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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074105/work-related-exposures-and-disorders-among-physical-therapists-experiences-and-beliefs-of-professional-representatives-assessed-using-a-qualitative-approach
#1
Maria Girbig, Alice Freiberg, Stefanie Deckert, Diana Druschke, Christian Kopkow, Albert Nienhaus, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: According to international study results, physical therapists are afflicted with work-related musculoskeletal, psychosocial and dermal disorders as well as infections. The few existing studies in German-speaking regions focus mainly on dermal and psychosocial exposures and resulting complaints. An overview of all relevant work-related exposures and complaints of physical therapists is currently lacking. We sought to identify work-related exposures based on the subjective experiences and beliefs of physiotherapeutic representatives, in order to identify relevant work-related complaints and diseases...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070206/qft-plus-a-plus-in-variability-evaluation-of-new-generation-igra-in-serial-testing-of-students-with-a-migration-background-in-germany
#2
J Knierer, E N Gallegos Morales, A Schablon, A Nienhaus, J F Kersten
BACKGROUND: Currently available Interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) show a considerable variability in serial testing for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study offers first results for the new generation IGRA QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) introduced in 2015 in comparison with its predecessor QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) from serial testing of students with a migration background at German universities. METHODS: Forty-one students were selected from a previous study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018477/differential-activation-of-raw-264-7-macrophages-by-size-segregated-crystalline-silica
#3
Steven E Mischler, Emanuele G Cauda, Michelangelo Di Giuseppe, Linda J McWilliams, Claudette St Croix, Ming Sun, Jonathan Franks, Luis A Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to crystalline silica is a well-established occupational hazard. Once in the lung, crystalline silica particles can result in the activation of alveolar macrophages (AM), potentially leading to silicosis, a fibrotic lung disease. Because the activation of alveolar macrophages is the beginning step in a complicated inflammatory cascade, it is necessary to define the particle characteristics resulting in this activation. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of the size of crystalline silica particles on the activation of macrophages...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999610/selected-toxic-and-essential-heavy-metals-in-impacted-teeth-and-the-surrounding-mandibular-bones-of-people-exposed-to-heavy-metals-in-the-environment
#4
Piotr Malara, Agnieszka Fischer, Beata Malara
BACKGROUND: The elemental composition of bones and teeth can allow exposure to heavy metals in the environment to be estimated. The aim of this study was to determine whether impacted mandibular teeth and the surrounding bones can be used as biomonitoring media to assess exposure to heavy metals. METHODS: The research materials were 67 impacted lower third molars and samples of the cortical bone removed when the wisdom teeth were surgically extracted. The samples were from people living in two areas with different environmental concentrations of heavy metals...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999609/it-is-worth-10-million-working-hours-a-year-to-have-your-toilet-paper-folded
#5
Rickard Ljung, Hedvig Ljung, Harald Ljung
BACKGROUND: From our experience the toilet paper is folded in the bathrooms in rooms in branded hotels. We aimed to study the total time yearly spent in the world on folding hotel toilet paper. METHOD: Three investigators clocked 60 folding toilet paper events and calculated the mean time. The mean folding time was 5.73 s (interquartile range 4.50-6.56). Using the calculated extra time it takes to fold the toilet paper and the number of hotel nights spent we estimated the total time spent in the world each year to fold the toilet paper...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980604/hydrofluoric-acid-burns-in-the-western-zhejiang-province-of-china-a-10-year-epidemiological-study
#6
Yuanhai Zhang, Jianfen Zhang, Xinhua Jiang, Liangfang Ni, Chunjiang Ye, Chunmao Han, Komal Sharma, Xingang Wang
BACKGROUND: Chemical burns caused by hydrofluoric acid (HF) frequently occur in the Western Zhejiang Province. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of HF burns within this region. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective analysis was conducted using data from all inpatients with HF burns. These patients were treated at the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery at our hospital between January 2004 and December 2013. Information obtained for each patient included sex, age, occupation, burn location, burn cause, and the hazard category of the chemical which caused the burn...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980603/a-diagnostic-bias-might-be-a-much-simpler-explanation-for-the-apparently-elevated-risk-for-nasopharyngeal-cancer-with-respect-to-formaldehyde
#7
EDITORIAL
Matthias Möhner, Andrea Wendt
In 2009, a working group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified formaldehyde as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) and concluded that formaldehyde causes cancer of the nasopharynx (NPC) and leukemia. The results of a large cohort study of industrial workers exposed to formaldehyde, conducted by the U.S. National Cancer Institute, mainly contributed to the available body of epidemiologic evidence. In their recent updated re-analysis of these cohort data published in your journal, Dr Marsh and his colleagues concluded that the results of the original analysis of NPC-risk are misleading because they are based on inappropriate regression analyses...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904647/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-healthcare-workers-at-a-hospital-in-naples-italy-a-low-incidence-country
#8
Monica Lamberti, Mariarosaria Muoio, Antonio Arnese, Sharon Borrelli, Teresa Di Lorenzo, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Giuseppe Signoriello, Stefania De Pascalis, Nicola Coppola, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at higher risk than the general population of contracting tuberculosis (TB). Moreover, although subjects with latent TB infection (LTBI) are asymptomatic and are not infectious, they may eventually develop active disease. Thus, a fundamental tool of TB control programs for HCWs is the screening and treatment of LTBI. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2015, hospital personnel at Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Naples, Italy, were screened for TB...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904646/hepatitis-c-among-healthcare-personnel-secondary-data-analyses-of-costs-and-trends-for-hepatitis-c-infections-with-occupational-causes
#9
Claudia Westermann, Madeleine Dulon, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C infection is a global public health issue. Chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the costs for occupationally-cased hepatitis C infections based on data from an accident insurance carrier. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis based on the Database of a German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance. The analysis is based on a sample of insured parties whose hepatitis C infections were recorded as occupational diseases between 1996 and 2013...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833649/use-of-moulded-hearing-protectors-by-child-care-workers-an-interventional-pilot-study
#11
Peter Koch, Johanna Stranzinger, Jan Felix Kersten, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Employees of a multi-site institution for children and adolescents started to wear moulded hearing protectors (MHPs) during working hours, as they were suffering from a high level of noise exposure. It was agreed with the institutional physician and the German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention in the Health and Welfare Services (BGW) that this presented an opportunity to perform a scientific study to investigate potential beneficial effects on risk of burnout and subjective noise exposure at work when child care workers wear MHPs...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833648/alternative-drugs-go-global-possible-lead-and-or-mercury-intoxication-from-imported-natural-health-products-and-a-need-for-scientifically-evaluated-poisoning-monitoring-from-environmental-exposures
#12
Lygia Therese Budnik, Xaver Baur, Volker Harth, Axel Hahn
BACKGROUND: With increases in globalization, cultural remedies from Chinese, Ayurvedic, Arab and other traditions have become more available to international consumers, offering unfamiliar "Natural Health Products" (NHP), used as alternative medicine or supplementary medicine. Contamination with toxic ingredients including lead, mercury, arsenic, and other toxic elements has been documented in several of these products from various parts of the globe, particularly from some parts of Asia and the Orient...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800010/work-related-injuries-among-farmers-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-nepal
#13
Devendra Bhattarai, Suman Bahadur Singh, Dharanidhar Baral, Ram Bilakshan Sah, Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Agriculture work is one of the most hazardous occupations across countries of all income groups. In Nepal, 74 % of people are working in the agricultural sector. This study aims to identify patterns and factors associated with injuries among farmers of rural Nepal. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural village in eastern Nepal. House to house visit was done to collect data from the farmers. The study included 500 farmers from Shanishchare village in Morang district of Nepal...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752276/imbalances-in-the-german-public-health-system-numbers-of-state-certified-occupational-physicians-and-relation-to-socioeconomic-data
#14
Christoph Gyo, Michael Boll, Dörthe Brüggmann, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: State-certified occupational physicians who work as civil servants in the Federal Republic of Germany are key players in the German Public Health system. They control i.e. the legal compliance in occupational health and participate in the occupational disease procedures. Despite the role model function of the German Public health system for many developing countries, this area of Public health is debated to have been hampered in the past years by a disregard concerning structural developments...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688795/fungal-cell-wall-agents-and-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-in-organic-dust-as-possible-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-sarcoidosis
#15
Sanja Stopinšek, Alojz Ihan, Barbara Salobir, Marjeta Terčelj, Saša Simčič
BACKGROUND: Composition of organic dust is very complex, involving particles of microbial, animal and plant origin. Several environmental exposure studies associate microbial cell wall agents in organic dust with various respiratory symptoms and diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of the co-exposure of fungal cell wall agents (FCWAs) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on inflammatory immune responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660643/total-and-respirable-dust-exposures-among-carpenters-and-demolition-workers-during-indoor-work-in-denmark
#16
Lilli Kirkeskov, Dorte Jessing Agerby Hanskov, Charlotte Brauer
BACKGROUND: Within the construction industry the risk of lung disorders depends on the specific professions probably due to variations in the levels of dust exposure, and with dust levels depending on the work task and job function. We do not know the extent of exposure in the different professions or the variation between the different work tasks. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess if there were differences in dust exposure between carpenters and demolition workers who were expected to have low and high dust exposure, respectively...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651824/improved-method-for-measurement-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-in-rat-lung
#17
Makoto Ohnishi, Masaaki Suzuki, Masahiro Yamamoto, Tatsuya Kasai, Hirokazu Kano, Hideki Senoh, Ichiro Higashikubo, Akihiro Araki, Shoji Fukushima
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have developed and reported the method of measuring multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) in the lung from rats exposed to MWCNT intratracheally. The present research was performed to improve the analytical method of MWCNT to measure multiple samples in a short period of time. For the xanalysis of MWCNTs from tissues, the existence of carbon black may interfere. Therefore, it was examined whether or not carbon black interfere the determination of MWCNT in the standard solutions...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651823/gendermetrics-net-a-novel-software-for-analyzing-the-gender-representation-in-scientific-authoring
#18
Michael H K Bendels, Dörthe Brüggmann, Norman Schöffel, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are believed to be strong in the field of academic science. A primary parameter to analyze gender inequalities is the gender authoring in scientific publications. Since the presently available data on gender distribution is largely limited to underpowered studies, we here develop a new approach to analyze authors' genders in large bibliometric databases. RESULTS: A SQL-Server based multiuser software suite was developed that serves as an integrative tool for analyzing bibliometric data with a special emphasis on gender and topographical analysis...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617025/holi-colours-contain-pm10-and-can-induce-pro-inflammatory-responses
#19
Katrin Bossmann, Sabine Bach, Conny Höflich, Kerttu Valtanen, Rita Heinze, Anett Neumann, Wolfgang Straff, Katrin Süring
BACKGROUND: At Holi festivals, originally celebrated in India but more recently all over the world, people throw coloured powder (Holi powder, Holi colour, Gulal powder) at each other. Adverse health effects, i.e. skin and ocular irritations as well as respiratory problems may be the consequences. The aim of this study was to uncover some of the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We analysed four different Holi colours regarding particle size using an Electric field cell counting system...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582781/job-satisfaction-of-foreign-national-physicians-working-in-patient-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-saxony-germany
#20
Birte Pantenburg, Katharina Kitze, Melanie Luppa, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Physician migration is gaining attention worldwide. Despite increasing numbers of foreign physicians in Germany, their perceptions on working in Germany remain unexplored. Within a large survey on Saxon physicians, the aim of this study was to elucidate whether foreign-national physicians' job satisfaction differed from German physicians' job satisfaction. METHODS: The study was designed as a comprehensive cross-sectional survey. All physicians ≤40 years and registered with the State Chamber of Physicians of Saxony (n = 5956) were mailed a paper-pencil questionnaire, of which 2357 were returned (response rate = 40 %)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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