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Journal of Clinical Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856166/hematoma-related-nonhabitual-seizures-during-subdural-electrode-monitoring
#1
LETTER
Kyoung Jin Hwang, Eun Yeon Joo, Seung Bong Hong, Dae Won Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856165/agenesis-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-associated-with-generalized-epilepsy
#2
LETTER
Paolino La Spina, Francesco Grillo, Francesca Granata, Carmela Casella, Maria Carolina Fazio, Margherita Colella, Masina Cotroneo, Cristina Dell'Aera, Antonio Ciacciarelli, Giuseppe Vita, Rosa Musolino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856164/ultrasonography-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-diabetic-lumbosacral-radiculoplexus-neuropathy
#3
LETTER
Jae Young An, Dae Woong Bae, Francis O Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856162/measurement-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-its-association-with-eyeball-diameter-in-healthy-adults
#4
Dong Hwan Kim, Jin Sun Jun, Ryul Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is an indirect marker of the intracranial pressure, but the normal range of ONSD as measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its associations with clinical parameters and the eyeball transverse diameter (ETD) remain unclear. METHODS: We included 314 healthy adults who underwent brain MRI examinations for health screening between June 2014 and September 2017. The ONSD and ETD of each eye were calculated using time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856161/incidence-and-clinical-significance-of-positional-downbeat-nystagmus-in-posterior-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#5
Eun Hye Oh, Jae Hoon Lee, Hyo Jung Kim, Seo Young Choi, Kwang Dong Choi, Jae Hwan Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of positional downbeat nystagmus (pDBN) after treatment of posterior canal (PC) benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS: We recruited 77 patients with a diagnosis of PC BPPV, and assessed the presence of pDBN during follow-up positional tests after performing the Epley maneuver. RESULTS: An immediate response to the Epley maneuver was exhibited by 57 of the 77 patients, with resolution of their positional torsional upbeat nystagmus (pT-UBN)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856160/applicability-of-mcdonald-2010-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-multiple-sclerosis-magnims-2016-magnetic-resonance-imaging-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-sri-lanka
#6
Sujani Madhurika Kodagoda Gamage, Indunil Wijeweera, Priyangi Wijesinghe, Sanjaya Bandara Adikari, Katharina Fink, Herath Mudiyanselage Ajith Sominanda
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The magnetic resonance imaging in multiple sclerosis (MAGNIMS) group recently proposed guidelines to replace the existing dissemination-in-space criteria in McDonald 2010 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for diagnosing multiple sclerosis. There has been insufficient research regarding their applicability in Asians. Objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of McDonald 2010 and MAGNIMS 2016 MRI criteria with the aim of verifying their applicability in Sri Lankan patients...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856159/recurrent-optic-neuritis-as-the-initial-symptom-in-demyelinating-diseases
#7
Alessandra Billi Falcão-Gonçalvesa, Denis Bernardi Bichuetti, Enedina Maria Lobato de Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optic neuritis (ON) is an inflammation of the optic nerve that can be recurrent, with unilateral or bilateral presentation. Diagnosing recurrent cases may be challenging. We aimed to compare patients with recurrent ON as their initial symptom according to their following final diagnoses: multiple sclerosis (MS), neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), or chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy (CRION). METHODS: The medical records of patients with initial recurrent ON who were followed at the Neuroimmunology Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo between 2004 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856158/efficacy-of-gaze-photographs-in-diagnosing-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#8
Jeeyun Ahn, Kyung Seok Park, Ji Soo Kim, Jeong Min Hwang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The various tests that are routinely used to diagnose generalized myasthenia gravis, such as the edrophonium test, serum anti-acetylcholine-receptor antibodies (AChR-Ab), and repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) tests, have lower diagnostic sensitivity in ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG). Diagnosing OMG becomes even more difficult when the clinical symptoms are subtle. There is no gold-standard diagnostic test available for OMG patients, and so this study compared the diagnostic sensitivity of gaze photographs with conventional tests in OMG...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856157/interleukin-6-s-nitrosothiols-and-neurodegeneration-in-different-central-nervous-system-demyelinating-disorders-is-there-a-relationship
#9
Vera Fominykh, Anna Vorobyeva, Mikhail V Onufriev, Lev Brylev, Maria N Zakharova, Natalia V Gulyaevaa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A few groups have suggested that activated cytokines and nitrosative stress are closely involved in the pathogenesis of different demyelinating disorders induced by the neuroinflammatory destruction of neurons. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the associations of cytokines and S-nitrosothiols (RSNO) with the severity of neurodegeneration during relapse in demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system. METHODS: We measured levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), erythropoietin, RSNO, and phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNfh) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained from patients with different demyelinating disorders: multiple sclerosis (MS, n=52), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM, n=9), and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) with aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G (AQP4-IgG, n=12)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856156/secondary-short-lasting-unilateral-neuralgiform-headache-with-conjunctival-injection-and-tearing-a-new-case-and-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Ya Cao, Fei Yang, Zhao Dong, Xusheng Huang, Bingzhen Cao, Shengyuan Yu
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) is a primary headache syndrome with an unclear pathogenesis. However, there is increasing evidence in the literature for secondary SUNCT being attributable to certain known lesions. We explored the possible neurobiological mechanism underlying SUNCT based on all reported cases of secondary SUNCT for which detailed information is available. Here we report a case of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders that had typical symptoms of SUNCT that might have been attributable to involvement of the spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856163/a-psychiatric-side-effect-of-levetiracetam-can-mimic-a-relapse-of-anti-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-encephalitis
#11
LETTER
Yoonhyuk Jang, Soon Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856155/safety-and-efficacy-of-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-from-fermented-rice-germ-in-patients-with-insomnia-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#12
Jung Ick Byun, Yu Yong Shin, Sung Eun Chung, Won Chul Shin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the subjective and objective improvements in sleep quality after treatment with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA; 300 mg daily) extracted from unpolished rice germ. METHODS: This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial. In total, 40 patients who complained of insomnia symptoms were enrolled and randomly assigned to the GABA treatment group (n=30) or the placebo group (n=10)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856154/sympathetic-overactivity-based-on-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#13
Jangsup Moon, Kang Hyun Choi, Jung Hyun Park, Tae Jin Song, Yun Seo Choi, Ju Hee Kim, Hyeon Jin Kim, Hyang Woon Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cerebral white-matter changes (WMC), but the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Our aim was to identify the cardiovascular autonomic characteristics during sleep that are associated with cerebral WMC in OSA patients. METHODS: We recruited subjects from our sleep-center database who underwent both polysomnography and brain MRI within a 1-year period. Sixty patients who had OSA with WMC (OSA+WMC), 44 patients who had OSA without WMC (OSA-WMC), and 31 control subjects who had neither OSA nor WMC were analyzed...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856153/stimulation-in-supplementary-motor-area-versus-motor-cortex-for-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Sang Jin Kim, Sung Hwa Paeng, Suk Yun Kang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a frustrating problem in Parkinson's disease (PD) for which there is no effective treatment. Our aim was to find brain stimulation areas showing greater responses for reducing FOG. METHODS: Twelve PD patients with FOG were selected for inclusion. We explored the therapeutic effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the supplementary motor area (SMA) and the motor cortex (MC). We measured the number of steps, completion time, and freezing episodes during the stand-walk-sit test before and after rTMS treatment...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856152/severe-hemifacial-spasm-is-a-predictor-of-severe-indentation-and-facial-palsy-after-microdecompression-surgery
#15
Boo Suk Na, Jin Whan Cho, Kwan Park, Soonwook Kwon, Ye Sel Kim, Ji Sun Kim, Jinyoung Youn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is mostly caused by the compression of the facial nerve by cerebral vessels, but the significance of spasm severity remains unclear. We investigated the clinical significance of spasm severity in patients with HFS who underwent microvascular decompression (MVD). METHODS: We enrolled 636 patients with HFS who underwent MVD between May 2010 and December 2013 at Samsung Medical Center (SMC), Seoul, Korea. Subjects were divided into two groups based on spasm severity: severe (SMC grade 3 or 4) and mild (SMC grade 1 or 2)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856151/patterns-of-orthostatic-blood-pressure-changes-in-patients-with-orthostatic-hypotension
#16
Hung Youl Seok, Yoo Hwan Kim, Hayom Kim, Byung Jo Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the patterns of blood pressure (BP) changes during the head-up tilt (HUT) test, particularly in terms of its clinical significance for patients with orthostatic hypotension (OH). METHODS: OH was divided into four categories based on systolic BP changes occurring within the first 10 minutes of the HUT test: sustained orthostatic hypotension (SOH), progressive orthostatic hypotension (POH), orthostatic hypotension with partial recovery (OHPR), and transient orthostatic hypotension (TOH)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629536/coexistence-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-the-proband-of-an-x-linked-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-1-pedigree-in-china
#17
LETTER
Shu Yan Feng, Shu Man Feng, Liu Yi Li, Zhang Yu Zou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629535/is-corticospinal-tract-degeneration-caused-by-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#18
LETTER
Tai Seung Nam, Michael Levy, Sang Hoon Kim, Kyung Wook Kang, Byoung Joon Kim, Seung Han Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629534/multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies-an-unusual-culprit
#19
LETTER
Turlapati Padmavathi Shashikala, Sahil Mehta, Aman Sharma, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629533/central-trochlear-palsy-as-an-isolated-finding-with-metastatic-tumor
#20
LETTER
Sun Uk Lee, Jeong Yoon Choi, Hyo Jung Kim, Ji Soo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
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