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Journal of Dietary Supplements

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144788/panchakola-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-and-hek293-cells
#1
Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sadaf Fatima
A large number of studies have proven the efficacy of ayurveda in the field of health and wellness. Panchakola, an ayurvedic formulation, is a general health tonic primarily used to cure fever, inflammation, pain, indigestion, and so on. We investigated effects of panchakola on oxidative stress in MCF-7 breast cancer and human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. This work was performed to assess the antineoplastic and free radical-scavenging potential of aqueous extract of panchakola, a polyherbal formulation, in normal and breast cancer cell lines (i...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131701/are-the-level-of-knowledge-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-regarding-folic-acid-supplementation-still-inadequate-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-middle-eastern-urban-setting
#2
Antoine Aoun, Lara Faddoul, Flora El Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Sani Hlais, Lana El Osta
This observational cross-sectional study aimed to examine the knowledge and practices of pregnant women in North Lebanon regarding periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation. A convenience sample of pregnant women attending gynecology clinics in North Lebanon was recruited between May and September 2013. Data were collected from a face-to-face interview performed by a trained local dietician as well as from review of obstetric charts. A total of 465 women were included in the study. Only 37 (7.9%) were aware of the role of FA in preventing birth defects, while 129 (27...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115898/augmented-reversal-of-cisplatin-induced-delayed-gastric-emptying-by-amla-emblica-officinalis-fruit-extract-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#3
Asad Ahmad, Mohammad Khushtar, Ranjan Kumar, Badruddeen, Ambreena Riyaz, Mohammad Irfan Khan, Azizur Rahman
Despite the availability of effective antiemetics, control of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is often suboptimal and there is need of an inexpensive and safer alternative. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Emblica officinalis Gaertn (Euphorbiaceae) fruit extract (EEEO) on cisplatin-induced delayed gastric emptying in Sprague-Dawley rats so that Emblica officinalis can be clarified for its application in CINV as a potential candidate. Groups I, II, III, IV, and V rats were pretreated orally with 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC, 1 mL/kg), 1% CMC (1 mL/kg), EEEO (250 mg/kg), EEEO (500 mg/kg), and ondansetron (3 mg/kg), respectively, for 5 consecutive days...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095663/solvent-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-annona-squamosa-l-seeds-for-determination-of-bioactives-fatty-acid-fatty-oil-composition-and-antioxidant-activity
#4
Mohammad Zahid, Muhammad Arif, Md Akhlaquer Rahman, Kuldeep Singh, Mohd Mujahid
The yield and fatty oil components of the seed kernels of Annona squamosa L. (Family: Annonaceae) were determined by solvent extraction method and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Seeds were extracted with ethanol and further fractionated with n-hexane. The free radical-scavenging activities of both ethanolic and n-hexane fraction against 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, flavonoids, terpenoids, fatty acids, and different types of ester compounds...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095653/curcuma-longa-turmeric-for-prevention-of-capecitabine-induced-hand-foot-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#5
Vanessa Armenio Scontre, Janine Capobiango Martins, Claudia Vaz de Melo Sette, Haila Mutti, Daniel Cubero, Fernando Fonseca, Auro Del Giglio
Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is common and frequently occurs in the first cycle of treatment in approximately 40% to 50% of patients who receive capecitabine. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant used in Ayurvedic medicine with clinical activity in various inflammatory conditions. Our objective was to evaluate whether turmeric was active for the prevention of capecitabine-induced HFS. We included patients older than 18 years of age without previous exposure to capecitabine who were scheduled to receive this medication...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095652/the-protective-effect-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-rosa-canina-dog-rose-fruit-on-liver-function-and-structure-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats
#6
Mohsen Taghizadeh, Ali Akbar Rashidi, Ali Akbar Taherian, Zarichehr Vakili, Mehdi Mehran
This study was conducted to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of Rosa canina (R. canina) extract on streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetes in rats by measuring the fasting blood glucose (FBG), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and liver enzyme activity, including serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Forty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups and treated daily for 42 days as follows: group I (control) received saline as a vehicle; group II (diabetic) received saline; groups III and IV (diabetic) treated with 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight (BW) per day R...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095651/factors-associated-with-vitamin-d-testing-deficiency-intake-and-supplementation-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#7
Manasi Gaikwad, Simon Vanlint, G Lorimer Moseley, Murthy N Mittinty, Nigel Stocks
Vitamin D deficiency is a public health issue, with reports of six- to twenty-five-fold rise in vitamin D testing. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to many chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, depression, and chronic pain. Identifying factors associated with risk of deficiency in individuals with chronic pain will help minimize time and cost. This study aims to examine the factors associated with vitamin D testing, intake, and physician-advised supplementation in individuals with chronic pain...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087758/estrogenic-activities-of-food-supplements-and-beers-as-assessed-by-a-yeast-bioreporter-assay
#8
Iyekhoetin Matthew Omoruyi, Raimo Pohjanvirta
Mounting evidence of the effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in humans has led to assaying a vast array of food items (processed or packaged) as possible sources of human exposure to estrogens. In this study, we investigated the current situation in this respect of different food supplements and beer brands. Eleven food supplements and 24 beer brands were obtained from Helsinki, Finland. Sample preparation was carried out by established methods while estrogenic activities were assessed by a yeast bioluminescent assay, using two recombinant yeast strains (Saccharomyces cerevisiae BMAEREluc/ERα and S...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087735/effects-of-treatment-with-nauclea-latifolia-root-decoction-on-sexual-behavior-and-reproductive-functions-in-male-rabbits
#9
Quadri Kunle Alabi, Olaoluwa Sesan Olukiran, Modinat Adebukola Adefisayo, Benson Akinloye Fadeyi
Nauclea latifolia is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of male reproductive diseases. Despite its vast uses, its effects on the male reproductive system have not been scientifically proven. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Nauclea latifolia root decoction on sexual behavior and functions in male rabbits. Twenty-four male rabbits were divided into four groups: The first group received daily distilled water orally. The second, third, and fourth groups were orally treated with 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg body weight of Nuclea latifolia root, respectively...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053424/l-carnitine-and-potential-protective-effects-against%C3%A2-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-noncardiac-organs-from-experimental-data-to-potential-clinical-applications
#10
Azadeh Moghaddas, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki
The mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is complex and multifactorial. In this condition, systemic event results in morbidity and mortality in several pathologies, including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, acute kidney injury, trauma, and circulatory arrest. Hypoxia over ischemia phase leads to energy imbalance and changes of cellular homeostasis and functional or structural alterations. In addition, during the reperfusion period, some events, including calcium influx, release of intracellular enzymes, and cell membrane integrity breakdown, cause cell death...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028361/new-findings-on-biological-actions-and-clinical-applications-of-royal-jelly-a-review
#11
Mozafar Khazaei, Atefe Ansarian, Elham Ghanbari
Royal jelly (RJ) is a natural bee product with great potential for use in medicine. The chemical composition of RJ indicates the presence of various bioactive substances including 10-hydroxydecanoic acid and 24-methylenecholesterol. In addition, a number of biological and pharmacological activities of RJ have been documented. The aim of this study was to review the biological and medical effects of RJ. The search was conducted in articles from electronic and scientific literature databases such as Pub Med, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and ISI Web of Science published from 1990 to 2017 using keywords of pharmacological, biological, and clinical effects and royal jelly...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020476/adulteration-and-counterfeiting-of-online-nutraceutical-formulations-in-the-united-states-time-for-intervention
#12
Mohamed Ismail Nounou, Yamin Ko, Nada A Helal, Jeremy F Boltz
Global prevalence of nutraceuticals is noticeably high. The American market is flooded with nutraceuticals claiming to be of natural origin and sold with a therapeutic claim by major online retail stores such as Amazon and eBay. The objective of this commentary is to highlight the possible problems of online-sold nutraceuticals in the United States with respect to claim, adulterants, and safety. Furthermore, there is a lack of strict regulatory laws governing the sales, manufacturing, marketing, and label claims of nutraceutical formulations currently sold in the U...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981393/molecular-action-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-hyperglycemic-rats-effect-of-different-concentrations-of-pterocarpus-marsupiums-extract
#13
Leelavinothan Pari, Muhammed Majeed, Ayyasamy Rathinam, Ramasamy Chandramohan
Pterocarpus marsupium (Roxb.) (family Fabaceae) is widely used as a traditional medicine to treat various diseases, including diabetes. However, the molecular mechanism of Pterocarpus marsupium has not been investigated. Two fractions (2.5% and 5%) of extract from the medicinal plant Pterocarpus marsupium (PME) were administered in a dose-dependent manner in rats with streptozotocin-induced (45 mg/kg body weight) type 2 diabetes. Each fraction of PME was administered intragastrically at a dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg body weight for 45 days...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981381/effects-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-serum-leptin-levels-appetite-sensations-and-intake-of-energy-and-macronutrients-in-obese-people-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
L Payahoo, A Ostadrahimi, N Farrin, Y Khaje-Bishak
Obesity is a common health problem. Appetite is one of the main obesity-controlling factors that can be influenced by leptin. Leptin reduces food intake and accelerates energy expenditure. Leptin levels can be affected by dietary factors such as fats, special amino acids, and fructose. This study aimed to determine the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid n-3 (PUFA n-3) supplementation on serum leptin levels, appetite sensations, and dietary intakes in obese people. This study was performed on 60 obese individuals with body mass index (BMI) 30 (kg/m(2)) and above in 2012 in Tabriz, Iran...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981366/cancer-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-5-of-5
#15
Amy C Brown
A current listing of potentially life-threatening, cancer-related dietary supplements (DSs; includes herbs) based on PubMed case reports was summarized in online tables that can now be updated continually to forewarn United States consumers, clinicians, and DS companies. Documented PubMed case reports were used to create a "Toxic Table" related to cancer (1966 to April 2016, and cross-referencing). Keywords included "herb" or "dietary supplement" combined with "cancer" as well as the specific herb "name" combined with "cancer" and sometimes "toxicity...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981338/heart-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-4-of-5
#16
Amy C Brown
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of heart toxicity case reports related to dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs). METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports of DS appearing to contribute to heart-related problems were used to create a "Toxic Table" that summarized the research (1966 to April, 2016, and cross-referencing). Keywords included "herb," "dietary supplement," and cardiac terms. Case reports were excluded if they were herb combinations (some exceptions), Chinese herb mixtures, teas of mixed herb contents, mushrooms, poisonous plants, self-harm (e...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956681/yellow-oleander-seed-or-codo-de-fraile-thevetia-spp-a-review-of-its-potential-toxicity-as-a-purported-weight-loss-supplement
#17
Armando González-Stuart, José O Rivera
The Dietary Supplements and Health Education Act (DSHEA), passed by the United States Congress in October of 1994, defines herbal products as nutritional supplements, not medications. This opened the market for diverse products made from plants, including teas, extracts, essential oils, and syrups. Mexico and the United States share an extensive border, where diverse herbal products are available to the public without a medical prescription. Research undertaken in the neighboring cities of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, and El Paso, Texas, USA, shows the use of herbs is higher in this border area compared to the rest of the United States...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956671/effect-of-raw-crushed-garlic-allium-sativum-l-on-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Prema Ram Choudhary, Rameshchandra D Jani, Megh Shyam Sharma
Metabolic syndrome consists of a group of risk factors characterized by abdominal obesity, hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and prothrombotic and proinflammatory conditions. Raw garlic homogenate has been reported to reduce serum lipid levels in animal model; however, no precise studies have been performed to evaluate the effect of raw crushed garlic (Allium sativum L.) on components of metabolic syndrome. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of raw crushed garlic on components of metabolic syndrome...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956665/modulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-sorbitol-and-aldose-reductase-by-hydroalcohol-extract-of-lagenaria-siceraria-mol-standl-in-diabetic-complications-an-in-vitro-approach
#19
Anu Kajal, Randhir Singh
Herbal medicines have become a core interest, and they are used widely. Lagenaria siceraria is known for its antihyperglycemic, antidyslipidemic, antioxidant potential, and the present study was designed to explore the possible role of L. siceraria in attenuation of diabetic complications via in vitro modulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), sorbitol, and aldose reductase (ALR)-three major biomarkers of diabetic complications. To the best of our knowledge, no study has yet been carried out to explore L...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956658/short-term-supplementation-of-a-moderate-carbohydrate-diet-with-psyllium-reduces-fasting-plasma-insulin-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Mahdieh Kamalpour, Hamid Ghalandari, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
The purpose of this study was to compare effects of a moderate carbohydrate diet supplemented with psyllium with those of a lower carbohydrate diet supplemented with placebo powder on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In an open randomized controlled trial, 37 patients with T2D with body mass index (BMI) 25-35 kg/m2 received either a low-energy, moderate carbohydrate diet plus 7 grams of psyllium powder (MoCyllium group) or a low-energy, lower carbohydrate diet plus placebo powder (LoCarb group) for 2 weeks...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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