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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904647/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-healthcare-workers-at-a-hospital-in-naples-italy-a-low-incidence-country
#1
Monica Lamberti, Mariarosaria Muoio, Antonio Arnese, Sharon Borrelli, Teresa Di Lorenzo, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Giuseppe Signoriello, Stefania De Pascalis, Nicola Coppola, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at higher risk than the general population of contracting tuberculosis (TB). Moreover, although subjects with latent TB infection (LTBI) are asymptomatic and are not infectious, they may eventually develop active disease. Thus, a fundamental tool of TB control programs for HCWs is the screening and treatment of LTBI. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2015, hospital personnel at Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Naples, Italy, were screened for TB...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904646/hepatitis-c-among-healthcare-personnel-secondary-data-analyses-of-costs-and-trends-for-hepatitis-c-infections-with-occupational-causes
#2
Claudia Westermann, Madeleine Dulon, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C infection is a global public health issue. Chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the costs for occupationally-cased hepatitis C infections based on data from an accident insurance carrier. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis based on the Database of a German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance. The analysis is based on a sample of insured parties whose hepatitis C infections were recorded as occupational diseases between 1996 and 2013...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833649/use-of-moulded-hearing-protectors-by-child-care-workers-an-interventional-pilot-study
#4
Peter Koch, Johanna Stranzinger, Jan Felix Kersten, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Employees of a multi-site institution for children and adolescents started to wear moulded hearing protectors (MHPs) during working hours, as they were suffering from a high level of noise exposure. It was agreed with the institutional physician and the German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention in the Health and Welfare Services (BGW) that this presented an opportunity to perform a scientific study to investigate potential beneficial effects on risk of burnout and subjective noise exposure at work when child care workers wear MHPs...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833648/alternative-drugs-go-global-possible-lead-and-or-mercury-intoxication-from-imported-natural-health-products-and-a-need-for-scientifically-evaluated-poisoning-monitoring-from-environmental-exposures
#5
Lygia Therese Budnik, Xaver Baur, Volker Harth, Axel Hahn
BACKGROUND: With increases in globalization, cultural remedies from Chinese, Ayurvedic, Arab and other traditions have become more available to international consumers, offering unfamiliar "Natural Health Products" (NHP), used as alternative medicine or supplementary medicine. Contamination with toxic ingredients including lead, mercury, arsenic, and other toxic elements has been documented in several of these products from various parts of the globe, particularly from some parts of Asia and the Orient...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800010/work-related-injuries-among-farmers-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-nepal
#6
Devendra Bhattarai, Suman Bahadur Singh, Dharanidhar Baral, Ram Bilakshan Sah, Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Agriculture work is one of the most hazardous occupations across countries of all income groups. In Nepal, 74 % of people are working in the agricultural sector. This study aims to identify patterns and factors associated with injuries among farmers of rural Nepal. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural village in eastern Nepal. House to house visit was done to collect data from the farmers. The study included 500 farmers from Shanishchare village in Morang district of Nepal...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752276/imbalances-in-the-german-public-health-system-numbers-of-state-certified-occupational-physicians-and-relation-to-socioeconomic-data
#7
Christoph Gyo, Michael Boll, Dörthe Brüggmann, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: State-certified occupational physicians who work as civil servants in the Federal Republic of Germany are key players in the German Public Health system. They control i.e. the legal compliance in occupational health and participate in the occupational disease procedures. Despite the role model function of the German Public health system for many developing countries, this area of Public health is debated to have been hampered in the past years by a disregard concerning structural developments...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688795/fungal-cell-wall-agents-and-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-in-organic-dust-as-possible-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-sarcoidosis
#8
Sanja Stopinšek, Alojz Ihan, Barbara Salobir, Marjeta Terčelj, Saša Simčič
BACKGROUND: Composition of organic dust is very complex, involving particles of microbial, animal and plant origin. Several environmental exposure studies associate microbial cell wall agents in organic dust with various respiratory symptoms and diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of the co-exposure of fungal cell wall agents (FCWAs) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on inflammatory immune responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660643/total-and-respirable-dust-exposures-among-carpenters-and-demolition-workers-during-indoor-work-in-denmark
#9
Lilli Kirkeskov, Dorte Jessing Agerby Hanskov, Charlotte Brauer
BACKGROUND: Within the construction industry the risk of lung disorders depends on the specific professions probably due to variations in the levels of dust exposure, and with dust levels depending on the work task and job function. We do not know the extent of exposure in the different professions or the variation between the different work tasks. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess if there were differences in dust exposure between carpenters and demolition workers who were expected to have low and high dust exposure, respectively...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651824/improved-method-for-measurement-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-in-rat-lung
#10
Makoto Ohnishi, Masaaki Suzuki, Masahiro Yamamoto, Tatsuya Kasai, Hirokazu Kano, Hideki Senoh, Ichiro Higashikubo, Akihiro Araki, Shoji Fukushima
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have developed and reported the method of measuring multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) in the lung from rats exposed to MWCNT intratracheally. The present research was performed to improve the analytical method of MWCNT to measure multiple samples in a short period of time. For the xanalysis of MWCNTs from tissues, the existence of carbon black may interfere. Therefore, it was examined whether or not carbon black interfere the determination of MWCNT in the standard solutions...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651823/gendermetrics-net-a-novel-software-for-analyzing-the-gender-representation-in-scientific-authoring
#11
Michael H K Bendels, Dörthe Brüggmann, Norman Schöffel, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are believed to be strong in the field of academic science. A primary parameter to analyze gender inequalities is the gender authoring in scientific publications. Since the presently available data on gender distribution is largely limited to underpowered studies, we here develop a new approach to analyze authors' genders in large bibliometric databases. RESULTS: A SQL-Server based multiuser software suite was developed that serves as an integrative tool for analyzing bibliometric data with a special emphasis on gender and topographical analysis...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617025/holi-colours-contain-pm10-and-can-induce-pro-inflammatory-responses
#12
Katrin Bossmann, Sabine Bach, Conny Höflich, Kerttu Valtanen, Rita Heinze, Anett Neumann, Wolfgang Straff, Katrin Süring
BACKGROUND: At Holi festivals, originally celebrated in India but more recently all over the world, people throw coloured powder (Holi powder, Holi colour, Gulal powder) at each other. Adverse health effects, i.e. skin and ocular irritations as well as respiratory problems may be the consequences. The aim of this study was to uncover some of the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We analysed four different Holi colours regarding particle size using an Electric field cell counting system...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582781/job-satisfaction-of-foreign-national-physicians-working-in-patient-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-saxony-germany
#13
Birte Pantenburg, Katharina Kitze, Melanie Luppa, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Physician migration is gaining attention worldwide. Despite increasing numbers of foreign physicians in Germany, their perceptions on working in Germany remain unexplored. Within a large survey on Saxon physicians, the aim of this study was to elucidate whether foreign-national physicians' job satisfaction differed from German physicians' job satisfaction. METHODS: The study was designed as a comprehensive cross-sectional survey. All physicians ≤40 years and registered with the State Chamber of Physicians of Saxony (n = 5956) were mailed a paper-pencil questionnaire, of which 2357 were returned (response rate = 40 %)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570536/is-outdoor-work-associated-with-elevated-rates-of-cerebrovascular-disease-mortality-a-cohort-study-based-on-iron-ore-mining
#14
Ove Björ, Håkan Jonsson, Lena Damber, Lage Burström, Tohr Nilsson
BACKGROUND: A cohort study that examined iron ore mining found negative associations between cumulative working time employed underground and several outcomes, including mortality of cerebrovascular diseases. In this cohort study, and using the same group of miners, we examined whether work in an outdoor environment could explain elevated cerebrovascular disease rates. METHODS: This study was based on a Swedish iron ore mining cohort consisting of 13,000 workers...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532013/textile-industry-and-occupational-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Zorawar Singh, Pooja Chadha
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY: Thousands of workers are engaged in textile industry worldwide. Textile industry involves the use of different kinds of dyes which are known to possess carcinogenic properties. Solvents used in these industries are also associated with different health related hazards including cancer. In previous studies on textile and iron industries, the authors have reported genotoxicity among them and observed occurrence of cancer deaths among textile industry workers. Thus, an attempt has been made to compile the studies on the prevalence of different types of cancers among textile industry workers...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462362/malignant-mesothelioma-incidence-by-nation-wide-cancer-registry-a-population-based-study
#16
Kristinn Tomasson, Gunnar Gudmundsson, Haraldur Briem, Vilhjalmur Rafnsson
BACKGROUND: Malignant mesothelioma caused by asbestos exposure has a long latency period. A ban on asbestos use may not be apparent in decreased incidence in the population until after several decades. The aim was to evaluate changes in the incidence of malignant mesothelioma, and the possible impact of the asbestos ban implemented in Iceland in 1983. METHODS: This is a population study on aggregate level; the source of data was the Icelandic Cancer Registry, the National Cause-of-Death Registry, and the National Register...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453719/does-the-low-level-occupational-exposure-to-volatile-organic-compounds-alter-the-seasonal-variation-of-selected-markers-of-oxidative-stress-a-case-control-study-in-nail-technicians
#17
Peter Grešner, Radosław Świercz, Magdalena Beata Król, Ewa Twardowska, Jolanta Gromadzińska, Wojciech Wąsowicz
BACKGROUND: In this study we tested whether the seasonal variations in levels of selected biomarkers of oxidative stress in female nail technicians occupationally exposed to low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) differ significantly from those observed among healthy unexposed controls. Airborne levels of selected VOCs in nail salons were also analyzed and tested for associations with seasonal variations of the levels of biomarkers among nail technicians. METHODS: The study enrolled 145 female nail technicians and 145 healthy unexposed female controls...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453718/a-case-case-study-on-sinonasal-cancer-prevention-effect-from-dust-reduction-in-woodworking-and-risk-of-mastic-solvents-in-shoemaking
#18
Enzo Emanuelli, Enrico Alexandre, Diego Cazzador, Vera Comiati, Tiziana Volo, Alessia Zanon, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Mariella Carrieri, Alessandro Martini, Giuseppe Mastrangelo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sinonasal cancers (SNCs) are rare neoplasms, accounting for about 3 % of head and neck cancers, with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC) as the most common subtypes. ADCs present strong associations with occupational wood dust exposure. Preventive measures have progressively reduced wood dust concentrations in workplaces but no study has evaluated the effectiveness of such interventions. Few studies indicate associations between ADC and exposure to solvents, which is common in the shoe industry, but this hypothesis still needs confirmation...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429641/standard-values-of-the-upper-body-posture-and-postural-control-a-study-protocol
#19
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christoph Mickel, Natalie Filmann, Eileen M Wanke, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Decisions on orthopedic interventions on upper body posture and its control have usually resulted from comparisons with the healthy state. Therefore, practitioners as well as scientists in human movement science or orthopedics need access to such kind of data which are patient-centered and well measured. Until now, these data have been missing concerning upper body posture as well as postural control and their control. That is why the aim of the current project is to measure these data with healthy participants across the lifespan...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429640/quantification-of-cell-free-dna-for-evaluating-genotoxic-damage-from-occupational-exposure-to-car-paints
#20
Mónica Villalba-Campos, Sandra Rocío Ramírez-Clavijo, Magda Carolina Sánchez-Corredor, Milena Rondón-Lagos, Milcíades Ibáñez-Pinilla, Ruth Marien Palma, Marcela Eugenia Varona-Uribe, Lilian Chuaire-Noack
BACKGROUND: For several years, cell-free DNA has been emerging as an important biomarker for non-invasive diagnostic in a wide range of clinical conditions and diseases. The limited information available on the genotoxic effects associated with occupational exposure to car paints, as well as the fact that up-to-date there are not reports about cell-free DNA measurements for assessing this condition, led us to evaluate the DNA damage caused by the occupational exposure to organic solvents contained in car paints, through the quantification of the cell-free DNA and the comet assay, in a sample of 33 individuals taken from 10 automobile paint shops located in Bogota DC, Colombia...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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