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Journal of Dietary Supplements

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937862/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-on-breastfeeding-after-cesarean-section-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Razieh Khalooei Fard, Zohre Tabassi, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeed Hosseini
Delay in the initiation of breastfeeding is one of the problems of cesarean section. Its causes are insulin resistance, pain, anxiety, stress, thirst, hunger, and so on. Preoperative oral carbohydrate (OCH) reduces postoperative insulin resistance and improves postoperative recovery. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate on breastfeeding after cesarean section. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 91 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section were randomly assigned to preoperative OCH (Nutricia Preop; n = 45) or control group (water flavored with lemon; n = 46)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937838/protein-supplements-pros-and-cons
#2
Jay Rabindra Kumar Samal, Indira R Samal
To provide a comprehensive analysis of the literature examining the pros and cons of protein supplementation, various articles on protein supplementation were obtained from Google Scholar, PubMed, and National Center for Biotechnology Information. Over the past few years, protein supplementation has become commonplace for gym-goers as well as for the public. A large segment of the general population relies on protein supplementation for meal replacement, weight reduction, and purported health benefits. These protein supplements have varying pros and cons associated with them, which are often overlooked by the public...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937827/effect-of-saffron-on-metabolic-profile-and-retina-in-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#3
Evangelos K Doumouchtsis, Aspasia Tzani, Ilias P Doulamis, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Korou Laskarina-Maria, Georgios Agrogiannis, Emmanouil Agapitos, Marilita M Moschos, Alkiviadis Kostakis, Despina N Perrea
Saffron is a spice that has been traditionally used as a regimen for a variety of diseases due to its potent antioxidant attributes. It is well documented that impaired systemic oxidative status is firmly associated with diverse adverse effects including retinal damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of saffron administration against the retinal damage in apoE -/- mice fed a high-fat diet, since they constitute a designated experimental model susceptible to oxidative stress. Twenty-one mice were allocated into three groups: Group A (control, n = 7 c57bl/6 mice) received standard chow diet; Group B (high-fat, n = 7 apoE -/- mice) received a high-fat diet; and Group C (high-fat and saffron, n = 7 apoE -/- mice) received a high-fat diet and saffron (25 mg/kg/d) through their drinking water...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837388/vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-use-by-community-dwelling-adults-living-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-scoping-review
#4
Katherine Ford, Susan J Whiting
Vitamin and mineral supplements can assist a person in meeting recommended intakes but excessive use can pose risks. Knowing prevalence of supplement use is the first step toward gauging risk-benefit. This scoping review sought to determine the prevalence of vitamin and mineral supplement use among community-dwelling Canadian and American adults. Medline and Embase were searched using keywords and MeSH headings that encapsulated both vitamin and mineral supplements and community-dwelling adults in Canada and the United States...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837379/hypolipidemic-effect-of-red-gram-cajanus-cajan-l-prebiotic-oligosaccharides-in-wistar-nin-rats
#5
Devindra Shakappa, Aruna Talari, Hemalatha Rajkumar, Mohammed Shujauddin
The hypolipidemic effect of red gram prebiotics of raffinose family oligosaccharides was studied in Wistar National Institute of Nutrition male rat strain. The study consisted of 36 rats randomly divided into three groups of 12 rats each. For 16 weeks, Group I was fed with the control diet; Group II was fed with a diet containing 3% standard raffinose as the reference group; Group III received the diet containing 3% red gram prebiotics. The results showed that the gain in body weight was low in the red gram prebiotics-supplemented group followed by the control group; highest increase of body weight was seen in the raffinose standard-fed group...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820276/attenuation%C3%A2-of-sulfite-induced-testicular-injury-in-rats-by-zingiber-officinale-roscoe
#6
Akbar Afkhami Fathabad, Shahnaz Shekarforoush, Maryam Hoseini, Zahra Ebrahimi
Sulfite salts, including sodium metabisulfte, are widely used as preservatives in foods and pharmaceutical agents. Previous studies suggest that oxidative stress may be an important mediator of testicular injury. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of exposure to sodium metabisulfite by gavage without or with Zingiber officinale (ginger) extract on the rat testes. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, ginger-treated (500 mg/kg/day), sodium metabisulfite- (SMB-) treated (260 mg/kg/day), and SMB + ginger- (SZ-) treated groups...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816560/gastroprotective-and-antiulcer-effects-of-celastrus-paniculatus-seed-oil-against-several-gastric-ulcer-models-in-rats
#7
Suresh Palle, A Kanakalatha, Ch N Kavitha
Peptic ulcer is a recurrent chronic illness and has become almost a hallmark of the so-called civilized life. In folk medicine, the Celastrus paniculatus plant has been used for the prevention and treatment of various diseases and gastrointestinal disturbances, including dyspepsia and stomach ulcers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the gastroprotective and antiulcer effects of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil (CPO) against several gastric ulcer models in rats. The gastroprotective and antiulcer effects of CPO were evaluated using pylorus-ligated ulcer ethanol- and indomethacin-induced ulcers using rantidine (40 mg/kg per os [PO]) as standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816555/chemical-utilization-of-albizia-lebbeck-leaves-for-developing-protein-concentrates-as-a-dietary-supplement
#8
Lutful Haque Khan, V K Varshney
In search of nonconventional sources of protein to combat widespread malnutrition, the possibility of developing a protein concentrate as an alternative dietary supplement from abundantly available yet poorly valorized leaves of Albizia lebbeck (siris) was examined. A process for recovery of leaf protein concentrate (LPC) from these leaves was optimized and applied for isolation of LPCs from lower, middle, and upper canopies of the tree. The optimized conditions (leaves to water 1:9, coagulation at pH 4.0 using 1 N citric acid at 90°C for 11 minutes) afforded LPCs containing protein 37...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816550/a-review-on-biosynthesis-analytical-techniques-and-pharmacological-activities-of-trigonelline-as-a-plant-alkaloid
#9
Neda Mohamadi, Fariba Sharififar, Mostafa Pournamdari, Mehdi Ansari
Trigonelline (TRG) as a polar hydrophilic alkaloid is extracted from many plant species, for example, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Allium sepapea, Coffea sp, Pissum sativum, Glycine max, and Lycopersicon esculentum. Numerous biological activities have been reported for TRG such as protection of heart and liver and treatment of hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, nervous and hormonal disorders, and cancers. Thus, the aim of this review is to summarize some information about TRG's biosynthesis pathway, pharmacological activity, pharmacokinetics, and analytical techniques to introduce TRG as an alternative choice to treat the various diseases...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816548/dietary-supplementation-with-virgin-coconut-oil-improves-lipid-profile-and-hepatic-antioxidant-status-and-has-potential-benefits-on-cardiovascular-risk-indices-in-normal-rats
#10
Ademola C Famurewa, Chima A Ekeleme-Egedigwe, Sophia C Nwali, Ngozi N Agbo, Joy N Obi, Goodness C Ezechukwu
Research findings that suggest beneficial health effects of dietary supplementation with virgin coconut oil (VCO) are limited in the published literature. This study investigated the in vivo effects of a 5-week VCO-supplemented diet on lipid profile, hepatic antioxidant status, hepatorenal function, and cardiovascular risk indices in normal rats. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1 control and 2 treatment groups (10% and 15% VCO-supplemented diets) for 5 weeks. Serum and homogenate samples were used to analyze lipid profile, hepatorenal function markers, hepatic activities of antioxidant enzymes, and malondialdehyde level...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800275/polyphenol-rich-fraction-of-parquetina-nigrescens-mitigates-dichlorvos-induced-cardiorenal-dysfunction-through-reduction-in-cardiac-nitrotyrosine-and-renal-p38-expressions-in-wistar-rats
#11
Ademola A Oyagbemi, Temidayo O Omobowale, Grace O Ochigbo, Ebunoluwa R Asenuga, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Temitayo O Ajibade, Adebowale B Saba, Adeolu A Adedapo
Parquetina nigrescens is commonly used to treat diseases in humans and animals in developing countries, including Nigeria. This study evaluates the effects of its polyphenol-rich fraction (prf) on dichlorvos-induced cardio- and renal toxicity. There were several factors assessed during this study, including cardiac and renal markers, serum myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidase, and electrocardiograph (ECG) changes. The changes in electrocardiograph (ECG) were recorded. Immunohistochemistry of cardiac and renal p38 and nitrotyrosine was determined...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792270/enhancement-of-biochemical-and-nutritional-contents-of-some-cultivated-seaweeds-under-laboratory-conditions
#12
Mona M Ismail, Mostafa El-Sheekh
Six species of macroalgae belonging to the Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta divisions were cultivated in a closed system with Guillard's f/2, Walne's, Provasoli Enriched Seawater (PES) medium, and seawater (control) for 6 weeks. The growth rate and parameters of the tested seaweeds showed that all used media enhanced the growth rate and chemical content as compared with other seaweeds cultivated in seawater without addition of any nutrients. There are significant differences in the effect of the used media on the seaweed composition at p = ...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792254/variability-in-potency-among-commercial-preparations-of-berberine
#13
Ryan S Funk, Rakesh K Singh, Robert D Winefield, Sylvie E Kandel, Janelle F Ruisinger, Patrick M Moriarty, James M Backes
Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid plant extract that is widely available as a dietary supplement in the United States and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Because of its increased use and purported pharmacological properties, potential variations in product quality could pose a barrier to berberine's safety and effectiveness in clinical practice. Thus, this study evaluated the potency of dietary supplements containing berberine available in the U.S...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792252/rosa-damascena-mill-essential-oil-has-protective-effect-against-testicular-damage-in-diabetic-rats
#14
Somayeh Hamedi, Tahoora Shomali, Aliakbar Haghighat
This study investigates the protective effect of Rosa damascena essential oil on diabetes-induced testicular damage in rats. Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 equal groups: Group I: negative control (no treatment); Group II: positive control (diabetic by alloxan injection); Groups III-VI that rendered diabetic and received, respectively, 50, 100, 200, and 400 µg/kg/day rose oil, orally for 28 days. Rose oil did not significantly change body weight and blood glucose level as compared to positive control...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777671/protective-effect-of-azadirachta-indica-and-vitamin-e-against-arsenic-acid-induced-genotoxicity-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#15
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Olumuyiwa Abiola Adejumobi, Ebunoluwa Rachael Asenuga, Funmilola Kehinde Adeniji, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) is one of the major environmental toxicants with severe toxicological consequences in some developing and developed countries. Rats in Group A received normal saline. Genotoxicity and apoptosis were induced by single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg sodium arsenite to rats in Groups B-F. Rats in Groups C and D had earlier been pretreated with Azadirachta indica (100 and 200 mg/kg) or E and F with vitamin E (50 and 100 mg/kg), respectively. Markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, hepatic damage, genotoxicity, and apoptosis were assessed...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759296/potential-role-of-l-arginine-and-vitamin-e-against-bone-loss-induced-by-nano-zinc-oxide-in-rats
#16
Hala M Abdelkarem, Laila H Fadda, Eman M El-Sayed, Omyma K Radwan
The purpose of this study was to illustrate the effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) administration on bone turnover and bone resorbing agents in rats and how L-arginine (L-arg) or vitamin E (vit E) co-administrations might affect them. Fasting rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): G1-normal healthy animals; G2-ZnO-NPs-exposed rats (600 mg/kg(-)1/day(-1)); G3-ZnO-NPs-exposed rats co-administrated L-arg (200 mg/kg(-)1/day(-1)); G4-ZnO-NPs-exposed rats co-administrated vit E (200 mg/kg(-)1/day(-1))...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759290/high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-is-associated-with-a-reduction-in-depression-score-among-adolescent-girls-a-nine-week-follow-up-study
#17
Afsane Bahrami, Seyed Reza Mazloum, Shahrokh Maghsoudi, Davood Soleimani, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Soheil Arekhi, Arsalan Arya, Seyed Jamal Mirmoosavi, Gordon A Ferns, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Although vitamin D deficiency is known to be a risk factor for some psychological disorders, there have been few studies on the effects of vitamin D supplementation on their symptoms. Depression and aggression are common mental disorders and are associated with disability and disease burden. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on depression and aggression scores in adolescent girls. Nine hundred forty adolescent girls received vitamin D3 at a dose of 50,000 IU/week for 9 weeks...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759281/balanced-caloric-restriction-minimizes-changes-caused-by-aging-on-the-colonic-myenteric-plexus
#18
Renata de Britto Mari, Sandra Regina Stabille, Haroldo Garcia de Faria, Joice Naiara Bertaglia Pereira, Juliana Plácido Guimarães, Gabriela Pustiglione Marinsek, Romeu Rodrigues de Souza
Aging can promote significant morphofunctional changes in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Regulation of GIT motility is mainly controlled by the myenteric neurons of the enteric nervous system. Actions that aim at decreasing the aging effects in the GIT include those related to diet, with caloric restriction (CR). The CR is achieved by controlling the amount of food or by manipulating the components of the diet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate different levels of CR on the plasticity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate- (NADPH-) reactive myenteric neurons in the colon of Wistar rats during the aging process using ultrastructural (transmission electron microscopy) and morphoquantitative analysis...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759276/biochemical-and-histopathological-evidence-on-beneficial-effects-of-standardized-extract-from-tragopogon-graminifolius-as-a-dietary-supplement-in-fatty-liver-role-of-oxidative-stress
#19
Atena Sadeghi, Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Fatemeh Farzaei, Zahra Minoosh Siavosh Haghighi, Mohammad Abdollahi
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (FLD) is a worldwide common liver disorder. Tragopogon graminifolius is used as a dietary supplement for liver disorders. This study aimed to assess the beneficial effects of a standardized preparation from T. graminifolius extract (TGE) in animal model of FLD induced by high-fat diet (HFD). The standardization of TGE based on phenolic compounds was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The HFD induced metabolic and hepatic damages. TGE significantly reduced the elevations of serum triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and hepatic enzymes (p =...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718673/ameliorative-effect-of-gallic-acid-in-doxorubicin-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-wistar-rats-through-antioxidant-defense-system
#20
Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Uchechukwu Enwiwe Ajufo, Olumuyima Abiola Adejumobi, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Hepatotoxicity has been found to be one of the main side effects associated with doxorubicin (Dox) administration in cancer therapy. The aim of the present study was to examine the ameliorative effect of gallic acid (GA) in Dox-induced hepatotoxicity. Sixty male Wistar rats of 10 rats per group were used in this study and were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (A-F). Rats in Group A served as the control group and received distilled water orally for 7 days; Group B was given Dox at 15 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally (IP) on Day 8...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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