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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119871/missingness
#1
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853326/which-set-of-factors-contribute-to-increase-the-likelihood-of-pedestrian-fatality-in-road-crashes
#2
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
This study aimed to explore the combination of factors and circumstances that could increase the likelihood of a pedestrian crash to be fatal. Six pedestrian crash clusters identified in our previous study on 34,178 crashes occurred in Iran, were employed in the current work and the association rules technique was used as the analysis tool. Based on the results, jaywalking or waiting beside the road on poorly illuminated locations of those segments of rural roads that pass through residential/agricultural districts substantially increased the fatality risk of pedestrian (Lift = 3...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853321/investigation-of-contributing-factors-to-extremely-severe-traffic-crashes-using-survival-theory
#3
Chengcheng Xu, Jie Bao, Pan Liu, Wei Wang
This study aimed to investigate the contributing factors to serious casualty crashes in China. Crashes with deaths greater than 10 people are defined as serious casualty crashes in China. The serious casualty crash data were collected from 2009 to 2014. The random forest analysis was first conducted to select the candidate variables that affect the risks of serious casualty crashes. The Bayesian random parameters accelerated failure time (AFT) model was then developed to link the probability of the serious casualty crash with road geometric conditions, pavement conditions, environmental characteristics, collision characteristics, vehicle conditions, and driver characteristics...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853316/effect-of-electromagnetic-field-accompanying-the-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-human-heart-rate-variability%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-pilot-study
#4
Arkadiusz Derkacz, Jakub Gawrys, Karolina Gawrys, Maciej Podgorski, Agnieszka Magott-Derkacz, Rafał Poreba, Adrian Doroszko
The effect of electromagnetic field on cardiovascular system in the literature is defined in ambiguous way. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of electromagnetic field on the heart rate variability (HRV) during the examination with magnetic resonance. Forty-two patients underwent Holter ECG heart monitoring for 30 minutes twice: immediately before and after the examination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). HRV was analysed by assessing a few selected time and spectral parameters. Is has been shown that standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and very low frequency rates increased, whereas the low frequency:high frequency parameter significantly decreased following the MRI examination...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690735/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-motorcycle-injuries-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Miguel Araujo, Eduardo Illanes, Evelina Chapman, Eugênia Rodrigues
Globally, 49% of deaths from traffic crashes occur among vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists. Approximately, a quarter of those killed are motorcyclists. The authors carried out a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent motorcycle crashes and the associated morbidity and mortality. The studies included in this review provide evidence for the effectiveness of helmet use, protective clothing, training, and penalties for alcohol consumption and speeding in preventing injury and death to motorcyclists...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686813/patterns-of-pre-hospital-events-and-management-of-motorcycle-related-injuries-in-a-tropical-setting
#6
Olufunso Simisola Aduayi, Victor Adovi Aduayi, Edward Oluwole Komolafe
This study sought to highlight associated factors and evaluate outcomes of motorcycle-related injuries (MCRI) among adults managed in a university teaching hospital in south-western Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 150 adult patients presenting with MCRI at the adult accident and emergency unit of the hospital. Information on the use of helmet, alcohol intake, number of pillion passengers, type of collision and time of arrival at hospital was collected. Patients were followed up and questionnaires were completed after discharge, referral or death...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633347/the-4rs-of-aquatic-rescue-educating-the-public-about-safety-and-risks-of-bystander-rescue
#7
Kevin Moran, Jonathon Webber, Teresa Stanley
From 1980 to 2014, 87 persons drowned in New Zealand while attempting to rescue others; all incidents occurred in open water and most (80%) fatalities were male. While bystander rescue has been promoted as a way of preventing drowning, little is known about the knowledge base that informs potential rescuers. This study utilized a family water safety programme to promote a resource entitled the 4Rs of Aquatic Rescue. Participants (n = 174) completed a pre-intervention survey and were then provided with information and access to electronic resources on safe bystander rescue techniques...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604830/clustering-based-classification-of-road-traffic-accidents-using-hierarchical-clustering-and-artificial-neural-networks
#8
Madhar Taamneh, Salah Taamneh, Sharaf Alkheder
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been widely used in predicting the severity of road traffic crashes. All available information about previously occurred accidents is typically used for building a single prediction model (i.e., classifier). Too little attention has been paid to the differences between these accidents, leading, in most cases, to build less accurate predictors. Hierarchical clustering is a well-known clustering method that seeks to group data by creating a hierarchy of clusters. Using hierarchical clustering and ANNs, a clustering-based classification approach for predicting the injury severity of road traffic accidents was proposed...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387854/home-related-injuries-among-under-five-year-children-and-mothers-care-regarding-injury-prevention-in-rural-areas
#9
Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Maryam Afshari, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei
This cross-sectional study was conducted in rural areas of Twiserkan (Toyserkan) County, in Iran, to assess factors associated with home-related injuries among under-five-year children and their mothers' care regarding injury prevention. Mothers who had their under-five-year-old children injured within a 12-month period were identified from recorded information in Twiserkan Health Center. Then, data were gathered using pre-tested questionnaire and through interview with injured children's mothers. The questions were about characteristics of the children's injuries and their mothers' care regarding injury prevention, using PRECEDE (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation) model with focus on knowledge and attitude; enabling and reinforcing factors; and mothers' preventive behaviours...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384971/injury-related-hospitalizations-in-2002-and-2012-in-a-mexican-rural-hospital-differences-between-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-inpatients
#10
Joel Monárrez-Espino, Adrián de la Maza Stahl, Luz María Tejada Tayabas, Andrés Balleza Carreón, Lucie Laflamme
Data are lacking on the extent and distribution of injuries in rural areas. This study aimed at comparing injury-related hospitalizations between 2002 and 2012 at a rural hospital of northern Mexico focusing on differences between indigenous (IP) and non-indigenous patients (NIP). A retrospective design based on the review of records of patients hospitalized with injury diagnoses was used. Information extracted included ethnicity, sex, age, hospital duration, surgical procedures, complications and discharge outcome...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378544/drowning-among-the-lakeside-fishing-communities-in-uganda-results-of-a-community-survey
#11
Olive Kobusingye, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Joseph Magoola, Lynn Atuyambe, Olakunle Olange
The study aimed to determine the drowning burden in four Ugandan lakeside districts; the prevalence of life jacket use, and community knowledge and attitudes regarding water safety. Subjects were recruited as they disembarked from boats. A structured questionnaire was used for demographics, experience on water, details of incidents in water, and awareness of drowning prevention measures. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews were held. The study interviewed 544 participants; 81.1% male, 86...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378437/constant-supervision-of-bathing-in-french-public-swimming-pools-an-unrealistic-regulatory-requirement
#12
Élie Vignac, Pascal Lebihain, Bastien Soulé
In France, to prevent drowning accidents in public swimming pools (PSPs), bathing must be constantly supervised by qualified staff. However, fatal drowning regularly occurs in supervised aquatic facilities. A review of the literature shows that human supervision is a complex task. The aim of this research is to fully assess the periods during which supervision is not carried out, or carried out in an inadequate manner. The observations made in 108 French PSPs show that supervision is not carried out 18% of the time and that it is carried out inadequately 33% of the time...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282919/environmental-risk-factors-contributing-to-traffic-accidents-in-children-a-case-control-study
#13
Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Ali Moradi, Reza Majdzadeh
The aim of this study is to identify environmental risk factors related to road accidents in children of Tehran. This case-control study was performed in 2013. The cases were injured pedestrians aged 5-15 who were admitted to major hospitals supervised by Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The sample size for the cases was 273 and for the control group was 546. For the completeness of the clusters, 7 extra persons in case (total = 280) and 14 persons (total = 560) in control group were included. The interference of confounding variables assessed through forward conditional logistic regression...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184215/analysis-of-occupational-health-hazards-and-associated-risks-in-fuzzy-environment-a-case-research-in-an-indian-underground-coal-mine
#14
Chitrasen Samantra, Saurav Datta, Siba Sankar Mahapatra
This paper presents a unique hierarchical structure on various occupational health hazards including physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial hazards, and associated adverse consequences in relation to an underground coal mine. The study proposes a systematic health hazard risk assessment methodology for estimating extent of hazard risk using three important measuring parameters: consequence of exposure, period of exposure and probability of exposure. An improved decision making method using fuzzy set theory has been attempted herein for converting linguistic data into numeric risk ratings...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166178/analyses-of-non-fatal-accidents-in-an-opencast-mine-by-logistic-regression-model-a-case-study
#15
Seyhan Onder, Mert Mutlu
Accidents cause major damage for both workers and enterprises in the mining industry. To reduce the number of occupational accidents, these incidents should be properly registered and carefully analysed. This study efficiently examines the Aegean Lignite Enterprise (ELI) of Turkish Coal Enterprises (TKI) in Soma between 2006 and 2011, and opencast coal mine occupational accident records were used for statistical analyses. A total of 231 occupational accidents were analysed for this study. The accident records were categorized into seven groups: area, reason, occupation, part of body, age, shift hour and lost days...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165860/safety-evaluation-model-of-urban-cross-river-tunnel-based-on-driving-simulation
#16
Yingqi Ma, Linjun Lu, Jian John Lu
Currently, Shanghai urban cross-river tunnels have three principal characteristics: increased traffic, a high accident rate and rapidly developing construction. Because of their complex geographic and hydrological characteristics, the alignment conditions in urban cross-river tunnels are more complicated than in highway tunnels, so a safety evaluation of urban cross-river tunnels is necessary to suggest follow-up construction and changes in operational management. A driving risk index (DRI) for urban cross-river tunnels was proposed in this study...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165724/epidemiology-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-drowning-patients-attended-by-paramedics-in-victoria-australia
#17
Bernadette L Matthews, Emily Andrew, Robert Andronaco, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
Drowning is a major cause of injury and death worldwide. This study aims to expand the evidence in fatal and non-fatal drowning. A retrospective study was conducted to investigate fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents attended by ambulance paramedics in Victoria (Australia) from 2007 to 2012. A total of 509 drowning incidents were identified, 339 (66.6%) were non-fatal, with 170 (33.4%) resulting in death. Children aged 0-4 years had the highest crude drowning rate (7.95 per 100,000 persons). Non-fatal incidents were more likely to be witnessed by a bystander when compared with fatal incidents (43...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142223/beach-safety-education-for-primary-school-children
#18
Jeff Wilks, Harry Kanasa, Donna Pendergast, Ken Clark
Childhood drowning remains a serious public health problem worldwide. The Australian Water Safety Council has set as one of its highest priorities the reduction of drowning deaths in children aged 0-14 years. However, concerns have recently been raised that many students completing primary school still lack the ability to recognize potential aquatic risks, cope with emergencies or assist someone else in danger. In this study, 107 primary school children aged 11-12 completed a one day training programme led by surf lifesaving instructors...
September 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718705/power-curves
#19
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701104/a-document-analysis-of-drowning-prevention-education-resources-in-the-united-states
#20
Adam Bradley Katchmarchi, Andrea R Taliaferro, Hannah Joy Kipfer
There have been long-standing calls to better educate the public at large on risks of drowning; yet limited evaluation has taken place on current resources in circulation. The purpose of this qualitative research is to develop an understanding of the content in currently circulated drowning prevention resources in the United States. Data points (n = 451) consisting of specific content within 25 different drowning prevention educational resources were analyzed using document analysis methods; a grounded theory approach was employed to allow for categorical development and indexing of the data...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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