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Globalization and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532502/perceived-reciprocal-value-of-health-professionals-participation-in-global-child-health-related-work
#1
Sarah Carbone, Jannah Wigle, Nadia Akseer, Raluca Barac, Melanie Barwick, Stanley Zlotkin
BACKGROUND: Leading children's hospitals in high-income settings have become heavily engaged in international child health research and educational activities. These programs aim to provide benefit to the institutions, children and families in the overseas locations where they are implemented. Few studies have measured the actual reciprocal value of this work for the home institutions and for individual staff who participate in these overseas activities. Our objective was to estimate the perceived reciprocal value of health professionals' participation in global child health-related work...
May 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494775/gender-blind-an-analysis-of-global-public-private-partnerships-for-health
#2
Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse, Anuj Kapilashrami
BACKGROUND: The Global Public Private Partnerships for Health (GPPPH) constitute an increasingly central part of the global health architecture and carry both financial and normative power. Gender is an important determinant of health status, influencing differences in exposure to health determinants, health behaviours, and the response of the health system. We identified 18 GPPPH - defined as global institutions with a formal governance mechanism which includes both public and private for-profit sector actors - and conducted a gender analysis of each...
May 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420405/do-international-health-partnerships-contribute-to-reverse-innovation-a-mixed-methods-study-of-thet-supported-partnerships-in-the-uk
#3
Kavian Kulasabanathan, Hamdi Issa, Yasser Bhatti, Matthew Prime, Jacqueline Del Castillo, Ara Darzi, Matthew Harris
BACKGROUND: International health partnerships (IHPs) are changing, with an increased emphasis on mutual accountability and joint agenda setting for both the high- and the low- or middle-income country (LMIC) partners. There is now an important focus on the bi-directionality of learning however for the UK partners, this typically focuses on learning at the individual level, through personal and professional development. We sought to evaluate whether this learning also takes the shape of 'Reverse Innovation' -when an idea conceived in a low-income country is subsequently adopted in a higher-income country...
April 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403871/a-systematic-tale-of-two-differing-reviews-evaluating-the-evidence-on-public-and-private-sector-quality-of-primary-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Jorge Coarasa, Jishnu Das, Elizabeth Gummerson, Asaf Bitton
Systematic reviews are powerful tools for summarizing vast amounts of data in controversial areas; but their utility is limited by methodological choices and assumptions. Two systematic reviews of literature on the quality of private sector primary care in low and middle income countries (LMIC), published in the same journal within a year, reached conflicting conclusions. The difference in findings reflects different review methodologies, but more importantly, a weak underlying body of literature. A detailed examination of the literature cited in both reviews shows that only one of the underlying studies met the gold standard for methodological robustness...
April 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356119/erratum-to-cross-border-movement-of-older-patients-a-descriptive-study-on-health-service-use-of-japanese-retirees-in-thailand
#5
Yumiko Miyashita, Chutima Akaleephan, Nima Asgari-Jirhandeh, Channarong Sungyuth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340619/operational-and-implementation-research-within-global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria-grants-a-situation-analysis-in-six-countries
#6
Sabine Kiefer, Astrid M Knoblauch, Peter Steinmann, Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Mahnaz Vahedi, Dermot Maher, Jürg Utzinger, Kaspar Wyss
BACKGROUND: Operational/implementation research (OR/IR) is a key activity to improve disease control programme performance. We assessed the extent to which malaria and tuberculosis (TB) grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ("Global Fund") include support for OR/IR, and discuss the implications of the current Global Fund operating mechanisms for OR/IR support. METHODS: The situation analysis focussed on malaria and TB, while HIV was excluded...
March 24, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340579/obstacles-and-opportunities-in-chinese-pharmaceutical-innovation
#7
Jingyun Ni, Junrui Zhao, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Yuanjia Hu, Hao Hu, Yitao Wang
BACKGROUND: Global healthcare innovation networks nowadays have expanded beyond developed countries with many developing countries joining the force and becoming important players. China, in particular, has seen a significant increase in the number of innovative firms and research organizations stepping up to the global network in recent years. Nevertheless, the intense Research and Development input has not brought about the expectable output. While China is ascending at a great speed to a leading position worldwide in terms of Research and Development investment, scientific publications and patents, the innovation capabilities in the pharmaceutical sector remain weak...
March 24, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335786/matching-safety-to-access-global-actors-and-pharmacogovernance-in-kenya-a-case-study
#8
Kathy Moscou, Jillian C Kohler
BACKGROUND: The Kenyan government has sought to address inadequacies in its National Pharmaceutical Policy and the Pharmacy and Poisons Board's (PPB) medicines governance by engaging with global actors (e.g. the World Health Organization). Policy actors have influenced the way pharmacovigilance is defined, how challenges are understood and which norms are requisite to address drug safety issues. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between specific modes of engagement among global (exogenous) and domestic actors at the national and sub-national level to identify the positive or negative effect on pharmacovigilance and pharmacogovernance in Kenya...
March 23, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327154/the-effect-of-social-behavior-change-communication-package-on-maternal-knowledge-in-obstetric-danger-signs-among-mothers-in-east-mamprusi-district-of-ghana
#9
Mahama Saaka, Paul Aryee, Robert Kuganab-Lem, Mohammed Ali, Abdul Razak Masahudu
BACKGROUND: An understanding of maternal knowledge of the danger signs of obstetric and newborn complications is fundamental to attaining universal health coverage. In Northern Ghana, where maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is high, little is known about the current knowledge level and associated determinants of these danger signs. This study assessed the effect of social behavior change communication (SBCC) package on knowledge of obstetric and newborn danger signs among mothers with children under 24 months of age...
March 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320427/the-role-of-unhealthy-lifestyles-in-the-incidence-and-persistence-of-depression-a-longitudinal-general-population-study-in-four-emerging-countries
#10
Maria Cabello, Marta Miret, Francisco Felix Caballero, Somnath Chatterji, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal, Catherine D'Este, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles and depression are highly interrelated: depression might elicit and exacerbate unhealthy lifestyles and people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to become depressed over time. However, few longitudinal evidence of these relationships has been collected in emerging countries. The present study aims i) to analyse whether people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to develop depression, and ii) to examine whether depressed people with unhealthy lifestyles are more likely to remain depressed...
March 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298233/developing-consensus-measures-for-global-programs-lessons-from-the-global-alliance-for-chronic-diseases-hypertension-research-program
#11
Michaela A Riddell, Nancy Edwards, Simon R Thompson, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Devarsetty Praveen, Claire Johnson, Andre P Kengne, Peter Liu, Tara McCready, Eleanor Ng, Robby Nieuwlaat, Bruce Ovbiagele, Mayowa Owolabi, David Peiris, Amanda G Thrift, Sheldon Tobe, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND: The imperative to improve global health has prompted transnational research partnerships to investigate common health issues on a larger scale. The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD) is an alliance of national research funding agencies. To enhance research funded by GACD members, this study aimed to standardise data collection methods across the 15 GACD hypertension research teams and evaluate the uptake of these standardised measurements. Furthermore we describe concerns and difficulties associated with the data harmonisation process highlighted and debated during annual meetings of the GACD funded investigators...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298226/addressing-the-double-burden-of-diabetes-and-tuberculosis-lessons-from-kyrgyzstan
#12
Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Jeff Round, Matthias Arnold, Aida Abdraimova, Baktygul Akkazieva, David Beran
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes and tuberculosis co-morbidity is rising, yet little work has been done to understand potential implications for health systems, healthcare providers and individuals. Kyrgyzstan is a priority country for tuberculosis control and has a 5% prevalence of diabetes in adults, with many health system challenges for both conditions. METHODS: Patient exit interviews collected data on demographic and socio-economic characteristics, health spending and care seeking for people with diabetes, tuberculosis and both diabetes and tuberculosis...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298223/migration-to-middle-income-countries-and-tuberculosis-global-policies-for-global-economies
#13
Julia Moreira Pescarini, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, M Gabriela M Gomes, Eliseu Alves Waldman
BACKGROUND: International migration to middle-income countries is increasing and its health consequences, in particular increasing transmission rates of tuberculosis (TB), deserve consideration. Migration and TB are a matter of concern in high-income countries and targeted screening of migrants for active and latent TB infection is a main strategy to manage risk and minimize transmission. In this paper, we discuss some aspects of TB control and migration in the context of middle-income countries, together with the prospect of responding with equitable and comprehensive policies...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274267/controlling-corporate-influence-in-health-policy-making-an-assessment-of-the-implementation-of-article-5-3-of-the-world-health-organization-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control
#14
Gary Jonas Fooks, Julia Smith, Kelley Lee, Chris Holden
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) stands to significantly reduce tobacco-related mortality by accelerating the introduction of evidence-based tobacco control measures. However, the extent to which States Parties have implemented the Convention varies considerably. Article 5.3 of the FCTC, is intended to insulate policy-making from the tobacco industry's political influence, and aims to address barriers to strong implementation of the Convention associated with tobacco industry political activity...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274263/cross-border-movement-of-older-patients-a-descriptive-study-on-health-service-use-of-japanese-retirees-in-thailand
#15
Yumiko Miyashita, Chutima Akaleephan, Nima Asgari-Jirhandeh, Channarong Sungyuth
BACKGROUND: Thailand's policy to promote long-stay tourism encourages Japanese retirees to relocate to Thailand. One concern of such an influx is the impact of these elderly foreign residents on the Thai health system. This study aims to reveal the current use of and needs for health services amongst Japanese retirees residing in various locations in Thailand. METHODS: In collaboration with nine Japanese self-help clubs in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, and Phuket, questionnaire surveys of Japanese long-stay retirees were conducted from January to March 2015...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274238/the-health-impact-of-trade-and-investment-agreements-a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-network-co-citation-analysis
#16
Pepita Barlow, Martin McKee, Sanjay Basu, David Stuckler
BACKGROUND: Regional trade agreements are major international policy instruments that shape macro-economic and political systems. There is widespread debate as to whether and how these agreements pose risks to public health. Here we perform a comprehensive systematic review of quantitative studies of the health impact of trade and investment agreements. We identified studies from searches in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Global Health Online. Research articles were eligible for inclusion if they were quantitative studies of the health impacts of trade and investment agreements or policy...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249611/intervention-mapping-to-address-social-and-economic-factors-impacting-indigenous-people-s-health-in-suriname-s-interior-region
#17
Daniel Peplow, Sarah Augustine
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that while internationally financed economic development projects reduced poverty when measured in terms of per capita GDP, they also caused indigenous people to become disassociated, impoverished and alienated minorities whose health status has declined to unacceptable lows when measured in terms of mercury poisoning and the burgeoning rate of suicide. In this study, we developed a needs assessment and a policy-oriented causal diagram to determine whether the impaired health of the people in this region was at least partially due to the role the country has played within the global economy...
March 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#18
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179007/global-research-trends-of-world-health-organization-s-top-eight-emerging-pathogens
#19
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: On December 8(th), 2015, World Health Organization published a priority list of eight pathogens expected to cause severe outbreaks in the near future. To better understand global research trends and characteristics of publications on these emerging pathogens, we carried out this bibliometric study hoping to contribute to global awareness and preparedness toward this topic. METHOD: Scopus database was searched for the following pathogens/infectious diseases: Ebola, Marburg, Lassa, Rift valley, Crimean-Congo, Nipah, Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Respiratory Acute Syndrome (SARS)...
February 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178981/ethical-standards-for-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-research-in-emergencies-review-of-literature-and-current-debates
#20
Anna Chiumento, Atif Rahman, Lucy Frith, Leslie Snider, Wietse A Tol
BACKGROUND: Research in emergencies is needed to understand the prevalence of mental health and psychosocial problems and strengthen the evidence base for interventions. All research - including operational needs assessments, programme monitoring and evaluation, and formal academic research - must be conducted ethically. While there is broad consensus on fundamental principles codified in research ethics guidelines, these do not address the ethical specificities of conducting mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) research with adults in emergencies...
February 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
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