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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718705/power-curves
#1
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701104/a-document-analysis-of-drowning-prevention-education-resources-in-the-united-states
#2
Adam Bradley Katchmarchi, Andrea R Taliaferro, Hannah Joy Kipfer
There have been long-standing calls to better educate the public at large on risks of drowning; yet limited evaluation has taken place on current resources in circulation. The purpose of this qualitative research is to develop an understanding of the content in currently circulated drowning prevention resources in the United States. Data points (n = 451) consisting of specific content within 25 different drowning prevention educational resources were analyzed using document analysis methods; a grounded theory approach was employed to allow for categorical development and indexing of the data...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701100/intervention-analysis-of-the-safety-effects-of-a-legislation-targeting-excessive-speeding-in-canada
#3
Suliman A Gargoum, Karim El-Basyouny
Excessive speeding is a major traffic safety concern consequently, numerous countermeasures have been considered to mitigate this problem. Excessive speeding, street racing and stunt driving activities subject all road users to extreme risk. To address this problem, three Canadian provinces introduced severe sanctions against drivers who exceed speed limits by high margins. Under the laws offenders were subject to immediate license suspension and vehicle impoundment. In this paper, intervention analysis of the collision data from the three provinces was conducted to identify the safety effects of the legislation...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693406/assessment-of-the-road-safety-performance-of-four-roundabouts-in-kumasi-ghana
#4
Shaibu Bawa, James Damsere-Derry
Upgrade of the Ejisu-Kumasi section of the N6 saw the construction of roundabouts at selected intersections. Their use appears challenging particularly for vehicles with elevated Centre-of-Gravity. The objective of this study was to establish the relative risk of traffic accident deaths or hospitalized injuries at the roundabouts. Five-year crash data covering a 100 m stretch upstream and downstream of the roundabouts were analysed. A total of 119 crashes occurred with 18% casualty hospitalization and 12%fatalities...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691578/a-hybrid-clustering-and-classification-approach-for-predicting-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-roads
#5
Seyed Hessam-Allah Hasheminejad, Mohsen Zahedi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad
As a threat for transportation system, traffic crashes have a wide range of social consequences for governments. Traffic crashes are increasing in developing countries and Iran as a developing country is not immune from this risk. There are several researches in the literature to predict traffic crash severity based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector machines and decision trees. This paper attempts to investigate the crash injury severity of rural roads by using a hybrid clustering and classification approach to compare the performance of classification algorithms before and after applying the clustering...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691568/burden-pattern-and-causes-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-bhutan-2013-2014-a-police-record-review
#6
Chador Wangdi, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Duba, Ewan Wilkinson, Zaw Myo Tun, Jaya Prasad Tripathy
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major cause of death and injury globally. There was little information on the burden and causes of RTAs in Bhutan. The study estimates the burden and characteristics of RTAs and describes the victims of RTAs in Bhutan. A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted analysing police case records. In 2013-2014, 1866 accidents resulted in 1143 injuries and 157 deaths. We identified 39% more deaths from RTAs than that submitted to WHO in 2013 as the 30-day mortality. The main causes were careless driving and drunk-driving...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689461/factors-associated-with-child-passenger-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-cambodia
#7
Hasan S Merali, Abdulgafoor M Bachani
This study examines factors associated with child passenger helmet use in five Cambodian provinces. We performed an analysis of periodic roadside observations of helmet use over a four-year period. A total of 62,039 child passengers 12 years of age and younger met inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. Overall, 1369 (2.1%) of child passengers were observed to be wearing a helmet. Most significantly, children were six times more likely to wear a helmet if the driver was wearing a helmet (OR 6...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678659/drowning-prevention-a-key-concern-for-researchers-and-major-health-bodies
#8
Samuel N Forjuoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675092/introducing-experiment-in-pedestrian-behaviour-and-risk-perception-study-at-urban-level-crossing
#9
Danijela Barić, Hrvoje Pilko, Martin Starčević
Given the high risk of severe accidents at level crossings (LCs), this study examined legal and illegal crossings by pedestrians and cyclists at a high-traffic LC in Zagreb, Croatia. Survey data and field observations were collected to identify reasons for risky behaviour. Behaviour was observed under normal conditions and in the presence of various safety measures in order to identify measures that can reduce risky behaviour. Results show that the presence of police officer at the LC was most effective at reducing illegal crossings, while the presence of cameras contributes significantly as well, especially after safety educational campaign when illegal crossing decreases for 59...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675090/unsafe-cycling-behaviours-and-near-crashes-among-italian-cyclists
#10
Víctor Marín Puchades, Luca Pietrantoni, Federico Fraboni, Marco De Angelis, Gabriele Prati
This study investigates the direct and indirect effect of three types of unsafe behaviours (i.e. errors, generic violations and smartphone-specific violations) on the likelihood of near crashes and actual crashes among Italian cyclists. We considered smartphone-specific violations as a different unsafe behaviour subtype that enhances the probability of committing errors, thus increasing the likelihood of being involved in near crashes. Furthermore, we hypothesized that near crashes will predict actual crashes...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675063/joinpoint-regression-analysis-to-evaluate-traffic-public-health-policies-by-national-temporal-trends-from-2000-to-2015
#11
Beatriz Nistal-Nuño
In the past 16 years, a variety of factors might have impacted traffic accidents in Chile. In order to identify and quantify differential rates of change over time this study employed a novel analytic method to assess temporal trends in traffic morbi-mortality. Overall death and injury rates and associated to alcohol per 100,000 inhabitants were monitored between 2000 and 2015. Joinpoint regression was used to calculate annual percent changes (APCs) and average APCs. Permutation tests were used to determine joinpoints...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675060/exploring-clinical-metrics-to-assess-the-health-impact-of-traffic-injuries
#12
Sara Ferreira, Marco Amorim, António Couto
In order to allow a deep knowledge of the nonfatal injuries, recently the European Commission adopted the maximum abbreviated injury scale classification which is based on medical diagnosis. This classification will open the door to a new source of information based on international hospital data such as diagnosis-related group and international classification of diseases. In this study, we seek to explore these clinical metrics, which are used to describe the diagnosis and the medical treatment, and to infer consequences of crashes mainly through the costs and severity...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508713/investigation-of-the-reasons-for-not-using-helmet-among-motorcyclists-in-kerman-iran
#13
Aliasghar Maghsoudi, Dariush Boostani, Manoochehr Rafeiee
This study was carried out to investigate reasoning and interpretation of motorcyclists for not using helmet utilizing qualitative methodology of 'grounded theory'. The field of the study was Kerman, a cultural-historical city at the south-east of Iran. Participants were 21 young male motorcyclists. Two sampling strategies were used: maximum variation and snowball sampling. To collect data, in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted. Data analysis yielded seven categories: fatalism; a barrier to social relationships; peer group pressure and negative labelling; messing up the appearance; disturbance in hearing and vision; barrier to normal breathing; and heaviness and superfluity of helmet...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498037/do-parental-decision-making-patterns-predict-compliance-with-use-of-child-booster-seats
#14
Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Rosa Gofin, Anna C Kienski Woloski Wruble, Leon Mann
Booster seat use for 4-9 year olds remains the lowest of all age groups in many countries. The objective of this study is to examine whether parents' decision-making patterns, as measured by the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, relate to car booster seat use. Israeli parents of 4-7 years old children (n = 398) answered a questionnaire about car safety and decision-making habits. Ninety per cent of parents reported having a booster seat; 70.5% reported consistent booster seat use in general and on short drives during the last month (booster seat use compliance index)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492100/data-mining-in-road-crash-analysis-the-context-of-developing-countries
#15
Md Asif Raihan, Moinul Hossain, Tanweer Hasan
The recent advancements in the field of data mining have made vast progress in extracting new information and hidden patterns from large datasets which are often overlooked by the traditional statistical approaches. These methods focus on searching for new and interesting hypothesis which were previously unobserved. Road safety researchers working with the crash data from developed world have seen encouraging success in obtaining new insight into crash mechanism through data mining. An attempt was made in this study to apply these advance methods and evaluate their performance in manifesting crash causes for Bangladesh...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452290/european-injury-prevention-conference-amsterdam-21-22-september-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452289/road-traffic-injury-among-child-motorcyclists-in-vientiane-capital-laos-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-hospital-based-injury-surveillance-database
#17
Tomoki Wada, Shinji Nakahara, Bouasone Bounta, Kheuamai Phommahaxay, Vanhnasith Phonelervong, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Mayfong Mayxay, Tavanh Manivong, Phisith Phoutsavath, Masao Ichikawa, Akio Kimura
This study investigated the distribution of motorcyclists, including drivers and passengers, who were involved in road traffic crashes and admitted to hospital in Vientiane Capital, Laos. The focus was on child motorcycle drivers and passengers under 15 years. A hospital-based injury surveillance database in Vientiane Capital was used. The surveillance was performed in two hospitals. From 1 September to 31 December 2009, 3968 patients were admitted to the participating hospitals with road traffic injuries. Patients under 15 years accounted for 10...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323870/prevalence-of-traffic-rule-infractions-in-cali-colombia-at-sites-where-injury-crashes-occurred
#18
G S Gómez-Salazar, F J Bonilla-Escobar, F J Morales-Quintero, A Fandiño-Losada, J Santaella, G Gonzalez, M I Gutierrez
This study aim to determine the proportion of traffic rule infractions in Cali, Colombia, in places where a road traffic injury (RTI) occurred. Description of videotaping of sites where a person was injured in an RTI in 2009. Counts of road users and infractions were established for each road user group and were compared using a Z-test. They were found 13,491 users, distributed as follow: 8.9% were pedestrians, 4.6% cyclists, 24.6% motorcyclists, and 61.8% were automobile drivers. The most frequent traffic violation among motorcyclists was transiting on lines designated for other vehicles (55...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184136/study-on-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-in-a-sample-of-iranian-drivers
#19
Ramin Arvin, Mostafa Khademi, Hesamoddin Razi-Ardakani
The use of cell phone is a significant source of driver distraction. Phone use while driving can impair a number of factors critical for safe driving which can cause serious traffic safety problems. The objective of this paper was to investigate the frequency of using cell phones while driving in Iran's roads through an observational survey with a random sample of drivers, to recognize contributing factors to cell phone usage and to understand the magnitude of the problem. A total of 1794 observations were collected from 12 sites at controlled intersections, entrance and exit points of highways...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142286/non-seatbelt-use-and-associated-factors-among-passengers
#20
Guang-Ming Han
Seatbelt use is the most effective way to save lives and reduce severe injuries. However, the percentage of non-seatbelt use is still high among drivers and passengers. Although the factors related to non-seatbelt use among drivers have been widely studied, the factors associated with non-seatbelt use among passengers have not been well documented. In addition, recent surveys showed that the driver's attitude has a significant impact on the passenger's seatbelt use. However, the lower response rate and less accurate of self-reported seatbelt use in survey studies, especially among participants who had a high level perception of penalty for non-seatbelt use...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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