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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#1
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086839/ethnobotanical-knowledge-acquisition-during-daily-chores-the-firewood-collection-of-pastoral-maasai-girls-in-southern-kenya
#2
Xiaojie Tian
BACKGROUND: Researchers considering children's traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) highlighted the importance of examining children's daily activities as empirical contexts for its acquisition. Many of them evaluated children's TEK acquisition linearly as gain or loss, and paid less attention to the adaptive nature of this knowledge system and the social relationships arising from its acquisition processes. This study approaches children's TEK acquisition considering these abovementioned aspects...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086808/a-quiet-harvest-linkage-between-ritual-seed-selection-and-the-historical-use-of-the-finger-bladed-knife-as-a-traditional-plant-breeding-tool-in-ifugao-philippines
#3
REVIEW
Kevin M Murphy
The transverse harvest knife, also commonly called the finger or finger-bladed knife, has been utilized by rice farmers in southeast Asia for many centuries. The finger knife persisted in many traditional cultures long after the introduction of the sickle, a tool which provided farmers with the means to execute a much faster harvest. Several theories in interpretative archaeology have attempted to account for this rejection of more modern technological innovations. These theories, which include community-based social organization ideas and practical reasons for the continued use of the finger knife, are presented in this paper...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049539/swiss-ethnoveterinary-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-a-within-country-comparison-of-italian-speaking-regions-with-north-western-german-speaking-regions
#4
Maria Mayer, Mirjam Zbinden, Christan R Vogl, Silvia Ivemeyer, Beat Meier, Michele Amorena, Ariane Maeschli, Matthias Hamburger, Michael Walkenhorst
BACKGROUND: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in Europe may play an important role as a basis for sustainable treatment options for livestock. Aims of our study were (a) to compare the ethnoveterinary practices of two culturally and sociodemographically different regions of Switzerland, (b) to compare results with earlier ethnoveterinary studies conducted in Switzerland and in adjacent Italian regions and, (c) to evaluate possible reasons for regional differences in European ethnoveterinary medicine...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927243/traditional-mapuche-ecological-knowledge-in-patagonia-argentina-fishes-and-other-living-beings-inhabiting-continental-waters-as-a-reflection-of-processes-of-change
#5
Juana Aigo, Ana Ladio
BACKGROUND: Understanding how people interpret environmental change and develop practices in response to such change is essential to comprehend human resource use. In the cosmology of the American indigenous peoples, as among the Mapuche people, freshwater systems are considered a living entity, where animals have an enormous role to play in the universe of meaning. However, human adaptive responses to freshwater system dynamics are scarcely examined. In this work a survey is carried out in three Mapuche communities of Argentine Patagonia to assess their traditional knowledge of the fishes and other non-human living beings that inhabit lakes and rivers...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899137/ethnobotanical-survey-of-cosmetic-plants-used-in-marquesas-islands-french-polynesia
#6
Xénia Jost, Jean-Luc Ansel, Gaël Lecellier, Phila Raharivelomanana, Jean-François Butaud
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic plants and their uses have often been neglected in ethnobotanical surveys which focus mainly on plants with medicinal or food uses. Thus, this survey was carried out to specifically investigate cosmetics in a small community and to establish a cosmetopoeia, based on the model of pharmacopoeia for medicinal plants. The geographic spread of the survey covered the Marquesas Islands, one of the five archipelagos of French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean). This archipelago was also recently investigated for its pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881142/ethnoagroforestry-integration-of-biocultural-diversity-for-food-sovereignty-in-mexico
#7
Ana Isabel Moreno-Calles, Alejandro Casas, Alexis Daniela Rivero-Romero, Yessica Angélica Romero-Bautista, Selene Rangel-Landa, Roberto Alexander Fisher-Ortíz, Fernando Alvarado-Ramos, Mariana Vallejo-Ramos, Dídac Santos-Fita
BACKGROUND: Documenting the spectrum of ecosystem management, the roles of forestry and agricultural biodiversity, TEK, and human culture for food sovereignty, are all priority challenges for contemporary science and society. Ethnoagroforestry is a research approach that provides a theoretical framework integrating socio-ecological disciplines and TEK. We analyze in this study general types of Agroforestry Systems of México, in which peasants, small agriculturalist, and indigenous people are the main drivers of AFS and planning of landscape diversity use...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846856/ethno-medicinal-survey-of-important-plants-practiced-by-indigenous-community-at-ladha-subdivision-south-waziristan-agency-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Atiq Ur Rehman, Rahmatullah Jan, Jafar Khan
BACKGROUND: Medicinal flora plays a vital role in treating various types of ailments in living beings. The present study was planned to investigate and document systematically the indigenous knowledge in a scientifically little explored area of Ladha sub-division, South Waziristan agency, Pakistan. Hence, this study would contribute positively to the field of ethnopharmacology. METHODS: Prior to ethnomedicinal data collection, regular field visits were conducted during the month of May and June 2015 to locate the sites and respondents from where the traditional knowledge was to be recorded...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825355/seahorses-in-focus-local-ecological-knowledge-of-seahorse-watching-operators-in-a-tropical-estuary
#9
Maria L F Ternes, Leopoldo C Gerhardinger, Alexandre Schiavetti
BACKGROUND: Seahorses are endangered teleost fishes under increasing human pressures worldwide. In Brazil, marine conservationists and policy-makers are thus often skeptical about the viability of sustainable human-seahorse interactions. This study focuses on local ecological knowledge on seahorses and the implications of their non-lethal touristic use by a coastal community in northeastern Brazil. Community-based seahorse-watching activities have been carried out in Maracaípe village since 1999, but remained uninvestigated until the present study...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788685/influence-of-ethnic-traditional-cultures-on-genetic-diversity-of-rice-landraces-under-on-farm-conservation-in-southwest-china
#10
Yanjie Wang, Yanli Wang, Xiaodong Sun, Zhuoma Caiji, Jingbiao Yang, Di Cui, Guilan Cao, Xiaoding Ma, Bing Han, Dayuan Xue, Longzhi Han
BACKGROUND: Crop genetic resources are important components of biodiversity. However, with the large-scale promotion of mono-cropping, genetic diversity has largely been lost. Ex-situ conservation approaches were widely used to protect traditional crop varieties worldwide. However, this method fails to maintain the dynamic evolutionary processes of crop genetic resources in their original habitats, leading to genetic diversity reduction and even loss of the capacity of resistance to new diseases and pests...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784304/riverine-fishers-knowledge-of-extreme-climatic-events-in-the-brazilian-amazonia
#11
Ana Isabel Camacho Guerreiro, Richard J Ladle, Vandick da Silva Batista
BACKGROUND: Climate change is altering climate patterns, mainly increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme events with potentially serious impacts on natural resources and the people that use them. Adapting to such impacts will require the integration of scientific and local (folk) knowledge, especially the first-hand experiences and perceptions of resource users such as fishers. In this study, we identify how commercial riverine fishers in the Amazon remember extreme climatic events (flood and drought) and how they face the consequences of extreme events on fish availability...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765051/wild-food-plants-and-minor-crops-in-the-ripoll%C3%A3-s-district-catalonia-iberian-peninsula-potentialities-for-developing-a-local-production-consumption-and-exchange-program
#12
Montse Rigat, Airy Gras, Ugo D'Ambrosio, Teresa Garnatje, Montse Parada, Joan Vallès
BACKGROUND: Wild food plants (WFP) have always been consumed by humans, first as the main basis of their food and, since the origins of agriculture, as ingredients of normal diets or as an alternative during situations of scarcity. In contemporary industrialized societies their use is for the most part being abandoned, but they may still play an important role. With the purpose of advancing in the ethnobotanical knowledge of one region of the Catalan Pyrenees, the present study reports the findings of a research project conducted in the Ripollès district (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula), concerning ethnobotanical knowledge and use of wild and semi-wild vascular plants as foods, along with minor crops...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737694/a-comparison-of-traditional-plant-knowledge-between-students-and-herders-in-northern-kenya
#13
Brett L Bruyere, Jonathan Trimarco, Saruni Lemungesi
BACKGROUND: The Samburu region of northern Kenya is undergoing significant change, driven by factors including greater value on formal education, improvements in infrastructure and development, a shift from community to private ownership of land, increased sedentary lifestyles and global climate change. One outcome of these changes are an increasingly greater likelihood for adolescent boys to be enrolled in school rather than herding livestock on behalf of the family in a landscape shared with numerous native vegetation and wildlife species...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729074/folk-knowledge-of-invertebrates-in-central-europe-folk-taxonomy-nomenclature-medicinal-and-other-uses-folklore-and-nature-conservation
#14
Viktor Ulicsni, Ingvar Svanberg, Zsolt Molnár
BACKGROUND: There is scarce information about European folk knowledge of wild invertebrate fauna. We have documented such folk knowledge in three regions, in Romania, Slovakia and Croatia. We provide a list of folk taxa, and discuss folk biological classification and nomenclature, salient features, uses, related proverbs and sayings, and conservation. METHODS: We collected data among Hungarian-speaking people practising small-scale, traditional agriculture. We studied "all" invertebrate species (species groups) potentially occurring in the vicinity of the settlements...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724928/children-as-ethnobotanists-methods-and-local-impact-of-a-participatory-research-project-with-children-on-wild-plant-gathering-in-the-grosses-walsertal-biosphere-reserve-austria
#15
Susanne Grasser, Christoph Schunko, Christian R Vogl
BACKGROUND: Ethically sound research in applied ethnobiology should benefit local communities by giving them full access to research processes and results. Participatory research may ensure such access, but there has been little discussion on methodological details of participatory approaches in ethnobiological research. This paper presents and discusses the research processes and methods developed in the course of a three-year research project on wild plant gathering, the involvement of children as co-researchers and the project's indications for local impact...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717395/wild-and-native-plants-and-mushrooms-sold-in-the-open-air-markets-of-south-eastern-poland
#16
Renata Kasper-Pakosz, Marcin Pietras, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: The study of plants and fungi sold in open-air markets is an important part of ethnobotanical enquiry. Only few such studies were carried out in Europe. METHODS: Four of the largest open-air markets of south-eastern Poland were visited regularly, and the plants sold in them were recorded between 2013 and 2015. The aim of the study was to record native and/or wild species sold in the markets. All the plants sold in the markets were photographed regularly...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716305/health-seeking-behavior-and-use-of-medicinal-plants-among-the-hamer-ethnic-group-south-omo-zone-southwestern-ethiopia
#17
Biniam Paulos, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Daniel Bisrat, Kaleab Asres
BACKGROUND: Health seeking behavior of people around the globe is affected by different socio-cultural and economic factors. In Ethiopia, people living in rural areas in particular, are noted for their use of medicinal plants as a major component of their health care option. This study was conducted to document ethnopharmacological information of the Hamer semi-pastoralists ethnic group in southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out whereby information on demographic characteristics, prevalence of perceived illnesses, factors associated with preference of health care seeking options, medicinal plants used and hoarded as well as some healers' socio-economic characteristics were collected using two sets of semi-structured questionnaires - one for household (HH) heads and the other for traditional healers supplemented by focus group discussions (FGDs)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650466/plants-from-disturbed-savannah-vegetation-and-their-usage-by-bakongo-tribes-in-u%C3%A3-ge-northern-angola
#18
Anne Göhre, Álvaro Bruno Toto-Nienguesse, Macaia Futuro, Christoph Neinhuis, Thea Lautenschläger
BACKGROUND: This study represents the first in-depth ethnobotanical study in the province of Uíge in northern Angola and documents the traditional knowledge of the Bakongo people living in the area. Due to deforestation and frequent fires, degraded savannahs dominate the landscape in the study region. Here we provide a list of useful plants from these savannahs including quantitative data about cultural importance of the respective species, aiming on the one hand to conserve the local knowledge and on the other hand to create a reliable basis for research projects in the region...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642747/fauna-used-by-rural-communities-surrounding-the-protected-area-of-chapada-do-araripe-brazil
#19
Kallyne Machado Bonifácio, Alexandre Schiavetti, Eliza Maria Xavier Freire
BACKGROUND: Studies on the inter-relations between people and animals have been considered essential to better understand the dynamics of socio-ecological systems. This study aimed to register the animal species known by the communities adjacent to National Forest of Araripe, their uses and if the close relationship affects the knowledge of useful species. METHODS: Data collection was conducted through a semi-structured inquiry form, free listings and guided tour...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619157/ethnobotanical-study-of-traditional-edible-plants-used-by-the-naxi-people-during-droughts
#20
Lingling Zhang, Zhenzhen Chai, Yu Zhang, Yanfei Geng, Yuahua Wang
BACKGROUND: Since 2009, millions of people have been forced to live under food shortage by the continuous drought in Southwestern China. The market was the primary source of aid grains, and fears that the market will be unable to provide sufficient food make safeguarding food security in the face of climate change crucial. Traditional adaptive strategies of pre-market indigenous people are a potential source of innovation. We studied three questions among the Naxi people: 1) What edible plants did they consume during droughts? 2) How did they produce enough food? 3) How did they consume these plants? This study investigates and documents traditional Naxi food knowledge to safeguard food security during drought and facilitate Chinese policy decisions...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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