journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Globalization and Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347986/untapped-aspects-of-mass-media-campaigns-for-changing-health-behaviour-towards-non-communicable-diseases-in-bangladesh
#1
Reshman Tabassum, Guenter Froeschl, Jonas P Cruz, Paolo C Colet, Sukhen Dey, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam
In recent years, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become epidemic in Bangladesh. Behaviour changing interventions are key to prevention and management of NCDs. A great majority of people in Bangladesh have low health literacy, are less receptive to health information, and are unlikely to embrace positive health behaviours. Mass media campaigns can play a pivotal role in changing health behaviours of the population. This review pinpoints the role of mass media campaigns for NCDs and the challenges along it, whilst stressing on NCD preventive programmes (with the examples from different countries) to change health behaviours in Bangladesh...
January 18, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338793/the-institutional-context-of-tobacco-production-in-zambia
#2
Ronald Labonté, Raphael Lencucha, Jeffrey Drope, Corinne Packer, Fastone M Goma, Richard Zulu
BACKGROUND: Tobacco production is said to be an important contributor to Zambia's economy in terms of labour and revenue generation. In light of Zambia's obligations under the WHO Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC) we examined the institutional actors in Zambia's tobacco sector to better understand their roles and determine the institutional context that supports tobacco production in Zambia. METHODS: Findings from 26 qualitative, semi-structured individual or small-group interviews with key informants from governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations were analysed, along with data and information from published literature...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338784/advancing-sti-priorities-in-the-sdg-era-priorities-for-action
#3
EDITORIAL
Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Greg Martin, Helen Rees
The Sustainable Development Goals present an opportunity to reimagine and then reconfigure the approach to controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The predilection of STIs for women and for vulnerable populations means that services that ameliorate STIs, by their nature, enhance equity, a key focus of the goals. Given the considerable breadth and depth of the goals, it is important to locate points of convergence between the SDGs and STIs, further craft synergies with HIV and select a few population groups and settings to prioritise...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338746/cost-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-africa-a-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#4
REVIEW
Chipo Mutyambizi, Milena Pavlova, Lumbwe Chola, Charles Hongoro, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing recognition that non communicable diseases impose large economic costs on households, societies and nations. However, not much is known about the magnitude of diabetes expenditure in African countries and to the best of our knowledge no systematic assessment of the literature on diabetes costs in Africa has been conducted. The aim of this paper is to capture the evidence on the cost of diabetes in Africa, review the methods used to calculate costs and identify areas for future research...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338741/knowledge-and-practices-of-general-practitioners-at-district-hospitals-towards-cervical-cancer-prevention-in-burundi-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Zacharie Ndizeye, Davy Vanden Broeck, Heleen Vermandere, John Paul Bogers, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Well-organized screening and treatment programmes are effective to prevent Invasive Cervical Cancer (ICC) in LMICs. To achieve this, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the involvement of existing health personnel in casu doctors, nurses, midwives in ICC prevention. A necessary precondition is that health personnel have appropriate knowledge about ICC. Therefore, to inform policy makers and training institutions in Burundi, we documented the knowledge and practices of general practitioners (GPs) at district hospital level towards ICC control...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#6
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310698/good-collaborative-practice-reforming-capacity-building-governance-of-international-health-research-partnerships
#7
LETTER
Claire Leonie Ward, David Shaw, Dominique Sprumont, Osman Sankoh, Marcel Tanner, Bernice Elger
In line with the policy objectives of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this commentary seeks to examine the extent to which provisions of international health research guidance promote capacity building and equitable partnerships in global health research. Our evaluation finds that governance of collaborative research partnerships, and in particular capacity building, in resource-constrained settings is limited but has improved with the implementation guidance of the International Ethical Guidelines for Health-related Research Involving Humans by The Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) (2016)...
January 8, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284504/self-help-and-help-seeking-for-communication-disability-in-ghana-implications-for-the-development-of-communication-disability-rehabilitation-services
#8
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall, Clement Amponsah, Josephine Ohenewa Bampoe
BACKGROUND: In low and middle-income countries, such as Ghana, communication disability is poorly recognised and rehabilitation services for people with communication disability are limited. As rehabilitation services for communication disability develop, and the profession of speech-language pathology grows, it is important to consider how services can most appropriately respond to the needs and preferences of the community. Understanding the ways in which people currently self-help and seek help for communication disability is central to developing services that build on existing local practices and are relevant to the community...
December 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262849/non-communicable-diseases-control-in-china-and-japan
#9
REVIEW
Fei Wu, Hiroto Narimatsu, Xiaoqiang Li, Sho Nakamura, Ri Sho, Genming Zhao, Yoshinori Nakata, Wanghong Xu
China and Japan share numerous similarities other than their geographical proximity. Facing the great challenges of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), China and Japan have developed different preventive strategies and systems. While Japan has made great progress in primary prevention of NCDs through strong legislation, the 'Specific Health Check and Guidance System' and a unique licensed health professional system, China is attempting to catch up by changing its strategies in NCDs control. In this manuscript, we compared disease burden of NCDs, health care systems and preventive strategies against NCDs between China and Japan...
December 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258549/effectiveness-of-home-based-nutritional-counselling-and-support-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-urban-poor-settings-in-nairobi-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Paula L Griffiths, Frederick Murunga Wekesah, Milka Wanjohi, Nelson Muhia, Peter Muriuki, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi, Alex C Ezeh, Stephen T McGarvey, Rachel N Musoke, Shane A Norris, Nyovani J Madise
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) improves infant health and survival. We tested the effectiveness of a home-based intervention using Community Health Workers (CHWs) on EBF for six months in urban poor settings in Kenya. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Korogocho and Viwandani slums in Nairobi. We recruited pregnant women and followed them until the infant's first birthday. Fourteen community clusters were randomized to intervention or control arm...
December 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233165/the-global-fund-s-paradigm-of-oversight-monitoring-and-results-in-mozambique
#11
Ashley Warren, Roberto Cordon, Michaela Told, Don de Savigny, Ilona Kickbusch, Marcel Tanner
BACKGROUND: The Global Fund is one of the largest actors in global health. In 2015 the Global Fund was credited with disbursing close to 10 % of all development assistance for health. In 2011 it began a reform process in response to internal reviews following allegations of recipients' misuse of funds. Reforms have focused on grant application processes thus far while the core structures and paradigm have remained intact. We report results of discussions with key stakeholders on the Global Fund, its paradigm of oversight, monitoring, and results in Mozambique...
December 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216877/donor-funded-project-s-sustainability-assessment-a-qualitative-case-study-of-a-results-based-financing-pilot-in-koulikoro-region-mali
#12
Mathieu Seppey, Valéry Ridde, Laurence Touré, Abdourahmane Coulibaly
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) is emerging as a new alternative to finance health systems in many African countries. In Mali, a pilot project was conducted to improve demand and supply of health services through financing performance in targeted services. No study has explored the sustainability process of such a project in Africa. This study's objectives were to understand the project's sustainability process and to assess its level of sustainability. METHODS: Sustainability was examined through its different determinants, phases, levels and contexts...
December 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212509/incremental-cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-low-dose-high-frequency-training-in-basic-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-as-compared-to-status-quo-part-of-a-cluster-randomized-training-intervention-evaluation-in-ghana
#13
Michelle Willcox, Heather Harrison, Amos Asiedu, Allyson Nelson, Patricia Gomez, Amnesty LeFevre
BACKGROUND: Low-dose, high-frequency (LDHF) training is a new approach best practices to improve clinical knowledge, build and retain competency, and transfer skills into practice after training. LDHF training in Ghana is an opportunity to build health workforce capacity in critical areas of maternal and newborn health and translate improved capacity into better health outcomes. METHODS: This study examined the costs of an LDHF training approach for basic emergency obstetric and newborn care and calculates the incremental cost-effectiveness of the LDHF training program for health outcomes of newborn survival, compared to the status quo alternative of no training...
December 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208026/operationalizing-mhealth-to-improve-patient-care-a-qualitative-implementation-science-evaluation-of-the-weltel-texting-intervention-in-canada-and-kenya
#14
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Melanie Murray, Antony M Khaemba, Kirsten Smillie, Richard Lester
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) applications have proliferated across the globe with much enthusiasm, although few have reached scale and shown public health impact. In this study, we explored how different contextual factors influenced the implementation, effectiveness and potential for scale-up of WelTel, an easy-to-use and evidence-based mHealth intervention. WelTel uses two-way SMS communication to improve patient adherence to medication and engagement in care, and has been developed and tested in Canada and Kenya...
December 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157285/map-of-biomedical-research-in-cameroon-a-documentary-review-of-approved-protocols-from-1997-to-2012
#15
Ebile Akoh Walter, Ateudjieu Jerome, Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Watcho Pierre
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in biomedical research in Cameroon. However, the question of whether these research projects target major health priorities, vulnerable populations and geographic locations at risk remains to be answered. The aim of this paper is to describe the state of biomedical research in Cameroon which is a key determinant that would guide future health care policies and promote equitable access to healthcare. METHODS: A documentary review of all approved protocols (proposals) of biomedical research projects, from 1997 through 2012, at the Cameroon National Ethics Committee...
November 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157284/malaria-control-in-rural-malawi-implementing-peer-health-education-for-behaviour-change
#16
Tumaini Malenga, Alinune Nathanael Kabaghe, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Asante Kadama, Robert S McCann, Kamija Samuel Phiri, Michèle van Vugt, Henk van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce malaria burden are effective if communities use them appropriately and consistently. Several tools have been suggested to promote uptake and use of malaria control interventions. Community workshops on malaria, using the 'Health Animator' approach, are a potential behaviour change strategy for malaria control. The strategy aims to influence a change in mind-set of vulnerable populations to encourage self-reliance, using community volunteers known as Health Animators...
November 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145871/challenges-to-implementing-gavi-s-health-system-strengthening-support-in-chad-and-cameroon-results-from-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#17
Emily Dansereau, Yodé Miangotar, Ellen Squires, Honoré Mimche, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, Gavi has provided health system strengthening (HSS) grants to address bottlenecks affecting immunization services. This study is the first to evaluate the Gavi HSS implementation process in either Cameroon or Chad, two countries with significant health system challenges and poor achievement on the child and maternal health Millennium Development Goals. METHODS: We triangulated quantitative and qualitative data including financial records, document review, field visit questionnaires, and key informant interviews (KII) with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Gavi, and other partners...
November 16, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137678/disentangling-regional-trade-agreements-trade-flows-and-tobacco-affordability-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Adriana Appau, Jeffrey Drope, Ronald Labonté, Michal Stoklosa, Raphael Lencucha
BACKGROUND: In principle, trade and investment agreements are meant to boost economic growth. However, the removal of trade barriers and the provision of investment incentives to attract foreign direct investments may facilitate increased trade in and/or more efficient production of commodities considered harmful to health such as tobacco. We analyze existing evidence on trade and investment liberalization and its relationship to tobacco trade in Sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: We compare tobacco trading patterns to foreign direct investments made by tobacco companies...
November 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137663/patent-landscape-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-an-analysis-of-worldwide-patent-families
#19
Folahanmi Tomiwa Akinsolu, Vitor Nobre de Paiva, Samuel Santos Souza, Orsolya Varga
BACKGROUND: "Neglected Tropical Diseases" (NTDs) affect millions of people in Africa, Asia and South America. The two primary ways of strategic interventions are "preventive chemotherapy and transmission control" (PCT), and "innovative and intensified disease management" (IDM). In the last 5 years, phenomenal progress has been achieved. However, it is crucial to intensify research effort into NTDs, because of the emerging drug resistance. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the term NTDs covers 17 diseases, namely buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, dengue, dracunculiasis, echinococcosis, trematodiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, rabies, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthes, taeniasis, trachoma, and yaws...
November 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110668/measuring-the-bias-against-low-income-country-research-an-implicit-association-test
#20
Matthew Harris, James Macinko, Geronimo Jimenez, Pricila Mullachery
BACKGROUND: With an increasing array of innovations and research emerging from low-income countries there is a growing recognition that even high-income countries could learn from these contexts. It is well known that the source of a product influences perception of that product, but little research has examined whether this applies also in evidence-based medicine and decision-making. In order to examine likely barriers to learning from low-income countries, this study uses established methods in cognitive psychology to explore whether healthcare professionals and researchers implicitly associate good research with rich countries more so than with poor countries...
November 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
journal
journal
41034
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"