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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

Amber Mehmood, Zaw Maung, Rafael J Consunji, Ayman El-Menyar, Ruben Peralta, Hassan Al-Thani, Adnan A Hyder
Work related injuries (WRIs) are a growing public health concern that remains under-recognized, inadequately addressed and largely unmeasured in low and middle-income countries (LMIC's). However, even in high-income countries, such as those in Gulf Cooperating Council (GCC) like Qatar, there are challenges in assuring the health and safety of its labor population. Countries in the GCC have been rapidly developing as a result of the economic boom from the petrochemical industry during the early seventies. Economic prosperity has propelled the migration of workers from less developed countries to make up for the human resource deficiency to develop its infrastructure, service and hospitality industries...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Sabine Werner, Eberhard Nies
Occupational exposure to numerous individual chemicals has been associated with olfactory dysfunction, mainly in individual case descriptions. Comprehensive epidemiological investigations into the olfactotoxic effect of working substances show that the human sense of smell may be impaired by exposure to metal compounds involving cadmium, chromium and nickel, and to formaldehyde. This conclusion is supported by the results of animal experiments. The level of evidence for a relationship between olfactory dysfunction and workplace exposure to other substances is relatively weak...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Dominik Pförringer, Regina Mayer, Christa Meisinger, Dennis Freuer, Florian Eyer
Background: Previous studies were able to show that hazardous alcohol and substance abuse among physicians is not rare. Currently no recent data to detect risk groups are available either on the prevalence of hazardous drinking disorders and risky health behaviour among physicians or on influencing factors (age, gender, role, institution, specialization, working hours). Methods: A 42-item online questionnaire was distributed to 38 university hospitals, 296 teaching hospitals and 1290 physicians in private practice...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Nuwadatta Subedi, Ishwari Sharma Paudel, Ajay Khadka, Umesh Shrestha, Vipul Bhusan Mallik, K C Ankur
Background: Snake bite is a neglected public health problem in tropical and subtropical region. The study was conducted with objectives to determine the knowledge of first aid methods in snake bite and the perception of snake bite among the medical students of Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara, Nepal. Methods: We conducted a cross sectional survey among 302 (231 preclinical and 71 clinical) Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students of Gandaki Medical College using a pretested questionnaire to assess the knowledge of first aid of snake bite based on WHO protocol and perception of snakebite...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Xaver Baur, Lygia Therese Budnik, Zhiwei Zhao, Louis Verschoor, Federico Maria Rubino, Claudio Colosio, Jorgen R Jepsen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12995-015-0059-4.].
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Jian Li, Martin Bidlingmaier, Raluca Petru, Francisco Pedrosa Gil, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer
Background: Cumulative epidemiological evidence suggests that shift work exerts harmful effects on human health. However, the physiological mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to examine the impact of shift work on the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, i.e. diurnal cortisol rhythm. Methods: Seventy physicians with a mean age 30 years participated in this one-year longitudinal study. Working schedules, either shift work or regular schedules with day shift, were assessed at baseline...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Caterina Ledda, Carla Loreto, Massimo Bracci, Claudia Lombardo, Gaetano Romano, Diana Cinà, Nicola Mucci, Sergio Castorina, Venerando Rapisarda
Background: Emissions from vehicles are composed of heterogeneous mixtures of hazardous substances; several pollutants such as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are amongst the most dangerous substances detected in urban monitoring. A cohort of traffic policemen usually occupationally exposed to PAHs present in the urban environment were examined in order to assess the mutagenicity and DNA capacity repair. Methods: Seventy-two urban traffic policemen working in Catania's metropolitan area were enrolled in the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Ruonan Chai, Hua Xie, Junli Zhang, Zhuang Ma
Background: Reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS), also called irritant-induced asthma, is a type of occupational asthma that can occur within a very short period of latency. The study sought to investigate the influence of sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) exposure on CD19+ cells and nasal epithelial injury. Methods: We investigated the effects of SO2 on CD19 expression and morphological changes of nasal epithelia in rats. In the study, 20 rats were randomly divided into the SO2 exposure group that were exposed to 600 ppm SO2 , 2 h/day for consecutive 7 days, and the control group that were exposed to filtered air)...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Yehia Z Alami, Beesan T Ghanim, Sa'ed H Zyoud
Background: Resident doctors are continuously exposed to prolonged working hours and night shifts, making them susceptible to the many physical, psychological, and cognitive side effects of sleep deprivation, which may affect their quality of life. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep penury in resident doctors and to assess the association between self-apprehended sleepiness and quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the governmental hospitals in the North of the West Bank between May 2017 and September 2017...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Robert von Katzler, Bettina Jagemann, Joachim Westenhoefer, Hans-Joachim Jensen, Volker Harth, Marcus Oldenburg
Background: Overweight and cardiovascular risk factors are a common phenomenon in seafarers. According to internal observation particularly crew members from the Pacific Island State of Kiribati are exposed to a high risk. However, in mixed crews, cultural background plays an important role, influencing food choice, and the actual risk. Methods: The Seafarer Nutrition Study (SeaNut study) compared dietary factors in 48 Kiribati and 33 European male seafarers recruited from four merchant ships with a high level of Kiribati manning within a German shipping company...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
B Masluk, S Gascón Santos, A Albesa Cartagena, A Asensio Martinez, E Peck, M P Leiter
Background: This study examines the construct validity of the Areas of Worklife Short Scale, a practical instrument to measure employees' perceptions of their work environments in the sample of secondary obligatory education teachers in Spain. Methods: Conducted in 33 centers of secondary obligatory education in Spain ( N  = 677). Confirmatory Factor analysis for 3 different models for the 29-items version and 1 model for the 18-items version was tested. Results: Results confirmed that the short AWS short version had the best fit to the data than any other model proposed (GFI-Satorra-Bentler scaled chi-squared = 320...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Ronnie Lundström, Adnan Noor Baloch, Mats Hagberg, Tohr Nilsson, Lars Gerhardsson
Background: Occupational exposure to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) is known to cause neurological symptoms such as numbness, reduced manual dexterity, grip strength and sensory perception. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to compare thermotactile perception thresholds for cold (TPTC ) and warmth (TPTW ) among vibration exposed manual workers and unexposed white collar workers during a follow-up period of 16 years to elucidate if long-term vibration exposure is related to a change in TPT over time...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Omar F Khabour, Khalil H Al Ali, Waleed H Mahallawi
Background: Clinical laboratory workers face biohazard such as needlestick injury and occupational infection on a daily basis. In this study, we examined self-reported frequency of occupational infection and needlestick injury among the clinical laboratory workers in Al- Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A total of 234 clinical laboratory workers were recruited from private and government health sectors to answer a self-administered questionnaire that was prepared to achieve the aims of the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Sahar Eftekhari, Omid Aminian, Zeinab Moinfar, Thomas Schettgen, Andrea Kaifie, Michael Felten, Thomas Kraus, André Esser
Background: The rapid increase in prevalence of diabetes mellitus over the last decades warrants more attention to the effects of environmental and occupational exposures on glucose metabolism. Our study aimed to assess the association between the plasma levels of various congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the serum concentration of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Methods: Our study population consisted of 140 Iranian adults from seven different occupational groups and a group of non-occupationally exposed female participants...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Johannes Quart, Tobias Deutsch, Solveig Carmienke, Susanne Döpfmer, Thomas Frese
Background: Many countries are faced with a decrease in physicians in non-urban areas. Especially for regions with decreasing populations, temporary solutions like commuting models might be a suitable option. So far, little is known about the willingness to commute among future physicians. Methods: In this multicenter, cross-sectional survey, five years of medical students (8th to 10th semester) from three German universities (Charité Berlin, Halle, Leipzig) were questioned about their willingness to commute to work, the maximum acceptable commute time, and how several job-related factors might enhance the attractiveness of commuting...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Claudia Westermann, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections are blood-borne, generally chronic and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the results of therapies with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in healthcare personnel. Methods: Secondary data analysis using data from the Statutory Accident Insurance of the Health and Welfare Service. The study surveyed DAA therapies administered to insured parties (healthcare personnel with an HCV infection recognised as an occupational disease) in Germany between 01/01/2014 and 30/11/2016...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Reinhard Müller, Joachim Schneider
Background: Military musicians are working in a noisy environment with high sound exposure levels above the international standards. Aim of the current study is to find out, whether they develop the expected hearing impairments. Adherence to the regulations for prevention in musicians is more difficult than in other occupational fields. Methods: In an interval of 13.3 years, 36 out of 58 male military musicians of a German army music corps were subjected twice to an audiometric audit...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Sintayehu Daba Wami, Daniel Haile Chercos, Awrajaw Dessie, Zemichael Gizaw, Atalay Getachew, Tesfaye Hambisa, Tadese Guadu, Dawit Getachew, Bikes Destaw
Background: Cotton dust induced respiratory disorders are dramatically increased over the globe, especially the problem is serious in developing countries. Respiratory symptoms, such as cough, phlegm, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, chronic bronchitis, and byssinosis are common among workers exposed to cotton dust. However, in Ethiopia, the magnitude of the problem is not well known and information is limited about the risk factors. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Jennifer D Sisler, Justine Shaffer, Jhy-Charm Soo, Ryan F LeBouf, Martin Harper, Yong Qian, Taekhee Lee
Background: Operating room personnel have the potential to be exposed to surgical smoke, the by-product of using electrocautery or laser surgical device, on a daily basis. Surgical smoke is made up of both biological by-products and chemical pollutants that have been shown to cause eye, skin and pulmonary irritation. Methods: In this study, surgical smoke was collected in real time in cell culture media by using an electrocautery surgical device to cut and coagulate human breast tissues...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Shiming Cheng, Deanna Tollefson, Guangxue He, Yuan Li, Hui Guo, Shua Chai, Fangfang Gao, Fei Gao, Guoxin Han, Liping Ren, Yulin Ren, Jianbo Li, Lixia Wang, Jay K Varma, Dongmei Hu, Haiying Fan, Fei Zhao, Emily Bloss, Yu Wang, Carol Y Rao
Background: Health care workers are at high risk for tuberculosis (TB). China, a high burden TB country, has no policy on medical surveillance for TB among healthcare workers. In this paper, we evaluate whether China's national TB diagnostic guidelines could be used as a framework to screen healthcare workers for pulmonary TB disease in a clinical setting in China. Methods: Between April-August 2010, healthcare workers from 28 facilities in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China were eligible for TB screening, comprised of symptom check, chest X-ray and tuberculin skin testing...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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