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Globalization and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#1
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179007/global-research-trends-of-world-health-organization-s-top-eight-emerging-pathogens
#2
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: On December 8(th), 2015, World Health Organization published a priority list of eight pathogens expected to cause severe outbreaks in the near future. To better understand global research trends and characteristics of publications on these emerging pathogens, we carried out this bibliometric study hoping to contribute to global awareness and preparedness toward this topic. METHOD: Scopus database was searched for the following pathogens/infectious diseases: Ebola, Marburg, Lassa, Rift valley, Crimean-Congo, Nipah, Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Respiratory Acute Syndrome (SARS)...
February 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178981/ethical-standards-for-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-research-in-emergencies-review-of-literature-and-current-debates
#3
Anna Chiumento, Atif Rahman, Lucy Frith, Leslie Snider, Wietse A Tol
BACKGROUND: Research in emergencies is needed to understand the prevalence of mental health and psychosocial problems and strengthen the evidence base for interventions. All research - including operational needs assessments, programme monitoring and evaluation, and formal academic research - must be conducted ethically. While there is broad consensus on fundamental principles codified in research ethics guidelines, these do not address the ethical specificities of conducting mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) research with adults in emergencies...
February 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166801/assessing-the-health-impact-of-transnational-corporations-a-case-study-on-mcdonald-s-australia
#4
Julia Anaf, Frances E Baum, Matt Fisher, Elizabeth Harris, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: The practices of transnational corporations affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or influencing the regulatory structures governing their activities. There has been limited research on community exposures to TNC policies and practices. Our pilot research used McDonald's Australia to test methods for assessing the health impacts of one TNC within Australia. METHODS: We adapted existing Health Impact Assessment methods to assess McDonald's activities...
February 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153038/priority-gaps-and-promising-areas-in-maternal-health-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-summary-findings-of-a-mapping-of-2292-publications-between-2000-and-2012
#5
EDITORIAL
Matthew F Chersich, Greg Martin
This commentary sums the findings of a series of papers on a study that mapped the global research agenda for maternal health. The mapping reviewed published interventional research across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 to 2012, specifically focusing on investigating the topics covered by this research, the methodologies applied, the funding landscape and trends in authorship attribution.The overarching aim underpinning the mapping activities was to evaluate whether research and funding align with causes of maternal mortality, and thereby highlight gaps in research priorities and governance...
February 2, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122630/challenges-newly-arrived-migrant-women-in-montreal-face-when-needing-maternity-care-health-care-professionals-perspectives
#6
Sandra Peláez, Kristin N Hendricks, Lisa A Merry, Anita J Gagnon
BACKGROUND: People who leave their country of origin, or the country of habitual residence, to establish themselves permanently in another country are usually referred to as migrants. Over half of all births in Montreal, Canada are to migrant women. To understand healthcare professionals' attitudes towards migrants that could influence their delivery of care, our objective was to explore their perspectives of challenges newly-arrived migrant women from non-Western countries face when needing maternity care...
January 25, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122623/criteria-to-assess-potential-reverse-innovations-opportunities-for-shared-learning-between-high-and-low-income-countries
#7
Onil Bhattacharyya, Diane Wu, Kathryn Mossman, Leigh Hayden, Pavan Gill, Yu-Ling Cheng, Abdallah Daar, Dilip Soman, Christina Synowiec, Andrea Taylor, Joseph Wong, Max von Zedtwitz, Stanley Zlotkin, William Mitchell, Anita McGahan
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are developing novel approaches to healthcare that may be relevant to high-income countries (HICs). These include products, services, organizational processes, or policies that improve access, cost, or efficiency of healthcare. However, given the challenge of replication, it is difficult to identify innovations that could be successfully adapted to high-income settings. We present a set of criteria for evaluating the potential impact of LMIC innovations in HIC settings...
January 25, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086925/partnerships-in-mental-healthcare-service-delivery-in-low-resource-settings-developing-an-innovative-network-in-rural-nepal
#8
Bibhav Acharya, Duncan Maru, Ryan Schwarz, David Citrin, Jasmine Tenpa, Soniya Hirachan, Madhur Basnet, Poshan Thapa, Sikhar Swar, Scott Halliday, Brandon Kohrt, Nagendra P Luitel, Erick Hung, Bikash Gauchan, Rajeev Pokharel, Maria Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Mental illnesses are the largest contributors to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. However, there is extremely limited access to high quality, culturally-sensitive, and contextually-appropriate mental healthcare services. This situation persists despite the availability of interventions with proven efficacy to improve patient outcomes. A partnerships network is necessary for successful program adaptation and implementation. PARTNERSHIPS NETWORK: We describe our partnerships network as a case example that addresses challenges in delivering mental healthcare and which can serve as a model for similar settings...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086914/delivering-hiv-services-in-partnership-factors-affecting-collaborative-working-in-a-south-african-hiv-programme
#9
Geoffrey A Jobson, Cornelis J Grobbelaar, Moyahabo Mabitsi, Jean Railton, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) in delivering health services in low and middle income countries (LMICs) depends on effective collaborative working at scales from the local to the international, and a single GHI is effectively constructed of multiple collaborations. Research is needed focusing on how collaboration functions in GHIs at the level of health service management. Here, collaboration between local implementing agencies and departments of health involves distinct power dynamics and tensions...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049495/the-link-between-the-west-african-ebola-outbreak-and-health-systems-in-guinea-liberia-and-sierra-leone-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Haitham Shoman, Emilie Karafillakis, Salman Rawaf
BACKGROUND: An Ebola outbreak started in December 2013 in Guinea and spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2014. The health systems in place in the three countries lacked the infrastructure and the preparation to respond to the outbreak quickly and the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a public health emergency of international concern on August 8 2014. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health systems' organisation and performance on the West African Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and lessons learned...
January 4, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998293/global-pharmaceutical-regulation-the-challenge-of-integration-for-developing-states
#11
Anthony Pezzola, Cassandra M Sweet
BACKGROUND: This paper has set out to map the state of pharmaceutical regulation in the developing world through the construction of cross-national indices drawing from World Health Organization data. The last two decades have been characterized by deep changes for the pharmaceutical sector, including the complete transformation of intellectual property systems at the behest of the World Trade Organization and the consolidation of global active ingredient suppliers in China and India...
December 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998288/factors-influencing-job-preferences-of-health-workers-providing-obstetric-care-results-from-discrete-choice-experiments-in-malawi-mozambique-and-tanzania
#12
Eilish McAuliffe, Marie Galligan, Paul Revill, Francis Kamwendo, Mohsin Sidat, Honorati Masanja, Helen de Pinho, Edson Araujo
BACKGROUND: Task shifting from established health professionals to mid-level providers (MLPs) (professionals who undergo shorter training in specific procedures) is one key strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal deaths. This has resulted in a growth in cadre types providing obstetric care in low and middle-income countries. Little is known about the relative importance of the different factors in determining motivation and retention amongst these cadres. METHODS: This paper presents findings from large sample (1972 respondents) discrete choice experiments to examine the employment preferences of obstetric care workers across three east African countries...
December 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914471/global-constitutionalism-applied-to-global-health-governance-uncovering-legitimacy-deficits-and-suggesting-remedies
#13
Gorik Ooms, Rachel Hammonds
BACKGROUND: Global constitutionalism is a way of looking at the world, at global rules and how they are made, as if there was a global constitution, empowering global institutions to act as a global government, setting rules which bind all states and people. ANALYSIS: This essay employs global constitutionalism to examine how and why global health governance, as currently structured, has struggled to advance the right to health, a fundamental human rights obligation enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912782/health-systems-strengthening-in-german-development-cooperation-making-the-case-for-a-comprehensive-strategy
#14
REVIEW
Khullat Munir, Ilse Worm
In the aftermath of the Ebola crisis and with renewed attention to resilient health systems, the process of improving approaches of global health actors to health systems strengthening is of great relevance. Despite the increased amount of attention paid to health systems strengthening, there is no standard definition of this concept among global health actors. Germany is no exception. Though there have been recent commitments to increase resources allocated to health systems strengthening, German Development Cooperation has no comprehensive strategy for its pursuit...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912773/china-s-health-assistance-to-africa-opportunism-or-altruism
#15
REVIEW
Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman, Wafaa M El-Sadr
China has made substantial health commitments to Africa in the past several decades. However, while much has been written regarding China-Africa aid overall, relatively little attention has been given to China's health aid. To better understand these investments, we provide an overview of the current framework and characteristics of China's health aid to Africa. China's health assistance has been perceived by some as opportunistic, largely as a demonstration of China's engagement in "soft power" and an attempt to enhance its access to natural resources and political favors by African countries...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912772/food-systems-transformations-ultra-processed-food-markets-and-the-nutrition-transition-in-asia
#16
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: Attracted by their high economic growth rates, young and growing populations, and increasingly open markets, transnational food and beverage corporations (TFBCs) are targeting Asian markets with vigour. Simultaneously the consumption of ultra-processed foods high in fat, salt and glycaemic load is increasing in the region. Evidence demonstrates that TFBCs can leverage their market power to shape food systems in ways that alter the availability, price, nutritional quality, desirability and ultimately consumption of such foods...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#17
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899117/assistive-products-and-the-sustainable-development-goals-sdgs
#18
Emma Tebbutt, Rebecca Brodmann, Johan Borg, Malcolm MacLachlan, Chapal Khasnabis, Robert Horvath
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have placed great emphasis on the need for much greater social inclusion, and on making deliberate efforts to reach marginalized groups. People with disabilities are often marginalized through their lack of access to a range of services and opportunities. Assistive products can help people overcome impairments and barriers enabling them to be active, participating and productive members of society. Assistive products are vital for people with disabilities, frailty and chronic illnesses; and for those with mental health problems, and gradual cognitive and physical decline characteristic of aging populations...
November 29, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884210/characteristics-of-illegal-and-legal-cigarette-packs-sold-in-guatemala
#19
Rodrigo Arevalo, Juan E Corral, Diego Monzon, Mira Yoon, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Guatemala, as a party to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), is required to regulate cigarette packaging and labeling and eliminate illicit tobacco trade. Current packaging and labeling characteristics (of legal and illegal cigarettes) and their compliance with the FCTC is unknown. METHODS: We sought to analyze package and label characteristics of illegal and legal cigarettes sold in Guatemala. We visited the 22 largest traditional markets in the country to purchase illegal cigarettes...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884199/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-malaria-vector-resistance-1996-2015
#20
Waleed M Sweileh, Ansam F Sawalha, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Naser Y Shraim, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Emergence of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a real threat to future goals of elimination and control of malaria. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess research trend on insecticide resistance of Anopheles mosquito. In specific, number of publications, countries, institutions, and authors' research profile, citation analysis, international collaborations, and impact of journals publishing documents on insecticide resistance will be presented. It was conducted via Scopus search engine which was used to retrieve relevant data...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
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