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Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416791/management-of-convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-children-an-adapted-clinical-practice-guideline-for-pediatricians-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Fahad A Bashiri, Muddathir H Hamad, Yasser S Amer, Manal M Abouelkheir, Sarar Mohamed, Amal Y Kentab, Mustafa A Salih, Mohammad N Al Nasser, Ayman A Al-Eyadhy, Mohammed A Al Othman, Tahani Al-Ahmadi, Shaikh M Iqbal, Ali M Somily, Hayfaa A Wahabi, Khalid J Hundallah, Ali H Alwadei, Raidah S Albaradie, Waleed A Al-Twaijri, Mohammed M Jan, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Abdulrahman M Alnemri, Lubna A Al-Ansary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416790/a-meta-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-visinin-like-protein-1-in-alzheimers-disease-patients-relative-to-healthy-controls-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#2
Xiaohui Hu, Yan Yang, Daokai Gong
OBJECTIVE: To compare cerebrospinal fluid visinin-like protein-1 (CSF VLP-1) in alzheimer`s disease (AD) with that in healthy controls and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients and find out possible sources of heterogeneity. METHODS: "Visinin-like protein-1" and "alzheimer`s disease" were employed to search "PubMed", "Springer" and "Medline" databases until July 2016 and standard mean difference (Std.MD) was calculated. Besides, subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed to explore the possible heterogeneity sources...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416789/pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration
#3
Khalid Hundallah, Afnan Al Hakeem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416788/characteristics-of-arabic-websites-with-information-on-autism
#4
Fahad M Alnemary, Faisal M Alnemary, Abdulrahman S Alamri, Yassar A Alamri
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of Arabic websites with information on autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: The word autism in Arabic was entered into 2 popular search engines in September 2013 to locate the top 80 websites featuring the term. Websites were sorted using 10 characteristics, previously used to evaluate the characteristics of English websites with information on ASD. RESULTS: Most websites were registered using a ...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416787/a-family-with-hereditary-cerebellar-ataxia-finally-confirmed-as-gerstmann-straussler-scheinker-syndrome-with-p102l-mutation-in-prnp-gene
#5
Ling Long, Xiaodong Cai, Yaqing Shu, Zhengqi Lu
Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) is an exceedingly rare prion disease. There are only 3 case reports of GSS in China. Here we report the first GSS family in southern China. A 47-year-old female complained of unsteady gait and dysarthria. Seven other individuals presented similar symptoms in 3 generations of her family, and all died 4-6 years after onset. To detect causative mutations, we employed a gene analysis panel of hereditary diseases. This revealed a P102L mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) gene, which is commonly found in GSS featuring cerebellar ataxia...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416786/basilar-artery-vasospasm-after-pretuncal-non-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-responding-to-milrinone
#6
Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Abdullah S Alamri, Mohamed M Badawy, Benjamin W Lo
Pretruncal (perimesencephalic) non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH) is uniformly associated with an excellent outcome. Although cerebral vasospasm remains a common complication of SAH and constitutes an important predictor of outcome, in the setting of PNSAH, it is extremely rare. Preturnal non-aneurysmal subarac refers to a subset of SAH patients with a characteristic pattern of localized blood on CT of the head, normal cerebral angiography, and benign course when compared to the aneurysmal SAH population...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416785/a-novel-mutation-in-the-glycine-decarboxylase-gene-in-patient-with-non-ketotic-hyperglycinemia
#7
Engin Kose, Uluc Yis, Semra Hiz, Nur Arslan
Non-ketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a rare inborn error of metabolism and is caused by a glycine cleavage system deficiency. Eighty-five percent of patients present with the neonatal type of NKH, the infants initially develop lethargy, seizures, and episodes of apnea, and most often death. Between 60-90% of cases are caused by mutations in the glycine decarboxylase (GLDC). We believed that more mutation reports especially for rare disease as NKH help to evaluate the genotype-phenotype relationship in patients with GLDC...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416784/longitudinal-extensive-transverse-myelitis-letm-in-children-a-twenty-year-study-from-oman
#8
Roshan Koul, Amna M Alfutaisi, Renjith Mani, Rana A Abdel Rahim, Dilip K Sankhla, Faisal M Al Azri
OBJECTIVE: The data on children with diagnosis of idiopathic transverse myelitis (ITM) was searched to find the pattern of myelitis in Oman. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out from January1995 to December 2014. Electronic medical records and patient medical files were seen to get the complete data of the children with ITM. This work was carried out at Sultan Qaboos University hospital, Muscat, Oman. The ethical committee of the hospital had approved the study...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416783/predictive-and-prognostic-role-of-mean-platelet-volume-in-patients-with-first-ever-acute-ischemic-stroke
#9
Ugur Lok, Umut Gulacti, Burcu Ekmekci, Taner Bulut, Murat Celik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate any possible effects of mean platelet volume (MPV) on short-term stroke prognosis and functional outcome in patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke (FEAIS). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 798 FEAIS patients admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Adiyaman, Turkey between January 2013 and June 2015. The data were evaluated according to whether alive or dead, MPV levels, modified Rankin scale (MRS) scores, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416782/assessment-of-atherosclerotic-risk-among-patients-with-epilepsy-on-valproic-acid-lamotrigine-and-carbamazepine-treatment
#10
Nudrat A Zuberi, Mukhtiar Baig, Shazia Bano, Zehra Batool, Saeeda Haider, Tahira Perveen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term effects of carbamazepine (CBZ), valproic acid (VPA), and lamotrigine (LTG) as monotherapy on the markers of vascular risk. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was carried out at the Department of Neurology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2013. We selected 120 adult patients with epilepsy and 40 control subjects. The patients with epilepsy were divided into 3 groups according to the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (CBZ, n = 40; VPA, n = 40; and LTG, n = 40)...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416781/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-seizures-occurring-after-craniotomy-for-primary-brain-tumor-resection
#11
Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Abdullah A Alruwaita, Bothaina O Marae, Bushra S Alraddadi, Hani M Tamim, Ahmad Ferayan, Yaseen M Arabi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of early post-craniotomy seizures. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent craniotomy for primary brain tumor resection (2002-2011) and admitted postoperatively to the intensive care unit. The patients were divided into 2 groups depending on the occurrence of seizures within 7 days. RESULTS: One-hundred-ninety-three patients were studied: 35...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416780/new-onset-epilepsy-in-the-elderly-clinical-radiological-and-electroencephalographic-features-and-treatment-responses
#12
Erum M Shariff, Fahd A AlKhamis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate new onset epilepsy characteristics, etiology, radiological and electroencephalographic features and to document treatment response in the elderly. METHODS: This was a retrospective study carried out in King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from 2010 to 2013. Medical records were searched to recruit patients. Hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled who fulfill the inclusion criteria. Clinical data with respect to seizure semiology, etiology, electroencephalographic findings, radiological findings, co-morbidities, and anti-epileptic drug (AED) therapy were assessed...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416779/neuronal-network-models-of-epileptogenesis
#13
Aminu T Abdullahi, Lawan H Adamu
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition, following some trigger, transforming a normal brain to one that produces recurrent unprovoked seizures. In the search for the mechanisms that best explain the epileptogenic process, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that the epilepsies are network level disorders. In this review, we briefly describe the concept of neuronal networks and highlight 2 methods used to analyse such networks. The first method, graph theory, is used to describe general characteristics of a network to facilitate comparison between normal and abnormal networks...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064337/past-current-and-future
#14
Waleed Khoja, Khalid Hundallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064336/vitamin-d-is-it-a-primary-hormone-targeting-the-migraine-headache-or-just-as-adjunct-therapy
#15
Marwan S Al-Nimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064335/acute-psychosis-in-children-do-not-miss-immune-mediated-causes
#16
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi, Brahim Tabarki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064334/an-unusual-flight-associated-occipital-headache
#17
Shivika Nath, Ashok K Saxena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064333/neurological-expression-of-an-inherited-translocation-of-chromosomal-1-and-7
#18
Nabil A AlMajhad, Amal M AlHashem, Inesse A Bouhjar, Brahim M Tabarki
An unbalanced translocation of chromosome 1 and 7 (t[1;7]) associated with neurological phenotype and brain malformation has rarely been reported. This clinical report describes 3 siblings with brain malformations and a 13.5 Mb duplication of 1q42.3q44, and a 7.6 Mb duplication of 7q36.1q36.3 detected by array comparative genomic hybridization. This unbalanced t(1;7) was found to be inherited from a balanced translocation from the mother. All the patients presented with hypotonia, microcephaly, developmental delay, seizures, abnormal corpus callosum and abnormal cerebellum...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064332/the-endovascular-treatment-of-bilateral-infarction-of-middle-cerebellar-peduncles-etiology-and-endovascular-treatment-analysis
#19
Qihao Dong, Guoxian Jing, Ju Han
Infarction of the symmetrical middle cerebellar peduncles is often induced by ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Adams described the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) syndrome as early as 1943, but clinical and imaging studies following this failed to shed more light regarding the condition until the advent of magnetic resonance imaging that comprehension regarding AICA improved significantly. Infarction of the middle cerebellar peduncles (MCP) is uncommon and the endovascular treatment of this condition is even more rare...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064331/severe-intermittent-anxiety-attacks-a-diagnosis-challenge-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#20
Abdulaziz T Alshomrani, Radwan M Zaidan, Yosef T Abdulmalik, Nader M Alrahili
Psychiatric symptoms are frequently reported with epilepsy. Anxiety symptoms are the most common psychiatric expressions of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Longer duration of the epileptic manifestation can be mistaken for psychiatric diseases, particularly when psychiatric symptoms are the only manifestations of the disorder. Here we introduce a case of a 27-year-old Saudi man presented to our clinic with a history of sudden and severe anxiety attacks over the prior 2 years, each lasting for 2-3 days. The attacks recurred monthly without clear triggers, and he recovered his normal clinical state between them...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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