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Globalization and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789698/multiple-disparities-in-adult-mortality-in-relation-to-social-and-health-care-perspective-results-from-different-data-sources
#1
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Sambhu Acharaya
BACKGROUND: Disparity in adult mortality (AM) with reference to social dynamics and health care has not been sufficiently examined. This study aimed to identify the gap in the understanding of AM in relation to religion, political stability, economic level, and universal health coverage (UHC). METHODS: A cross-national study was performed with different sources of data, using the administrative record linkage theory. Data was created from the 2013 World Bank data catalogue by region, The Economist (Political instability index 2013), Stuckler David et al...
August 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784144/icts-and-the-challenge-of-health-system-transition-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
Gerald Bloom, Evangelia Berdou, Hilary Standing, Zhilei Guo, Alain Labrique
The aim of this paper is to contribute to debates about how governments and other stakeholders can influence the application of ICTs to increase access to safe, effective and affordable treatment of common illnesses, especially by the poor. First, it argues that the health sector is best conceptualized as a 'knowledge economy'. This supports a broadened view of health service provision that includes formal and informal arrangements for the provision of medical advice and drugs. This is particularly important in countries with a pluralistic health system, with relatively underdeveloped institutional arrangements...
August 7, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774319/policy-experimentation-and-innovation-as-a-response-to-complexity-in-china-s-management-of-health-reforms
#3
REVIEW
Lewis Husain
There are increasing criticisms of dominant models for scaling up health systems in developing countries and a recognition that approaches are needed that better take into account the complexity of health interventions. Since Reform and Opening in the late 1970s, Chinese government has managed complex, rapid and intersecting reforms across many policy areas. As with reforms in other policy areas, reform of the health system has been through a process of trial and error. There is increasing understanding of the importance of policy experimentation and innovation in many of China's reforms; this article argues that these processes have been important in rebuilding China's health system...
August 3, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774315/global-research-trends-in-west-nile-virus-from-1943-to-2016-a-bibliometric-analysis
#4
Samah W Al-Jabi
BACKGROUND: West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging infectious disease which is most commonly transmitted to humans through mosquito, and is considered a major public-health problem worldwide. The aim of the current study is to bibliometrically analyze the quantity and quality of publications indexed in Scopus from different countries to reveal the characteristics of global research output regarding WNV. METHODS: This study is a bibliometric analysis based on the Scopus database...
August 3, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764738/policy-approaches-to-improve-availability-and-affordability-of-medicines-in-mexico-an-example-of-a-middle-income-country
#5
Daniela Moye-Holz, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Hans V Hogerzeil
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends establishing and implementing a national pharmaceutical policy (NPP) to guarantee effective and equitable access to medicines. Mexico has implemented several policy approaches to regulate the pharmaceutical sector, but it has no formal NPP. This article describes the approach that the Mexican government has taken to improve availability and affordability of essential medicines. METHODS: Descriptive policy analysis of public pharmaceutical policy proposals and health action plans on the basis of publicly available data and health progress reports, with a focus on availability and affordability of medicines...
August 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764720/setting-performance-based-financing-in-the-health-sector-agenda-a-case-study-in-cameroon
#6
Isidore Sieleunou, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Jean-Claude Taptué Fotso, Denise Magne Tamga, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Estelle Kouokam, Valery Ridde
BACKGROUND: More than 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced performance-based financing (PBF) in their healthcare systems. Yet, there has been little research on the process by which PBF was put on the national policy agenda in Africa. This study examines the policy process behind the introduction of PBF program in Cameroon. METHODS: The research is an explanatory case study using the Kingdon multiple streams framework. We conducted a document review and 25 interviews with various types of actors involved in the policy process...
August 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756767/beyond-pilotitis-taking-digital-health-interventions-to-the-national-level-in-china-and-uganda
#7
REVIEW
Fei Huang, Sean Blaschke, Henry Lucas
BACKGROUND: Innovation theory has focused on the adoption of new products or services by individuals and their market-driven diffusion to the population at large. However, major health sector innovations typically emerge from negotiations between diverse stakeholders who compete to impose or at least prioritise their preferred version of that innovation. Thus, while many digital health interventions have succeeded in terms of adoption by a substantial number of providers and patients, they have generally failed to gain the level of acceptance required for their integration into national health systems that would promote sustainability and population-wide application...
July 31, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#8
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747196/-if-donors-woke-up-tomorrow-and-said-we-can-t-fund-you-what-would-we-do-a-health-system-dynamics-analysis-of-implementation-of-pmtct-option-b-in-uganda
#9
Tanya Doherty, Donnela Besada, Ameena Goga, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Sarah Rohde, Nika Raphaely
BACKGROUND: In October 2012 Uganda extended its prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) policy to Option B+, providing lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV positive pregnant and breastfeeding women. The rapid changes and adoptions of new PMTCT policies have not been accompanied by health systems research to explore health system preparedness to implement such programmes. The implementation of Option B+ provides many lessons which can inform the shift to 'Universal Test and Treat', a policy which many sub-Saharan African countries are preparing to adopt, despite fragile health systems...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705223/improving-preventive-health-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-care-settings
#10
Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison Laycock, Rosalie Schultz, Christopher P Burgess, David Peiris, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Like other colonised populations, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. Preventable chronic disease is the largest contributor to the health differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, but recommended best-practice preventive care is not consistently provided to Indigenous Australians. Significant improvement in health care delivery could be achieved through identifying and minimising evidence-practice gaps...
July 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693614/-i-cry-every-day-and-night-i-have-my-son-tied-in-chains-physical-restraint-of-people-with-schizophrenia-in-community-settings-in-ethiopia
#11
Laura Asher, Abebaw Fekadu, Solomon Teferra, Mary De Silva, Soumitra Pathare, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: A primary rationale for scaling up mental health services in low and middle-income countries is to address human rights violations, including physical restraint in community settings. The voices of those with intimate experiences of restraint, in particular people with mental illness and their families, are rarely heard. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of, and reasons for, restraint of people with schizophrenia in community settings in rural Ethiopia in order to develop constructive and scalable interventions...
July 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693613/cascading-training-the-trainers-in-ophthalmology-across-eastern-central-and-southern-africa
#12
Melanie C Corbett, Wanjiku Mathenge, Marcia Zondervan, Nick Astbury
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth) and the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern Africa (COECSA) are collaborating to cascade a Training the Trainers (TTT) Programme across the COECSA Region. Within the VISION 2020 Links Programme, it aims to develop a skilled motivated workforce who can deliver high quality eye care. It will train a lead, faculty member and facilitator in 8 countries, who can cascade the programme to local trainers. METHODS: In phase 1 (2013/14) two 3-day courses were run for 16/17 selected delegates, by 3 UK Faculty...
July 10, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676121/developing-nurse-medication-safety-training-in-a-health-partnership-in-mozambique-using-behavioural-science
#13
Eleanor Rose Bull, Corina Mason, Fonseca Domingos Junior, Luana Vendramel Santos, Abigail Scott, Debo Ademokun, Zeferina Simião, Wingi Manzungu Oliver, Fernando Francisco Joaquim, Sarah M Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Globally, safe and effective medication administration relies on nurses being able to apply strong drug calculation skills in their real-life practice, in the face of stressors and distractions. These may be especially prevalent for nurses in low-income countries such as Mozambique and Continuing Professional Development post-registration may be important. This study aimed to 1) explore the initial impact of an international health partnership's work to develop a drug calculation workshop for nurses in Beira, Mozambique and 2) reflect upon the role of health psychologists in helping educators apply behavioural science to the training content and evaluation...
July 4, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668086/the-mis-appropriation-of-hiv-aids-advocacy-strategies-in-global-mental-health-towards-a-more-nuanced-approach
#14
Alison Howell, China Mills, Simon Rushton
BACKGROUND: Mental health is increasingly finding a place on global health and international development agendas. Advocates for Global Mental Health (GMH), and international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank, argue that treatments available in high-income countries should also be made available in low- and middle-income countries. Such arguments are often made by comparing mental health to infectious diseases, including the relative disease and economic burdens they impose, and pointing to the applicability of the right to access treatment for mental health, not only infectious diseases...
July 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666453/beginning-of-a-journey-unraveling-the-mystery-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-aetiology-ckdu-in-sri-lanka
#15
Jacob Kumaresan, Ruwanika Seneviratne
BACKGROUND: Globally, chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) is observed in several areas and among specific ethnic or occupational groups. Given the widespread environmental pollution and the proportions of agriculture workers world-wide, CKDu may be the next global public health issue demanding attention. Recent escalation of CKDu in Sri Lanka has caused a serious public health crisis in the country, made worse by lack of national data. MAIN TEXT: The specific geographic distribution, preponderance among farming population, similar histology findings and absence of usual risk factors for kidney disease indicate undetected nephrotoxic agents playing a role in causation...
June 30, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662709/interval-follow-up-of-a-4-day-pilot-program-to-implement-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist-at-a-congolese-hospital
#16
Michelle C White, Jennifer Peterschmidt, James Callahan, J Edward Fitzgerald, Kristin L Close
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) improves surgical outcomes and the research question is no longer 'does the SSC work?' but, 'how to make the SSC work?' Evidence for implementation strategies in low-income countries is sparse and existing strategies are heavily based on long-term external support. Short but effective implementation programs are required if widespread scale up is to be achieved. We designed and delivered a four-day pilot SSC training course at a single hospital centre in the Republic of Congo, and evaluated the implementation after one year...
June 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662666/erratum-to-ethical-standards-for-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-research-in-emergencies-review-of-literature-and-current-debates
#17
Anna Chiumento, Atif Rahman, Lucy Frith, Leslie Snider, Wietse A Tol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659147/health-as-a-bridge-to-peace-and-trust-in-myanmar-the-21-st-century-panglong-conference
#18
Kun Tang, Yingxi Zhao
The twenty-first Century Panglong Conference, proposed by Aung San Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy, has concluded with unsatisfactory results. This five-day conference attracted global attention and wide endorsements from the United Nations and many other key stakeholders. The broad framework of the peace dialogue included various social and economic issues. However, the implication of the conference on the health system strengthening efforts in ethnic areas was largely unknown. Although a "convergence model" was proposed by organizations in Thai-Myanmar borders as a roadmap for integrations of the national and ethnic health systems years ago, the genuine bottlenecks beneath have not been addressed...
June 28, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655318/harnessing-opportunities-for-good-governance-of-health-impacts-of-mining-projects-in-mongolia-results-of-a-global-partnership
#19
Michaela Pfeiffer, Delgermaa Vanya, Colleen Davison, Oyunaa Lkhagvasuren, Lesley Johnston, Craig R Janes
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals call for the effective governance of shared natural resources in ways that support inclusive growth, safeguard the integrity of the natural and physical environment, and promote health and well-being for all. For large-scale resource extraction projects -- e.g. in the mining sector -- environmental regulations and in particular environmental impact assessments (EIA) provide an important but insufficiently developed avenue to ensure that wider sustainable development issues, such as health, have been considered prior to the permitting of projects...
June 27, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651632/institutionalizing-community-focused-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-strategies-to-strengthen-health-systems-a-new-framework-for-the-sustainable-development-goal-era
#20
William T Story, Karen LeBan, Laura C Altobelli, Bette Gebrian, Jahangir Hossain, Judy Lewis, Melanie Morrow, Jennifer N Nielsen, Alfonso Rosales, Marcie Rubardt, David Shanklin, Jennifer Weiss
BACKGROUND: Stronger health systems, with an emphasis on community-based primary health care, are required to help accelerate the pace of ending preventable maternal and child deaths as well as contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The success of the SDGs will require unprecedented coordination across sectors, including partnerships between public, private, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). To date, little attention has been paid to the distinct ways in which NGOs (both international and local) can partner with existing national government health systems to institutionalize community health strategies...
June 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
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