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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

Aminata Séré, Adjima Bougma, Judicaël Thomas Ouilly, Mamadou Traoré, Hassane Sangaré, Anne Mette Lykke, Amadé Ouédraogo, Olivier Gnankiné, Imaël Henri Nestor Bassolé
BACKGROUND: Insects play an important role as a diet supplement in Burkina Faso, but the preferred insect species vary according to the phytogeographical zone, ethnic groups, and gender. The present study aims at documenting indigenous knowledge on edible insects in Burkina Faso. METHODS: A structured ethno-sociological survey was conducted with 360 informants in nine villages located in two phytogeographical zones of Burkina Faso. Identification of the insects was done according to the classification of Scholtz...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Bing Jin, Yujing Liu, Jiaxi Xie, Binsheng Luo, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Herbal tea is widely consumed in Jianghua, a Yao autonomous county in Hunan Province, China, to prevent and treat diseases. The materials in herbal tea at the traditional medicinal markets at the Dragon Boat Festival remain unknown. The aims of the paper were (1) to specifically investigate the materials of herbal tea used by Yao nationalities in Hunan Province, (2) to record the most common and the culturally important medicinal plant species in the markets, and (3) to compare the medical plant tradition both used for herbal tea between the Jianghua and Lingnan regions...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Sonali Hasmukh Chauhan, Santosh Yadav, Taro Takahashi, Łukasz Łuczaj, Lancelot D'Cruz, Kensuke Okada
BACKGROUND: Wild edibles continue to be a significant contributor to the global food basket in much of the developing world. A consensus has now been formed that information on wild edibles is an important part of ethnobotanical knowledge and hence elucidating region-specific patterns of habitat management and consumption assists policy making with regard to natural conservation, human nutrition, and human health. Using an original data set from Gujarat, India, the present research aims to document the collective knowledge of wild edibles possessed by the local Vasava tribe, as well as the habitat usage and consumption trends of these species...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Natasha Louise Constant, Milingoni Peter Tshisikhawe
BACKGROUND: Indigenous and local knowledge systems are characterised by a 'knowledge-practice-belief' complex that plays a critical role for biodiversity management and conservation on indigenous lands. However, few studies take into consideration the interconnected relationship between the social processes underpinning knowledge accumulation, generation and transmission. The study draws on ethnobotanical research to explore plant uses, practices and belief systems developed among the indigenous Vhavenda in South Africa for sustaining indigenous plant resources and highlights some of the forces of change influencing the acquisition and transmission of knowledge...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Muhammad Altaf, Muhammad Umair, Abdul Rauf Abbasi, Noor Muhammad, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Different species of animals are being utilized in traditional therapies by various cultures for a long time and such uses still exist in folk medicine. The present study aimed to document animal-based traditional therapies used by the local communities of Jhelum and Lahore districts of the Punjab province, Pakistan. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted in 2015-2016 in six different sites of the study areas. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and face to face conversation with local informants...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Wendy Francesconi, Vincent Bax, Genowefa Blundo-Canto, Simon Willcock, Sandra Cuadros, Martha Vanegas, Marcela Quintero, Carlos A Torres-Vitolas
BACKGROUND: Wildlife has been traditionally used by forest communities as a source of protein, and the Peruvian Amazon is no exception. The articulation of colonist and indigenous communities to urban centers and markets results in changes in livelihood strategies and impacts on wildlife populations. To address the threat of overhunting and forest conversion, we provide a generalized characterization of colonist and indigenous communities and their hunting activities near Pucallpa, Ucayali, Peru...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Rubén Casas Reátegui, Lukas Pawera, Pablo Pedro Villegas Panduro, Zbynek Polesny
BACKGROUND: Insects are known to be able to provide valuable nutrients to indigenous populations across the Amazon. However, studies on traditional insect use in the Peruvian Amazon are scarce. This study documents edible insect diversity and characterizes their food and collection patterns in eight Awajún communities in the Peruvian Amazon. Additionally, we reviewed what has been known to date about the nutrient composition of the documented species. METHODS: The survey was conducted among the Awajún populations living in the Huampami, Paisa, Achu, and Tseasim communities in the Cenepa district and the Shijap, San Mateo, Kusu, and Listra communities in the Imaza district...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Joelle Toffa, Arlette Adjatin, Ahouélété Joel Akpo, Azize Orobiyi, Alexandre Dansi
BACKGROUND: Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important grain legume crop grown in the central region of the Republic of Benin. However, its production declined in recent years to the extent that its diversity is being threatened with extinction. Understanding the folk nomenclature and taxonomy, as well as use values that allow its maintenance in Beninese agricultural system, is a prerequisite to develop efficient strategies for its conservation. Knowing that each sociolinguistic group develop various uses and traditional knowledge for their crop genetic resources, we hypothesized that enhancement of farmers' livelihood, thanks to the use values of common bean landraces, differ from one sociolinguistic group to another and contribute to their conservation in the traditional agriculture of central Benin...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Thea Lautenschläger, Mawunu Monizi, Macuntima Pedro, José Lau Mandombe, Makaya Futuro Bránquima, Christin Heinze, Christoph Neinhuis
BACKGROUND: Angola suffered a long-lasting military conflict. Therefore, traditional knowledge of plant usage is still an important part of cultural heritage, especially concerning the still very poor health care system in the country. Our study documents for the first time traditional knowledge of plant use of local Bakongo communities in the northern province of Uíge on a large scale with a focus on medicinal plants and puts data in context to different parameters of age, gender and distance to the provincial capital...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Simonetta Bullitta, Giovanni Antonio Re, Maria Domenica Iole Manunta, Giovanna Piluzza
BACKGROUND: Mediterranean farmers traditionally utilized plants, animals, and minerals sourced locally to treat their animals. Research is needed to understand at what extent such knowledge of domestic animal care still survives and to document such traditions for further developments. METHODS: We carried out our field study to recover ancient ethno-veterinary practices by means of questionnaires and interviews to farmers in rural areas of the Mediterranean island of Sardinia (Italy)...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Ernane N Nunes, Natan M Guerra, Edna Arévalo-Marín, Carlos Antônio B Alves, Viviany T do Nascimento, Denise D da Cruz, Ana H Ladio, Silvanda de M Silva, Rodrigo S de Oliveira, Reinaldo F P de Lucena
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the local botanical knowledge of native food plants in three rural communities, located in the semiarid region of Paraíba State, Brazil, verifying possibilities of differences of knowledge among communities and between men and women. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews about native plant knowledge and use were conducted with all householders in each community, totaling 117 informants. The species similarity among the communities of Pau D'Arco, Várzea Alegre, and Barroquinha was compared with Jaccard index, and the use value index (UVgeneral , UVcurrent , UVpotential ) was used to determine the most important species...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Thant Shin, Kazumi Fujikawa, Aung Zaw Moe, Hiroshi Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Myanmar is one of the hotspots of biodiversity and is a rapidly developing country. Performing floristic research in Myanmar is an urgent issue, and ethnobotanical studies of wild edible plants (WEPs) will provide new information on natural plant resources. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected in three villages with different historical backgrounds in Southern Shan State, Myanmar. A total of 19 key informants were interviewed, and specimens were collected in the fields with the participation of key informants in June-July 2015...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Roberta Monique Amâncio Carvalho, Celso Feitosa Martins, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Chaves Alves
BACKGROUND: According to the biophilia hypothesis, an emotional affiliation with nature has been inherited during human biocultural evolution. Research on beekeeping can contribute to the scientific understanding of the influence of emotions in the human-nature relationship, since this activity provides concrete experiences of beneficial interaction between the human being and the environment by stimulating conservation-friendly values among practitioners. In this study, we investigated motivations and preferences driving beekeepers' choices...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Nkoana Ishmael Mongalo, Tshepiso Jan Makhafola
BACKGROUND: Limpopo province, South Africa, has a rich plant diversity and is referred to as one of the hotspots areas within the country. The aim of the current work was to identify and document medicinal plant species used by the indigenous Pedi people of Blouberg area, Limpopo Province, South Africa. METHODS: A total of 40 informants which includes both traditional healers and medicinal plant sellers were randomly selected and asked about the plant species used in treatment of variety of infections using a structured questionnaire...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Tim van den Boog, Janette Bulkan, James Tansey, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) have been traded for millennia by indigenous communities. Current increased demands driven by globalisation, however, put more pressure on local harvesters and their surrounding ecosystems. The safeguarding of indigenous access rights to harvesting grounds is needed, either through communal land titles or collaborative management agreements, both to secure prior indigenous rights and to minimise further negative ecological impacts. METHODS: This study was carried out in two indigenous communities in West Suriname located along the Corentyne River...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
S Esakkimuthu, S Sylvester Darvin, S Mutheeswaran, M Gabriel Paulraj, P Pandikumar, S Ignacimuthu, N A Al-Dhabi
BACKGROUND: Medicinal properties of the food species are one of the poorly documented and important areas of ethnopharmacology. The present survey quantitatively documented the medicinal foods prescribed by the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu. METHODS: Field work was carried out between December 2014 and April 2017 using a questionnaire. The illnesses mentioned by the informants were grouped as illness categories on the basis of emic perceptions...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Rainer W Bussmann, Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Carolina Romero, Robbie E Hart
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of local markets as a source of medicinal plants in Colombia, comparatively little comparative research reports on the pharmacopoeiae sold. This stands in contrast to wealth of available information for other components of plant use in Colombia and other countries. The present provides a detailed inventory of the medicinal plant markets in the Bogotá metropolitan area, hypothesizing that the species composition, and medicinal applications, would differ across markets of the city...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Dongyang Liu, Hong Cheng, Rainer W Bussmann, Zhiyong Guo, Bo Liu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Chuxiong, known as "the City of Fungi," is rich in fungal resources and traditional knowledge related to fungal biodiversity. The local environment is an excellent habitat for a wide variety of edible fungi. In addition, the region is home to many ethnic minorities and especially the Yi ethnic group who has a long history for traditionally using fungi as food or medicine. The aims of this review are to provide up-to-date information on the knowledge about, and traditional management of, fungi in this area and give advice on future utilization and conservation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Wallisson Sylas Luna de Oliveira, Sérgio de Faria Lopes, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
BACKGROUND: Birds are kept as pets around the world, and bird-keeping is an ancient and widespread practice, constituting one of the main reasons for the decline of some species. In the semi-arid region of Brazil, this practice is very common and continues despite being designated as illegal in recent decades. This study aimed to identify the species and families of songbirds used as pets in the semi-arid region of Brazil, characterize the maintenance of the exploited species in captivity, and evaluate the sociocultural context associated with this practice...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Ripu M Kunwar, Maria Fadiman, Mary Cameron, Rainer W Bussmann, Khum B Thapa-Magar, Bhagawat Rimal, Prabhat Sapkota
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to better understand the human-nature interface and to measure the variability of plant use knowledge among cultures, through inter- and intracultural analyses. We compared plant collection, use, and management of two culturally distinct groups (Baitadi and Darchula) of the Nepal Himalaya. They inhabit different physiographic regions, yet share the same ecological landscape, environmental resources, and livelihood challenges. We hypothesized that the elderly, native, and traditional healers living in remote and rural places possess more diverse and detailed knowledge of plant use and conservation than young, non-native, and non-healers...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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