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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748141/seatbelt-use-among-drivers-in-an-urban-city-in-nigeria-an-observational-study
#1
Kenneth Amaechi Agu, Vincent Chidi Enemuo, Linda Oge Okoye, Okechukwu Onwuasoigwe
Studies from parts of Nigeria reported low compliance with seatbelt. This study sought to establish driver seatbelt use in Enugu, Nigeria by gender, vehicle type/use and time of day. Observations were done day and night at randomly selected locations. Data were analysed with SPSS version 15. Differences in response were checked with chi-square for trend. Confidence interval was 95% and P value < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Average compliance was 37.6% for the 510 males (85%) and 90 females (15%) observed...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728989/optimizing-suicide-and-trespass-prevention-on-railways-a-problem-solving-model-from-the-restrail-project
#2
Grigore M Havârneanu, Jean-Marie Burkhardt, Anne Silla
Suicides and trespassing accidents result in more than 3800 fatalities in Europe, representing 88% of all fatalities occurring within the EU railway system. This paper presents a problem-solving model, which consists of a multistep approach structuring the analysis of a suicide or trespass-related problem on the railways. First, we present the method used to design, evaluate and improve the problem-solving model. Then we describe the model in detail: it comprises six steps with several subsequent actions, and each action is approached through a checklist of prompting questions and possible answers...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690761/the-effect-of-natural-and-built-environmental-characteristics-on-pedestrian-vehicle-crash-severity-in-ghana
#3
Richard Amoh-Gyimah, Eric N Aidoo, Millicent A Akaateba, Simon K Appiah
Despite the benefits of walking as a means of travelling, walking can be quite hazardous. Pedestrian-vehicle crashes remain a major concern in Ghana as they account for the highest percentage of fatalities. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of both natural and built environmental features on pedestrian-vehicle crash severity in Ghana. The study is based on an extensive pedestrian-vehicle crash dataset extracted from the National Road Traffic Accident Database at the Building and Road Research Institute (BRRI) of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Ghana...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690735/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-motorcycle-injuries-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Miguel Araujo, Eduardo Illanes, Evelina Chapman, Eugênia Rodrigues
Globally, 49% of deaths from traffic crashes occur among vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists. Approximately, a quarter of those killed are motorcyclists. The authors carried out a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent motorcycle crashes and the associated morbidity and mortality. The studies included in this review provide evidence for the effectiveness of helmet use, protective clothing, training, and penalties for alcohol consumption and speeding in preventing injury and death to motorcyclists...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633347/the-4rs-of-aquatic-rescue-educating-the-public-about-safety-and-risks-of-bystander-rescue
#5
Kevin Moran, Jonathon Webber, Teresa Stanley
From 1980 to 2014, 87 persons drowned in New Zealand while attempting to rescue others; all incidents occurred in open water and most (80%) fatalities were male. While bystander rescue has been promoted as a way of preventing drowning, little is known about the knowledge base that informs potential rescuers. This study utilized a family water safety programme to promote a resource entitled the 4Rs of Aquatic Rescue. Participants (n = 174) completed a pre-intervention survey and were then provided with information and access to electronic resources on safe bystander rescue techniques...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604830/clustering-based-classification-of-road-traffic-accidents-using-hierarchical-clustering-and-artificial-neural-networks
#6
Madhar Taamneh, Salah Taamneh, Sharaf Alkheder
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been widely used in predicting the severity of road traffic crashes. All available information about previously occurred accidents is typically used for building a single prediction model (i.e., classifier). Too little attention has been paid to the differences between these accidents, leading, in most cases, to build less accurate predictors. Hierarchical clustering is a well-known clustering method that seeks to group data by creating a hierarchy of clusters. Using hierarchical clustering and ANNs, a clustering-based classification approach for predicting the injury severity of road traffic accidents was proposed...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604688/trends-in-helmet-use-by-motorcycle-riders-in-the-decades-following-the-repeal-of-mandatory-helmet-laws
#7
Jessica Laureano Phillips, Tiffany L Overton, Mackenzie Campbell-Furtick, Kaley Simon, Therese M Duane, Rajesh G Gandhi, Shahid Shafi
Several US states repealed universal motorcycle helmet laws in the 1990s and 2000s. The purpose of this study was to examine national trends in helmet use among adult trauma patients with motorcycle-related injuries. We hypothesized that motorcycle helmet use declined over time. We retrospectively analyzed the National Trauma Data Bank's National Sample Program for 2003-2010. We also obtained data on US motorcycle fatalities reported in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and population data from the U.S...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705100/chi-squared-statistics-of-association-and-homogeneity
#8
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705099/traffic-safety-research-the-unfinished-research-agenda
#9
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705098/list-of-reviewers-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333158/consequential-rather-than-significant-results
#11
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333157/estimation-of-injury-events-rates-and-risks-from-existing-databases
#12
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104789/developing-an-industry-oriented-safety-curriculum-using-the-delphi-technique
#13
Der-Fa Chen, Tsung-Chih Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chen, Shu-Hsuan Chang, Kai-Chao Yao, Chin-Wen Liao
In this study, we examined the development of industry-oriented safety degree curricula at a college level. Based on a review of literature on the practices and study of the development of safety curricula, we classified occupational safety and health curricula into the following three domains: safety engineering, health engineering, and safety and health management. We invited 44 safety professionals to complete a four-round survey that was designed using a modified Delphi technique. We used Chi-square statistics to test the panel experts' consensus on the significance of the items in the three domains and employed descriptive statistics to rank the participants' rating of each item...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082429/epidemiology-of-unintentional-drowning-in-a-metropolis-of-the-french-mediterranean-coast-a-retrospective-analysis-2000-2011
#14
Jacques Bessereau, Nathalie Fournier, Tarik Mokhtari, Pierre-Marie Brun, Agnalys Desplantes, Dominique Grassineau, Noël Guilhem, Fouzia Heireche, François Kerbaul, Julien Mancini, Daniel Meyran, Richard Toesca, François Topin, Michael Tsapis, Jean-Pierre Auffray, Pierre Michelet
Drowning affects more than 500,000 people worldwide and is responsible for at least 350,000 deaths each year. In France, 1235 drowning resulting in 496 deaths were recorded in the summer 2012. This retrospective study has investigated the epidemiology of drowning in the city of Marseille (South of France) between 2000 and 2011. We identified 449 cases of unintentional drowning. The highest incidence was found among males with a median age of 36 years. The incidence was 5.3 victims per 10,000 inhabitants with a mortality rate of 1...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26077876/investigation-of-adolescent-accident-predictive-variables-in-hilly-regions
#15
Malaya Mohanty, Ankit Gupta
The study aims to determine the significant personal and environmental factors in predicting the adolescent accidents in the hilly regions taking into account two cities Hamirpur and Dharamshala, which lie at an average elevation of 700--1000 metres above the mean sea level (MSL). Detailed comparisons between the results of 2 cities are also studied. The results are analyzed to provide the list of most significant factors responsible for adolescent accidents. Data were collected from different schools and colleges of the city with the help of a questionnaire survey...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26076731/adolescent-homicide-victimization-in-johannesburg-south-africa-incidence-and-epidemiological-characteristics-2001-2009
#16
Lu-Anne Swart, Mohamed Seedat, Juan Nel
This study describes the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of adolescent homicides (15-19 years) in Johannesburg, South Africa. A retrospective population-based study was conducted on cases drawn from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System. A total of 590 adolescent homicides were registered for 2001-2009 corresponding to an average annual homicide rate of 23.4/100,000. The average annual rate was 39.8/100,000 for males and 7.9/100,000 for females. Black and coloured adolescents had the highest homicide rates...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25997167/pattern-extraction-for-high-risk-accidents-in-the-construction-industry-a-data-mining-approach
#17
Mehran Amiri, Abdollah Ardeshir, Mohammad Hossein Fazel Zarandi, Elahe Soltanaghaei
Accidents involving falls and falling objects (group I) are highly frequent accidents in the construction industry. While being hit by a vehicle, electric shock, collapse in the excavation and fire or explosion accidents (group II) are much less frequent, they make up a considerable proportion of severe accidents. In this study, multiple-correspondence analysis, decision tree, ensembles of decision tree and association rules methods are employed to analyse a database of construction accidents throughout Iran between 2007 and 2011...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25952761/epidemiology-of-yoga-related-injuries-in-canada-from-1991-to-2010-a-case-series-study
#18
Kelly Russell, Shantel Gushue, Sarah Richmond, Steven McFaull
The aim is to describe the epidemiology of yoga injuries presenting to select Canadian emergency departments (EDs). Those who presented with a yoga injury to a Canadian ED participating in the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program and had completed a data collection form between 1991 and 2010 were included. Demographic and injury characteristics were tabulated and injury profiles of children were compared to adults. Sixty-six individuals (48 female, 18 male) who sustained 67 injuries were included...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25952682/hospitalized-fall-related-injury-trends-in-sweden-between-2001-and-2010
#19
Finn Nilson, Syed Moniruzzaman, Ragnar Andersson
Previous studies have indicated increasing trends of hospitalized fall-related injuries amongst elderly. Whether this is true also in Sweden is unknown though it is important to study considering the potential societal impact. Data were obtained regarding hospitalized injuries with falls as external cause among those aged 65 years and above with information on injury type, gender and age, on a yearly basis, from 2001 to 2010. Age- and sex-specific incidence rates were calculated (per 100,000 population) for all fall-related injuries, and for each injury type and trend lines were drawn...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25720318/computer-aided-human-factors-analysis-of-the-industrial-vehicle-driver-cabin-to-improve-occupational-health
#20
K Koushik Balaji, M S Alphin
Industrial vehicle operator's solace and safety have gained significant consideration because of the increment in occupational health issues and accidents. The purpose of this work was to amend the design of the excavator driver cabin through human factor analysis. Thirty operators of excavators who were serving as subjects, were interviewed and identified that their wrist, upper arm and trunk were at a higher risk level while operating. Photograph of the operators was taken and the work environment was simulated...
September 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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