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International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422055/occupants-seatbelt-use-are-related-to-vehicle-type-and-usage-on-a-ghanaian-university-campus
#1
Thomas K Ojo, William Agyemang
Seat belt use does not only save lives but prevents the severity of injuries in road traffic crashes (RTCs). Vehicle type and usage have been found to influence the use of seat belt in cities like Kumasi, the host of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) campus. This paper presents a study on an un-obstructive survey of seat belt use by vehicle occupants entering and leaving KNUST campus through the four entrances from 7 to 9 am and 3 to 5 pm on five weekdays. A total of 5489 vehicles with 9542 occupants comprising 5489 drivers, front-right and first back seat and second back seat passengers were observed...
November 13, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328751/regression-poisson
#2
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251597/gender-and-age-distribution-of-motorcycle-crashes-in-spain
#3
Sergio Hidalgo-Fuentes, Ma Josefa Sospedra-Baeza
This study analysed motorcycle crashes in Spain. Ninety-nine thousand three hundred and four motorcycle crash reports filed in the years 2006-2011 were extracted from the Directorate General of Traffic database of crashes with victims. These data were analysed in terms of gender, age groups, trip purpose, type of crash, speed violation, day of the week, harm caused, use of helmet and psychophysical conditions of the driver to study the characteristics of motorcycle crashes in Spain and to assess the differences between male and female motorcycle drivers in these crashes...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251595/quality-assessment-of-major-trauma-registry-of-navarra-completeness-and-correctness
#4
Bismil Ali Ali, Rolf Lefering, Tomas Belzunegui Otano
This study assessed the completeness of the Major Trauma Registry of Navarra (MTR-N) data and their concordance with the patients' medical files. It retrospectively reviewed all the MTR-N cases documented in June and July of 2014 and 2015. For each case, 42 parameters' values were taken from the MTR-N. To assess concordance between the MTR-N and medical files, the same variables values were re-recorded. Data completeness was calculated for all cases and data correctness for those documented in the MTR-N, separately for each variable...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251588/costs-of-unintentional-injuries-among-children-in-an-urban-slum-community-in-kampala-city-uganda
#5
Trasias Mukama, Charles Ssemugabo, Abdullah Ali Halage, Dustin G Gibson, Nino Paichadze, Rawlance Ndejjo, John Ssempebwa, Olive Kobusingye
Unintentional injuries cause deaths, disabilities, productivity and financial losses and disproportionately affect children in low-income settings yet their cost remains under studied. This study determined the household out-of-pocket expenditure and missed school attendance due to unintentional childhood injuries in a Ugandan slum. We used a cross-sectional household survey design. Data were collected on occurrence and associated costs of unintentional injuries during a one-year period from July 2014 to June 2015...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239269/bathtub-drowning-mortality-among-older-adults-in-japan
#6
Wan-Hua Hsieh, Chien-Hsing Wang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
We examined the bathtub drowning mortality among older adults in Japan. Mortality data from Japan and 30 other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries were extracted from World Health Organization Cause of Death Query Online. During 2012-2014, unintentional drowning mortality rates in Japan were 9.5, 28.2 and 39.7 per 100,000 population for adults aged 65-74, 75-84 and ≥85 years, respectively-rates highest among the 31 OECD countries. In total, 6377 older adults aged ≥65 years died from unintentional drowning in 2014, of which 4857 (76%) deaths involved bathtubs...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239263/morbidity-and-mortality-from-road-traffic-crashes-in-children-in-metro-west-city-of-cape-town-2014
#7
Zulfah Albertyn, Shanaaz Mathews, David Coetzee, Arjan Bastiaan Van As
The road traffic crash injury burden significantly impacts the lives of South African children. This study aimed to assess the fatal and non-fatal pattern of road traffic crash injury of children under 13 years old from Metro West, City of Cape Town, from 1 January until 31 December 2014. The data were stratified by age, sex and mechanism of road traffic crash. The overall mortality rate was 8.7 per 100 000 population and pedestrians contributed the most to this burden (72.5%). There were more male children involved in a road traffic crash (p = 0...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173600/erratum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134764/road-safety-determinants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Mohamed Dhibi
The objective of this article is to summarize and review the literature on the determinants of road traffic injuries and fatalities, to identify the relevant research gaps in particular for low and middle income countries. We also present a cross-country analysis of the determinants of road traffic injuries and fatalities that take into account a wide range of potential environmental, economic and social factors. The present study focused on differences based on the level of development. The goal was to identify relevant commonalities that may assist in the creation of road safety policies common to countries at a similar level of development...
August 23, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969387/regression-binary-logistic
#10
Shrikant I Bangdiwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969374/infrastructure-designs-and-traffic-safety-the-road-to-vision-zero
#11
Geetam Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460672/effects-of-distance-and-rescue-time-to-medical-facilities-on-traffic-mortality-utilizing-gis
#12
Wei Hu, Qiao Dong, Baoshan Huang
Although supported by little scientific evidence, the concept of 'golden hour,' which claims that mortality for trauma patients rises significantly over rescue time, plays a vital role in the design of our current trauma system. Only the contrary results could be found by using Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from 2010 to 2012. The results of logistic regression showed that longer total time intervals were associated with lower traffic mortality, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.993 per minute. Utilizing the closest facility solver in the Geographic Information System, the effect of 'reverse causation' and the difference between trauma centre and non-trauma centre on the time-mortality relationship were discussed...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431033/hotspots-of-road-traffic-crashes-in-a-redeveloping-area-of-shanghai
#13
Xiuqin Chen, Limei Huang, Dajun Dai, Meiying Zhu, Kezhi Jin
To identify high-risk locations (hotspots) of road traffic crashes (RTC) in a redeveloping area of Shanghai, for formulating relevant countermeasures in similar areas. After geocoding the crash locations on electronic map, assessment of spatial clustering of accidents and hotspots spatial densities was conducted following Moran's I method, the kernel density estimation, the Ripley's K-function and the network-based kernel density estimation (NKDE). A total of 21,679 RTC incidents resulting in 24,147 victims were recorded from 2010 to 2012...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415611/safety-features-of-freeway-weaving-segments-with-a-buffer-separated-high-occupancy-vehicle-hov-lane
#14
Kwangho Kim, Byung-Jung Park
This paper investigates the crash-rate distribution of the freeway weaving segments with a buffer-separated high-occupancy-vehicle lane. For this purpose, crash, traffic and geometry data were extracted from various sources. These extracted data were either spatially or spatiotemporally matched with one another, and used for both descriptive and model-based analyses. The descriptive analysis revealed that crash-rate distributions of the weaving segments depend not only on the class of the subject highway but also on the presence of an access point...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415609/built-environment-analysis-for-road-traffic-hotspot-locations-in-moshi-tanzania
#15
Meredith Waldon, Treasure Joelson Ibingira, Luciano de Andrade, Blandina T Mmbaga, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Mark Mvungi, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) cause significant morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Investigation of high risk areas for RTIs is needed to guide improvements. This study provides built environmental analysis of road traffic crash hotspots within Moshi, Tanzania. Spatial analysis of police data identified 36 hotspots. Qualitative comparative analysis revealed 40% of crash sites were on local roads without night lighting and increased motorcycle density. Paved narrow roads represented 26% of hotspots and 13% were unpaved roads with uneven roadsides...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411680/road-traffic-crashes-and-built-environment-analysis-of-crash-hotspots-based-on-local-police-data-in-galle-sri-lanka
#16
Vijitha De Silva, Hemajith Tharindra, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Luciano Andrade, Badra Chandanie Mallawaarachchi, Truls Østbye, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a leading cause of death and disability. In low- and middle-income countries, vulnerable road users are commonly involved in injurious RTCs. This study describes epidemiological and built environment analysis (BEA) of in Galle, Sri Lanka. After ethical and police permission, police data were collected and descriptive statistics tabulated. Spatial analysis identified hot spots and BEA was conducted at each location. Seven hundred and fifty-two victim data from 389 reported RTCs were collected...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400597/parental-perceptions-of-child-placement-within-vehicles-a-focus-group-study
#17
Andrea L Huseth-Zosel
Although rear-seating children in motor vehicles results in fewer injuries and fatalities in motor vehicle crashes, many children continue to be front-seated. This study seeks to identify parental barriers to rear-seating children in motor vehicles and strategies to increase child rear seat placement. Focus groups were conducted with parents of children 12 or younger to determine barriers to rear seating and strategies to increase child rear seat placement. Barriers to rear seat placement identified include the logistics of transporting multiple children with limited rear seat availability, the potential of children to harm themselves if rear-seated, and peer pressure...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400122/factors-associated-with-urban-non-fatal-road-accident-severity
#18
Dimitris Potoglou, Fabio Carlucci, Andrea Cirà, Marialuisa Restaino
This paper reports on the factors associated with non-fatal urban-road accident severity. Data on accidents were gathered from the local traffic police in the City of Palermo, one of the six most populated cities in Italy. Findings from a mixed-effects logistic-regression model suggest that accident severity increases when two young drivers are involved, road traffic conditions are light/normal and when vehicles crash on a two-way road or carriageway. Speeding is more likely to cause slight or serious injury even when compared to a vehicle moving towards the opposite direction of traffic...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282994/hierarchical-clustering-analysis-framework-of-mutually-exclusive-crash-causation-parameters-for-regional-road-safety-strategies
#19
Avijit Maji, Nagendra R Velaga, Yohan Urie
Hierarchical clustering analysis framework is developed to identify benchmark and critical regions for effective road safety strategies. The regions are grouped based on agglomeration coefficient of mutually exclusive crash causation parameters. Subsequently, regions from groups with lower than a threshold index value are selected as benchmark for the poorly performing critical counterparts. Euclidean distance-based Ward's, median and centroid clustering techniques are explored through a case study of Indian states and Union Territories...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853326/which-set-of-factors-contribute-to-increase-the-likelihood-of-pedestrian-fatality-in-road-crashes
#20
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
This study aimed to explore the combination of factors and circumstances that could increase the likelihood of a pedestrian crash to be fatal. Six pedestrian crash clusters identified in our previous study on 34,178 crashes occurred in Iran, were employed in the current work and the association rules technique was used as the analysis tool. Based on the results, jaywalking or waiting beside the road on poorly illuminated locations of those segments of rural roads that pass through residential/agricultural districts substantially increased the fatality risk of pedestrian (Lift = 3...
September 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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