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International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare

Peter M Sinclair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Kerrie Westaway, Oliver Frank, Russell Shute, Anna Moffat, Vanessa LeBlanc, Debra Rowett, Natalie Blacker, Elizabeth Roughead
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are often managed inappropriately with antipsychotic medicines. The TOP 5 program, which involves recording up to five relevant and meaningful tips that assist in personalizing care for the person with dementia, has been tested in the hospital setting and transitions of care in Australia, and has been found to be useful. Our study aimed to adapt the TOP 5 program as a strategy to support people with dementia in a primary care setting and to test the acceptability of our adapted TOP 5 program materials...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Vanitha Arumugam, Joy C MacDermid, Dave Walton, Ruby Grewal
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals involved in pain management come from different disciplines, which may have different perspectives and training about evidence-based practice (EBP). A common concern for health professionals is pain management. Understanding how different professions involved in pain management view EBP forms the ideal context to study professional differences in EPP, and how this might influence pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare different professions with respect to knowledge, attitudes and self-reported behavior toward EBP...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Austin Jorski, Jared Scott, Trace Heavener, Matt Vassar
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the current recommendations and requirements of gastroenterology and hepatology journals concerning reporting guidelines and clinical trial registration. Current research on the topic is sparse and in need of further research in both clinical trial registration and guideline adherence. METHODS: The authors performed a review of journal protocols and 'Instructions for Authors' regarding guideline adherence and trial registration requirements within 30 gastroenterology and hepatology journals...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Zachary Munn, Cindy Stern, Kylie Porritt, Craig Lockwood, Edoardo Aromataris, Zoe Jordan
The Joanna Briggs Institute Model of evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) states that the main phases of EBHC include evidence synthesis, transfer, and implementation. There has been some confusion regarding the term 'evidence transfer', with this term previously being considered by many as synonymous with knowledge or evidence translation. The aim of this paper is to discuss a proposed definition of evidence transfer and the pivotal role it plays as part of the EBHC process. 'Evidence transfer' can be thought of simply as getting the message (evidence) across and at its core it is all about information delivery...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Zoe Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Chang Xu, Suhail A R Doi
AIM: Dose-response meta-analysis has been widely employed in evidence-based decision-making. Currently, the most popular approach is the one or two-stage generalized least squares for trend model. This approach however has some drawbacks, and therefore, we compare the latter with a one-stage robust error meta-regression (REMR) model, based on inverse variance weighted least squares regression and cluster robust error variances for dealing with the synthesis of correlated dose-response data from different studies...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Ritin Fernandez, Catalin Tufanaru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Suhail A R Doi, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Lukman Thalib, Jan J Barendregt
Each year up to 20 000 systematic reviews and meta-analyses are published whose results influence healthcare decisions, thus making the robustness and reliability of meta-analytic methods one of the world's top clinical and public health priorities. The evidence synthesis makes use of either fixed-effect or random-effects statistical methods. The fixed-effect method has largely been replaced by the random-effects method as heterogeneity of study effects led to poor error estimation. However, despite the widespread use and acceptance of the random-effects method to correct this, it too remains unsatisfactory and continues to suffer from defective error estimation, posing a serious threat to decision-making in evidence-based clinical and public health practice...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Susan Bellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Martin Mayer
AIM: A crucial element of evidence-based healthcare is the sound understanding and use of statistics. As part of instilling sound statistical knowledge and practice, it seems useful to highlight instances of unsound statistical reasoning or practice, not merely in captious or vitriolic spirit, but rather, to use such error as a springboard for edification by giving tangibility to the concepts at hand and highlighting the importance of avoiding such error. This article aims to provide an instructive overview of two key statistical concepts: effect modification and P values...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Parkhide Hassani, Alireza Abdi, Rostam Jalali, Nader Salari
INTRODUCTION: Clinical competency has been the main focus of nurse educational systems. To further it, the concept of intuition was introduced into nursing in the 1970s. Benner's theory proposed that greater use of intuition was linked to higher clinical competence; however, there is still a paucity of data to verify this theory. Therefore, the current study was conducted to assess the relationship between the use of intuition in clinical practice and the clinical competence of critical care nurses...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Miftah A Beshir, Solomon A Woreta, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to patient care based on the best available and valid evidence. It is accentuated to increase the quality of care and patient safety. EBP in clinical service is low in developing countries including Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing EBP and associated factors among health professionals in North Gondar Administrative Zone hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was carried out from March to May 2015 in three hospitals in North Gondar Zone...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Manal M Al-Sutari, Muayyad M Ahmad
OBJECTIVES: To implement an educational program for patients with heart failure and to assess its effectiveness on self-care behaviors and health outcomes (frequency of hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and deaths). METHODS: A comparative-experimental design was used. A total of 144 participants were randomized into the intervention group (who received individualized education session, self-care manual, and weekly phone calls) and the control group (who received usual care)...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Ruth C-A Teh, Renuka Visvanathan, Damith Ranasinghe, Anne Wilson
AIM: To evaluate clinicians' perspectives, before and after clinical implementation (i.e. trial) of a handheld health information technology (HIT) tool, incorporating an iPad device and automatically generated visual cues for bedside display, for falls risk assessment and prevention in hospital. METHODS: This pilot study utilized mixed-methods research with focus group discussions and Likert-scale surveys to elicit clinicians' attitudes. The study was conducted across three phases within two medical wards of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Hosein Shabaninejad, Saeide Alidoost, Bahram Delgoshaei
AIM: To analyse the evidence regarding indicators affected by clinical pathways (CPW) in hospitals and offer suggestions for conducting comprehensive systematic reviews. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review and searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, OVID, Science Direct, ProQuest, EMBASE and PubMed. We also reviewed the reference lists of included studies. The criteria for inclusion of studies included experimental and quasi-experimental studies, implementing CPW in secondary and tertiary hospitals and investigating at least one indicator...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Trace Heavener, Jesse Richards, Haley Bird, Matt Vassar
AIM: In systematic reviews and meta-analyses, variation (heterogeneity) in the primary studies is often a concern resulting from factors such as study design, data analysis methods, study quality, settings and interventions and/or patient characteristics. After determining the extent of heterogeneity, authors examine the causes of heterogeneity via sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and/or meta-regression analysis. There is no assessment of heterogeneity practices in gastroenterological literature; thus, we present this assessment...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Donna Preston, Thi N M Nguyen, Renuka Visvanathan, Anne Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is vital for health, and undernutrition can compromise physical and mental wellbeing. The prevalence of undernutrition among older community-dwelling adults attending general practice in Australia is not readily known. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition of the elderly in Australian general practice, to assess malnutrition-related factors and to describe the older people's perception about nutrition...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Meseret A Wassie, Atinkut A Zeleke, Berihun A Dachew, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Healthcare and clinical laboratory practices are constantly evolving, leading a need for evidence-based practice (EBP) among all laboratory professionals. However, EBP among laboratory professionals has not yet been studied in Ethiopia. AIMS: This study aimed to determine EBP and associated factors among medical laboratory professionals in West Amhara hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An analytic and descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in West Amhara hospitals from February to March 2014...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
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