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International Breastfeeding Journal

Quynh-Nhi Thi Le, Khanh-Lam Phung, Van-Thuy Thi Nguyen, Katherine L Anders, Minh-Nguyet Nguyen, Diem-Tuyet Thi Hoang, Thuy-Tien Thi Bui, Vinh-Chau Van Nguyen, Guy E Thwaites, Cameron Simmons, Stephen Baker
Background: There is a paucity of data regarding risk factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices in urbanized areas of low-middle income countries (LMICs). Methods: Through a large prospective birth cohort, which enrolled 6706 infants in Vietnam between 2009 and 2013, we investigated the practice of exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay in urban and semi-rural populations and aimed to identify factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Juan Luis González-Pascual, Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Concepción Mesa-Leiva, Santiago Pérez-García, César Cardenete-Reyes
Background: Maternal breastfeeding is a practice that is associated with multiple health benefits for mothers and children. One of the lowest rates of breastfeeding has been observed among Chinese women who immigrate to high income countries. At present, there is a lack of comparative information between this group and that of Spanish-born women. Considering the relationship between the attitude of women towards breastfeeding and the initiation of breastfeeding , the aim of the study was to determine whether the attitude towards breastfeeding among Chinese postpartum women who have immigrated to Spain differs from that of Spanish-born postpartum women...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Halima Khatun, Carly A Comins, Rajesh Shah, M Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
Background: Despite the substantial impact on child and maternal health, breastfeeding practices for infants remain at the suboptimum level in Bangladesh. Yet the understanding of why these practices are suboptimal, especially surrounding urban slum dwelling mothers, is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess early infant feeding practices, examine associations with maternal factors, and uncover the facilitators and barriers to early feeding practices in selected slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Penelope Reimers, Natalie Shenker, Gillian Weaver, Anna Coutsoudis
Background: Donor human milk is the World Health Organization's recommendation for infant feeding when the mother's own breast milk is unavailable. Breast milk has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality and in low birthweight infants, donor milk reduces the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, late onset sepsis and improves outcomes. There is a paucity of literature documenting outcomes of using donor human milk in older children who need additional support for a variety of health issues...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Daryl Jian An Tan, John Paul Lew, Maria Binte Jumhasan, Cynthia Pang, Rehena Sultana, Ban Leong Sng
Background: We investigated the possible risk factors that could influence the likelihood of breastfeeding at 5 to 9 weeks postpartum with our primary aim being to analyse the associations between psychological vulnerabilities, such as peripartum depression and anxiety, and continued breastfeeding. Our secondary aim was to investigate other non-psychological factors' influence on continued breastfeeding. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Hayley Sparks, Lucy Linley, Jennifer L Beaumont, Daniel T Robinson
Background: Implications of donor milk feedings on infant growth in resource limited settings remain uncertain. This knowledge gap includes the impact of donor milk availability on infant intake of mother's own milk. Therefore, this investigation aimed to measure intake and growth in infants receiving donor milk when born to women from resource limited backgrounds with high rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods: A retrospective cohort study enrolled eligible infants admitted to a South African combined neonatal intensive and secondary high care unit, within a one year admission period during 2015, with signed consent for donor milk feedings...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Holly Nishimura, Karl Krupp, Savitha Gowda, Vijaya Srinivas, Anjali Arun, Purnima Madhivanan
Background: While breastfeeding rates have improved globally, disparities in breastfeeding practices persist particularly in rural and low resource settings. In India, only 56% of Indian mothers practice exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the recommended six months. As India leads the world in the number of preterm births, under 5 years of age malnutrition and neonatal mortality, understanding the factors associated with EBF can help improve the nutritional status for millions of infants...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Thomas J Roberts, Yana E Hoy-Schulz, Kaniz Jannat, Julie Parsonnet
Suboptimal breastfeeding is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality across the world. Inconsistent data has hampered quantification of this practice, however, limiting breastfeeding promotion efforts. As part of a clinical trial in Dhaka, Bangladesh, data was collected on breastfeeding patterns among 125 infants. Infants were ages 4 to 12 weeks (mean = 8.05, SD = 2.13) at the time of enrollment, and breastfeeding data were collected at 24 study visits during a twelve-week period. Breastfeeding status was assessed using the WHO-recommended "current status" (24-h recall) method...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Osiyosola O Osibogun, Tolulope F Olufunlayo, Samson O Oyibo
Background: Breastfeeding is a recognized means of ensuring optimal nutrition for the infant. Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant child breast milk only, and for optimal nutrition it is recommended that infants be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life. Without workplace support, exclusive breastfeeding is difficult for working mothers who return to work. The aim of this study was to examine the knowledge, attitude, and support for exclusive breastfeeding among female bank workers in Lagos, Nigeria...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Daba Ejara, Demelash Mulualem, Samson Gebremedhin
Background: Inappropriate infant feeding affects the probability of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and HIV-free survival of infants. However, in Ethiopia limited evidence exists regarding the infant feeding practice of mothers who are HIV-positive. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of inappropriate infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers attending the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) service in Adama and Bushoftu towns, Oromia, central Ethiopia ...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Himali Erandathie Ratnayake, Dhammica Rowel
Background: Since 2005, the national policy on breastfeeding in Sri Lanka is exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months, as recommended by World Health Organization. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and barriers for its' continuation up to 6 months, in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. Methods: A clinic based cross-sectional study was conducted from August to November 2016, in six randomly selected Medical Officer of Health areas in the Kandy District...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nurjasmine Aida Jamani, Yunita Dewi Ardini, Nor Asilah Harun
Background: Neonatal teeth erupt during the neonatal period and natal teeth are the presence of teeth since birth. While rare, natal teeth and neonatal teeth can have a significant impact on breastfeeding. Neonatal teeth are less common, and although its exact etiology is still unknown, it can cause difficulties in breastfeeding to the mother and may eventually lead to discontinuation of breastfeeding. Other associated possible complications include tooth aspiration and sublingual ulceration...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Ahmed A Hassan, Zainab Taha, Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed, Abdel Aziem A Ali, Ishag Adam
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after birth with the objective of saving children's lives. There are few published research papers about factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding in Sudan.The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with the timely initiation of breastfeeding among mothers with children two years and under in Kassala, Eastern Sudan. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to March 2017...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Līva Aumeistere, Inga Ciproviča, Dace Zavadska, Viktors Volkovs
Background: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential fatty acid required for proper growth and development. DHA levels in breast milk vary worldwide. Higher levels are observed among coastal populations and are associated with marine food consumption. Latvia is located in Northern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Nevertheless, fish consumption among women of reproductive age is low. The aim of this study was to determine DHA levels in breast milk among lactating women in Latvia...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Kolsoom Safari, Awaz Aziz Saeed, Shukir Saleem Hasan, Lida Moghaddam-Banaem
Background: Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth brings about numerous protective effects; however, it is an intervention that is underutilized in Iraq where a globally considerable rate of maternal and child death has been reported. The present study was conducted in order to assess the effects of SCC on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature, and duration of the third stage of labor. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 108 healthy women and their neonates (56 in the intervention group who received SSC and 52 in the routine care group) at Hawler maternity teaching hospital of Erbil, Iraq from February to May, 2017...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Animut Alebel, Cheru Tesma, Belisty Temesgen, Aster Ferede, Getiye Dejenu Kibret
Background: Despite the World Health Organization recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life, the rate remains low both in developed and developing countries. In Ethiopia, findings regarding the prevalence of EBF have been highly variable. Antenatal care and institutional delivery are the most important factors contributing to the practice of EBF however; their effect has not been investigated in Ethiopia. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, international databases were systematically searched...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Richmond Aryeetey, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Esi Amoaful, Gifty Ampah, Marian Gatiba, Akosua Kwakye, Gloria Otoo, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Isabella Sagoe-Moses, Lilian Selenje, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Background: Ghana has achieved significant progress in breastfeeding practices in the past two decades. Further progress is, however, limited by insufficient government funding and declining donor support for breastfeeding programs. The current study pretested feasibility of the Becoming Breastfeeding Friendly (BBF) toolbox in Ghana, to assess the existing enabling environment and gaps for scaling-up effective actions. Methods: Between June 2016 and April 2017, a 15-person expert country committee drawn from government and non-government agencies was established to implement the BBF toolbox...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Justin Bruno Tongun, Mohammed Boy Sebit, David Mukunya, Grace Ndeezi, Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskar, James K Tumwine
Background: The global breastfeeding recommendation states that all infants should be put to the breast within one hour of birth, which is defined as timely initiation or early initiation of breastfeeding. Early initiation of breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk in infant illness and death. Understanding the determinants of delay in initiation of breastfeeding might spur health staff and policy makers to foster timely breastfeeding. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of delay in initiation of breastfeeding among mothers in Juba Teaching Hospital...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Meredith Brockway, Karen M Benzies, Eloise Carr, Khalid Aziz
Background: Breastmilk is the ideal nutrition for preterm infants. Yet, breastmilk feeding rates among preterm infants are substantially lower than those of full-term infants. Barriers incurred through hospital care practices as well as the physical environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can result in physical and emotional separation of infants from their parents, posing a substantial risk to establishing and maintaining breastfeeding. Additionally, current practitioner-focused care provision in the NICU can result in decreased breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), which is predictive of breastfeeding rates in mothers of preterm infants at 6 weeks postpartum...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Lubna Zaheer, Florian Fischer
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is significantly associated with strong infant immunity and optimal development. The importance of breastfeeding is underestimated. Parental lack of knowledge and unhealthy practices regarding breastfeeding deprive infants of their basic right to mother's milk. In developing countries, including Pakistan, with high child mortality and malnutrition, healthy breastfeeding practices can bring positive changes in child health status. From this perspective, the present study aims to understand parents' knowledge, attitudes and practical encounters with breastfeeding practices and the factors that prevent them from adopting such practices...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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