journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Veterinary Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340590/comparison-of-angle-shape-and-position-of-articular-processes-in-dobermans-and-great-danes-with-and-without-cervical-spondylomyelopathy
#1
Marília de Albuquerque Bonelli, Ronaldo Casimiro da Costa, Paula Martin-Vaquero, Carolina Gonçalves Dias Lima
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM), also known as wobbler syndrome, affects mainly large and giant-breed dogs, causing compression of the cervical spinal cord and/or nerve roots. Structural and dynamic components seem to play a role in the development of CSM; however, pathogenesis is not yet fully understood. Physiologic and pathologic movements of the cervical spine depend on the morphology and morphometry of articular processes, as well as on intervertebral discs and vertebral column ligaments...
March 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335829/comparison-of-nasopharyngeal-and-guttural-pouch-specimens-to-determine-the-optimal-sampling-site-to-detect-streptococcus-equi-subsp-equi-carriers-by-dna-amplification
#2
Ashley G Boyle, Darko Stefanovski, Shelley C Rankin
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of "equine strangles" which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specimen collection, method of sampling, and type of diagnostic test that is performed. We hypothesized i) that a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay that targets the S. equi-specific eqbE gene would be more sensitive than a realtime PCR assay that targets the S. equi-specific seeI gene and ii) that LAMP of specimens obtained by guttural pouch lavage (GPL) would be more sensitive than LAMP of nasopharyngeal specimens to identify S...
March 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335775/evaluation-of-biomarker-canine-prostate-specific-arginine-esterase-cpse-for-the-diagnosis-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#3
Dora Pinheiro, João Machado, Carlos Viegas, Cláudia Baptista, Estela Bastos, Joana Magalhães, Maria A Pires, Luís Cardoso, Ana Martins-Bessa
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common canine prostatic disorder. Although most or even all intact male dogs may develop BPH by 5-8 years of age, many show no clinical signs. Taking into account the non-specific character of clinical and ultrasonographic findings, a new diagnostic approach has recently been proposed based on the augmentation of blood canine prostate-specific arginine esterase (CPSE) in hyperplasic dogs. The aim of the present study was to verify CPSE levels in negative controls and hyperplasic dogs, considering cytological findings as the reference method and taking into account the fact that controls were middle-aged intact dogs (median of 5...
March 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327134/the-effect-of-intra-articular-botulinum-toxin-a-on-substance-p-prostaglandin-e2-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-the-canine-osteoarthritic-joint
#4
Helka M Heikkilä, Anna K Hielm-Björkman, John F Innes, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori
BACKGROUND: Recently, intra-articular botulinum toxin A (IA BoNT A) has been shown to reduce joint pain in osteoarthritic dogs. Similar results have been reported in human patients with arthritis. However, the mechanism of the antinociceptive action of IA BoNT A is currently not known. The aim of this study was to explore this mechanism of action by investigating the effect of IA BoNT A on synovial fluid (SF) and serum substance P (SP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in osteoarthritic dogs...
March 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320401/prevalence-of-tuberculous-lesion-in-cattle-slaughtered-in-mubende-district-uganda
#5
Daniel Pakasi Nalapa, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Francisco Olea-Popelka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gross pathology suggestive of bovine tuberculosis (TB-like lesions) and evaluate animal's characteristics associated with the risk of having bovine TB-like lesions among cattle slaughtered in Mubende district in the Uganda cattle corridor. METHOD: We conducted a cross sectional study in which 1,576 slaughtered cattle in Mubende district municipal abattoir underwent post-mortem inspection between August 2013 and January 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320395/vasoproliferative-process-resembling-pulmonary-capillary-hemangiomatosis-in-a-cat
#6
J A Jaffey, K J Williams, I Masseau, M Krueger, C Reinero
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is a rare, vascular obstructive disorder that uniformly causes pulmonary arterial hypertension. Clinically, pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is indistinguishable from primary pulmonary arterial hypertension and histology is required for definitive diagnosis. The distinctive histologic feature of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is non-malignant extensive proliferation of capillaries in the alveolar septae. Vasodilator treatment of humans with primary arterial hypertension due to pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis can result in fatal acute pulmonary edema...
March 20, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320391/quantification-of-resistant-alleles-in-the-%C3%AE-tubulin-gene-of-field-strains-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-and-their-relation-with-the-faecal-egg-count-reduction-test
#7
Myriam Esteban-Ballesteros, Francisco A Rojo-Vázquez, Philip J Skuce, Lynsey Melville, Camino González-Lanza, María Martínez-Valladares
BACKGROUND: Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is associated with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codons 167, 198 and 200 in the isotype 1 of beta-tubulin gene although in some species these SNPs have also been associated with resistance to macrocyclic lactones. In the present study we compared the levels of resistance in Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis by means of the faecal egg reduction test (FECRT) and the percentage of resistant alleles obtained after pyrosequencing...
March 20, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302120/responsiveness-of-cats-felidae-to-silver-vine-actinidia-polygama-tatarian-honeysuckle-lonicera-tatarica-valerian-valeriana-officinalis-and-catnip-nepeta-cataria
#8
Sebastiaan Bol, Jana Caspers, Lauren Buckingham, Gail Denise Anderson-Shelton, Carrie Ridgway, C A Tony Buffington, Stefan Schulz, Evelien M Bunnik
BACKGROUND: Olfactory stimulation is an often overlooked method of environmental enrichment for cats in captivity. The best known example of olfactory enrichment is the use of catnip, a plant that can cause an apparently euphoric reaction in domestic cats and most of the Pantherinae. It has long been known that some domestic cats and most tigers do not respond to catnip. Although many anecdotes exist of other plants with similar effects, data are lacking about the number of cats that respond to these plants, and if cats that do not respond to catnip respond to any of them...
March 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274243/presence-of-coxiella-burnetii-dna-in-inflamed-bovine-cardiac-valves
#9
Jørgen S Agerholm, Tim K Jensen, Jens F Agger, Marc Y Engelsma, Hendrik I J Roest
BACKGROUND: Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in cattle is a common post-mortem finding in abattoirs and studies have identified Trueperella pyogenes as a major cause. Despite exposure of cattle to C. burnetii, the significance of this particular bacterium for development and progression of endocarditis has not been studied in detail...
March 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270140/the-magnitude-of-muscular-activation-of-four-canine-forelimb-muscles-in-dogs-performing-two-agility-specific-tasks
#10
Kimberley L Cullen, James P Dickey, Stephen H M Brown, Stephanie G Nykamp, Leah R Bent, Jeffrey J Thomason, Noël M M Moens
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the muscular activation in four forelimb muscles while dogs performed agility tasks (i.e., jumping and A-frame) and to provide insight into potential relationships between level of muscular activation and risk of injury. Muscle activation in eight healthy, client-owned agility dogs was measured using ultrasound-guided fine-wire electromyography of four specific forelimb muscles: Biceps Brachii, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, and Triceps Brachii - Long Head, while dogs performed a two jump sequence and while dogs ascended and descended an A-frame obstacle at two different competition heights...
March 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259139/infectious-keratoconjunctivitis-in-wild-caprinae-merging-field-observations-and-molecular-analyses-sheds-light-on-factors-shaping-outbreak-dynamics
#11
Giuseppina Gelormini, Dominique Gauthier, Edy M Vilei, Jean-Paul Crampe, Joachim Frey, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
BACKGROUND: Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is an ocular infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae which affects small domestic and wild mountain ruminants. Domestic sheep maintain the pathogen but the detection of healthy carriers in wildlife has raised the question as to whether M. conjunctivae may also persist in the wild. Furthermore, the factors shaping the dynamics of IKC outbreaks in wildlife have remained largely unknown. The aims of this study were (1) to verify the etiological role of M...
March 4, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249582/characteristics-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-fecal-samples-of-piglets-with-diarrhea-in-central-and-southern-taiwan-in-2015
#12
Wan-Chen Lee, Kuang-Sheng Yeh
BACKGROUND: The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL-producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medicine. ESBL-producing bacteria have emerged in livestock in recent years, which may raise concerns regarding possible transfer of such bacteria through the food chain. The swine industry is important in Taiwan, but investigations regarding the status of ESBL in swine are limited...
March 1, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245826/host-pathogen-interplay-at-primary-infection-sites-in-pigs-challenged-with-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae
#13
Elena L Sassu, Janna Frömbling, J Catharina Duvigneau, Ingrid Miller, Andrea Müllebner, Ana M Gutiérrez, Tom Grunert, Martina Patzl, Armin Saalmüller, Alexandra von Altrock, Anne Menzel, Martin Ganter, Joachim Spergser, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Jutta Verspohl, Monika Ehling-Schulz, Isabel Hennig-Pauka
BACKGROUND: Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia and causes significant losses in the pig industry worldwide. Early host immune response is crucial for further progression of the disease. A. pleuropneumoniae is either rapidly eliminated by the immune system or switches to a long-term persistent form. To gain insight into the host-pathogen interaction during the early stages of infection, pigs were inoculated intratracheally with A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 and humanely euthanized eight hours after infection...
February 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245817/raw-meat-based-diet-influences-faecal-microbiome-and-end-products-of-fermentation-in-healthy-dogs
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Misa Sandri, Simeone Dal Monego, Giuseppe Conte, Sandy Sgorlon, Bruno Stefanon
BACKGROUND: Dietary intervention studies are required to deeper understand the variability of gut microbial ecosystem in healthy dogs under different feeding conditions and to improve diet formulations. The aim of the study was to investigate in dogs the influence of a raw based diet supplemented with vegetable foods on faecal microbiome in comparison with extruded food. METHODS: Eight healthy adult Boxer dogs were recruited and randomly divided in two experimental blocks of 4 individuals...
February 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241874/restored-vision-in-a-young-dog-following-corticosteroid-treatment-of-presumptive-hypophysitis
#15
Nina Marie Rzechorzek, Tiziana Liuti, Catherine Stalin, Katia Marioni-Henry
BACKGROUND: Hypophysitis is an umbrella term for a group of disorders involving inflammation of the pituitary gland. A rare occurrence in humans, hypophysitis can produce a range of clinical signs including (but not limited to) visual deficits and diabetes insipidus. Only five cases of canine hypophysitis exist in the literature, all presenting in mature dogs with no visual deficits and a grave outcome. This case report describes the clinical and advanced imaging features of blindness-inducing presumptive hypophysitis in a dog, which rapidly resolved with medical management...
February 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235414/behaviour-of-adipose-derived-canine-mesenchymal-stem-cells-after-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-labelling-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Malgorzata Anna Kolecka, Stefan Arnhold, Martin Schmidt, Christine Reich, Martin Kramer, Klaus Failing, Kerstin von Pückler
BACKGROUND: Therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been reported to provide beneficial effects in the treatment of neurological and orthopaedic disorders in dogs. The exact mechanism of action is poorly understood. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gives the opportunity to observe MSCs after clinical administration. To visualise MSCs with the help of MRI, labelling with an MRI contrast agent is necessary. However, it must be clarified whether there is any negative influence on cell function and viability after labelling prior to clinical administration...
February 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222789/is-ccnu-lomustine-valuable-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-epitheliotropic-lymphoma-in-dogs-a-critically-appraised-topic
#17
REVIEW
Aurore Laprais, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: CCNU and other treatment protocols are commonly offered to owners for the treatment of dogs diagnosed with cutaneous (epitheliotropic) T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Chemotherapy protocols provide variable benefits; they have different side-effects, and they typically require monitoring to detect drug toxicity at a non-negligible cost to the owner. At this time, even though CCNU is most often recommended to treat dogs with CTCL, there is no clear consensus on the benefit of this drug...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222788/antimicrobial-resistance-and-genomic-rep-pcr-fingerprints-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strains-from-animals-on-the-background-of-the-global-population-structure
#18
Isa Serrano, Manuela Oliveira, José Pedro Santos, Florence Bilocq, Alexandre Leitão, Luis Tavares, Jean-Paul Pirnay, Daniel De Vos
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important human opportunistic pathogen responsible for fatal nosocomial infections worldwide, and has emerged as a relevant animal pathogen. Treatment options are dramatically decreasing, due to antimicrobial resistance and the microorganism's large versatile genome. Antimicrobial resistance profiles, serotype frequency and genomic profile of unrelated P. aeruginosa isolates of veterinary origin (n = 73), including domesticated, farm, zoo and wild animals mainly from Portugal were studied...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222773/nitric-oxide-generating-compound-gsno-suppresses-porcine-circovirus-type-2-infection-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Chuanmin Liu, Libin Wen, Qi Xiao, Kongwang He
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO), an important signaling molecule with biological functions, has antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogens including viruses. To our knowledge, little information is available about the regulatory effect of NO on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection. This study was conducted to investigate the antiviral activity of NO generated from S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), during PCV2 infection of PK-15 cells and BALB/c mice. RESULTS: GSNO released considerable NO in the culture medium of PK-15 cells, and NO was scavenged by its scavenger hemoglobin (Hb) in a dose-dependent manner...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222732/refinement-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-sodium-pentobarbital-for-euthanasia-in-laboratory-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#20
Katie K Zatroch, Cameron G Knight, Julie N Reimer, Daniel S J Pang
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Council on Animal Care and American Veterinary Medical Association classify intraperitoneal (IP) pentobarbital as an acceptable euthanasia method in rats. However, national guidelines do not exist for a recommended dose or volume and IP euthanasia has been described as unreliable, with misinjections leading to variable success in ensuring a timely death. The aims of this study were to assess and improve efficacy and consistency of IP euthanasia. In a randomized, blinded study, 51 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats (170-495 g) received one of four treatments: low-dose low-volume (LL) IP pentobarbital (n = 13, 200 mg/kg pentobarbital), low-dose high-volume (LH) IP pentobarbital (n = 14, 200 mg/kg diluted 1:3 with phosphate buffered saline), high-dose high-volume (HH, n = 14, 800 mg/kg pentobarbital), or saline...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
journal
journal
41085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"