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Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289368/mbc-news
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289367/compte-rendu-de-la-table-ronde-du-36%C3%A3-me-congr%C3%A3-s-de-la-sfb-%C3%A3-cassis-1-3-juin-2016-premi%C3%A3-re-partie-br%C3%A3-lures-chimiques-br%C3%A3-lures-%C3%A3-lectriques
#2
R Le Floch, J Laguerre, P Perrot
The 2016 SFB congress focused on 'non-thermal burns', and this session lasted the whole day of Thursday 2nd June. While the reports on radiation-induced burns are currently being prepared by the presenters themselves, this paper on chemical and electrical burns was put together by the above-mentioned authors using notes taken during the session and video of the presentations. Any reader desiring further information on a topic can contact the author of the relevant presentation directly.
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289366/long-term-study-of-health-and-quality-of-life-after-burn-injury
#3
A L Moi, E Haugsmyr, H Heisterkamp
The aim of the present study was to examine burn patient health status, quality of life and work status 16.2 (1.7) [mean (SD)] years after burn injury, and to compare the findings with similar questionnaire data from the same people obtained 11.5 years earlier. Data on burn-specific health (BSHS-N), generic health (SF-36), overall quality of life (QOLS), injury characteristics, socio-demography and work were obtained in 2001 from 95 adult burn patients. In 2013, 78 participants were still eligible, and 34 of them (age: 53...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289365/br%C3%A3-lologie-et-m%C3%A3-decine-l%C3%A3-gale-les-victimes-d%C3%A2-incendie
#4
R Costagliola, J-P Campana, M Costagliola
During a judicial inquiry, the forensic doctor is frequently required to examine the hospitalized fire victim. He has to produce a certificate on the burns, defining their origin, seriousness and prognosis. The expert assessment of serious burn victims consists in an overall evaluation of functional and psychological sequelae, and can be conducted only after the long period of treatment needed for them to heal. The expert must know the forensic rules concerning the specific features of sequelae that follow a cutaneous burn injury...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289364/complications-inattendues-de-la-chirurgie-deux-cas-de-br%C3%A3-lure-par-plaque-de-bistouri-%C3%A3-lectrique
#5
B Diop, A Sy, P A Ba, B MBaye, Y Wane, S M Sarre
There is a real risk of electrical accidents in the operating theatre, with the growing number of electrical, electronic and flammable liquids used. Electrocautery remains the most commonly used device for its electrosurgical effect of coagulation or tissue section. When it is defective or misplaced on a small area of the skin, it can cause a typically deep, slow healing skin burn. It adds an unexpected iatrogenic morbidity to the initial condition, with devastating consequences for the patient, the surgeon and sometimes the hospital...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289363/the-alexander-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-severe-burns
#6
M Gasperoni, R Neri, A Carboni, V Purpura, P G Morselli, D Melandri
The extensive loss of skin in burned patients is a critical clinical condition, and the choice of an effective technique to cover and protect the damaged area has always been a challenge in the surgical field. Despite its wide clinical use, there is little data in the literature on using the Alexander technique to treat severe burns, while several studies have focused on alternative approaches. The present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Alexander surgical technique on 117 patients with severe burns...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289362/study-on-biofilm-formation-in-burn-wound-infection-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-chennai-india
#7
M Ramakrishnan, S Putli Bai, M Babu
Infection is one of the major causes of death in pediatric burns in India. This work was conducted in an exclusive Children's Hospital (KKCTH) with a total of 220 beds, of which ten beds in the burn unit and two isolation beds in the 28-bed PICU are for burns patients (more than 20% TBSA burns) with sepsis. In this study, 30 burn wound swab isolates obtained from 14 pediatric burns patients (admitted to the burns ward and transferred to PICU) from November 2013 to March 2014 were investigated. Cultures were done on the first day for all patients and empirical antibiotic administration was started for those with septic burns (14 in total) with piperacillin-tazobactam and vancomycin...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289361/enzymatic-debridement-after-mobile-phone-explosion-a-case-report
#8
M Cherubino, I Pellegatta, D Sallam, E Pulerà, L Valdatta
It is estimated that over 90% of people own a mobile phone. Although rare, lithium-ion battery explosions can cause varying degrees of thermal burn injury. Recently, selective enzymatic debridement has gained importance in the management of burn patients, thanks to its simplicity, minimum invasiveness and safety. In this work, we describe a case of a burn injury caused by the explosion of a lithium-ion battery and treated with selective enzymatic debridement in a paediatric patient.
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289360/effect-of-probiotic-administration-in-the-therapy-of-pediatric-thermal-burn
#9
M H El-Ghazely, W H Mahmoud, M A Atia, E M Eldip
Oral probiotic administration has been advocated for treatment and prevention of a diverse range of disorders. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplementation on outcome of pediatric post-burn patients. Forty thermally-injured pediatric patients with total body surface burns between 20-50% and depth between 5-10% were randomized in a prospective, double-blind, controlled clinical trial into two even groups: probiotic group (n=20), who received probiotic preparations, and placebo control group (n=20)...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289359/fast-and-specific-detection-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-other-pseudomonas-species-by-pcr
#10
G Jami Al-Ahmadi, R Zahmatkesh Roodsari
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important life-threatening nosocomial pathogen that plays a prominent role in wound infections of burned patients. We designed this study to identify the isolates of P. aeruginosa recovered from burned patients at the genus and species level through primers targeting oprI and oprL genes, and analyzed their antimicrobial resistance pattern. Over a 2-month period, wound samples were taken from burned patients and plated on MacConkey agar. All suspected colonies were primarily screened for P...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289358/pattern-of-high-voltage-electrical-injuries-in-the-kashmir-valley-a-10-year-single-centre-experience
#11
R A Kasana, P U F Baba, A H Wani
The objective was to study the clinical profile of high voltage electrical injuries in Kashmir, and various prevention and safety measures to bring down the incidence of such injuries in the future. All patients (176) with high voltage electrical injuries reporting to our centre from January 2001 to December 2010 were included in the study. The most common age group was 20-40 years, with mean age of 29.77 ± 8.98 years. Incidence was higher among the rural population (68.75%) than in urban areas (31.25%), and in the winter months...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289357/the-burning-issues-of-motor-vehicle-radiator-scald-injuries-revisited-a-fresh-review-and-changing-prevention-strategies
#12
J N Patel, A Tan, Q Frew, P Dziewulski
A preventable subgroup of burn injuries is scalds sustained from motor vehicle radiators. This study was to determine changes in trends in epidemiology of such injuries and to discuss whether current and other prevention efforts proposed previously require reinforcement. We conducted a retrospective study (February 2007-August 2015) of all motor vehicle-related burn referrals to our regional burns service. 68 cases of motor vehicle radiator burns were identified. Male to female ratio was 65:3. Mean age was 35...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289356/management-of-burns-in-the-elderly
#13
G S Abu-Sittah, F M Chahine, H Janom
Burns are one of the most devastating forms of trauma worldwide. While geriatric burns are uncommon in the developing world - accounting for less than 5% of burns in South Asian and Middle Eastern countries - they account for almost 20% of burns in economically developed countries such as the USA. The elderly population in general is at higher risk for burn injury, moreover mortality rate, as well as severity of complications, is more pronounced in this group of patients. A review of the literature was conducted to evaluate risk factors as well as pathophysiological and immunological conditions that affect response to burn injury in the elderly population...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289355/paediatric-burn-injuries-requiring-hospitalization-in-fars-southern-iran
#14
S M Marashi, H Sanaei-Zadeh, A Taghizadeh Behbahani, M Ayaz, M Akrami
The aim of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics of burnt children in need of hospitalization, causes of burns and associated complications in Fars province, Iran. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Files of all children under 15 years of age who were hospitalized in the only burn referral centre of Fars province were evaluated. Data regarding age, gender, location (urban, rural), burn surface area (BSA), cause of burn, length of hospital stay and complications were extracted from patients' files...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149256/extensive-burn-injury-caused-by-fundamental-electronic-cigarette-design-flaw
#15
S Bohr, F Almarzouqi, N Pallua
Currently, electronic cigarette (EC) devices are widely used as an alternative to conventional smoking. The underlying technical principle is an electric coil-based vaporizer unit, which vaporizes various solutions for inhalation purposes with a rechargeable lithium battery unit as power source. We report a case of extensive burn injury resulting from the thermal explosion of a battery unit within an EC device. Though internal thermal instabilities of lithium ion batteries are a known safety issue, the unique feature here is a pronounced amplification of the extent of burn injury due to an additional scalding burn mechanism that resulted from heating of the liquid reservoir adjacent to the battery...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149255/treatment-of-an-acute-deep-hand-burn-in-a-lowincome-country-with-no-available-microsurgery-a-case-report
#16
K S Amouzou, A El Harti, T E Kouevi-Koko, A Abalo, A Dossim
Deep hand burns usually lead to joint and tendon exposure. A simple skin graft is insufficient to achieve healing. Soft tissue reconstruction represents a surgical challenge that ranges from the simplest to the most complex flaps. In some areas, microsurgery is not technically possible. Choice is then limited to pedicled distant flaps such as the abdominal wall flap-graft. We report a case of an acute burned hand with exposure of metacarpophalangeal joints from the second to the fourth radius as well as proximal inter phalangeal joints from the second to the fifth radius and extensor tendons, treated in the burns and wound care unit of the Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital in Lomé...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149254/assessing-burn-depth-in-tattooed-burn-lesions-with-lasca-imaging
#17
N Krezdorn, A Limbourg, F J Paprottka, Könneker, R Ipaktchi, P M Vogt
Tattoos are on the rise, and so are patients with tattooed burn lesions. A proper assessment with regard to burn depth is often impeded by the tattoo dye. Laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) is a technique that evaluates burn lesions via relative perfusion analysis. We assessed the effect of tattoo skin pigmentation on LASCA perfusion imaging in a multicolour tattooed patient. Depth of burn lesions in multi-coloured tattooed and untattooed skin was assessed using LASCA. Relative perfusion was measured in perfusion units (PU) and compared to various pigment colours, then correlated with the clinical evaluation of the lesion...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149253/contamination-of-burn-wounds-by-achromobacter-xylosoxidans-followed-by-severe-infection-10-year-analysis-of-a-burn-unit-population
#18
A Schulz, W Perbix, P C Fuchs, H Seyhan, J L Schiefer
Gram-negative infections predominate in burn surgery. Until recently, Achromobacter species were described as sepsis-causing bacteria in immunocompromised patients only. Severe infections associated with Achromobacter species in burn patients have been rarely reported. We retrospectively analyzed all burn patients in our database, who were treated at the Intensive Care Burn Unit (ICBU) of the Cologne Merheim Burn Centre from January 2006 to December 2015, focusing on contamination and infection by Achromobacter species...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149252/supraclavicular-artery-perforator-flap-in-management-of-post-burn-neck-reconstruction-clinical-experience
#19
H Ismail, A Elshobaky
Anterior cervical contractures of the neck represent a great challenge for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. Necks can be reconstructed with a wide range of surgical techniques, including chimeric flaps, supercharged flap, pre-expanded flaps, "superthin" flaps and perforator flaps. The supraclavicular flap is easy to harvest without the need for free tissue transfer. It provides a relatively large flap for neck resurfacing with tissue very similar to that of the neck. Between January 2013 and March 2015, 20 patients suffering from postburn neck contracture underwent reconstruction with 20 unilateral supraclavicular artery perforator flaps...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149251/a-major-burn-injury-in-a-liver-transplant-patient
#20
I Delikonstantinou, B Philp, D Kamel, D Barnes, P Dziewulski
Immunosuppressive therapy may aggravate the clinical course of a burned patient, primarily affecting wound healing and thus complicating permanent wound coverage. We hereby present the successful management of a 48-year-old female liver transplant recipient with a major burn injury, aiming to elucidate the effects of the patient's immunosuppression on surgical treatment. After admission to the Burns ITU, the patient underwent serial debridement of the burn and coverage with cryopreserved allografts. Despite immunosuppression, no prolonged survival of the allo-epidermis was documented...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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