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International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300202/evidence-transfer-ensuring-end-users-are-aware-of-have-access-to-and-understand-the-evidence
#1
Zachary Munn, Cindy Stern, Kylie Porritt, Craig Lockwood, Edoardo Aromataris, Zoe Jordan
The Joanna Briggs Institute Model of evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) states that the main phases of EBHC include evidence synthesis, transfer, and implementation. There has been some confusion regarding the term 'evidence transfer', with this term previously being considered by many as synonymous with knowledge or evidence translation. The aim of this paper is to discuss a proposed definition of evidence transfer and the pivotal role it plays as part of the EBHC process. 'Evidence transfer' can be thought of simply as getting the message (evidence) across and at its core it is all about information delivery...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266035/leveraging-expertise-partnerships-for-evidence-based-practice
#2
Zoe Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251651/the-robust-error-meta-regression-method-for-dose-response-meta-analysis
#3
Chang Xu, Suhail A R Doi
AIM: Dose-response meta-analysis has been widely employed in evidence-based decision-making. Currently, the most popular approach is the one or two-stage generalized least squares for trend model. This approach however has some drawbacks, and therefore, we compare the latter with a one-stage robust error meta-regression (REMR) model, based on inverse variance weighted least squares regression and cluster robust error variances for dealing with the synthesis of correlated dose-response data from different studies...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210809/evaluation-and-refinement-of-a-handheld-health-information-technology-tool-to-support-the-timely-update-of-bedside-visual-cues-to-prevent-falls-in-hospitals
#4
Ruth C-A Teh, Renuka Visvanathan, Damith Ranasinghe, Anne Wilson
AIM: To evaluate clinicians' perspectives, before and after clinical implementation (i.e. trial) of a handheld health information technology (HIT) tool, incorporating an iPad device and automatically generated visual cues for bedside display, for falls risk assessment and prevention in hospital. METHODS: This pilot study utilized mixed-methods research with focus group discussions and Likert-scale surveys to elicit clinicians' attitudes. The study was conducted across three phases within two medical wards of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176429/identifying-and-classifying-indicators-affected-by-performing-clinical-pathways-in-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#5
Hosein Shabaninejad, Saeide Alidoost, Bahram Delgoshaei
AIM: To analyse the evidence regarding indicators affected by clinical pathways (CPW) in hospitals and offer suggestions for conducting comprehensive systematic reviews. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review and searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, OVID, Science Direct, ProQuest, EMBASE and PubMed. We also reviewed the reference lists of included studies. The criteria for inclusion of studies included experimental and quasi-experimental studies, implementing CPW in secondary and tertiary hospitals and investigating at least one indicator...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176428/heterogeneity-assessment-in-gastroenterology-systematic-reviews-an-analysis-of-current-practices
#6
Trace Heavener, Jesse Richards, Haley Bird, Matt Vassar
AIM: In systematic reviews and meta-analyses, variation (heterogeneity) in the primary studies is often a concern resulting from factors such as study design, data analysis methods, study quality, settings and interventions and/or patient characteristics. After determining the extent of heterogeneity, authors examine the causes of heterogeneity via sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and/or meta-regression analysis. There is no assessment of heterogeneity practices in gastroenterological literature; thus, we present this assessment...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#7
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135533/understanding-propensity-scores
#8
Ritin Fernandez, Catalin Tufanaru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135532/meta-analysis-in-evidence-based-healthcare-a-paradigm-shift-away-from-random-effects-is-overdue
#9
Suhail A R Doi, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Lukman Thalib, Jan J Barendregt
Each year up to 20 000 systematic reviews and meta-analyses are published whose results influence healthcare decisions, thus making the robustness and reliability of meta-analytic methods one of the world's top clinical and public health priorities. The evidence synthesis makes use of either fixed-effect or random-effects statistical methods. The fixed-effect method has largely been replaced by the random-effects method as heterogeneity of study effects led to poor error estimation. However, despite the widespread use and acceptance of the random-effects method to correct this, it too remains unsatisfactory and continues to suffer from defective error estimation, posing a serious threat to decision-making in evidence-based clinical and public health practice...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084014/nutrition-and-the-community-dwelling-older-person-a-pilot-study-in-general-practice
#10
Donna Preston, Thi N M Nguyen, Renuka Visvanathan, Anne Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is vital for health, and undernutrition can compromise physical and mental wellbeing. The prevalence of undernutrition among older community-dwelling adults attending general practice in Australia is not readily known. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition of the elderly in Australian general practice, to assess malnutrition-related factors and to describe the older people's perception about nutrition...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902122/on-p-values-and-effect-modification
#11
Martin Mayer
AIM: A crucial element of evidence-based healthcare is the sound understanding and use of statistics. As part of instilling sound statistical knowledge and practice, it seems useful to highlight instances of unsound statistical reasoning or practice, not merely in captious or vitriolic spirit, but rather, to use such error as a springboard for edification by giving tangibility to the concepts at hand and highlighting the importance of avoiding such error. This article aims to provide an instructive overview of two key statistical concepts: effect modification and P values...
December 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937413/pharmacological-treatment-for-memory-disorder-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Susan Bellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937412/evidence-based-practice-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-laboratory-professionals-in-west-amhara-hospitals-northwest-ethiopia
#13
Meseret A Wassie, Atinkut A Zeleke, Berihun A Dachew, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Healthcare and clinical laboratory practices are constantly evolving, leading a need for evidence-based practice (EBP) among all laboratory professionals. However, EBP among laboratory professionals has not yet been studied in Ethiopia. AIMS: This study aimed to determine EBP and associated factors among medical laboratory professionals in West Amhara hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An analytic and descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in West Amhara hospitals from February to March 2014...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863087/framework-of-care-communicating-the-structure-and-processes-of-care
#14
Suzanne Robertson-Malt, Deborah Norton-Westwood
AIM: This article attempts to present a 'macro view' of the role and nature of an organization's Framework of Care (FrOC). This 'view' arises from a critical reflection on the available literature and the combined professional experience of the authors, who have worked in a variety of healthcare systems and settings in Australia, North America, United Kingdom, and the Middle East. BACKGROUND: FrOC can be defined as the systems and processes within an organization that structure the delivery of care...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777191/evidence-based-quality-improvement
#15
Hanan Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704279/assessing-healthcare-professionals-experiences-of-integrated-care-do-surveys-tell-the-full-story
#16
Matthew D Stephenson, Jared M Campbell, Karolina Lisy, Edoardo C Aromataris
BACKGROUND: Integrated care is the combination of different healthcare services with the goal to provide comprehensive, seamless, effective and efficient patient care. Assessing the experiences of healthcare professionals (HCPs) is an important aspect when evaluating integrated care strategies. AIMS: The aim of this rapid review was to investigate if quantitative surveys used to assess HCPs' experiences with integrated care capture all the aspects highlighted as being important in qualitative research, with a view to informing future survey development...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509811/implementation-of-a-new-method-to-track-propofol-in-an-endoscopy-unit
#17
Catherine Horvath
AIM: Propofol is a widely used anesthesia induction agent and is easily accessible in most healthcare facilities. Unlike regulated or schedule drugs, propofol is inconsistently tracked, leading to inaccurate inventories, incorrect billing, and unrecognized diversion. The goal of this project was to implement a new method of tracking propofol in a single setting, with the aim of accounting for 100% of the drug. METHODS: For two, 2-week observation periods, data were extracted from an automated medication management system or pharmacy inventory system, anesthesia records, and pharmacy billing sheets for cases in a Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopy Unit, and compared pre-implementation and post-implementation of a new tracking and accounting protocol...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509808/implementing-patient-information-for-gynae-oncology-patients-at-a-tertiary-referral-health-service
#18
Vicki Campbell, Kate Kynoch, Jacinta Tolmie, Carolyn Donges
AIM: To ensure that gynae-oncology surgical patients receive relevant written information, in their preferred format, and at a time that suits them, according to the best available evidence. METHODS: This project utilized an audit and feedback design and was conducted over a 9-month period from August 2015 to May 2016. Twenty-nine patients were audited prior to two strategies being implemented. The first strategy was a standardized e-mail letter to all patients (containing links to surgical information, cancer support websites and a short video introducing hospital staff, and the second was a discharge information sheet detailing wound care, signs of complications, actions to take and follow-up instructions...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448328/hospice-or-community-network-choices-in-end-of-life-care-in-jamaica
#19
Roger Lee Mendoza
AIM: Now considered a subspecialty of medicine and nursing, palliative care is a critical aspect of healthcare at the end of life. National and international healthcare agencies typically attribute its slow or haphazard growth in developing countries to various resource constraints. However, this study provides evidence of the substantial and widening gap between policy advocacy and patient choices in end-of-life care. It does so by establishing the incentives and risks that underlie decision-making by patients and providers against the relative scarcity of palliative care and hospices in these countries...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399014/physiotherapists-behaviour-attitudes-awareness-knowledge-and-barriers-in-relation-to-evidence-based-practice-implementation-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Mansour A Alshehri, Ahmed Alalawi, Hammad Alhasan, Emma Stokes
AIM: The implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is extremely important and plays a vital role in healthcare practice. There have been few studies concerning the level of healthcare provided to patients in Saudi Arabia, using EBP as an indicator. This study is aimed at investigating physiotherapists' behaviour, attitudes, awareness and knowledge about EBP, along with barriers that curb the implementation of EBP. METHODS: A sample of convenience was used and an online survey consisting of 14 closed-ended questions was given to both clinical and academic physiotherapists in Saudi Arabia from May to October 2016...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
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