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Medicinski Glasnik

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917855/identification-of-microorganisms-on-mobile-phones-of-intensive-care-unit-health-care-workers-and-medical-students-in-the-tertiary-hospital
#1
Ivan Kotris, Domagoj Drenjančević, Jasminka Talapko, Suzana Bukovski
Aim To identify and investigate a difference between microorganisms present on intensive care unit (ICU) health care workers' (HCW, doctors, nurses or medical technicians) and medical students' mobile phones as well as to investigate a difference between the frequency and the way of cleaning mobile phones. Methods Fifty swabs were collected from HCWs who work in the ICU (University Hospital Centre Osijek) and 60 swabs from medical students (School of Medicine, University of Osijek). Microorganisms were identified according to standard microbiological methods and biochemical tests to the genus/species level...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917854/anatomic-variations-of-posterior-paranasal-sinuses-and-optic-nerve
#2
Alma Efendić, Edin Muharemović, Rasim Skomorac, Hakija Bečulić, Sabina Šestić, Benjamin Halilović, Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo
Aim To define direct anatomical relations of the sphenoidal (alae minores), ethmoidal sinuses and optic nerve, with an emphasis on determining the effect of age on pneumatisation and dehiscence. Methods This retrospective, descriptive study involved 60 consecutive patients: 30 patients younger than 30 and30 patients older than 60 years of age. All patients underwent computerized tomography(CT). The relationship of the optic nerve and the sphenoidal and ethmoidal sinuses was classified. The presence of dehiscence in the bone structures, forming the optic canal, was checked...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917853/treatment-of-posttraumatic-epilepsy-with-new-generation-antiepileptic-drugs-aeds-our-experience
#3
Lidija Šapina, Marija Ratković
Aim To investigate influence of therapy with new generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in fastening of posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) remission comparing to therapy with standard AEDs, as well as the time to remission in the presence of psychiatric comorbidities. Methods The study was conducted during the 1988-2008 period and included 113 patients (47 females and 67 males) with PTE and 113 patients (93 females and 20 males) suffering from complex partial seizures (CPS) of temporal lobe origin. In both patient groups, epileptic seizure phenotype, brain magnetic resonance imaging (1...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917852/results-of-bronchoscopic-excision-in-typical-carcinoid-tumors-of-the-lung-in-turkey
#4
Hilal Boyacı, Mustafa Çörtük, Şule Gül, Elif Tanrıverdi, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Hüseyin Erhan Dinçer, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
Aim Carcinoid tumors of the lung are the tumors originating from the neuroendocrine cells. Surgical excision remains the gold standard for the treatment. Treatment with interventional bronchoscopic excision has also been reported as an alternative option in typical carcinoid tumors of the lung. The aim of this study was to present results and outcomes in patients who were bronchoscopically treated and followed-up. Methods Data of 14 patients, who had undergone bronchoscopic excision due to typical carcinoid tumor of the lung between April 2008 and July 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917851/missing-risks-in-opportunistic-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-crodiabgp-study
#5
Marija Vrca Botica, Linda Carcaxhiu, Josipa Kern, Thomas Kuehlein, Iva Botica, Larisa Gavran, Ines Zelić, Darko Iliev, Dijana Haralović, Anđelko Vrca
Aim To examine two methods of extracting risks for undetected type 2 diabetes (T2D): derived from electronic medical record(EMR) and family medicine (FM) assessment during pre-consultation phase. All risks were structured in three lists of patients' data using Wonca International Classification Committee(WICC). Missing data were detected in each list. Methods A prospective study included a group of 1883 patients(aged 45-70) identified with risks. Risks were assessed based on EMR for continuity variables and FM's assessment for episodes of disease and personal related information...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917850/an-assessment-of-marital-adjustment-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Hatice Resorlu, Basak Sahin, Hulya Ertekin, Serhad Bilim, Yılmaz Savas
Aim To investigate marital adjustment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and factors affecting this. Methods A total of 32 patients diagnosed with Steinbrocker class 1-2 rheumatoid arthritis and 32 healthy individuals from a similar age group were included. Sociodemographic characteristics, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), short-form 36(SF-36) and the dyadic adjustment scale (DAS) were evaluated in both groups. A visual analogue scale (VAS), the disease activity score 28(DAS28) and a health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) were also investigated in the patient group...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917849/presence-and-resistance-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-vaginal-specimens-of-pregnant-and-adult-non-pregnant-women-and-association-with-other-aerobic-bacteria
#7
Fatima Numanović, Jasmina Smajlović, Merima Gegić, Zineta Delibegović, Sabaheta Bektaš, Emir Halilović, Jasmina Nurkić
Aim To determine the prevalence rate and resistance profile of Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) in vaginal swabs of pregnant and adult non-pregnant women in the Tuzla region, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), as well as its association with other aerobic bacteria. Methods This prospective study included 200 women, 100 pregnant and 100 adult non-pregnant. The research was conducted at the Institute of Microbiology, University Clinical Center Tuzla from October to December 2015. Standard aerobic microbiological techniques were used for isolation and identification of S...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917848/depression-and-intimate-relationships-of-adolescents-from-divorced-families
#8
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917847/poultry-products-enriched-with-nutricines-have-beneficial-effects-on-human-health
#9
Gordana Kralik, Zlata Kralik
The paper presents nutritive value of broiler meat and table eggs, as these animal products are used for human nutrition on a daily basis. In the Republic of Croatia, average consumption of poultry meat amounts to 18.3 kg and to 160 eggs per capita.The most quality parts of broiler carcass are breasts and drumsticks with thighs. Breast muscles contain 21-23% protein, 1.90-1.97% fat, 75.28-76.01% water and 0.74-0.77% collagen. Thigh muscles contain 4.70-6.05% fat, 19.03-19.93% protein and 0.91-1.13% collagen...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917846/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-and-pharmacists-towards-the-use-of-generic-medicines-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#10
Tarik Čatić, Lejla Avdagić, Igor Martinović
Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917845/conditions-of-endotracheal-intubation-with-and-without-muscle-relaxant-in-children
#11
Nermina Rizvanović, Senada Čaušević, Adisa Šabanović
Aim To compare intubation conditions and hemodynamic response of two induction regimens, with or without muscle relaxant using a combination of either fentanyl and propofol or propofol and suxamethonium. Methods A total of 80 children aged 4-12 years were enrolled in a prospective randomized double-blinded study. Children were randomly allocated in two equal groups. In group F induction was done with fentanyl and propofol, while propofol and suxamethonium were used in group S. Intubation conditions were assessed using Copenhagen Consensus Score (CCS), based on ease of laryngoscopy, position of vocal cords, degree of coughing, jaw relaxation and limb movements...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612525/prevention-of-trismus-with-different-pharmacological-therapies-after-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar
#12
Edin Selimović, Lejla Ibrahimagić-Šeper, Ibrahim Šišić, Suad Sivić, Senad Huseinagić
Aim To assess prevention and reduction of trismus after surgically extracted impacted mandibular third molars with individual and combined therapy with corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory analgesics. Methods The research included 60 randomly selected patients (3 groups) attended to the Dental Oral Surgery of the Public Institution Healthcare Center Zenica during the period January-December 2008. Patients of both genders, 18-45 years of age, were presented without pain and other inflammatory symptoms at the time of surgery...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452330/igfbp-1-marker-of-cervical-ripening-and-predictor-of-preterm-birth
#13
Larisa Mešić Ðogić, Dragana Mićić, Feđa Omeragić, Refka Kovač, Seid Fazlagić
Aim To establish a correlation between positive values of IGFBP-1(>10 mg/L, Actim Partus Test, APT) and premature cervical ripening in imminent preterm labor. Methods A prospective study was conducted in primary health care centers in Tuzla, Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic of the University Clinical Centre in Tuzla and General Hospital Tešanj. The study included 50 women (singleton pregnancy, 28-37 week) with imminent preterm labor diagnosed by cervical biometry and modified Bishop score) (examinees) and 30 healthy pregnant women (control group)...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452329/secular-trend-of-anthropometric-parameters-of-newborns-in-municipalities-of-tuzla-canton-1976-2007
#14
Amela Begić, Jasminka H Halilović, Lejla Mešalić, Sabina H Halilović
Aim To determine the acceleration of birth weight and birth length of newborns in the municipalities of Tuzla Canton in the last four decades. Tuzla Canton (TC) as an administrative territorial unit of the FBiH includes 13 municipalities. Methods In this retrospective study data from the Protocol Book of Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic, University Clinical Center, from 1976 to 2007 were used. The sample of live-born infants by municipalities was divided into four sub-samples: a subsample of infants born in 1976, 1987, 1997 and 2007...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452328/effects-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-airway-smooth-muscle-contraction-in-rats
#15
Hatice Betul Altinisik, Pakize Kirdemir, Ugur Altinisik, Osman Gokalp
Aim To investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) at different doses on isolated tracheal smooth muscle contraction in rats induced by different mechanisms. Methods Twelve rats' tracheas were placed into organ bath. Consecutively, acetylcholine (10-6,10-5,10-4 M), histamine(10-8,10-5,10-3 M) and KCl (30,60 mM) solutions was administered for contractions. MgSO4 from 10-4 to 10-1 M concentrations were subsequently administered after each constrictive agent and relaxation degrees were recorded. Results In the acetylcholine and KCl groups, dose dependent strong contractions were observed, but not in the histamine group and that group was excluded...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452327/relation-of-red-cell-distribution-width-with-dipper-and-non-dipper-hypertension
#16
Eyup Buyukkaya, Ali Erayman, Esra Karakas, Alper Bugra Nacar, Mustafa Kurt, Sule Buyukkaya, Adnan Burak Akcay, Nihat Sen
Aim Red cell distribution width (RDW), an index of erythrocyte size, is associated with high risk for cardiovascular disease. Nondipping hypertension (HT) is lack of nocturnal fall in blood pressure(BP). The association between RDW and non-dipping BP in normotensive and hypertensive patients was investigated. Methods A total of 170 patients were categorized into 4 groups: Normotensive-Dipper (NT-D), Normotensive-Non-dipper (NTND), Hypertensive-Dipper (HT-D) and Hypertensive-Non-dipper(HT-ND). RDW and hs-CRP levels were measured...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452326/impact-of-timing-on-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-cauda-equina-syndrome-caused-by-lumbar-disc-herniation
#17
Hakija Bečulić, Rasim Skomorac, Aldin Jusić, Fahrudin Alić, Melica Imamović, Alma Mekić-Abazović, Alma Efendić, Harun Brkić, Amir Denjalić
Aim To analyze the relationship between timing of surgery and outcome in patients with cauda equina syndrome caused by lumbar disc herniation. Methods A retrospective, non-randomized clinical study included 25 consecutive patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) caused by lumbar disc herniation. All patients were operated within 24 hours after hospitalization at the Department of Neurosurgery, Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients were evaluated before surgery on the basis of complete history, neurological examination and neuroimaging evaluations using CT (computed tomography)and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452325/radiological-evaluation-of-lumbosacral-spine-for-post-discectomy-segmental-instability
#18
Rasim Skomorac, Jasmin Delić, Hakija Bečulić, Aldin Jusić
Aim To establish presence of segmental instability in patients operated with standard discectomy comparing measurement of translation and rotation on postoperative functional radiographs of lumbosacral spine with reference values,and to explore difference between patients operated on one or two levels. Methods The study included 71 patients, who were operated due to herniated lumbar disc. They were divided into two groups operated on one level (group A) or two adjacent levels (group B). All patients had been imaged in a standing position with functional lateral radiography...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452324/comparison-of-the-accuracy-and-correctness-of-mortality-estimates-for-intensive-care-unit-patients-in-internal-clinics-of-the-czech-republic-using-apache-ii-apache-iv-saps-3-and-mpmoiii-models
#19
Pavel Sedloň, Libor Kameník, Jan Škvařil, Martin Malý, Miloš Táborský, Miroslav Zavoral
Aim To verify and compare the accuracies of mortality predictions in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Internal Clinic of Central Military Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, using model APACHE II and the newer systems of the APACHE IV, SAPS 3 and MPMo III. Methods The data were collected retrospectively between 2011 and 2012, 1000 patients were evaluated. The assessment of the overall accuracy of the mortality predictions was performed using the standardized mortality ratio (SMR), and the calibration was assessed using the Lemeshow-Hosmer "goodness-of-fit" C statistic...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452323/relationship-between-ultrasonographically-determined-kidney-volume-and-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Sandra Vegar Zubović, Spomenka Kristić, Irmina Sefić Pašić
Aim To investigate a correlation between calculated creatinine clearance as a measure of kidney's functional abilities and ultrasonographically determined kidney volume, which represents actual size of the kidney, in fact residual renal mass in chronic kidney disease, in order to determine possibilities of ultrasound as a diagnostic method in diagnosing and follow up of chronic renal disease. Methods Prospective study included 150 patients with registered demographic and anthropometric data, and also with relevant laboratory tests of renal function...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
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