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International Breastfeeding Journal

Abebe Bimerew, Muluken Teshome, Getachew Mullu Kassa
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding is a simple and cost effective intervention to advance the health of mothers and newborn babies. A large number of neonatal deaths could be prevented if infants were breastfed. However, there is poor practice related to breastfeeding initiation within the first one hour of birth, and the factors affecting it are not well understood. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of timely breastfeeding initiation and associated factors in Dembecha district, North West Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Getachew Tilahun, Getu Degu, Telake Azale, Askal Tigabu
BACKGROUND: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as putting the newborn to breast within one hour of birth. It serves as the starting point for continuum of care for the newborn health and development. In Ethiopia, there is a considerable variation on timely initiation of breastfeeding among regions. The main aim of this study was to determine prevalence rate and investigate factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeeding practice among mothers in Debre Berhan town, Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tegegn Tadesse, Firehiwot Mesfin, Tefera Chane
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of exclusive breastfeeding, a wide number of mothers practice non-exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to identify prevalence and factors associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding in rural area of Sorro District in Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was undertaken. The study population consisted of all mothers with infants aged of 0-5 months living in the randomly selected kebeles (lowest administrative unit) in the rural area of Sorro District...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jamil Ahmed Soomro, Zeeshan Noor Shaikh, Tennegedara Buhary Saheer, Suhail Ahmed Bijarani
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is considered to be an important measure to achieve optimum health outcomes for children, women's return to work has frequently been found to be a main contributor to the early discontinuation of breastfeeding. The aim of the study is to assess workplace breastfeeding support provided to working mothers in Pakistan. METHOD: A workplace based cross-sectional survey was conducted from April through December 2014. Employers from a representative sample of 297 workplaces were interviewed on pre-tested and structured questionnaire...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Elvis J Dun-Dery, Amos K Laar
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, periodic national surveys report the practice of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the general population to be over 50 %. However, little is known about EBF among professional working mothers, particularly its duration after maternity leave. Female workers are entitled to 12 weeks (84 days) of maternity leave with full pay in Ghana, and this can be extended by two additional weeks in case of a caesarean or abnormal delivery. This study assessed the prevalence of EBF, as well as factors associated with the practice among professional working mothers in one of the ten regional capitals of Ghana...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Mulusew Andualem Asemahagn
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is a very important, long lasting and cost effective intervention to help reduce the morbidity and mortality of infants. However, a large proportion of infants are not exclusively breastfed as recommended by the World Health Organization. The study aim was to assess the exclusive breastfeeding practices and identify determinants among mothers in Azezo District, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 346 mothers with infants aged between 0-6 months...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Riyadh A Alzaheb
BACKGROUND: The identification of the factors most closely associated with the initiation of breastfeeding is a vital first step in designing strategies to promote breastfeeding. The study therefore aimed to identify the factors that may be associated with the initiation of breastfeeding in the first 48 h after giving birth among mothers in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on a sample of 671 mothers of infants aged up to 24 months at five primary healthcare centers between May and September 2015...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Laurence Spiesser-Robelet, Rémi Gagnayre
This commentary follows the article of Moni R. Saha and her co-authors, entitled "Postpartum women's use of medicines and breastfeeding practices: a systematic review." As highlighted in this systematic review, medication use is common during the postpartum period often creating difficulty for mothers. Several studies illustrate the negative impact medication has on breastfeeding, initiation and duration despite reassuring advice from health professionals. Current data only describe the use of medication and behavior adopted by mothers when medication is prescribed...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Lisa H Amir, Laura Griffin, Meabh Cullinane, Suzanne M Garland
Probiotics are defined as live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, confer health benefits on the host. Scientists have isolated various strains of Lactobacilli from human milk (such as Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus salivarius), and the presence of these organisms is thought to be protective against breast infections, or mastitis. Trials of probiotics for treating mastitis in dairy cows have had mixed results: some successful and others unsuccessful. To date, only one trial of probiotics to treat mastitis in women and one trial to prevent mastitis have been published...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Rukhsana Haider, Kuntal Kumar Saha
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding and growth faltering during infancy remain challenges in Bangladesh. The Training & Assistance for Health & Nutrition Foundation has been working to address this gap through community-based peer counsellors since 2000. In this paper, we assessed the programme's progress, particularly with respect to early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding for normal birth weight, as well as for low birth weight (LBW) infants. METHODS: The peer counselling programme is continuing in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh, but only data collected between January 2013 and June 2015 is presented in this descriptive study...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Indu K Sharma, Abbey Byrne
BACKGROUND: Early or timely initiation of breastfeeding is crucial in preventing newborn deaths and influences childhood nutrition however remains low in South Asia and the factors and barriers warrant greater consideration for improved action. This review synthesises the evidence on factors and barriers to initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h of birth in South Asia encompassing Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. METHODS: Studies published between 1990 and 2013 were systematically reviewed through identification in Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Global Health, MEDLINE and Scopus databases...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Deirdre Desmond, Sarah Meaney
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that mothers exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 months of an infant's life. In Ireland, currently paid maternity leave is 26 weeks and the expectant mother is required by law to finish work 2 weeks before her expected delivery date. Mothers wishing to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months or longer find themselves having to take holiday leave or unpaid leave from work in order to meet the WHO's guidelines. The aim of this study is to explore women's experiences of breastfeeding after their return to work in Ireland...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Stefanie Inge Rosin, Irena Zakarija-Grković
BACKGROUND: Integrated care is defined as concerted action of healthcare providers ensuring continuity of care within a patient-centered approach, thus contributing to healthcare efficiency and quality. Apart from the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Initiatives, integrated care has been poorly explored within the context of breastfeeding support. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of breastfeeding support practitioners, identifying barriers and facilitators towards integrated care...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Azeb Atinafu Getie
BACKGROUND: Prelacteal feeding has continued as a deep-rooted nutritional malpractice in developing countries. Prelacteal feeding is a barrier for implementation of optimal breastfeeding practices, and increases the risk of neonatal illness and mortality. However, its determinants are not well studied, which are essential to design intervention. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of prelacteal feeding among mothers with children aged 6-24 months in the rural population of northwest Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nigus Bililign, Henok Kumsa, Mussie Mulugeta, Yetnayet Sisay
BACKGROUND: In spite of the negative impact of prelacteal feeding on the growth and development of children, it is widely practiced in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess prelacteal feeding practices and associated factors among mothers of children aged less than 24 months in the North Wello zone. METHODS: A quantitative community based cross-sectional study was employed during March 2015. Eight hundred and forty four (844) mother-child pairs were selected by multi-stage sampling technique...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Victor Mogre, Michael Dery, Patience K Gaa
BACKGROUND: The practice of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is influenced by maternal knowledge and attitudes as well as socio-demographic and cultural factors. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and practice of EBF among rural lactating mothers with infants aged 0-6 months. Factors associated to the practice of EBF were also investigated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 190 rural lactating mothers with infants aged 0-6 months seeking postnatal care at a health centre in Ghana...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Haoyue Gao, Qi Wang, Elizabeth Hormann, Wolfgang Stuetz, Caroline Stiller, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Veronika Scherbaum
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts that have been made to promote breastfeeding in China since the 1990s, there is still a very low prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to assess the current situation of infant feeding practices during the postpartum hospital stay in urban and rural areas of the Deyang region. METHODS: Cross-sectional sampling was used in two urban hospitals and five rural clinics in the Deyang region of southwestern China...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Alison W Talbert, Moses Ngari, Benjamin Tsofa, Lazarus Mramba, Edward Mumbo, James A Berkley, Martha Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is currently recommended by the World Health Organization, but mixed feeding earlier than this commonly occurs in rural coastal Kenya. Mothers may receive conflicting advice on breastfeeding from various sources including health workers, relatives and community members. We aimed to find out how first-time mothers learn to breastfeed, who advises them on infant feeding and what advice they obtain in case of any breastfeeding problems...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Alice N Hazemba, Busisiwe P Ncama, Sello L Sithole
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality, but research shows the practice is not widespread in resource-poor settings of sub-Saharan Africa. We explored factors influencing the decision to exclusively breastfeed among HIV-positive mothers accessing interventions for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in selected sites of Zambia. METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was embedded in research conducted on: HIV and infant feeding; choices and decision-outcomes in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission among HIV-positive mothers in Zambia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Uche H Nnebe-Agumadu, Elizabeth F Racine, Sarah B Laditka, Maren J Coffman
BACKGROUND: Successful breastfeeding often starts with prenatally established intention. Yet, few mothers with the intention to exclusively breastfeed achieve their intended breastfeeding duration goal. This study examined the degree to which having a strong value of exclusive breastfeeding is associated with exclusive breastfeeding duration for at least 3 and 6 months postpartum among women who reported prenatal intention to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: Data were from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal US national survey that followed maternal-infant dyads from pregnancy to 1 year postpartum...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
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