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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344078/application-of-the-icf-based-norwegian-function-assessment-scale-to-employees-in-germany
#1
Sylvia Jankowiak, Uwe Rose, Norbert Kersten
Background: At the interface of the occupational setting and rehabilitation, normative values for functional ability are desirable and worthwhile. The Norwegian Function Assessment Scale (NFAS) is a 39 item self-report instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). As the questionnaire was not used in a working population, we aimed to obtain functional levels of employees in Germany as measured through the NFAS. Methods: The NFAS was included in the Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) 2011/12, a representative German survey of employees aged 31 to 60 years...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339966/acute-diesel-exhaust-exposure-and-postural-stability-a-controlled-crossover-experiment
#2
Jason Curran, Rachel Cliff, Nadine Sinnen, Michael Koehle, Chris Carlsten
Recent epidemiological evidence connects ambient air pollutants to adverse neurobehavioural effects in adults. In animal models, subchronic controlled exposures to diesel exhaust (DE) have also showed evidence of neuroinflammation. Evidence suggests that DE not only affects outcomes commonly associated with cognitive dysfunction, but also balance impairment. We conducted a controlled human exposure experiment with 28 healthy subjects (average age = 28 years (SD = 7.1; range = 21-49); and 40% female) who were exposed to two conditions, filtered air (FA) and DE (300 μg PM2...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321805/simultaneous-measurement-of-formic-acid-methanol-and-ethanol-in-vitreous-and-blood-samples-of-postmortem-by-headspace-gc-fid
#3
Hamideh Ghorbani, Alireza Nezami, Behjat Sheikholeslami, Arya Hedjazi, Mahnaz Ahmadimanesh
Background: Formic acid (formate) is the main reason for toxicity and death through methanol poisoning. The simultaneous determination of methanol, ethanol, and formate in the body can help to discover the cause of death and is useful in the diagnosis of acute methanol poisoning. The measurement of formate is not yet available in Iran. With regard to the increasing rate of methanol poisoning and its related mortality in Iran, as well as the main role of formate in methanol poisoning, this study was designed to set up an analytical method for the concurrent determination of ethanol, methanol, and formate...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234456/-it-s-still-a-great-adventure-exploring-offshore-employees-working-conditions-in-a-qualitative-study
#4
Janika Mette, Marcial Velasco Garrido, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser, Stefanie Mache
Background: Despite the particular demands inherent to offshore work, little is known about the working conditions of employees in the German offshore wind industry. To date, neither offshore employees' job demands and resources, nor their needs for improving the working conditions have been explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a qualitative analysis to gain further insight into these topics. Methods: Forty-two semi-structured telephone interviews with German offshore employees (n = 21) and offshore experts (n = 21) were conducted...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234455/vibration-thresholds-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-assessed-by-multiple-frequency-vibrometry-a-case-control-study
#5
Magnus Flondell, Birgitta Rosén, Gert Andersson, Tommy Schyman, Lars B Dahlin, Anders Björkman
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compression neuropathy, but there is no gold standard for establishing the diagnosis. The ability to feel vibrations in the fingertips is dependent on the function in cutaneous receptors and afferent nerves. Our aim was to investigate vibration perception thresholds (VPTs) in patients with CTS using multi-frequency vibrometry. Methods: Sixty-six patients (16 men and 50 women) with CTS, diagnosed from clinical signs and by electroneurography, and 66 matched healthy controls were investigated with multi-frequency vibrometry...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234454/pulmonary-injury-associated-with-spray-of-a-water-based-nano-sized-waterproofing-product-a-case-study
#6
Paul T J Scheepers, Lucie Masen-Poos, Frits G B G J van Rooy, Arné Oerlemans, Eline van Daalen, Robbert Cremers, Hera Lichtenbeld, Bonne Biesma, Jorid B Sørli, Ismo K Koponen, Søren Thor Larsen, Peder Wolkoff, Asger W Nørgaard
Background: In most reported cases of lung trauma with water proofing products, volatile organic compounds (VOC) have a prominent role. Here we report on a case involving ten workers exposed to a sprayed product containing nanoparticles in a water solution with only a few percent VOC. Case presentation: Ten workers suffered from respiratory symptoms following spray impregnation of hardwood furniture using a waterproofing product that contained positively charged fluorinated acrylate copolymer solid cores with a median diameter of 70 nm (1...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209407/heavy-metals-effect-on-breast-cancer-progression
#7
А Romaniuk, M Lyndin, V Sikora, Y Lyndina, S Romaniuk, K Sikora
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequent localization of malignant process in American women and women of European countries. To date it is not possible to control the morbidity growth due to lack of effective ways of primary prevention. Comparing the incidence of breast cancer in developed countries with the countries of Asia and Africa, there is the fact of population predominance lesion in more urbanized countries. This suggests that the environment along with other factors, occupies a significant place in the initiation and progression of breast neoplasia...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201133/risk-of-lymphoma-subtypes-by-occupational-exposure-in-southern-italy
#8
Giovanni Maria Ferri, Giorgina Specchia, Patrizio Mazza, Giuseppe Ingravallo, Graziana Intranuovo, Chiara Monica Guastadisegno, Maria Luisa Congedo, Gianfranco Lagioia, Maria Cristina Loparco, Annamaria Giordano, Tommasina Perrone, Francesco Guadio, Caterina Spinosa, Carla Minoia, Lucia D'Onghia, Michela Strusi, Vincenzo Corrado, Domenica Cavone, Luigi Vimercati, Nunzia Schiavulli, Pierluigi Cocco
Background: Occupational exposure is known to play a role in the aetiology of lymphomas. The aim of the present work was to explore the occupational risk of the major B-cell lymphoma subtypes using a case-control study design. Methods: From 2009 to 2014, we recruited 158 lymphoma cases and 76 controls in the provinces of Bari and Taranto (Apulia, Southern Italy). A retrospective assessment of occupational exposure based on complete work histories and the Carcinogen Exposure (CAREX) job-exposure matrix was performed...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051771/prevalence-predictors-and-economic-burden-of-morbidities-among-waste-pickers-of-mumbai-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Praveen Chokhandre, Shrikant Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The occupation of waste-picking characterised as 3Ds - dangerous, drudgery and demanding. In this context, the study aimed to assess occupational morbidities among the waste-pickers and attempts to identify potential individual level risk factors enhancing health risks. Additionally, economic burden of morbidities has been assessed. METHODS: The burden of the morbidities was assessed and compared with a comparison group through a cross-sectional survey...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912826/can-yesterday-s-smoking-research-inform-today-s-shiftwork-research-epistemological-consequences-for-exposures-and-doses-due-to-circadian-disruption-at-and-off-work
#10
Thomas C Erren, Philip Lewis
In 1950, landmark epidemiology studies by Wynder & Graham and Doll & Hill contributed to identifying smoking as a potent carcinogen. In 2007, IARC classified shiftwork involving circadian disruption (CD) as probably carcinogenic; however, epidemiological evidence in regards to the carcinogenicity of shiftwork that involves nightwork is conflicting. We hypothesize that shiftwork research is lacking chronobiological and methodological rigor and that lessons can be learned from comparison with smoking research...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878813/health-utilities-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Anna Lene Seidler, Constanze Rethberg, Jochen Schmitt, Albert Nienhaus, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common health problem, with a large potential for primary prevention. Health utilities (HU) reflect which proportion of their expected remaining life time individuals would hypothetically trade to be alleviated of a health condition of interest. A value of 0 means "prefer to die immediately", a value of 1 means "not willing to trade any life time". The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess HU for LBP patients and for healthy participants and to examine whether HU for LBP are useful indicators to substantiate preventive and therapeutic decision making...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855953/work-participation-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-is-this-addressed-in-physical-therapy-practice
#12
Wiebke Oswald, Nathan Hutting, Josephine A Engels, J Bart Staal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are the main complaints for visiting a physical therapist (PT) in primary health care; they have a negative effect on an individual's quality of life and result in a major cost to society. Qualitative research has shown that physical therapists (PTs) treating patients with these disorders experience barriers in the integration of occupational factors within their practice, and also revealed a lack of cooperation between PTs and (other) occupational healthcare providers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855952/assessment-of-museum-staff-exposure-to-arsenic-while-handling-contaminated-exhibits-by-urinalysis-of-arsenic-species
#13
Amanda Mithander, Thomas Göen, Gitte Felding, Peter Jacobsen
Preservation of museum objects with inorganic arsenic compounds and contamination of the surroundings has previously been documented. The present study addresses the exposure of museum staff by measuring arsenicals in urine. After 1 week without exposure, urinary samples were taken before and after handling of preserved skins and analysed by HPLC-ICP-MS for inorganic arsenic, arsenic metabolites and arsenobetaine. The sum of inorganic arsenic and metabolites was an index of exposure. Information about work and seafood intake was obtained by questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855951/migrating-pleural-plaque-in-a-patient-with-asbestos-induced-pleural-disease-a-case-report
#14
Christian Eisenhawer, Michael K Felten, Thomas Hager, Mikhail Gronostayskiy, Philipp Bruners, Andrea Tannapfel, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: Health surveillance of formerly asbestos exposed individuals focus on early detection of asbestos related diseases, such as lung fibrosis (asbestosis), pleural plaques, mesothelioma and lung cancer in particular. One main concern is the early and clear identification of lesions with a high risk of malignant changes and their undelayed clinical work-up. False positive results may lead to unnecessary and often painful diagnostic interventions, which create high costs when applied to a large cohort and also may discredit the whole program...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808478/the-portuguese-long-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-ii-copsoq-ii-a-validation-study
#15
Susel Rosário, Luís F Azevedo, João A Fonseca, Albert Nienhaus, Matthias Nübling, José Torres da Costa
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks are now widely recognised as one of the biggest challenges for occupational safety and health (OSH) and a major public health concern. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Portuguese long version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II), in order to analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument and to validate it. METHODS: The Portuguese COPSOQ II was issued to a total of 745 Portuguese employees from both private and public organisations across several economic sectors at a baseline and then 2 weeks later...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804505/an-etiologic-prediction-model-incorporating-biomarkers-to-predict-the-bladder-cancer-risk-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-aromatic-amines-a-pilot-study
#16
Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Angela Carta, Cecilia Arici, Sofia Pavanello, Stefano Porru
BACKGROUND: No etiological prediction model incorporating biomarkers is available to predict bladder cancer risk associated with occupational exposure to aromatic amines. METHODS: Cases were 199 bladder cancer patients. Clinical, laboratory and genetic data were predictors in logistic regression models (full and short) in which the dependent variable was 1 for 15 patients with aromatic amines related bladder cancer and 0 otherwise. The receiver operating characteristics approach was adopted; the area under the curve was used to evaluate discriminatory ability of models...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785297/self-reported-safety-practices-and-associated-factors-among-employees-of-dashen-brewery-share-company-gondar-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Solomon Tesfa Tezera, Daniel Haile Chercos, Awrajaw Dessie
BACKGROUND: According to International Labor Organization (ILO), occupational accidents and work-related diseases are the causes for millions of deaths of workers every year. In addition, many millions of workers suffer non-fatal injuries and illnesses. This research was conceived with aim to assess safety practices and associated factors among employees of Dashen brewery Share Company, Ethiopia. METHOD: Institutionalbased cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the level of self-reported safety practice and associated factors from February to March 2016, among Dashen brewery workers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785296/fostering-needs-assessment-and-access-to-medical-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-and-endangered-work-ability-protocol-of-a-multilevel-evaluation-on-the-effectiveness-and-efficacy-of-a-cme-intervention-for-general-practitioners
#18
Stephan Fuchs, Katrin Parthier, Andreas Wienke, Wilfried Mau, Andreas Klement
BACKGROUND: Studies show that endangered work ability (EWA) can be maintained or restored through medical rehabilitation (MR). For patients, general practitioners (GP) represent an important point of access to MR in outpatient care. However, many different barriers and shortcomings hinder GPs in both timely detection of the need for MR and the recognition of its potentials for their EWA-patients. These are necessary if GPs are to adequately inform patients about MR options and successfully support applications for MR...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769993/prevalence-habits-and-personal-attitudes-towards-smoking-among-health-care-professionals
#19
Brankica Juranić, Željko Rakošec, Jelena Jakab, Štefica Mikšić, Suzana Vuletić, Marul Ivandić, Ivka Blažević
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the second major cause of morbidity and the 4th most common health risk factor in the world. Medical professionals have a critical role in the process of smoking cessation both as advisers and behavioural models for the citizens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking among health care professionals, their smoking habits and personal attitudes toward smoking, role and the responsibility of health care professionals in the prevention of smoking...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747990/correlates-of-employment-status-in-individuals-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Saara Taponen, Lauri Lehtimäki, Kirsi Karvala, Ritva Luukkonen, Jukka Uitti
BACKGROUND: This study aims to elucidate factors that among adults with asthma are associated with working full-time. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey of 2613 working-age adults with asthma included questions on asthma history, symptoms and use of asthma medication, socioeconomic factors and health behavior. Full-time workers were compared to groups according to employment status: unemployed, work disability and retired due to age. RESULTS: Adults with asthma working full time were younger and more often nonmanual workers, experienced less asthma symptoms, used less asthma medication and smoked less than subjects with work disability...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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