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Globalization and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923096/maternal-health-research-outputs-and-gaps-in-latin-america-reflections-from-the-mapping-study
#1
Emily Vargas-Riaño, Víctor Becerril-Montekio, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Mario Tristán
As part of the MASCOT/WOTRO multinational team conducting the maternal health literature mapping, four Latin American researchers were particularly interested in analysing information specific to their region. The mapping started with 45,959 papers uploaded from MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, LILACAS, PopLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge. From these, 4175 full texts were reviewed and 2295 papers were subsequently included. Latin America experienced an average maternal mortality decline of 40% between 1990 and 2013...
September 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903757/access-to-medicines-and-hepatitis-c-in-africa-can-tiered-pricing-and-voluntary-licencing-assure-universal-access-health-equity-and-fairness
#2
Yibeltal Assefa, Peter S Hill, Anar Ulikpan, Owain D Williams
BACKGROUND: The recent introduction of Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) for treating Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) can significantly assist in the world reaching the international target of elimination by 2030. Yet, the challenge facing many individuals and countries today lies with their ability to access these treatments due to their relatively high prices. Gilead Sciences applies differential pricing and licensing strategies arguing that this provides fairer and more equitable access to these life-saving medicines...
September 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899415/the-experiences-of-caregivers-of-children-living-with-hiv-and-aids-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#3
Joseph Osafo, Birthe Loa Knizek, James Mugisha, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Home-based care for HIV patients is popular in contexts severely affected by the epidemic and exacts a heavy toll on caregivers. This study aimed at understanding the experiences of caregivers and their survival strategies. METHODS: A total of 18 caregivers (3 males and 15 females) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide, and thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Analysis suggests that the caregivers are burdened with insecure provisions for food and difficulties in accessing health care...
September 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#4
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882188/unifying-a-fragmented-effort-a-qualitative-framework-for-improving-international-surgical-teaching-collaborations
#5
Parisa Nicole Fallah, Mark Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Access to adequate surgical care is limited globally, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this issue, surgeons are becoming increasingly involved in international surgical teaching collaborations (ISTCs), which include educational partnerships between surgical teams in high-income countries and those in LMICs. The purpose of this study is to determine a framework for unifying, systematizing, and improving the quality of ISTCs so that they can better address the global surgical need...
September 7, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870225/implementation-framework-for-chronic-disease-intervention-effectiveness-in-m%C3%A4-ori-and-other-indigenous-communities
#6
John Oetzel, Nina Scott, Maui Hudson, Bridgette Masters-Awatere, Moana Rarere, Jeff Foote, Angela Beaton, Terry Ehau
BACKGROUND: About 40% of all health burden in New Zealand is due to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes/obesity. Outcomes for Māori (indigenous people) are significantly worse than non-Maori; these inequities mirror those found in indigenous communities elsewhere. Evidence-based interventions with established efficacy may not be effective in indigenous communities without addressing specific implementation challenges. We present an implementation framework for interventions to prevent and treat chronic conditions for Māori and other indigenous communities...
September 5, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851382/a-realist-synthesis-of-cross-border-patient-movement-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-to-similar-or-higher-income-countries
#7
REVIEW
Jo Durham, Sarah J Blondell
Patient travel across borders to access healthcare is becoming increasingly common and widespread. Patients moving from high income to middle income countries for healthcare is well documented, with patients seeking treatments that are cheaper or more readily available than at home. Less well understood is when patients move from one low income country to another or from a low income country to a higher income country. In this paper, a realist review was undertaken to explore why, in what contexts and how patients from lower income countries travel to countries with the same, or more advanced, economies for planned healthcare...
August 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847312/associations-between-bride-price-stress-and-intimate-partner-violence-amongst-pregnant-women-in-timor-leste
#8
Susan Rees, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Elisa Soares, Natalino Tam, Zelia da Costa, Wietse Tol, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: Reducing violence against women is a global public health priority, particularly in low-income and conflict-affected societies. However, more needs to be known about the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) in these settings, including the stress of bride price obligations. METHODS: The representative study of women attending ante-natal clinics in Dili, Timor-Leste was conducted between June, 2013 and September, 2014 with 1672 pregnant women, a response rate of 96%...
August 28, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847310/a-study-on-satisfaction-with-publicly-financed-health-services-in-china
#9
Shaoguo Zhai, Pei Wang, Anli Wang, Quanfang Dong, Jiaoli Cai, Peter C Coyte
BACKGROUND: With implementation of Chinese universal healthcare, the performance of urban and rural residents' healthcare and the degree of satisfaction with publicly financed health services have become a hot issue in assessing health reforms in China. An evaluation model of health services in community and evaluation indexes of health-system performance have been put forward in related researches. This study examines variation in satisfaction with publicly financed health services among urban and rural residents in five Chinese cities and assesses their determinants...
August 28, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835255/association-of-experienced-and-evaluative-well-being-with-health-in-nine-countries-with-different-income-levels-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Marta Miret, Francisco Félix Caballero, Beatriz Olaya, Seppo Koskinen, Nirmala Naidoo, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Matilde Leonardi, Josep Maria Haro, Somnath Chatterji, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
BACKGROUND: It is important to know whether the relationships between experienced and evaluative well-being and health are consistent across countries with different income levels. This would allow to confirm whether the evidence found in high income countries is the same as in low- and middle-income countries and to suggest policy recommendations that are generalisable across countries. We assessed the association of well-being with health status; analysed the differential relationship that positive affect, negative affect, and evaluative well-being have with health status; and examined whether these relationships are similar across countries...
August 23, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830540/mapping-mhealth-mobile-health-and-mobile-penetrations-in-sub-saharan-africa-for-strategic-regional-collaboration-in-mhealth-scale-up-an-application-of-exploratory-spatial-data-analysis
#11
Seohyun Lee, Yoon-Min Cho, Sun-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth), a term used for healthcare delivery via mobile devices, has gained attention as an innovative technology for better access to healthcare and support for performance of health workers in the global health context. Despite large expansion of mHealth across sub-Saharan Africa, regional collaboration for scale-up has not made progress since last decade. METHODS: As a groundwork for strategic planning for regional collaboration, the study attempted to identify spatial patterns of mHealth implementation in sub-Saharan Africa using an exploratory spatial data analysis...
August 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830500/trade-in-medicines-and%C3%A2-the-public-s-health-a-time-series-analysis-of-import-disruptions-during-the-2015-india-nepal-border-blockade
#12
Abhishek Sharma, Shiva Raj Mishra, Warren A Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Nepal was struck by devastating earthquakes in April-May 2015, followed by the India-Nepal border blockade later that year. METHODS: We used the United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics (UN Comtrade) database to analyse exports of various health commodities from India to Nepal from January 2011-September 2016. We used time-series regressions of trading volume vs. unit price to ask how well Nepal's trading history with India prior to the earthquake and blockade was able to predict unit prices of health commodities imported into Nepal during and after the earthquake and the blockade...
August 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830489/the-role-of-south-north-partnerships-in-promoting-shared-learning-and-knowledge-transfer
#13
Lopa Basu, Peter Pronovost, Nancy Edwards Molello, Shamsuzzoha B Syed, Albert W Wu
While it is clear that hospitals in developing countries need to improve quality of health services and improve patient safety, hospitals in high resource countries need to do the same. Most often the focus on improvement through institutional health partnerships involves hospital teams from high resource settings attempting to aid and teach hospital staff in low resource settings, particularly in Africa. However these efforts to provide assistance may be more satisfying and sustainable if we understand that partnership learning is bi-directional whereby hospital teams from high resource settings also benefit...
August 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830481/merger-mania-mergers-and-acquisitions-in-the-generic-drug-sector-from-1995-to-2016
#14
Marc-André Gagnon, Karena D Volesky
BACKGROUND: Drug shortages and increasing generic drug prices are associated with low levels of competition. Mergers and acquisitions impact the level of competition. Record merger and acquisition activity was reported for the pharmaceutical sector in 2014/15, yet information on mergers and acquisitions in the generic drug sector are absent from the literature. This information is necessary to understand if and how such mergers and acquisitions can be a factor in drug shortages and increasing prices...
August 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826409/erratum-to-setting-performance-based-financing-in-the-health-sector-agenda-a-case-study-in-cameroon
#15
Isidore Sieleunou, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Jean-Claude Taptué Fotso, Denise Magne Tamga, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Estelle Kouokam, Valery Ridde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821280/methods-for-medical-device-and-equipment-procurement-and-prioritization-within-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-of-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Karin Diaconu, Yen-Fu Chen, Carole Cummins, Gabriela Jimenez Moyao, Semira Manaseki-Holland, Richard Lilford
BACKGROUND: Forty to 70 % of medical devices and equipment in low- and middle-income countries are broken, unused or unfit for purpose; this impairs service delivery to patients and results in lost resources. Undiscerning procurement processes are at the heart of this issue. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to August 2013 with no time or language restrictions to identify what product selection or prioritization methods are recommended or used for medical device and equipment procurement planning within low- and middle-income countries...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821275/socio-ecological-perspective-of-older-age-life-expectancy-income-gender-inequality-and-financial-crisis-in-europe
#17
Jong In Kim, Gukbin Kim
BACKGROUND: Population is aging rapidly in Europe. Older age life expectancy (OLE) can be influenced by country-level depth of credit information (DCI) as an indicator of financial crisis, gross national income (GNI) per capita, and gender inequality index (GII). These factors are key indicators of socio-ecological inequality. They can be used to develop strategies to reduce country-level health disparity. The objective of this study was to confirm the relationship between socio-ecological factors and OLE in Europe...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789698/multiple-disparities-in-adult-mortality-in-relation-to-social-and-health-care-perspective-results-from-different-data-sources
#18
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Sambhu Acharaya
BACKGROUND: Disparity in adult mortality (AM) with reference to social dynamics and health care has not been sufficiently examined. This study aimed to identify the gap in the understanding of AM in relation to religion, political stability, economic level, and universal health coverage (UHC). METHODS: A cross-national study was performed with different sources of data, using the administrative record linkage theory. Data was created from the 2013 World Bank data catalogue by region, The Economist (Political instability index 2013), Stuckler David et al...
August 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784144/icts-and-the-challenge-of-health-system-transition-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
REVIEW
Gerald Bloom, Evangelia Berdou, Hilary Standing, Zhilei Guo, Alain Labrique
The aim of this paper is to contribute to debates about how governments and other stakeholders can influence the application of ICTs to increase access to safe, effective and affordable treatment of common illnesses, especially by the poor. First, it argues that the health sector is best conceptualized as a 'knowledge economy'. This supports a broadened view of health service provision that includes formal and informal arrangements for the provision of medical advice and drugs. This is particularly important in countries with a pluralistic health system, with relatively underdeveloped institutional arrangements...
August 7, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774319/policy-experimentation-and-innovation-as-a-response-to-complexity-in-china-s-management-of-health-reforms
#20
REVIEW
Lewis Husain
There are increasing criticisms of dominant models for scaling up health systems in developing countries and a recognition that approaches are needed that better take into account the complexity of health interventions. Since Reform and Opening in the late 1970s, Chinese government has managed complex, rapid and intersecting reforms across many policy areas. As with reforms in other policy areas, reform of the health system has been through a process of trial and error. There is increasing understanding of the importance of policy experimentation and innovation in many of China's reforms; this article argues that these processes have been important in rebuilding China's health system...
August 3, 2017: Globalization and Health
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