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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173600/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134764/road-safety-determinants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Mohamed Dhibi
The objective of this article is to summarize and review the literature on the determinants of road traffic injuries and fatalities, to identify the relevant research gaps in particular for low and middle income countries. We also present a cross-country analysis of the determinants of road traffic injuries and fatalities that take into account a wide range of potential environmental, economic and social factors. The present study focused on differences based on the level of development. The goal was to identify relevant commonalities that may assist in the creation of road safety policies common to countries at a similar level of development...
August 23, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939119/laypeople-roles-at-road-traffic-crash-scenes-a-systematic-review
#3
Mohammad Heidari, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
This study aimed to identify the roles of laypeople at road traffic injuries (RTIs). A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The key words of 'laypeople', 'layman', 'layperson', 'bystander', 'first responder', 'lay first responder', 'road traffic', 'road traffic injury', 'crash injury', 'crash scene', 'emergency', 'trauma care', and 'prehospital trauma care' were used in combination with the Boolean operators OR and AND...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969387/regression-binary-logistic
#4
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969374/infrastructure-designs-and-traffic-safety-the-road-to-vision-zero
#5
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460672/effects-of-distance-and-rescue-time-to-medical-facilities-on-traffic-mortality-utilizing-gis
#6
Wei Hu, Qiao Dong, Baoshan Huang
Although supported by little scientific evidence, the concept of 'golden hour,' which claims that mortality for trauma patients rises significantly over rescue time, plays a vital role in the design of our current trauma system. Only the contrary results could be found by using Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from 2010 to 2012. The results of logistic regression showed that longer total time intervals were associated with lower traffic mortality, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.993 per minute. Utilizing the closest facility solver in the Geographic Information System, the effect of 'reverse causation' and the difference between trauma centre and non-trauma centre on the time-mortality relationship were discussed...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431033/hotspots-of-road-traffic-crashes-in-a-redeveloping-area-of-shanghai
#7
Xiuqin Chen, Limei Huang, Dajun Dai, Meiying Zhu, Kezhi Jin
To identify high-risk locations (hotspots) of road traffic crashes (RTC) in a redeveloping area of Shanghai, for formulating relevant countermeasures in similar areas. After geocoding the crash locations on electronic map, assessment of spatial clustering of accidents and hotspots spatial densities was conducted following Moran's I method, the kernel density estimation, the Ripley's K-function and the network-based kernel density estimation (NKDE). A total of 21,679 RTC incidents resulting in 24,147 victims were recorded from 2010 to 2012...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415611/safety-features-of-freeway-weaving-segments-with-a-buffer-separated-high-occupancy-vehicle-hov-lane
#8
Kwangho Kim, Byung-Jung Park
This paper investigates the crash-rate distribution of the freeway weaving segments with a buffer-separated high-occupancy-vehicle lane. For this purpose, crash, traffic and geometry data were extracted from various sources. These extracted data were either spatially or spatiotemporally matched with one another, and used for both descriptive and model-based analyses. The descriptive analysis revealed that crash-rate distributions of the weaving segments depend not only on the class of the subject highway but also on the presence of an access point...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415609/built-environment-analysis-for-road-traffic-hotspot-locations-in-moshi-tanzania
#9
Meredith Waldon, Treasure Joelson Ibingira, Luciano de Andrade, Blandina T Mmbaga, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Mark Mvungi, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) cause significant morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Investigation of high risk areas for RTIs is needed to guide improvements. This study provides built environmental analysis of road traffic crash hotspots within Moshi, Tanzania. Spatial analysis of police data identified 36 hotspots. Qualitative comparative analysis revealed 40% of crash sites were on local roads without night lighting and increased motorcycle density. Paved narrow roads represented 26% of hotspots and 13% were unpaved roads with uneven roadsides...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411680/road-traffic-crashes-and-built-environment-analysis-of-crash-hotspots-based-on-local-police-data-in-galle-sri-lanka
#10
Vijitha De Silva, Hemajith Tharindra, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Luciano Andrade, Badra Chandanie Mallawaarachchi, Truls Østbye, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a leading cause of death and disability. In low- and middle-income countries, vulnerable road users are commonly involved in injurious RTCs. This study describes epidemiological and built environment analysis (BEA) of in Galle, Sri Lanka. After ethical and police permission, police data were collected and descriptive statistics tabulated. Spatial analysis identified hot spots and BEA was conducted at each location. Seven hundred and fifty-two victim data from 389 reported RTCs were collected...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400597/parental-perceptions-of-child-placement-within-vehicles-a-focus-group-study
#11
Andrea L Huseth-Zosel
Although rear-seating children in motor vehicles results in fewer injuries and fatalities in motor vehicle crashes, many children continue to be front-seated. This study seeks to identify parental barriers to rear-seating children in motor vehicles and strategies to increase child rear seat placement. Focus groups were conducted with parents of children 12 or younger to determine barriers to rear seating and strategies to increase child rear seat placement. Barriers to rear seat placement identified include the logistics of transporting multiple children with limited rear seat availability, the potential of children to harm themselves if rear-seated, and peer pressure...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400122/factors-associated-with-urban-non-fatal-road-accident-severity
#12
Dimitris Potoglou, Fabio Carlucci, Andrea Cirà, Marialuisa Restaino
This paper reports on the factors associated with non-fatal urban-road accident severity. Data on accidents were gathered from the local traffic police in the City of Palermo, one of the six most populated cities in Italy. Findings from a mixed-effects logistic-regression model suggest that accident severity increases when two young drivers are involved, road traffic conditions are light/normal and when vehicles crash on a two-way road or carriageway. Speeding is more likely to cause slight or serious injury even when compared to a vehicle moving towards the opposite direction of traffic...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282994/hierarchical-clustering-analysis-framework-of-mutually-exclusive-crash-causation-parameters-for-regional-road-safety-strategies
#13
Avijit Maji, Nagendra R Velaga, Yohan Urie
Hierarchical clustering analysis framework is developed to identify benchmark and critical regions for effective road safety strategies. The regions are grouped based on agglomeration coefficient of mutually exclusive crash causation parameters. Subsequently, regions from groups with lower than a threshold index value are selected as benchmark for the poorly performing critical counterparts. Euclidean distance-based Ward's, median and centroid clustering techniques are explored through a case study of Indian states and Union Territories...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853326/which-set-of-factors-contribute-to-increase-the-likelihood-of-pedestrian-fatality-in-road-crashes
#14
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
This study aimed to explore the combination of factors and circumstances that could increase the likelihood of a pedestrian crash to be fatal. Six pedestrian crash clusters identified in our previous study on 34,178 crashes occurred in Iran, were employed in the current work and the association rules technique was used as the analysis tool. Based on the results, jaywalking or waiting beside the road on poorly illuminated locations of those segments of rural roads that pass through residential/agricultural districts substantially increased the fatality risk of pedestrian (Lift = 3...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693406/assessment-of-the-road-safety-performance-of-four-roundabouts-in-kumasi-ghana
#15
Shaibu Bawa, James Damsere-Derry
Upgrade of the Ejisu-Kumasi section of the N6 saw the construction of roundabouts at selected intersections. Their use appears challenging particularly for vehicles with elevated Centre-of-Gravity. The objective of this study was to establish the relative risk of traffic accident deaths or hospitalized injuries at the roundabouts. Five-year crash data covering a 100 m stretch upstream and downstream of the roundabouts were analysed. A total of 119 crashes occurred with 18% casualty hospitalization and 12%fatalities...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927690/understanding-road-traffic-risks-from-the-street-hawker-s-perspective
#16
Enoch F Sam, Justina Akansor, William Agyemang
This study explored street hawkers' lived experiences and risks in traffic using the phenomenological case study design. Data from 24 hawkers at three hawking spots and field observations form the basis of our study. A stratified purposeful sampling scheme was employed to ensure a balance of gender and age. Thematic data analytic strategy was employed in the data analysis. We found that participants' traffic incidents were mainly self-induced, attributable to their negligence on the road, indiscriminate road crossing and car-following behaviour...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882725/an-analysis-of-highway-work-zone-safety-practices-in-pakistan
#17
Hasnain Muhammad Rashid, Anwaar Ahmed, Behram Wali, Nadeem Anwer Qureshi
Highway Work Zones (HWZs) present a major hazard for road users, construction workers and equipment, and significantly contribute to occurrence of road crashes worldwide. The present study focuses on analysing the current state of safety measures at HWZs in Pakistan. A more direct approach is adopted by comparing safety measures at randomly selected HWZs in Pakistan with well-established safety procedures in Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD). HWZ safety measures such as traffic signs, markings, safety measures for pedestrians, workers and construction machinery, police enforcement, speed control measures, provision of advance warning area, buffer spaces, transition areas, and tapers for eight different HWZs were studied and compared with MUTCD standards...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882715/extended-investigation-on-road-fatality-in-brunei
#18
N B Yusof, M A Hoque, M C Steele, S Y Yong
Road fatality is one of the leading causes of death in Brunei with 79 deaths in 1993, the highest ever recorded. The Brunei government has been trying to reduce this by implementing new traffic measures and successfully reduced fatalities to 24 fatalities in 2014. Yearly road fatality has been fluctuating, but there has been a declining tendency overall. The aim of this study is to investigate road fatality in Brunei by extending the research. We developed a multiple regression model and carried out an analysis on road fatality in Brunei...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869932/applying-the-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-road-traffic-deaths-and-injuries-in-three-non-contiguous-cities-in-the-philippines
#19
Adovich Sarmiento Rivera, Hilton Yu Lam
In establishing goals for the Philippine road safety plan, police data were used. Police reports are likely underreporting. We apply capture-recapture analysis to determine expansion factors and estimate the true incidence. Three cities were visited where data on deaths (2014) and injury (January-March 2014) from hospitals, police and civil registry were collected. Matching was done to generate a final list of injured and dead individuals. The Chapman method was used for estimating the true number of cases...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616875/injury-control-using-novel-analytic-methods-to-enhance-advocacy-and-policy-response
#20
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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