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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#1
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149858/famine-food-of-vegetal-origin-consumed-in-the-netherlands-during-world-war-ii
#2
Tom Vorstenbosch, Ingrid de Zwarte, Leni Duistermaat, Tinde van Andel
BACKGROUND: Periods of extreme food shortages during war force people to eat food that they normally do not consider edible. The last time that countries in Western Europe experienced severe scarcities was during World War II. The so-called Dutch famine or Hunger Winter (1944-1945) made at least 25,000 victims. The Dutch government took action by opening soup kitchens and providing information on wild plants and other famine food sources in "wartime cookbooks." The Dutch wartime diet has never been examined from an ethnobotanical perspective...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149856/naukan-ethnobotany-in-post-soviet-times-lost-edibles-and-new-medicinals
#3
Kevin A Jernigan, Olga S Belichenko, Valeria B Kolosova, Darlene J Orr
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on health-related plant use among speakers of the critically endangered Naukan language (Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family) in the Russian Far East. The Naukan people were forced, in 1958, under Soviet consolidation, to move from their original settlement on Cape Dezhnev, leading to significant changes in spiritual worldview, subsistence, social structure, and language proficiency in the years that followed. Here, we focus on changes that elders report in their edible, medicinal, and spiritual uses of local plant species since their childhood...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132398/traditions-beliefs-and-indigenous-technologies-in-connection-with-the-edible-longhorn-grasshopper-ruspolia-differens-serville-1838-in-tanzania
#4
Mercy W Mmari, John N Kinyuru, Henry S Laswai, Judith K Okoth
BACKGROUND: Edible insects are an important source of food to many African populations. The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville 1838), commonly known as senene in Tanzania is one of the most appreciated edible insects by societies around Lake Victoria crescent. Senene is primarily an essential treat for the tribes around the lake, e.g., the Haya of Tanzania, Luo of Kenya and Baganda of Uganda. Despite its importance as a food item and appreciation as a delicacy, there are few studies dealing with culture, beliefs and indigenous technology in connection with the senene...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084561/sociocultural-and-ecological-factors-influencing-management-of-edible-and-non-edible-plants-the-case-of-ixcatl%C3%A3-n-mexico
#5
Selene Rangel-Landa, Alejandro Casas, Eduardo García-Frapolli, Rafael Lira
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors influencing plant management allows understanding how processes of domestication operate. Uncertain availability of resources is a main motivation for managing edible plants, but little is known about management motives of non-edible resources like medicinal and ceremonial plants. We hypothesized that uncertain availability of resources would be a general factor motivating their management, but other motives could operate simultaneously. Uncertainty and risk might be less important motives in medicinal than in edible plants, while for ceremonial plants, symbolic and spiritual values would be more relevant...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065881/the-implications-of-ritual-practices-and-ritual-plant-uses-on-nature-conservation-a-case-study-among-the-naxi-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#6
Yanfei Geng, Guoxiong Hu, Sailesh Ranjitkar, Yinxian Shi, Yu Zhang, Yuhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Conservation of biodiversity is primary important of today's critically vulnerable environment. Efficient conservation can be possible only with the long-term participation and understanding of the communities. Ritual beliefs of the indigenous people are one of the important tools to understand the local communities and aid the nature conservation. In this paper, we documented contemporary ritual practices and ritual plant uses among the Naxi people and discussed the importance of traditional knowledge on ritual practice in the conservation of plants in the mountains presenting a case study of the Dongba culture...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017576/traditional-knowledge-hiding-in-plain-sight-twenty-first-century-ethnobotany-of-the-ch%C3%A3-cobo-in-beni-bolivia
#7
Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya Huanca, Gere Ortiz Soria, Milton Ortiz Vaca, David Ortiz Álvarez, Jorge Soria Morán, María Soria Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez Moreno, Gualberto Chávez Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: The Chácobo are a Panoan speaking tribe of about 1000 members (300+ adults) in Beni, Bolivia. Originally nomadic, the Chácabo were relocated to their current main location in the 1960s. Researchers have visited the Chácabo since 1911. A first more detailed anthropological report exists from the late 1960s, and ecological-ethnobotanical studies were conducted in the 1980s and 1990s. The presented work represents a complete ethnobotanical inventory of the entire adult Chácobo population, with interviews and plant collection conducted directly by Chácobo counterparts...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978348/ethnobotanical-studies-of-fodder-grass-resources-for-ruminant-animals-based-on-the-traditional-knowledge-of-indigenous-communities-in-central-punjab-pakistan
#8
Nidaa Harun, Abdul Shakoor Chaudhry, Shabnum Shaheen, Kifayat Ullah, Farah Khan
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge of indigenous plants is pivotal in developing strategies to feed livestock sustainably in low input systems. Likewise, in Pakistan the indigenous people of Central Punjab have been using their regional grasses as a ruminant fodder for centuries. This study evaluated the indigenous traditional knowledge to ascertain the value of various fodder grasses to optimise their use to feed livestock in Central Punjab. METHODS: The snowball technique was employed to identify key informants who had relevant knowledge about different grasses in the study area...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978342/ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-against-human-ailments-in-gubalafto-district-northern-ethiopia
#9
Getnet Chekole
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plant species documentation is very crucial in Ethiopia for biodiversity conservation, bioactive chemical extractions and indigenous knowledge retention. Having first observed the inhabitants of Gubalafto District (Northern Ethiopia), the author gathered, recorded, and documented the human traditional medicinal plant species and the associated indigenous knowledge. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2013 to January 2015 and used descriptive field survey design...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974229/use-of-cultivated-plants-and-non-plant-remedies-for-human-and-animal-home-medication-in-liuba%C3%A5-district-belarus
#10
Renata Sõukand, Yanina Hrynevich, Julia Prakofjewa, Tatsiana Valodzina, Iryna Vasilyeva, Jury Paciupa, Aliaksandra Shrubok, Aliaksei Hlushko, Yana Knureva, Yulia Litvinava, Siarhei Vyskvarka, Hanna Silivonchyk, Alena Paulava, Mare Kõiva, Raivo Kalle
BACKGROUND: To use any domestic remedy, specific knowledge and skills are required. Simple logic dictates that the use of wild plants in the context of limited interaction with nature requires prior identification, while in the case of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants this step can be omitted. This paper aims to document the current and past uses of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants in the study region for human/animal medication; to analyze the human medicinal and veterinary use areas in the context of the remedy groups; to qualitatively compare the results with relevant historical publications; and to compare the intensity and purpose of use between the remedy groups...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946889/medicinal-plants-used-by-inhabitants-of-the-shigar-valley-baltistan-region%C3%A2-of-karakorum-range-pakistan
#11
Zaheer Abbas, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Jan Alam, Sher Wali Khan, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: The inhabitants of mountainous terrains depend on folk therapies to treat various ailments; however lack of plant based research and geographical constraints set the traditional knowledge in jeopardy. Present study is the first documentation on traditional uses of plant species by the inhabitants of the Shigar Valley, Karakorum Range, Northern Pakistan. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from July, 2013 to October, 2016 from 84 respondents, using semi structured questionnaire...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911322/sharing-fishers%C3%A2-ethnoecological-knowledge-of-the-european-pilchard-sardina-pilchardus-in-the-westernmost-fishing-community-in-europe
#12
Heitor de Oliveira Braga, Miguel Ângelo Pardal, Ulisses Miranda Azeiteiro
BACKGROUND: With the present difficulties in the conservation of sardines in the North Atlantic, it is important to investigate the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of fishermen about the biology and ecology of these fish. The ethnoecological data of European pilchard provided by local fishermen can be of importance for the management and conservation of this fishery resource. Thus, the present study recorded the ethnoecological knowledge of S. pilchardus in the traditional fishing community of Peniche, Portugal...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882186/more-fishers-and-fewer-martens-due-to-cumulative-effects-of-forest-management-and-climate-change-as-evidenced-from-local-knowledge
#13
Pauline Suffice, Hugo Asselin, Louis Imbeau, Marianne Cheveau, Pierre Drapeau
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of fur-bearing species populations is relatively rare due to their low densities. In addition to catch data, trappers' experience provides information on the ecology and status of the harvested species. Fisher (Pekania pennanti) and American marten (Martes americana) are mustelids that are sensitive to forest management and therefore considered to be ecological indicators of forest health. Fisher populations have increased in eastern North America since the early 2000s and this could have resulted in a northeastern extension of the species' range and increased overlap with marten's range...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874202/ethnobotanical-survey-of-wild-food-plants-traditionally-collected-and-consumed-in-the-middle-agri-valley-basilicata-region-southern-italy
#14
Sabrina Sansanelli, Maura Ferri, Mirko Salinitro, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was carried out in a scarcely populated area of the Middle Agri Valley (Basilicata region, southern Italy). The aim of the study was to record local knowledge on the traditional uses of wild food plants, as well as to collect information regarding the practices (gathering, processing and cooking) and the medicinal uses related to these plants. METHODS: Fifty-eight people still possessing traditional local knowledge (TLK), 74% women and 26% men, were interviewed between May-August 2012 and January 2013, using open and semi-structured ethnobotanical interviews...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836997/ethnomedicinal-plants-used-by-local-inhabitants-of-jakholi-block-rudraprayag-district-western-himalaya-india
#15
Ankit Singh, Mohan C Nautiyal, Ripu M Kunwar, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Ethnomedicinal knowledge of the Indian Himalayas is very interesting because of the wide range of medicinal plants used in traditional medical practice. However, there is a danger of knowledge being lost because the knowledge sharing is very limited and passed on orally. The present study is the first ethnomedicinal study in Jakholi area of Rudraprayag district of Northwestern India. The aim of present study was to identify traditional medicinal plants used by the inhabitants to treat different ailments and document the associated knowledge of these medicinal plants...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835286/habits-and-customs-of-crab-catchers-in-southern-bahia-brazil
#16
Angélica M S Firmo, Mônica M P Tognella, Gabrielle D Tenório, Raynner R D Barboza, Rômulo R N Alves
BACKGROUND: Brazilian mangrove forests are widely distributed along the coast and exploited by groups of people with customs and habits as diverse as the biology of the mangrove ecosystems. This study identifies different methods of extracting crabs that inhabit the mangrove belts; some of these activities, such as catching individual crabs by hand, are aimed at maintaining natural stocks of this species in Mucuri (south Bahia), Brazil. METHODS: In the studied community, illegal hunting activities that violate Brazilian legislation limiting the use of tangle-netting in mangrove ecosystem were observed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835266/medicinal-and-commercial-uses-of-ostrich-products-in-tanzania
#17
Flora Magige, Eivin Røskaft
BACKGROUND: Traditional communities have been utilizing animal products for numerous purposes and have for a long time contributed to the accumulation of world knowledge. Local people in Tanzania and elsewhere in Africa, have been using birds including ostriches as pets or their products such as meat, eggs as food; their body parts such as feathers, bones and hide for ornaments but more importantly have used such products in traditional medicine and rituals. Nevertheless, there is a general lack of information about the differences that exist between local people with different cultures, and the best use of such products to improve their livelihoods...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835259/the-therapeutic-use-of-the-dog-in-spain-a-review-from-a-historical-and-cross-cultural-perspective-of-a-change-in-the-human-dog-relationship
#18
REVIEW
José Ramón Vallejo, Dídac Santos-Fita, José Antonio González
In Spain, studies about traditional knowledge related to biodiversity have focused on vascular plants. For this reason, our review concentrates on the identification and inventory of zootherapeutic resources, particularly those involving the dog (Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758) throughout the twentieth century to the present. A qualitative systematic review in the fields of ethnomedicine, ethnozoology and folklore was made. Automated searches in the most important databases and digital libraries were performed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789692/diversity-of-use-and-local-knowledge-of-wild-and-cultivated-plants-in-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#19
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: Traditional ecological knowledge among indigenous communities plays an important role in retaining cultural identity and achieving sustainable natural resource management. Hundreds of millions of people mostly in developing countries derive a substantial part of their subsistence and income from plant resources. The aim of this study was to assess useful plant species diversity, plant use categories and local knowledge of both wild and cultivated useful species in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789670/patient-centered-boundary-mechanisms-to-foster-intercultural-partnerships-in-health-care-a-case-study-in-guatemala
#20
Martin Hitziger, Mónica Berger Gonzalez, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Daniela Ochaíta Santizo, Regina Solis Miranda, Andrea Isabel Aguilar Ferro, Ana Vides-Porras, Michael Heinrich, Peter Edwards, Pius Krütli
BACKGROUND: Up to one half of the population in Africa, Asia and Latin America has little access to high-quality biomedical services and relies on traditional health systems. Medical pluralism is thus in many developing countries the rule rather than the exception, which is why the World Health Organization is calling for intercultural partnerships to improve health care in these regions. They are, however, challenging due to disparate knowledge systems and lack of trust that hamper understanding and collaboration...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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