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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

Bakary Soro, N'golo Abdoulaye Koné, Linda Patricia Louyounan Vanié-Léabo, Souleymane Konaté, Adama Bakayoko, Daouda Koné
BACKGROUND: Many fungal species in tropical Africa are useful, with high added value, and play essential roles in the structure and dynamic of ecosystems. However, the diversity, distribution, and uses by local populations of these non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and their respective habitats are still very poorly understood in sub-Saharan Africa in general and more specifically in Côte d'Ivoire. This study aims at (i) inventorying the wild useful mushrooms of Côte d'Ivoire within its major protected areas and their respective surrounding sociolinguistical groups, according to climatic and phytogeographical gradients, and (ii) recording ethnomycological knowledge and considerations of these local people...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mark Bonta, María Teresa Pulido-Silva, Teresa Diego-Vargas, Aurelia Vite-Reyes, Andrew P Vovides, Angélica Cibrián-Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: This study documents cycad-human relationships in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras over the last 6000 years. The impetus was acute need for a better understanding of previously undocumented uses of cycads in this region, and the need to improve cycad conservation strategies using ethnobotanical data. We hypothesized that cycads are significant dietary items with no long-term neurological effects, are important to religious practice, and contribute to cultural identity and sense of place, but that traditional knowledge and uses are rapidly eroding...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Samuel Ojelel, Patrick Mucunguzi, Esther Katuura, Esezah K Kakudidi, Mary Namaganda, James Kalema
BACKGROUND: The consumption of wild plants is an ancient tradition which serves multiple purposes. Cognizant that Teso-Karamoja region is frequently affected by food scarcity and is not adequately surveyed for its flora, this study sought to establish an inventory and use of wild edible plants by the communities living in and around the forest reserves. METHODS: Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires administered to 240 respondents living in and around eight forest reserves between November 2017 and May 2018...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Hanan Aati, Ali El-Gamal, Hamdy Shaheen, Oliver Kayser
The Arabian Peninsula is recognized as an arid area dominated by deserts and poor biodiversity. However, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (henceforth abbreviated into KSA) has a wide range of flora, consisting of different species of trees, herbs, and shrubs and containing numerous edible and medicinal plants. The KSA is characterized by its vast area of diverse geographical landscapes and climates. Consequently, there is enormous variation in the distribution of plants across the Kingdom. The traditional use of ethnomedical plants in the KSA represents a strong interconnection among familiar remedies, health, diet, and traditional healing practices characterized by specific cultures...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
José Valberto de Oliveira, Sérgio de Faria Lopes, Raynner Rilke Duarte Barboza, Dilma Maria de Melo Brito Trovão, Maiara Bezerra Ramos, Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the diversity of living beings, including the classification and naming of species, is a fundamental condition for biological literacy with the aim of developing critical awareness of human relationships with nature, and for which formal education plays an important role. The present study aimed to analyze the representation that urban/rural students have for wild vertebrates and their main sources of knowledge. METHODS: Data collection took place in three public schools, one urban and two rural, in the municipality of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Isis Leite Medeiros Mascarenhas Andrade, Marcelo Schramm Mielke, Nivaldo Peroni, Alexandre Schiavetti
BACKGROUND: Traditional raft (jangada), piúba wood raft (jangada de pau de piúba), six-log raft (jangada de seis paus), and wooden raft (jangada de pau) are some of the names given to the traditional Brazilian watercrafts created from the buoyancy of bound logs. The traditional raft is a watercraft used and built by artisan fishermen who have, throughout generations, kept and improved knowledge related to this practice and the use of the plant species they need as raw materials. Active groups of these fishermen and their watercrafts are distributed along 200 km of the coast of the state of Bahia...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Yi Gou, Ruyan Fan, Shengji Pei, Yuhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Fleagrass, Adenosma buchneroides, is an aromatic perennial herb that occupies an important position in the life of the Akha people. They regard it as a tribal symbol and a gift of love. Fleagrass also has many medicinal uses, and there is considerable potential for its development as an insect repellent. Traditionally, Akha people plant it in swidden fields, but there are few swidden fields in China now. Therefore, the first question this study aims to answer is as follows: how is fleagrass planted and utilized now? At present, fleagrass is only reported to be used by Akha people in Mengla...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Mariano C Chabi, Anicet G Dassou, Innocent Dossou-Aminon, David Ogouchoro, Bonaventure Omondi Aman, Alexandre Dansi
BACKGROUND: The cultivated banana and plantain (Musa spp.) are valuable for nutritional and socio-economic security for millions of people worldwide. In Benin, banana and plantain are among the most produced, consumed, and traded commodities. Its production is mainly for local consumption and remains insufficient to the demand. However, the varietal diversity of banana and plantain cultivated in Benin is not documented. This study aims at characterizing the banana and plantain cropping systems, genetic diversity, and production constraints as a baseline to the full utilization of this resource in crop improvement and to identify the potential production and agronomic qualities...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Vanessa Moura Dos Santos Soares, Hyago Keslley de Lucena Soares, Suellen da Silva Santos, Reinaldo Farias Paiva de Lucena
BACKGROUND: The use of wild birds, for several purposes, is directly associated with cultural, ecological, and conservation issues. This study aimed to inventory the wild birds known and used in three communities in Paraíba state, northeast Brazil, and to investigate the sociocultural context in which these activities occur. METHODS: A total of 179 people (98 women and 81 men) were interviewed. Data were collected through free interviews, using semi-structured forms, and posing questions about the use of local wild birds...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Yanjie Wang, Aixia Jiao, Huicha Chen, Xiaoding Ma, Di Cui, Bing Han, Renchao Ruan, Dayuan Xue, Longzhi Han
BACKGROUND: Kam Sweet Rice (KSR) is a special kind of rice landrace that has been cultivated for thousands of years in the borders of Guizhou, Hunan, and Guangxi Provinces of China, and is mainly distributed in southeast Guizhou Province of China currently. KSR has many unique qualities, including strong resistance to diseases, pests, and adverse abiotic conditions, difficulty of threshing, and well glutinous features. KSR germplasm resources are an indispensable material and cultural symbol in the production and daily life and customs of the Dong people...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Essohouna Modom Banla, Daniel Kwadjo Dzidzienyo, Ifie Elohor Beatrice, Samuel Kwame Offei, Pangirayi Tongoona, Haile Desmae
BACKGROUND: Groundnut is an important legume crop in Togo. However, groundnut yield has been steadily decreasing for decades as a result of lack of organized breeding program to address production constraints. Though, low yielding varieties and late leaf spot have been often reported as the most important constraints, there is no documented evidence. Identifying and documenting the major production constraints is a prerequisite for establishing a good breeding program with clearly defined priority objectives and breeding strategies...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Yanxiao Fan, Yanqiang Zhao, Aizhong Liu, Alan Hamilton, Chuanfa Wang, Liangqun Li, Yekun Yang, Lixin Yang
BACKGROUND: Bai people in the Dali Prefecture of Northwest Yunnan, China, have a long history of using plant extracts to dye their traditional costumes and maintain this culture for posterity. However, the development of modern technology, while vastly improving the dyeing efficiency, is also replacing indigenous knowledge which threatens the indigenous practice, causing the latter disappearing gradually. This study sought to examine the indigenous knowledge of plants used for textile dyeing in Bai communities, so as to provide a foundation for their sustainable development...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Harpreet Bhatia, Yash Pal Sharma, R K Manhas, Kewal Kumar
BACKGROUND: Wild edible plants (WEPs) refer to edible species that are not cultivated or domesticated. WEPs have an important role to play in poverty eradication, security of food availability, diversification of agriculture, generation of income resources, and alleviating malnutrition. In the present study, an inventory of traditionally used WEPs from Udhampur district of J&K, India, has been prepared. METHODS: A systematic and extensive ethnobotanical survey was carried out in different villages of the district for the collection of information on WEPs...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Perla Carvalho Romanus, Fúlvio Rieli Mendes, Elisaldo de Araújo Carlini
BACKGROUND: Ethnopharmacological studies about migrants reveal a dynamic process of knowledge and use of medicinal plants. In this study, we sought to elucidate quantitative and qualitatively the main factors influencing the use of medicinal plants by migrants from rural areas to an urban region in Brazil with traces of remnant natural vegetation. METHODS: Seven Northeastern individuals who migrated to the Southeastern Region of Brazil (Bororé Peninsula, in the city of São Paulo) were selected to participate in semi-structured interviews regarding the use of medicinal plants throughout their lives, and indicated an inhabitant in their hometown that would be able to accompany the field collections in each area...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Marcelo Moreira de Carvalho, Mônica Rocha de Oliveira, Priscila Fabiana Macedo Lopes, Jorge Eduardo Lins Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Accessing folk knowledge from small-scale fishers is an affordable and reliable approach to understand the dynamic and diversity of shark species worldwide, especially of those eventually caught. In this context, ethnotaxonomy (folk identification and classification) may represent an alternative to support sharks fisheries management, especially in data-poor places. This study aimed to investigate fishing and ethnotaxonomy of the main shark species caught by small-scale fisheries from the coastal waters of the Brazilian Northeast...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Zivile Pranskuniene, Roberta Dauliute, Andrius Pranskunas, Jurga Bernatoniene
BACKGROUND: Modern ethnopharmaceutical studies are still quite unusual in Northern Europe. Data regarding the medicinal use of plants, animals, and fungi and also of spiritual rituals of healing is obtained mostly from ethnographic and folkloric sources in Lithuania. The aim of this study was to assess the ethnopharmaceutical knowledge regarding traditional use of natural substances for medicinal purposes in the Samogitia region and compare with prior research conducted 10 years prior in the same region...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Madalena Monteban, Valeria Yucra Velasquez, Benedicta Yucra Velasquez
BACKGROUND: The problem of childhood undernutrition in low-income countries persists despite long-standing efforts by local governmental and international development agencies. In order to address this problem, the Peruvian Ministry of Health has focused on improving access to primary healthcare and providing maternal and child health monitoring and education. Current maternal-child health policies in Peru introduce recommendations that are in some respect distinct from those of Indigenous highland communities...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Berenice Farfán-Heredia, Alejandro Casas, Selene Rangel-Landa
BACKGROUND: Traditional markets outstandingly contribute to conservation of biocultural diversity, social relations, and cultural values. These markets reflect life strategies and forms people of a region interact with their biodiversity and territories, as well as traditional ecological knowledge and management practices. To understand the factors motivating plant and mushroom management, we analyzed the resources cultural and economic values, their role in people's subsistence, and the relation of these values with the resources spatial and temporal availability...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Konoutan Médard Kafoutchoni, Rodrigue Idohou, Anthony Egeru, Kolawolé Valère Salako, Clément Agbangla, Aristide Cossi Adomou, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo
BACKGROUND: Spices have always been used for their flavor-enhancement characteristics and for their medicinal properties. In Benin, scientific research on spices is scarce, despite their importance in the local population's daily needs. This study investigated the diversity of wild spices and documented the associated traditional knowledge that can be used for their valuation, domestication, and sustainable management in the Sudano-Guinean Zone of Benin. METHODS: Data were collected during field expeditions using semi-structured interviews in ten localities across the three phytodistricts of the zone...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Jéronime Marie-Ange Sènami Ouachinou, Gbèwonmèdéa Hospice Dassou, Akomian Fortuné Azihou, Aristide Cossi Adomou, Hounnankpon Yédomonhan
BACKGROUND: We undertook ethnobotanical and ecological studies on fodder plants grazed by cattle across Benin national area. The study aims to ascertain the top priority fodder plants in order to catalogue the indigenous knowledge regarding their use. METHODS: Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and covered 690 breeders and 40 days of pasture walk. These were analysed using similarity index of Jaccard (IS), relative frequency citation (RFC) and fodder value during pasture walk (FVPW)...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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