journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591345/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-amfepramone-and-mazindol-as-a-monotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-obese-or-overweight-patients
#1
Rosa Camila Lucchetta, Bruno Salgado Riveros, Roberto Pontarolo, Rosana Bento Radominski, Michel Fleith Otuki, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Cassyano Januário Correr
The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of amfepramone, fenproporex and mazindol as a monotherapy for the treatment of obese or overweight patients. A systematic review of primary studies was conducted, followed by a direct meta-analysis (random effect) and mixed treatment comparison. Medline and other databases were searched. Heterogeneity was explored through I2 associated with a p-value. Of 739 identified publications, 25 were included in the meta-analysis. The global evaluation of Cochrane resulted in 19 studies with a high level of bias and six with unclear risk...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591344/aerobic-swim-training-restores-aortic-endothelial-function-by-decreasing-superoxide-levels-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#2
Camila P Jordão, Tiago Fernandes, Leonardo Yuji Tanaka, Luiz R Grassmann Bechara, Luis Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa, Edilamar M Oliveira, Paulo Rizzo Ramires
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether aerobic training decreases superoxide levels, increases nitric oxide levels, and improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats. METHODS: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were distributed into 2 groups: sedentary (SHRsd and WKYsd, n=10 each) and swimming-trained (SHRtr, n=10 and WKYtr, n=10, respectively). The trained group participated in training sessions 5 days/week for 1 h/day with an additional work load of 4% of the animal's body weight...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591343/burnout-syndrome-in-health-care-professionals-in-a-university-hospital
#3
Lucila Corsino de Paiva, Ana Carla Gomes Canário, Eneluzia Lavynnya Corsino de Paiva China, Ana Katherine Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate professional achievement and factors associated with occupational burnout among health professionals. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 436 healthcare providers, consisting of 101 nurses, 81 doctors and 254 nursing technicians, all meeting pre-established inclusion criteria. Occupational burnout was detected using the Maslach occupational burnout inventory tool. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires comprising questions concerning socio-demographics, education and training, and the Maslach occupational burnout inventory was used to identify levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and professional achievement...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591342/risk-factors-for-the-prognosis-of-pediatric-medulloblastoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-40-cases
#4
Jianzhong Yu, Rui Zhao, Wei Shi, Hao Li
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the association of molecular subtypes, clinical characteristics and pathological types with the prognosis of patients with medulloblastoma. METHODS: We analyzed forty patients with medulloblastoma who underwent surgical resection at our center between January 2004 and June 2014. Risk factors associated with survival, disease progression and recurrence were analyzed with a univariate Cox regression analysis, and the identified significant risk factors were further analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591341/the-effect-of-frax-on-the-prediction-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-urban-middle-aged-and-elderly-healthy-chinese-adults
#5
Jun Wang, Xuejun Wang, Zhen Fang, Nanjia Lu, Liyuan Han
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the applicability of a fracture risk assessment tool for the prediction of osteoporotic fractures in middle-aged and elderly healthy Chinese adults. METHODS: A standard questionnaire was administered, and bone mineral density was measured in residents visiting the Dongliu Street Community Health Service Center. Paired t-tests were used to compare the FRAX-based probabilities of fractures estimated with and without consideration of bone mineral density...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591340/uterine-artery-doppler-flow-velocimetry-parameters-for-predicting-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-after-complete-hydatidiform-mole-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Flavia Tarabini Castellani Asmar, Antonio Rodrigues Braga-Neto, Jorge de Rezende-Filho, Juliana Marques Simões Villas-Boas, Rafael Cortés Charry, Izildinha Maesta
OBJECTIVES: Doppler ultrasonography can be used to assess neoangiogenesis, a characteristic feature of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. However, there is limited information on whether uterine artery Doppler flow velocimetry parameters can predict gestational trophoblastic neoplasia following a complete hydatidiform mole. The purpose of this study was as follows: 1) to compare uterine blood flow before and after complete mole evacuation between women who developed postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and those who achieved spontaneous remission, 2) to assess the usefulness of uterine Doppler parameters as predictors of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and to determine the best parameters and cutoff values for predicting postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591339/oral-motor-and-electromyographic-characterization-of-adults-with-facial-fractures-a-comparison-between-different-fracture-severities
#7
Amanda Pagliotto da Silva, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Endrigo Bastos, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the oral motor system of adults with facial injuries and to compare the oral motor performance/function between two different groups. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 38 patients presenting with facial trauma who were assigned to the Division of Orofacial Myology of a Brazilian School Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (G1) consisted of 19 patients who were submitted to open reduction of at least one facial fracture, and Group 2 (G2) consisted of 19 individuals who were submitted to closed fracture reduction with maxillomandibular fixation...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591338/muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-severe-obesity
#8
Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Roberto de Cleva, Gabriela Correia de Faria Santarém, Paulo Roberto Santos Silva, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurélio Santo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations between maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs and body composition for subjects with severe obesity. METHODS: Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. One hundred thirty-two patients were enrolled (100 females and 32 males). Eighty-seven patients had a body mass index between 40 and 49...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591337/placental-weight-and-birth-weight-to-placental-weight-ratio-in-monochorionic-and-dichorionic-growth-restricted-and-non-growth-restricted-twins
#9
Mariângela Alves Souza, Maria de Lourdes Brizot, Sckarlet Ernandes Biancolin, Regina Schultz, Mário Henrique Burlacchini de Carvalho, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the placental weight and birth weight/placental weight ratio for intrauterine growth-restricted and non-intrauterine growth-restricted monochorionic and dichorionic twins. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of placentas from twin pregnancies. Placental weight and the birth weight/placental weight ratio were compared in intrauterine growth-restricted and non-intrauterine growth-restricted monochorionic and dichorionic twins...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591336/prognostic-factors-affecting-outcomes-in-multivisceral-en-bloc-resection-for-colorectal-cancer
#10
Caio Sergio Rizkallah Nahas, Sergio Carlos Nahas, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Leonardo Bustamante-Lopez, Carlos Frederico Sparapan Marques, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, Antonio Rocco Imperiale, Guilherme Cutait Cotti, William Carlos Nahas, Daher Cezar Chade, Dariane Sampaio Piato, Fabio Busnardo, Ivan Cecconello
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the clinical and pathological factors associated with perioperative morbidity, mortality and oncological outcomes after multivisceral en bloc resection in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between January 2009 and February 2014, 105 patients with primary colorectal cancer selected for multivisceral resection were identified from a prospective database. Clinical and pathological factors, perioperative morbidity and mortality and outcomes were obtained from medical records...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492726/theoretical-basis-application-reliability-and-sample-size-estimates-of-a-meridian-energy-analysis-device-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-research
#11
Ming-Yen Tsai, Shih-Yu Chen, Chung-Chun Lin
OBJECTIVES: The Meridian Energy Analysis Device is currently a popular tool in the scientific research of meridian electrophysiology. In this field, it is generally believed that measuring the electrical conductivity of meridians provides information about the balance of bioenergy or Qi-blood in the body. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed database based on some original articles from 1956 to 2014 and the authoŕs clinical experience. In this short communication, we provide clinical examples of Meridian Energy Analysis Device application, especially in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, discuss the reliability of the measurements, and put the values obtained into context by considering items of considerable variability and by estimating sample size...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492725/breast-cancer-screening-in-developing-countries
#12
René Aloísio da Costa Vieira, Gabriele Biller, Gilberto Uemura, Carlos Alberto Ruiz, Maria Paula Curado
Developing countries have limited healthcare resources and use different strategies to diagnose breast cancer. Most of the population depends on the public healthcare system, which affects the diagnosis of the tumor. Thus, the indicators observed in developed countries cannot be directly compared with those observed in developing countries because the healthcare infrastructures in developing countries are deficient. The aim of this study was to evaluate breast cancer screening strategies and indicators in developing countries...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492724/human-islet-xenotransplantation-in-rodents-a-literature-review-of-experimental-model-trends
#13
Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, André Silva Franco, Fábio Yuji Suguita, Felipe Futema Essu, Lucas Torres Oliveira, Juliana Mika Kato, Matheus Belloni Torsani, Alberto Meyer, Wellington Andraus, Eleazar Chaib, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque
Among the innovations for the treatment of type 1 diabetes, islet transplantation is a less invasive method of treatment, although it is still in development. One of the greatest barriers to this technique is the low number of pancreas donors and the low number of pancreases that are available for transplantation. Rodent models have been chosen in most studies of islet rejection and type 1 diabetes prevention to evaluate the quality and function of isolated human islets and to identify alternative solutions to the problem of islet scarcity...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492723/hepatic-osteodystrophy-the-mechanism-of-bone-loss-in-hepatocellular-disease-and-the-effects-of-pamidronate-treatment
#14
Adriano L Spirlandeli, Ingrid Dick-de-Paula, Ariane Zamarioli, Vanda Jorgetti, Leandra N Z Ramalho, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa, Jose B Volpon, Alceu A Jordão, Fernando Q Cunha, Sandra Y Fukada, Francisco J A de Paula
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to evaluate the bone phenotypes and mechanisms involved in bone disorders associated with hepatic osteodystrophy. Hepatocellular disease was induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). In addition, the effects of disodium pamidronate on bone tissue were evaluated. METHODS: The study included 4 groups of 15 mice: a) C = mice subjected to vehicle injections; b) C+P = mice subjected to vehicle and pamidronate injections; c) CCl4+V = mice subjected to CCl4 and vehicle injections; and d) CCl4+P = mice subjected to CCl4 and pamidronate injections...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492722/insulin-resistance-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-bank-employees
#15
Luciane Bresciani Salaroli, Monica Cattafesta, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Eliana Zandonade, Nazaré Souza Bissoli
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is characterized by the failure of target cells to respond to normal levels of circulating insulin, and this condition is related to cardiovascular disease. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of insulin resistance and its association with markers of metabolic abnormalities and metabolic syndrome in bank employees. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 498 working men and women aged ≥20 years old. The Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) was used to determine the presence of insulin resistance based on cut-off values of ≤2...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492721/treatment-of-acromegaly-patients-at-the-federal-university-of-tri%C3%A3-ngulo-mineiro-uftm-experience-report
#16
Maria de Fátima Borges, Beatriz Hallal Jorge Lara, Janaíne Machado Tomé, Leopoldo Prezia de Araújo, Flávio Cesar Lucas Bugiga, Júlio Cláudio Sousa, Jacqueline Mendes Fonseca Soares, Roberto Alexandre Dezena, Beatriz Pires Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment of acromegaly patients at the Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro. METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective study of thirty cases treated over a period of two decades. RESULTS: 17 men (56.7%) aged 14-67 years and 13 women aged 14-86 years were analyzed. Twenty-one patients underwent transphenoidal surgery, whichwas associated with somatostatin receptor ligands in 11 patients (39...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492720/association-between-language-and-hearing-disorders-risk-identification
#17
Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Silmara Rondon-Melo, Camila Maia Rabelo, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas
OBJECTIVE: To identify children at risk for hearing and/or language disorders and to investigate the association between these risks by conducting pre-validated hearing and language screenings. METHODS: The study was conducted during a polio vaccination campaign in August of 2013 in basic health units in western São Paulo. Parents of children between 2 and 5 years of age were asked to complete two screening tools: a hearing questionnaire (regarding hearing development) and a language production and comprehension scale (including the major language development milestones)...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492719/does-aortic-valve-repair-in-valve-sparing-aortic-root-reconstruction-compromise-the-longevity-of-the-procedure
#18
Ricardo Ribeiro Dias, José Augusto Duncan, Fabrício José de Souza Dinato, Lucas Lacerda Araújo, Hugo Monteiro Neder Issa, Fábio Fernandes, Charles Mady, Fábio Biscegli Jatene
OBJECTIVES: The effect of performing aortic valve repair in combination with valve-sparing operation on the length of time for which patients are free from reoperation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if the performance of aortic valve repair during valve-sparing operation modified the freedom from reoperation time. METHODS: From January 2003 to July 2014, 78 patients with a mean age of 49±15 years underwent valve-sparing operation. Sixty-eight percent of these patients were male...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492718/effects-of-motor-learning-on-clinical-isokinetic-test-performance-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#19
José Messias Rodrigues-da-Silva, Márcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of motor learning on knee extension-flexion isokinetic performance in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six middle-aged and older sedentary individuals (111 women, 64.3±9.9 years) with knee osteoarthritis (130 patients with bilateral) and who had never performed isokinetic testing underwent two bilateral knee extension-flexion (concentric-concentric) isokinetic evaluations (5 repetitions) at 60°/sec...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492717/endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategy-choice-of-esophageal-leiomyoma
#20
Ling-Jia Sun, Xin Chen, Yi-Ning Dai, Cheng-Fu Xu, Feng Ji, Li-Hua Chen, Hong-Tan Chen, Chun-Xiao Chen
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus, and it originates from mesenchymal tissue. This study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of esophageal leiomyoma and aimed to evaluate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis and treatment selection for these lesions. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-five patients who had suspected esophageal leiomyomas in endoscopic ultrasonography were enrolled at the Endoscopy Center of The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University from January 1st, 2009 to May 31th, 2015...
April 2017: Clinics
journal
journal
41027
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"