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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508713/investigation-of-the-reasons-for-not-using-helmet-among-motorcyclists-in-kerman-iran
#1
Aliasghar Maghsoudi, Dariush Boostani, Manoochehr Rafeiee
This study was carried out to investigate reasoning and interpretation of motorcyclists for not using helmet utilizing qualitative methodology of 'grounded theory'. The field of the study was Kerman, a cultural-historical city at the south-east of Iran. Participants were 21 young male motorcyclists. Two sampling strategies were used: maximum variation and snowball sampling. To collect data, in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted. Data analysis yielded seven categories: fatalism; a barrier to social relationships; peer group pressure and negative labelling; messing up the appearance; disturbance in hearing and vision; barrier to normal breathing; and heaviness and superfluity of helmet...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498037/do-parental-decision-making-patterns-predict-compliance-with-use-of-child-booster-seats
#2
Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Rosa Gofin, Anna C Kienski Woloski Wruble, Leon Mann
Booster seat use for 4-9 year olds remains the lowest of all age groups in many countries. The objective of this study is to examine whether parents' decision-making patterns, as measured by the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, relate to car booster seat use. Israeli parents of 4-7 years old children (n = 398) answered a questionnaire about car safety and decision-making habits. Ninety per cent of parents reported having a booster seat; 70.5% reported consistent booster seat use in general and on short drives during the last month (booster seat use compliance index)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492100/data-mining-in-road-crash-analysis-the-context-of-developing-countries
#3
Md Asif Raihan, Moinul Hossain, Tanweer Hasan
The recent advancements in the field of data mining have made vast progress in extracting new information and hidden patterns from large datasets which are often overlooked by the traditional statistical approaches. These methods focus on searching for new and interesting hypothesis which were previously unobserved. Road safety researchers working with the crash data from developed world have seen encouraging success in obtaining new insight into crash mechanism through data mining. An attempt was made in this study to apply these advance methods and evaluate their performance in manifesting crash causes for Bangladesh...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417686/trauma-epidemiology-in-puerto-rico-in-hospital-morbidity-and-mortality-from-2002-to-2011
#4
Annette Pascual-Marrero, Ediel O Ramos-Meléndez, Omar García-Rodríguez, José E Morales-Quiñones, Pablo Rodríguez-Ortiz
This study aimed to describe the distribution of injury mechanisms and to assess the impact of those mechanisms on the morbidity and mortality of trauma. All patients admitted to Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital (2002-2011) for road-traffic collisions (RTCs, 5,371), gunshot wounds (GSWs, 2,946), falls (2,319), pedestrian accidents (1,652), and stab wounds (SWs, 1,073) were selected. Gunshot victims were 1.19 (95%CI: 1.07-1.33) times as likely as road-traffic victims to have an ISS ≥25. Pedestrians were 1.76 (95%CI: 1...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413902/sustainable-development-goals-and-road-traffic-injuries-the-new-research-challenge
#5
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387170/incidence-and-cost-of-non-fatal-burns-in-iran-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#6
Abolfazl Abouie, Payman Salamati, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Soheil Saadat, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Vandad Sharifi, Ahmad Hajebi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
To determine the incidence and cost of non-fatal burns in Iran; this cross-sectional household survey of a nationally representative sample of 15-64 years old was conducted. Through face-to-face interviews and telephone calls, the data on the demographics, history and cost of burns were collected. The annual incidence rate of burns was estimated 129.85 per 1000 population. Burns occurred higher in younger age, female gender and urban residency. The most common burn description was as follows: unpaid work (activity during burn), home (place of burn), heat and hot substances (mechanism of burn) and upper limb (site of burn)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387151/exploring-safety-impacts-of-pedestrian-crossing-configurations-at-signalized-junctions-on-urban-roads-with-public-transport-routes
#7
Victoria Gitelman, Roby Carmel, Etti Doveh, Shalom Hakkert
This study explored the impacts of pedestrian-crossing configurations and other design features, on accident occurrences at signalized junctions situated on central public transport routes (PTRs) of urban arterials. Statistical tests and negative-binomial regression models were applied to identify factors affecting accidents and to examine accident numbers of the PTR junctions as opposed to comparison-sites. At the PTR junctions, a consistent impact of pedestrian-crossing configurations on accidents was found, where a gradated-crossing with mixed-shifting is the least safe...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362158/interpretation-of-relative-effects
#8
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452290/european-injury-prevention-conference-amsterdam-21-22-september-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452289/road-traffic-injury-among-child-motorcyclists-in-vientiane-capital-laos-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-hospital-based-injury-surveillance-database
#10
Tomoki Wada, Shinji Nakahara, Bouasone Bounta, Kheuamai Phommahaxay, Vanhnasith Phonelervong, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Mayfong Mayxay, Tavanh Manivong, Phisith Phoutsavath, Masao Ichikawa, Akio Kimura
This study investigated the distribution of motorcyclists, including drivers and passengers, who were involved in road traffic crashes and admitted to hospital in Vientiane Capital, Laos. The focus was on child motorcycle drivers and passengers under 15 years. A hospital-based injury surveillance database in Vientiane Capital was used. The surveillance was performed in two hospitals. From 1 September to 31 December 2009, 3968 patients were admitted to the participating hospitals with road traffic injuries. Patients under 15 years accounted for 10...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323870/prevalence-of-traffic-rule-infractions-in-cali-colombia-at-sites-where-injury-crashes-occurred
#11
G S Gómez-Salazar, F J Bonilla-Escobar, F J Morales-Quintero, A Fandiño-Losada, J Santaella, G Gonzalez, M I Gutierrez
This study aim to determine the proportion of traffic rule infractions in Cali, Colombia, in places where a road traffic injury (RTI) occurred. Description of videotaping of sites where a person was injured in an RTI in 2009. Counts of road users and infractions were established for each road user group and were compared using a Z-test. They were found 13,491 users, distributed as follow: 8.9% were pedestrians, 4.6% cyclists, 24.6% motorcyclists, and 61.8% were automobile drivers. The most frequent traffic violation among motorcyclists was transiting on lines designated for other vehicles (55...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184136/study-on-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-a-sample-of-iranian-drivers
#12
Ramin Arvin, Mostafa Khademi, Hesamoddin Razi-Ardakani
The use of cell phone is a significant source of driver distraction. Phone use while driving can impair a number of factors critical for safe driving which can cause serious traffic safety problems. The objective of this paper was to investigate the frequency of using cell phones while driving in Iran's roads through an observational survey with a random sample of drivers, to recognize contributing factors to cell phone usage and to understand the magnitude of the problem. A total of 1794 observations were collected from 12 sites at controlled intersections, entrance and exit points of highways...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142286/non-seatbelt-use-and-associated-factors-among-passengers
#13
Guang-Ming Han
Seatbelt use is the most effective way to save lives and reduce severe injuries. However, the percentage of non-seatbelt use is still high among drivers and passengers. Although the factors related to non-seatbelt use among drivers have been widely studied, the factors associated with non-seatbelt use among passengers have not been well documented. In addition, recent surveys showed that the driver's attitude has a significant impact on the passenger's seatbelt use. However, the lower response rate and less accurate of self-reported seatbelt use in survey studies, especially among participants who had a high level perception of penalty for non-seatbelt use...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094747/fatality-rate-of-pedestrians-and-fatal-crash-involvement-rate-of-drivers-in-pedestrian-crashes-a-case-study-of-iran
#14
Ali Tavakoli Kashani, Mohammad Mehdi Besharati
The aim of this study was to uncover patterns of pedestrian crashes. In the first stage, 34,178 pedestrian-involved crashes occurred in Iran during a four-year period were grouped into homogeneous clusters using a clustering analysis. Next, some in-cluster and inter-cluster crash patterns were analysed. The clustering analysis yielded six pedestrian crash groups. Car/van/pickup crashes on rural roads as well as heavy vehicle crashes were found to be less frequent but more likely to be fatal compared to other crash clusters...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094620/a-study-of-factors-affecting-intersection-crash-frequencies-using-random-parameter-multivariate-zero-inflated-models
#15
Chunjiao Dong, Jing Shi, Baoshan Huang, Xiaoming Chen, Zhuanglin Ma
Recent research demonstrates the appropriateness of multivariate regression models in crash count modelling when one specific type of crash counts needs to be analysed, since they can better handle the correlated issues in multiple crash counts. In this paper, a random-parameter multivariate zero-inflated Poisson (RMZIP) regression model is proposed as an alternative multivariate methodology for jointly modelling crash counts simultaneously. Using this RMZIP model, we are able to account for the heterogeneity due to the unobserved roadway geometric design features and traffic characteristics...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094517/geographic-distribution-of-suicide-and-railway-suicide-in-belgium-2008-2013-a-principal-component-analysis
#16
Mathieu Strale, Karolina Krysinska, Gaëtan Van Overmeiren, Karl Andriessen
This study investigated the geographic distribution of suicide and railway suicide in Belgium over 2008--2013 on local (i.e., district or arrondissement) level. There were differences in the regional distribution of suicide and railway suicides in Belgium over the study period. Principal component analysis identified three groups of correlations among population variables and socio-economic indicators, such as population density, unemployment, and age group distribution, on two components that helped explaining the variance of railway suicide at a local (arrondissement) level...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094405/student-motorcyclists-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-vientiane-laos
#17
Sysavanh Phommachanh, Masao Ichikawa, Shinji Nakahara, Mayfong Mayxay, Akio Kimura
To investigate mobile phone use while driving among student motorcyclists in Laos, we conducted a school-based questionnaire survey in central Vientiane in May 2014. Of the 883 high school students who reported to drive motorcycles at least once a week, 40% have ever used phones while driving motorcycles in both sexes. Those phone users had longer driving exposures than non-users, with about half engaging in phone use while driving at least 2 days a week and 70% engaging for 1 min or longer on an average day...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796536/rural-urban-disparity-in-knowledge-and-compliance-with-traffic-signs-among-young-commercial-motorcyclists-in-selected-local-government-areas-in-oyo-state-nigeria
#18
Adesola O Olumide, Eme T Owoaje
This study compared knowledge and compliance with traffic signs among young commercial motorcyclists in rural and urban communities in Oyo state, Nigeria. Information on knowledge and compliance with 10 common traffic signs was obtained from 149 rural and 113 urban commercial motorcyclists aged 18-35 years. Aggregate knowledge scores were computed and categorized as good (≥5) and poor (<5) knowledge. Overall, 98.7% rural versus 61.1% urban motorcyclists had poor knowledge of traffic signs (p < 0.05)...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760719/self-reported-load-carriage-injuries-of-military-soldiers
#19
Robin Marc Orr, Julia Coyle, Venerina Johnston, Rodney Pope
The aim of this study was to investigate whether occupational load carriage constitutes a significant source of injury to military soldiers. An online survey was sent to soldiers serving in specific Australian Army Corps known to experience the greatest occupational exposure to load carriage. Of the 338 respondents, 34% sustained at least one load carriage injury. Fifty-two per cent of those injured during initial training reported sustaining an additional load carriage injury. The majority of injuries (61%) were to the lower limbs with bones and joints the most frequently injured body structures (39%)...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401831/aggregated-analysis-of-in-depth-accident-causation-data
#20
Davide Shingo Usami, Gabriele Giustiniani, Luca Persia, Roberto Gigli
Data collected from in-depth road accident investigations are very informative and may contain more than 500 accident-related variables for a single investigated case. These data may be used to get a more detailed knowledge on accident and injury causation associated with a specific accident scenario. However, due to their complexity, studies using in-depth data at aggregated levels are not common. The objective of this paper is to propose a methodology to analyse aggregated accident causation charts in order to highlight strong and weak relationships between crash causes and pre-crash scenarios...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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