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International Breastfeeding Journal

Aliyah Dosani, Jena Hemraj, Shahirose S Premji, Genevieve Currie, Sandra M Reilly, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young, Marc Hall
BACKGROUND: The promotion and maintenance of breastfeeding with late preterm infants (LPIs) remain under examined topics of study. This dearth of research knowledge, especially for this population at-risk for various health complications, requires scientific investigation. In this study, we explore the experiences of mothers and the perceptions of public health nurses (PHNs) about breastfeeding late preterm infants in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. METHODS: We used an exploratory mixed methods design with a convenience sample of 122 mothers to gather quantitative data about breastfeeding...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Eric N Somé, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Meda, Carl Lombard, Roselyne Vallo, Marianne Peries, Chipepo Kankasa, James K Tumwine, G Justus Hofmeyr, Mandisa Singata, Kim Harper, Philippe Van De Perre, Thorkild Tylleskar
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 transmission rates have been reduced over the last decade, an estimated 2 million new infections per year arise, including 220,000 paediatric cases. The main post-natal HIV exposure is through breastfeeding, where both its duration and modality (exclusive or not) are associated with postnatal transmission. The ANRS 12174 trial compared HIV-1 postnatal transmission of 2 prophylaxis drugs for infants during lactation (lamivudine and lopinavir-ritonavir). Our objective has been to examine the feeding practices and the determinants of exclusive/ predominant (EPBF) or any breastfeeding among the participants of this trial in Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Haregeweyin Genetu, Melaku Kindie Yenit, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Globally, exclusive breastfeeding prevents 1.3 million child deaths and has an added benefit for people living with the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) by preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, literature is scarce in Ethiopia; therefore this study aimed to assess the rate of continuous exclusive breastfeeding from the end of the first week to 6 months of age, among HIV exposed infants (aged 7-20 months) who were followed up in government hospitals of North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia, and associated factors...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Abebaw Wasie Kasahun, Wako Golicha Wako, Meron Worku Gebere, Gebremariam Hailemichael Neima
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is giving only breast milk to an infant from birth up to six months of age, with the exception of medications and vitamins. For the first six months of life, breast milk alone is the ideal nourishment to meet the nutritional demand of the growing child. Although breastfeeding is a universal practice, in Ethiopia only 52% of children aged less than six months old were exclusively breastfed. The study aimed to investigate the predictors of exclusive breastfeeding duration among women who had children aged between 6-12 months in Gurage zone, South Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sandra Gellert, Alexander Ströhle, Andreas Hahn
BACKGROUND: Despite increased awareness of the adverse health effects of vitamin D deficiency, only a few studies have evaluated the vitamin D status (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD)]) of breastfeeding women and up to now, no information exits for German breastfeeding women. Therefore, the aim of study was to determine the vitamin D status of breastfeeding women compared to non-pregnant and non-breastfeeding (NPNB) women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 124 breastfeeding women and 124 age and season matched NPNB women from the German "Vitamin and mineral status among German women" study...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Usama Roshdy El Safy, Manar Mohamed Fathy, Tamer Hasan Hassan, Marwa Zakaria, Mohamed Abdel Kader Al Malky, Mohamed Arafa, Hany El Sayed, Ashgan Al Ghobashy, Boshra Zaho, Attia Abdel Wahab, Mohamed Hosam Mourad
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia major or Cooley's anemia is the most severe form of beta thalassemia in which the complete lack of beta protein in the hemoglobin causes a life-threatening anemia requiring regular blood transfusions and extensive ongoing medical care. These extensive, lifelong blood transfusions lead to iron-overload that must be treated with chelation therapy to prevent early death from organ failure. We compared serum iron and ferritin levels amongst infants aged up to one year with beta thalassemia major according to their feeding types, including exclusively breastfed, exclusively formula fed and combined (both breast and formula) fed types...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Coceka N Mnyani, Carol L Tait, Jean Armstrong, Duane Blaauw, Matthew F Chersich, Eckhart J Buchmann, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre
BACKGROUND: South Africa has a history of low breastfeeding rates among women with and without Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In this study, we assessed infant feeding knowledge, perceptions and practices among pregnant and postpartum women with and without HIV, in the context of changes in infant feeding and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) guidelines. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted from April 2014 to March 2015 in 10 healthcare facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Felix A Ogbo, John Eastwood, Andrew Page, Amit Arora, Anne McKenzie, Bin Jalaludin, Elaine Tennant, Erin Miller, Jane Kohlhoff, Justine Noble, Karina Chaves, Jennifer M Jones, John Smoleniec, Paul Chay, Bronwyn Smith, Ju-Lee Oei, Kate Short, Laura Collie, Lynn Kemp, Shanti Raman, Sue Woolfenden, Trish Clark, Victoria Blight, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Optimal breastfeeding has benefits for the mother-infant dyads. This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the early postnatal period in a culturally and linguistically diverse population in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: The study used routinely collected perinatal data on all live births in 2014 (N = 17,564) in public health facilities in two Local Health Districts in Sydney, Australia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry, Sarah E Olender
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of breastfeeding for both infant and mother, rates in the United States remain below Healthy People 2020 breastfeeding objectives. This paper describes breastfeeding outcomes of the Delta Healthy Sprouts participants during gestational and postnatal periods. Of specific interest was whether breastfeeding intent, knowledge, and beliefs changed from the early to late gestational period. Additionally, analyses were conducted to test for associations between breastfeeding initiation and breastfeeding intent, knowledge and beliefs as well as sociodemographic characteristics and other health measures...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nicola Singletary, Ellen Chetwynd, L Suzanne Goodell, April Fogleman
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for mothers and infants, but worldwide breastfeeding rates fall below recommendations. As part of efforts to increase breastfeeding initiation and duration, the World Health Organization and UNICEF UK recommend educational interventions to increase awareness and positive attitudes towards breastfeeding beginning during the school years. Breastfeeding education in the school setting offers the opportunity to improve the knowledge base, address misconceptions, and positively influence beliefs and attitudes for students from a wide range of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji, Victoria Bam, Ernest Asante, Alberta Yemotsoo Lomotey, Samuel Yeboah, Haim Acquah Owusu
BACKGROUND: The challenges and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been examined in many parts of the world. Considering the socio-cultural dynamics and the few research studies in Ghana, the factors that hinder and predict EBF practice in other countries may be different in the Ghanaian setting. The study therefore sought to assess the challenges and predictors of EBF among mothers attending a child welfare clinic at a regional hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out between January and March, 2015 to elicit information from 240 mothers who were sampled using simple random sampling technique...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tilahun Tewabe, Alemnesh Mandesh, Tenaw Gualu, Girma Alem, Getnet Mekuria, Haymanot Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding means babies are given only breast milk and nothing else: no other milk, food, drink, not even water for one day (24 hrs) before the survey was conducted. It prevents 13% of childhood mortality; i.e, at least 1.2 million children worldwide would be saved every year. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice and its associated factor among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Motta town, East Gojjam, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tamara H Hashim, Melina Mgongo, Johnson Katanga, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Damian J Damian, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Margareta Wandel, Sia E Msuya
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on infant feeding among pregnant women is essential when promoting optimal breastfeeding practices. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of women on optimal breastfeeding during pregnancy and associated factors as well as performance of the health system in reaching women with information on breastfeeding and infant feeding issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 among pregnant women, in their third trimester, attending for routine care at two primary health care facilities in Moshi urban, northern Tanzania...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jacqueline Nkrumah
BACKGROUND: Maternal work has been identified as one of the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life. In Ghana, mothers engaged in the formal sector of employment are unable to exclusively breastfeed after maternity leave because facilities at their work places and conditions of work do not support exclusive breastfeeding. Even though maternal work and exclusive breastfeeding does not seem well matched, not all maternal work are incompatible with the practice of exclusive breastfeeding...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Felix A Ogbo, Andrew Page, John Idoko, Fernanda Claudio, Kingsley E Agho
BACKGROUND: Nigeria initiated a range of programs and policies (from 1992 to 2005) to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. However, the prevalence of children fed in accordance with IYCF recommendations in Nigeria remains low. This paper presents time trends in IYCF practices in Nigeria for the period (1999-2013), and considers trends in the context of key national policy responses and initiatives. METHODS: Prevalence and percentage change (including 95% confidence intervals) of IYCF indicators were investigated over the period 1999-2013 based on a total of 88,152 maternal responses from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys, (n = 8,199 in 1999; n = 7,620 in 2003; n = 33,385 in 2008 and n = 38,948 in 2013)...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Anna Gavine, Steve MacGillivray, Mary J Renfrew, Lindsay Siebelt, Haggi Haggi, Alison McFadden
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that women need effective support to breastfeed, but many healthcare staff lack the necessary knowledge, attitudes and skills. There is therefore a need for breastfeeding education and training for healthcare staff. The primary aim of this review is to determine whether education and training programs for healthcare staff have an effect on their knowledge and attitudes about supporting breastfeeding women. The secondary aim of this review was to identify whether any differences in type of training or discipline of staff mattered...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Marie Lerseth Aarsand, Tor A Strand, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: Appropriate breastfeeding and infant feeding practices are crucial to a child's growth and development. The objective of this paper is to describe breastfeeding and general feeding practices and the nutrition status among children from birth to 6 months of age, in the Saharawi refugee camps located in Algeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 111 lactating mothers with infants from birth to 6 months of age. Data regarding breastfeeding practices and a 24 h dietary recall for the infants were collected to assess the World Health Organization's (WHO) indicators for infant and young child feeding...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Brian A Juber, Kristina Harris Jackson, Kristopher B Johnson, William S Harris, Michelle L Baack
BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid found in breast milk, has many health benefits for both mother and baby. A 2007 meta-analysis found U.S. women had breast milk DHA levels (0.20% of total fatty acids) below the worldwide mean (0.32%). In 2008, international dietary recommendations were made for pregnant and lactating women to consume 200 mg of DHA per day. This community-based study aimed to define current milk DHA levels from upper Midwest USA lactating mothers and to determine if providing information about their own level along with dietary recommendations would incite changes to increase breast milk DHA content...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Milka Wanjohi, Paula Griffiths, Frederick Wekesah, Peter Muriuki, Nelson Muhia, Rachel N Musoke, Hillary N Fouts, Nyovani J Madise, Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous interventions promoting optimal breastfeeding practices in Kenya, pockets of suboptimal breastfeeding practices are documented in Kenya's urban slums. This paper describes cultural and social beliefs and practices that influence breastfeeding in two urban slums in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected in Korogocho and Viwandani slums through 10 focus group discussions and 19 in-depth interviews with pregnant, breastfeeding women and community health volunteers and 11 key-informant interviews with community leaders...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Bo-Yeoul Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the factors that influence breastfeeding throughout the hospital stay, including prenatal preparation, early skin-to-skin contact directly after delivery, rooming-in, feeding before the first breastfeed, time to first breastfeed, and postpartum support. This study also aimed to verify whether these factors were significant after adjusting for the mother's characteristics, the newborn's characteristics, and the delivery characteristics. METHODS: A retrospective survey was used to collect the data...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
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