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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118777/are-child-passenger-fatalities-and-child-passenger-severe-injuries-equally-affected-by-child-restraint-legislation-the-case-of-chile
#1
J I Nazif-Muñoz, J Falconer, A Gong
The objective of this study is to determine the contribution of Chile's 2005 child restraint legislation to the reduction of child passenger fatalities and severe injuries. We analysed motor vehicle injury and fatality data from Chile's National Road Safety Commission of the Ministry of Transport from 2000 to 2012 to determine the effect of Chile's 2005 mandatory child restraint legislation. Using interrupted time-series Poisson regression models, we assessed the effect of the law on two dependent variables: (1) number of child fatalities in car and (2) number of children severely injured...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118774/a-cost-analysis-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-west-nigeria
#2
Uduak Urua, Kayode Osungbade, Taiwo Obembe, Folashayo Adeniji
This study examines the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among road crash victims in a tertiary hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a purposive sampling method to obtain primary data. Interview was done with 266 RTI victims who were admitted to the University College Hospital, Ibadan and discharged between March and May, 2015, using a structured questionnaire. From the data obtained, the study carried out descriptive statistical analyses. The results showed that the average cost per patient for RTI treatment was ₦ 42,946 ($215...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118767/road-accidents-involving-bicycles-configurations-and-injuries
#3
Chiara Orsi, Cristina Montomoli, Dietmar Otte, Anna Morandi
This study analyzed the most common types of accident involving bicycles and compared the frequency of injuries. The data source was the database of German In-Depth Accident Study (GIDAS). Cases consist of bicycles and their riders involved in accidents between 2000 and 2010. In most collisions, the bicycle impacted with a car. The percentage of injured bicyclists was higher in collisions with a heavy vehicle and decreased when the bicycle impacted with lighter vehicles. A high percentage of injured bicyclists in single accidents was observed; the most severe injury was more frequently to head and extremities...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118766/development-of-crash-frequency-models-for-safety-promotion-of-urban-collector-streets
#4
Abolfazl Khishdari, Mehdi Fallah Tafti
The merits for development and application of crash frequency prediction models for safety promotion on any road type, with a focus on urban collector streets, are presented in this article. The city of Yazd, a medium-sized city in the middle of Iran, was selected as a case study and the data required for modelling crash frequencies along five collector streets comprising 31 street sections were collected. Six models including Poisson and negative binomial models and their deviations along with a hybrid artificial neural networks (ANN) model were developed to predict crash frequency along each street section...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118760/road-safety-perspectives-among-employees-of-a-multinational-corporation-in-urban-india-local-context-for-global-injury-prevention
#5
Sara F Jacoby, Flaura K Winston, Therese S Richmond
In rapidly developing economies, like urban India, where road traffic injury rates are among the world's highest, the corporate workplace offers a non-traditional venue for road safety interventions. In partnership with a major multinational corporation (MNC) with a large Indian workforce, this study aimed to elicit local employee perspectives on road safety to inform a global corporate health platform. The safety attitudes and behaviours of 75 employees were collected through self-report survey and focus groups in the MNC offices in Bangalore and Pune...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067128/study-of-kite-string-injuries-in-western-india
#6
Chetan Prajapati, Abhay Agrawal, Ravish Atha, Manav P Suri, Jayesh P Sachde, M F Shaikh
A prospective analysis of 104 patients (outdoor and indoor) with manja (powdered glass coated kite string) injury from January 2011 to January 2015 was carried out at Civil Hospital Ahmedabad. All patients were analysed for mode and severity of injury, site of injury, associated injuries, activity being performed when injury occurred, the clinical diagnosis and treatment required. Analysis of collected data revealed that majority of the injuries occurred while driving or in pedestrians with the neck being the most commonly affected body part...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067127/multiple-hypotheses-testing
#7
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067126/injury-prevention-counselling-in-the-primary-care-setting-revisited
#8
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796673/an-evaluation-of-the-red-light-camera-programme-in-the-city-of-dammam-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Mark Stevenson, Sayed Faruque, Abd Almajil, Muhammad Farhan, Brian Fildes, Brendan Lawrence
This study evaluated the effectiveness of red-light cameras in Dammam, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Two methods were used to assess changes in crash risk at the intersections at which the red-light camera programme had been operating. Geospatial analysis was used to visualize trends in road crash density over the geographical region of Dammam and a pre--post-camera crash analysis was undertaken. The distribution of injury crashes was greater than that of crashes which included property damage, the latter of which was concentrated around central Dammam...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787217/assessment-of-work-compatibility-across-employees-demographics-a-case-study
#10
S A Basha, J Maiti
'Work compatibility' (WC) is a multi-dimensional diagnostic tool for measuring human performance that affects safety performance of work force. There are a dearth of literature on the use of WC in industrial applications. In this study, the status of WC and its components across employees' demographics such as age, experience, designation and location of work were examined in a steel plant in India. Data on 119 employees collected using Demand-Energizer Instrument was analysed. The results revealed that supervisors perceive higher energizers, higher demands and low WC as compared to workers...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787067/injuries-and-their-burden-in-insured-construction-workers-in-iran-2012
#11
Seyed Esmaeil Hatami, Narges Khanjani, Seyed Mohammad Alavinia, Mohammad Reza Ghotbi Ravandi
The present study used disability adjusted life years (DALY) to estimate the burden of external cause of injuries in construction workers insured in Iran in 2012. The Global Burden of Disease method (2010) was used to estimate the years of life lost due to death (YLL) and years of life lost due to disability (YLD). DALY was calculated as the sum of YLL and YLD. There were 5352 injured construction workers in Iran (11.25 individuals per 1000). Falling was the most common incidence and included 2490 individuals (46...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26739953/a-decade-of-occupational-accidents-due-to-direct-or-indirect-electrical-contact-in-the-primary-secondary-and-tertiary-sectors-in-spain-2003-2012
#12
Juan Castillo-Rosa, Manuel Suárez-Cebador, Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero, Jose Antonio Aguado
Occupational accidents caused by electrical contact are a major concern worldwide due to their severe consequences. The study conducted is based on an analysis of the evolution of incidence rates and dependence between variables for 14,022 electrical accidents occurring in Spain between 2003 and 2012. The results show that electrical accidents as a whole are 3.6 times more likely to have severe consequences than the rest of the accidents in the country. This proportion is even nine times greater in the case of fatal accidents...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401723/a-study-of-the-effect-of-ohsas-18001-on-the-occupational-injury-rate-in-iran
#13
Abolfazl Ghahramani, Heikki Summala
The occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) has been a widely used approach for managing occupational health and safety more effectively worldwide. Despite the interest of organizations in implementing OHSMS in recent decades, few studies have examined the effectiveness of these interventions. This study presents an empirical investigation of the effect of occupational health and safety assessment series (OHSAS) 18001 as a worldwide-accepted OHSMS on the occupational injury rate (OIR) in Iran...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26274936/television-viewing-and-hostile-personality-trait-increase-the-risk-of-injuries
#14
Anthony Fabio, Chung-Yu Chen, Steven Dearwater, David R Jacobs, Darin Erickson, Karen A Matthews, Carlos Iribarren, Stephen Sidney, Mark A Pereira
Individuals with high levels of hostility may be more susceptible to the influence of television on violence and risk taking behaviors. This study aimed to examine whether hostile personality trait modifies the association between TV viewing and injuries. It is a prospective study of 4,196 black and white adults aged 23 to 35 in 1990/1. Cross-lagged panel models were analyzed at three 5-year time periods to test whether TV viewing predicted injuries. Covariates were gender, race, and education. Individuals who watched more TV (0 hours, 1-3 hours, 4-6 hours, and ≥7 hours) were more likely to have a hospitalization for an injury in the following 5 years across each of the three follow-up periods [OR = 1...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26239625/a-prospective-registry-evaluating-the-epidemiology-and-clinical-care-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-presenting-to-a-regional-referral-hospital-in-moshi-tanzania-challenges-and-the-way-forward
#15
Catherine A Staton, Daniel Msilanga, George Kiwango, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Luciano de Andrade, Rebecca Lester, Michael Hocker, Charles J Gerardo, Mark Mvungi
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of death and disability globally disproportionately affecting low- and middle-income countries where increasing injury rates are compounded by limited quality care. The objective of this study is to describe quality of care for TBI patients who presented to Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, Moshi, Tanzania. We evaluated a prospective quality improvement TBI registry that enrolled consecutive patients with acute TBI. Descriptive statistics and qualitative comparative analysis was performed...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26225888/drowning-deaths-among-anglers-are-waders-a-contributing-factor
#16
Lauren A Petrass, Jennifer D Blitvich, G Keith McElroy
Recreational fishing has been a popular activity for Australians over at least the past two centuries. While the use of waders for recreational fishing is widely adopted by participants, there is considerable speculation as to whether waders are contributing to fishing-related drowning deaths. This study involved a comprehensive search of peer-reviewed and grey literature to identify relevant information and a pilot investigation in a swimming pool to understand the accuracy of the currently available information...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26176824/a-risk-based-decision-support-framework-for-selection-of-appropriate-safety-measure-system-for-underground-coal-mines
#17
Chitrasen Samantra, Saurav Datta, Siba Sankar Mahapatra
In the context of underground coal mining industry, the increased economic issues regarding implementation of additional safety measure systems, along with growing public awareness to ensure high level of workers safety, have put great pressure on the managers towards finding the best solution to ensure safe as well as economically viable alternative selection. Risk-based decision support system plays an important role in finding such solutions amongst candidate alternatives with respect to multiple decision criteria...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26176681/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-family-physicians-and-nurses-regarding-unintentional-injuries-among-children-under-15-years-in-cairo-egypt
#18
Shereen Elboray, Mohamed Yehia Elawdy, Sahar Dewedar, Nahla Abo Elezz, Maged El-Setouhy, Gordon S Smith, Jon Mark Hirshon
Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death among children, especially in developing countries. Lack of reliable data regarding primary health care professionals' role in childhood unintentional injury prevention hinders the development of effective prevention strategies. A survey of 99 family physicians and nurses from 10 family health centres sought to develop insight into their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding unintentional injury prevention for children <15 in Cairo, Egypt. Approximately, 60% were familiar with the terms unintentional injuries and injury prevention...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26167639/modelling-safety-of-gantry-crane-operations-using-petri-nets
#19
Karmveer Singh, Navneet Raj, S K Sahu, R K Behera, Sobhan Sarkar, J Maiti
Being a powerful tool in modelling industrial and service operations, Petri net (PN) has been extremely used in different domains, but its application in safety study is limited. In this study, we model the gantry crane operations used for industrial activities using generalized stochastic PNs. The complete cycle of operations of the gantry crane is split into three parts namely inspection and loading, movement of load, and unloading of load. PN models are developed for all three parts and the whole system as well...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105510/safety-concerns-related-to-modular-prefabricated-building-construction
#20
Maryam Mirhadi Fard, Seyyed Amin Terouhid, Charles J Kibert, Hamed Hakim
The US construction industry annually experiences a relatively high rate of fatalities and injuries; therefore, improving safety practices should be considered a top priority for this industry. Modular/prefabricated building construction is a construction strategy that involves manufacturing of the whole building or some of its components off-site. This research focuses on the safety performance of the modular/prefabricated building construction sector during both manufacturing and on-site processes. This safety evaluation can serve as the starting point for improving the safety performance of this sector...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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