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Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659991/bupropion-maintenance-treatment-in-refractory-bipolar-depression-a-case-report
#1
Julia Dehning, Heinz Grunze, Armand Hausmann
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antidepressant treatment in bipolar depression appears to be controversial due to a lack of quality evidence, and guideline recommendations are either vague or contradictive. This is especially true for second line treatments such as bupropion that had not been subject to rigourous long term studies in Bipolar Disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 75 year old woman who presented with treatment refractory bipolar depression...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603544/hypertension-and-risk-of-post-operative-cognitive-dysfunction-pocd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
I Feinkohl, G Winterer, T Pischon
BACKGROUND: Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs frequently after major surgery. Hypertension is well-established as a risk factor for age-related cognitive impairment, but it is unclear whether or not it also increases the risk of POCD. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of hypertension in POCD risk in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Ovid SP and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for longitudinal studies of adults undergoing surgery with reporting of hypertension, blood pressure and/or anti-hypertensive treatment associations with POCD as relative risks or odds ratios...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458717/child-and-adolescent-behavior-inventory-cabi-standardization-for-age-6-17-years-and-first-clinical-application
#3
Carlo Cianchetti, Marcello Pasculli, Andrea Pittau, Maria Grazia Campus, Valeria Carta, Roberta Littarru, Giuseppina Sannio Fancello, Alessandro Zuddas, Maria Giuseppina Ledda
BACKGROUND: The Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI) is a questionnaire designed to collect information from the parents of children and adolescents, both for the preparation of screening and epidemiological studies and for clinical evaluation. It has been published in CPEMH in 2013, with the first data on 8-10 years old school children. Here we report an extended standardization on a school population 6-17 years old and the first results of the application in a clinical sample...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458716/moderate-depression-promotes-posttraumatic-growth-ptg-a-young-population-survey-2-years-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake
#4
V Bianchini, L Giusti, A Salza, V Cofini, M G Cifone, M Casacchia, L Fabiani, R Roncone
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes can result in a range of psychopathology and in negative and positive consequences for survivors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between clinical aftereffects (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among young survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, Italy. METHOD: 316 young earthquake survivors enrolled in the University of L'Aquila were evaluated two years after the natural disaster...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217146/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-for-health-related-quality-of-life-comparing-treatments-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#5
Malin Anclair, Fredrik Hjärthag, Arto Juhani Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: Research on parents of children with chronic conditions has shown that this parent group frequently suffers from psychological problems such as deteriorating life quality and stress-related disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present feasibility study focuses on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and life satisfaction of parents of children with chronic conditions. METHOD: The study was conducted using a repeated measures design and applied either group-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT; n = 10) or a group-based mindfulness programme (MF; n = 9)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217145/relationship-among-body-image-anthropometric-parameters-and-mental-health-in-physical-education-students
#6
Sandro Legey, Murilo Khede Lamego, Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Federica Sancassiani, Gioia Mura, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Nuno Barbosa F Rocha, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Aldair José de Oliveira, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Henning Budde, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction (BID) is currently high. Given that psychological well-being is associated with the body measurements imposed by esthetic standards, BID is an important risk factor for mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence of BID, and compare anthropometric and mental health parameters between individuals satisfied and dissatisfied with their body image. METHOD: A total of 140 university students completed the silhouette scale to screen for BID...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217144/nursing-staff-members-mental-s-health-and-factors-associated-with-the-work-process-an-integrative-review
#7
Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Sandra Lopes de Souza, Everton Botelho Sougey, Elayne Cristina de Oliveira Ribeiro, José Jailson Costa do Nascimento, Mariana Bandeira Formiga, Luciana Batista de Souza Ventura, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima, Antonia Oliveira Silva
BACKGROUND: The mental health of nursing staff members influences the work process outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Identify the work related factors that harms the nursing team's mental health. METHODS: Databases PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and MEDLINE, by mating between the indexed descriptors in MeSH terms "mental health" and "occupational health nursing". 783 articles were rescued to give a final sample of 18 articles. Integrative review in order to identify factors associated with the work process of the nursing staff that negatively affects mental health...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217143/quality-of-life-of-sardinian-immigrants-in-buenos-aires-and-of-people-living-in-italy-and-sardinia-does-the-kind-of-care-have-a-role-for-people-with-depression
#8
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Silvia D'Oca, Michela Atzeni, Alessandra Perra, Maria Francesca Moro, Federica Sancassiani, Gustavo Mausel, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Luigi Minerba, Veronica Brasesco
BACKGROUND / OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the Quality of Life (QoL) of Sardinian immigrants to Argentina with Sardinians residing in Sardinia. The hypothesis was that a different availability of effective treatments for mood disorders may impact the well being of persons with these disorders. METHODS: One out of five families of Sardinian origin was randomly selected. An Italian study (including Sardinia) was adopted as the control. The Mood Disorder Questionnaire was used for screening mania/hypomania; the diagnosis of Current Major Depressive Disorder was conducted by means of the Patient Health Questionnaire in immigrants and by means of a clinical interview in the control study and in an immigrant subsample (to verify comparability); the Short-Form Health Survey-12 was applied to measure QoL...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217142/does-the-silver-bullet-lose-its-shine-over-the-time-assessment-of-loss-of-lithium-response-in-a-preliminary-sample-of-bipolar-disorder-outpatients
#9
M Fornaro, B Stubbs, D De Berardis, F Iasevoli, M Solmi, N Veronese, A Carano, G Perna, A De Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Though often perceived as a "silver bullet" treatment for bipolar disorder (BD), lithium has seldom reported to lose its efficacy over the time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess cases of refractoriness toward restarted lithium in BD patients who failed to preserve maintenance. METHOD: Treatment trajectories associated with re-instituted lithium following loss of achieved lithium-based maintenance in BD were retrospectively reviewed for 37 BD-I patients (median age 52 years; F:M=17:20 or 46% of the total) over an 8...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990173/working-and-environmental-factors-on-job-burnout-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#10
Maura Galletta, Igor Portoghese, Marta Ciuffi, Federica Sancassiani, Ernesto D' Aloja, Marcello Campagna
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a problem that impacts on the staff management costs and on the patient care quality. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to investigate some psychosocial factors related to burnout. Specifically, we explored the sample characteristics for moderate/high emotional exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy, as well as the relationship between both working and environmental variables and burnout. METHOD: A cross-sectional study involving 307 nurses from one Italian hospital was carried out...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867417/from-asperger-s-autistischen-psychopathen-to-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-beyond-a-subthreshold-autism-spectrum-model
#11
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Ilenia Moroni, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Maj
Growing interest has recently been devoted to partial forms of autism, lying at the diagnostic boundaries of those conditions previously diagnosed as Asperger's Disorder. This latter includes an important retrieval of the European classical psychopathological concepts of adult autism to which Hans Asperger referred in his work. Based on the review of Asperger's Autistische Psychopathie, from first descriptions through the DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder and up to the recent DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder, the paper aims to propose a Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867416/acute-affective-responses-and-frontal-electroencephalographic-asymmetry-to-prescribed-and-self-selected-exercise
#12
Eduardo Lattari, Eduardo Portugal, Renato Sobral Monteiro Junior, Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, Tony Meireles Santos, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Henning Budde, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Sérgio Machado
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare affective responses and frontal electroencephalographic alpha asymmetry induced by prescribed exercise (PE) and self-selected exercise (SS). METHOD: Twenty active participants underwent a submaximal exercise test to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Participants enrolled a cross-over randomized study where each participant completed three conditions: PE (50%PVO2max), SS and Control. The electroencephalography was performed before and after exercise...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867415/prior-acute-mental-exertion-in-exercise-and-sport
#13
REVIEW
Fernando Lopes E Silva-Júnior, Patrick Emanuel, Jordan Sousa, Matheus Silva, Silmar Teixeira, Flávio Pires, Sérgio Machado, Oscar Arias-Carrion
INTRODUCTION: Mental exertion is a psychophysiological state caused by sustained and prolonged cognitive activity. The understanding of the possible effects of acute mental exertion on physical performance, and their physiological and psychological responses are of great importance for the performance of different occupations, such as military, construction workers, athletes (professional or recreational) or simply practicing regular exercise, since these occupations often combine physical and mental tasks while performing their activities...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867414/the-role-of-family-variables-in-the-length-of-stay-of-psychiatric-in-patients
#14
Satoko Yoneyama, Yudo Makita, Keiko Miyazu, Kazuhiko Katsukawa, Eiichi Yoneyama, Shinji Masuda, Yukiko Nakajima, Yasuhiro Kawasaki, Kenji Miyazu
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the number of beds and average length of stay in a psychiatric ward are greater than in other developed countries. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the association between family variables and the length of stay of patients with mental and behavioural disorders in a private psychiatric hospital in Japan. METHODS: The medical records of patients discharged during a one-year period (n=56: men 50.0% excepting 27 patients discharged due to death were re-examined regarding age, laundry type (self-washing of clothes, family washing or supplier washing), number of family visits per one month while hospitalised, and family structure prior to hospitalisation...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857778/state-of-acute-agitation-at-psychiatric-emergencies-in-europe-the-stage-study
#15
Luis San, Josef Marksteiner, Peter Zwanzger, María Aragüés Figuero, Francisco Toledo Romero, Grigorios Kyropoulos, Alberto Bessa Peixoto, Roxana Chirita, Anca Boldeanu
BACKGROUND: Agitation is an array of syndromes and types of behaviors that are common in patients with psychiatric disorders. In Europe, the estimation of prevalence of agitation has been difficult due to the lack of standard studies or systematic data collection done on this syndrome. OBJECTIVE: An observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study aimed to assess the prevalence of agitation episodes in psychiatric emergencies in different European countries. METHOD: For 1 week, all episodes of acute agitation that were attended to at the psychiatric emergency room (ER) or Acute Inpatient Unit (AIU) in the 27 participating centers were registered...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857777/associations-between-anxiety-disorder-diagnoses-and-body-mass-index-differ-by-age-sex-and-race-a-population-based-study
#16
Ramona S DeJesus, Carmen R Breitkopf, Jon O Ebbert, Lila J Finney Rutten, Robert M Jacobson, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, Jennifer St Sauver
BACKGROUND: Few large studies have examined correlations between anxiety and body mass index (BMI) by gender or racial groups using clinical data. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine associations between diagnosed anxiety disorders and BMI, and evaluate whether observed associations varied by demographic characteristics. METHOD: Data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) data linkage system were analyzed to examine associations between anxiety disorders and BMI among adults ages 18-85 residing in Olmsted County, MN in 2009 (n=103,557)...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843483/human-rights-of-asylum-seekers-with-psychosocial-disabilities-in-europe
#17
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Antonio Preti, Jutta Lindert, Dinesh Bhugra, Mattias Angermeyer, Marcello Vellante
BACKGROUND: The migrants crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe have dramatically been increased in 2015 as the number of incidents and deaths. OBJECTIVE: This editorial summarizes the results of our work and highlights some critical aspects that hinder the care to asylum seekers with stress disorders. METHOD: Screening for mental disorders was performed in all migrants joint three camps in Sardinia (January-September 2015) using K6, Short Screening Scale for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and with an interview...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733865/how-stable-are-temperaments-in-the-clinical-setting-a-pilot-study
#18
Elie G Karam, Elaine El Khoury, Lynn Itani
BACKGROUND: An essential point in evaluating the utility of measuring temperaments is the stability of the instrument used especially in the presence of mental disorders. One of the most commonly used instruments in the clinical setting is the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). To our knowledge, the TEMPS-A's stability in an outpatient adult clinical setting has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of the effect of temperament, time and clinical intervention...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708686/a-13-weeks-mindfulness-based-pain-management-program-improves-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-compared-with-waiting-list-controls
#19
Tonny Elmose Andersen, Henrik Bjarke Vægter
BACKGROUND: Eradication of pain is seldom an option in chronic pain management. Hence, mindfulness meditation has become popular in pain management. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study compared the effect of a 13-weeks cognitive behavioural therapy program with integrated mindfulness meditation (CBTm) in patients with chronic non-malignant pain with a control condition. It was hypothesised that the CBTm program would reduce pain intensity and psychological distress compared to the control condition and that level of mindfulness and acceptance both would be associated with the reduction in pain intensity and psychological distress...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418940/internet-addiction-and-excessive-social-networks-use-what-about-facebook
#20
Eduardo Guedes, Federica Sancassiani, Mauro Giovani Carta, Carlos Campos, Sergio Machado, Anna Lucia Spear King, Antonio Egidio Nardi
Facebook is notably the most widely known and used social network worldwide. It has been described as a valuable tool for leisure and communication between people all over the world. However, healthy and conscience Facebook use is contrasted by excessive use and lack of control, creating an addiction with severely impacts the everyday life of many users, mainly youths. If Facebook use seems to be related to the need to belong, affiliate with others and for self-presentation, the beginning of excessive Facebook use and addiction could be associated to reward and gratification mechanisms as well as some personality traits...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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