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Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670330/retraction-note-assessment-of-the-influence-of-whole-body-vibration-on-cochlear-function
#1
Seyyed-Ali Moussavi-Najarkola, Ali Khavanin, Ramazan Mirzaei, Mojdeh Salehnia, Mehdi Akbari
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/1745-6673-7-12.].
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670329/the-effect-of-effort-reward-imbalance-on-the-health-of-childcare-workers-in-hamburg-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Peter Koch, Jan Felix Kersten, Johanna Stranzinger, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) among qualified childcare workers in Germany is currently estimated at around 65%. High rates of burnout and musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) have also been reported for this group. Previous longitudinal studies show inconsistent results with regard to the association between ERI and MS. As yet, no longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the association between ERI and burnout or MS in childcare workers. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a relationship between ERI and MS or burnout can be observed in childcare workers in Germany on a longitudinal basis...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638434/an-evaluation-of-the-protective-role-of-vitamin-c-in-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-hepatotoxicity-due-to-hexavalent-chromium-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#3
Xiali Zhong, Ming Zeng, Huanfeng Bian, Caigao Zhong, Fang Xiao
BACKGROUD: Drinking water contamination with hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)] has become one of the most serious public health problems, thus the investigation of Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity has attracted much attention in recent years. METHODS: In the present study, by determining the indices of hepatotoxicity induced by Cr (VI), the source of accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the protective effect of the antioxidant Vitamin C (Vit C), we explored the mechanisms involved in Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596798/work-related-floors-as-injury-hazards-a-nationwide-pilot-project-analyzing-floors-in-theatres-and-education-establishments-in-germany
#4
Eileen M Wanke, Mike Schmidt, Doris Klingelhöfer, Jeremy Leslie-Spinks, Daniela Ohlendorf, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: An adequate dance floor is said to prevent injuries. On the basis of scientific research, numerous recommendations regarding an adequate dance floor have been developed. Up to the present, however, studies have still been lacking into how far these recommendations have already been implemented in theatres with regular dance productions and/or in-house dance ensembles. The aim of this study is to analyze a nationwide survey on dance floors of theatres and education establishments in Germany...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559920/assessment-of-long-term-cultivated-human-precision-cut-lung-slices-as-an-ex-vivo-system-for-evaluation-of-chronic-cytotoxicity-and-functionality
#5
Vanessa Neuhaus, Dirk Schaudien, Tatiana Golovina, Ulla-Angela Temann, Carolann Thompson, Torsten Lippmann, Claus Bersch, Olaf Pfennig, Danny Jonigk, Peter Braubach, Hans-Gerd Fieguth, Gregor Warnecke, Vidadi Yusibov, Katherina Sewald, Armin Braun
BACKGROUND: Investigation of basic chronic inflammatory mechanisms and development of new therapeutics targeting the respiratory tract requires appropriate testing systems, including those to monitor long- persistence. Human precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) have been demonstrated to mimic the human respiratory tract and have potential of an alternative, ex-vivo system to replace or augment in-vitro testing and animal models. So far, most research on PCLS has been conducted for short cultivation periods (≤72 h), while analyses of slowly metabolized therapeutics require long-term survival of PCLS in culture...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559919/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-foreign-students-in-l%C3%A3-beck-germany-tested-with-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-and-quantiferon-tb-gold-plus
#6
Elia Noemi Gallegos Morales, Johannes Knierer, Anja Schablon, Albert Nienhaus, Jan Felix Kersten
BACKGROUND: The tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in foreign-born individuals has been increasing in Germany in recent years. Foreign students may be an important source of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in low-incidence countries. In Germany, there are no guidelines for LTBI screening of foreign students. The aim of the study was to estimate LTBI prevalence and evaluate associated risk factors among foreign students in Germany. The second purpose of our study was to compare the results of the new generation of QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) to those of its predecessor QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT)...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507593/short-questionnaire-for-workplace-analysis-kfza-factorial-validation-in-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hospital-settings
#7
Patricia Appel, Michael Schuler, Heiner Vogel, Amina Oezelsel, Hermann Faller
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in psychosocial workplace risk assessments in Germany. One of the questionnaires commonly employed for this purpose is the Short Questionnaire for Workplace Analysis (KFZA). Originally, the KFZA was developed and validated for office workers. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the KFZA when applied to hospital settings. Therefore, we examined the factorial structure of a questionnaire that contained all the original items plus an extension adding 11 questions specific to hospital workplaces and analyzed both, the original version and the extended version...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352289/prevention-of-krait-bites-by-sleeping-above-ground-preliminary-results-from-an-observational-pilot-study
#8
Chaturaka Rodrigo, Selvanayagam Kirushanthan, Ariaranee Gnanathasan
INTRODUCTION: Neurotoxic envenoming following the bites of kraits (Bungarus spp.) is a common cause of death in the dry zone of Sri Lanka and elsewhere in South Asia. Most of these bites occur at night and are inflicted on people sleeping on the ground. Thus we hypothesized that the simple measure of sleeping above ground would help to reduce the number of observed krait bites. METHODS: This study was conducted in two villages of the Kilinochchi district of Sri Lanka which had reported a high number of krait bites in the two years preceding the study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352288/effect-of-low-level-co2-on-innate-inflammatory-protein-response-to-organic-dust-from-swine-confinement-barns
#9
David Schneberger, Jane M DeVasure, Kristina L Bailey, Debra J Romberger, Todd A Wyatt
BACKGROUND: Organic hog barn dust (HDE) exposure induces lung inflammation and long-term decreases in lung function in agricultural workers. While concentrations of common gasses in confined animal facilities are well characterized, few studies have been done addressing if exposure to elevated barn gasses impacts the lung immune response to organic dusts. Given the well documented effects of hypercapnia at much higher levels we hypothesized that CO2 at 8 h exposure limit levels (5000 ppm) could alter innate immune responses to HDE...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331534/ford-and-edison-in-a-modern-regulatory-environment-the-first-in-human-trial-of-night-work-and-artificial-light
#10
EDITORIAL
Thomas C Erren, David M Shaw, Ursula Wild, J Valérie Groß
A thought experiment places Henry Ford and Thomas Alva Edison in a modern regulatory environment. In a utopian occupational world devoid of night-shifts or artificial light, Ford wants to experiment with "working through the night". To support Ford's project, Edison offers his patented electric lamps to "turn nights into days". An ethics committee [EC] does not approve the night-work experiment and Utopia's Food and Drug Administration [FDA] does not approve the potential medical device as safe for use by humans...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331533/work-related-injury-among-saudi-star-agro-industry-workers-in-gambella-region-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Daniel Haile Chercos, Demeke Berhanu
BACKGROUND: Work injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, much of these work injuries burden can be found in industry required heavy manual work such as, agriculture and fishers. Hence; agriculture is consistently cited as one of the most hazardous industry in the world. The objective of this study isto assess the magnitude and associated factors of work related injury among Saudi Star Agro Industry workers in Gambella region, South West Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted on Saudi Star Agro Industry located in Gambella region, from February - June 2014 on 449 randomly selected workers who arestratifiedby working department...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286539/potential-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-selected-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-follow-up-study-of-pregnant-women-referred-for-occupational-counselling
#12
Jessica Bengtsson, Pernille Søgaard Thygesen, Linda Kaerlev, Lisbeth E Knudsen, Jens Peter Bonde
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence indicates that fetal exposure to xenobiotics with the potential to interfere with the endogenous steroid hormone regulation of fetal development may reduce birth weight. However, epidemiological studies are limited. The aim of the study was to investigate whether potential occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) of the mother during pregnancy is associated with preterm birth and low birth weight. METHODS: Pregnant women referred to an Occupational Health Clinic (OHC) in two Danish regions (Copenhagen or Aarhus) between 1984 and 2010, suspected of being exposed to occupational reproductive hazards were included in the study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265296/fit-to-play-posture-and-seating-position-analysis-with-professional-musicians-a-study-protocol
#13
Daniela Ohlendorf, Eileen M Wanke, Natalie Filmann, David A Groneberg, Alexander Gerber
BACKGROUND: Musical performance-associated musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a common health problem among professional musicians. Considering the manifold consequences arising for the musicians, they can be seen as a threat for their professional activity. String players are the most affected group of musicians in this matter. Faults in upper body posture while playing the instrument, causing un-ergonomic static strain on the back and unergonomic limp-movements, are a main reason for musculoskeletal disorders and pain syndromes...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203266/occupational-contact-dermatitis-from-protein-in-sea-products-who-is-the-most-affected-the-fisherman-or-the-chef
#14
B Loddé, P Cros, A M Roguedas-Contios, R Pougnet, D Lucas, J D Dewitte, L Misery
BACKGROUND: Protein contact dermatitis has frequently been reported in case studies (usually in cases involving contact with seafood products), but there are very few descriptive series. The objectives of this present study were firstly to determine the incidence of protein contact dermatitis among fishermen in France and compare it with data from onshore work involving seafood exposure. Second, to discover what factors could explain any differences. In order to answer these questions we analysed data from the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) and occupational diseases declared to the French National Network for Monitoring and Prevention of Occupational Disease...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174596/screening-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-a-residence-home-for-elderly-in-germany
#15
Jürgen Becker, Roland Diel
BACKGROUND: Since many hospitals report high MRSA colonization rates among elderly patients, and because it has been shown that S. aureus colonization increases with advancing age, there are concerns about the introduction of MRSA into nursing homes by MRSA positive patients discharged from hospital. So far, admission screening and subsequent longitudinal screening in residence homes or screening at time of hospital discharge is not established on a regular base. On the other hand, MRSA is acquired frequently during hospital stay...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074105/work-related-exposures-and-disorders-among-physical-therapists-experiences-and-beliefs-of-professional-representatives-assessed-using-a-qualitative-approach
#16
Maria Girbig, Alice Freiberg, Stefanie Deckert, Diana Druschke, Christian Kopkow, Albert Nienhaus, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: According to international study results, physical therapists are afflicted with work-related musculoskeletal, psychosocial and dermal disorders as well as infections. The few existing studies in German-speaking regions focus mainly on dermal and psychosocial exposures and resulting complaints. An overview of all relevant work-related exposures and complaints of physical therapists is currently lacking. We sought to identify work-related exposures based on the subjective experiences and beliefs of physiotherapeutic representatives, in order to identify relevant work-related complaints and diseases...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070206/qft-plus-a-plus-in-variability-evaluation-of-new-generation-igra-in-serial-testing-of-students-with-a-migration-background-in-germany
#17
J Knierer, E N Gallegos Morales, A Schablon, A Nienhaus, J F Kersten
BACKGROUND: Currently available Interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) show a considerable variability in serial testing for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study offers first results for the new generation IGRA QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) introduced in 2015 in comparison with its predecessor QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) from serial testing of students with a migration background at German universities. METHODS: Forty-one students were selected from a previous study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018477/differential-activation-of-raw-264-7-macrophages-by-size-segregated-crystalline-silica
#18
Steven E Mischler, Emanuele G Cauda, Michelangelo Di Giuseppe, Linda J McWilliams, Claudette St Croix, Ming Sun, Jonathan Franks, Luis A Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to crystalline silica is a well-established occupational hazard. Once in the lung, crystalline silica particles can result in the activation of alveolar macrophages (AM), potentially leading to silicosis, a fibrotic lung disease. Because the activation of alveolar macrophages is the beginning step in a complicated inflammatory cascade, it is necessary to define the particle characteristics resulting in this activation. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of the size of crystalline silica particles on the activation of macrophages...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999610/selected-toxic-and-essential-heavy-metals-in-impacted-teeth-and-the-surrounding-mandibular-bones-of-people-exposed-to-heavy-metals-in-the-environment
#19
Piotr Malara, Agnieszka Fischer, Beata Malara
BACKGROUND: The elemental composition of bones and teeth can allow exposure to heavy metals in the environment to be estimated. The aim of this study was to determine whether impacted mandibular teeth and the surrounding bones can be used as biomonitoring media to assess exposure to heavy metals. METHODS: The research materials were 67 impacted lower third molars and samples of the cortical bone removed when the wisdom teeth were surgically extracted. The samples were from people living in two areas with different environmental concentrations of heavy metals...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999609/it-is-worth-10-million-working-hours-a-year-to-have-your-toilet-paper-folded
#20
Rickard Ljung, Hedvig Ljung, Harald Ljung
BACKGROUND: From our experience the toilet paper is folded in the bathrooms in rooms in branded hotels. We aimed to study the total time yearly spent in the world on folding hotel toilet paper. METHOD: Three investigators clocked 60 folding toilet paper events and calculated the mean time. The mean folding time was 5.73 s (interquartile range 4.50-6.56). Using the calculated extra time it takes to fold the toilet paper and the number of hotel nights spent we estimated the total time spent in the world each year to fold the toilet paper...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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