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International Breastfeeding Journal

Dawit Alemayehu Chekol, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant breast milk only, for the first six months. In Ethiopia, more than half of infants do not receive exclusive breastfeeding. Workplace barriers contribute to these low rates of exclusive breastfeeding practices. Understanding the sociodemographic, health related, behavioral and economic factors is crucial to promote the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the extent of exclusive breastfeeding practice and associated factors among employed and unemployed mothers with children of age 7-12 months in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia, 2015...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Terefe Derso, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Amare Tariku, Nigusie Birhan Tebeje, Zemichael Gizaw, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Alemayehu Shimeka, Yigzaw Kebede, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Mamo Wubeshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Abel Fekadu, Geta Asrade, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Adino Tesfahun, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Delaying the start of breastfeeding and giving prelacteal feeding leads to a significant increase in neonatal and infant deaths, particularly in a resource limited countries, like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess early neonatal feeding practice and its determinants in Dabat HDSS site, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: The census for the reconciliation of the surveillance of the Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site was conducted from October to December 2014...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. It is responsible for 24-30% of all infant deaths and there is a lack of evidence on the health burdens among the nomadic people. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence of diarrhea among children less thanvtwo year's of age and its association with feeding practices among the nomadic people in Hadaleala district, northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hadaleala district...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
Aliyah Dosani, Jena Hemraj, Shahirose S Premji, Genevieve Currie, Sandra M Reilly, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young, Marc Hall
BACKGROUND: The promotion and maintenance of breastfeeding with late preterm infants (LPIs) remain under examined topics of study. This dearth of research knowledge, especially for this population at-risk for various health complications, requires scientific investigation. In this study, we explore the experiences of mothers and the perceptions of public health nurses (PHNs) about breastfeeding late preterm infants in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. METHODS: We used an exploratory mixed methods design with a convenience sample of 122 mothers to gather quantitative data about breastfeeding...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Eric N Somé, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Meda, Carl Lombard, Roselyne Vallo, Marianne Peries, Chipepo Kankasa, James K Tumwine, G Justus Hofmeyr, Mandisa Singata, Kim Harper, Philippe Van De Perre, Thorkild Tylleskar
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 transmission rates have been reduced over the last decade, an estimated 2 million new infections per year arise, including 220,000 paediatric cases. The main post-natal HIV exposure is through breastfeeding, where both its duration and modality (exclusive or not) are associated with postnatal transmission. The ANRS 12174 trial compared HIV-1 postnatal transmission of 2 prophylaxis drugs for infants during lactation (lamivudine and lopinavir-ritonavir). Our objective has been to examine the feeding practices and the determinants of exclusive/ predominant (EPBF) or any breastfeeding among the participants of this trial in Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Haregeweyin Genetu, Melaku Kindie Yenit, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Globally, exclusive breastfeeding prevents 1.3 million child deaths and has an added benefit for people living with the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) by preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, literature is scarce in Ethiopia; therefore this study aimed to assess the rate of continuous exclusive breastfeeding from the end of the first week to 6 months of age, among HIV exposed infants (aged 7-20 months) who were followed up in government hospitals of North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia, and associated factors...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Abebaw Wasie Kasahun, Wako Golicha Wako, Meron Worku Gebere, Gebremariam Hailemichael Neima
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is giving only breast milk to an infant from birth up to six months of age, with the exception of medications and vitamins. For the first six months of life, breast milk alone is the ideal nourishment to meet the nutritional demand of the growing child. Although breastfeeding is a universal practice, in Ethiopia only 52% of children aged less than six months old were exclusively breastfed. The study aimed to investigate the predictors of exclusive breastfeeding duration among women who had children aged between 6-12 months in Gurage zone, South Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Sandra Gellert, Alexander Ströhle, Andreas Hahn
BACKGROUND: Despite increased awareness of the adverse health effects of vitamin D deficiency, only a few studies have evaluated the vitamin D status (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD)]) of breastfeeding women and up to now, no information exits for German breastfeeding women. Therefore, the aim of study was to determine the vitamin D status of breastfeeding women compared to non-pregnant and non-breastfeeding (NPNB) women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 124 breastfeeding women and 124 age and season matched NPNB women from the German "Vitamin and mineral status among German women" study...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Usama Roshdy El Safy, Manar Mohamed Fathy, Tamer Hasan Hassan, Marwa Zakaria, Mohamed Abdel Kader Al Malky, Mohamed Arafa, Hany El Sayed, Ashgan Al Ghobashy, Boshra Zaho, Attia Abdel Wahab, Mohamed Hosam Mourad
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia major or Cooley's anemia is the most severe form of beta thalassemia in which the complete lack of beta protein in the hemoglobin causes a life-threatening anemia requiring regular blood transfusions and extensive ongoing medical care. These extensive, lifelong blood transfusions lead to iron-overload that must be treated with chelation therapy to prevent early death from organ failure. We compared serum iron and ferritin levels amongst infants aged up to one year with beta thalassemia major according to their feeding types, including exclusively breastfed, exclusively formula fed and combined (both breast and formula) fed types...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Coceka N Mnyani, Carol L Tait, Jean Armstrong, Duane Blaauw, Matthew F Chersich, Eckhart J Buchmann, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre
BACKGROUND: South Africa has a history of low breastfeeding rates among women with and without Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In this study, we assessed infant feeding knowledge, perceptions and practices among pregnant and postpartum women with and without HIV, in the context of changes in infant feeding and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) guidelines. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted from April 2014 to March 2015 in 10 healthcare facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Felix A Ogbo, John Eastwood, Andrew Page, Amit Arora, Anne McKenzie, Bin Jalaludin, Elaine Tennant, Erin Miller, Jane Kohlhoff, Justine Noble, Karina Chaves, Jennifer M Jones, John Smoleniec, Paul Chay, Bronwyn Smith, Ju-Lee Oei, Kate Short, Laura Collie, Lynn Kemp, Shanti Raman, Sue Woolfenden, Trish Clark, Victoria Blight, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Optimal breastfeeding has benefits for the mother-infant dyads. This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of cessation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the early postnatal period in a culturally and linguistically diverse population in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: The study used routinely collected perinatal data on all live births in 2014 (N = 17,564) in public health facilities in two Local Health Districts in Sydney, Australia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry, Sarah E Olender
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of breastfeeding for both infant and mother, rates in the United States remain below Healthy People 2020 breastfeeding objectives. This paper describes breastfeeding outcomes of the Delta Healthy Sprouts participants during gestational and postnatal periods. Of specific interest was whether breastfeeding intent, knowledge, and beliefs changed from the early to late gestational period. Additionally, analyses were conducted to test for associations between breastfeeding initiation and breastfeeding intent, knowledge and beliefs as well as sociodemographic characteristics and other health measures...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Nicola Singletary, Ellen Chetwynd, L Suzanne Goodell, April Fogleman
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for mothers and infants, but worldwide breastfeeding rates fall below recommendations. As part of efforts to increase breastfeeding initiation and duration, the World Health Organization and UNICEF UK recommend educational interventions to increase awareness and positive attitudes towards breastfeeding beginning during the school years. Breastfeeding education in the school setting offers the opportunity to improve the knowledge base, address misconceptions, and positively influence beliefs and attitudes for students from a wide range of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji, Victoria Bam, Ernest Asante, Alberta Yemotsoo Lomotey, Samuel Yeboah, Haim Acquah Owusu
BACKGROUND: The challenges and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been examined in many parts of the world. Considering the socio-cultural dynamics and the few research studies in Ghana, the factors that hinder and predict EBF practice in other countries may be different in the Ghanaian setting. The study therefore sought to assess the challenges and predictors of EBF among mothers attending a child welfare clinic at a regional hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out between January and March, 2015 to elicit information from 240 mothers who were sampled using simple random sampling technique...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tilahun Tewabe, Alemnesh Mandesh, Tenaw Gualu, Girma Alem, Getnet Mekuria, Haymanot Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding means babies are given only breast milk and nothing else: no other milk, food, drink, not even water for one day (24 hrs) before the survey was conducted. It prevents 13% of childhood mortality; i.e, at least 1.2 million children worldwide would be saved every year. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice and its associated factor among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Motta town, East Gojjam, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Tamara H Hashim, Melina Mgongo, Johnson Katanga, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Damian J Damian, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Margareta Wandel, Sia E Msuya
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on infant feeding among pregnant women is essential when promoting optimal breastfeeding practices. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of women on optimal breastfeeding during pregnancy and associated factors as well as performance of the health system in reaching women with information on breastfeeding and infant feeding issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 among pregnant women, in their third trimester, attending for routine care at two primary health care facilities in Moshi urban, northern Tanzania...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jacqueline Nkrumah
BACKGROUND: Maternal work has been identified as one of the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life. In Ghana, mothers engaged in the formal sector of employment are unable to exclusively breastfeed after maternity leave because facilities at their work places and conditions of work do not support exclusive breastfeeding. Even though maternal work and exclusive breastfeeding does not seem well matched, not all maternal work are incompatible with the practice of exclusive breastfeeding...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Felix A Ogbo, Andrew Page, John Idoko, Fernanda Claudio, Kingsley E Agho
BACKGROUND: Nigeria initiated a range of programs and policies (from 1992 to 2005) to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. However, the prevalence of children fed in accordance with IYCF recommendations in Nigeria remains low. This paper presents time trends in IYCF practices in Nigeria for the period (1999-2013), and considers trends in the context of key national policy responses and initiatives. METHODS: Prevalence and percentage change (including 95% confidence intervals) of IYCF indicators were investigated over the period 1999-2013 based on a total of 88,152 maternal responses from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys, (n = 8,199 in 1999; n = 7,620 in 2003; n = 33,385 in 2008 and n = 38,948 in 2013)...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Anna Gavine, Steve MacGillivray, Mary J Renfrew, Lindsay Siebelt, Haggi Haggi, Alison McFadden
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that women need effective support to breastfeed, but many healthcare staff lack the necessary knowledge, attitudes and skills. There is therefore a need for breastfeeding education and training for healthcare staff. The primary aim of this review is to determine whether education and training programs for healthcare staff have an effect on their knowledge and attitudes about supporting breastfeeding women. The secondary aim of this review was to identify whether any differences in type of training or discipline of staff mattered...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
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