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Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH

Elie G Karam, Elaine El Khoury, Lynn Itani
BACKGROUND: An essential point in evaluating the utility of measuring temperaments is the stability of the instrument used especially in the presence of mental disorders. One of the most commonly used instruments in the clinical setting is the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). To our knowledge, the TEMPS-A's stability in an outpatient adult clinical setting has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of the effect of temperament, time and clinical intervention...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Tonny Elmose Andersen, Henrik Bjarke Vægter
BACKGROUND: Eradication of pain is seldom an option in chronic pain management. Hence, mindfulness meditation has become popular in pain management. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study compared the effect of a 13-weeks cognitive behavioural therapy program with integrated mindfulness meditation (CBTm) in patients with chronic non-malignant pain with a control condition. It was hypothesised that the CBTm program would reduce pain intensity and psychological distress compared to the control condition and that level of mindfulness and acceptance both would be associated with the reduction in pain intensity and psychological distress...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Eduardo Guedes, Federica Sancassiani, Mauro Giovani Carta, Carlos Campos, Sergio Machado, Anna Lucia Spear King, Antonio Egidio Nardi
Facebook is notably the most widely known and used social network worldwide. It has been described as a valuable tool for leisure and communication between people all over the world. However, healthy and conscience Facebook use is contrasted by excessive use and lack of control, creating an addiction with severely impacts the everyday life of many users, mainly youths. If Facebook use seems to be related to the need to belong, affiliate with others and for self-presentation, the beginning of excessive Facebook use and addiction could be associated to reward and gratification mechanisms as well as some personality traits...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Masaki Nishida, Senichiro Kikuchi, Kazuhito Fukuda, Satoshi Kato
Severe social withdrawal, called hikikomori, has drawn increased public attention. However, an optimal clinical approach and strategy of treatment has not been well established. Here, we report a case of hikikomori for which an exercise intervention using jogging therapy was effective, showing cerebral hemodynamic improvement. The patient was a 20 year old Japanese male who was hospitalized in order to evaluate and treat severe social withdrawal. Although depressive and anxiety symptoms partially subsided with sertraline alone, social withdrawal persisted due to a lack of self confidence...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Karina Junqueira de Menezes, Clayton Peixoto, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sérgio Machado, André Barciela Veras
UNLABELLED: To present a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigate the relationship between the hormones Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cognition. METHODS: The cognition items included in this review were global cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, intelligence, perception and visuospatial ability. A systematic review was proceeded using three databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Michael Ioannou, Marzia Dellepiane, Antonella Benvenuti, Konstantinos Feloukatzis, Nektaria Skondra, Liliana Dell'Osso, Steinn Steingrímsson
BACKGROUND: Mood Spectrum Self Report (MOODS-SR) is an instrument that assesses mood spectrum symptomatology including subthreshold manifestations and temperamental features. There are different versions of the MOODS-SR for different time frames of symptom assessment: lifetime (MOODS-LT), last-month and last-week (MOODS-LW) versions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the MOODS-LT the MOODS-LW. METHODS: The reliability of the MOODS-LT and MOODS-LW was evaluated in terms of internal consistency and partial correlations among domains and subdomains...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Sergio Machado, Eduardo Lattari, Flávia Paes, Nuno B F Rocha, Antonio E Nardi, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Gioia Mura, Ti-Fei Yuan, Mauro G Carta, Carlos Campos
Stroke is one of the major causes of disability in the world. Due to the extended lifetime of the world's population, the number of people affected by stroke has increased substantially over the last years. Stroke may lead to sensorimotor deficits, usually causing hemiplegia or hemiparesia. In order to reduce motor deficits and accelerate functional recovery, MP combined with motor rehabilitation was introduced to the rehabilitation process of post-stroke patients. Evidence has shown that MP combining with motor rehabilitation based on activities of daily living was more effective than conventional motor rehabilitation used per se...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Maria Lecca, Luca Saba, Roberto Sanfilippo, Elisa Pintus, Michela Cadoni, Federica Sancassiani, Maria Francesca Moro, Davide Craboledda, Chiara Lo Giudice, Roberto Montisci
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: To study in severe carotid atherosclerosis (CA): the frequency of mood disorders (MD); the impairment of quality of life (QoL); the role of co-morbid MD in such impairment. METHODS: Case-control study. CASES: consecutive in-patients with CA (stenosis ≥ 50%). CONTROLS: subjects with no diagnosis of CA randomized from a database of a community survey. Psychiatric diagnosis according to DSM-IV made by clinicians and semi-structured interview, QoL measured by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12)...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Anders Boyd
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a prediction model for mental health needs (MHN) and psychiatric needs (PN) using specific social indicators, obtainable from census data, within low-density departments (LDD) and high- density departments (HDD). METHODS: In a population-based study of 20,404 participants from 22 departments in France, mental health needs were defined into three categories (no needs, MHN, and PN) using the Composite International Diagnosis Interview Short-Form, Sheehan disability scale, and presence of depressive and alcohol disorders...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Alessandra Conti, Federica Lecca, Federica Sancassiani, Giulia Cossu, Rossana Carruxi, Alessandro Boccone, Michela Cadoni, Anna Pisanu, Maria Francesca Moro, Luigi Demelia
INTRODUCTION: HASH(0x3aad3b8) AIMS: to measure the association between Celiac Disease (CD) and affective disorders, particularly Bipolar Disorder (BD), since it has not been studied yet, and to measure how much the quality of life (QoL) of a person with CD is affected by comorbidity with these disorders. METHODS: HASH(0x3915f40) DESIGN: Case-control study. CASES: 60 consecutive patients with CD...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Benjamin J R Stewart, Deborah Turnbull, Antonina A Mikocka-Walus, Hugh Harley, Jane M Andrews
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the course of depression and anxiety in chronic hepatitis C patients. METHODS:   Data were combined from two studies: (1) Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores in 395 consecutive Australian outpatients from 2006 to 2010 formed the baseline measurement; and (2) Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) scores in a survey of a sub-sample of these patients in 2011 formed the follow-up measurement. After converting DASS to HADS scores, changes in symptom scores and rates of case-ness (≥8), and predictors of follow-up symptoms were assessed...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Filippo Tocco, Antonio Crisafulli, Raffaele Milia, Elisabetta Marongiu, Roberto Mura, Silvana Roberto, Francesco Todde, Daniele Concu, Salvatore Melis, Fernanda Velluzzi, Andrea Loviselli, Alberto Concu, Franco Melis
Motor commands to perform exercise tasks may also induce activation of cardiovascular centres to supply the energy needs of the contracting muscles. Mental stressors per se may also influence cardiovascular homeostasis. We investigated the cardiovascular response of trained runners simultaneously engaged in mental and physical tasks to establish if aerobically trained subjects could develop, differently from untrained ones, nervous facilitation in the brain cardiovascular centre. Methods : Cardiovascular responses of 8 male middle-distance runners (MDR), simultaneously engaged in mental (colour-word interference test) and physical (cycle ergometer exercise) tasks, were compared with those of 8 untrained subjects...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Monika Szkultecka-Dębek, Jacek Walczak, Joanna Augustyńska, Katarzyna Miernik, Jarosław Stelmachowski, Izabela Pieniążek, Grzegorz Obrzut, Angelika Pogroszewska, Gabrijela Paulić, Marić Damir, Siniša Antolić, Rok Tavčar, Andra Indrikson, Kaire Aadamsoo, Slobodan Jankovic, Attila J Pulay, József Rimay, Márton Varga, Ivana Sulkova, Petra Veržun
To gather and review data describing the epidemiology of schizophrenia and clinical guidelines for schizophrenia therapy in seven Central and Eastern European countries, with a focus on negative symptoms. Methods : A literature search was conducted which included publications from 1995 to 2012 that were indexed in key databases. Results : Reports of mean annual incidence of schizophrenia varied greatly, from 0.04 to 0.58 per 1,000 population. Lifetime prevalence varied from 0.4% to 1.4%. One study reported that at least one negative symptom was present in 57...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Torsten Norlander, Tommy Nordén
The aim of the present article was to discuss the commentary by van Veldhuizen, Delespaul and Mulder (2015) regarding the review by Nordén and Norlander (2014) based on five empirical articles about Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (FACT). Veldhuizen et al. agree on that there is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of FACT. However, van Veldhuizen et al. avoid a discussion of the lack of positive results despite extensive research during several years and therefore an analysis of why FACT did not fare better is missing...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Vernon Furtado da Silva, Alair Pedro Ribeiro, Veruska Andréa Dos Santos, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Anna Lucia Spear King, Maurício Rocha Calomeni
Introduction : The objective of the study was to make a systematic review of published studies that used the brain stimulation by light and sound as means to optimize brain function and increase the different treatments. Methods : The methods followed the Prisma model for eligibility of studies. Results : Four studies on the systematic review were included 3 experimental studies and 1 case report. Two of these studies were focused in learning and sportive performance, and 2 focused on increasing physical and mental health...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Andrea Norcini Pala, Gabriele Finco, Mario Musu, Maria Francesca Moro
Depression and cerebrovascular atherosclerosis often occur in comorbidity showing neuropsychological impairment and poor response to antidepressant treatment. Objective is to evaluate if new antidepressant vortioxetine may be a potential treatment option. Mechanism of Action : Vortioxetine has 5-HT3, 5-HT7 and 5-HT1D antagonists, 5-HT1B partial agonist and a 5-HT1A agonist and serotonin transporter inhibitor property. Efficacy and safety in Major Depressive Disorders and in cognitive impairment : The majority of trials (one of them in older people) showed efficacy for vortioxetine against placebo and no differences against other active treatments...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
V Bianchini, R Roncone, L Giusti, M Casacchia, M G Cifone, R Pollice
Aim of the study was the assessment of coping strategies, specifically substance use and post-traumatic growth (PTG), in 411 college students two years after 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) was used to assess PTG and one question about substance use (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis) was asked to verify if students had modified their use in the post-earthquake compared with the pre-earthquake period. The 77.1% of college students were exposed to L'Aquila earthquake. The PTGI mean score was 35...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Jihyung Hong, Diego Novick, William Montgomery, Jaume Aguado, Héctor Dueñas, Xiaomei Peng, Josep Maria Haro
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether painful physical symptoms (PPS) can be considered within the spectrum of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data for this post-hoc analysis were taken from a 6-month observational study mostly conducted in East Asia, Mexico, and the Middle East of 1,549 depressed patients without sexual dysfunction at baseline. Both explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) were performed on the combined items of the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report and the Somatic Symptom Inventory (seven pain-related items only)...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Leonardo Caixeta, Renata Teles Vieira, Flávia Paes, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Nuno B F Rocha, Henning Budde, Sergio Machado
To investigate the severity of subcortical atrophy in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) without extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and dementia with EPS. In addition, we aim to verify if there is correlation between demographic and clinical characteristics and subcortical atrophy in the groups. Methodology : The sample was composed of 21 patients with dementia and EPS as well as 19 patients with FTD without EPS. A linear assessment was conducted in order to identify the degree of subcortical atrophy (i.e., bifrontal index - BFI) using MRI...
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Jm Caldas de Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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