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International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697501/preregistration-research-training-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-nationwide-audit-of-quantity-content-and-delivery
#1
Emma Pagnamenta, Victoria L Joffe
AIM: To carry out an audit of the quantity and content of research teaching on UK preregistration speech and language therapy (SLT) degree programmes. METHOD: Lecturers delivering research teaching from each higher education institution providing preregistration training were invited to complete an online survey. QUESTIONS INCLUDED: Amount of research teaching, content of research teaching (including final-year projects), perceived confidence by staff of graduates in research awareness, research activity and leading research...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664758/redeveloping-the-jbi-model-of-evidence-based-healthcare
#2
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634597/identifying-and-targeting-patients-with-predicted-30-day-hospital-readmissions-using-the-revised-lace-index-score-and-early-postdischarge-intervention
#3
Ruth Teh, Edward Janus
AIMS: Reducing potentially avoidable hospital readmissions has been the target of several healthcare initiatives, including the readmission prevention team (RAPT) at Western Health, Melbourne. Study aims were to evaluate if the revised LACE (length of stay, acuity of admission, Charlson Comorbidity Index, emergency department visits in the past 6 months) index would identify high risk of early readmission (≤30 days postdischarge), and if postdischarge clinic and community services follow-up would reduce readmission rate...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621039/a-generalized-pairwise-modelling-framework-for-network-meta-analysis
#4
Suhail A R Doi, Jan J Barendregt
Indirect comparison methods are used to measure the effect of two treatments that were each compared against a similar control group in a meta-analysis. The network meta-analysis method extends this to multiple treatments which are assessed simultaneously. Currently, there exist Bayesian and multivariate modelling approaches to these analyses, but these are computationally intensive and rely on assumptions that may not be valid in practice. Here we introduce a generalized pairwise modelling (GPM) framework for network meta-analysis, so named as it is based on the repeated application of adjusted indirect comparisons, also known as the Bucher method...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621038/a-new-improved-graphical-and-quantitative-method-for-detecting-bias-in-meta-analysis
#5
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Jan J Barendregt, Suhail A R Doi
Detection of publication and related biases remains suboptimal and threatens the validity and interpretation of meta-analytical findings. When bias is present, it usually differentially affects small and large studies manifesting as an association between precision and effect size and therefore visual asymmetry of conventional funnel plots. This asymmetry can be quantified and Egger's regression is, by far, the most widely used statistical measure for quantifying funnel plot asymmetry. However, concerns have been raised about both the visual appearance of funnel plots and the sensitivity of Egger's regression to detect such asymmetry, particularly when the number of studies is small...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608458/the-prevalence-of-disability-among-people-with-cancer-cardiovascular-disease-chronic-respiratory-disease-and-or-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#6
Karolina Lisy, Jared M Campbell, Catalin Tufanaru, Sandeep Moola, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease are noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) that cause extensive social and economic burden worldwide, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. There is growing recognition of the importance of the disabilities that individuals experience as a consequence of these NCDs. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examined the prevalence of disabilities associated with cancer, CVD, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517509/interventions-for-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-restless-legs-syndrome
#7
Peter M Sinclair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266035/leveraging-expertise-partnerships-for-evidence-based-practice
#8
Zoe Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176429/identifying-and-classifying-indicators-affected-by-performing-clinical-pathways-in-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#9
Hosein Shabaninejad, Saeide Alidoost, Bahram Delgoshaei
AIM: To analyse the evidence regarding indicators affected by clinical pathways (CPW) in hospitals and offer suggestions for conducting comprehensive systematic reviews. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review and searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, OVID, Science Direct, ProQuest, EMBASE and PubMed. We also reviewed the reference lists of included studies. The criteria for inclusion of studies included experimental and quasi-experimental studies, implementing CPW in secondary and tertiary hospitals and investigating at least one indicator...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#10
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084014/nutrition-and-the-community-dwelling-older-person-a-pilot-study-in-general-practice
#11
Donna Preston, Thi N M Nguyen, Renuka Visvanathan, Anne Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is vital for health, and undernutrition can compromise physical and mental wellbeing. The prevalence of undernutrition among older community-dwelling adults attending general practice in Australia is not readily known. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition of the elderly in Australian general practice, to assess malnutrition-related factors and to describe the older people's perception about nutrition...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937412/evidence-based-practice-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-laboratory-professionals-in-west-amhara-hospitals-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Meseret A Wassie, Atinkut A Zeleke, Berihun A Dachew, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Healthcare and clinical laboratory practices are constantly evolving, leading a need for evidence-based practice (EBP) among all laboratory professionals. However, EBP among laboratory professionals has not yet been studied in Ethiopia. AIMS: This study aimed to determine EBP and associated factors among medical laboratory professionals in West Amhara hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An analytic and descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in West Amhara hospitals from February to March 2014...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863029/requirements-for-trial-registration-and-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines-in-critical-care-journals-a-meta-epidemiological-study-of-journals-instructions-for-authors
#13
Matthew T Sims, Jake X Checketts, Cole Wayant, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the policies of critical care journals with regard to guideline adoption and clinical trial registration to understand the extent to which journals use these mechanisms to improve reporting practices. METHODS: The current study's sample comprised 37 critical care journals cataloged in the Expanded Science Citation Index of the 2015 Journal Citation Reports and Google Scholar Metrics h5-index critical care subcategory...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759503/nursing-and-midwifery-use-perceptions-and-barriers-to-evidence-based-practice-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Margaret Fry, Jutharat Attawet
AIM: The study aimed to explore how nurses and midwives obtain, use and embed evidence in everyday practice. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional survey method. The setting was one local health district in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. All nurses and midwives working within the local health district, with access to an email account, were invited to participate in the study. An online survey questionnaire was distributed to explore how evidence is obtained, used and embedded within the clinical setting...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723702/reducing-falls-in-the-inpatient-hospital-setting
#15
Catherine M Melin
AIM: This quality improvement project's objective was to introduce and assess a process change to potentially reduce fall rates on an inpatient medical-surgical unit. METHODS: The Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice was used to guide the implementation of this project. This project was piloted over a 3-month period from October to December 2016 on a 38-bed medical-surgical unit at a community-based hospital in the southeastern United States. Prior to the implementation of this quality improvement project, staff received falls education using a modified pre-existing falls prevention protocol, with a focus on increasing the consistency of bed/chair alarm use for patients identified as being at risk for falling...
March 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432396/gathering-tips-from-carers-to-support-people-with-dementia-an-adaptation-of-the-top-5-program-for-community-use
#16
Kerrie Westaway, Oliver Frank, Russell Shute, Anna Moffat, Vanessa LeBlanc, Debra Rowett, Natalie Blacker, Elizabeth Roughead
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are often managed inappropriately with antipsychotic medicines. The TOP 5 program, which involves recording up to five relevant and meaningful tips that assist in personalizing care for the person with dementia, has been tested in the hospital setting and transitions of care in Australia, and has been found to be useful. Our study aimed to adapt the TOP 5 program as a strategy to support people with dementia in a primary care setting and to test the acceptability of our adapted TOP 5 program materials...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432397/attitudes-knowledge-and-behaviors-related-to-evidence-based-practice-in-health-professionals-involved-in-pain-management
#17
Vanitha Arumugam, Joy C MacDermid, Dave Walton, Ruby Grewal
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals involved in pain management come from different disciplines, which may have different perspectives and training about evidence-based practice (EBP). A common concern for health professionals is pain management. Understanding how different professions involved in pain management view EBP forms the ideal context to study professional differences in EPP, and how this might influence pain management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare different professions with respect to knowledge, attitudes and self-reported behavior toward EBP...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369075/reporting-guideline-and-clinical-trial-registration-requirements-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-journals
#18
Austin Jorski, Jared Scott, Trace Heavener, Matt Vassar
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the current recommendations and requirements of gastroenterology and hepatology journals concerning reporting guidelines and clinical trial registration. Current research on the topic is sparse and in need of further research in both clinical trial registration and guideline adherence. METHODS: The authors performed a review of journal protocols and 'Instructions for Authors' regarding guideline adherence and trial registration requirements within 30 gastroenterology and hepatology journals...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300202/evidence-transfer-ensuring-end-users-are-aware-of-have-access-to-and-understand-the-evidence
#19
Zachary Munn, Cindy Stern, Kylie Porritt, Craig Lockwood, Edoardo Aromataris, Zoe Jordan
The Joanna Briggs Institute Model of evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) states that the main phases of EBHC include evidence synthesis, transfer, and implementation. There has been some confusion regarding the term 'evidence transfer', with this term previously being considered by many as synonymous with knowledge or evidence translation. The aim of this paper is to discuss a proposed definition of evidence transfer and the pivotal role it plays as part of the EBHC process. 'Evidence transfer' can be thought of simply as getting the message (evidence) across and at its core it is all about information delivery...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251651/the-robust-error-meta-regression-method-for-dose-response-meta-analysis
#20
Chang Xu, Suhail A R Doi
AIM: Dose-response meta-analysis has been widely employed in evidence-based decision-making. Currently, the most popular approach is the one or two-stage generalized least squares for trend model. This approach however has some drawbacks, and therefore, we compare the latter with a one-stage robust error meta-regression (REMR) model, based on inverse variance weighted least squares regression and cluster robust error variances for dealing with the synthesis of correlated dose-response data from different studies...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
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