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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#1
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#2
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482859/an-ethnopharmacological-evaluation-of-navapind-and-shahpur-virkanin-district-sheikupura-pakistan-for-their-herbal-medicines
#3
Maria Zahoor, Zubaida Yousaf, Tahreem Aqsa, Manahil Haroon, Nadia Saleh, Arusa Aftab, Sadia Javed, Mouzma Qadeer, Habiba Ramazan
BACKGROUND: The chief aim of this study was to enlist the ethnobotanical uses of wild plants in district Sheikhupura, province Punjab, Pakistan. Due to extreme geographical and climatic conditions, Pakistan has a great floral diversity. Plants have been used by the indigenous people for treatment of different ailments since long. They are still dependent on the plants for their domestic purposes. Moreover, plants are used as first aid to treat diverse ailments such as cold, cough, influenza, asthma, cancer, antidote, gastric and hepatic disorders...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476167/evaluating-fishermen-s-conservation-attitudes-and-local-ecological-knowledge-of-the-european-sardine-sardina-pilchardus-peniche-portugal
#4
Heitor O Braga, Ulisses M Azeiteiro, Henrique M F Oliveira, Miguel A Pardal
BACKGROUND: European sardines are an important fishing resource in the North Atlantic. Recognized for its great commercial and economic value in southern Europe, this resource currently has low stock indices. From this perspective, fishers' local ecological knowledge (LEK) is appreciated as an auxiliary tool in the management of sardines in this region. Our goal is to evaluate the LEK and attitudes towards the conservation of Sardina pilchardus in the typical fishing village of Peniche, Portugal...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476124/erratum-to-traditional-use-and-management-of-ntfps-in-kangchenjunga-landscape-implications-for-conservation-and-livelihoods
#5
Yadav Uprety, Ram C Poudel, Janita Gurung, Nakul Chettri, Ram P Chaudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472968/prioritizing-fodder-species-based-on-traditional-knowledge-a-case-study-of-mithun-bos-frontalis-in-dulongjiang-area-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#6
Yanfei Geng, Guoxiong Hu, Sailesh Ranjitkar, Yuhua Wang, Dengpan Bu, Shengji Pei, Xiaokun Ou, Yang Lu, Xuelan Ma, Jianchu Xu
BACKGROUND: Livestock rearing is one of the oldest and most important types of smallholder farming worldwide. The sustainability of livestock production depends on the efficient utilization of locally available resources. Some traditional methods of raising livestock may offer valuable lessons in this regard. This study documented and evaluated local knowledge of wild forage plants in the Dulongjiang area in Southwest China in the context of rearing mithun (Bos frontalis) in order to provide a sound evidence base for tree fodder selection and the establishment of integrated tree-crop-livestock systems...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449682/the-determinants-of-dietary-diversity-and-nutrition-ethnonutrition-knowledge-of-local-people-in-the-east-usambara-mountains-tanzania
#7
Bronwen Powell, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Sera L Young, Timothy Johns
BACKGROUND: Diet and nutrition-related behaviours are embedded in cultural and environmental contexts: adoption of new knowledge depends on how easily it can be integrated into existing knowledge systems. As dietary diversity promotion becomes an increasingly common component of nutrition education, understanding local nutrition knowledge systems and local concepts about dietary diversity is essential to formulate efficient messages. METHODS: This paper draws on in-depth qualitative ethnographic research conducted in small-scale agricultural communities in Tanzania...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438172/erratum-to-riverine-fishers-knowledge-of-extreme-climatic-events-in-the-brazilian-amazonia
#8
Ana Isabel Camacho Guerreiro, Richard J Ladle, Vandick da Silva Batista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356115/integrating-ethnobiological-knowledge-into-biodiversity-conservation-in-the-eastern-himalayas
#9
REVIEW
Alexander R O'Neill, Hemant K Badola, Pitamber P Dhyani, Santosh K Rana
Biocultural knowledge provides valuable insight into ecological processes, and can guide conservation practitioners in local contexts. In many regions, however, such knowledge is underutilized due to its often-fragmented record in disparate sources. In this article, we review and apply ethnobiological knowledge to biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas. Using Sikkim, India as a case study, we: (i) traced the history and trends of ethnobiological documentation; (ii) identified priority species and habitat types; and, (iii) analyzed within and among community differences pertaining to species use and management...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#10
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279218/-horchata-drink-in-southern-ecuador-medicinal-plants-and-people-s-wellbeing
#11
Montserrat Rios, Fani Tinitana, Pablo Jarrín-V, Natalia Donoso, Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides
BACKGROUND: The "horchata" is a herbal mixture infusion consumed in Southern Ecuador. It remains unknown how vendors group the plant species to sell them at traditional markets. This research documented the following: 1) a list of medicinal plant species sold for the drink; 2) the culturally important medicinal plant species; 3) the agreement among vendors regarding the medicinal plants species and their therapeutic use; and 4) the groups of medicinal plants sold for the preparation of "horchata...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279184/the-most-used-medicinal-plants-by-communities-in-mahaboboka-amboronabo-mikoboka-southwestern-madagascar
#12
Tabita N Randrianarivony, Aro Vonjy Ramarosandratana, Tefy H Andriamihajarivo, Fortunat Rakotoarivony, Vololoniaina H Jeannoda, Armand Randrianasolo, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: This paper reports a study undertaken in three remote communities (Mahaboboka, Amboronabo, Mikoboka), located in Sakaraha, Southwestern Madagascar. Not only villages are far away from sanitary infrastructures and doctors but drugs and consulting fees are unaffordable to villagers. They rely essentially on natural resources for health care as for most of rural areas in Madagascar. This paper aims to document medicinal plants used by communities in Sakaraha and to present the most important plant species used in traditional medicine...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279174/traditional-knowledge-on-wild-and-cultivated-plants-in-the-kilombero-valley-morogoro-region-tanzania
#13
Mirko Salinitro, Renzo Vicentini, Costantino Bonomi, Annalisa Tassoni
BACKGROUND: This research was performed in four villages adjacent the boundary of Udzungwa Mountains National Park in the Kilombero River plain of Tanzania. The area adjacent the villages is characterized by self-consumption agriculture, with a population that is on average poor, still very tied to traditions and almost entirely unaffected by modernization and technology. The aim of the present study was to investigate and record local knowledge regarding the use of wild and traditionally cultivated plants used for traditional medicine and for other everyday purposes (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231793/folk-use-of-medicinal-plants-in-karst-and-gorjanci-slovenia
#14
Mateja Lumpert, Samo Kreft
BACKGROUND: Information on the use of medicinal plants in Karst and Gorjanci is not available in the literature, but collection of plants is still an important and widespread practice in these regions. Karst and Gorjanci are two remote regions in Slovenia that are only 120 km apart but have different climates; one region is close to the Italian border, and the other is near the Croatian border. Our aim was to report and compare the use of medicinal plants in both regions. METHODS: From October 2013 to September 2014, 25 informants each in Karst and Gorjanci were interviewed during field research...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222809/indigenous-knowledge-and-use-of-lichens-by-the-lichenophilic-communities-of-the-nepal-himalaya
#15
Shiva Devkota, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Silke Werth, Christoph Scheidegger
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to document the prevailing indigenous knowledge and various uses of lichens among the lichenophilic communities in the hills and mountainous settlements of Nepal. METHODS: Ethnic uses were recorded during twelve field trips, each of roughly 15 days in three consecutive years, through direct questionnaires administered to 190 respondents. Lichen samples were identified applying microscopic observation and thin layer chromatography (TLC)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222790/the-bear-in-eurasian-plant-names-motivations-and-models
#16
REVIEW
Valeria Kolosova, Ingvar Svanberg, Raivo Kalle, Lisa Strecker, Ayşe Mine Gençler Özkan, Andrea Pieroni, Kevin Cianfaglione, Zsolt Molnár, Nora Papp, Łukasz Łuczaj, Dessislava Dimitrova, Daiva Šeškauskaitė, Jonathan Roper, Avni Hajdari, Renata Sõukand
Ethnolinguistic studies are important for understanding an ethnic group's ideas on the world, expressed in its language. Comparing corresponding aspects of such knowledge might help clarify problems of origin for certain concepts and words, e.g. whether they form common heritage, have an independent origin, are borrowings, or calques. The current study was conducted on the material in Slavonic, Baltic, Germanic, Romance, Finno-Ugrian, Turkic and Albanian languages. The bear was chosen as being a large, dangerous animal, important in traditional culture, whose name is widely reflected in folk plant names...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179025/the-role-of-nucularia-perrinii-batt-chenopodiaceae-in-the-camel-based-sahrawi-social-ecological-system
#17
Gabriele Volpato, Antonello Di Nardo
BACKGROUND: Pastoral social-ecological systems (SESs) are adaptive and complex systems rooted in the extensive exploitation of forage plants for livestock-based livelihoods and culture. There are species and relations that are foundational to the existence of these SESs. Nucularia perrinii Batt. (Chenopodiaceae) is an endemic halophyte plant of central and western Sahara seldom cited in the scientific literature. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of this plant in the SES of the Sahrawi camel nomads of Western Sahara...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179002/multi-functionality-of-the-few-current-and-past-uses-of-wild-plants-for-food-and-healing-in-liuba%C3%A5-region-belarus
#18
Renata Sõukand, Yanina Hrynevich, Iryna Vasilyeva, Julia Prakofjewa, Yuriy Vnukovich, Jury Paciupa, Aliaksei Hlushko, Yana Knureva, Yulia Litvinava, Siarhei Vyskvarka, Hanna Silivonchyk, Alena Paulava, Mare Kõiva, Raivo Kalle
BACKGROUND: This study examined the use of wild plants in the food, medicinal and veterinary areas within a small territory limited to one village council in the Liubań district of Belarus. The objectives of the research were to document the current and past uses of wild plants in this region for food and human/animal medication; to analyse the food, medicinal and veterinary areas in the context of wild plants; and to qualitatively compare the results with relevant publications concerning the wild food plants of Belarus...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#19
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178988/nested-houses-domestication-dynamics-of-human-wasp-relations-in-contemporary-rural-japan
#20
Charlotte L R Payne, Joshua D Evans
BACKGROUND: Domestication is an important and contested concept. Insects are used as food worldwide, and while some have been described as domesticated and even 'semi-domesticated', the assumptions and implications of this designation are not clear. The purpose of this paper is to explore these aspects of insect domestication, and broader debates in domestication studies, through the case of edible wasps in central rural Japan. METHODS: Both authors conducted ethnographic fieldwork with communities in central rural Japan...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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