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Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678221/pediatric-acute-transverse-myelitis
#1
Bashaer Albulushi, Brahim Tabarki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678220/neuropsychiatric-and-neurological-problems-among-vitamin-b12-deficient-young-vegetarians
#2
Aneel Kapoor, Mukhtiar Baig, Saeed A Tunio, Abdul S Memon, Hotchand Karmani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of neuropsychiatric and neurological problems in apparently healthy young vegetarians and estimate serum Vitamin B12, methylmalonic acid (MMA), and folic acid levels. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Biochemistry, Basic Medical Sciences Institute (BMSI), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Karachi, Pakistan, in the years of 2012 and 2013. The data of 100 vegetarians and 100 omnivores were analyzed and compared...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678219/frontal-subcortical-defects-correlate-with-task-switching-deficits-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Amara Gul, Javed Yousaf, Hira Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlation between frontal-subcortical/ parietal-cortical functioning and task switching. METHODS: An experimental study was designed to examine objectives with 80 participants (40 patients with idiopathic Parkinson`s disease (PD) and 40 healthy controls). Patients were recruited from February until September 2016 at Recep Tayyip Erdogan Hospital Pakistan, Muzaffargarh, Pakistan and healthy controls participated from community. Participants were administered Parkinson`s disease cognitive rating scale and Word-Digit categorization task switching experiment...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678218/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-males
#4
Hissah K Al Abdulsalam, Abdulrazag M Ajlan
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a neurological condition characterized by increased intracranial pressure without an underlying intracranial pathology. This condition is rarely encountered in men and it predominantly affects obese women of childbearing age. We present an interesting case of IIH in a male patient who presented with acute severe vision loss over 2 weeks and was successfully treated via surgery. Although IIH is less common in men than in women, men are more likely to develop vision loss, which is usually severe and less likely to respond to medical treatment...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678217/choroid-plexus-tuberculoma-diagnosis-management-and-role-of-endoscopy
#5
Nishanth Sadashiva, Bevinahalli N Nandeesh, Dhaval Shukla, Bhagavatula I Devi
Ventricular involvement in central nervous system tuberculosis can be in the form of tuberculous ependymitis, intraventricular tuberculoma, intraventricular tuberculous abscess, choroid plexitis and choroid plexus tuberculoma. Only a few cases of choroid plexus tuberculomas have been described and even more rare is the description of the role of endoscopy in management of intraventricular tuberculomas. We report a 33-year-old patient while on treatment for tubercular meningitis who developed a left side choroid plexus lesion with loculated temporal horn...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678216/public-awareness-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Matar A Alsehemi, Mahmoud M Abousaadah, Razan A Sairafi, Mohammed M Jan
OBJECTIVE: Examine the awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in our community which would help in early recognition and improved support of affected families. METHODS: A focused 20-item questionnaire was designed to survey the public awareness and knowledge of ASD. Personal interviews were conducted during an ASD awareness day, which was organized in a major shopping mall on February 20, 2015 in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: A total of 259 individuals participated in the study with 47% being <30 years of age and 57% being females...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678215/intercorrelations-of-morphology-with-hemodynamics-in-intracranial-aneurysms-in-computational-fluid-dynamics
#7
Tianlun Qiu, Guoliang Jin, Wuqiao Bao, Haitao Lu
OBJECTIVE: To measure morphological indices and wall shear stress (WSS) of aneurysms and parent artery surface in order to explore the relationship of morphological characteristics and WSS. METHODS: Data from 47 events of consecutive cerebral saccular aneurysms from 39 patients which were referred to the interventional Neuroradiology service of the Shaoxing People`s Hospital, Shaoxing, China between 2014 April and 2015 August. Wall shear stress and wall pressure (WP) of the pre-aneurysm, aneurysm and near vessel (<1...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678214/dissociative-features-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#8
Tonguc D Berkol, Yasin H Balcioglu, Simge S Kirlioglu, Habib Erensoy, Meltem Vural
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between the dissociative features of FMS and the pain, psychological status, and functional status. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 24 controls from the Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital (2013-2015) were included in this cross-sectional study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Disorders was used to evaluate the participants...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678213/decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-experience-from-the-western-province-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Haifa M Algethamy, Afnan Samman, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammed A Almekhlafi, Yousef A Al Said, Ahmed Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience implementing decompressive hemicraniectomy (DH) for eligible patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of malignant MCA infarction patients requiring DH at King Abdulaziz University Hospital & King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between October 2010 and July 2015. Clinical outcome was assessed immediately postoperatively using Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), and at 12 months using the modified Rankin scale (mRS) and Barthel index...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678212/functional-recovery-differences-after-stroke-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-uni-or-bilateral-hemiparesis
#10
Saad M Bindawas, Hussam M Mawajdeh, Vishal S Vennu, Hisham M Alhaidary
OBJECTIVE: To examine the functional recovery differences after stroke rehabilitation in patients with uni- or bilateral hemiparesis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included data from the medical record of all 383 patients with uni- or bilateral hemiparesis after stroke who were admitted to King Fahad Medical City-Rehabilitation Hospital between 2008 and 2014 in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. According to the site of hemiparesis, we classified patients into 3 groups: right hemiparesis (n=208), left hemiparesis (n=157), and bilateral hemipareses (n=18)...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678211/incidence-and-impact-of-stroke-during-hajj-results-of-2015-hajj-stroke-registry
#11
Mohammed A Almekhlafi, Maher A Alhazmi, Sarah S Alsulami, Soha A Almorsy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of stroke among pilgrims and describe factors associated with presentation and management during Hajj. Physical stress, age and vascular risk factors render pilgrims at a high risk of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective registry of all acute stroke patients admitted to 6 hospitals during the 2015 Hajj season from 9 September to 4 November. Participating hospitals were King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Al-Noor, King Abdulaziz hospital, King Faisal hospital, Hira, and Mena general hospitals; all in Makkah city...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678210/clinical-and-electrophysiological-evaluation-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-approach-and-pitfalls
#12
Mohammed H Alanazy
One of the most common referrals to the electrodiagnostic (EDX) laboratory is to confirm a clinical impression of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The EDX studies are valuable in localizing median nerve abnormalities to the wrist, grading its severity, and excluding other condition that can mimic or coexist with CTS. However, there are many clinical and EDX pitfalls that can lead to misdiagnosis. Careful clinical assessment and attention to technical factors and details of the EDX techniques are fundamental for the quality and accurate interpretation of the study...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416791/management-of-convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-children-an-adapted-clinical-practice-guideline-for-pediatricians-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Fahad A Bashiri, Muddathir H Hamad, Yasser S Amer, Manal M Abouelkheir, Sarar Mohamed, Amal Y Kentab, Mustafa A Salih, Mohammad N Al Nasser, Ayman A Al-Eyadhy, Mohammed A Al Othman, Tahani Al-Ahmadi, Shaikh M Iqbal, Ali M Somily, Hayfaa A Wahabi, Khalid J Hundallah, Ali H Alwadei, Raidah S Albaradie, Waleed A Al-Twaijri, Mohammed M Jan, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Abdulrahman M Alnemri, Lubna A Al-Ansary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416790/a-meta-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-visinin-like-protein-1-in-alzheimers-disease-patients-relative-to-healthy-controls-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#14
Xiaohui Hu, Yan Yang, Daokai Gong
OBJECTIVE: To compare cerebrospinal fluid visinin-like protein-1 (CSF VLP-1) in alzheimer`s disease (AD) with that in healthy controls and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients and find out possible sources of heterogeneity. METHODS: "Visinin-like protein-1" and "alzheimer`s disease" were employed to search "PubMed", "Springer" and "Medline" databases until July 2016 and standard mean difference (Std.MD) was calculated. Besides, subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed to explore the possible heterogeneity sources...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416789/pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration
#15
Khalid Hundallah, Afnan Al Hakeem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416788/characteristics-of-arabic-websites-with-information-on-autism
#16
Fahad M Alnemary, Faisal M Alnemary, Abdulrahman S Alamri, Yassar A Alamri
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of Arabic websites with information on autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: The word autism in Arabic was entered into 2 popular search engines in September 2013 to locate the top 80 websites featuring the term. Websites were sorted using 10 characteristics, previously used to evaluate the characteristics of English websites with information on ASD. RESULTS: Most websites were registered using a ...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416787/a-family-with-hereditary-cerebellar-ataxia-finally-confirmed-as-gerstmann-straussler-scheinker-syndrome-with-p102l-mutation-in-prnp-gene
#17
Ling Long, Xiaodong Cai, Yaqing Shu, Zhengqi Lu
Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) is an exceedingly rare prion disease. There are only 3 case reports of GSS in China. Here we report the first GSS family in southern China. A 47-year-old female complained of unsteady gait and dysarthria. Seven other individuals presented similar symptoms in 3 generations of her family, and all died 4-6 years after onset. To detect causative mutations, we employed a gene analysis panel of hereditary diseases. This revealed a P102L mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) gene, which is commonly found in GSS featuring cerebellar ataxia...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416786/basilar-artery-vasospasm-after-pretuncal-non-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-responding-to-milrinone
#18
Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Abdullah S Alamri, Mohamed M Badawy, Benjamin W Lo
Pretruncal (perimesencephalic) non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH) is uniformly associated with an excellent outcome. Although cerebral vasospasm remains a common complication of SAH and constitutes an important predictor of outcome, in the setting of PNSAH, it is extremely rare. Preturnal non-aneurysmal subarac refers to a subset of SAH patients with a characteristic pattern of localized blood on CT of the head, normal cerebral angiography, and benign course when compared to the aneurysmal SAH population...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416785/a-novel-mutation-in-the-glycine-decarboxylase-gene-in-patient-with-non-ketotic-hyperglycinemia
#19
Engin Kose, Uluc Yis, Semra Hiz, Nur Arslan
Non-ketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a rare inborn error of metabolism and is caused by a glycine cleavage system deficiency. Eighty-five percent of patients present with the neonatal type of NKH, the infants initially develop lethargy, seizures, and episodes of apnea, and most often death. Between 60-90% of cases are caused by mutations in the glycine decarboxylase (GLDC). We believed that more mutation reports especially for rare disease as NKH help to evaluate the genotype-phenotype relationship in patients with GLDC...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416784/longitudinal-extensive-transverse-myelitis-letm-in-children-a-twenty-year-study-from-oman
#20
Roshan Koul, Amna M Alfutaisi, Renjith Mani, Rana A Abdel Rahim, Dilip K Sankhla, Faisal M Al Azri
OBJECTIVE: The data on children with diagnosis of idiopathic transverse myelitis (ITM) was searched to find the pattern of myelitis in Oman. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out from January1995 to December 2014. Electronic medical records and patient medical files were seen to get the complete data of the children with ITM. This work was carried out at Sultan Qaboos University hospital, Muscat, Oman. The ethical committee of the hospital had approved the study...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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