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Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867417/from-asperger-s-autistischen-psychopathen-to-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-beyond-a-subthreshold-autism-spectrum-model
#1
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Ilenia Moroni, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Maj
Growing interest has recently been devoted to partial forms of autism, lying at the diagnostic boundaries of those conditions previously diagnosed as Asperger's Disorder. This latter includes an important retrieval of the European classical psychopathological concepts of adult autism to which Hans Asperger referred in his work. Based on the review of Asperger's Autistische Psychopathie, from first descriptions through the DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder and up to the recent DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder, the paper aims to propose a Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867416/acute-affective-responses-and-frontal-electroencephalographic-asymmetry-to-prescribed-and-self-selected-exercise
#2
Eduardo Lattari, Eduardo Portugal, Renato Sobral Monteiro Junior, Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, Tony Meireles Santos, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Henning Budde, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Sérgio Machado
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare affective responses and frontal electroencephalographic alpha asymmetry induced by prescribed exercise (PE) and self-selected exercise (SS). METHOD: Twenty active participants underwent a submaximal exercise test to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Participants enrolled a cross-over randomized study where each participant completed three conditions: PE (50%PVO2max), SS and Control. The electroencephalography was performed before and after exercise...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867415/prior-acute-mental-exertion-in-exercise-and-sport
#3
REVIEW
Fernando Lopes E Silva-Júnior, Patrick Emanuel, Jordan Sousa, Matheus Silva, Silmar Teixeira, Flávio Pires, Sérgio Machado, Oscar Arias-Carrion
INTRODUCTION: Mental exertion is a psychophysiological state caused by sustained and prolonged cognitive activity. The understanding of the possible effects of acute mental exertion on physical performance, and their physiological and psychological responses are of great importance for the performance of different occupations, such as military, construction workers, athletes (professional or recreational) or simply practicing regular exercise, since these occupations often combine physical and mental tasks while performing their activities...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867414/the-role-of-family-variables-in-the-length-of-stay-of-psychiatric-in-patients
#4
Satoko Yoneyama, Yudo Makita, Keiko Miyazu, Kazuhiko Katsukawa, Eiichi Yoneyama, Shinji Masuda, Yukiko Nakajima, Yasuhiro Kawasaki, Kenji Miyazu
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the number of beds and average length of stay in a psychiatric ward are greater than in other developed countries. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the association between family variables and the length of stay of patients with mental and behavioural disorders in a private psychiatric hospital in Japan. METHODS: The medical records of patients discharged during a one-year period (n=56: men 50.0% excepting 27 patients discharged due to death were re-examined regarding age, laundry type (self-washing of clothes, family washing or supplier washing), number of family visits per one month while hospitalised, and family structure prior to hospitalisation...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857778/state-of-acute-agitation-at-psychiatric-emergencies-in-europe-the-stage-study
#5
Luis San, Josef Marksteiner, Peter Zwanzger, María Aragüés Figuero, Francisco Toledo Romero, Grigorios Kyropoulos, Alberto Bessa Peixoto, Roxana Chirita, Anca Boldeanu
BACKGROUND: Agitation is an array of syndromes and types of behaviors that are common in patients with psychiatric disorders. In Europe, the estimation of prevalence of agitation has been difficult due to the lack of standard studies or systematic data collection done on this syndrome. OBJECTIVE: An observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study aimed to assess the prevalence of agitation episodes in psychiatric emergencies in different European countries. METHOD: For 1 week, all episodes of acute agitation that were attended to at the psychiatric emergency room (ER) or Acute Inpatient Unit (AIU) in the 27 participating centers were registered...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857777/associations-between-anxiety-disorder-diagnoses-and-body-mass-index-differ-by-age-sex-and-race-a-population-based-study
#6
Ramona S DeJesus, Carmen R Breitkopf, Jon O Ebbert, Lila J Finney Rutten, Robert M Jacobson, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, Jennifer St Sauver
BACKGROUND: Few large studies have examined correlations between anxiety and body mass index (BMI) by gender or racial groups using clinical data. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine associations between diagnosed anxiety disorders and BMI, and evaluate whether observed associations varied by demographic characteristics. METHOD: Data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) data linkage system were analyzed to examine associations between anxiety disorders and BMI among adults ages 18-85 residing in Olmsted County, MN in 2009 (n=103,557)...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843483/human-rights-of-asylum-seekers-with-psychosocial-disabilities-in-europe
#7
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Antonio Preti, Jutta Lindert, Dinesh Bhugra, Mattias Angermeyer, Marcello Vellante
BACKGROUND: The migrants crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe have dramatically been increased in 2015 as the number of incidents and deaths. OBJECTIVE: This editorial summarizes the results of our work and highlights some critical aspects that hinder the care to asylum seekers with stress disorders. METHOD: Screening for mental disorders was performed in all migrants joint three camps in Sardinia (January-September 2015) using K6, Short Screening Scale for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and with an interview...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733865/how-stable-are-temperaments-in-the-clinical-setting-a-pilot-study
#8
Elie G Karam, Elaine El Khoury, Lynn Itani
BACKGROUND: An essential point in evaluating the utility of measuring temperaments is the stability of the instrument used especially in the presence of mental disorders. One of the most commonly used instruments in the clinical setting is the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). To our knowledge, the TEMPS-A's stability in an outpatient adult clinical setting has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of the effect of temperament, time and clinical intervention...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708686/a-13-weeks-mindfulness-based-pain-management-program-improves-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-compared-with-waiting-list-controls
#9
Tonny Elmose Andersen, Henrik Bjarke Vægter
BACKGROUND: Eradication of pain is seldom an option in chronic pain management. Hence, mindfulness meditation has become popular in pain management. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study compared the effect of a 13-weeks cognitive behavioural therapy program with integrated mindfulness meditation (CBTm) in patients with chronic non-malignant pain with a control condition. It was hypothesised that the CBTm program would reduce pain intensity and psychological distress compared to the control condition and that level of mindfulness and acceptance both would be associated with the reduction in pain intensity and psychological distress...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418940/internet-addiction-and-excessive-social-networks-use-what-about-facebook
#10
Eduardo Guedes, Federica Sancassiani, Mauro Giovani Carta, Carlos Campos, Sergio Machado, Anna Lucia Spear King, Antonio Egidio Nardi
Facebook is notably the most widely known and used social network worldwide. It has been described as a valuable tool for leisure and communication between people all over the world. However, healthy and conscience Facebook use is contrasted by excessive use and lack of control, creating an addiction with severely impacts the everyday life of many users, mainly youths. If Facebook use seems to be related to the need to belong, affiliate with others and for self-presentation, the beginning of excessive Facebook use and addiction could be associated to reward and gratification mechanisms as well as some personality traits...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346999/jogging-therapy-for-hikikomori-social-withdrawal-and-increased-cerebral-hemodynamics-a-case-report
#11
Masaki Nishida, Senichiro Kikuchi, Kazuhito Fukuda, Satoshi Kato
Severe social withdrawal, called hikikomori, has drawn increased public attention. However, an optimal clinical approach and strategy of treatment has not been well established. Here, we report a case of hikikomori for which an exercise intervention using jogging therapy was effective, showing cerebral hemodynamic improvement. The patient was a 20 year old Japanese male who was hospitalized in order to evaluate and treat severe social withdrawal. Although depressive and anxiety symptoms partially subsided with sertraline alone, social withdrawal persisted due to a lack of self confidence...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346998/dehydroepiandrosterone-its-sulfate-and-cognitive-functions
#12
Karina Junqueira de Menezes, Clayton Peixoto, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sérgio Machado, André Barciela Veras
UNLABELLED: To present a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigate the relationship between the hormones Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cognition. METHODS: The cognition items included in this review were global cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, intelligence, perception and visuospatial ability. A systematic review was proceeded using three databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346997/swedish-version-of-mood-spectrum-self-report-questionnaire-psychometric-properties-of-lifetime-and-last-week-version
#13
Michael Ioannou, Marzia Dellepiane, Antonella Benvenuti, Konstantinos Feloukatzis, Nektaria Skondra, Liliana Dell'Osso, Steinn Steingrímsson
BACKGROUND: Mood Spectrum Self Report (MOODS-SR) is an instrument that assesses mood spectrum symptomatology including subthreshold manifestations and temperamental features. There are different versions of the MOODS-SR for different time frames of symptom assessment: lifetime (MOODS-LT), last-month and last-week (MOODS-LW) versions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the MOODS-LT the MOODS-LW. METHODS: The reliability of the MOODS-LT and MOODS-LW was evaluated in terms of internal consistency and partial correlations among domains and subdomains...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346996/mental-practice-combined-with-motor-rehabilitation-to-treat-upper-limb-hemiparesis-of-post-stroke-patients-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#14
Sergio Machado, Eduardo Lattari, Flávia Paes, Nuno B F Rocha, Antonio E Nardi, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Gioia Mura, Ti-Fei Yuan, Mauro G Carta, Carlos Campos
Stroke is one of the major causes of disability in the world. Due to the extended lifetime of the world's population, the number of people affected by stroke has increased substantially over the last years. Stroke may lead to sensorimotor deficits, usually causing hemiplegia or hemiparesia. In order to reduce motor deficits and accelerate functional recovery, MP combined with motor rehabilitation was introduced to the rehabilitation process of post-stroke patients. Evidence has shown that MP combining with motor rehabilitation based on activities of daily living was more effective than conventional motor rehabilitation used per se...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346995/quality-of-life-in-carotid-atherosclerosis-the-role-of-co-morbid-mood-disorders
#15
Maria Lecca, Luca Saba, Roberto Sanfilippo, Elisa Pintus, Michela Cadoni, Federica Sancassiani, Maria Francesca Moro, Davide Craboledda, Chiara Lo Giudice, Roberto Montisci
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: To study in severe carotid atherosclerosis (CA): the frequency of mood disorders (MD); the impairment of quality of life (QoL); the role of co-morbid MD in such impairment. METHODS: Case-control study. CASES: consecutive in-patients with CA (stenosis ≥ 50%). CONTROLS: subjects with no diagnosis of CA randomized from a database of a community survey. Psychiatric diagnosis according to DSM-IV made by clinicians and semi-structured interview, QoL measured by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12)...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962324/modelling-needs-for-mental-healthcare-from-epidemiological-surveys-with-validation-using-sociodemographic-census-data
#16
Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Anders Boyd
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a prediction model for mental health needs (MHN) and psychiatric needs (PN) using specific social indicators, obtainable from census data, within low-density departments (LDD) and high- density departments (HDD). METHODS: In a population-based study of 20,404 participants from 22 departments in France, mental health needs were defined into three categories (no needs, MHN, and PN) using the Composite International Diagnosis Interview Short-Form, Sheehan disability scale, and presence of depressive and alcohol disorders...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962323/the-burden-of-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-in-celiac-disease
#17
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Alessandra Conti, Federica Lecca, Federica Sancassiani, Giulia Cossu, Rossana Carruxi, Alessandro Boccone, Michela Cadoni, Anna Pisanu, Maria Francesca Moro, Luigi Demelia
INTRODUCTION: HASH(0x4a6c6a8) AIMS: to measure the association between Celiac Disease (CD) and affective disorders, particularly Bipolar Disorder (BD), since it has not been studied yet, and to measure how much the quality of life (QoL) of a person with CD is affected by comorbidity with these disorders. METHODS: HASH(0x4a6ca20) DESIGN: Case-control study. CASES: 60 consecutive patients with CD...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26668585/an-aggravated-trajectory-of-depression-and-anxiety-co-morbid-with-hepatitis-c-a-within-groups-study-of-61-australian-outpatients
#18
Benjamin J R Stewart, Deborah Turnbull, Antonina A Mikocka-Walus, Hugh Harley, Jane M Andrews
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the course of depression and anxiety in chronic hepatitis C patients. METHODS:   Data were combined from two studies: (1) Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores in 395 consecutive Australian outpatients from 2006 to 2010 formed the baseline measurement; and (2) Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) scores in a survey of a sub-sample of these patients in 2011 formed the follow-up measurement. After converting DASS to HADS scores, changes in symptom scores and rates of case-ness (≥8), and predictors of follow-up symptoms were assessed...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535050/nervous-facilitation-in-cardiodynamic-response-of-exercising-athletes-to-superimposed-mental-tasks-implications-in-depressive-disorder
#19
Filippo Tocco, Antonio Crisafulli, Raffaele Milia, Elisabetta Marongiu, Roberto Mura, Silvana Roberto, Francesco Todde, Daniele Concu, Salvatore Melis, Fernanda Velluzzi, Andrea Loviselli, Alberto Concu, Franco Melis
Motor commands to perform exercise tasks may also induce activation of cardiovascular centres to supply the energy needs of the contracting muscles. Mental stressors per se may also influence cardiovascular homeostasis. We investigated the cardiovascular response of trained runners simultaneously engaged in mental and physical tasks to establish if aerobically trained subjects could develop, differently from untrained ones, nervous facilitation in the brain cardiovascular centre. Methods : Cardiovascular responses of 8 male middle-distance runners (MDR), simultaneously engaged in mental (colour-word interference test) and physical (cycle ergometer exercise) tasks, were compared with those of 8 untrained subjects...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535049/epidemiology-and-treatment-guidelines-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizo-phrenia-in-central-and-eastern-europe-a-literature-review
#20
Monika Szkultecka-Dębek, Jacek Walczak, Joanna Augustyńska, Katarzyna Miernik, Jarosław Stelmachowski, Izabela Pieniążek, Grzegorz Obrzut, Angelika Pogroszewska, Gabrijela Paulić, Marić Damir, Siniša Antolić, Rok Tavčar, Andra Indrikson, Kaire Aadamsoo, Slobodan Jankovic, Attila J Pulay, József Rimay, Márton Varga, Ivana Sulkova, Petra Veržun
To gather and review data describing the epidemiology of schizophrenia and clinical guidelines for schizophrenia therapy in seven Central and Eastern European countries, with a focus on negative symptoms. Methods : A literature search was conducted which included publications from 1995 to 2012 that were indexed in key databases. Results : Reports of mean annual incidence of schizophrenia varied greatly, from 0.04 to 0.58 per 1,000 population. Lifetime prevalence varied from 0.4% to 1.4%. One study reported that at least one negative symptom was present in 57...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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