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Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters

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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
R Le Floch
The main topic of the 2017 SFB congress was « burn and infections ». It took place on Thursday, 8th June. Twenty presentations were given, and this article illustrates each of them. The authors are listed above and the title of each paragraph is the title of their presentation.
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
C J Wiedermann, K Eisendle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A A Mohammadi, A Foroutan, S Mohammadi, M H Anbardar
Marjolin's ulcer refers to any malignant transformation of chronic wounds. Different chronic wounds may be transformed into malignancies, although they usually have a latency period of between 25 to 40 years after the primary injury. We herein present an otherwise healthy man who developed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) three weeks after burn injury. It is an interesting case because of this acute transformation into SCC, and may be considered as different to the usual presentation of Marjolin's ulcers.
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
B S Atiyeh, S W A Gunn
In the past five years, no fewer than 15 conflicts have brought unspeakable tragedy and misery to millions across the world. At present, nearly 20 people are forcibly displaced every minute as a result of conflict or persecution, representing a crisis of historic proportions. Many displaced persons end up in camps generally developing in an impromptu fashion, and are totally dependent on humanitarian aid. The precarious condition of temporary installations puts the nearly 700 refugee camps worldwide at high risk of disease, child soldier and terrorist recruitment, and physical and sexual violence...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
N N Lam, H T X Huong, C A Tuan
Our aim was to investigate characteristics and outcomes of patients with mass burn injuries admitted to the National Institute of Burns (NIB), Hanoi, Vietnam. A retrospective note audit was conducted on 83 episodes of mass burn injury (MBI) resulting in 332 patients being admitted to the NIB from 1/2009 to 1/2015. Evaluated criteria included occurrence time, causal agents, place, MBI size, and demographic information such as patient age, gender, burn surface area, full thickness burn area, inhalation injury, prehospital management and outcome...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
C N Ahachi, I O Fadeyibi, M K Chira, F O Abikoye, C O Okpara
A one-year prospective study of burn patients presenting to the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos from June 1, 2007 to May 31, 2008 was conducted to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of burn injuries sustained by the patients. A proforma reflecting the various data of interest was the main instrument of the study. The data was subjected to simple statistical analysis. A total of 52 patients with a mean age of 25 ± 17.1 years were studied. There were 27 males and 25 females giving a M:F ratio of 1...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Y Krieger, G Rubin, A Schulz, N Rosenberg, A Levi, A J Singer, L Rosenberg, Y Shoham
The objective was to critically review the data and assess the implications of NexoBrid [NexoBrid-NXB formerly Debrase Gel Dressing-DGD]a in the special field of deep hand burns. Detailed analysis of endpoints in the treatment of hand burn patients was conducted as part of a multi-center, open label, randomized, controlled two-arm study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NXB enzymatic debridement, comparing it to the current standard of care (SOC). These results were compared to a large cohort of patients treated with NXB in a previous, single arm study...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
D Boccara, R Lavocat, S Soussi, M Legrand, M Chaouat, A Mebazaa, M Mimoun, A Blet, K Serror
Compartment syndrome is a serious complication of high voltage electrical burns, limb carbonization and deep circular burns with delayed escharotomy. Without treatment, ischemic tissue damage leads to irreversible necrosis. Treatment is emergency surgical decompression. The burned patient is usually not searchable and cannot always be readily examined because of bulky dressings; diagnosis of compartment syndrome is always hard to make. The pressure transducer used in central arterial catheters is easy available...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
M Mobayen, R Farzan, A Dadashi, S Rimaz, R Aghebati
Burning is a major health challenge in all societies. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, health information about hospitalized burn patients was extracted from the hospital information system from April 2009 to February 2015. Logistic regression method was used to identify risk factors and mortality predictors. Lethal area index (LA50) was investigated to evaluate the quality of annual hospital medical care. A total of 7725 patient medical files were examined. Mean age of the patients was 32.3±22.5 years old...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
S Srivastava, A N Patil, M Bedi, R S Tawar
Electrical burn injuries in the paediatric age group constitute a small proportion of all burn cases and cause significant morbidity and long-term psychosocial impact. The objective of this study was to evaluate various aspects of electrical burn injuries in the paediatric age group in our region. A retrospective review was done of all paediatric electrical burns admitted to a tertiary care burns unit over a period of 12 months (January 2016 to December 2016). There were 77 cases of electrical burns under the age of 16 years...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
J Gille, A Dietz, H Taha, A Sablotzki
The present study examined the effectiveness of an automated systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)-based alarm system for the early detection of sepsis in adult burn patients. In addition, the relevance of the sepsis criteria from the American Burn Association (ABA) and the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) for this patient group was determined. In this prospective observational study, we included 41 consecutive patients who were admitted to our burn ICU within a one-year period...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
N A Latifi, H Karimi
The study of burn flora is helpful in determining current antibiotic susceptibilities and locating development of multidrug resistant bacterial strains among the unit's usual flora. In this study, we aimed to determine the bacteriological pattern of blood, urine and sputum infections and their correlation with burn wound infections. We used data from our burn registry program. All data on demographics, burn wounds and burn wound infection, bacteria isolated, sensitivity to different antibiotics, burn wound culture, sputum culture, urine culture and catheter tip culture were recorded...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
M Al-Shamsi, N Othman
Burns are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and an important public health problem in Iraq. The current study was undertaken to describe epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized burn patients and investigate in-hospital mortality. The study was undertaken at the Al-Fayhaa Burn Centre in Basra City through analyzing hospital records of patients admitted to the centre for a new burn injury between January and December 2016. Data were extracted from all accessible files, entered into Epidata and analyzed in Stata...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
H Arifi, H Ahmeti, V Zatriqi, Sh Buja, Z Rexhaj, N Arifi
Burns are the most devastating form of trauma. They are among the most devastating injuries a child can sustain, and coupled with prolonged aggressive and non-aggressive medical and nursing therapies, can result in long-term physical and psychological concerns. Data were obtained from medical records of burned patients treated in our clinic from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015. Subsequent details are examined, such as age, gender, etiologic factor, surface of the affected area, depth of burn, localization of injury by region, season when they happened the most, methods of treatment and duration of hospitalization...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
T J Huei, S J Mohd Yussof, H T C Lip, I Salina
Electrical injuries make up a relatively small portion of burn injuries. Safety measures in place on domestic electricity supply have reduced the occurrence of high voltage electrical injuries. We present the case of a young man who sustained a high voltage electrical injury on all four limbs. Early fasciotomy was performed on both his hands and forearms. Despite early compartment release, the left upper limb deteriorated and required amputation. In this article we discuss the indications, outcomes and complications of early fasciotomy...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
O A Olawoye, S A Ademola, A O Iyun, A I Michael, O M Oluwatosin
Split skin graft (SSG) is one of the most commonly performed operations on any Plastic Surgery service. Rate of donor site healing is affected by various factors including the type of dressing applied. The aim of this study was to survey the practice of plastic surgeons in the sub region with respect to management of SSG donor site and see how it conforms to international standards. Structured questionnaires on various aspects of the harvest and management of SSG donor sites were administered to plastic surgeons during the 53rd annual conference of the West African College of Surgeons (WACS) at Lome, Togo in March 2013...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
M Vathulya, D Chattopadhyay, K Koyama
Facial units reconstruction in a post burn patient poses tough challenges. Simultaneous brow and lid reconstruction is one of them. This article presents a 45-year-old epileptic male with burn of complete face. The task of reconstructing the brow, upper and lower lids was successfully accomplished using a modification of the Guyuron postauricular fasciocutaneous flap, after initial grafting and radial forearm flap reconstruction of forehead and other parts of the face. The article gives a single-stop solution for simultaneous reconstruction of brow and lids using a random pattern extension of the traditional postauricular flap, thus proving the excellent vascularity and hence durability of the flap in spite of a 180 degrees change in the orientation of the flap with respect to the axis...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A Lavrentieva, N Depetris, I Rodini
Assessment and treatment of pain, agitation and delirium are integral parts of the management of critically ill patients. The purpose of this review is to describe how pain, delirium and agitation are managed in general intensive care units and in burn units, and to address whether management of these issues is compatible with internationally accepted recommendations. A substantial gap exists between the conception of the guidelines, clinical practice and physicians' statements regarding pain, sedation and delirium management...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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