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International Breastfeeding Journal

Richmond Aryeetey, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Esi Amoaful, Gifty Ampah, Marian Gatiba, Akosua Kwakye, Gloria Otoo, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Isabella Sagoe-Moses, Lilian Selenje, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Background: Ghana has achieved significant progress in breastfeeding practices in the past two decades. Further progress is, however, limited by insufficient government funding and declining donor support for breastfeeding programs. The current study pretested feasibility of the Becoming Breastfeeding Friendly (BBF) toolbox in Ghana, to assess the existing enabling environment and gaps for scaling-up effective actions. Methods: Between June 2016 and April 2017, a 15-person expert country committee drawn from government and non-government agencies was established to implement the BBF toolbox...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Justin Bruno Tongun, Mohammed Boy Sebit, David Mukunya, Grace Ndeezi, Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskar, James K Tumwine
Background: The global breastfeeding recommendation states that all infants should be put to the breast within one hour of birth, which is defined as timely initiation or early initiation of breastfeeding. Early initiation of breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk in infant illness and death. Understanding the determinants of delay in initiation of breastfeeding might spur health staff and policy makers to foster timely breastfeeding. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of delay in initiation of breastfeeding among mothers in Juba Teaching Hospital...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Meredith Brockway, Karen M Benzies, Eloise Carr, Khalid Aziz
Background: Breastmilk is the ideal nutrition for preterm infants. Yet, breastmilk feeding rates among preterm infants are substantially lower than those of full-term infants. Barriers incurred through hospital care practices as well as the physical environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can result in physical and emotional separation of infants from their parents, posing a substantial risk to establishing and maintaining breastfeeding. Additionally, current practitioner-focused care provision in the NICU can result in decreased breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), which is predictive of breastfeeding rates in mothers of preterm infants at 6 weeks postpartum...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Lubna Zaheer, Florian Fischer
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is significantly associated with strong infant immunity and optimal development. The importance of breastfeeding is underestimated. Parental lack of knowledge and unhealthy practices regarding breastfeeding deprive infants of their basic right to mother's milk. In developing countries, including Pakistan, with high child mortality and malnutrition, healthy breastfeeding practices can bring positive changes in child health status. From this perspective, the present study aims to understand parents' knowledge, attitudes and practical encounters with breastfeeding practices and the factors that prevent them from adopting such practices...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Deepika Phukan, Mukesh Ranjan, L K Dwivedi
Background: Neonatal mortality defined as a death during the first 28 days of life and is the most critical phase of child survival. In spite of the strong evidence supporting immediate and long term health benefits of timely initiation of breastfeeding in India, only two-fifths (44%) of children receive breastfeeding within 1 h of birth. This study aims to examine the role of a behavioral factor i.e., timing of initiation of breastfeeding on neonatal deaths. Methods: Data from India Human Development Survey-II (IHDS-II), 2011-12, a nationally representative, large scale population-based dataset has been used...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Mai Isam Al Ketbi, Sultan Al Noman, Abdelqadir Al Ali, Ebtihal Darwish, Maha Al Fahim, Jaishen Rajah
Background: The World Health Organization recommends continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices among women residing on the island of Abu Dhabi and identified associated factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire among mothers visiting primary healthcare clinics in Abu Dhabi between November 2014 and 2015. Participants were women aged at least 18 years who had at least one child aged 2 years or younger at the time of the study...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sergio Verd, Diego de Sotto, Consuelo Fernández, Antonio Gutiérrez
Background: The definition for lower limit of safe birthweight loss among exclusively breastfed neonates is arbitrary. Despite this, in cases of great in-hospital weight loss, breastfeeding adequacy is immediately questioned. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between weight loss at discharge from hospital, when babies are ready to go home, and eventual cessation of exclusive breastfeeding since birth. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a cohort study...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tilayie Feto Gelano, Yadeta Dessie Bacha, Nega Assefa, Aboma Motumma, Aklilu Abrham Roba, Yohanes Ayele, Fikirte Tsige
Background: The first priority for infant feeding is to encourage the use of infant's mother's breast milk, but when this is not possible, donated breast milk is the second best option. In developing countries, very few studies have been conducted on the acceptance of donor breast milk. Hence, this study was planned to discover the acceptability of donor breast milk banking, its use for feeding infants, and associated factors among mothers in eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A mixed method study was conducted in eastern Ethiopia from December 2015 to February 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nicole Bridges, Gwyneth Howell, Virginia Schmied
Background: Lack of breastfeeding support is often cited by mothers as one of the key reasons for premature weaning. The experiences and perceptions of breastfeeding mothers in a range of contexts and their support needs have been studied, but there has been little exploration of the specific breastfeeding topics that women are investigating via social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook, and how breastfeeding peer supporters respond to queries about breastfeeding concerns on a SNS...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Kirsti Kaski, Linda J Kvist
Background: Deep breast pain during lactation, with or without accompanying nipple pain and soreness continues to be anecdotally linked to infection by Candia albicans despite lack of robust evidence in the literature that Candida albicans is the cause of women's breast symptoms. Methods: A case-control study of breastfeeding women in Sweden with ( n 35) and without ( n 35) symptoms that may be attributable to Candida albicans was carried out. The symptoms were radiating, burning and penetrating or non-penetrating breast pain with or without associated nipple pain during or after breastfeeding...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sara Nieuwoudt, Lenore Manderson
Background: Mothers rely heavily on health worker advice to make infant feeding decisions. Confusing or misleading advice can lead to suboptimal feeding practices. From 2001, HIV positive mothers in South Africa were counseled to choose either exclusive breastfeeding or exclusive formula feeding to minimize vertical HIV transmission. On the basis of revised World Health Organization guidelines, the government amended this policy in 2011, by promoting exclusive breastfeeding and discontinuing the provision of free formula...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Helen Mulol, Anna Coutsoudis
Background: Maternal recall is most commonly used to determine exclusive breastfeeding rates. A gold standard stable isotope method is available which can determine intake of breast milk versus water from sources other than breast milk and thus objectively determine exclusive breastfeeding. The objectives of this study were to determine exclusive breastfeeding rates by both maternal recall and the objective stable isotope method and discuss the limitations and usefulness of the two methods...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Justine Boatemaa Coomson, Richmond Aryeetey
Background: Reported stigmatization and confrontation (verbal and aggressive), of women when breastfeeding in public spaces constitutes a barrier to the recommendation to breastfeed infants on demand. While such stigma of breastfeeding in public has been reported more commonly in Western country media, there is no documented evidence of this stigma in developing country settings. The current study describes community perception and experience of breastfeeding in public in Accra, Ghana...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Liyew Mekonen, Wubareg Seifu, Zemenu Shiferaw
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as putting the newborn to the breast within one hour of birth. Significant benefits in reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity can be attained with effective promotion of timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding during the first months of life. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in South Gondar, Amhara regional state, Northern Ethiopia...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Alison W Talbert, Benjamin Tsofa, Edward Mumbo, James A Berkley, Martha Mwangome
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO)/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative step number five of the "Ten steps to successful breastfeeding" states "Show mothers how to breastfeed and how to maintain lactation even if they should be separated from their infants." Urban mothers in Nairobi have low rates of exclusive breastfeeding after returning to work but there are no published data on rural Kenya mothers' infant feeding practices when working or schooling away from home...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Musa Abubakar Kana, Carina Rodrigues, Maria João Fonseca, Ana Cristina Santos, Henrique Barros
Background: Maternal country of birth has been associated with perinatal health outcomes but less is known regarding breastfeeding practices in contemporary European settings. This study investigated effect of maternal country of birth on breastfeeding initiation and duration by comparing native Portuguese and migrant mothers. Methods: We analyzed data of 7065 children of the Generation XXI (GXXI) birth cohort recruited at birth (2005-06) and followed-up 4 years later...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Thiwawan Thepha, Debbie Marais, Jacqueline Bell, Somjit Muangpin
Background: The 6-month exclusive breastfeeding rate in the Northeast region of Thailand has recently significantly decreased in contrast to all other regions in Thailand. The factors that have influenced this decrease remain unknown. Hence, it is suggested that an investigation into factors that could improve or hinder EBF for 6 months in Northeast Thailand may be required to inform the development of relevant interventions to improve this situation. This study aimed to identify perceived facilitators and barriers to providing exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months in Northeast Thailand among breastfeeding mothers...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Teklemariam Gultie, Girum Sebsibie
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/s13006-016-0063-z.].
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Bernard Yeboah-Asiamah Asare, Joyce Veronica Preko, Diana Baafi, Bismark Dwumfour-Asare
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is important for child health and growth, but its practice is low in many developing countries. This study aimed at determining the breastfeeding practices and examining the sociodemographic characteristics that influence exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending child welfare clinic at Manhean, in the Tema East Sub-Meteropolitan area of Greater Accra region of Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a structured questionnaire to collect data among 355 mothers of children aged 0-24 months selected through simple random sampling, attending a child welfare clinic from May to June, 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Mahat Jimale Mohamed, Sophie Ochola, Victor O Owino
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding for 2 years of age or beyond. There is paucity of information on the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study compared the KAP on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers attending Wajir County Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya and investigated the association between maternal knowledge and attitudes and EBF...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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