Read by QxMD icon Read

Néphrologie & Thérapeutique

Pablo Antonio Ureña-Torres, Mario Cozzolino, Jordi Bover
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the most frequent and deleterious complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is also one of the principal components of the now called CKD-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) syndrome. It is usually prevented and treated by vitamin D derivatives. However, the rationale for the prescription of vitamin D sterols in those patients is still a matter of hotly debates, mainly because of unsatisfactory results from numerous observational and not well-controlled studies...
March 12, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Alexandre Karras
Cryoglobulins are immunoglobulins that undergo reversible precipitation at low temperatures. They can induce systemic vasculitis, characterized by purpuric cutaneous lesions, arthritis, peripheral neuropathy, hypocomplementemia and glomerular disease. Renal pathology reveals membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, with particularly intense mesangial cell proliferation and infiltration by macrophages, associated with intracapillary thrombi. This renal disease presents as a nephritic syndrome, with heavy proteinuria, haematuria severe hypertension and rapidly progressive kidney failure that can lead to end-stage renal disease...
March 12, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Hassan Izzedine
Drug-induced nephrotoxicity (DIN) remains a current problem with economic and medical consequences. It affects all nephron segments. Recovery of renal function is based on the identification of risk factors, early diagnosis of renal disease, rapid (if possible) cessation of the causative agent and, in some cases, adjunctive therapy. Prevention is based on identification of early markers of DIN, correction of risk factors, initial assessment of renal function for adequate dosage adjustment and exclusion of other nephrotoxic factors...
March 11, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Thierry Krummel, Nicolas Keller, Éric Prinz, Thierry Hannedouche
High blood pressure during renal disease is highly prevalent and an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and renal progression. Its optimal management is therefore necessary to improve the prognosis of patients. Several trials concerning the blood pressure target in patients with chronic non-diabetic kidney disease have been published in recent years, we will detail them in this article in order to determine which blood pressure target provides the best benefit in terms of progression of renal diseases and cardiovascular prevention...
March 1, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Christopher Loens, Sabine Amet, Corinne Isnard-Bagnis, Gilbert Deray, Jérôme Tourret
The remarkable improvement of the outcome of HIV infection came with the price of substantial toxicity of some antiretrovirals. The first molecules used to treat HIV included an important nephrotoxicity. Zalcitabine, stavudine and didanosine can induce severe lactic acidosis. Lactate production is enhanced and the renal capacity to regulate pH is overwhelmed. However, this side effect is not due to a direct dysfunction of the kidneys. Zalcitabine was withdrawn from the market because of this risk. Indinavir, a protease inhibitor, is soluble only in very acidic solutions...
February 27, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Fabienne Flamme-Obry, Stéphanie Belaiche, Marc Hazzan, Nassima Ramdan, Christian Noël, Pascal Odou, Bertrand Décaudin
INTRODUCTION: Drug related problems (DRP) can lead to severe consequences in kidney recipients. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the clinical pharmacist interventions on the incidence of DRP. METHOD: The number of DRP were evaluated according to 3periods: Without intervention, with medication reconciliation at admission, and with medication reconciliation at admission associated with an interview with the clinical pharmacist at discharge. RESULTS: Patients concerned were mainly men, 55years old (median age), stage3 of CKD, transplanted for less than 3months or more than 1year, with cardiovascular risk factors and receiving an average of 9drugs/day...
February 21, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Jacqueline Deloumeaux, Gaël Samut, Devi Rochemont, Henri Merault, Roger Dufresne, Valérie Galantine, Yannick Tirolien, Catherine Léonardi, Antoine Adenis, Jessica Peruvien, Mathieu Nacher, Jean-Marc Gabriel
End stage renal disease is a major public health problem in the French Departments of Guadeloupe and Guiana because of the high prevalence of both type 2 diabetes and hypertension. We investigated factors associated with an emergency start of dialysis, 3 months' quality of life for patients starting a first replacement therapy in Guadeloupe and French Guiana using the data of the Réseau épidémiologie et information en néphrologie network, completed with data from the quality of life questionnaires SF-36 and KDQoL...
February 21, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Philippe Tuppin, Antoine Bessou, Camille Legeai, Cécile Vigneau, Cécile Couchoud
The objective of this study was to describe the management of patients undergoing renal transplantation in 2013 and over the following two years on the basis of healthcare consumption data. The National Health Insurance Information System was used to identify 1876 general scheme beneficiaries undergoing a first isolated renal transplantation (median age: 53 years; men 63%). Overall, 1.2% of patients died during the transplantation hospital stay (>65 years 3.3%) and 87% of patients had a functional graft at 2 years...
February 21, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Cherif Dial, Kwame Doh, Ibou Thiam, Mariam Faye, Gisèle Woto-Gaye
INTRODUCTION: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an exceptional cause of acute renal failure (ARF). The origin of the tumor clone may be lymphoid follicles secondary to renal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. With the presentation of this clinical case, the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and evolution of this extremely rare affection will be discussed. OBSERVATION: A 4-year-old patient with a recent history of acute osteomyelitis of the right thigh presented an ARF without indications of post-infectious glomerulonephritis...
February 5, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Monlet Cy Guei, Kouamé Hubert Yao, Delphine Amelie Lagou, Pessa Nawo Albert Coulibaly, Amidou Sawadogo, Mohamed Ibrahim Alex Moudachirou, Weu Melanie Tia, Serge Didier Konan, Sery Diopoh, Ibrahim Cherif, Kan Clément Ackoundou-N'Guessan, Dazé Appolinaire Gnionsahe
Purple urine-bag syndrome is a rare condition that occurs in patients with indwelling urinary catheters carried over a long period and frequently associated with a urinary tract infection. It is characterized by the appearance of a violet coloration of the probe and/or the urine collection bag. We report the first case in West Africa that occurred in a 47-year-old woman in uremic encephalopathy and carrier of a urinary catheter, which presented a violet color of the tubing and urine-bag associated with a urinary tract infection...
February 4, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Imen Mezni, Pierre Galichon, Mohammed Mongi Bacha, Yi-Chun Xu-Dubois, Imen Sfar, David Buob, Sabrina Benbouzid, Rim Goucha, Yousr Gorgi, Ezzedine Abderrahim, Mondher Ounissi, Karine Dahan, Nacera Ouali, Alexandre Hertig, Isabelle Brocheriou, Aly Raies, Taieb Ben Abdallah, Éric Rondeau
Renal allograft loss is most often a chronic process, irrespective of the mechanism at stake. In this prospective study, we studied the expression of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers vimentin and β-catenin by immunohistochemistry in the surveillance biopsy and measured the mRNA encoding vimentin (VIM), CD45, GAPDH and uroplakin 1a (UPK) by quantitative PCR in urinary cells in 75 renal transplant patients. The aim is to establish a simple screening test for chronic renal allograft dysfunction...
January 8, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Moumouni Garba, Zeinabou Maiga Moussa Tondi, Hassan Diongoule, Samaila Aboubacar, Abdou Ide, Nadège Ruddy Biyao-Nelson, Illiassou Soumaila, Soumana Alido
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia is the most common hereditary hemopathy in the world. It is a disease that attacks all the systems of the organism. The kidneys are among the most sensitive organs of this disease. The main objective of this study is to detect sickle cell nephropathy in patients followed at the National Reference Center for Sickle Cell Disease in Niamey. METHODS: It is a prospective study carried out over a period of one year (January to December 2016)...
January 5, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Valérie Olivier, Catherine Dunyach-Remy, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Olivier Moranne
Micro-inflammation has been recognized as a major factor associated with the poor prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease. Those patients have an increased rate of pro-inflammatory markers like interleukin 6, C-Reactive protein, Tumor Necrosis Factor α and fibrinogen. Among multiple and complex causes of micro-inflammation the gut microbiota could be an important actor considering the dysbiosis in chronic kidney disease which would enhance the synthesis of uremic toxins with cardiovascular toxicity and the bacterial translocation...
December 30, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Jérémy Zaworski, Marie Frimat, Marion Duval, Camille Saint-Jacques, Élise Bouderlique, François Glowacki, Christian Noël, Marc Hazzan, François Provôt
We report a case of a 43 years old man who was intoxicated by a 25g vancomycin overload. An anuric acute renal failure rapidly occured. The vancomycinemia was measured as high as 360mg/L (normal range: 15-35mg/L). We started an intermittent hemodialysis program to clear out the vancomycin. The vancomycinemia decreased below the treshold of our laboratory after the eighth session. Three supplementary sessions were needed because of a persistant oliguria. The kidney function slowly improved and was back to normal (seric creatinin: 80micromol/L) 3 weeks after the patient had gone home...
December 30, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Benjamin Savenkoff, Fleuria Flechon-Meibody, Éric Goffin
Icodextrin is a glucose polymer derived from starch that is used as an osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis. Its high molecular weight limits blood absorption and is useful for long dwell since there is few osmotic gradient dispersal. Its benefits are numerous: ltrafiltration optimization and better salt and water control especially in anuric patients with a high peritoneal permeability and also in case of infectious peritonitis, glucose sparing with less metabolic complications and a better preservation of peritoneal membrane, better biocompatibility...
December 29, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Yves Dimitrov, Thierry Hannedouche, François Chantrel, Julien Ott, Marc Kribs, Alexandre Klein, Olivier Imhoff, Thierry Krummel
The relationship between specialist physician and primary care physician (PCP) has been poorly evaluated in France. We have studied the application of a specialist's recommendation by the PCP. Vaccination against hepatitis B in patients with chronic renal failure was the follow-up marker. After consultation, the nephrologist wrote in his report to the PCP that the vaccination was recommended. At the next nephrological consultation, the patient was asked if the PCP had proposed vaccination. The clinical, biological characteristics and history of the patients were recorded as well as number and location of the PCP consultations...
December 29, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Thomas Deffontis, Roland Kintega, Martin Jannot, Philippe Nicoud, William Hanf
Buerger's disease or thombo-angiitis obliterans disease is a small vessel's vasculitis, frequently observed in young and smoker's males. Diagnosis is based on both clinical and radiological arguments. There is no specific treatment designed for this disease. We report the case of 43 years old patient presenting with an acute kidney injury associated with Buerger's disease. We reviewed the different case of kidney disease in this rare disease.
December 29, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Pascaline M Alix, Amélie Belloi, Émilie Berthoux, Frédérique Dijoud, Emmanuel Villar, Caroline Pariset
Goodpasture's syndrome is a triad of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) circulating antibodies, glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage. We reported a 65-year-old woman with headaches, asthenia and weight loss. Giant cell arteritis was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy. The patient had associated renal condition with moderate acute renal failure, proteinuria and haematuria. Renal biopsy showed extracapillary glomerulonephritis and linear staining of immunoglobulins G along glomerular basement membrane...
December 28, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Philippe Chauveau, Catherine Lasseur, Céline Nodimar, Mathilde Prezelin-Reydit, Stanislas Trolonge, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The acid production of endogenous origin depends mainly on the metabolism of the food and varies with the nature of these. Of the order of 1mEq/kg/day for contemporary food in industrialized countries, it is reduced by more than one third among vegetarians and close to neutrality among vegans. The dietary acid load is eliminated by the normal kidneys, thus maintaining the acid-base equilibrium. In the setting of CKD, it will overflow the capacities of the nephrons, generating a retention of H+ ions, promoting subclinical acidosis...
December 27, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Lisa Belaid, Sahar Bayat-Makoei, Brigitte Laguerre, Cécile Vigneau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to measure the monitoring and the incidence of renovascular effects of angiogenesis inhibitors in real population. METHOD: Are included in this descriptive, monocentric, practical study, patients of 18 years old and more, orally treated by angiogenesis inhibitors and monitored in consultation by clinician nurses. The main interest variable is the incidence of hypertension at three months of treatment. RESULTS: From January, 2011 to July, 2014, 324 patients have been included, whose 53% are men...
December 26, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"