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Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169248/21-cases-reports-on-haemangioma-of-spleen
#1
LETTER
Yuan Huang, Guangchuan Mu, Xingan Qin, Jinling Lin, Shaosen Li, Yanjun Zeng
The growing activity of hemangioma of spleen keeps unknown. To search theoretical basis for whether to take the operation, this study analyzed clinical data of 21 hemangioma patients, and 16 surgical specimens were analyzed immunohistochemistry of Ki-67, Bcl-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both 14 cases of cavernous hemangioma were positive for VEGF, and negative in capillary hemangioma, there was statistical significant difference between two types of hemangioma (P < 0.05). The most tumors had a low expression of Ki-67 with a mean ± standard deviation (SD) of 6...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169247/a-case-of-unilateral-atypical-orofacial-pain-with-eagle-s-syndrome
#2
LETTER
G V Sowmya, Mohit Pal Singh, B S Manjunatha, Prashant Nahar, Madhusudan Astekar
Eagle's syndrome is not an uncommon condition, but less known to physicians, where an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament compresses the adjacent anatomical structures leading to orofacial pain. Diagnosis is made with appropriate radiological examination. Nonsurgical treatment options include reassurance, analgesia, and anti.inflammatory medications; and the surgical option includes a transoral or external approach. Here, we present a case report of a male patient, of age38 years, with a chief complaint of unilateral atypical orofacial pain on the right side of his face radiating to the neck region, for the last two months...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169246/the-diagnosis-of-mesenteric-fibromatosis-a-90-month-five-patients-case-report
#3
LETTER
Peixin Li, Zhongtao Zhang, Shengqi Qin, Jianshe Li
Mesenteric fibromatosis (MF) is a rare tumor (2-4 cases per 1 million people annually) with few presented features. In this case study, we reported five MF patients, one of whom suffered a recurrence. Patients received renogram, colonoscopy, cystoscopy, and gastrointestinal examinations. Histology and immunohistochemistry evaluations were performed after the surgical resection. Hormone levels were measured before and after the surgery. It was found that clinical imaging readily confirmed an abnormal mass but was unable to distinguish MF from other tumors...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169245/evaluation-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-gene-expression-in-colorectal-cancer-stages-of-iranian-patients
#4
Reyhaneh Nassiri Mansour, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Koorosh Fooladsaz, Mojtaba Fathi, Shahla Moahammad Ganji
AIM OF STUDY: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most prevalent cancer globally. Several factors have roles in cancer establishment. One of the most important factors is hypoxia that induces hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). The HIF-1 alpha overexpressed in hypoxia conditions and plays a pivotal role in carcinogenesis features. In this study, we aimed to examine the efficiency of HIF-1 alpha gene expression at mRNA and protein's level for CRC diagnosing and staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the cases included into 75 cancer specimens in different stages (Group 2 = Stage 1, Group 3 = Stage 2, and Group 4 = Stage 3, 4) and ten normal specimens as control (Group 1)...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169244/expression-of-metallothionein-in-dimethylhydrazine-induced-colonic-precancerous-and-cancerous-model-in-rat
#5
Pamela Christudoss, Geeta Chacko, Ratnasamy Selvakumar, Jude Joseph Fleming, Srinivasan Pugazhendhi, George Mathew
AIM: Metallothionein (MT) is a small protein with a high affinity for divalent heavy metals and has a function in zinc homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to assess the MT mRNA gene expression as well as the MT protein content by immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay (RIA) in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced precancerous and cancerous colonic tissue in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-week-old rats were given subcutaneous injections of DMH twice a week for 3 months and sacrificed at 4 months (precancerous model) and 6 months (cancerous model)...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169243/efficacy-of-compound-kushen-injection-plus-radiotherapy-on-nonsmall-cell-lungcancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Shanshan Wang, Xiaobo Lian, Miaomiao Sun, Lei Luo, Lizhong Guo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits of compound Kushen injection (CKI) combined with radiotherapy for nonsmall cell lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched nine electronic databases and six gray literature databases comprehensively until June 2015. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the included trials according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The risk of bias tool from the Cochrane Handbook version 5.1.0, the Review Manager 5.3 software was employed for data analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169242/increased-expression-of-high-mobility-group-a2-a-novel-independent-indicator-of-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Rongna Wei, Zhiqun Shang, Jing Leng, Lihong Cui
PURPOSE: Although high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2) protein has been reported to participate in cancer progression and metastasis, its clinical relationship with tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical and prognostic significance of HMGA2 in ESCC patients after curative resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of HMGA2 protein was evaluated by using immunohistochemistry in a tissue microarray (TMA) containing ESCC lesions and adjacent normal esophageal epithelial tissues from 96 patients who had undergone curative resection...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169241/enhanced-cytotoxic-activity-of-endophytic-bacterial-extracts-from-adhatoda-beddomei-leaves-in-a549-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#8
Y Swarnalatha, Bhaswti Saha
AIM OF THE STUDY: The current study is aimed to isolate and study the efficacy of the anticancer activity of endophytic bacteria from adhatoda beddomei leaves. Endophytic bacteria, microorganisms can found in the plant tissues, like leaves, branches and roots and able to produce various novel secondary metabolites for the medicinal applications. METHODOLOGY: Endophytic bacteria were isolated from the leaves of the adhatoda beddomei leaves. The extract from the culture was tested for the cytotoxicity in A549 cell lines using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)assay, dual staining and nuclear staining...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169240/synergistic-induction-of-apoptosis-in-b-cell-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cells-after-treatment-with-all-trans-retinoic-acid-in-combination-with-interleukin-21-and-rituximab
#9
Kazem Abbaszadeh-Goudarzi, Fazel Shokri, Mostafa Hosseini, Farhad Jadidi-Niaragh, Ghasem Ghalamfarsa, Ali Akbar Saboor-Yaraghi
AIM: B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common adult leukemia in the Western world and characterized by the progressive expansion of malignant B lymphocytes in peripheral blood. In spite of advances in sciences to recognize the number of effective agents for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), this leukemia is thought as incurable one. Introducing a new therapy that has a direct effect on B-CLL lymphocytes and no cytotoxic effects on the other cells is a great wish...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169239/modified-mismatch-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-detected-mutations-in-codon-12-and-13-of-exon-2-of-k-ras-gene-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-and-its-association-with-liver-metastases-data-from-a-south-asian-country
#10
Fathima Dhilhani Mohamed Faleel, M I M De Zoysa, M D S Lokuhetti, Y I N S Gunawardena, Vishvanath Naduviladath Chandrasekharan, Ranil Samantha Dassanayake
AIM: Mutations in K-ras codon 12 and 13 of exon 2 are known to affect prognosis and impart resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor monoclonal antibody therapy in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Our aim was to investigate the utility value of modified mismatch polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay to detect mutation in K-ras codons of CRC patients and to relate the mutational status to liver metastasis. METHODOLOGY: Mismatch PCR-RFLP was developed to detect K-ras mutations in DNA isolated from paraffinized tumor tissue of thirty CRC patients...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169238/evaluating-the-effects-of-ellagic-acid-on-pstat3-pakt-and-perk1-2-signaling-pathways-in-prostate-cancer-pc3-cells
#11
Elaheh Eskandari, Esfandiar Heidarian, Sayed Asadollah Amini, Javad Saffari-Chaleshtori
OBJECTIVE: One of the most common malignancies among men is prostate cancer. Ellagic acid (EA), a polyphenol antioxidant, has many pharmacological actions, especially anticancer effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of EA treatment on interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene expression, cell viability, IL-6 secretion, phosphorylated STAT3, ERK, and AKT cellular signaling proteins in human prostate cancer cells (PC3). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxic effects of the EA (0-100 µM) on PC3 cells were determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169237/-z-3-4-3-5-tetramethoxystilbene-a-natural-product-induces-apoptosis-and-reduces-viability-of-paclitaxel-and-cisplatin-resistant-osteosarcoma-cells
#12
Huiqing Xu
AIM OF STUDY: Osteosarcoma is a common bone tumor and the development of drug resistance in therapy of osteosarcoma is a general rule. The natural compounds isolated from medicinal plants represent a valuable resource for anticancer therapeutics. (Z)-3,4,3', '-tetramethoxystilbene is one of them. In this work, we investigated the potential anti-cancer activities of (Z)-3,4,3' ,'5-tetramethoxystilbene in paclitaxel- and cisplatin-resistant osteosarcoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ATP assay was used to examine cell viability...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169236/the-clinical-and-pathological-features-affecting-the-time-of-relapse-in-patients-with-early-stage-colorectal-cancer
#13
Doğan Yazilitas, Nuriye Özdemir, Ozan Yazıcı, Cemil Hocazade, Nebi Serkan Demirci, Nurullah Zengin
BACKGROUND: The relapses of colorectal cancer (CRC) frequently occur in 2 years period after the time of diagnosis. However, a considerable proportion of patients relapse in the late period. AIM: The aim of the present study is to define the factors predicting the early and late relapses of patients with early stage CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 patients with CRC, who relapsed after completion of primary therapy between 2005 and 2014, were enrolled in the study...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169235/prediction-of-heterogeneity-in-breast-cancer-immunophenotype-at-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-stage
#14
Manish Rohilla, Amanjit Bal, Gurpreet Singh, Kusum Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is considered a heterogeneous lesion at the molecular level. However, there is a paucity of literature about the existence of molecular subtypes in DCIS which can predict their biological behavior at the preinvasive stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Precise prevalence of molecular subtypes of pure DCIS and DCIS component of infiltrating duct carcinoma (IDC) was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and correlated with known prognostic factors...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169234/salvage-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-recurrent-glioblastoma-multiforme-with-prior-radiation-therapy
#15
Douglas E Holt, Mark E Bernard, Kimmen Quan, David A Clump, Johnathan A Engh, Steven A Burton, Dwight E Heron
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) carries a poor prognosis with high recurrence rates. Salvage stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be an effective treatment option. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 34 patients (41 lesions) treated with salvage SRS for recurrent GBM between 2004 and 2012. Initial surgical treatments were gross total resection (58%), subtotal resection (STR) (24%), and biopsy (18%). All patients were treated with prior radiation therapy...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169233/prophylactic-role-of-some-plants-and-phytochemicals-against-radio-genotoxicity-in-human-lymphocytes
#16
REVIEW
Mohsen Cheki, Ehsan Mihandoost, Alireza Shirazi, Aziz Mahmoudzadeh
Genotoxicity in lymphocytes of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy can lead to lymphocytopenia. Lymphocytopenia induced by radiotherapy is one of the most unfavorable prognostic biological markers in cancer patients, since it has been accepted to be associated with poor prognosis in terms of both survival time and response to cancer therapy. Therefore, reduction in lymphocytopenia may increase treatment efficiency. Research endeavors with synthetic radioprotectors in the past have met with little success primarily due to toxicity-related problems...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169232/membrane-bound-versus-soluble-major-histocompatibility-complex-class-i-related-chain-a-and-major-histocompatibility-complex-class-i-related-chain-b-differential-expression-mechanisms-of-tumor-eradication-versus-evasion-and-current-drug-development-strategies
#17
REVIEW
P K Suresh
Major histocompatibility complex Class I-related chain A/chain B (MICA/MICB) is stress-inducible, highly polymorphic ligands whose expression at the transcript level has been detected in all tissues except the central nervous system. However, their restricted protein expression is due to their regulation at the posttranslational level. Its levels are elevated in virally infected and neoplastically transformed cells. Membrane expression of this NKG2DL marks the aberrant cells for elimination by those immune effector cells that express the cognate NKG2D receptor...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169231/palbociclib-a-new-hope-in-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#18
REVIEW
R Priyadharsini Palanisamy
Breast cancer being one of the common cancers has high morbidity and mortality. Despite the conventional treatment, the burden of the disease increases year after year. There is a need for newer drugs that target the different mechanisms in the pathogenesis. The interaction of cyclins with cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs) plays a major role in the abnormal cell cycle in cancer and it is considered to be an important target. Palbociclib is a CDK inhibitor currently approved for the treatment of breast cancer...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169230/adjuvant-treatment-for-stage-i-seminoma-why-radiotherapy-is-better-than-carboplatin
#19
REVIEW
Prahlad H Yathiraj, Krishna Sharan, Donald J Fernandes, M S Vidyasagar
Adjuvant treatment options for Stage I seminoma include active surveillance, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Active surveillance may not be ideal for the average Indian patient. Of the two accepted adjuvant therapy options, namely single-dose carboplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy to the retroperitoneal nodes, though it intuitively appears more appealing, a deeper review reveals the potential drawbacks of chemotherapy. This article highlights the misconceptions regarding carboplatin and provides reasons for an argument why radiotherapy is better when a patient with Stage I seminoma chooses to undergo adjuvant treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169229/one-last-time
#20
EDITORIAL
Nagraj Huilgol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
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