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Globalization and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086925/partnerships-in-mental-healthcare-service-delivery-in-low-resource-settings-developing-an-innovative-network-in-rural-nepal
#1
Bibhav Acharya, Duncan Maru, Ryan Schwarz, David Citrin, Jasmine Tenpa, Soniya Hirachan, Madhur Basnet, Poshan Thapa, Sikhar Swar, Scott Halliday, Brandon Kohrt, Nagendra P Luitel, Erick Hung, Bikash Gauchan, Rajeev Pokharel, Maria Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Mental illnesses are the largest contributors to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. However, there is extremely limited access to high quality, culturally-sensitive, and contextually-appropriate mental healthcare services. This situation persists despite the availability of interventions with proven efficacy to improve patient outcomes. A partnerships network is necessary for successful program adaptation and implementation. PARTNERSHIPS NETWORK: We describe our partnerships network as a case example that addresses challenges in delivering mental healthcare and which can serve as a model for similar settings...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086914/delivering-hiv-services-in-partnership-factors-affecting-collaborative-working-in-a-south-african-hiv-programme
#2
Geoffrey A Jobson, Cornelis J Grobbelaar, Moyahabo Mabitsi, Jean Railton, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) in delivering health services in low and middle income countries (LMICs) depends on effective collaborative working at scales from the local to the international, and a single GHI is effectively constructed of multiple collaborations. Research is needed focusing on how collaboration functions in GHIs at the level of health service management. Here, collaboration between local implementing agencies and departments of health involves distinct power dynamics and tensions...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049495/the-link-between-the-west-african-ebola-outbreak-and-health-systems-in-guinea-liberia-and-sierra-leone-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Haitham Shoman, Emilie Karafillakis, Salman Rawaf
BACKGROUND: An Ebola outbreak started in December 2013 in Guinea and spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2014. The health systems in place in the three countries lacked the infrastructure and the preparation to respond to the outbreak quickly and the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a public health emergency of international concern on August 8 2014. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health systems' organisation and performance on the West African Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and lessons learned...
January 4, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998293/global-pharmaceutical-regulation-the-challenge-of-integration-for-developing-states
#4
Anthony Pezzola, Cassandra M Sweet
BACKGROUND: This paper has set out to map the state of pharmaceutical regulation in the developing world through the construction of cross-national indices drawing from World Health Organization data. The last two decades have been characterized by deep changes for the pharmaceutical sector, including the complete transformation of intellectual property systems at the behest of the World Trade Organization and the consolidation of global active ingredient suppliers in China and India...
December 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998288/factors-influencing-job-preferences-of-health-workers-providing-obstetric-care-results-from-discrete-choice-experiments-in-malawi-mozambique-and-tanzania
#5
Eilish McAuliffe, Marie Galligan, Paul Revill, Francis Kamwendo, Mohsin Sidat, Honorati Masanja, Helen de Pinho, Edson Araujo
BACKGROUND: Task shifting from established health professionals to mid-level providers (MLPs) (professionals who undergo shorter training in specific procedures) is one key strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal deaths. This has resulted in a growth in cadre types providing obstetric care in low and middle-income countries. Little is known about the relative importance of the different factors in determining motivation and retention amongst these cadres. METHODS: This paper presents findings from large sample (1972 respondents) discrete choice experiments to examine the employment preferences of obstetric care workers across three east African countries...
December 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914471/global-constitutionalism-applied-to-global-health-governance-uncovering-legitimacy-deficits-and-suggesting-remedies
#6
Gorik Ooms, Rachel Hammonds
BACKGROUND: Global constitutionalism is a way of looking at the world, at global rules and how they are made, as if there was a global constitution, empowering global institutions to act as a global government, setting rules which bind all states and people. ANALYSIS: This essay employs global constitutionalism to examine how and why global health governance, as currently structured, has struggled to advance the right to health, a fundamental human rights obligation enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912782/health-systems-strengthening-in-german-development-cooperation-making-the-case-for-a-comprehensive-strategy
#7
REVIEW
Khullat Munir, Ilse Worm
In the aftermath of the Ebola crisis and with renewed attention to resilient health systems, the process of improving approaches of global health actors to health systems strengthening is of great relevance. Despite the increased amount of attention paid to health systems strengthening, there is no standard definition of this concept among global health actors. Germany is no exception. Though there have been recent commitments to increase resources allocated to health systems strengthening, German Development Cooperation has no comprehensive strategy for its pursuit...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912773/china-s-health-assistance-to-africa-opportunism-or-altruism
#8
REVIEW
Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman, Wafaa M El-Sadr
China has made substantial health commitments to Africa in the past several decades. However, while much has been written regarding China-Africa aid overall, relatively little attention has been given to China's health aid. To better understand these investments, we provide an overview of the current framework and characteristics of China's health aid to Africa. China's health assistance has been perceived by some as opportunistic, largely as a demonstration of China's engagement in "soft power" and an attempt to enhance its access to natural resources and political favors by African countries...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912772/food-systems-transformations-ultra-processed-food-markets-and-the-nutrition-transition-in-asia
#9
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: Attracted by their high economic growth rates, young and growing populations, and increasingly open markets, transnational food and beverage corporations (TFBCs) are targeting Asian markets with vigour. Simultaneously the consumption of ultra-processed foods high in fat, salt and glycaemic load is increasing in the region. Evidence demonstrates that TFBCs can leverage their market power to shape food systems in ways that alter the availability, price, nutritional quality, desirability and ultimately consumption of such foods...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#10
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899117/assistive-products-and-the-sustainable-development-goals-sdgs
#11
Emma Tebbutt, Rebecca Brodmann, Johan Borg, Malcolm MacLachlan, Chapal Khasnabis, Robert Horvath
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have placed great emphasis on the need for much greater social inclusion, and on making deliberate efforts to reach marginalized groups. People with disabilities are often marginalized through their lack of access to a range of services and opportunities. Assistive products can help people overcome impairments and barriers enabling them to be active, participating and productive members of society. Assistive products are vital for people with disabilities, frailty and chronic illnesses; and for those with mental health problems, and gradual cognitive and physical decline characteristic of aging populations...
November 29, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884210/characteristics-of-illegal-and-legal-cigarette-packs-sold-in-guatemala
#12
Rodrigo Arevalo, Juan E Corral, Diego Monzon, Mira Yoon, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Guatemala, as a party to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), is required to regulate cigarette packaging and labeling and eliminate illicit tobacco trade. Current packaging and labeling characteristics (of legal and illegal cigarettes) and their compliance with the FCTC is unknown. METHODS: We sought to analyze package and label characteristics of illegal and legal cigarettes sold in Guatemala. We visited the 22 largest traditional markets in the country to purchase illegal cigarettes...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884199/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-malaria-vector-resistance-1996-2015
#13
Waleed M Sweileh, Ansam F Sawalha, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Naser Y Shraim, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Emergence of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a real threat to future goals of elimination and control of malaria. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess research trend on insecticide resistance of Anopheles mosquito. In specific, number of publications, countries, institutions, and authors' research profile, citation analysis, international collaborations, and impact of journals publishing documents on insecticide resistance will be presented. It was conducted via Scopus search engine which was used to retrieve relevant data...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884185/the-inescapable-question-of-fairness-in-pay-for-performance-bonus-distribution-a-qualitative-study-of-health-workers-experiences-in-tanzania
#14
Victor Chimhutu, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Marit Tjomsland, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there has been a growing concern about the lack of results in the health sectors of many low income countries. Progress has been particularly slow in maternal- and child health. Prompted by the need to accelerate progress towards these health outcomes, pay-for- performance (P4P) schemes have been initiated in a number of countries. This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of health workers with P4P bonus distribution in the health system context of rural Tanzania...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884162/-the-stars-seem-aligned-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-the-effects-of-context-on-scale-up-of-maternal-and-newborn-health-innovations-in-ethiopia-india-and-nigeria
#15
Neil Spicer, Della Berhanu, Dipankar Bhattacharya, Ritgak Dimka Tilley-Gyado, Meenakshi Gautham, Joanna Schellenberg, Addis Tamire-Woldemariam, Nasir Umar, Deepthi Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Donors commonly fund innovative interventions to improve health in the hope that governments of low and middle-income countries will scale-up those that are shown to be effective. Yet innovations can be slow to be adopted by country governments and implemented at scale. Our study explores this problem by identifying key contextual factors influencing scale-up of maternal and newborn health innovations in three low-income settings: Ethiopia, the six states of northeast Nigeria and Uttar Pradesh state in India...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871327/ebola-zika-and-the-international-health-regulations-implications-for-port-health-preparedness
#16
R W Glynn, M Boland
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa in 2014-2015 was unprecedented in terms of its scale and consequence.  This, together with the emergence of Zika virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2016, has again highlighted the potential for disease to spread across international borders and provided an impetus for countries to review their Port Health preparedness. This report reviews the legislative framework and actions taken under this framework in advancing and improving Port Health preparedness in Ireland, in response to the declaration of the Public Health Emergency of International Concern for Ebola Virus Disease in August 2014...
November 21, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#17
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846910/an-assessment-of-the-barriers-to-accessing-the-basic-package-of-health-services-bphs-in-afghanistan-was-the-bphs-a-success
#18
REVIEW
Alexandra Frost, Matthew Wilkinson, Peter Boyle, Preeti Patel, Richard Sullivan
Afghanistan is one of the most fragile and conflict-affected countries in the world. It has experienced almost uninterrupted conflict for the last thirty years, with the present conflict now lasting over a decade. With no history of a functioning healthcare system, the creation of the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) in 2003 was a response to Afghanistan's dire health needs following decades of war. Its objective was to provide a bare minimum of essential health services, which could be scaled up rapidly through contracting mechanisms with Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)...
November 15, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846857/uptake-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-kenya-testing-the-health-belief-model-through-pathway-modeling-on-cohort-data
#19
Heleen Vermandere, Marie-Anne van Stam, Violet Naanyu, Kristien Michielsen, Olivier Degomme, Frans Oort
BACKGROUND: Many studies investigate HPV vaccine acceptability, applying health behavior theories to identify determinants; few include real uptake, the final variable of interest. This study investigated the utility of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in predicting HPV vaccine uptake in Kenya, focusing on the importance of promotion, probing willingness to vaccinate as precursor of uptake and exploring the added value of personal characteristics. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected before and after a pilot HPV vaccination program in Eldoret among mothers of eligible girls (N = 255)...
November 15, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816061/political-economy-challenges-in-nutrition
#20
Yarlini Balarajan, Michael R Reich
BACKGROUND: Historically, implementing nutrition policy has confronted persistent obstacles, with many of these obstacles arising from political economy sources. While there has been increased global policy attention to improving nutrition in recent years, the difficulty of translating this policy momentum into results remains. DISCUSSION: We present key political economy themes emanating from the political economy of nutrition literature. Together, these interrelated themes create a complex web of obstacles to moving nutrition policy forward...
November 5, 2016: Globalization and Health
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