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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676209/the-mediating-role-of-integration-of-safety-by-activity-versus-operator-between-organizational-culture-and-safety-climate
#1
Laurent Auzoult, Bernard Gangloff
In this study, we analyse the impact of the organizational culture and introduce a new variable, the integration of safety, which relates to the modalities for the implementation and adoption of safety in the work process, either through the activity or by the operator. One hundred and eighty employees replied to a questionnaire measuring the organizational climate, the safety climate and the integration of safety. We expected that implementation centred on the activity or on the operator would mediate the relationship between the organizational culture and the safety climate...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671372/seating-position-and-patterns-of-severely-injured-body-parts-among-child-passengers-in-motor-vehicle-crashes-japan-as-a-distinct-case
#2
Hiroki Takahashi, Takashi Fujita, Shinji Nakahara, Tetsuya Sakamoto
This study describes injury patterns and outcomes related to the seating position of child passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes in Japan. Using data obtained from a national trauma registry database, we compared the occurrence of injuries by body parts, length of hospital stay and in-hospital deaths between front-seating and rear-seating among children. We analysed 166 children aged 0-5 years and 205 children aged 6-12 years. No significant differences were observed between front- and rear-seating for injured body parts, length of hospital stay or in-hospital deaths in the 0-5-year-old victims...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629618/text-document-clustering-based-cause-and-effect-analysis-methodology-for-steel-plant-incident-data
#3
A Verma, J Maiti
The purpose of this study is to develop a text clustering-based cause and effect analysis methodology for incident data to unfold the root causes behind the incidents. A cause-effect diagram is usually prepared by using experts' knowledge which may fail to capture all the causes present at a workplace. On the other hand, the description of incidents provided by the workers in the form of incident reports is typically a rich data source and can be utilized to explore the causes and sub-causes of incidents. In this study, data were collected from an integrated steel plant...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629611/a-safe-speed-guidance-model-for-highways
#4
Renato De Mello, Renato Davi Chiodi
This paper presents a fuzzy logic model to support decisions for the suggested speed limit for sections of highways as they become affected by adverse road conditions, environmental factors and differing traffic levels. The definition of the main factors, and their weight, that reduce safety on highways was conducted by the Delphi method, consulting traffic engineering experts. The survey served as a basis for structuring indicators and indexes in a soft decision tree, structured by a fuzzy logic system. The system can be used to support the decisions of those that manage the roads, indicating to drivers' speeds, by visual, audible or combined systems...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616877/promoting-youth-occupant-restraint-based-on-need
#5
Kimberly Vachal
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for youth. Appropriate occupant protection significantly reduces these preventable injuries. Secondary field observation survey records were studied to identify populations that would most likely benefit from youth occupant protection programs. Multivariate regression analysis showed that drivers of youth between 4 and 14 years were in need of programs promoting youth and driver occupant restraint use. When these drivers were using seat belts, it was 35 times more likely they had youth occupants in safety restraints...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616875/injury-control-using-novel-analytic-methods-to-enhance-advocacy-and-policy-response
#6
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616873/identifying-the-factors-behind-fatal-and-non-fatal-road-crashes-a-case-study-of-lahore-pakistan
#7
Irem Batool, Ghulam Hussain, Noreen Kanwal, Muhammad Abid
The study identifies the factors behind fatal and non-fatal road crashes in Lahore, Pakistan, by investigating 461 reported cases to Traffic Police Lahore that occurred during January-November 2014. Road crashes are categorized into fatal and non-fatal crashes and, because of the binary nature of the dependent variable, logistic regression is used to identify the factors behind these crashes. As a follow-up, discriminant analysis is employed to classify the factors related to fatal and non-fatal crashes. The logistic regression results reveal that females are at higher risk of fatalities than male drivers...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616872/the-impact-of-traffic-sign-deficit-on-road-traffic-accidents-in-nigeria
#8
Christian Ezeibe, Chukwudi Ilo, Chika Oguonu, Alphonsus Ali, Ifeanyi Abada, Ezinwanne Ezeibe, Chukwunonso Oguonu, Felicia Abada, Edwin Izueke, Humphrey Agbo
This study assesses the impact of traffic sign deficit on road traffic accidents in Nigeria. The participants were 720 commercial vehicle drivers. While simple random sampling was used to select 6 out of 137 federal highways, stratified random sampling was used to select six categories of commercial vehicle drivers. The study used qual-dominant mixed methods approach comprising key informant interviews; group interviews; field observation; policy appraisal and secondary literature on traffic signs. Result shows that the failure of government to provide and maintain traffic signs in order to guide road users through the numerous accident black spots on the highways is the major cause of road accidents in Nigeria...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561229/regression-multiple-linear
#9
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463184/informal-work-related-injuries-a-one-year-prospective-study-in-a-rural-community-in-serbia
#10
Predrag Duric, Karin Diaconu, Fiona O'May, Jan Rybovic, Mark Stevenson
Work-related injuries occurring during informal work often go unreported, yet lead to significant mortality and contribute substantially to disease burden due to injury-related disability. In Serbia, injury is a leading cause of death, with work-related injuries comprising a significant proportion. This study explored the frequency of and risk factors for these injuries in a rural Serbian community. During the 12-month study period, physicians from a municipal Primary Care Centre reported all presenting injuries using a specific injury report form...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460672/effects-of-distance-and-rescue-time-to-medical-facilities-on-traffic-mortality-utilizing-gis
#11
Wei Hu, Qiao Dong, Baoshan Huang
Although supported by little scientific evidence, the concept of 'golden hour,' which claims that mortality for trauma patients rises significantly over rescue time, plays a vital role in the design of our current trauma system. Only the contrary results could be found by using Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from 2010 to 2012. The results of logistic regression showed that longer total time intervals were associated with lower traffic mortality, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.993 per minute. Utilizing the closest facility solver in the Geographic Information System, the effect of 'reverse causation' and the difference between trauma centre and non-trauma centre on the time-mortality relationship were discussed...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460661/effective-environmental-factors-on-geographical-distribution-of-traffic-accidents-on-pedestrians-downtown-of-tehran-city
#12
Ali Moradi, Khaled Rahmani, Amir Kavousi, Farshid Eshghabadi, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Slahedyn Zainni, Hamid Soori
The aim of this study was to geographically analyse the traffic casualties in pedestrians in downtown of Tehran City. Study population consisted of pedestrians who had traffic injury accidents from April 2014 to March 2015 in Tehran City. Data were extracted from the offices of traffic police and municipality. For analysis of environmental factors and site of accidents, Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression models and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) were used. All pedestrian accidents including 514 accidents were assessed in this study in which the site of accidents included arterial streets in 370 (71...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457920/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-reporting-quality-of-published-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-fall-injuries
#13
Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazrgani, Iman Dianat
To evaluate the quality of reporting in published randomized controlled trials (RTCs) in the field of fall injuries. The 188 RTCs published between 2001 and 2011, indexed in EMBASE and Medline databases were extracted through searching by appropriate keywords and EMTree classification terms. The evaluation trustworthiness was assured through parallel evaluations of two experts in epidemiology and biostatistics. About 40%-75% of papers had problems in reporting random allocation method, allocation concealment, random allocation implementation, blinding and similarity among groups, intention to treat and balancing benefits and harms...
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400251/safety-of-the-vulnerable-road-users-current-challenges-and-need-for-a-new-approach
#14
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400125/regression-simple-linear
#15
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701104/a-document-analysis-of-drowning-prevention-education-resources-in-the-united-states
#16
Adam Bradley Katchmarchi, Andrea R Taliaferro, Hannah Joy Kipfer
There have been long-standing calls to better educate the public at large on risks of drowning; yet limited evaluation has taken place on current resources in circulation. The purpose of this qualitative research is to develop an understanding of the content in currently circulated drowning prevention resources in the United States. Data points (n = 451) consisting of specific content within 25 different drowning prevention educational resources were analyzed using document analysis methods; a grounded theory approach was employed to allow for categorical development and indexing of the data...
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691578/a-hybrid-clustering-and-classification-approach-for-predicting-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-roads
#17
Seyed Hessam-Allah Hasheminejad, Mohsen Zahedi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad
As a threat for transportation system, traffic crashes have a wide range of social consequences for governments. Traffic crashes are increasing in developing countries and Iran as a developing country is not immune from this risk. There are several researches in the literature to predict traffic crash severity based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector machines and decision trees. This paper attempts to investigate the crash injury severity of rural roads by using a hybrid clustering and classification approach to compare the performance of classification algorithms before and after applying the clustering...
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691568/burden-pattern-and-causes-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-bhutan-2013-2014-a-police-record-review
#18
Chador Wangdi, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Duba, Ewan Wilkinson, Zaw Myo Tun, Jaya Prasad Tripathy
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major cause of death and injury globally. There was little information on the burden and causes of RTAs in Bhutan. The study estimates the burden and characteristics of RTAs and describes the victims of RTAs in Bhutan. A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted analysing police case records. In 2013-2014, 1866 accidents resulted in 1143 injuries and 157 deaths. We identified 39% more deaths from RTAs than that submitted to WHO in 2013 as the 30-day mortality. The main causes were careless driving and drunk-driving...
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675092/introducing-experiment-in-pedestrian-behaviour-and-risk-perception-study-at-urban-level-crossing
#19
Danijela Barić, Hrvoje Pilko, Martin Starčević
Given the high risk of severe accidents at level crossings (LCs), this study examined legal and illegal crossings by pedestrians and cyclists at a high-traffic LC in Zagreb, Croatia. Survey data and field observations were collected to identify reasons for risky behaviour. Behaviour was observed under normal conditions and in the presence of various safety measures in order to identify measures that can reduce risky behaviour. Results show that the presence of police officer at the LC was most effective at reducing illegal crossings, while the presence of cameras contributes significantly as well, especially after safety educational campaign when illegal crossing decreases for 59...
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675090/unsafe-cycling-behaviours-and-near-crashes-among-italian-cyclists
#20
Víctor Marín Puchades, Luca Pietrantoni, Federico Fraboni, Marco De Angelis, Gabriele Prati
This study investigates the direct and indirect effect of three types of unsafe behaviours (i.e. errors, generic violations and smartphone-specific violations) on the likelihood of near crashes and actual crashes among Italian cyclists. We considered smartphone-specific violations as a different unsafe behaviour subtype that enhances the probability of committing errors, thus increasing the likelihood of being involved in near crashes. Furthermore, we hypothesized that near crashes will predict actual crashes...
March 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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