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Journal of Bioethical Inquiry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236152/the-ninth-circle-who-and-what-do-we-trust-in-today-s-world
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael Ashby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224271/the-perfect-womb-promoting-equality-of-fetal-opportunity
#2
Evie Kendal
This paper aims to address how artificial gestation might affect equality of opportunity for the unborn and any resultant generation of "ectogenetic" babies. It will first explore the current legal obstacles preventing the development of ectogenesis, before looking at the benefits of allowing this technology to control fetal growth and development. This will open up a discussion of the treatment/enhancement divide regarding the use of reproductive technologies, a topic featured in various bioethical debates on the subject...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220355/dutch-protocols-for-deliberately-ending-the-life-of-newborns-a-defence
#3
Matthew Tedesco
The Groningen Protocol, introduced in the Netherlands in 2005 and accompanied by revised guidelines published in a report commissioned by the Royal Dutch Medical Association in 2014, specifies conditions under which the lives of severely ill newborns may be deliberately ended. Its publication came four years after the Netherlands became the first nation to legalize the voluntary active euthanasia of adults, and the Netherlands remains the only country to offer a pathway to protecting physicians who might engage in deliberately ending the life of a newborn (DELN)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205104/prestidigitation-vs-public-trust-or-how-we-can-learn-to-change-the-conversation-and-prevent-powers%C3%A2-from-organizing-the-discontent
#4
EDITORIAL
Leigh E Rich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205103/a-response-to-penders-the-disvalue-of-vagueness-in-authorship
#5
EDITORIAL
David Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144901/investigating-public-trust-in-expert-knowledge-narrative-ethics-and-engagement
#6
Silvia Camporesi, Maria Vaccarella, Mark Davis
"Public Trust in Expert Knowledge: Narrative, Ethics, and Engagement" examines the social, cultural, and ethical ramifications of changing public trust in the expert biomedical knowledge systems of emergent and complex global societies. This symposium was conceived as an interdisciplinary project, drawing on bioethics, the social sciences, and the medical humanities. We settled on public trust as a topic for our work together because its problematization cuts across our fields and substantive research interests...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144900/erratum-to-inhospitable-healthcare-spaces-why-diversity-training-on-lgbtqia-issues-is-not-enough
#7
Megan A Dean, Elizabeth Victor, Laura Guidry-Grimes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108866/donor-conception-and-passing-or-why-australian-parents-of-donor-conceived-children-want-donors-who-look-like-them
#8
Karen-Anne Wong
This article explores the processes through which Australian recipients select unknown donors for use in assisted reproductive technologies and speculates on how those processes may affect the future life of the donor-conceived person. I will suggest that trust is an integral part of the exchange between donors, recipients, and gamete agencies in donor conception and heavily informs concepts of relatedness, race, ethnicity, kinship, class, and visibility. The decision to be transparent (or not) about a child's genetic parentage affects recipient parents' choices of donor, about who is allowed to "know" children's genetic backgrounds, and how important it is to be able to "pass" as an unassisted conception...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063105/the-moral-of-the-tale-stories-trust-and-public-engagement-with-clinical-ethics-via-radio-and-theatre
#9
Deborah Bowman
Trust is frequently discussed with reference to the professional-patient relationship. However, trust is less explored in relation to the ways in which understanding of, and responses to, questions of ethics are discussed by both the "public" and "experts." Public engagement activity in healthcare ethics may invoke "trust" in analysing a moral question or problem but less frequently conceives of trust as integral to "public engagement" itself. This paper explores the relationship between trust and the ways in which questions of healthcare ethics are identified and negotiated by both "experts" and the public...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063104/considering-professional-misconduct-and-best-interests-of-a-child-palliative-orders
#10
Bernadette J Richards, Michaela Okninski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050797/debates-about-conflict-of-interest-in-medicine-deconstructing-a-divided-discourse
#11
Serena Purdy, Miles Little, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
The pharmaceutical industry plays an increasingly dominant role in healthcare, raising concerns about "conflicts of interest" (COI) on the part of the medical professionals who interact with the industry. However, there is considerable disagreement over the extent to which COI is a problem and how it should be managed. Participants in debates about COI have become entrenched in their views, which is both unproductive and deeply confusing for the majority of medical professionals trying to work in an increasingly commercialized environment...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039599/the-value-of-vagueness-in-the-politics-of-authorship
#12
EDITORIAL
Bart Penders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005252/the-biopolitics-of-lifestyle-foucault-ethics-and-healthy-choices-christopher-mayes-2016-routledge-oxford-and-new-york-978-1-138-93386-6-156-pp
#13
Andrew Cooper
Unlike many recent studies on the notion of lifestyle, Christopher Mayes' The Biopolitics of Lifestyle balances theoretical rigour with empirical investigation to problematize the use of lifestyle in public health strategies. Not only does Mayes' book expose the unjustified emphasis on individual autonomy undergirding neoliberal strategies of governance and contemporary ethical theory, it also marks a significant step forward in enhancing our understanding of one of Foucault's most underappreciated concepts, the dispositif...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005251/investigating-trust-expertise-and-epistemic-injustice-in-chronic-pain
#14
Daniel Z Buchman, Anita Ho, Daniel S Goldberg
Trust is central to the therapeutic relationship, but the epistemic asymmetries between the expert healthcare provider and the patient make the patient, the trustor, vulnerable to the provider, the trustee. The narratives of pain sufferers provide helpful insights into the experience of pain at the juncture of trust, expert knowledge, and the therapeutic relationship. While stories of pain sufferers having their testimonies dismissed are well documented, pain sufferers continue to experience their testimonies as being epistemically downgraded...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005250/gestational-diabetes-testing-narrative-and-medical-distrust
#15
Jennifer Edwell, Jordynn Jack
In this article, we investigate the role of scientific and patient narratives on perceptions of the medical debate around gestational diabetes (GDM) testing. Among medical scientists, we show that the narrative surrounding GDM testing affirms that future research and data will lead to medical consensus. We call this narrative trajectory the "deferred quest." For patients, however, diagnosis and their subsequent discovery that biomedicine does not speak in one voice ruptures their trust in medical authority...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975157/how-can-respectfulness-in-medical-professionals-be-increased-a-complex-but-important-question
#16
Claudine Clucas, Lindsay St Claire
Respectfulness is demanded of doctors and predicts more positive patient health-related outcomes, but research is scarce on ways to promote it. This study explores two ways to conceptualize unconditional respect from medical students, defined as respect paid to people on the basis of their humanity, in order to inform strategies to increase it. Unconditional respect conceptualized as an attitude suggests that unconditional respect and conditional respect are additive, whereas unconditional respect conceptualized as a personality trait suggests that people who are high on unconditional respect afford equal respect to all humans regardless of their merits...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975156/how-should-we-respond-to-non-dominant-healing-practices-the-example-of-homeopathy
#17
Ben Gray
The debate around the ethics of homeopathy in recent issues of the journal has been approached as a binary question; is homeopathy ethical or not? This paper suggests that this is an unhelpful question and instead discusses a framework to establish the extent to which the dominant (medical) culture should tolerate non-dominant health practices such as homeopathy. This requires a sophisticated understanding of the placebo effect, a critical evaluation of what evidence is available, a consideration of the harm that the non-dominant practice might cause, and a consideration of how this might be affected by the culture of the patient...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975155/-harvesting-and-use-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-an-islamic-evaluation
#18
Anke I Bouzenita
This paper gives insight into the Islamic bioethical discussion on harvesting and using human embryonic (hESC) and adult stem cells. It describes some of the Islamic legal mechanisms involved in the bioethical discourse among Muslims. As the contemporary Islamic bioethical discourse is very diverse, the paper focuses on the critical discussion of related resolutions of the Saudi-based Islamic Fiqh Academy due to the esteem in which the IFA is held in the Islamic world and the pertinence of their rulings on this issue...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933459/four-reasons-why-assisted-dying-should-not-be-offered-for-depression
#19
Thomas Blikshavn, Tonje Lossius Husum, Morten Magelssen
Recently, several authors have argued that assisted dying may be ethically appropriate when requested by a person who suffers from serious depression unresponsive to treatment. We here present four arguments to the contrary. First, the arguments made by proponents of assisted dying rely on notions of "treatment-resistant depression" that are problematic. Second, an individual patient suffering from depression may not be justified in believing that chances of recovery are minimal. Third, the therapeutic significance of hope must be acknowledged; when mental healthcare opens up the door to admitting hopelessness, there is a danger of a self-fulfilling prophecy...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004231/bipolar-1-as-graphic-memoir
#20
Ellen Forney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
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