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International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare

Peter Grantcharov, Shushmita Ahmed, Katarzyna Wac, Homero Rivas
BACKGROUND: Research and history have largely shown the covert billion-dollar global market of single-use medical device (SUD) reprocessing and reuse to be a safe endeavor, but awareness and perceptions of the practice both within and outside of healthcare have received limited attention. METHODS: Responses for patients, physicians, and medical practitioners were attained on both online and article-based surveys, in which attitudes and perceptions of SUD reprocessing and reuse were expressed in an assortment of closed-ended questions and partially closed-ended questions...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Luke Burgess, Kathryn Kynoch, Sonia Hines
BACKGROUND: Triage is the process by which emergency departments (EDs) sort patients presenting for medical treatment. The Australasian Triage Scale, validated to measure urgency, answers the question 'This patient should wait for medical assessment and treatment no longer than…' Multiple patients may present within short time frames, and some will have conditions that have outcomes directly related to timeliness of treatment such as stroke, sepsis and myocardial infarction. The safety of patients within the ED is thus directly related to the triage system...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Emma Pagnamenta, Victoria L Joffe
AIM: To carry out an audit of the quantity and content of research teaching on UK preregistration speech and language therapy (SLT) degree programmes. METHOD: Lecturers delivering research teaching from each higher education institution providing preregistration training were invited to complete an online survey. QUESTIONS INCLUDED: Amount of research teaching, content of research teaching (including final-year projects), perceived confidence by staff of graduates in research awareness, research activity and leading research...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Hanan Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Vanitha Arumugam, Joy C MacDermid, Dave Walton, Ruby Grewal
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals involved in pain management come from different disciplines, which may have different perspectives and training about evidence-based practice (EBP). A common concern for health professionals is pain management. Understanding how different professions involved in pain management view EBP forms the ideal context to study professional differences in EPP, and how this might influence pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare different professions with respect to knowledge, attitudes and self-reported behavior toward EBP...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Kerrie Westaway, Oliver Frank, Russell Shute, Anna Moffat, Vanessa LeBlanc, Debra Rowett, Natalie Blacker, Elizabeth Roughead
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are often managed inappropriately with antipsychotic medicines. The TOP 5 program, which involves recording up to five relevant and meaningful tips that assist in personalizing care for the person with dementia, has been tested in the hospital setting and transitions of care in Australia, and has been found to be useful. Our study aimed to adapt the TOP 5 program as a strategy to support people with dementia in a primary care setting and to test the acceptability of our adapted TOP 5 program materials...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Austin Jorski, Jared Scott, Trace Heavener, Matt Vassar
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the current recommendations and requirements of gastroenterology and hepatology journals concerning reporting guidelines and clinical trial registration. Current research on the topic is sparse and in need of further research in both clinical trial registration and guideline adherence. METHODS: The authors performed a review of journal protocols and 'Instructions for Authors' regarding guideline adherence and trial registration requirements within 30 gastroenterology and hepatology journals...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Zachary Munn, Cindy Stern, Kylie Porritt, Craig Lockwood, Edoardo Aromataris, Zoe Jordan
The Joanna Briggs Institute Model of evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) states that the main phases of EBHC include evidence synthesis, transfer, and implementation. There has been some confusion regarding the term 'evidence transfer', with this term previously being considered by many as synonymous with knowledge or evidence translation. The aim of this paper is to discuss a proposed definition of evidence transfer and the pivotal role it plays as part of the EBHC process. 'Evidence transfer' can be thought of simply as getting the message (evidence) across and at its core it is all about information delivery...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Ruth C-A Teh, Renuka Visvanathan, Damith Ranasinghe, Anne Wilson
AIM: To evaluate clinicians' perspectives, before and after clinical implementation (i.e. trial) of a handheld health information technology (HIT) tool, incorporating an iPad device and automatically generated visual cues for bedside display, for falls risk assessment and prevention in hospital. METHODS: This pilot study utilized mixed-methods research with focus group discussions and Likert-scale surveys to elicit clinicians' attitudes. The study was conducted across three phases within two medical wards of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Trace Heavener, Jesse Richards, Haley Bird, Matt Vassar
AIM: In systematic reviews and meta-analyses, variation (heterogeneity) in the primary studies is often a concern resulting from factors such as study design, data analysis methods, study quality, settings and interventions and/or patient characteristics. After determining the extent of heterogeneity, authors examine the causes of heterogeneity via sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and/or meta-regression analysis. There is no assessment of heterogeneity practices in gastroenterological literature; thus, we present this assessment...
June 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Ruth Teh, Edward Janus
AIMS: Reducing potentially avoidable hospital readmissions has been the target of several healthcare initiatives, including the readmission prevention team (RAPT) at Western Health, Melbourne. Study aims were to evaluate if the revised LACE (length of stay, acuity of admission, Charlson Comorbidity Index, emergency department visits in the past 6 months) index would identify high risk of early readmission (≤30 days postdischarge), and if postdischarge clinic and community services follow-up would reduce readmission rate...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Suhail A R Doi, Jan J Barendregt
Indirect comparison methods are used to measure the effect of two treatments that were each compared against a similar control group in a meta-analysis. The network meta-analysis method extends this to multiple treatments which are assessed simultaneously. Currently, there exist Bayesian and multivariate modelling approaches to these analyses, but these are computationally intensive and rely on assumptions that may not be valid in practice. Here we introduce a generalized pairwise modelling (GPM) framework for network meta-analysis, so named as it is based on the repeated application of adjusted indirect comparisons, also known as the Bucher method...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Jan J Barendregt, Suhail A R Doi
Detection of publication and related biases remains suboptimal and threatens the validity and interpretation of meta-analytical findings. When bias is present, it usually differentially affects small and large studies manifesting as an association between precision and effect size and therefore visual asymmetry of conventional funnel plots. This asymmetry can be quantified and Egger's regression is, by far, the most widely used statistical measure for quantifying funnel plot asymmetry. However, concerns have been raised about both the visual appearance of funnel plots and the sensitivity of Egger's regression to detect such asymmetry, particularly when the number of studies is small...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Karolina Lisy, Jared M Campbell, Catalin Tufanaru, Sandeep Moola, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease are noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) that cause extensive social and economic burden worldwide, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. There is growing recognition of the importance of the disabilities that individuals experience as a consequence of these NCDs. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examined the prevalence of disabilities associated with cancer, CVD, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Peter M Sinclair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Zoe Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Hosein Shabaninejad, Saeide Alidoost, Bahram Delgoshaei
AIM: To analyse the evidence regarding indicators affected by clinical pathways (CPW) in hospitals and offer suggestions for conducting comprehensive systematic reviews. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review and searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, OVID, Science Direct, ProQuest, EMBASE and PubMed. We also reviewed the reference lists of included studies. The criteria for inclusion of studies included experimental and quasi-experimental studies, implementing CPW in secondary and tertiary hospitals and investigating at least one indicator...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Donna Preston, Thi N M Nguyen, Renuka Visvanathan, Anne Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is vital for health, and undernutrition can compromise physical and mental wellbeing. The prevalence of undernutrition among older community-dwelling adults attending general practice in Australia is not readily known. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition of the elderly in Australian general practice, to assess malnutrition-related factors and to describe the older people's perception about nutrition...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
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