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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

Charlotte I E A van 't Klooster, Vinije Haabo, Sofie Ruysschaert, Tessa Vossen, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Herbal baths play an important role in the traditional health care of Maroons living in the interior of Suriname. However, little is known on the differences in plant ingredients used among and within the Maroon groups. We compared plant use in herbal baths documented for Saramaccan and Aucan Maroons, to see whether similarity in species was related to bath type, ethnic group, or geographical location. We hypothesized that because of their dissimilar cultural background, they used different species for the same type of bath...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Carla Mere Roncal, Mark Bowler, Michael P Gilmore
BACKGROUND: In Amazonia, primates are not only an important food source but they also hold significant cultural and symbolic value for many indigenous groups. We document the relationship between primates and community members of the Maijuna indigenous community of Sucusari in the Peruvian Amazon and describe how ethnoprimatological studies provide a better understanding of the significance of primates in people's lives. Additionally, we explore how ethnoprimatological studies can help inform and enhance primate conservation initiatives...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Tebaber Workneh, Guday Emirie, Mirgissa Kaba, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Helmut Kloos
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural studies indicate that every culture has its own particular explanations for health and illness and its own healing strategies. The Konso people have always practiced indigenous medicine and have multifaceted accounts or multiple dimensions of illness perceptions and health-care beliefs and practices. This paper describes how perceptions of health and illness are instrumental in health and treatment outcomes among the Konso people in southwestern Ethiopia. Results may provide an understanding of the perceptions of health and illness in relation to the local cosmology, religion, and environment...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Leul Kidane, Sileshi Nemomissa, Tamrat Bekele
BACKGROUND: Traditional management regimes and knowledge systems of forest resources have shaped forests throughout the world where materials from individual species are harvested in a sustainable manner. To comprehend this, the vegetation of Hugumburda-Gratkhassu Forest was described and related to anthropogenic factors. METHODS: Three ethnobotanical research methods were used to collect indigenous knowledge of the local inhabitants related to conservation and utilization of forest resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Neelam Rashid, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Mushtaq Ahmad, Valère Kolawolé Salako, Muhammad Zafar, Khafsa Malik
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge about the use of medicinal plants for herbal drinks (HDs) is not well documented in the Azad Kashmir region despite their widespread use. This study highlights the taxonomic diversity and traditional knowledge on medicinal plants used for HDs while examining the diversity of diseases treated with HDs in the study area. METHODS: Individual discussions were conducted with 255 informants (84 women and 171 men). Data gathered included (i) informant age and gender, (ii) HD species and respective plant parts used, (iii) health disorders treated, and (iv) mode of preparation and utilizations...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Nigatu Tuasha, Beyene Petros, Zemede Asfaw
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants (MPs) used by traditional healers (THs) were investigated in Megera and adjacent subdistricts (kebeles) of Dalle District, Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to identify and record MPs and their traditional uses in the treatment of various human ailments with emphasis on malignancies and other most frequently reported diseases. METHODS: Traditional medicinal knowledge held by 20 THs was investigated following standard ethnobotanical approaches...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Anna Geraci, Filippo Amato, Giuseppe Di Noto, Giuseppe Bazan, Rosario Schicchi
BACKGROUND: Wild vegetables in the Mediterranean Basin are still often consumed as a part of the diet and, in particular, there is a great tradition regarding their use in Sicily. In this study, an ethnobotanical field investigation was carried out to (a) identify the wild native taxa traditionally gathered and consumed as vegetables in Sicily, comparing the collected ethnobotanical data with those of other countries that have nominated the Mediterranean diet for inclusion in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and (b) highlight new culinary uses of these plants...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Héritier Milenge Kamalebo, Hippolyte Nshimba Seya Wa Malale, Cephas Masumbuko Ndabaga, Jérôme Degreef, André De Kesel
BACKGROUND: Wild mushrooms constitute an important non-timber forest product that provides diverse substances and services, especially food and income for local communities from many parts of the world. This study presents original ethnomycological documentation from the dense rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: Ethnomycological surveys were made within local communities near the biosphere reserve of Yangambi and the Yoko forest reserve...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Ali Akgul, Ayfer Akgul, Serdar G Senol, Hasan Yildirim, Ozcan Secmen, Yunus Dogan
BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Habib Ullah
BACKGROUND: The pastoral lifestyle of Indigenous communities of Bajaur Agency is bringing them close to natural remedies for treating their domestic animals. Several studies have been conducted across the globe describing the importance of traditional knowledge in veterinary care. Therefore, this study was planned with the aim to record knowledge on ethnoveterinary practices from the remote areas and share sit with other communities through published literature. METHODS: Data was gathered from community members through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through informant consensus factor (Fic) to evaluate the consent of current ethnoveterinary practices among the local people...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kamal Prasad Aryal, Sushmita Poudel, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Nakul Chettri, Pashupati Chaudhary, Wu Ning, Rajan Kotru
BACKGROUND: Local people in the Himalayan region use a wide range of wild and non-cultivated edible plants (WNEPs) for food, spice, medicinal, and cultural purposes. However, their availability, use, status and contribution to livelihood security are poorly documented, and they have been generally overlooked in recent agro-biodiversity conservation and management programmes. The study aimed to investigate WNEP diversity and current status in a part of the Kailash Sacred Landscape-a transboundary landscape shared by Nepal, India and PR China-in terms of collection, use, management and conservation initiatives...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Antony Joseph Raj, Saroj Biswakarma, Nazir A Pala, Gopal Shukla, Vineeta, Munesh Kumar, Sumit Chakravarty, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge on ethnomedicinal plant is slowly eroding. The exploration, identification and documentation on utilization of ethnobotanic resources are essential for restoration and preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge about the plants and conservation of these species for greater interest of human society. METHODS: The study was conducted at fringe areas of Chilapatta Reserve Forest in the foothills of the eastern sub-Himalayan mountain belts of West Bengal, India, from December 2014 to May 2016...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Daniel Robles-García, Humberto Suzán-Azpiri, Adriana Montoya-Esquivel, Jesús García-Jiménez, Edgardo Ulises Esquivel-Naranjo, Elhadi Yahia, Fidel Landeros-Jaime
BACKGROUND: Fungi have multiple uses in temperate areas of México, but an important decrease in the traditional knowledge of uses and customs of mushrooms becomes a fundamental issue for fungi conservation. However, only few studies quantify the traditional ethnomycological knowledge in México, and this study is the first quantitative report for Querétaro, a central state with both Otomí and Mestizo communities and a high fungi diversity. METHODS: The present study was conducted registering traditional knowledge on the use and consumption of mushrooms in three Hñähñu (Otomí) communities (Tesquedó, Xajay, and Tenasdá) in Amealco de Bonfil, Querétaro, México, between August 2013 and November 2014...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Narel Y Paniagua-Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya-Huanca, Gere Ortiz-Soria, Milton Ortiz-Vaca, David Ortiz-Álvarez, Jorge Soria-Morán, María Soria-Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez-Moreno, Gualberto Chávez-Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: That the answers elicited through interviews may be influenced by the knowledge of the interviewer is accepted across disciplines. However, in ethnobotany, there is little evidence to quantitatively assess what impact this effect may have. We use the results of a large study of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of plant use of the Chácobo and Pacahuara of Beni, Bolivia, to explore the effects of interviewer identity and knowledge upon the elicited plant species and uses...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mayana Lacerda Leal, Rubana Palhares Alves, Natalia Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: People's diets are usually restricted to a small number of plant species, even in regions with great diversity. We investigated the knowledge of residents in Ribeirão da Ilha, a district of Florianópolis (Santa Catarina, Brazil), about unconventional food plants (UFP). We report the UFP of the region, the parts used, the methods of processing, and the reasons for reduced use or even lack of use. METHODS: From June 2014 to January 2015, we interviewed 26 long-established residents and made free listings of plant resources in the region...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Berenice Farfán-Heredia, Alejandro Casas, Ana I Moreno-Calles, Eduardo García-Frapolli, Aída Castilleja
BACKGROUND: Interactions between societies and nature are regulated by complex systems of beliefs, symbolism, customs, and worldviews (kosmos), ecological knowledge (corpus), and management strategies and practices (praxis), which are constructed as product of experiences and communication of people throughout time. These aspects influence social relations, life strategies, and cultural identity, and all of them in turn influence and are influenced by local and regional patterns of interchange...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Yujing Liu, Qi Liu, Ping Li, Deke Xing, Huagang Hu, Lin Li, Xuechen Hu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Lǎo huǒ liàng tāng (Cantonese slow-cooked soup, CSCS) is popular in Guangdong, China, and is consumed by Cantonese people worldwide as a delicious appetizer. Because CSCS serves as an important part of family healthcare, medicinal plants and plant-derived products are major components of CSCS. However, a collated record of the diverse plant species and an ethnobotanical investigation of CSCS is lacking. Because of globalization along with a renewed interest in botanical and food therapy, CSCS has attracted a growing attention in soup by industries, scientists, and consumers...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Margarida Lopes-Fernandes, Clara Espírito-Santo, Amélia Frazão-Moreira
BACKGROUND: Ethnographic research can help to establish dialog between conservationists and local people in reintroduction areas. Considering that predator reintroductions may cause local resistance, we assessed attitudes of different key actor profiles to the return of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) to Portugal before reintroduction started in 2015. We aimed to characterize a social context from an ethnoecological perspective, including factors such as local knowledge, perceptions, emotions, and opinions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Flávia Rosa Santoro, André Luiz Borba Nascimento, Gustavo Taboada Soldati, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior, Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
The interest in theoretical frameworks that improve our understanding of social-ecological systems is growing within the field of ethnobiology. Several evolutionary questions may underlie the relationships between people and the natural resources that are investigated in this field. A new branch of research, known as evolutionary ethnobiology (EE), focuses on these questions and has recently been formally conceptualized. The field of cultural evolution (CE) has significantly contributed to the development of this new field, and it has introduced the Darwinian concepts of variation, competition, and heredity to studies that focus on the dynamics of local knowledge...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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