journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Otolaryngology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510336/epistaxis-in-anticoagulated-patients-fewer-hospital-admissions-and-shorter-hospital-stays-on-rivaroxaban-compared-to-phenprocoumon
#1
Thomas C Sauter, Karim Hegazy, Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Meret E Riklin, Michael Nagler, Urs Borner, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of epistaxis in patients on anticoagulants is challenging and associated with higher admission rates and longer hospital stays compared to patients without anticoagulation. However, there is little information about epistaxis in patients taking new direct oral anticoagulants such as rivaroxaban compared to patients on traditional vitamin-K antagonists such as phenprocoumon. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted at the emergency department of the University Hospital Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498627/a-uk-community-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-rhinosinusitis
#2
Amtul S Sami, Glenis K Scadding, Peter Howarth
OBJECTIVES: There is limited information about the prevalence of rhinosinusitis in the UK community. This study aims to identify its prevalence and investigate any association with demographic variables. The secondary aims are to determine the degree of impairment, impact on quality of life and any costs incurred by patients. DESIGN: We used a modified version (MSNOT-20) of a quality of life instrument; the sinonasal outcome test -20 (SNOT-20), in a small and successful pilot project...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498517/health-utility-reporting-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#3
Jessica Bewick, Steve Morris, Claire Hopkins, Sally Erskine, Carl Philpott
OBJECTIVES: Direct comparison of different diseases allows clinicians and researchers to place the burden of symptoms and impact on quality of life of each condition in context. Generic health-related quality of life assessment tools allow such analysis, limited data is available for British patients with Chronic rhinosinusitis. DESIGN: As part of a larger feasibility study, patients underwent baseline assessment using the SNOT-22, SF-12 and EQ-5D-5L tools. Data was analysed using Microsoft excel and algorithms available for the analysis of the later 2 tools...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485112/the-genetics-of-cholesteatoma-a-systematic-review-using-narrative-synthesis
#4
Barbara A Jennings, Peter Prinsley, Carl Philpott, Gavin Willis, Mahmood F Bhutta
OBJECTIVE: A cholesteatoma is a mass of keratinising epithelium in the middle ear. It is a rare disorder that is associated with significant morbidity, and its causative risk factors are poorly understood; on a global scale up to a million people are affected by this each year. We have conducted a systematic literature review to identify reports about the heritability of cholesteatoma or any constitutional genetic factors that may be associated with its aetiology. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of MEDLINE (EBSCO) and 2 databases of curated genetic research (OMIM and Phenopedia) was conducted...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485088/determining-fitting-ranges-of-various-bone-conduction-hearing-aids
#5
Denise C P B M van Barneveld, Herman J W Kok, John F P Noten, Arjan J Bosman, Ad F M Snik
OBJECTIVES: To define fitting ranges for nine bone conduction devices (BCDs) over different frequencies based on the device's maximum power output (MPO) and to validate the assessment of MPO of bone conduction devices in the ear canal. BACKGROUND: MPO is an important characteristic when fitting bone conduction devices. It is the highest output level a device can deliver and is one of the major determinants of a device's fitting range. A skull simulator can be used to verify MPO of percutaneous bone conduction devices...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485064/revisits-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-retrospective-single-institution-study
#6
I-Sheng Chang, Kun-Tai Kang, Chia-Chen Tseng, Wen-Chin Weng, Tzu-Yu Hsiao, Pei-Lin Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu
OBJECTIVE: To investigated emergency room (ER) revisits and hospital readmissions following adenotonsillectomy (T&A) in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and correlations between SDB severity and ER revisits. DESIGN: Retrospective chart-review study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANT: 610 consecutive children underwent T&A for treating SDB. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SDB severity was defined according to the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) (primary snoring = AHI < 1; mild = AHI 1-5; moderate = AHI 5-10; and severe = AHI > 10)...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485038/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-validity-of-a-smartphone-otoscopy-device-in-screening-for-ear-disease-in-nepal
#7
R Mandavia, T Lapa, M Smith, M F Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss is a neglected international health problem. The greatest burden of ear disease is in low-income countries where there is also a lack of resources. In this context, screening for otological disease may be worthwhile. Cupris© has developed an otoscopy device that offers the possibility of low-cost mass screening in remote communities. We evaluated the validity of this device in diagnosing ear disease, and in determining whether referral to an ENT centre is warranted...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464522/objective-and-subjective-assessment-of-outcomes-after-sinus-surgery-in-sixty-patients
#8
Steffen Trebesch, Thomas Koch, Athanasia Warnecke, Thomas Lenarz, Stefan Stolle
Chronic rhinosinusitis is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases. Improving the objectivity of diagnosis without neglecting the subjective burden of disease may aid to an individualized treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with better outcomes. Several tests for the determination of the quality of life are available (1) . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 2, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464492/renewal-of-peritonsillar-abscess-impact-of-the-bacterial-species-of-the-infection-and-clinical-features-of-the-patient-prospective-comparative-aetiological-study
#9
Johanna Wikstén, Enni Kaltiainen, Anne Pitkäranta, Karin Blomgren
OBJECTIVES: To compare the bacterial species and patient clinical features in peritonsillar abscesses between patients who had renewal (renewal group) and those who did not (recovery group). DESIGN: Prospective comparative aetiological study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 180 adult peritonsillar abscess patients were prospectively collected and treated as outpatients with incision and drainage and oral antibiotics...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464441/current-studies-of-immunotherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
Volkan Dogan, Thorsten Rieckmann, Adrian Münscher, Chia-Jung Busch
BACKGROUND: Recently enormous progress in cancer therapy has been achieved by the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors. Activating the body's own immune system has added a novel and powerful therapeutic option for the treatment of melanoma and lung cancer. Furthermore, the potential use of immunotherapy is being extensively explored also in other malignancies. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes current clinical studies using immune checkpoint modulators for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNSCC)...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463440/patient-injuries-in-operative-rhinology-during-a-ten-year-period-review-of-national-patient-insurance-charts
#11
Karin Blomgren, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Lasse Lehtonen, Päivi Helmiö
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors contributing to patient injuries in operative rhinology. DESIGN: Data of the accepted patient injury claims involving operative rhinology, between the years 2001 and 2011, were obtained from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre registry. Two senior otolaryngologists analysed and evaluated the injury mechanisms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Analysis and classification of factors contributing to patient injuries. RESULTS: During the ten-year study period, there were 67 patient injuries in operative rhinology, comprising 36% of all patient injuries in otorhinolaryngologic surgery...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463432/temporal-patterns-of-patient-reported-trismus-and-associated-mouth-opening-distances-in-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Maria Thor, Caroline E Olsson, Jung Hun Oh, Johanna Hedström, Nina Pauli, Mia Johansson, Joseph O Deasy, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVES: To identify temporal patterns of patient-reported trismus during the first year post-radiotherapy, and to study their associations with maximal interincisal opening distances (MIOs). DESIGN: Single institution case series. SETTING: University hospital ENT clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety six subjects who received radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) with or without chemotherapy in 2007-2012 to total dose of 64...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444857/strategies-for-removing-a-worn-out-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-abutment-screw
#13
Yehuda Schwarz, Marco Bianchi, Aren Bezdjian, Sam J Daniel
First developed by Tjellström over 35 years ago, bone anchored hearing implants have been used effectively as a treatment for conductive or mixed hearing loss.(1) These devices have been implanted safely in adults and children with success rates of 90% or higher.(2) Nonetheless, bone anchored hearing implants present certain adverse effects most commonly related to soft tissue reaction, implant stability, failure to osseointegrate or due to trauma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434192/modified-ipswich-procedure-patient-perceived-benefit-and-surgical-outcomes-in-a-series-of-ten-patients
#14
Blazej Staniszewski, Richard Green, Graeme Sharpe, Paul White
Acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLO) causes symptoms of epiphora which can be associated with stickiness, dacryocystitis and interference with tear film causing visual blurring [1]. The annual incidence rate of NLO is 20 per 100,000, with the majority of patients being females above the age of 66 years [2]. While the aetiology is usually unknown, the site of obstruction is more commonly distal and invariably amenable to treatment by DCR surgery [3-4]. Proximal NLO at the level of the cancaliculi is less common but may still be treatable by extended DCR techniques including canalulostomy...
April 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429525/induction-chemotherapy-ict-followed-by-radiochemotherapy-for-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-as-an-individual-treatment-approach-feasibility-safety-and-retrospective-survival-analysis-in-twenty-three-patients
#15
C-J Busch, J Girke, S Tribius, L Bussmann, R Knecht, P Schafhausen, B B Lörincz, A Münscher
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with locoregionally advanced disease usually require multi-modality treatment including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Currently, cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) remains the gold-standard for these patients [1]. Induction chemotherapy (ICT) prior to definitive therapy is regarded as an effective approach to shrink locally advanced disease allowing more effective and less toxic therapy, to select patients for organ preservation, to improve radiotherapy effectiveness, and also to potentially decrease the risk of distant metastasis due to initial systemic exposure [2]...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429517/primary-laryngeal-sarcomas-in-a-mexican-population-case-series-of-eleven-cases
#16
Kuauhyama Luna-Ortiz, Sarina Navarro-Santiesteban, Veronica Villavicencio-Valencia, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernandez, Leonardo S Lino-Silva, Juan A Delgado
Sarcomas are mesenchymal tumors that represent 1% of malignant diseases in humans. Of these, 4-10% occur in the head and neck and only <1% occur in the larynx.(1) These groups of neoplasms have a wide range of histological variants and, accordingly, their clinical behavior varies widely, from slow-growing, relatively circumscribed tumors, to rapidly growing, locally invasive malignancies. In addition, the heterogeneity of the location of the laryngeal anatomic sub-sites require special therapeutic considerations...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429472/transoral-orthodromic-temporalis-muscle-transfer-technique-for-the-paralysed-midface-our-learning-curve-experience-from-the-first-10-cases
#17
Lepa Lazarova, Tristram H Lesser, Samuel C Leong
Sir Harold Gillies first described rotating a band of temporalis muscle over the zygoma where the muscle sling was augmented with strips of fascia lata to rehabilitate facial paralysis (1) . McLaughlin later modified this technique in the 1950s without inversion of the temporal muscle but in an orthodromic manner thus avoiding the soft tissue fullness over the zygomatic arch area and depression of the donor site (2) . Although several refinements of this technique have been described, all required skin incisions on the face until a transoral technique was described recently by this clinical group (3) ...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391653/clinical-case-series-describes-a-contraindication-for-serenocem-granules-%C3%A2-in-mastoid-obliteration-our-experience-in-sixty-four-patients
#18
Laura Harrison, Sonia Kumar, Matthew Bull, Paul V Hatton, Ian Bottrill, Christopher Aldren
Mastoid obliteration has been performed with various materials including muscle, fat, cartilage, musculoperiosteal flaps, chips and pâté(1) . Biocompatible materials used since the 1960s, have a number of potential advantages over autologous tissue. They are sterile, available off the shelf without the need for harvest and have a low risk of implanting cholesteatoma.
April 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391627/designing-implementing-and-assessing-a-new-formative-osce-for-ent-higher-surgical-trainees-our-experience-in-the-north-west-region
#19
Nicola Stobbs, Sadie Khwaja, Nadeem Khwaja, Nirmal Kumar
Currently Otolaryngology trainees have a six or seven year gap between formal summative assessments, which comprise of the Membership of the Royal College if Surgeons exams (MRCS) during core training and the Fellowship of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons exams (FRCS) at the end of higher surgical training. In between these examinations, trainees undergo formative Work-Place Based Assessments (WPBA) and a summative Annual Review of Competency and Progression (ARCP) however there are no other tests or formal assessments of knowledge and skills to ensure that they are developing and progressing at the required rate...
April 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374981/optimal-timing-for-nasal-fracture-manipulation-is-a-two-week-target-really-necessary-a-single-centre-retrospective-analysis-of-50-patients
#20
V Perkins, A Vijendren, M Egan, D McRae
Nasal bone fractures represent the most common isolated facial fracture and are involved in as many as 50% of facial fractures ((1)) . Its relative prominence in the centre of the face as well as its relatively thin, fragile structures makes it particularly susceptible to injury. Acute management is centred on restoring an aesthetically acceptable external nose with minimal airflow limitation. Conventional UK management typically involves assessment 5-7 days following injury, followed by closed reduction within two weeks, to avoid problems associated with fracture healing and bone remodelling ((2)) ...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
journal
journal
41050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"