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Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744470/outcome-of-intracranial-arterial-stenting-of-symptomatic-atherosclerotic-disease-a-single-center-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#1
Youssef Al Said, Khalil Kurdi, Saleh S Baeesa, Ahmed Najjar, Mohammed Almekhlafi, Ahmed Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To present our local experience with intracranial angioplasty and stenting used for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis to assess its safety, efficacy, and outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all the patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease who underwent endovascular treatment in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and research center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2003 to December 2014. Clinical, procedural, and outcome variables were gathered...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744469/subdural-hematoma-caused-by-rupture-of-a-posterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm
#2
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi, Zhou Feng, Zhi Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744468/mri-findings-in-a-case-of-spinal-cord-wallerian-degeneration-following-trauma
#3
Puneet Mittal, Ranjana Gupta, Amit Mittal, Kapish Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744467/perfusion-weighted-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-the-pathology-and-outcomes-of-lateral-medullary-infarction
#4
Dao P Zhang, Hong T Zhang, Suo Yin, Fu L Yan
This series case report aimed to elucidate the underlying pathology and outcomes of lateral medullary infarction (LMI) using perfusion weighted imaging (PWI). Four patients were diagnosed with LMI based on high-field diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI-DWI) and PWI. The national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) scores were recorded on days 1, 7, and 30, and the Barthel index was assessed on days 7 and 30. Three patients exhibited relative regional hypoperfusion of medullary lesion in the perfusion maps...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744466/posterior-fossa-ruptured-dermoid-cyst-presenting-with-hydrocephalus
#5
Abrar A Wani, Uday S Raswan, Nayil K Malik, Altaf U Ramzan
Dermoid cysts are rare, benign lesions of embryological origin that represent 0.1-0.7% of all intracranial tumors. They are mainly located in the supra tentorial space, especially in the parasellar region. Their location in the posterior fossa remains uncommon. Rupture of intracranial dermoid cysts is a rare phenomenon. We present a case of dermoid cyst, which had ruptured into ventricular system. Computed Tomography and MRI revealed fat in the fourth ventricle, prepontine cistern, and cerebellomedullary cistern...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744465/assessment-of-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-functional-status-and-disability-of-patients-with-stroke
#6
Derya Memis, Erkan Kozanoglu, Bayram Kelle, Mustafa K Goncu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of demographic and clinical characteristics on mobility, disability, and activities of daily life of patients with stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study was performed in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine in Adana, Turkey, between February 2011 and December 2011. The study included 126 patients with stroke. The Brunnstrom recovery scale (BRS), functional ambulation classification scale (FACS), modified Barthel index (MBI), modified Rankin scale (MRS), and Rivermead mobility index (RMI) were used in the evaluation of the functional status of stroke patients...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744464/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-suicide-probability-in-inpatients-and-their-psychological-symptoms-and-coping-strategies
#7
Dilek Avci, Selma Sabanciogullar, Feride T Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between suicide probability and psychological symptoms and coping strategies in hospitalized patients with physical illness. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2014 in Bandirma State Hospital, Balikesir, Turkey. The sample of the study consisted of 470 inpatients who met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate in the study. The data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Suicide Probability Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory and Ways of Coping with Stress Inventory...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744463/patients-reasons-for-obtaining-psychotropic-medications-without-a-prescription-at-retail-pharmacies-in-central-saudi-arabia
#8
Fahad D Alosaimi, Fay S Alruwais, Fadah A Alanazi, Ghaida A Alabidi, Nadia A Aljomah, Nuha S Alsalameh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible causes behind adults seeking psychotropic medications without a prescription; identify the most commonly used psychotropic medications without a prescription; and determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders among adults who used psychotropic medications without a prescription in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to August 2015. A convenience sample was taken by distributing a self-administered questionnaire among participants who had obtained psychotropic medications without a prescription from retail pharmacies during the 4 weeks prior to study intake in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744462/effects-of-botulinum-toxin-serotype-a-on-sleep-problems-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-on-mothers-sleep-quality-and-depression
#9
Vildan Binay Safer, Sibel Ozbudak Demir, Esma Ozkan, Fulya Demircioglu Guneri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) effects on sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and on mothers` sleep quality and depression at multiple time points. METHODS: This is a single center, cross sectional, and observational study was conducted to assess children with CP who were admitted. We recruited children with CP who were admitted to Ministry of Health Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between September 2012 and April 2014 for the BoNT-A injection for lower limb spasticity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744461/epilepsy-services-in-saudi-arabia-quantitative-assessment-and-identification-of-challenges
#10
Saud M Alfayez, Bandar N Aljafen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epilepsy services and identify the challenges in hospitals without epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). In addition, comparisons between governmental and private sectors, as well as between regions, are to be performed. METHODS: A cross sectional study conducted using an online questionnaire distributed to the secondary and tertiary hospitals without EMUs throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The study was conducted from September 2013 to September 2015 and regular updates from all respondents were constantly made...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744460/clinical-results-of-carotid-artery-stenting-versus-carotid-endarterectomy
#11
Tuba Akinci, Eda Derle, Seda Kibaroğlu, Ali Harman, Feride Kural, Pınar Cınar, Munire Kilinc, Hakki T Akay, Ufuk Can, Ulku S Benli
OBJECTIVE: To review our results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: We evaluated the medical records of patients undergoing carotid artery revascularization procedure, between 2001 and 2013 in Baskent University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Carotid artery stenting or CEA procedures were performed in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (>/=70%) or symptomatic stenosis (>/=50%). Demographic data, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were recorded...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744459/dental-health-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744458/mechanisms-and-regulation-of-neurotrophin-synthesis-and-secretion
#13
Mohammad A Al-Qudah, Ahmed Al-Dwairi
Neurotrophins are secreted proteins that are synthesized as pre-pro-neurotrophins on the rough endoplasmic reticulum, which are subsequently processed and then secreted as mature proteins. During synthesis, neurotrophins are sorted in the trans-Golgi apparatus into 2 pathways of secretion; the constitutive and the regulated pathways. Neurotrophins in the constitutive pathway are secreted cautiously without any trigger, while in the regulated pathway of secretion an external stimulus elevates the calcium concentration intracellularly leading to neurotrophin release...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744457/stroke-rehabilitation-a-call-to-action-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal S Vennu
Stroke is a major cause of death and other complications worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, stroke has become an emerging health issue leading to disability and death. However, stroke care including rehabilitation services, in Saudi Arabia lags behind developed countries. Stroke rehabilitation is an essential recovery option after stroke and should start as early as possible to avoid potential complications. The growing evidence on stroke rehabilitation effectiveness in different health care settings and outcome measures used widely are reviewed in this call to action paper...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356666/incidence-of-autism-in-high-risk-neonatal-follow-up
#15
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi, Adel A Mahmoud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356665/a-diagnostic-riddle-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-meningioma-or-intracranial-fungal-granuloma
#16
Syed A Ali, Anita Jagetia, Kavita Gaur, Puja Sakhuja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356664/methanol-intoxication-with-cerebral-hemorrhage
#17
Tharwat M Aisa, Omar M Ballut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356663/cerebral-fat-embolism-syndrome-following-total-knee-replacement-causing-a-devastating-neurocognitive-sequelae
#18
Dareen S Al-Shaer, Omar Ayoub, Naushad A Ahamed, Amro M Al-Hibshi, Saleh S Baeesa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356662/state-of-clinical-neuroscience-research-in-saudi-arabia-where-do-we-rank-in-the-world
#19
Abdulhakim B Jamjoom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356661/patterns-of-antiepileptic-drugs-use-in-epileptic-pediatric-patients-in-jordan
#20
Abla Albsoul-Younes, Lubna Gharaibeh, Amer A Murtaja, Amira Masri, Ibrahim Alabbadi, Abdelkarim A Al-Qudah
OBJECTIVE: To determine prescribing patterns of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in pediatric patients with confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy, and to provide knowledge of general practice of physicians. METHODS: The study was a multi-center crosssectional observational study, in specialized clinics for management of epilepsy in north, central and south Jordan. This study was conducted from January 2014 to July 2014. These were 3 from university tertiary care hospitals and 4 from governmental tertiary care hospitals...
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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