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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051771/prevalence-predictors-and-economic-burden-of-morbidities-among-waste-pickers-of-mumbai-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Praveen Chokhandre, Shrikant Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The occupation of waste-picking characterised as 3Ds - dangerous, drudgery and demanding. In this context, the study aimed to assess occupational morbidities among the waste-pickers and attempts to identify potential individual level risk factors enhancing health risks. Additionally, economic burden of morbidities has been assessed. METHODS: The burden of the morbidities was assessed and compared with a comparison group through a cross-sectional survey...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912826/can-yesterday-s-smoking-research-inform-today-s-shiftwork-research-epistemological-consequences-for-exposures-and-doses-due-to-circadian-disruption-at-and-off-work
#2
Thomas C Erren, Philip Lewis
In 1950, landmark epidemiology studies by Wynder & Graham and Doll & Hill contributed to identifying smoking as a potent carcinogen. In 2007, IARC classified shiftwork involving circadian disruption (CD) as probably carcinogenic; however, epidemiological evidence in regards to the carcinogenicity of shiftwork that involves nightwork is conflicting. We hypothesize that shiftwork research is lacking chronobiological and methodological rigor and that lessons can be learned from comparison with smoking research...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878813/health-utilities-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Anna Lene Seidler, Constanze Rethberg, Jochen Schmitt, Albert Nienhaus, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common health problem, with a large potential for primary prevention. Health utilities (HU) reflect which proportion of their expected remaining life time individuals would hypothetically trade to be alleviated of a health condition of interest. A value of 0 means "prefer to die immediately", a value of 1 means "not willing to trade any life time". The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess HU for LBP patients and for healthy participants and to examine whether HU for LBP are useful indicators to substantiate preventive and therapeutic decision making...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855953/work-participation-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-is-this-addressed-in-physical-therapy-practice
#4
Wiebke Oswald, Nathan Hutting, Josephine A Engels, J Bart Staal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are the main complaints for visiting a physical therapist (PT) in primary health care; they have a negative effect on an individual's quality of life and result in a major cost to society. Qualitative research has shown that physical therapists (PTs) treating patients with these disorders experience barriers in the integration of occupational factors within their practice, and also revealed a lack of cooperation between PTs and (other) occupational healthcare providers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855952/assessment-of-museum-staff-exposure-to-arsenic-while-handling-contaminated-exhibits-by-urinalysis-of-arsenic-species
#5
Amanda Mithander, Thomas Göen, Gitte Felding, Peter Jacobsen
Preservation of museum objects with inorganic arsenic compounds and contamination of the surroundings has previously been documented. The present study addresses the exposure of museum staff by measuring arsenicals in urine. After 1 week without exposure, urinary samples were taken before and after handling of preserved skins and analysed by HPLC-ICP-MS for inorganic arsenic, arsenic metabolites and arsenobetaine. The sum of inorganic arsenic and metabolites was an index of exposure. Information about work and seafood intake was obtained by questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855951/migrating-pleural-plaque-in-a-patient-with-asbestos-induced-pleural-disease-a-case-report
#6
Christian Eisenhawer, Michael K Felten, Thomas Hager, Mikhail Gronostayskiy, Philipp Bruners, Andrea Tannapfel, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: Health surveillance of formerly asbestos exposed individuals focus on early detection of asbestos related diseases, such as lung fibrosis (asbestosis), pleural plaques, mesothelioma and lung cancer in particular. One main concern is the early and clear identification of lesions with a high risk of malignant changes and their undelayed clinical work-up. False positive results may lead to unnecessary and often painful diagnostic interventions, which create high costs when applied to a large cohort and also may discredit the whole program...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808478/the-portuguese-long-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-ii-copsoq-ii-a-validation-study
#7
Susel Rosário, Luís F Azevedo, João A Fonseca, Albert Nienhaus, Matthias Nübling, José Torres da Costa
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks are now widely recognised as one of the biggest challenges for occupational safety and health (OSH) and a major public health concern. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Portuguese long version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II), in order to analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument and to validate it. METHODS: The Portuguese COPSOQ II was issued to a total of 745 Portuguese employees from both private and public organisations across several economic sectors at a baseline and then 2 weeks later...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804505/an-etiologic-prediction-model-incorporating-biomarkers-to-predict-the-bladder-cancer-risk-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-aromatic-amines-a-pilot-study
#8
Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Angela Carta, Cecilia Arici, Sofia Pavanello, Stefano Porru
BACKGROUND: No etiological prediction model incorporating biomarkers is available to predict bladder cancer risk associated with occupational exposure to aromatic amines. METHODS: Cases were 199 bladder cancer patients. Clinical, laboratory and genetic data were predictors in logistic regression models (full and short) in which the dependent variable was 1 for 15 patients with aromatic amines related bladder cancer and 0 otherwise. The receiver operating characteristics approach was adopted; the area under the curve was used to evaluate discriminatory ability of models...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785297/self-reported-safety-practices-and-associated-factors-among-employees-of-dashen-brewery-share-company-gondar-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Solomon Tesfa Tezera, Daniel Haile Chercos, Awrajaw Dessie
BACKGROUND: According to International Labor Organization (ILO), occupational accidents and work-related diseases are the causes for millions of deaths of workers every year. In addition, many millions of workers suffer non-fatal injuries and illnesses. This research was conceived with aim to assess safety practices and associated factors among employees of Dashen brewery Share Company, Ethiopia. METHOD: Institutionalbased cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the level of self-reported safety practice and associated factors from February to March 2016, among Dashen brewery workers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785296/fostering-needs-assessment-and-access-to-medical-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-and-endangered-work-ability-protocol-of-a-multilevel-evaluation-on-the-effectiveness-and-efficacy-of-a-cme-intervention-for-general-practitioners
#10
Stephan Fuchs, Katrin Parthier, Andreas Wienke, Wilfried Mau, Andreas Klement
BACKGROUND: Studies show that endangered work ability (EWA) can be maintained or restored through medical rehabilitation (MR). For patients, general practitioners (GP) represent an important point of access to MR in outpatient care. However, many different barriers and shortcomings hinder GPs in both timely detection of the need for MR and the recognition of its potentials for their EWA-patients. These are necessary if GPs are to adequately inform patients about MR options and successfully support applications for MR...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769993/prevalence-habits-and-personal-attitudes-towards-smoking-among-health-care-professionals
#11
Brankica Juranić, Željko Rakošec, Jelena Jakab, Štefica Mikšić, Suzana Vuletić, Marul Ivandić, Ivka Blažević
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the second major cause of morbidity and the 4th most common health risk factor in the world. Medical professionals have a critical role in the process of smoking cessation both as advisers and behavioural models for the citizens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking among health care professionals, their smoking habits and personal attitudes toward smoking, role and the responsibility of health care professionals in the prevention of smoking...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747990/correlates-of-employment-status-in-individuals-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Saara Taponen, Lauri Lehtimäki, Kirsi Karvala, Ritva Luukkonen, Jukka Uitti
BACKGROUND: This study aims to elucidate factors that among adults with asthma are associated with working full-time. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey of 2613 working-age adults with asthma included questions on asthma history, symptoms and use of asthma medication, socioeconomic factors and health behavior. Full-time workers were compared to groups according to employment status: unemployed, work disability and retired due to age. RESULTS: Adults with asthma working full time were younger and more often nonmanual workers, experienced less asthma symptoms, used less asthma medication and smoked less than subjects with work disability...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736572/an-index-to-characterize-female-career-promotion-in-academic-medicine
#13
Dörthe Brüggmann, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are a key factor of gender disparities at the workplace. They may lead to stress and stress-related diseases including burnout, depression or cardiovascular diseases. Since this problem cannot be generalized and varies between different fields, new approaches are needed to assess and describe the magnitude of the problem in single fields of work. METHODS: To construct a new index, operating figures of female and male medical students were collected for Germany in a period over 15 years and their progression throughout their studies towards specialization and academic chair positions...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670330/retraction-note-assessment-of-the-influence-of-whole-body-vibration-on-cochlear-function
#14
Seyyed-Ali Moussavi-Najarkola, Ali Khavanin, Ramazan Mirzaei, Mojdeh Salehnia, Mehdi Akbari
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/1745-6673-7-12.].
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670329/the-effect-of-effort-reward-imbalance-on-the-health-of-childcare-workers-in-hamburg-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Peter Koch, Jan Felix Kersten, Johanna Stranzinger, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) among qualified childcare workers in Germany is currently estimated at around 65%. High rates of burnout and musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) have also been reported for this group. Previous longitudinal studies show inconsistent results with regard to the association between ERI and MS. As yet, no longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the association between ERI and burnout or MS in childcare workers. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a relationship between ERI and MS or burnout can be observed in childcare workers in Germany on a longitudinal basis...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638434/an-evaluation-of-the-protective-role-of-vitamin-c-in-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-hepatotoxicity-due-to-hexavalent-chromium-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Xiali Zhong, Ming Zeng, Huanfeng Bian, Caigao Zhong, Fang Xiao
BACKGROUD: Drinking water contamination with hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)] has become one of the most serious public health problems, thus the investigation of Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity has attracted much attention in recent years. METHODS: In the present study, by determining the indices of hepatotoxicity induced by Cr (VI), the source of accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the protective effect of the antioxidant Vitamin C (Vit C), we explored the mechanisms involved in Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596798/work-related-floors-as-injury-hazards-a-nationwide-pilot-project-analyzing-floors-in-theatres-and-education-establishments-in-germany
#17
Eileen M Wanke, Mike Schmidt, Doris Klingelhöfer, Jeremy Leslie-Spinks, Daniela Ohlendorf, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: An adequate dance floor is said to prevent injuries. On the basis of scientific research, numerous recommendations regarding an adequate dance floor have been developed. Up to the present, however, studies have still been lacking into how far these recommendations have already been implemented in theatres with regular dance productions and/or in-house dance ensembles. The aim of this study is to analyze a nationwide survey on dance floors of theatres and education establishments in Germany...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559920/assessment-of-long-term-cultivated-human-precision-cut-lung-slices-as-an-ex-vivo-system-for-evaluation-of-chronic-cytotoxicity-and-functionality
#18
Vanessa Neuhaus, Dirk Schaudien, Tatiana Golovina, Ulla-Angela Temann, Carolann Thompson, Torsten Lippmann, Claus Bersch, Olaf Pfennig, Danny Jonigk, Peter Braubach, Hans-Gerd Fieguth, Gregor Warnecke, Vidadi Yusibov, Katherina Sewald, Armin Braun
BACKGROUND: Investigation of basic chronic inflammatory mechanisms and development of new therapeutics targeting the respiratory tract requires appropriate testing systems, including those to monitor long- persistence. Human precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) have been demonstrated to mimic the human respiratory tract and have potential of an alternative, ex-vivo system to replace or augment in-vitro testing and animal models. So far, most research on PCLS has been conducted for short cultivation periods (≤72 h), while analyses of slowly metabolized therapeutics require long-term survival of PCLS in culture...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559919/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-foreign-students-in-l%C3%A3-beck-germany-tested-with-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-and-quantiferon-tb-gold-plus
#19
Elia Noemi Gallegos Morales, Johannes Knierer, Anja Schablon, Albert Nienhaus, Jan Felix Kersten
BACKGROUND: The tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in foreign-born individuals has been increasing in Germany in recent years. Foreign students may be an important source of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in low-incidence countries. In Germany, there are no guidelines for LTBI screening of foreign students. The aim of the study was to estimate LTBI prevalence and evaluate associated risk factors among foreign students in Germany. The second purpose of our study was to compare the results of the new generation of QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) to those of its predecessor QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT)...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507593/short-questionnaire-for-workplace-analysis-kfza-factorial-validation-in-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hospital-settings
#20
Patricia Appel, Michael Schuler, Heiner Vogel, Amina Oezelsel, Hermann Faller
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in psychosocial workplace risk assessments in Germany. One of the questionnaires commonly employed for this purpose is the Short Questionnaire for Workplace Analysis (KFZA). Originally, the KFZA was developed and validated for office workers. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the KFZA when applied to hospital settings. Therefore, we examined the factorial structure of a questionnaire that contained all the original items plus an extension adding 11 questions specific to hospital workplaces and analyzed both, the original version and the extended version...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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