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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343263/knowledge-use-and-disuse-of-unconventional-food-plants
#1
Mayana Lacerda Leal, Rubana Palhares Alves, Natalia Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: People's diets are usually restricted to a small number of plant species, even in regions with great diversity. We investigated the knowledge of residents in Ribeirão da Ilha, a district of Florianópolis (Santa Catarina, Brazil), about unconventional food plants (UFP). We report the UFP of the region, the parts used, the methods of processing, and the reasons for reduced use or even lack of use. METHODS: From June 2014 to January 2015, we interviewed 26 long-established residents and made free listings of plant resources in the region...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334977/ethnoecology-of-the-interchange-of-wild-and-weedy-plants-and-mushrooms-in-phur%C3%A3-pecha-markets-of-mexico-economic-motives-of-biotic-resources-management
#2
Berenice Farfán-Heredia, Alejandro Casas, Ana I Moreno-Calles, Eduardo García-Frapolli, Aída Castilleja
BACKGROUND: Interactions between societies and nature are regulated by complex systems of beliefs, symbolism, customs, and worldviews (kosmos), ecological knowledge (corpus), and management strategies and practices (praxis), which are constructed as product of experiences and communication of people throughout time. These aspects influence social relations, life strategies, and cultural identity, and all of them in turn influence and are influenced by local and regional patterns of interchange...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334976/plants-traditionally-used-to-make-cantonese-slow-cooked-soup-in-china
#3
Yujing Liu, Qi Liu, Ping Li, Deke Xing, Huagang Hu, Lin Li, Xuechen Hu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Lǎo huǒ liàng tāng (Cantonese slow-cooked soup, CSCS) is popular in Guangdong, China, and is consumed by Cantonese people worldwide as a delicious appetizer. Because CSCS serves as an important part of family healthcare, medicinal plants and plant-derived products are major components of CSCS. However, a collated record of the diverse plant species and an ethnobotanical investigation of CSCS is lacking. Because of globalization along with a renewed interest in botanical and food therapy, CSCS has attracted a growing attention in soup by industries, scientists, and consumers...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325579/the-return-of-the-iberian-lynx-to-portugal-local-voices
#4
Margarida Lopes-Fernandes, Clara Espírito-Santo, Amélia Frazão-Moreira
BACKGROUND: Ethnographic research can help to establish dialog between conservationists and local people in reintroduction areas. Considering that predator reintroductions may cause local resistance, we assessed attitudes of different key actor profiles to the return of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) to Portugal before reintroduction started in 2015. We aimed to characterize a social context from an ethnoecological perspective, including factors such as local knowledge, perceptions, emotions, and opinions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316951/evolutionary-ethnobiology-and-cultural-evolution-opportunities-for-research-and-dialog
#5
REVIEW
Flávia Rosa Santoro, André Luiz Borba Nascimento, Gustavo Taboada Soldati, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior, Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
The interest in theoretical frameworks that improve our understanding of social-ecological systems is growing within the field of ethnobiology. Several evolutionary questions may underlie the relationships between people and the natural resources that are investigated in this field. A new branch of research, known as evolutionary ethnobiology (EE), focuses on these questions and has recently been formally conceptualized. The field of cultural evolution (CE) has significantly contributed to the development of this new field, and it has introduced the Darwinian concepts of variation, competition, and heredity to studies that focus on the dynamics of local knowledge...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246233/correction-to-medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#7
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
In the original publication [1] were the Arabic letters in Table 2 incorrect. The corrected version of Table 2 can be found as Additional file 1 in this Erratum.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233181/why-they-eat-what-they-eat-patterns-of-wild-edible-plants-consumption-in-a-tribal-area-of-western-himalaya
#8
Deepika Thakur, Alpy Sharma, Sanjay Kr Uniyal
BACKGROUND: From time immemorial, wild plants have been used for edible purposes. They still continue to be a major source of nutrition for tribal people. However, unfortunately, their use is now declining. This has implications in food security, narrowing genetic base, and future leads. The present study was, therefore, carried out in Chhota Bhangal region of Western Himalaya to analyze uses of wild edible plants (WEP) and the motivations behind their use or abandonment. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted to the study area from January 2016 to March 2017...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191238/ethnopharmacological-studies-of-indigenous-plants-in-kel-village-neelum-valley-azad-kashmir-pakistan
#9
Khawaja Shafique Ahmad, Abdul Hamid, Fahim Nawaz, Mansoor Hameed, Farooq Ahmad, Jiabin Deng, Noreen Akhtar, Ambreen Wazarat, Sehrish Mahroof
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was undertaken for the first time in Kel village located in the Upper Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The purpose was to document the indigenous knowledge of the native people used in the preparation of herbal medicines. METHODS: To get the data on traditional uses of medicinal plants, 20 informants were interviewed. Quantitative ethnobotanical indices, i.e., use value (UV), relative frequencies of citation (RFC), informant consensus factor (Fic), fidelity level (FL), data matrix ranking (DMR), preference ranking (PR), and jaccard index (JI), were calculated for the recorded medicinal plants...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191222/magico-religious-and-social-belief-of-tribals-of-district-udaipur-rajasthan
#10
Vandana Singh Kushwah, Rashmi Sisodia, Chhaya Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: Religious beliefs and practices have long influenced human perceptions and uses of nature. Animals in particular play a prominent role in magico-religious practices and provide historical and cultural depth of these relationships. Understanding human-faunal relations is often fundamental to the cause of meaningful wildlife conservation. This study investigates the domestic and wild harvested species used for spiritual and religious purposes among the tribals of six tehsils of Udaipur district...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179760/exploring-differences-in-stakeholders-perceptions-of-illegal-bird-trapping-in-cyprus
#11
Heather M Jenkins, Christos Mammides, Aidan Keane
BACKGROUND: Cyprus is recognised as a hotspot for illegal bird trapping in the Mediterranean basin. A consumer demand for the Eurasian blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) is driving the use of non-selective trapping methods, resulting in the indiscriminate killing of millions of migratory birds. Efforts to tackle the issue have so far been characterised mostly by a top-down approach, focusing on legislation and enforcement. However, trapping levels are not decreasing and conflict between stakeholder groups is intensifying...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178909/functional-diversity-of-home-gardens-and-their-agrobiodiversity-conservation-benefits-in-benin-west-africa
#12
Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Valère Kolawolé Salako, Adandé Belarmain Fandohan, Alix Frank Rodrigue Idohou, Romain Glèlè Kakaї, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo
BACKGROUND: Understanding the functional diversity of home gardens and their socio-ecological determinants is essential for mainstreaming these agroforestry practices into agrobiodiversity conservation strategies. This paper analyzed functional diversity of home gardens, identified the socio-ecological drivers of functions assigned to them, and assessed the agrobiodiversity benefits of home gardens functions. METHODS: Using data on occurring species in home garden (HG) and functions assigned to each species by the gardeners, the study combined clustering and discriminant canonical analyses to explore the functional diversity of 360 home gardens in Benin, West Africa...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162151/are-identities-oral-understanding-ethnobotanical-knowledge-after-irish-independence-1937-1939
#13
Fiona Shannon, Astrid Sasse, Helen Sheridan, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The Schools' Folklore Scheme (1937-1939) was implemented at a pivotal time in Irelands' political history. It resulted in a body of ethnological information that is unique in terms of when, why and how it was collected. This material consists of over 700,000 pages of information, including ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical traditions, reflecting an oral identity that spans generations and that in many cases was not documented in writing until the 1930s. The intention of this study is to highlight the importance of the Schools' Folklore Scheme and to demonstrate an ethnographic approach based on recollections of original participants of the scheme, to further understand the material in the collection and the impact it had on the participants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157286/farmers-perception-of-termites-in-agriculture-production-and-their-indigenous-utilization-in-northwest-benin
#14
Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Azize Orobiyi, Paterne Agre, Alexandre Dansi, Manuele Tamò, Yves Roisin
BACKGROUND: Although termites are considered as agricultural pests, they play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem. Therefore, it matters to investigate the farmers' perception of the impacts of the termites on the agriculture and their indigenous utilization. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview 94 farmers through 10 villages of Atacora department, in the northwestern region of Benin, to obtain information for the development of successful strategies of termite management and conservation...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#15
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149858/famine-food-of-vegetal-origin-consumed-in-the-netherlands-during-world-war-ii
#16
Tom Vorstenbosch, Ingrid de Zwarte, Leni Duistermaat, Tinde van Andel
BACKGROUND: Periods of extreme food shortages during war force people to eat food that they normally do not consider edible. The last time that countries in Western Europe experienced severe scarcities was during World War II. The so-called Dutch famine or Hunger Winter (1944-1945) made at least 25,000 victims. The Dutch government took action by opening soup kitchens and providing information on wild plants and other famine food sources in "wartime cookbooks." The Dutch wartime diet has never been examined from an ethnobotanical perspective...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149856/naukan-ethnobotany-in-post-soviet-times-lost-edibles-and-new-medicinals
#17
Kevin A Jernigan, Olga S Belichenko, Valeria B Kolosova, Darlene J Orr
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on health-related plant use among speakers of the critically endangered Naukan language (Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family) in the Russian Far East. The Naukan people were forced, in 1958, under Soviet consolidation, to move from their original settlement on Cape Dezhnev, leading to significant changes in spiritual worldview, subsistence, social structure, and language proficiency in the years that followed. Here, we focus on changes that elders report in their edible, medicinal, and spiritual uses of local plant species since their childhood...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132398/traditions-beliefs-and-indigenous-technologies-in-connection-with-the-edible-longhorn-grasshopper-ruspolia-differens-serville-1838-in-tanzania
#18
Mercy W Mmari, John N Kinyuru, Henry S Laswai, Judith K Okoth
BACKGROUND: Edible insects are an important source of food to many African populations. The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville 1838), commonly known as senene in Tanzania is one of the most appreciated edible insects by societies around Lake Victoria crescent. Senene is primarily an essential treat for the tribes around the lake, e.g., the Haya of Tanzania, Luo of Kenya and Baganda of Uganda. Despite its importance as a food item and appreciation as a delicacy, there are few studies dealing with culture, beliefs and indigenous technology in connection with the senene...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084561/sociocultural-and-ecological-factors-influencing-management-of-edible-and-non-edible-plants-the-case-of-ixcatl%C3%A3-n-mexico
#19
Selene Rangel-Landa, Alejandro Casas, Eduardo García-Frapolli, Rafael Lira
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors influencing plant management allows understanding how processes of domestication operate. Uncertain availability of resources is a main motivation for managing edible plants, but little is known about management motives of non-edible resources like medicinal and ceremonial plants. We hypothesized that uncertain availability of resources would be a general factor motivating their management, but other motives could operate simultaneously. Uncertainty and risk might be less important motives in medicinal than in edible plants, while for ceremonial plants, symbolic and spiritual values would be more relevant...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065881/the-implications-of-ritual-practices-and-ritual-plant-uses-on-nature-conservation-a-case-study-among-the-naxi-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#20
Yanfei Geng, Guoxiong Hu, Sailesh Ranjitkar, Yinxian Shi, Yu Zhang, Yuhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Conservation of biodiversity is primary important of today's critically vulnerable environment. Efficient conservation can be possible only with the long-term participation and understanding of the communities. Ritual beliefs of the indigenous people are one of the important tools to understand the local communities and aid the nature conservation. In this paper, we documented contemporary ritual practices and ritual plant uses among the Naxi people and discussed the importance of traditional knowledge on ritual practice in the conservation of plants in the mountains presenting a case study of the Dongba culture...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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