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Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021731/mbc-news
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021730/case-report-of-a-high-voltage-electrical-injury-and-review-of-the-indications-for-early-fasciotomy-in-limb-salvage-of-an-electrically-injured-limb
#2
T J Huei, S J Mohd Yussof, H T C Lip, I Salina
Electrical injuries make up a relatively small portion of burn injuries. Safety measures in place on domestic electricity supply have reduced the occurrence of high voltage electrical injuries. We present the case of a young man who sustained a high voltage electrical injury on all four limbs. Early fasciotomy was performed on both his hands and forearms. Despite early compartment release, the left upper limb deteriorated and required amputation. In this article we discuss the indications, outcomes and complications of early fasciotomy...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021729/management-of-split-skin-graft-donor-site-in-the-west-african-sub-region-survey-of-plastic-surgeons-practice
#3
O A Olawoye, S A Ademola, A O Iyun, A I Michael, O M Oluwatosin
Split skin graft (SSG) is one of the most commonly performed operations on any Plastic Surgery service. Rate of donor site healing is affected by various factors including the type of dressing applied. The aim of this study was to survey the practice of plastic surgeons in the sub region with respect to management of SSG donor site and see how it conforms to international standards. Structured questionnaires on various aspects of the harvest and management of SSG donor sites were administered to plastic surgeons during the 53rd annual conference of the West African College of Surgeons (WACS) at Lome, Togo in March 2013...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021728/olympic-torch-flap-one-stop-option-for-simultaneous-brow-upper-and-lower-lid-reconstruction-in-post-burn-patients
#4
M Vathulya, D Chattopadhyay, K Koyama
Facial units reconstruction in a post burn patient poses tough challenges. Simultaneous brow and lid reconstruction is one of them. This article presents a 45-year-old epileptic male with burn of complete face. The task of reconstructing the brow, upper and lower lids was successfully accomplished using a modification of the Guyuron postauricular fasciocutaneous flap, after initial grafting and radial forearm flap reconstruction of forehead and other parts of the face. The article gives a single-stop solution for simultaneous reconstruction of brow and lids using a random pattern extension of the traditional postauricular flap, thus proving the excellent vascularity and hence durability of the flap in spite of a 180 degrees change in the orientation of the flap with respect to the axis...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021727/analgesia-sedation-and-arousal-status-in-burn-patients-the-gap-between-recommendations-and-current-practices
#5
A Lavrentieva, N Depetris, I Rodini
Assessment and treatment of pain, agitation and delirium are integral parts of the management of critically ill patients. The purpose of this review is to describe how pain, delirium and agitation are managed in general intensive care units and in burn units, and to address whether management of these issues is compatible with internationally accepted recommendations. A substantial gap exists between the conception of the guidelines, clinical practice and physicians' statements regarding pain, sedation and delirium management...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021726/investigating-the-relationship-between-microalbuminuria-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-severe-burns-in-the-motahari-burn-hospital
#6
M Roham, K Anbari, M J Fatemi, M Momeni
Microalbuminuria seems to be a reflection of increased vascular permeability caused by systemic inflammatory response, and is likely to be a predictor of mortality, sepsis and other outcomes of severe burn patients. We investigated the impact of microalbuminuria on the prognosis of patients with severe burns. This is a prospective study on severe burn patients (above 20%) admitted in the first 24 hours after burns to the Motahari Burn Hospital. Patients' microalbuminuria was measured at admission and 48 hours later, and its relationship with patient prognosis (sepsis, renal failure, death, inhalation injury and systemic inflammatory response syndrome) was analyzed...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021725/prehospital-hydroxocobalamin-for-inhalation-injury-and-cyanide-toxicity-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-a-database-and-survey-of-ems-providers
#7
M V Purvis, H Rooks, J Young Lee, S Longerich, S A Kahn
Prehospital use of hydroxocobalamin as an antidote for cyanide toxicity, a serious complication of smoke inhalation, has yet to be universally adopted in the United States though its efficacy and safety have been demonstrated since 2006. The purpose of this study was to characterize practices of prehospital hydroxocobalamin administration via a survey of emergency medical services (EMS) and to report a case series from an EMS database to track use of hydroxocobalamin. The Fire Smoke Coalition Newsletter emailed a voluntary survey to EMS subscribers regarding hydroxocobalamin use...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021724/inhalation-injury-in-a-burn-unit-a-retrospective-review-of-prognostic-factors
#8
D Monteiro, I Silva, P Egipto, A Magalhães, R Filipe, A Silva, A Rodrigues, J Costa
Inhalation injury (InI) is known to seriously affect the prognosis of burn patients, as it is strongly associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite major advances in the treatment of burn patients in the past years, advances in the treatment of smoke InI have been somewhat limited; mortality reduction mostly results from improvements in critical care. It is difficult to separate the contribution of InI from other mechanisms that also affect respiratory tract and lungs. The aim of this study was to compare patients with and without InI and to identify prognostic factors among patients with smoke InI...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021723/bacterial-infections-in-burn-wound-patients-at-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-accra-ghana
#9
O A Forson, E Ayanka, M Olu-Taiwo, P J Pappoe-Ashong, P J Ayeh-Kumi
Intact human skin surface is essential for protection against infection, preservation of body fluid homeostasis and thermoregulation. Burn injury compromises the skin barrier and enables bacterial infection, hence delaying burn wound healing. This study aimed to determine the microbial profile of burn wounds, and resistance patterns of microbes with respect to the source of the injured patient's wound. Fifty wound swab samples were collected from fifty burn patients at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra (KBTH)...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021722/bacterial-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile-and-the-prevalence-of-sepsis-among-burn-patients-at-the-burn-unit-of-cipto-mangunkusumo-hospital
#10
A Wardhana, R Djan, Z Halim
Infection is a major cause of mortality and morbidity among burn patients. An effective measure to reduce infection is routine monitoring of bacterial infection and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns at the burn unit. This will help to create a burn centre-specific empirical antibiotic therapy protocol. A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted at the Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM) Burn Unit between September-November 2016. Data regarding bacterial culture isolates, antimicrobial susceptibility spectrum, and the number of burn patients diagnosed with sepsis were collected...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021721/the-effect-of-comorbidities-and-complications-on-the-mortality-of-burned-patients
#11
D Costa Santos, F Barros, N Gomes, T Guedes, M Maia
The World Health Organization has defined 'elderly' as 65 years or older. Age is a known major prognostic factor after burn injury. The objective of this study is to establish whether epidemiologic differences in the elderly contribute to higher mortality compared to younger patients. Patients admitted to the burn unit between 2011 and 2014 (229 patients) were included: 159 were under 65 years old and 70 (30.6%) were 65 or over. The elderly group had a higher mortality rate, 24.6% versus 8.2% (p=0.002). Patients over 65 presented more pre-existing co-morbidities (1...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021720/burn-injury-review-of-pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-modalities-in-major-burns
#12
I Kaddoura, G Abu-Sittah, A Ibrahim, R Karamanoukian, N Papazian
Despite a considerable decrease in their incidence worldwide, burn injuries remain one of the commonest forms of trauma and account for a weighty proportion of trauma cases in health-care emergencies around the globe. Although the latest data reveal a substantial decline in burn-related mortality and hospital admissions in the US over the past three decades, severe thermal injuries continue to trigger devastating morbidity and significant mortality while their management remains a dynamic challenge for the entire medical and paramedical community...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021719/%C3%A3-tude-des-accidents-%C3%A3-lectriques-d%C3%A2-origine-professionnelle-%C3%A3-yaound%C3%A3
#13
L J Owona Manga, M Kouassi Yao
The frequency of work-related electrical injuries has dropped but their characteristics remain unknown in our country. This survey aimed to describe the work-related electrical injuries that occurred in Yaounde during the period 2005-2014. The study was carried out in Yaounde-based central level hospitals from February 1st, 2015 to May 10th, 2015. Data from the files of the victims of these accidents were collated and analyzed. Socio-demographic, professional and epidemiological data were described and results were presented in descriptive mode...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021718/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-2-590-burned-patients-in-northwest-iran
#14
S N Hosseini, V Rashtchi, K Kamali, M H Moghimi
Burns are calamities with considerable morbidity and mortality rates. We attempted to examine the epidemiology of burns in Zanjan city, in northwest Iran, by a systematic study of existing information. The medical files of 2,590 thermal burn patients treated in our hospital in Zanjan city, Iran, from December 2010 to November 2016 were studied. Patient information, including age, sex, burn degree, season, cause of burn, hospital stay and treatment results were analyzed. About 65% of the patients were male (n=1691)...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592940/mbc-news
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592939/ashura-a-festival-of-charity-associated-with-a-serious-and-disabling-eye-injury-report-of-12-cases
#16
M O Moustaine, B Allali, I Fetouh, L Elmaaloum, A Elkettani, K Zaghloul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592938/thermal-burn-in-a-30-minute-old-newborn-report-on-the-youngest-patient-with-iatrogenic-burn-injury
#17
L Abboud, G Ghanimeh
Burns in infants are rare. The majority of neonatal burns occur in the hospital setting. The immaturity of their immune system, their fragile and thin skin, difficulties in resuscitation, engraftment paucity limited by donor sites, and long-term complications make taking care of burned newborns extremely difficult. We present the case of a newborn burned 30 minutes after his birth over a total body surface of 35%, when the hot water bottle used in the hospital accidentally burst. This is the earliest iatrogenic burn in a newborn reported to date...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592937/the-pedicled-groin-flap-in-resurfacing-hand-burn-scar-release-and-other-injuries-a-five-case-series-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
K S Amouzou, N Berny, A El Harti, M Diouri, A Chlihi, M Ezzoubi
XX.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592936/grafting-both-acute-wound-site-and-adjacent-donor-site-with-the-same-graft-an-easy-and-safe-procedure-to-improve-healing-and-minimize-pain-in-elderly-and-bedridden-patients
#19
C Keilani, D Agard, A Duhoux, A Lakhel, O Giraud, M Brachet, P Duhamel, E Bey
In harvesting skin to cover the defect caused by a burn, a second wound is created, the donor site wound. We propose an alternative method to manage the donor site: taking a split-thickness skin graft (STSG) from a donor site adjacent to the burn wound to be treated, and meshing at a 3:1 ratio to cover both sites at once. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of covering both burn wound and adjacent donor site with the same STSG in elderly and bedridden patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 patients over 60 years old or/and bedridden presenting with a small burn wound who underwent STSG of both burn wound and adjacent donor site between April 2016 and November 2016 in the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Treatment at Percy Military Hospital (France)...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#20
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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