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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988947/food-offerings-on-board-and-dietary-intake-of-european-and-kiribati-seafarers-cross-sectional-data-from-the-seafarer-nutrition-study
#1
Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Robert von Katzler, Bettina Jagemann, Joachim Westenhoefer, Hans-Joachim Jensen, Volker Harth, Marcus Oldenburg
Background: Overweight and cardiovascular risk factors are a common phenomenon in seafarers. According to internal observation particularly crew members from the Pacific Island State of Kiribati are exposed to a high risk. However, in mixed crews, cultural background plays an important role, influencing food choice, and the actual risk. Methods: The Seafarer Nutrition Study (SeaNut study) compared dietary factors in 48 Kiribati and 33 European male seafarers recruited from four merchant ships with a high level of Kiribati manning within a German shipping company...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983726/-areas-of-worklife-scale-aws-short-version-spanish-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-based-on-a-secondary-school-teacher-sample
#2
B Masluk, S Gascón Santos, A Albesa Cartagena, A Asensio Martinez, E Peck, M P Leiter
Background: This study examines the construct validity of the Areas of Worklife Short Scale, a practical instrument to measure employees' perceptions of their work environments in the sample of secondary obligatory education teachers in Spain. Methods: Conducted in 33 centers of secondary obligatory education in Spain ( N  = 677). Confirmatory Factor analysis for 3 different models for the 29-items version and 1 model for the 18-items version was tested. Results: Results confirmed that the short AWS short version had the best fit to the data than any other model proposed (GFI-Satorra-Bentler scaled chi-squared = 320...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977321/long-term-effect-of-hand-arm-vibration-on-thermotactile-perception-thresholds
#3
Ronnie Lundström, Adnan Noor Baloch, Mats Hagberg, Tohr Nilsson, Lars Gerhardsson
Background: Occupational exposure to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) is known to cause neurological symptoms such as numbness, reduced manual dexterity, grip strength and sensory perception. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to compare thermotactile perception thresholds for cold (TPTC ) and warmth (TPTW ) among vibration exposed manual workers and unexposed white collar workers during a follow-up period of 16 years to elucidate if long-term vibration exposure is related to a change in TPT over time...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942343/occupational-infection-and-needle-stick-injury-among-clinical-laboratory-workers-in-al-madinah-city-saudi-arabia
#4
Omar F Khabour, Khalil H Al Ali, Waleed H Mahallawi
Background: Clinical laboratory workers face biohazard such as needlestick injury and occupational infection on a daily basis. In this study, we examined self-reported frequency of occupational infection and needlestick injury among the clinical laboratory workers in Al- Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A total of 234 clinical laboratory workers were recruited from private and government health sectors to answer a self-administered questionnaire that was prepared to achieve the aims of the study...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881441/association-of-plasma-pcb-levels-and-hba1c-concentration-in-iran
#5
Sahar Eftekhari, Omid Aminian, Zeinab Moinfar, Thomas Schettgen, Andrea Kaifie, Michael Felten, Thomas Kraus, André Esser
Background: The rapid increase in prevalence of diabetes mellitus over the last decades warrants more attention to the effects of environmental and occupational exposures on glucose metabolism. Our study aimed to assess the association between the plasma levels of various congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the serum concentration of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Methods: Our study population consisted of 140 Iranian adults from seven different occupational groups and a group of non-occupationally exposed female participants...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853982/willingness-to-commute-among-future-physicians-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-survey-of-german-medical-students
#6
Johannes Quart, Tobias Deutsch, Solveig Carmienke, Susanne Döpfmer, Thomas Frese
Background: Many countries are faced with a decrease in physicians in non-urban areas. Especially for regions with decreasing populations, temporary solutions like commuting models might be a suitable option. So far, little is known about the willingness to commute among future physicians. Methods: In this multicenter, cross-sectional survey, five years of medical students (8th to 10th semester) from three German universities (Charité Berlin, Halle, Leipzig) were questioned about their willingness to commute to work, the maximum acceptable commute time, and how several job-related factors might enhance the attractiveness of commuting...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849741/hepatitis-c-in-healthcare-personnel-secondary-data-analysis-of-therapies-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents
#7
Claudia Westermann, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections are blood-borne, generally chronic and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the results of therapies with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in healthcare personnel. Methods: Secondary data analysis using data from the Statutory Accident Insurance of the Health and Welfare Service. The study surveyed DAA therapies administered to insured parties (healthcare personnel with an HCV infection recognised as an occupational disease) in Germany between 01/01/2014 and 30/11/2016...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681993/noise-exposure-and-auditory-thresholds-of-military-musicians-a-follow-up-study
#8
Reinhard Müller, Joachim Schneider
Background: Military musicians are working in a noisy environment with high sound exposure levels above the international standards. Aim of the current study is to find out, whether they develop the expected hearing impairments. Adherence to the regulations for prevention in musicians is more difficult than in other occupational fields. Methods: In an interval of 13.3 years, 36 out of 58 male military musicians of a German army music corps were subjected twice to an audiometric audit...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636789/cotton-dust-exposure-and-self-reported-respiratory-symptoms-among-textile-factory-workers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sintayehu Daba Wami, Daniel Haile Chercos, Awrajaw Dessie, Zemichael Gizaw, Atalay Getachew, Tesfaye Hambisa, Tadese Guadu, Dawit Getachew, Bikes Destaw
Background: Cotton dust induced respiratory disorders are dramatically increased over the globe, especially the problem is serious in developing countries. Respiratory symptoms, such as cough, phlegm, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, chronic bronchitis, and byssinosis are common among workers exposed to cotton dust. However, in Ethiopia, the magnitude of the problem is not well known and information is limited about the risk factors. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619075/in-vitro-toxicological-evaluation-of-surgical-smoke-from-human-tissue
#10
Jennifer D Sisler, Justine Shaffer, Jhy-Charm Soo, Ryan F LeBouf, Martin Harper, Yong Qian, Taekhee Lee
Background: Operating room personnel have the potential to be exposed to surgical smoke, the by-product of using electrocautery or laser surgical device, on a daily basis. Surgical smoke is made up of both biological by-products and chemical pollutants that have been shown to cause eye, skin and pulmonary irritation. Methods: In this study, surgical smoke was collected in real time in cell culture media by using an electrocautery surgical device to cut and coagulate human breast tissues...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560021/evaluating-a-framework-for-tuberculosis-screening-among-healthcare-workers-in-clinical-settings-inner-mongolia-china
#11
Shiming Cheng, Deanna Tollefson, Guangxue He, Yuan Li, Hui Guo, Shua Chai, Fangfang Gao, Fei Gao, Guoxin Han, Liping Ren, Yulin Ren, Jianbo Li, Lixia Wang, Jay K Varma, Dongmei Hu, Haiying Fan, Fei Zhao, Emily Bloss, Yu Wang, Carol Y Rao
Background: Health care workers are at high risk for tuberculosis (TB). China, a high burden TB country, has no policy on medical surveillance for TB among healthcare workers. In this paper, we evaluate whether China's national TB diagnostic guidelines could be used as a framework to screen healthcare workers for pulmonary TB disease in a clinical setting in China. Methods: Between April-August 2010, healthcare workers from 28 facilities in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China were eligible for TB screening, comprised of symptom check, chest X-ray and tuberculin skin testing...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507599/hydrogen-sulphide-exposure-in-waste-water-treatment
#12
Åse Dalseth Austigard, Kristin Svendsen, Kari K Heldal
Background: The aims of this study was to assess exposure to hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) among waste water treatment workers (WWWs), and achieve a better measure of the risks of H2 S exposure than only using the eight-hour average value and the ceiling value because the exposure pattern of H2 S for WWWs is dominated by short-term peaks. Methods: Ninety-three measurements of H2 S from 56 WWWs in three cities and three rural areas were collected. All exposure measurements were carried out from the start of the day until lunch time (sampling time 4-5 h) when most of the practical work was performed...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456589/employment-status-and-changes-in-working-career-in-relation-to-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Saara Taponen, Lauri Lehtimäki, Kirsi Karvala, Ritva Luukkonen, Jukka Uitti
Background: Asthmatics confront inconveniences in working life that make it more difficult to pursue a sustainable career, such as unemployment and work disability. Ways of dealing with these inconveniences may be career changes. More needs to be known about the backgrounds and consequences of career changes among asthmatics, especially their relation to asthma or a change in asthma symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare earlier career changes of adults with asthma who are working full time to those who have drifted away from active working life because of work disability, unemployment or early retirement...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449870/validating-the-demand-control-support-questionnaire-among-white-collar-employees-in-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#14
Daniel Mauss, Raphael M Herr, Töres Theorell, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Background: The Demand Control Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) is an established self-reported tool to measure a stressful work environment. Validated German and English versions are however currently missing. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the psychometric properties of German and English versions of the DCSQ among white-collar employees in Switzerland and the US. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 499 employees in Switzerland and 411 in the US, respectively...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#15
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434649/occupational-exposure-to-ultrafine-particles-in-police-officers-no-evidence-for-adverse-respiratory-effects
#16
G Jordakieva, I Grabovac, E Valic, K E Schmidt, A Graff, A Schuster, K Hoffmann-Sommergruber, C Oberhuber, O Scheiner, A Goll, J Godnic-Cvar
Background: Inhalation exposure to fine and ultrafine particles (UFPs) has been associated with respiratory diseases. However, little is known on the quality, threshold levels and concentration of these particles causing adverse health effects. Methods: The impact of occupational exposure to submicrometer and UFPs was assessed in 30 healthy police shooting instructors by clinical investigation, self-assessment questionnaire, sputum and spirometry and compared to a control group...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387139/oxygen-consumption-v-o2-and-physical-strainas-measured-by-the-occupational-activity-of-cleaning-personnel
#17
M J Fröhlich, R F Kroidl, T Welte
Background: The aim of the study was to determine the physical effort and energy expenditure needed over a working period of 45-60 min, specifically for the occupational activity of cleaning. The effort was demonstrated in absolute terms (V'O2), in relation to the involved person's maximum physical capacity (peak V'O2) and in relation to the individual aerobic-anaerobic threshold (V'O2 at VT1, the point when lactate starts to accumulate but can be cleared). In addition to this, the aim was to verify the suitability of portable ergospirometry in determining the occupational workload in a real-life setting...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344078/application-of-the-icf-based-norwegian-function-assessment-scale-to-employees-in-germany
#18
Sylvia Jankowiak, Uwe Rose, Norbert Kersten
Background: At the interface of the occupational setting and rehabilitation, normative values for functional ability are desirable and worthwhile. The Norwegian Function Assessment Scale (NFAS) is a 39 item self-report instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). As the questionnaire was not used in a working population, we aimed to obtain functional levels of employees in Germany as measured through the NFAS. Methods: The NFAS was included in the Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) 2011/12, a representative German survey of employees aged 31 to 60 years...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339966/acute-diesel-exhaust-exposure-and-postural-stability-a-controlled-crossover-experiment
#19
Jason Curran, Rachel Cliff, Nadine Sinnen, Michael Koehle, Chris Carlsten
Recent epidemiological evidence connects ambient air pollutants to adverse neurobehavioural effects in adults. In animal models, subchronic controlled exposures to diesel exhaust (DE) have also showed evidence of neuroinflammation. Evidence suggests that DE not only affects outcomes commonly associated with cognitive dysfunction, but also balance impairment. We conducted a controlled human exposure experiment with 28 healthy subjects (average age = 28 years (SD = 7.1; range = 21-49); and 40% female) who were exposed to two conditions, filtered air (FA) and DE (300 μg PM2...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321805/simultaneous-measurement-of-formic-acid-methanol-and-ethanol-in-vitreous-and-blood-samples-of-postmortem-by-headspace-gc-fid
#20
Hamideh Ghorbani, Alireza Nezami, Behjat Sheikholeslami, Arya Hedjazi, Mahnaz Ahmadimanesh
Background: Formic acid (formate) is the main reason for toxicity and death through methanol poisoning. The simultaneous determination of methanol, ethanol, and formate in the body can help to discover the cause of death and is useful in the diagnosis of acute methanol poisoning. The measurement of formate is not yet available in Iran. With regard to the increasing rate of methanol poisoning and its related mortality in Iran, as well as the main role of formate in methanol poisoning, this study was designed to set up an analytical method for the concurrent determination of ethanol, methanol, and formate...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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