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Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299047/the-sardinian-puzzle-concentration-of-major-psychoses-and-suicide-in-the-same-sub-regions-across-one-century
#1
Alberto Bocchetta, Francesco Traccis
Background: Sardinia, the second largest Mediterranean island has long been considered a privileged observatory for the study of several medical conditions. The peculiar epidemiology of mood disorders and suicide across Sardinian sub-regions has long intrigued clinicians and researchers. Objective: The principal aim of the present study was to test whether the geographical distribution of suicides committed in Sardinian over the last three decades are comparable with the geographical origin of patients hospitalized up to half a century ago...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299046/the-relationship-between-personality-and-neurocognition-among-the-american-elderly-an-epidemiologic-study
#2
Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Raffaele Sperandeo, Silvia Dell'Orco, Pasquale Cozzolino, Maria Luigia Fusco, Vittoria Silviana Iorio, Daniela Albesi, Patrizia Marone, Nicole Nascivera, Pietro Cipresso
Background: Although different personality traits have often been associated with different levels of mental activity and cognitive functioning, no previous studies have evaluated the association in a sample that mirrors a nationally-representative sample of elderly individuals. Objective: To evaluate the association between personality traits and neurocognitive functioning among individuals 51 years and older using the Cognition and Aging in the USA (CogUSA) database...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299045/the-effects-of-velamente-project-on-social-functioning-of-people-with-severe-psychosocial-disabilities
#3
Federica Sancassiani, Stefano Lorrai, Giulia Cossu, Alessio Cocco, Giuseppina Trincas, Francesca Floris, Gisa Mellino, Sergio Machado, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Elisabetta Pascolo Fabrici, Antonio Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Introduction: Physical activity helps to improve several clinical outcomes of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. The aims of this study were; 1) to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing in a crew on: a) social functioning; b) severity of the psychosocial disability; c) general functioning; d) dysregulation of biorhythms of people with severe psychosocial disabilities, and 2) to evaluate the attenders' satisfaction about the project...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299044/relationship-between-brain-derived-neurotrofic-factor-bdnf-and-sleep-on-depression-a-critical-review
#4
Bárbara C Monteiro, Suzana Monteiro, Maristela Candida, Nathalia Adler, Flavia Paes, Nuno Rocha, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sergio Machado
The Brain-Derived Neurotrofic Factor (BDNF) is one of the most important neurotrophins in the brain and it is suggested influences the activity of the serotonergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic pathways. In the last few years, it has been hypothesized that BDNF level is related with depression and sleep. Several studies show that depressive subjects present low levels of BDNF in the brain. Poor sleep quality is also related with alterations in the BDNF concentration. Some authors argue that most of the cases show that impaired sleep quality increases the stress and, consequently, the vulnerability to depressive disorders, suggesting that there is a relationship between sleep, depression and BDNF levels...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290756/affective-changes-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-as-measured-by-panas
#5
Lars Saxon, Sophie Henriksson, Adam Kvarnström, Arto J Hiltunen
Background: Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT. Method: A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i.e...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238396/-velamente-sailin-in-a-crew-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-people-with-psychosocial-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Federica Sancassiani, Alessio Cocco, Giulia Cossu, Stefano Lorrai, Giuseppina Trincas, Francesca Floris, Gisa Mellino, Sergio Machado, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Elisabetta Pascolo Fabrici, Antonello Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Introduction: It has been proposed that sailing can improve quality of life, personal and social skills of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing on quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence in people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Methods: The study was a randomized, with parallel groups, waiting-list controlled trial. Participants were 51 people with severe psychosocial disabilities...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238395/cognitive-dysfunction-in-asian-patients-with-depression-cogdad-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Srisurapanont Manit, Mok Yee Ming, Yang Yen Kuang, Chan Herng-Nieng, Della Constantine D, Zainal Nor Zuraida, Jambunathan Stephen, Amir Nurmiati, Kalita Pranabi
Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Methods: This was a multi-country, multi-centre, cross-sectional study...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238394/physical-exercise-as-stabilizer-for-alzheimer-s-disease-cognitive-decline-current-status
#8
Sergio Machado, Alberto Souza de Sá Filho, Matheus Wilbert, Gabriela Barbieri, Victor Almeida, Alexandre Gurgel, Charles V Rosa, Victor Lins, Alexandre Paixão, Kamila Santana, Gabriel Ramos, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Flá Paes, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez
Introduction: Mental health decline is one of the main responsible factors for augments in health care costs, and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some studies stated physical exercise is useful for reduction in cognitive decline and AD. Moreover, a recent review argued that evidence are scarce due to few studies published and lack of configuration information of exercise protocol, such as intensity and duration of exercise, number of sessions and other relevant data, to allow appropriate assessment...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238393/influence-of-severe-carotid-stenosis-on-cognition-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#9
Elina Pucite, Ildze Krievina, Evija Miglane, Renars Erts, Dainis Krievins
Background: Carotid artery disease is not just a causal risk factor of ischemic stroke, but may predispose patients to depressive symptoms and low health related quality of life (HRQoL). Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to assess the association between severe carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and cognitive impairment, frequency of depressive symptoms and status of HRQoL. Methods: Cross - sectional study involved 55 patients with severe CAS and 54 patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238392/risk-for-depression-burnout-and-low-quality-of-life-among-personnel-of-a-university-hospital-in-italy-is-a-consequence-of-the-impact-one-economic-crisis-in-the-welfare-system
#10
M G Carta, A Preti, I Portoghese, E Pisanu, D Moro, M Pintus, E Pintus, A Perra, S D'Oca, M Atzeni, M Campagna, E Fabrici Pascolo, F Sancassiani, G Finco, E D'Aloja, L Grassi
Background: Research literature suggests that burnout, depression, and a low mental quality of life (QOL) are common among health care workers. Economic crisis might have increased the burden of burnout, depression and low QOL in health care workers. Objectives: To identify depression risk, burnout levels, and quality of life in a sample of workers of an Italian university hospital. Method: Cross sectional study with comparison with two community surveys database results (n = 2000 and 1500, respectively)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238391/functional-impairment-and-painful-physical-symptoms-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-treated-with-antidepressants-real-world-evidence-from-the-middle-east
#11
Jihyung Hong, Diego Novick, Maria Victoria Moneta, Ahmed El-Shafei, Héctor Dueñas, Josep Maria Haro
Background: The Global Burden of Disease 2010 study reported the relative size of major depressive disorder (MDD) burden to be greater in the Middle East and North Africa than anywhere else. However, little research has been carried out to examine the comparative effectiveness of antidepressants in this region. Objective: To assess and compare functioning levels in Middle Eastern patients with MDD treated with either duloxetine or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), and to examine the impacts of depression-related pain on functioning by the type of treatment...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238390/modulatory-effect-of-association-of-brain-stimulation-by-light-and-binaural-beats-in-specific-brain-waves
#12
Mauricio Rocha Calomeni, Vernon Furtado da Silva, Bruna Brandão Velasques, Olavo Guimarães Feijó, Juliana Marques Bittencourt, Alair Pedro Ribeiro de Souza E Silva
Introduction: One of the positive effects of brain stimulation is interhemispheric modulation as shown in some scientific studies. This study examined if a type of noninvasive stimulation using binaural beats with led-lights and sound would show different modulatory effects upon Alfa and SMR brain waves of elderlies and children with some disease types. Subjects: The sample included 75 individuals of both genders, being, randomly, divided in 6 groups. Groups were named elderly without dementia diagnosis (EWD), n=15, 76±8 years, elderly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (EDP), n=15, 72±7 years, elderly diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (EDA), n=15, 81±6 years...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#13
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081827/study-of-genetic-association-with-dcdc2-and-developmental-dyslexia-in-hong-kong-chinese-children
#14
Mary M Y Waye, Lim K Poo, Connie S-H Ho
BACKGROUND: Doublecortin domain-containing 2 (DCDC2) is a doublecortin domain-containing gene family member and the doublecortin domain has been demonstrated to bind to tubulin and enhance microtubule polymerization. It has been associated with developmental dyslexia and this protein family member is thought to function in neuronal migration where it may affect the signaling of primary cilia. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to find out if there is any association of genetic variants of DCDC2 with developmental dyslexia in Chinese children from Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081826/antipsychotic-use-pattern-in-schizophrenia-outpatients-correlates-of-polypharmacy
#15
Esra Yazici, Ali S Cilli, Ahmet B Yazici, Hayriye Baysan, Mustafa Ince, Sukriye Bosgelmez, Serkan Bilgic, Betul Aslan, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the antipsychotic use patterns of patients with schizophrenia and its correlations in their daily drug use patterns. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia who have regular records at two different community counselling centres (CCS) were included in the study. Information about their medications and sociodemographic data was recorded through face-to-face interviews and supporting information about their drug use patterns was obtained from their relatives/caregivers/nurse...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081825/relationship-among-physical-activity-level-mood-and-anxiety-states-and-quality-of-life-in-physical-education-students
#16
Sandro Legey, Filipe Aquino, Murilo Khede Lamego, Flavia Paes, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: Physical activity level (PAL) is known to play an important role in reducing risk factors associated with sedentarism, in addition to improving the mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQL). OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship of PAL and their domains with HRQL, mood state (MS) and anxiety. Method: 140 Physical Education students (23.6 ± 3.7 years) were evaluated. The Baecke Habitual Physical Activity and Quality of Life (QOL-36) questionnaires, State-Trait Anxiety Inventories (STAI-S and STAI-T) and Profile of Mood States (POMS) scale were used to investigate PAL, HRQL and mental health indicators...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868081/cognitive-performance-in-euthymic-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-vs-healthy-controls-a-neuropsychological-investigation
#17
M Carlotta Palazzo, Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Marta Cristoffanini, Cristina Dobrea, Bernardo Dell'Osso, A Carlo Altamura
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment may affect patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) beyond the acute episodes, qualifying as a potential endophenotype. However, which cognitive domains are specifically affected in euthymic patients with BD and the potential influence of confounding factors (e.g., age and concomitant pharmacological treatment) are still a matter of debate. The present study was, therefore, conducted to assess cognitive performance across specific domains in euthymic bipolar patients, not older than 50 years (to avoid potential age-related bias) versus healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839455/detecting-and-managing-mental-health-issues-within-young-adults-a-systematic-review-on-college-counselling-in-italy
#18
REVIEW
Alberto Ghilardi, Chiara Buizza, Egle Miriam Carobbio, Rossella Lusenti
BACKGROUND: College counselling can be considered as a front-line service in detecting and managing mental health issues within young adults. In this sense, it is important to investigate the effectiveness of counselling interventions. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review about college counselling in Italy; to assess which psychological interventions really meet student needs, and their effectiveness; to focus on the level of cohesion between Italian counselling services and the international guidelines about college counselling...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761500/predicting-factors-of-depression-antidepressant-use-and-positive-response-to-antidepressants-in-perinatal-and-postpartum-women
#19
Huyen Vu, Fadia T Shaya
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is a disparity in knowledge of nationwide depression prevalence, the antidepressant use and the antidepressant responses during perinatal/postpartum periods. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predicting factors of depression, antidepressant use and positive antidepressant response during the perinatal/postpartum periods. METHOD: The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were combined to identify adult pregnant women, those within the 18-month postpartum period (n=492) and their depression statuses via demographics, health care accessibility, antidepressant use and illicit drug use information...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659991/bupropion-maintenance-treatment-in-refractory-bipolar-depression-a-case-report
#20
Julia Dehning, Heinz Grunze, Armand Hausmann
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antidepressant treatment in bipolar depression appears to be controversial due to a lack of quality evidence, and guideline recommendations are either vague or contradictive. This is especially true for second line treatments such as bupropion that had not been subject to rigourous long term studies in Bipolar Disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 75 year old woman who presented with treatment refractory bipolar depression...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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