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International Breastfeeding Journal

Teklemariam Gultie, Girum Sebsibie
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/s13006-016-0063-z.].
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Bernard Yeboah-Asiamah Asare, Joyce Veronica Preko, Diana Baafi, Bismark Dwumfour-Asare
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is important for child health and growth, but its practice is low in many developing countries. This study aimed at determining the breastfeeding practices and examining the sociodemographic characteristics that influence exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending child welfare clinic at Manhean, in the Tema East Sub-Meteropolitan area of Greater Accra region of Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a structured questionnaire to collect data among 355 mothers of children aged 0-24 months selected through simple random sampling, attending a child welfare clinic from May to June, 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Mahat Jimale Mohamed, Sophie Ochola, Victor O Owino
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding for 2 years of age or beyond. There is paucity of information on the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study compared the KAP on EBF between primiparous and multiparous mothers attending Wajir County Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya and investigated the association between maternal knowledge and attitudes and EBF...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Adiatma Y M Siregar, Pipit Pitriyan, Dylan Walters
Background: In Indonesia, 96% of children (< 24mo) are breastfed. However, only 42% of children (< 6mo) are exclusively breastfed, as per World Health Organization recommendations. Breastfeeding provides protective benefits such as reducing the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with diarrhea and pneumonia/respiratory disease (PRD). This study estimates the potential economic impact of not breastfeeding according to recommendation in Indonesia based on infants suffering from attributable diarrhea and PRD...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Thomas Senghore, Tobiloba Alex Omotosho, Omar Ceesay, Daisy Clara H Williams
Background: Despite consistent evidence showing the importance of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for six months, it remains a sub-optimal practice in The Gambia. This study aimed at investigating the determinants of EBF knowledge and intention to or practice of EBF. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 334 women receiving care at the Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital (EFSTH) from December 2015 to February 2016. Using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, knowledge on EBF was determined and scored...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Shu-Fei Yang, Yenna Salamonson, Elaine Burns, Virginia Schmied
Background: Breastfeeding support from health professionals can be effective in influencing a mother's decision to initiate and maintain breastfeeding. However, health professionals, including nursing students, do not always receive adequate breastfeeding education during their foundational education programme to effectively help mothers. In this paper, we report on a systematic review of the literature that aimed to describe nursing and other health professional students' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding, and examine educational interventions designed to increase breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes amongst health professional students...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nana Chea, Anteneh Asefa
Background: The practice of giving prelacteal feeds deprive a newborn of valuable nutrients and expose the newborn to risks of infection. Despite its negative health outcomes, prelacteal feeding prevails in Ethiopia. Therefore, the current study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of prelacteal feeding practices and its associated factors in a rural community in south Ethiopia. Methods: We conducted a community based cross-sectional study of 597 mothers of children aged less than six months...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Getahun Tiruye, Firehiwot Mesfin, Biftu Geda, Kasiye Shiferaw
Background: Ineffective breastfeeding technique is one of the factors contributing to mothers practicing non-exclusive breastfeeding. Inappropriate breastfeeding technique is the leading cause of nipple pain in Ethiopia, as in other countries. However, no studies have examined breastfeeding technique and associated factors in eastern Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing breastfeeding technique and associated factors among breastfeeding mothers. Method: We conducted an institution based cross-sectional study in selected governmental health facilities of Harar city, Eastern, Ethiopia, from January to February 2017...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Meseret Ekubay, Aster Berhe, Engida Yisma
Background: Breast milk is comprised of the essential nutrients that an infant needs in the first six months of life. Timely initiation of breastfeeding guarantees that infants receive the colostrum, 'the first breastmilk', which contains antibodies that protect the newborn against diseases. Breastfeeding within the first hour of life prevents newborn death due to sepsis, pneumonia, diarrhea and hypothermia. Although breastfeeding is a common practice in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence show that early initiation of breastfeeding is low...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Luke Hounsome, Sally Dowling
Background: Although breastfeeding is widely acknowledged as the normal method of infant feeding, there are large variations in rates of initiation and duration. Several factors are linked to the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation, including the influence and opinion of the child's father. There is limited research into men's perception of their influence, or if they feel it appropriate to be involved in deciding how to feed their children. The aim of this study was to investigate, using a qualitative methodology, fathers' perceptions of their influence on the decision to feed their child breastmilk or formula...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Phuong Thi Kim Nguyen, Hoang Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Thanh Thai, Kirsty Foster, Christine L Roberts, Ben J Marais
Background: Breastfeeding is recognized as the single most cost-effective intervention to reduce child morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have explored perceived barriers to breastfeeding and factors associated with breastfeeding intent among mothers of newborn babies in Viet Nam. We conducted a study to assess breastfeeding initiation rates, intent to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months or more and perceived barriers to breastfeed among mothers of newborn babies in Da Nang, Viet Nam...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jan Anker Jahnsen, Sofia Frost Widnes, Jan Schjøtt
Background: Health professionals may advise women to either stop breastfeeding or drug treatment due to restrictive advice in drug monographs. Regional medicines information and pharmacovigilance centres in Norway (RELIS) provide free and industry-independent answers to questions about drugs and breastfeeding documented in a full-text, searchable database (RELIS database). We used the RELIS database to describe which health care practitioners sought information about medication safety in lactation, most common drugs involved, advice provided and which resources were used to provide the advice...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Emmanuel Olorunleke Adewuyi, Yun Zhao, Vishnu Khanal, Asa Auta, Lydia Babatunde Bulndi
Background: This study investigates and compares the rates and factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) within one hour of birth in rural and urban Nigeria. Methods: Data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) were analyzed. The rates of EIBF were reported using frequency tabulation. Associated factors were examined using Chi-Square test and further assessed on multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: The rates of EIBF were 30...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jenny Ericson, Renée Flacking, Camilla Udo
Background: After discharge from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), many mothers of preterm infants (gestational age < 37 weeks) experience a lack of support for breastfeeding. An intervention study was designed to evaluate the effects of proactive (a daily telephone call initiated by a member of a breastfeeding support team) and/or reactive (mothers could call the breastfeeding support team) telephone based breastfeeding support for mothers after discharge from the NICU. The mothers in the intervention group had access to both proactive and reactive support; the mothers in the control group only had access to reactive support...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Wasim Khasawneh, Ayat Abdelrahman Khasawneh
Background: Despite the ongoing recommendations for breastfeeding, we continue to see a decrease in exclusive breastfeeding among Jordanian women during infant follow up visits at the pediatric outpatient clinic. The purpose of our study is to determine the prevalence, predictors and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in north of Jordan. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving mothers with infants six to twelve months old, at two hospitals in Irbid city in north of Jordan, between December 2016 and March 2017...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Wilfried Karmaus, Nelís Soto-Ramírez, Hongmei Zhang
Background: Infant feeding may consist of direct breastfeeding (DBF), pumping and bottle feeding (P&F), formula feeding (FF), solid food feeding (SFF), and any combination. An accurate evaluation of infant feeding requires descriptions of different patterns, consistency, and transition over time. Methods: In United States of America, the Infant Feeding Practice Study II collected information on the mode of feeding on nine occasions in 12 months. We focused on the first 6 months with six feeding occasions...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Vundli Ramokolo, Carl Lombard, Meera Chhagan, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Tanya Doherty, Ameena E Goga, Lars Thore Fadnes, Wanga Zembe, Debra J Jackson, Jan Van den Broeck
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13006-015-0041-x.].
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Rhian L Cramer, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Lisa H Amir, Meabh Cullinane, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Background: While Australia has high breastfeeding initiation, there is a sharp decline in the first weeks postpartum and this continues throughout the first year. Supporting breastfeeding In Local Communities (SILC) was a three-arm cluster randomised controlled trial to determine whether early home-based breastfeeding support by a maternal and child health nurse (SILC-MCHN), with or without access to a community-based breastfeeding drop-in centre, increased the proportion of infants receiving any breast milk at three, four and six months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Bethlihem Adugna, Henok Tadele, Fekadu Reta, Yifru Berhan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the proportion of EBF in Ethiopia is 58%. The EBF practice and factors affecting it have not been studied in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of EBF practice among infants less than six months age in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 529 mothers with infants aged 0-6 months were involved in this study between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
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