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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492726/theoretical-basis-application-reliability-and-sample-size-estimates-of-a-meridian-energy-analysis-device-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-research
#1
Ming-Yen Tsai, Shih-Yu Chen, Chung-Chun Lin
OBJECTIVES: The Meridian Energy Analysis Device is currently a popular tool in the scientific research of meridian electrophysiology. In this field, it is generally believed that measuring the electrical conductivity of meridians provides information about the balance of bioenergy or Qi-blood in the body. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed database based on some original articles from 1956 to 2014 and the authoŕs clinical experience. In this short communication, we provide clinical examples of Meridian Energy Analysis Device application, especially in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, discuss the reliability of the measurements, and put the values obtained into context by considering items of considerable variability and by estimating sample size...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492725/breast-cancer-screening-in-developing-countries
#2
René Aloísio da Costa Vieira, Gabriele Biller, Gilberto Uemura, Carlos Alberto Ruiz, Maria Paula Curado
Developing countries have limited healthcare resources and use different strategies to diagnose breast cancer. Most of the population depends on the public healthcare system, which affects the diagnosis of the tumor. Thus, the indicators observed in developed countries cannot be directly compared with those observed in developing countries because the healthcare infrastructures in developing countries are deficient. The aim of this study was to evaluate breast cancer screening strategies and indicators in developing countries...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492724/human-islet-xenotransplantation-in-rodents-a-literature-review-of-experimental-model-trends
#3
Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, André Silva Franco, Fábio Yuji Suguita, Felipe Futema Essu, Lucas Torres Oliveira, Juliana Mika Kato, Matheus Belloni Torsani, Alberto Meyer, Wellington Andraus, Eleazar Chaib, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque
Among the innovations for the treatment of type 1 diabetes, islet transplantation is a less invasive method of treatment, although it is still in development. One of the greatest barriers to this technique is the low number of pancreas donors and the low number of pancreases that are available for transplantation. Rodent models have been chosen in most studies of islet rejection and type 1 diabetes prevention to evaluate the quality and function of isolated human islets and to identify alternative solutions to the problem of islet scarcity...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492723/hepatic-osteodystrophy-the-mechanism-of-bone-loss-in-hepatocellular-disease-and-the-effects-of-pamidronate-treatment
#4
Adriano L Spirlandeli, Ingrid Dick-de-Paula, Ariane Zamarioli, Vanda Jorgetti, Leandra N Z Ramalho, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa, Jose B Volpon, Alceu A Jordão, Fernando Q Cunha, Sandra Y Fukada, Francisco J A de Paula
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to evaluate the bone phenotypes and mechanisms involved in bone disorders associated with hepatic osteodystrophy. Hepatocellular disease was induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). In addition, the effects of disodium pamidronate on bone tissue were evaluated. METHODS: The study included 4 groups of 15 mice: a) C = mice subjected to vehicle injections; b) C+P = mice subjected to vehicle and pamidronate injections; c) CCl4+V = mice subjected to CCl4 and vehicle injections; and d) CCl4+P = mice subjected to CCl4 and pamidronate injections...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492722/insulin-resistance-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-bank-employees
#5
Luciane Bresciani Salaroli, Monica Cattafesta, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Eliana Zandonade, Nazaré Souza Bissoli
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is characterized by the failure of target cells to respond to normal levels of circulating insulin, and this condition is related to cardiovascular disease. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of insulin resistance and its association with markers of metabolic abnormalities and metabolic syndrome in bank employees. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 498 working men and women aged ≥20 years old. The Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) was used to determine the presence of insulin resistance based on cut-off values of ≤2...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492721/treatment-of-acromegaly-patients-at-the-federal-university-of-tri%C3%A3-ngulo-mineiro-uftm-experience-report
#6
Maria de Fátima Borges, Beatriz Hallal Jorge Lara, Janaíne Machado Tomé, Leopoldo Prezia de Araújo, Flávio Cesar Lucas Bugiga, Júlio Cláudio Sousa, Jacqueline Mendes Fonseca Soares, Roberto Alexandre Dezena, Beatriz Pires Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment of acromegaly patients at the Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro. METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective study of thirty cases treated over a period of two decades. RESULTS: 17 men (56.7%) aged 14-67 years and 13 women aged 14-86 years were analyzed. Twenty-one patients underwent transphenoidal surgery, whichwas associated with somatostatin receptor ligands in 11 patients (39...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492720/association-between-language-and-hearing-disorders-risk-identification
#7
Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Silmara Rondon-Melo, Camila Maia Rabelo, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas
OBJECTIVE: To identify children at risk for hearing and/or language disorders and to investigate the association between these risks by conducting pre-validated hearing and language screenings. METHODS: The study was conducted during a polio vaccination campaign in August of 2013 in basic health units in western São Paulo. Parents of children between 2 and 5 years of age were asked to complete two screening tools: a hearing questionnaire (regarding hearing development) and a language production and comprehension scale (including the major language development milestones)...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492719/does-aortic-valve-repair-in-valve-sparing-aortic-root-reconstruction-compromise-the-longevity-of-the-procedure
#8
Ricardo Ribeiro Dias, José Augusto Duncan, Fabrício José de Souza Dinato, Lucas Lacerda Araújo, Hugo Monteiro Neder Issa, Fábio Fernandes, Charles Mady, Fábio Biscegli Jatene
OBJECTIVES: The effect of performing aortic valve repair in combination with valve-sparing operation on the length of time for which patients are free from reoperation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if the performance of aortic valve repair during valve-sparing operation modified the freedom from reoperation time. METHODS: From January 2003 to July 2014, 78 patients with a mean age of 49±15 years underwent valve-sparing operation. Sixty-eight percent of these patients were male...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492718/effects-of-motor-learning-on-clinical-isokinetic-test-performance-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#9
José Messias Rodrigues-da-Silva, Márcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of motor learning on knee extension-flexion isokinetic performance in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six middle-aged and older sedentary individuals (111 women, 64.3±9.9 years) with knee osteoarthritis (130 patients with bilateral) and who had never performed isokinetic testing underwent two bilateral knee extension-flexion (concentric-concentric) isokinetic evaluations (5 repetitions) at 60°/sec...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492717/endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategy-choice-of-esophageal-leiomyoma
#10
Ling-Jia Sun, Xin Chen, Yi-Ning Dai, Cheng-Fu Xu, Feng Ji, Li-Hua Chen, Hong-Tan Chen, Chun-Xiao Chen
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus, and it originates from mesenchymal tissue. This study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of esophageal leiomyoma and aimed to evaluate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis and treatment selection for these lesions. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-five patients who had suspected esophageal leiomyomas in endoscopic ultrasonography were enrolled at the Endoscopy Center of The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University from January 1st, 2009 to May 31th, 2015...
April 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355366/diagnostic-models-of-the-pre-test-probability-of-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Ting He, Xing Liu, Nana Xu, Ying Li, Qiaoyu Wu, Meilin Liu, Hong Yuan
A comprehensive search of PubMed and Embase was performed in January 2015 to examine the available literature on validated diagnostic models of the pre-test probability of stable coronary artery disease and to describe the characteristics of the models. Studies that were designed to develop and validate diagnostic models of pre-test probability for stable coronary artery disease were included. Data regarding baseline patient characteristics, procedural characteristics, modeling methods, metrics of model performance, risk of bias, and clinical usefulness were extracted...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355365/the-acceptability-of-vaginal-smear-self-collection-for-screening-for-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
Natalia Serrano Doratioto Faria Braz, Noely Paula Cristina Lorenzi, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso, Lana Maria de Aguiar, Edmund Chada Baracat, José Maria Soares-Júnior
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in adult women. However, many women do not undergo cervical cancer screening for the following reasons: fear, shame, physical limitations, cultural or religious considerations and lack of access to health care services. Self-collected vaginal smears maybe an alternative means of including more women in cervical cancer screening programs. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the acceptability of vaginal smear self-collection for cervical cancer screening...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355364/sheep-model-for-uterine-transplantation-the-best-option-before-starting-a-human-program
#13
Wellington Andraus, Dani Ejzenberg, Rafael Miyashiro Nunes Dos Santos, Luana Regina Baratelli Carelli Mendes, Rubens Macedo Arantes, Edmund Chada Baracat, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: This study reports the first four cases of a uterine transplant procedure conducted in sheep in Latin America. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of uterine transplantation in sheep. METHOD: The study was conducted at Laboratory of Medical Investigation 37 (LIM 37) at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine. Four healthy mature ewes weighing 40-60 kg were used as both the donor and recipient for a transplant within the same animal (auto-transplant)...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355363/the-effects-of-individually-ventilated-cages-on-the-respiratory-systems-of-male-and-female-wistar-rats-from-birth-until-adulthood
#14
Guilherme D'Aprile Marchesi, Sônia de Fatima Soto, Isac de Castro, Thiago Guimarães Rodrigues, Henrique Takachi Moriya, Francine Maria de Almeida, Rogerio Pazetti, Joel Claudio Heimann, Luzia Naôko Shinohara Furukawa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the respiratory systems of male and female rats maintained in individually ventilated cages (IVCs) from birth until adulthood. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were housed in individually ventilated cages or conventional cages (CCs) and mated with male Wistar rats. After birth and weaning, the male offspring were separated from the females and kept in cages of the same type until 12 weeks of age. RESULTS: The level of food consumption was lower in male offspring (IVC=171...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355362/controlled-clinical-trial-addressing-teeth-whitening-with-hydrogen-peroxide-in-adolescents-a-12-month-follow-up
#15
Marcelo Mendes Pinto, Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Costa da Mota, Alessandro Melo Deana, Silvia Regina Olivan, Carolina Bortoletto, Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Katia Lumi Tanikawa Vergilio, Olga Maria Altavista, Lara J Motta, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the colorimetric change in incisors and canines of adolescents aged 12 to 20 years submitted to at-home whitening and to evaluate satisfaction, sensitivity and discomfort during the procedures through a questionnaire. METHOD: Thirty adolescents were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) 6.0% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 2) 7.5% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 3) 10% hydrogen peroxide (Oral B 3D White - Oral-B); 4) Control group - placebo...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355361/anaerobic-bacteria-in-the-intestinal-microbiota-of-brazilian-children
#16
Silvia T Talarico, Florenza E Santos, Katia Galeão Brandt, Marina B Martinez, Carla R Taddei
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the neonatal gut environment allow for the colonization of the mucin layer and lumen by anaerobic bacteria. The aim of the present study was to evaluate Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Lactococcus colonization through the first year of life in a group of 12 Brazilian infants and to correlate these data with the levels of Escherichia coli. The presence of anaerobic members of the adult intestinal microbiota, including Eubacterium limosum and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, was also evaluated...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355360/helicobacter-pylory-infection-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Omer Bilgehan Poyrazoglu, Ahmet Cumhur Dulger, Bilge Sumbul Gultepe
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common esophageal diseases in the developing world, but the relationship between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and Helicobacter pylori infection remains a neglected topic. The primary objective of this study was to determine the association between Helicobacter pylori infection and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. A second purpose was to determine the incidence and factors associated with Helicobacter pylori infection following esophagectomy...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355359/oxidative-stress-and-immune-system-analysis-after-cycle-ergometer-use-in-critical-patients
#18
Eduardo Eriko Tenório de França, Luana Carneiro Ribeiro, Gabriela Gomes Lamenha, Isabela Kalline Fidelix Magalhães, Thainá de Gomes Figueiredo, Marthley José Correia Costa, Ubiracé Fernando Elihimas, Bárbara Luana Feitosa, Maria do Amparo Andrade, Marco Aurélio Valois Correia, Francimar Ferrari Ramos, Célia Maria Machado Barbosa de Castro
OBJECTIVE: The passive cycle ergometer aims to prevent hypotrophy and improve muscle strength, with a consequent reduction in hospitalization time in the intensive care unit and functional improvement. However, its effects on oxidative stress and immune system parameters remain unknown. The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of a passive cycle ergometer on the immune system and oxidative stress in critical patients. METHODS: This paper describes a randomized controlled trial in a sample of 19 patients of both genders who were on mechanical ventilation and hospitalized in the intensive care unit of the Hospital Agamenom Magalhães...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355358/breast-conserving-surgery-in-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-submitted-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-safety-and-effectiveness-based-on-ipsilateral-breast-tumor-recurrence-and-long-term-follow-up
#19
Guilherme Freire Angotti Carrara, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Lucas Faria Abrahão-Machado, Maria Mitzi Brentani, João Soares Nunes, Maria Aparecida Azevedo Koike Folgueira, René Aloisio da Costa Vieira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence after breast-conserving surgery for locally advanced breast cancer. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was performed in patients with locally advanced breast cancer submitted to breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on an adriamycin-cyclophosphamide-paclitaxel regimen. We evaluated the clinical, pathologic, immunohistochemistry, and surgical factors that contribute to ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence and locoregional recurrence...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355357/the-influence-of-body-image-on-surgical-decisions-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#20
Paulo Alvim Borges, José Thomé de Carvalho, Olavo Biraghi Letaif, Raphael Martus Marcon, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the severity of deformities in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis contributes to patients' decision regarding whether to undergo an operation. METHODS: We evaluated body image factors in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. We evaluated the magnitude of the main scoliotic curve, gibbosity (magnitude and location), shoulder height asymmetry and patient's age. We analyzed the correlation of these data with the number of years the patient was willing to trade for surgery, as measured by the time-trade-off method...
March 2017: Clinics
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