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Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081827/study-of-genetic-association-with-dcdc2-and-developmental-dyslexia-in-hong-kong-chinese-children
#1
Mary M Y Waye, Lim K Poo, Connie S-H Ho
BACKGROUND: Doublecortin domain-containing 2 (DCDC2) is a doublecortin domain-containing gene family member and the doublecortin domain has been demonstrated to bind to tubulin and enhance microtubule polymerization. It has been associated with developmental dyslexia and this protein family member is thought to function in neuronal migration where it may affect the signaling of primary cilia. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to find out if there is any association of genetic variants of DCDC2 with developmental dyslexia in Chinese children from Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081826/antipsychotic-use-pattern-in-schizophrenia-outpatients-correlates-of-polypharmacy
#2
Esra Yazici, Ali S Cilli, Ahmet B Yazici, Hayriye Baysan, Mustafa Ince, Sukriye Bosgelmez, Serkan Bilgic, Betul Aslan, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the antipsychotic use patterns of patients with schizophrenia and its correlations in their daily drug use patterns. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia who have regular records at two different community counselling centres (CCS) were included in the study. Information about their medications and sociodemographic data was recorded through face-to-face interviews and supporting information about their drug use patterns was obtained from their relatives/caregivers/nurse...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081825/relationship-among-physical-activity-level-mood-and-anxiety-states-and-quality-of-life-in-physical-education-students
#3
Sandro Legey, Filipe Aquino, Murilo Khede Lamego, Flavia Paes, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: Physical activity level (PAL) is known to play an important role in reducing risk factors associated with sedentarism, in addition to improving the mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQL). OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship of PAL and their domains with HRQL, mood state (MS) and anxiety. Method: 140 Physical Education students (23.6 ± 3.7 years) were evaluated. The Baecke Habitual Physical Activity and Quality of Life (QOL-36) questionnaires, State-Trait Anxiety Inventories (STAI-S and STAI-T) and Profile of Mood States (POMS) scale were used to investigate PAL, HRQL and mental health indicators...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868081/cognitive-performance-in-euthymic-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-vs-healthy-controls-a-neuropsychological-investigation
#4
M Carlotta Palazzo, Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Marta Cristoffanini, Cristina Dobrea, Bernardo Dell'Osso, A Carlo Altamura
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment may affect patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) beyond the acute episodes, qualifying as a potential endophenotype. However, which cognitive domains are specifically affected in euthymic patients with BD and the potential influence of confounding factors (e.g., age and concomitant pharmacological treatment) are still a matter of debate. The present study was, therefore, conducted to assess cognitive performance across specific domains in euthymic bipolar patients, not older than 50 years (to avoid potential age-related bias) versus healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839455/detecting-and-managing-mental-health-issues-within-young-adults-a-systematic-review-on-college-counselling-in-italy
#5
REVIEW
Alberto Ghilardi, Chiara Buizza, Egle Miriam Carobbio, Rossella Lusenti
BACKGROUND: College counselling can be considered as a front-line service in detecting and managing mental health issues within young adults. In this sense, it is important to investigate the effectiveness of counselling interventions. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review about college counselling in Italy; to assess which psychological interventions really meet student needs, and their effectiveness; to focus on the level of cohesion between Italian counselling services and the international guidelines about college counselling...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761500/predicting-factors-of-depression-antidepressant-use-and-positive-response-to-antidepressants-in-perinatal-and-postpartum-women
#6
Huyen Vu, Fadia T Shaya
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is a disparity in knowledge of nationwide depression prevalence, the antidepressant use and the antidepressant responses during perinatal/postpartum periods. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predicting factors of depression, antidepressant use and positive antidepressant response during the perinatal/postpartum periods. METHOD: The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were combined to identify adult pregnant women, those within the 18-month postpartum period (n=492) and their depression statuses via demographics, health care accessibility, antidepressant use and illicit drug use information...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659991/bupropion-maintenance-treatment-in-refractory-bipolar-depression-a-case-report
#7
Julia Dehning, Heinz Grunze, Armand Hausmann
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antidepressant treatment in bipolar depression appears to be controversial due to a lack of quality evidence, and guideline recommendations are either vague or contradictive. This is especially true for second line treatments such as bupropion that had not been subject to rigourous long term studies in Bipolar Disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 75 year old woman who presented with treatment refractory bipolar depression...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603544/hypertension-and-risk-of-post-operative-cognitive-dysfunction-pocd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
I Feinkohl, G Winterer, T Pischon
BACKGROUND: Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs frequently after major surgery. Hypertension is well-established as a risk factor for age-related cognitive impairment, but it is unclear whether or not it also increases the risk of POCD. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of hypertension in POCD risk in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Ovid SP and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for longitudinal studies of adults undergoing surgery with reporting of hypertension, blood pressure and/or anti-hypertensive treatment associations with POCD as relative risks or odds ratios...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458717/child-and-adolescent-behavior-inventory-cabi-standardization-for-age-6-17-years-and-first-clinical-application
#9
Carlo Cianchetti, Marcello Pasculli, Andrea Pittau, Maria Grazia Campus, Valeria Carta, Roberta Littarru, Giuseppina Sannio Fancello, Alessandro Zuddas, Maria Giuseppina Ledda
BACKGROUND: The Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI) is a questionnaire designed to collect information from the parents of children and adolescents, both for the preparation of screening and epidemiological studies and for clinical evaluation. It has been published in CPEMH in 2013, with the first data on 8-10 years old school children. Here we report an extended standardization on a school population 6-17 years old and the first results of the application in a clinical sample...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458716/moderate-depression-promotes-posttraumatic-growth-ptg-a-young-population-survey-2-years-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake
#10
V Bianchini, L Giusti, A Salza, V Cofini, M G Cifone, M Casacchia, L Fabiani, R Roncone
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes can result in a range of psychopathology and in negative and positive consequences for survivors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between clinical aftereffects (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among young survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, Italy. METHOD: 316 young earthquake survivors enrolled in the University of L'Aquila were evaluated two years after the natural disaster...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217146/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-for-health-related-quality-of-life-comparing-treatments-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#11
Malin Anclair, Fredrik Hjärthag, Arto Juhani Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: Research on parents of children with chronic conditions has shown that this parent group frequently suffers from psychological problems such as deteriorating life quality and stress-related disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present feasibility study focuses on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and life satisfaction of parents of children with chronic conditions. METHOD: The study was conducted using a repeated measures design and applied either group-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT; n = 10) or a group-based mindfulness programme (MF; n = 9)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217145/relationship-among-body-image-anthropometric-parameters-and-mental-health-in-physical-education-students
#12
Sandro Legey, Murilo Khede Lamego, Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Federica Sancassiani, Gioia Mura, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Nuno Barbosa F Rocha, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Aldair José de Oliveira, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Henning Budde, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction (BID) is currently high. Given that psychological well-being is associated with the body measurements imposed by esthetic standards, BID is an important risk factor for mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence of BID, and compare anthropometric and mental health parameters between individuals satisfied and dissatisfied with their body image. METHOD: A total of 140 university students completed the silhouette scale to screen for BID...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217144/nursing-staff-members-mental-s-health-and-factors-associated-with-the-work-process-an-integrative-review
#13
Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Sandra Lopes de Souza, Everton Botelho Sougey, Elayne Cristina de Oliveira Ribeiro, José Jailson Costa do Nascimento, Mariana Bandeira Formiga, Luciana Batista de Souza Ventura, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima, Antonia Oliveira Silva
BACKGROUND: The mental health of nursing staff members influences the work process outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Identify the work related factors that harms the nursing team's mental health. METHODS: Databases PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and MEDLINE, by mating between the indexed descriptors in MeSH terms "mental health" and "occupational health nursing". 783 articles were rescued to give a final sample of 18 articles. Integrative review in order to identify factors associated with the work process of the nursing staff that negatively affects mental health...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217143/quality-of-life-of-sardinian-immigrants-in-buenos-aires-and-of-people-living-in-italy-and-sardinia-does-the-kind-of-care-have-a-role-for-people-with-depression
#14
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Silvia D'Oca, Michela Atzeni, Alessandra Perra, Maria Francesca Moro, Federica Sancassiani, Gustavo Mausel, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Luigi Minerba, Veronica Brasesco
BACKGROUND / OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the Quality of Life (QoL) of Sardinian immigrants to Argentina with Sardinians residing in Sardinia. The hypothesis was that a different availability of effective treatments for mood disorders may impact the well being of persons with these disorders. METHODS: One out of five families of Sardinian origin was randomly selected. An Italian study (including Sardinia) was adopted as the control. The Mood Disorder Questionnaire was used for screening mania/hypomania; the diagnosis of Current Major Depressive Disorder was conducted by means of the Patient Health Questionnaire in immigrants and by means of a clinical interview in the control study and in an immigrant subsample (to verify comparability); the Short-Form Health Survey-12 was applied to measure QoL...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217142/does-the-silver-bullet-lose-its-shine-over-the-time-assessment-of-loss-of-lithium-response-in-a-preliminary-sample-of-bipolar-disorder-outpatients
#15
M Fornaro, B Stubbs, D De Berardis, F Iasevoli, M Solmi, N Veronese, A Carano, G Perna, A De Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Though often perceived as a "silver bullet" treatment for bipolar disorder (BD), lithium has seldom reported to lose its efficacy over the time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess cases of refractoriness toward restarted lithium in BD patients who failed to preserve maintenance. METHOD: Treatment trajectories associated with re-instituted lithium following loss of achieved lithium-based maintenance in BD were retrospectively reviewed for 37 BD-I patients (median age 52 years; F:M=17:20 or 46% of the total) over an 8...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990173/working-and-environmental-factors-on-job-burnout-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#16
Maura Galletta, Igor Portoghese, Marta Ciuffi, Federica Sancassiani, Ernesto D' Aloja, Marcello Campagna
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a problem that impacts on the staff management costs and on the patient care quality. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to investigate some psychosocial factors related to burnout. Specifically, we explored the sample characteristics for moderate/high emotional exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy, as well as the relationship between both working and environmental variables and burnout. METHOD: A cross-sectional study involving 307 nurses from one Italian hospital was carried out...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867417/from-asperger-s-autistischen-psychopathen-to-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-beyond-a-subthreshold-autism-spectrum-model
#17
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Ilenia Moroni, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Maj
Growing interest has recently been devoted to partial forms of autism, lying at the diagnostic boundaries of those conditions previously diagnosed as Asperger's Disorder. This latter includes an important retrieval of the European classical psychopathological concepts of adult autism to which Hans Asperger referred in his work. Based on the review of Asperger's Autistische Psychopathie, from first descriptions through the DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder and up to the recent DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder, the paper aims to propose a Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867416/acute-affective-responses-and-frontal-electroencephalographic-asymmetry-to-prescribed-and-self-selected-exercise
#18
Eduardo Lattari, Eduardo Portugal, Renato Sobral Monteiro Junior, Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, Tony Meireles Santos, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Henning Budde, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Sérgio Machado
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare affective responses and frontal electroencephalographic alpha asymmetry induced by prescribed exercise (PE) and self-selected exercise (SS). METHOD: Twenty active participants underwent a submaximal exercise test to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Participants enrolled a cross-over randomized study where each participant completed three conditions: PE (50%PVO2max), SS and Control. The electroencephalography was performed before and after exercise...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867415/prior-acute-mental-exertion-in-exercise-and-sport
#19
REVIEW
Fernando Lopes E Silva-Júnior, Patrick Emanuel, Jordan Sousa, Matheus Silva, Silmar Teixeira, Flávio Pires, Sérgio Machado, Oscar Arias-Carrion
INTRODUCTION: Mental exertion is a psychophysiological state caused by sustained and prolonged cognitive activity. The understanding of the possible effects of acute mental exertion on physical performance, and their physiological and psychological responses are of great importance for the performance of different occupations, such as military, construction workers, athletes (professional or recreational) or simply practicing regular exercise, since these occupations often combine physical and mental tasks while performing their activities...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867414/the-role-of-family-variables-in-the-length-of-stay-of-psychiatric-in-patients
#20
Satoko Yoneyama, Yudo Makita, Keiko Miyazu, Kazuhiko Katsukawa, Eiichi Yoneyama, Shinji Masuda, Yukiko Nakajima, Yasuhiro Kawasaki, Kenji Miyazu
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the number of beds and average length of stay in a psychiatric ward are greater than in other developed countries. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the association between family variables and the length of stay of patients with mental and behavioural disorders in a private psychiatric hospital in Japan. METHODS: The medical records of patients discharged during a one-year period (n=56: men 50.0% excepting 27 patients discharged due to death were re-examined regarding age, laundry type (self-washing of clothes, family washing or supplier washing), number of family visits per one month while hospitalised, and family structure prior to hospitalisation...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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