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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764465/traditional-knowledge-and-cultural-importance-of-borassus-aethiopum-mart-in-benin-interacting-effects-of-socio-demographic-attributes-and-multi-scale-abundance
#1
Kolawolé Valère Salako, Francisco Moreira, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Frédéric Tovissodé, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo, Romain Lucas Glèlè Kakaï
BACKGROUND: Eliciting factors affecting distribution of traditional knowledge (TK) and cultural importance of plant resources is central in ethnobiology. Socio-demographic attributes and ecological apparency hypothesis (EAH) have been widely documented as drivers of TK distribution, but their synergistic effect is poorly documented. Here, we focused on Borassus aethiopum, a socio-economic important agroforestry palm in Africa, analyzing relationships between the number of use-reports and cultural importance on one hand, and informant socio-demographic attributes (age category and gender) on the other hand, considering the EAH at multi-scale contexts...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747673/ethnobotanical-survey-of-plants-used-as-repellents-against-housefly-musca-domestica-l-diptera-muscidae-in-budondo-subcounty-jinja-district-uganda
#2
Kalori Baana, Harriet Angwech, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga
BACKGROUND: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is a major public health and domestic pest that spoils food and causes irritation and is a vector of many infectious disease pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Currently, its control relies largely on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse health and environmental effects of pesticides, risk of development of insect resistance, and bioaccumulation through the food chain emphasize the need to search for environmentally friendly alternatives...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728134/ethnobotany-of-the-sierra-nevada-del-cocuy-g%C3%A3-ic%C3%A3-n-climate-change-and-conservation-strategies-in-the-colombian-andes
#3
Mireia Alcántara Rodríguez, Andrea Angueyra, Antoine M Cleef, Tinde Van Andel
BACKGROUND: The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy-Güicán in the Colombian Andes is protected as a National Natural Park since 1977 because of its fragile páramo ecosystems, extraordinary biodiversity, high plant endemism, and function as water reservoir. The vegetation on this mountain is threatened by expanding agriculture, deforestation, tourism, and climate change. We present an ethnobotanical inventory among local farmer communities and discuss the effects of vegetation change on the availability of useful plants...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724253/local-ecological-knowledge-concerning-the-invasion-of-amerindian-lands-in-the-northern-brazilian-amazon-by-acacia-mangium-willd
#4
REVIEW
Arlene Oliveira Souza, Maria do Perpétuo Socorro Rodrigues Chaves, Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa, Charles Roland Clement
INTRODUCTION: Invasive plants can impact biodiversity as well as the lives of native human populations. Natural ecosystems represent sources of natural resources essential for the subsistence and socio-cultural continuity of these social groups. Approximately 30,000 ha of Acacia mangium were planted for commercial purposes in savanna areas surrounding indigenous lands in Roraima State, Brazil, at the end of the 1990s. We examined the local ecological knowledge of indigenous Wapichana and Macuxi Amerindians, members of the Arawak and Carib linguistic families, respectively, concerning A...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724247/sociodemographic-differences-in-the-cultural-significance-of-edible-and-toxic-mushrooms-among-tsotsil-towns-in-the-highlands-of-chiapas-mexico
#5
Felipe Ruan-Soto
BACKGROUND: Mushrooms are important forest resources, mostly as food, despite the serious health threat posed by toxic species. In the Highlands of Chiapas, numerous wild mushroom intoxications have been registered. While Chiapas has been vastly studied from an ethnomycological perspective, no certainty exists as to how nomenclature systems differentiate edible and toxic species, which species are most culturally significant, and whether sociodemographic factors relate to how well-known they are in the Highlands of Chiapas...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699576/ethnobotanical-investigation-on-medicinal-plants-in-algoz-area-south-kordofan-sudan
#6
Tahani Osman Issa, Yahya Sulieman Mohamed, Sakina Yagi, Reem Hassan Ahmed, Telal Mohammed Najeeb, Abdelrafie Mohamed Makhawi, Tarig Osman Khider
BACKGROUND: The inhabitants of western Sudan use traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments due to lack of medical doctors and unaffordable prices of pharmaceutical products. The present study is the first documentation of the traditional plant knowledge on medicinal uses of plants by healers in Algoz (South Kordofan), Sudan. METHOD: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from March to November 2015 using semi-structured interviews with 30 healers (24 male and 6 female) living in the investigated area...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695283/survey-of-farmers-knowledge-of-cassava-mosaic-disease-and-their-preferences-for-cassava-cultivars-in-three-agro-ecological-zones-in-benin
#7
Jerome Anani Houngue, Justin S Pita, Gilles Habib Todjro Cacaï, Martine Zandjanakou-Tachin, Emmanuel A E Abidjo, Corneille Ahanhanzo
BACKGROUND: Cassava is an important crop in Africa that is widely cultivated for its starchy tuberous root, which constitutes a major source of dietary carbohydrates. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is the most devastating disease affecting cassava in Africa and causes enormous losses in yield. In Benin, specifically, cultivars resistant to CMD are not commonly planted, and even when CMD is observed in fields, farmers do not implement control measures, presumably because they lack proper knowledge and training...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695281/quantitative-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-the-communities-residing-in-koh-e-safaid-range-northern-pakistani-afghan-borders
#8
Wahid Hussain, Lal Badshah, Manzoor Ullah, Maroof Ali, Asghar Ali, Farrukh Hussain
BACKGROUND: The residents of remote areas mostly depend on folk knowledge of medicinal plants to cure different ailments. The present study was carried out to document and analyze traditional use regarding the medicinal plants among communities residing in Koh-e-Safaid Range northern Pakistani-Afghan border. METHODS: A purposive sampling method was used for the selection of informants, and information regarding the ethnomedicinal use of plants was collected through semi-structured interviews...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690891/palikur-traditional-roundwood-construction-in-eastern-french-guiana-ethnobotanical-and-cultural-perspectives
#9
Clémence Ogeron, Guillaume Odonne, Antonia Cristinoi, Julien Engel, Pierre Grenand, Jacques Beauchêne, Bruno Clair, Damien Davy
BACKGROUND: Palikur Amerindians live in the eastern part of French Guiana which is undergoing deep-seated changes due to the geographical and economic opening of the region. So far, Palikur's traditional ecological knowledge is poorly documented, apart from medicinal plants. The aim of this study was to document ethnobotanical practices related to traditional construction in the region. METHODS: A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. Thirty-nine Palikur men were interviewed in three localities (Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock, Regina and Trois-Palétuviers) between December 2013 and July 2014...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642950/melliferous-insects-and-the-uses-assigned-to-their-products-in-the-northern-yungas-of-salta-argentina
#10
Fabio Fernando Flores, Norma Inés Hilgert, Liliana Concepción Lupo
BACKGROUND: The order Hymenoptera comprises melliferous insects (bees, wasps and bumblebees); among them, stingless bees comprise a diverse group of eusocial insects present in tropical and subtropical areas. Of a total of approximately 500 species, 400 are found in the Neotropics. On the continent of America, before the introduction of Apis mellifera, these insects represented the main source of honey and wax. In Argentina, ethnobiological investigations had been carried out on this group of insects, principally in the Atlantic Forest and Chaco regions...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625616/the-role-of-ethnic-tourism-in-the-food-knowledge-tradition-of-tyrolean-migrants-in-treze-t%C3%A3-lias-sc-brazil
#11
Elisabeth Kuhn, Ruth Haselmair, Heidemarie Pirker, Christian R Vogl
BACKGROUND: Food knowledge and consumption in the context of migration is an important topic in ethnobiological research. Little research is done on the process of how external factors impact food knowledge amongst migrants. Taking into account social organisation and power relations of food knowledge transmission and distribution of food knowledge, this study sheds light on how the accessibility of resources, the predominant cuisine in the host country and ethnic tourism influences the food knowledge tradition of Tyrolean migrants and their descendants in Treze Tílias...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609649/ethnomycological-study-in-the-kilum-ijim-mountain-forest-northwest-region-cameroon
#12
N A Teke, T R Kinge, E Bechem, T M Nji, L M Ndam, A M Mih
BACKGROUND: Majority of the people in rural areas depend on traditional fungi-based medicines to combat different illnesses. This ethnomycological survey was undertaken to document the traditional knowledge of mushrooms among the communities in the Kilum-Ijim mountain forest reserve. Although macrofungi are exploited for food and medicine, their ethnomycological knowledge has not been documented in this ecosystem. METHODS: A field study was carried out between 2014 and 2015; 14 mushrooms used by the local communities were collected and identified using the polymorphism of the ribosomal ITS1, 5...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609628/reconsideration-of-the-nomadic-condition-of-the-southernmost-guachichiles-based-on-the-relationship-with-their-environment
#13
Eric Mellink, Mónica E Riojas-López, José Antonio Rivera-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: The Guachichiles were a group of Chichimeca people that inhabited the southern and central parts of the Mexican Plateau. In the southern area of their distribution, they occupied and used the tunales, extensive forests of arborescent nopales (Opuntia spp.). Their pre-Columbian distribution was dissected by the Royal Silver Road established by the Spaniards, and this lead to them being main protagonists in the so-called Chichimeca War, during the sixteenth century. With very little first-hand documentation, the Guachichiles were described as savage, warring, primitive, hunting nomads, but little efforts have been done to understand their daily life habits...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587813/use-patterns-use-values-and-management-of-afzelia-africana-sm-in-burkina-faso-implications-for-species-domestication-and-sustainable-conservation
#14
Larba Hubert Balima, Blandine Marie Ivette Nacoulma, Marius Rodrigue Mensah Ekué, François N'Guessan Kouamé, Adjima Thiombiano
BACKGROUND: The lack of literature on the interactions between indigenous people and the valuable agroforestry trees hinder the promotion of sustainable management of plant resources in West African Sahel. This study aimed at assessing local uses and management of Afzelia africana Sm. in Burkina Faso, as a prerequisite to address issues of domestication and sustainable conservation. METHODS: One thousand forty-four peoples of seven dominant ethnic groups were questioned in 11 villages through 221 semi-structured focus group interviews...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566709/cultural-significance-of-the-flora-of-a-tropical-dry-forest-in-the-doche-vereda-villavieja-huila-colombia
#15
Jeison Herley Rosero-Toro, Luz Piedad Romero-Duque, Dídac Santos-Fita, Felipe Ruan-Soto
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, ethnobotanical studies regarding plant cultural significance (CS) in tropical dry forests are scarce and mainly focused on the Caribbean region. Different authors have indicated that the plants with the most uses are those of greater cultural importance. Additionally, gender differences in knowledge and interest in natural resources has been widely recorded. This study evaluated the cultural significance of plants in the Doche community, in the Department of Huila...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558963/traditional-ecological-knowledge-based-assessment-of-threatened-woody-species-and-their-potential-substitutes-in-the-atakora-mountain-chain-a-threatened-hotspot-of-biodiversity-in-northwestern-benin-west-africa
#16
Pierre Onodje Agbani, Konoutan Médard Kafoutchoni, Kolawolé Valère Salako, Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Ahuéfa Mauricel Kégbé, Hahn Karen, Brice Sinsin
BACKGROUND: Atakora mountains in Benin are a unique but fragile ecosystem, harboring many endemic plant species. The ecosystem is undergoing degradation, and the woody vegetation is dramatically declining due to high anthropogenic actions and recurrent drought. This study aimed to (i) assess the diversity of threatened woody species and (ii) identify their potential substitutes in the three regions of the Atakora mountains namely East Atakora, Central Atakora, and West Atakora. METHODS: The data were collected during expeditions on surveyed localities through semi-structured individual interviews...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544521/herbal-bathing-an-analysis-of-variation-in-plant-use-among-saramaccan-and-aucan-maroons-in-suriname
#17
Charlotte I E A van 't Klooster, Vinije Haabo, Sofie Ruysschaert, Tessa Vossen, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Herbal baths play an important role in the traditional health care of Maroons living in the interior of Suriname. However, little is known on the differences in plant ingredients used among and within the Maroon groups. We compared plant use in herbal baths documented for Saramaccan and Aucan Maroons, to see whether similarity in species was related to bath type, ethnic group, or geographical location. We hypothesized that because of their dissimilar cultural background, they used different species for the same type of bath...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514692/the-ethnoprimatology-of-the-maijuna-of-the-peruvian-amazon-and-implications-for-primate-conservation
#18
Carla Mere Roncal, Mark Bowler, Michael P Gilmore
BACKGROUND: In Amazonia, primates are not only an important food source but they also hold significant cultural and symbolic value for many indigenous groups. We document the relationship between primates and community members of the Maijuna indigenous community of Sucusari in the Peruvian Amazon and describe how ethnoprimatological studies provide a better understanding of the significance of primates in people's lives. Additionally, we explore how ethnoprimatological studies can help inform and enhance primate conservation initiatives...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482630/perceptions-of-health-and-illness-among-the-konso-people-of-southwestern-ethiopia-persistence-and-change
#19
Tebaber Workneh, Guday Emirie, Mirgissa Kaba, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Helmut Kloos
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural studies indicate that every culture has its own particular explanations for health and illness and its own healing strategies. The Konso people have always practiced indigenous medicine and have multifaceted accounts or multiple dimensions of illness perceptions and health-care beliefs and practices. This paper describes how perceptions of health and illness are instrumental in health and treatment outcomes among the Konso people in southwestern Ethiopia. Results may provide an understanding of the perceptions of health and illness in relation to the local cosmology, religion, and environment...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471862/human-forest-interfaces-in-hugumburda-gratkhassu-national-forest-priority-area-north-eastern-ethiopia
#20
Leul Kidane, Sileshi Nemomissa, Tamrat Bekele
BACKGROUND: Traditional management regimes and knowledge systems of forest resources have shaped forests throughout the world where materials from individual species are harvested in a sustainable manner. To comprehend this, the vegetation of Hugumburda-Gratkhassu Forest was described and related to anthropogenic factors. METHODS: Three ethnobotanical research methods were used to collect indigenous knowledge of the local inhabitants related to conservation and utilization of forest resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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