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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969387/regression-binary-logistic
#1
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969374/infrastructure-designs-and-traffic-safety-the-road-to-vision-zero
#2
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939119/laypeople-roles-at-road-traffic-accident-scenes-a-systematic-review
#3
Mohammad Heidari, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
This study aimed to identifying the roles of laypeople at road traffic injuries (RTIs). A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The key words of 'laypeople', 'layman', 'layperson', 'bystander', 'first responder', 'lay first responder', 'road traffic', 'road traffic injury', 'crash injury', 'crash scene', 'emergency', 'trauma care', and 'prehospital trauma care' were used in combination with the Boolean operators OR and AND...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927690/understanding-road-traffic-risks-from-the-street-hawker-s-perspective
#4
Enoch F Sam, Justina Akansor, William Agyemang
This study explored street hawkers' lived experiences and risks in traffic using the phenomenological case study design. Data from 24 hawkers at three hawking spots and field observations form the basis of our study. A stratified purposeful sampling scheme was employed to ensure a balance of gender and age. Thematic data analytic strategy was employed in the data analysis. We found that participants' traffic incidents were mainly self-induced, attributable to their negligence on the road, indiscriminate road crossing and car-following behaviour...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882725/an-analysis-of-highway-work-zone-safety-practices-in-pakistan
#5
Hasnain Muhammad Rashid, Anwaar Ahmed, Behram Wali, Nadeem Anwar Qureshi
Highway Work Zones (HWZs) present a major hazard for road users, construction workers and equipment, and significantly contribute to occurrence of road crashes worldwide. The present study focuses on analysing the current state of safety measures at HWZs in Pakistan. A more direct approach is adopted by comparing safety measures at randomly selected HWZs in Pakistan with well-established safety procedures in Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD). HWZ safety measures such as traffic signs, markings, safety measures for pedestrians, workers and construction machinery, police enforcement, speed control measures, provision of advance warning area, buffer spaces, transition areas, and tapers for eight different HWZs were studied and compared with MUTCD standards...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882715/extended-investigation-on-road-fatality-in-brunei
#6
N B Yusof, M A Hoque, M C Steele, S Y Yong
Road fatality is one of the leading causes of death in Brunei with 79 deaths in 1993, the highest ever recorded. The Brunei government has been trying to reduce this by implementing new traffic measures and successfully reduced fatalities to 24 fatalities in 2014. Yearly road fatality has been fluctuating, but there has been a declining tendency overall. The aim of this study is to investigate road fatality in Brunei by extending the research. We developed a multiple regression model and carried out an analysis on road fatality in Brunei...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869932/applying-the-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-road-traffic-deaths-and-injuries-in-three-non-contiguous-cities-in-the-philippines
#7
Adovich Sarmiento Rivera, Hilton Yu Lam
In establishing goals for the Philippine road safety plan, police data were used. Police reports are likely underreporting. We apply capture-recapture analysis to determine expansion factors and estimate the true incidence. Three cities were visited where data on deaths (2014) and injury (January-March 2014) from hospitals, police and civil registry were collected. Matching was done to generate a final list of injured and dead individuals. The Chapman method was used for estimating the true number of cases...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846138/impact-of-traffic-citations-to-reduce-truck-crashes-on-challenging-roadway-geometry
#8
Promothes Saha, Mohammad Mahdi Rezapour Mashhadi, Khaled Ksaibati
Wyoming's Interstate 80 has one of the highest truck crash rates in the United States. This is due to a variety of reasons, including high percentage of truck traffic, adverse weather conditions and mountainous terrain. These factors have caused the Wyoming Highway Patrol (WHP) to spend extensive resources on inspecting commercial vehicles and enforcement of traffic laws in this corridor. This study estimated the correlation between traffic citations and truck crashes. In addition, the paper evaluated the increased risk of truck crashes in adverse weather and road conditions...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846121/incidence-and-characteristics-of-unintentional-injuries-among-children-in-a-resource-limited-setting-in-kampala-uganda
#9
Charles Ssemugabo, Trasias Mukama, Abdullah Ali Halage, Nino Paichadze, Dustin G Gibson, Olive Kobusingye
Given that little is known about the epidemiology of unintentional injuries in children in low-income countries, this study sought to determine the incidence and characteristics of unintentional injuries among children aged ≤18 years in a slum community in Uganda. From a household survey, the incidence and odds ratios for factors associated with unintentional injury characteristics were calculated. Of 1583 children, 706 had suffered 787 unintentional injuries yielding an annual incidence rate of 497 injuries per 1000 children...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842830/the-key-risk-indicators-of-road-traffic-crashes-in-serbia-ni%C3%A5-region
#10
Ivan Radojković, Pedja Milosavljevic, Goran Janaćković, Miroljub Grozdanović
Traffic crashes are a serious public health and socio-economic problem, and they are one of leading causes of death of males in Serbia. In order to determine the main causes of road traffic crashes in Niš region, Republic of Serbia, nine key risk indicators of road traffic crashes are identified, organized into four groups (number and structure of crashes, consequences of traffic crashes, temporal and spatial location of traffic crashes, causes and sanctions), and described in detail. The indicators are ranked based on group fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP), where experts from insurance companies, professionally engaged in the process of risk assessment, with different previous experience present different impact on the final ranking...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806792/matching-of-police-and-hospital-road-crash-casualty-records-a-data-linkage-study-in-malaysia
#11
Noor Azreena Kamaluddin, Mohd Faizal Abd Rahman, András Várhelyi
Underreporting of road crashes hampers the development of appropriate road safety countermeasures in many countries. In this study, police and hospital records from road crash casualties in the Melaka Tengah district in Malaysia from 2014 were collected to determine their matching and reporting rates. Based on authentic personal identifiers from both types of records, Microsoft SQL was used to reveal how the matching rate varies due to multiple factors. The results showed that 311 cases (of 7625 hospital records) could be linked to both databases, yielding a 4...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806779/geographic-analysis-of-road-accident-severity-index-in-nigeria
#12
Ayodeji E Iyanda
Before 2030, deaths from road traffic accidents (RTAs) will surpass cerebrovascular disease, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS. Yet, there is little knowledge on the geographic distribution of RTA severity in Nigeria. Accident Severity Index is the proportion of deaths that result from a road accident. This study analysed the geographic pattern of RTA severity based on the data retrieved from Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC). The study predicted a two-year data from a historic road accident data using exponential smoothing technique...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806778/design-and-construction-of-an-unintentional-injury-risk-index-uiri-to-measure-frequency-and-severity-of-accidental-injuries-in-europe
#13
Mercedes Camarero
In today's Risk Society, accidental injuries are considered an important public health problem. To design coherent programmes aimed at reducing risk, it is necessary to measure the magnitude of this phenomenon with its changing meaning -from random misfortune to foreseeable and preventable risk. To calculate the total volume of accidental injuries in Europe, the empirical aim of this article, we have designed an adequate measurement instrument: the Unintentional Injury Risk Index (UIRI) counts both the probability (incidence) and the consequences (severity) of injuries...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798710/underreporting-crash-severity-and-fault-assignment-of-minor-crashes-in-china-a-study-based-on-self-reported-surveys
#14
Hongtai Yang, Christopher R Cherry, Fan Su, Ziwen Ling, Zane Pannell, Yanlai Li, Zhijian Fu
Unreported minor crashes have importance as a surrogate for more serious crashes that require infrastructure, education, and enforcement strategies; and they still inflict damages. To study factors that influence underreporting, cause, and severity of minor crashes; a survey was performed in Kunming and Beijing to collect self-reported personal characteristics and crash history data of the three major urban road users in China: automobile drivers, bicycle riders and electric bike (e-bike) riders. Underreporting rates of automobile to automobile, automobile to non-motorized vehicle, and non-motorized vehicle to non-motorized vehicle crashes are 56%, 77% and 94%, respectively...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792563/ability-of-crime-demographic-and-business-data-to-forecast-areas-of-increased-violence
#15
Daniel A Bowen, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Daniel T Wu, David A Fraser, Charles E Flood, Jasmine C Moore, Elizabeth W Mays, Steven A Sumner
Identifying geographic areas and time periods of increased violence is of considerable importance in prevention planning. This study compared the performance of multiple data sources to prospectively forecast areas of increased interpersonal violence. We used 2011-2014 data from a large metropolitan county on interpersonal violence (homicide, assault, rape and robbery) and forecasted violence at the level of census block-groups and over a one-month moving time window. Inputs to a Random Forest model included historical crime records from the police department, demographic data from the US Census Bureau, and administrative data on licensed businesses...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792558/epidemiologic-features-and-intervention-effect-of-fall-injury-among-rural-school-aged-children-in-southwest-china-a-short-term-cohort-study
#16
Xiuquan Shi, Tao Wang, Chan Nie, Haiyan Wang, Lirong Luo, Yonghong Qi, Zhixia Jiang
Falls are the top one type in all unintentional injuries. In this study, we aim to explore the epidemiological characteristics of falls and assess the intervention effect. Our research had interviewed 2854 rural children in southwest China. Then, we used School-Family-Individual (SFI) comprehensive education model to conduct an intervention among 1506 children and follow up them for one year. The changes in injury knowledge and incidence rate before and after intervention were compared. We found the fall injury was 37...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616875/injury-control-using-novel-analytic-methods-to-enhance-advocacy-and-policy-response
#17
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561229/regression-multiple-linear
#18
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457920/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-reporting-quality-of-published-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-fall-injuries
#19
Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazrgani, Iman Dianat
To evaluate the quality of reporting in published randomized controlled trials (RTCs) in the field of fall injuries. The 188 RTCs published between 2001 and 2011, indexed in EMBASE and Medline databases were extracted through searching by appropriate keywords and EMTree classification terms. The evaluation trustworthiness was assured through parallel evaluations of two experts in epidemiology and biostatistics. About 40%-75% of papers had problems in reporting random allocation method, allocation concealment, random allocation implementation, blinding and similarity among groups, intention to treat and balancing benefits and harms...
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336223/assessment-of-safety-culture-among-job-positions-in-high-rise-construction-a-hybrid-fuzzy-multi-criteria-decision-making-fmcdm-approach
#20
A Ardeshir, M Mohajeri
The construction industry is known as one of the most dangerous industries, which not only requires sound operation of executive laws and regulations, but also necessitates the safety culture of all workers at workshops. Therefore, the aim of this research is to identify the factors of safety culture and ranking occupations in jobsites based on those factors in order to proactively improve the safety culture of construction projects and subsequently promote safety conditions and worksites. In this study, safety culture criteria are weighted by a combination of Fuzzy Decision Trail and Evaluation Laboratory and Fuzzy ANP methods...
June 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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