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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718705/power-curves
#1
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701104/a-document-analysis-of-drowning-prevention-education-resources-in-the-united-states
#2
Adam Bradley Katchmarchi, Andrea R Taliaferro, Hannah Joy Kipfer
There have been long-standing calls to better educate the public at large on risks of drowning; yet limited evaluation has taken place on current resources in circulation. The purpose of this qualitative research is to develop an understanding of the content in currently circulated drowning prevention resources in the United States. Data points (n = 451) consisting of specific content within 25 different drowning prevention educational resources were analyzed using document analysis methods; a grounded theory approach was employed to allow for categorical development and indexing of the data...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701100/intervention-analysis-of-the-safety-effects-of-a-legislation-targeting-excessive-speeding-in-canada
#3
Suliman A Gargoum, Karim El-Basyouny
Excessive speeding is a major traffic safety concern consequently, numerous countermeasures have been considered to mitigate this problem. Excessive speeding, street racing and stunt driving activities subject all road users to extreme risk. To address this problem, three Canadian provinces introduced severe sanctions against drivers who exceed speed limits by high margins. Under the laws offenders were subject to immediate license suspension and vehicle impoundment. In this paper, intervention analysis of the collision data from the three provinces was conducted to identify the safety effects of the legislation...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693406/assessment-of-the-road-safety-performance-of-four-roundabouts-in-kumasi-ghana
#4
Shaibu Bawa, James Damsere-Derry
Upgrade of the Ejisu-Kumasi section of the N6 saw the construction of roundabouts at selected intersections. Their use appears challenging particularly for vehicles with elevated Centre-of-Gravity. The objective of this study was to establish the relative risk of traffic accident deaths or hospitalized injuries at the roundabouts. Five-year crash data covering a 100 m stretch upstream and downstream of the roundabouts were analysed. A total of 119 crashes occurred with 18% casualty hospitalization and 12%fatalities...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691578/a-hybrid-clustering-and-classification-approach-for-predicting-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-roads
#5
Seyed Hessam-Allah Hasheminejad, Mohsen Zahedi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad
As a threat for transportation system, traffic crashes have a wide range of social consequences for governments. Traffic crashes are increasing in developing countries and Iran as a developing country is not immune from this risk. There are several researches in the literature to predict traffic crash severity based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector machines and decision trees. This paper attempts to investigate the crash injury severity of rural roads by using a hybrid clustering and classification approach to compare the performance of classification algorithms before and after applying the clustering...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691568/burden-pattern-and-causes-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-bhutan-2013-2014-a-police-record-review
#6
Chador Wangdi, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Duba, Ewan Wilkinson, Zaw Myo Tun, Jaya Prasad Tripathy
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major cause of death and injury globally. There was little information on the burden and causes of RTAs in Bhutan. The study estimates the burden and characteristics of RTAs and describes the victims of RTAs in Bhutan. A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted analysing police case records. In 2013-2014, 1866 accidents resulted in 1143 injuries and 157 deaths. We identified 39% more deaths from RTAs than that submitted to WHO in 2013 as the 30-day mortality. The main causes were careless driving and drunk-driving...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689461/factors-associated-with-child-passenger-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-cambodia
#7
Hasan S Merali, Abdulgafoor M Bachani
This study examines factors associated with child passenger helmet use in five Cambodian provinces. We performed an analysis of periodic roadside observations of helmet use over a four-year period. A total of 62,039 child passengers 12 years of age and younger met inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. Overall, 1369 (2.1%) of child passengers were observed to be wearing a helmet. Most significantly, children were six times more likely to wear a helmet if the driver was wearing a helmet (OR 6...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678659/drowning-prevention-a-key-concern-for-researchers-and-major-health-bodies
#8
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675092/introducing-experiment-in-pedestrian-behaviour-and-risk-perception-study-at-urban-level-crossing
#9
Danijela Barić, Hrvoje Pilko, Martin Starčević
Given the high risk of severe accidents at level crossings (LCs), this study examined legal and illegal crossings by pedestrians and cyclists at a high-traffic LC in Zagreb, Croatia. Survey data and field observations were collected to identify reasons for risky behaviour. Behaviour was observed under normal conditions and in the presence of various safety measures in order to identify measures that can reduce risky behaviour. Results show that the presence of police officer at the LC was most effective at reducing illegal crossings, while the presence of cameras contributes significantly as well, especially after safety educational campaign when illegal crossing decreases for 59...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675090/unsafe-cycling-behaviours-and-near-crashes-among-italian-cyclists
#10
Víctor Marín Puchades, Luca Pietrantoni, Federico Fraboni, Marco De Angelis, Gabriele Prati
This study investigates the direct and indirect effect of three types of unsafe behaviours (i.e. errors, generic violations and smartphone-specific violations) on the likelihood of near crashes and actual crashes among Italian cyclists. We considered smartphone-specific violations as a different unsafe behaviour subtype that enhances the probability of committing errors, thus increasing the likelihood of being involved in near crashes. Furthermore, we hypothesized that near crashes will predict actual crashes...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675063/joinpoint-regression-analysis-to-evaluate-traffic-public-health-policies-by-national-temporal-trends-from-2000-to-2015
#11
Beatriz Nistal-Nuño
In the past 16 years, a variety of factors might have impacted traffic accidents in Chile. In order to identify and quantify differential rates of change over time this study employed a novel analytic method to assess temporal trends in traffic morbi-mortality. Overall death and injury rates and associated to alcohol per 100,000 inhabitants were monitored between 2000 and 2015. Joinpoint regression was used to calculate annual percent changes (APCs) and average APCs. Permutation tests were used to determine joinpoints...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675060/exploring-clinical-metrics-to-assess-the-health-impact-of-traffic-injuries
#12
Sara Ferreira, Marco Amorim, António Couto
In order to allow a deep knowledge of the nonfatal injuries, recently the European Commission adopted the maximum abbreviated injury scale classification which is based on medical diagnosis. This classification will open the door to a new source of information based on international hospital data such as diagnosis-related group and international classification of diseases. In this study, we seek to explore these clinical metrics, which are used to describe the diagnosis and the medical treatment, and to infer consequences of crashes mainly through the costs and severity...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690735/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-motorcycle-injuries-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Miguel Araujo, Eduardo Illanes, Evelina Chapman, Eugênia Rodrigues
Globally, 49% of deaths from traffic crashes occur among vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists. Approximately, a quarter of those killed are motorcyclists. The authors carried out a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent motorcycle crashes and the associated morbidity and mortality. The studies included in this review provide evidence for the effectiveness of helmet use, protective clothing, training, and penalties for alcohol consumption and speeding in preventing injury and death to motorcyclists...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686813/patterns-of-pre-hospital-events-and-management-of-motorcycle-related-injuries-in-a-tropical-setting
#14
Olufunso Simisola Aduayi, Victor Adovi Aduayi, Edward Oluwole Komolafe
This study sought to highlight associated factors and evaluate outcomes of motorcycle-related injuries (MCRI) among adults managed in a university teaching hospital in south-western Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 150 adult patients presenting with MCRI at the adult accident and emergency unit of the hospital. Information on the use of helmet, alcohol intake, number of pillion passengers, type of collision and time of arrival at hospital was collected. Patients were followed up and questionnaires were completed after discharge, referral or death...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633347/the-4rs-of-aquatic-rescue-educating-the-public-about-safety-and-risks-of-bystander-rescue
#15
Kevin Moran, Jonathon Webber, Teresa Stanley
From 1980 to 2014, 87 persons drowned in New Zealand while attempting to rescue others; all incidents occurred in open water and most (80%) fatalities were male. While bystander rescue has been promoted as a way of preventing drowning, little is known about the knowledge base that informs potential rescuers. This study utilized a family water safety programme to promote a resource entitled the 4Rs of Aquatic Rescue. Participants (n = 174) completed a pre-intervention survey and were then provided with information and access to electronic resources on safe bystander rescue techniques...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604830/clustering-based-classification-of-road-traffic-accidents-using-hierarchical-clustering-and-artificial-neural-networks
#16
Madhar Taamneh, Salah Taamneh, Sharaf Alkheder
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been widely used in predicting the severity of road traffic crashes. All available information about previously occurred accidents is typically used for building a single prediction model (i.e., classifier). Too little attention has been paid to the differences between these accidents, leading, in most cases, to build less accurate predictors. Hierarchical clustering is a well-known clustering method that seeks to group data by creating a hierarchy of clusters. Using hierarchical clustering and ANNs, a clustering-based classification approach for predicting the injury severity of road traffic accidents was proposed...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387854/home-related-injuries-among-under-five-year-children-and-mothers-care-regarding-injury-prevention-in-rural-areas
#17
Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Maryam Afshari, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei
This cross-sectional study was conducted in rural areas of Twiserkan (Toyserkan) County, in Iran, to assess factors associated with home-related injuries among under-five-year children and their mothers' care regarding injury prevention. Mothers who had their under-five-year-old children injured within a 12-month period were identified from recorded information in Twiserkan Health Center. Then, data were gathered using pre-tested questionnaire and through interview with injured children's mothers. The questions were about characteristics of the children's injuries and their mothers' care regarding injury prevention, using PRECEDE (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation) model with focus on knowledge and attitude; enabling and reinforcing factors; and mothers' preventive behaviours...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384971/injury-related-hospitalizations-in-2002-and-2012-in-a-mexican-rural-hospital-differences-between-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-inpatients
#18
Joel Monárrez-Espino, Adrián de la Maza Stahl, Luz María Tejada Tayabas, Andrés Balleza Carreón, Lucie Laflamme
Data are lacking on the extent and distribution of injuries in rural areas. This study aimed at comparing injury-related hospitalizations between 2002 and 2012 at a rural hospital of northern Mexico focusing on differences between indigenous (IP) and non-indigenous patients (NIP). A retrospective design based on the review of records of patients hospitalized with injury diagnoses was used. Information extracted included ethnicity, sex, age, hospital duration, surgical procedures, complications and discharge outcome...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378544/drowning-among-the-lakeside-fishing-communities-in-uganda-results-of-a-community-survey
#19
Olive Kobusingye, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Joseph Magoola, Lynn Atuyambe, Olakunle Olange
The study aimed to determine the drowning burden in four Ugandan lakeside districts; the prevalence of life jacket use, and community knowledge and attitudes regarding water safety. Subjects were recruited as they disembarked from boats. A structured questionnaire was used for demographics, experience on water, details of incidents in water, and awareness of drowning prevention measures. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews were held. The study interviewed 544 participants; 81.1% male, 86...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378437/constant-supervision-of-bathing-in-french-public-swimming-pools-an-unrealistic-regulatory-requirement
#20
Élie Vignac, Pascal Lebihain, Bastien Soulé
In France, to prevent drowning accidents in public swimming pools (PSPs), bathing must be constantly supervised by qualified staff. However, fatal drowning regularly occurs in supervised aquatic facilities. A review of the literature shows that human supervision is a complex task. The aim of this research is to fully assess the periods during which supervision is not carried out, or carried out in an inadequate manner. The observations made in 108 French PSPs show that supervision is not carried out 18% of the time and that it is carried out inadequately 33% of the time...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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