/quantitative-assessment-of-vertebral-artery-anatomy-in-relation-to-cervical-pedicles-surgical-considerations-based-on-regional-differences
#15
Amro Al-Habib, Fahad Albadr, Jehad Ahmed, Abdulrahman Aleissa, Abdullah Al Towim
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the anatomic relationship between the Cervical pedicle screw (CPS), vertebral artery (VA), and related anatomic structures in the Saudi population. METHODS: This retrospective single center study included 50 consecutive patients (35 males) with normal neck findings on computed tomography angiography performed for trauma or vascular evaluation between 2012 and 2014. Radiologic parameters were assessed and correlated with age, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI)...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664449/neurometabolic-disorders-and-congenital-malformations-of-the-central-nervous-system
#16
Ahmed Y BoAli, Majid Alfadhel, Brahim Tabarki
Both malformations of the central nervous system and neurometabolic disorders are common, mainly in highly consanguineous populations. Both metabolic pathways and developmental pathways are closely related and interact with each other. Neurometabolic disorders can lead to disturbances in brain development through multiple mechanisms that include deficits in energy metabolism, critical nutrient deficiency, accumulation of neurotoxic substrates, abnormality in cell membrane constituents, and interference in cell-to-cell signaling pathways...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664448/a-review-of-the-bidirectional-relationship-between-psychiatric-disorders-and-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Abdulrahman A Al-Atram
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, including Saudi Arabia. Among patients with diabetes, 30% suffer from mental disorders, such as depression, schizophrenia, delirium, and substance misuse (for example, tobacco smoking). Moreover, these disorders appear to share a bidirectional relationship with diabetes. For example, the incidence of diabetes has been shown to be 2-4 times greater in patients with schizophrenia than in normal individuals; also, there is a known association between depression and diabetes...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455227/the-clinical-features-of-patients-concurrent-with-guillain-barre-syndrome-and-myasthenia-gravis
#18
Junliang Yuan, Juan Zhang, Bingwei Zhang, Wenli Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all the coincidence cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: We performed web-based research of the overlapping incidence of GBS and MG in studies occurring from 1982 to 2016 and restricted to the English language. RESULTS: Among 15 cases, an elevated CSF protein level without pleocytosis was found in 10 cases (66.7%); reduced nerve conduction was found in 13 cases (86.6%); a positive repetitive nerve stimulation test occurred in 11 cases (73...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455226/respiratory-support-attitudes-among-pediatric-intensive-care-staff-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohamad-Hani A Temsah, Fahad M Al-Sohime, Fahad A Bashiri, Ayman A Al-Eyadhy, Gamal M Hasan, Ali A Alhaboob
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapeutic attitude of healthcare providers practicing in pediatric critical care in Saudi Arabia toward patients with Spinal Muscular Atroph (SMA) Type I, and to explore their awareness about the International Consensus statement for SMA care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in April 2015 during 6th Saudi Critical Care Conference, targeting physicians and respiratory therapists practicing in Pediatric Critical Care. RESULTS: Sixty participants accepted to participate in this survey...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455225/editorial-message
#20
Waleed Khoja, Khalid Hundallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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