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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

Roberta Monique Amâncio Carvalho, Celso Feitosa Martins, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Chaves Alves
BACKGROUND: According to the biophilia hypothesis, an emotional affiliation with nature has been inherited during human biocultural evolution. Research on beekeeping can contribute to the scientific understanding of the influence of emotions in the human-nature relationship, since this activity provides concrete experiences of beneficial interaction between the human being and the environment by stimulating conservation-friendly values among practitioners. In this study, we investigated motivations and preferences driving beekeepers' choices...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Nkoana Ishmael Mongalo, Tshepiso Jan Makhafola
BACKGROUND: Limpopo province, South Africa, has a rich plant diversity and is referred to as one of the hotspots areas within the country. The aim of the current work was to identify and document medicinal plant species used by the indigenous Pedi people of Blouberg area, Limpopo Province, South Africa. METHODS: A total of 40 informants which includes both traditional healers and medicinal plant sellers were randomly selected and asked about the plant species used in treatment of variety of infections using a structured questionnaire...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Tim van den Boog, Janette Bulkan, James Tansey, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) have been traded for millennia by indigenous communities. Current increased demands driven by globalisation, however, put more pressure on local harvesters and their surrounding ecosystems. The safeguarding of indigenous access rights to harvesting grounds is needed, either through communal land titles or collaborative management agreements, both to secure prior indigenous rights and to minimise further negative ecological impacts. METHODS: This study was carried out in two indigenous communities in West Suriname located along the Corentyne River...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
S Esakkimuthu, S Sylvester Darvin, S Mutheeswaran, M Gabriel Paulraj, P Pandikumar, S Ignacimuthu, N A Al-Dhabi
BACKGROUND: Medicinal properties of the food species are one of the poorly documented and important areas of ethnopharmacology. The present survey quantitatively documented the medicinal foods prescribed by the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu. METHODS: Field work was carried out between December 2014 and April 2017 using a questionnaire. The illnesses mentioned by the informants were grouped as illness categories on the basis of emic perceptions...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Rainer W Bussmann, Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Carolina Romero, Robbie E Hart
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of local markets as a source of medicinal plants in Colombia, comparatively little comparative research reports on the pharmacopoeiae sold. This stands in contrast to wealth of available information for other components of plant use in Colombia and other countries. The present provides a detailed inventory of the medicinal plant markets in the Bogotá metropolitan area, hypothesizing that the species composition, and medicinal applications, would differ across markets of the city...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Dongyang Liu, Hong Cheng, Rainer W Bussmann, Zhiyong Guo, Bo Liu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Chuxiong, known as "the City of Fungi," is rich in fungal resources and traditional knowledge related to fungal biodiversity. The local environment is an excellent habitat for a wide variety of edible fungi. In addition, the region is home to many ethnic minorities and especially the Yi ethnic group who has a long history for traditionally using fungi as food or medicine. The aims of this review are to provide up-to-date information on the knowledge about, and traditional management of, fungi in this area and give advice on future utilization and conservation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Wallisson Sylas Luna de Oliveira, Sérgio de Faria Lopes, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
BACKGROUND: Birds are kept as pets around the world, and bird-keeping is an ancient and widespread practice, constituting one of the main reasons for the decline of some species. In the semi-arid region of Brazil, this practice is very common and continues despite being designated as illegal in recent decades. This study aimed to identify the species and families of songbirds used as pets in the semi-arid region of Brazil, characterize the maintenance of the exploited species in captivity, and evaluate the sociocultural context associated with this practice...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Ripu M Kunwar, Maria Fadiman, Mary Cameron, Rainer W Bussmann, Khum B Thapa-Magar, Bhagawat Rimal, Prabhat Sapkota
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to better understand the human-nature interface and to measure the variability of plant use knowledge among cultures, through inter- and intracultural analyses. We compared plant collection, use, and management of two culturally distinct groups (Baitadi and Darchula) of the Nepal Himalaya. They inhabit different physiographic regions, yet share the same ecological landscape, environmental resources, and livelihood challenges. We hypothesized that the elderly, native, and traditional healers living in remote and rural places possess more diverse and detailed knowledge of plant use and conservation than young, non-native, and non-healers...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kishwar Ali, Nasrullah Khan, Inayat-Ur Rahman, Waqar Khan, Murad Ali, Nisar Uddin, Mohammad Nisar
BACKGROUND: This study contributes to the current ethnomedicinal knowledge of the Swat Valley, Pakistan. District Swat possesses remarkable biodiversity owing to its varied topographical and climatic conditions, prompting a distinct human-plant association. Our hypothesis is that the presence of such a great biodiversity has shaped into a formal ethnobotanical culture in the area transmitted through generations. We suspect that the versatility of some plant species has greater influence on the culture...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Rufo Sánchez-Hernández, Lucero Méndez-De la Cruz, David J Palma-López, Francisco Bautista-Zuñiga
BACKGROUND: The traditional ecological knowledge of land of the Ch'ol originary people from southeast Mexico forms part of their cultural identity; it is local and holistic and implies an integrated physical and spiritual worldview that contributes to improve their living conditions. We analyzed the nomenclature for soil classification used in the Mexican state of Tabasco by the Ch'ol farmers with the objective of contributing to the knowledge of the Maya soil classification. METHODS: A map of the study area was generated from the digital database of parcels in the ejido Oxolotán in the municipality of Tacotalpa, to which a geopedological map was overlaid in order to obtain modeled topographic profiles (Zavala-Cruz et al...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Fasil Adugna Kendie, Sileshi Andualem Mekuriaw, Melkamu Andargie Dagnew
BACKGROUND: Using animals for different purposes goes back to the dawn of mankind. Animals served as a source of food, medicine, and clothing for humans and provided other services. This study was designed to undertake a cross-sectional ethnozoological field survey among the residents of Metema Woreda from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODS: Data were collected through studied questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions with 36 purposively selected respondents...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kolawolé Valère Salako, Francisco Moreira, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Frédéric Tovissodé, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo, Romain Lucas Glèlè Kakaï
BACKGROUND: Eliciting factors affecting distribution of traditional knowledge (TK) and cultural importance of plant resources is central in ethnobiology. Socio-demographic attributes and ecological apparency hypothesis (EAH) have been widely documented as drivers of TK distribution, but their synergistic effect is poorly documented. Here, we focused on Borassus aethiopum, a socio-economic important agroforestry palm in Africa, analyzing relationships between the number of use-reports and cultural importance on one hand, and informant socio-demographic attributes (age category and gender) on the other hand, considering the EAH at multi-scale contexts...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kalori Baana, Harriet Angwech, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga
BACKGROUND: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is a major public health and domestic pest that spoils food and causes irritation and is a vector of many infectious disease pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Currently, its control relies largely on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse health and environmental effects of pesticides, risk of development of insect resistance, and bioaccumulation through the food chain emphasize the need to search for environmentally friendly alternatives...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mireia Alcántara Rodríguez, Andrea Angueyra, Antoine M Cleef, Tinde Van Andel
BACKGROUND: The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy-Güicán in the Colombian Andes is protected as a National Natural Park since 1977 because of its fragile páramo ecosystems, extraordinary biodiversity, high plant endemism, and function as water reservoir. The vegetation on this mountain is threatened by expanding agriculture, deforestation, tourism, and climate change. We present an ethnobotanical inventory among local farmer communities and discuss the effects of vegetation change on the availability of useful plants...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Arlene Oliveira Souza, Maria do Perpétuo Socorro Rodrigues Chaves, Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa, Charles Roland Clement
INTRODUCTION: Invasive plants can impact biodiversity as well as the lives of native human populations. Natural ecosystems represent sources of natural resources essential for the subsistence and socio-cultural continuity of these social groups. Approximately 30,000 ha of Acacia mangium were planted for commercial purposes in savanna areas surrounding indigenous lands in Roraima State, Brazil, at the end of the 1990s. We examined the local ecological knowledge of indigenous Wapichana and Macuxi Amerindians, members of the Arawak and Carib linguistic families, respectively, concerning A...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Felipe Ruan-Soto
BACKGROUND: Mushrooms are important forest resources, mostly as food, despite the serious health threat posed by toxic species. In the Highlands of Chiapas, numerous wild mushroom intoxications have been registered. While Chiapas has been vastly studied from an ethnomycological perspective, no certainty exists as to how nomenclature systems differentiate edible and toxic species, which species are most culturally significant, and whether sociodemographic factors relate to how well-known they are in the Highlands of Chiapas...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Tahani Osman Issa, Yahya Sulieman Mohamed, Sakina Yagi, Reem Hassan Ahmed, Telal Mohammed Najeeb, Abdelrafie Mohamed Makhawi, Tarig Osman Khider
BACKGROUND: The inhabitants of western Sudan use traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments due to lack of medical doctors and unaffordable prices of pharmaceutical products. The present study is the first documentation of the traditional plant knowledge on medicinal uses of plants by healers in Algoz (South Kordofan), Sudan. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from March to November 2015 using semi-structured interviews with 30 healers (24 male and 6 female) living in the investigated area...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Jerome Anani Houngue, Justin S Pita, Gilles Habib Todjro Cacaï, Martine Zandjanakou-Tachin, Emmanuel A E Abidjo, Corneille Ahanhanzo
BACKGROUND: Cassava is an important crop in Africa that is widely cultivated for its starchy tuberous root, which constitutes a major source of dietary carbohydrates. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is the most devastating disease affecting cassava in Africa and causes enormous losses in yield. In Benin, specifically, cultivars resistant to CMD are not commonly planted, and even when CMD is observed in fields, farmers do not implement control measures, presumably because they lack proper knowledge and training...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Wahid Hussain, Lal Badshah, Manzoor Ullah, Maroof Ali, Asghar Ali, Farrukh Hussain
BACKGROUND: The residents of remote areas mostly depend on folk knowledge of medicinal plants to cure different ailments. The present study was carried out to document and analyze traditional use regarding the medicinal plants among communities residing in Koh-e-Safaid Range northern Pakistani-Afghan border. METHODS: A purposive sampling method was used for the selection of informants, and information regarding the ethnomedicinal use of plants was collected through semi-structured interviews...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Clémence Ogeron, Guillaume Odonne, Antonia Cristinoi, Julien Engel, Pierre Grenand, Jacques Beauchêne, Bruno Clair, Damien Davy
BACKGROUND: Palikur Amerindians live in the eastern part of French Guiana which is undergoing deep-seated changes due to the geographical and economic opening of the region. So far, Palikur's traditional ecological knowledge is poorly documented, apart from medicinal plants. The aim of this study was to document ethnobotanical practices related to traditional construction in the region. METHODS: A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. Thirty-nine Palikur men were interviewed in three localities (Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock, Regina and Trois-Palétuviers) between December 2013 and July 2014...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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