journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavior Research Methods

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646402/a-spoon-full-of-sugar-helps-the-medicine-go-down-how-a-participant-friendly-version-of-a-psychophysics-task-significantly-improves-task-engagement-performance-and-data-quality-in-a-typical-adult-sample
#1
Marie L Smith, M Letizia Cesana, Emily K Farran, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Louise Ewing
Few would argue that the unique insights brought by studying the typical and atypical development of psychological processes are essential to building a comprehensive understanding of the brain. Often, however, the associated challenges of working with non-standard adult populations results in the more complex psychophysical paradigms being rejected as too complex. Recently we created a child- (and clinical group) friendly implementation of one such technique - the reverse-correlation Bubbles approach - and noted an associated performance boost in adult participants...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646401/a-standardized-set-of-3-d-objects-for-virtual-reality-research-and-applications
#2
David Peeters
The use of immersive virtual reality as a research tool is rapidly increasing in numerous scientific disciplines. By combining ecological validity with strict experimental control, immersive virtual reality provides the potential to develop and test scientific theories in rich environments that closely resemble everyday settings. This article introduces the first standardized database of colored three-dimensional (3-D) objects that can be used in virtual reality and augmented reality research and applications...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646400/a-brief-assessment-tool-for-investigating-facets-of-moral-judgment-from-realistic-vignettes
#3
Michael Kruepke, Erin K Molloy, Konrad Bresin, Aron K Barbey, Edelyn Verona
Humans make moral judgments every day, and research demonstrates that these evaluations are based on a host of related event features (e.g., harm, legality). In order to acquire systematic data on how moral judgments are made, our assessments need to be expanded to include real-life, ecologically valid stimuli that take into account the numerous event features that are known to influence moral judgment. To facilitate this, Knutson et al. (in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5(4), 378-384, 2010) developed vignettes based on real-life episodic memories rated concurrently on key moral features; however, the method is time intensive (~1...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646399/mousetrap-an-integrated-open-source-mouse-tracking-package
#4
Pascal J Kieslich, Felix Henninger
Mouse-tracking - the analysis of mouse movements in computerized experiments - is becoming increasingly popular in the cognitive sciences. Mouse movements are taken as an indicator of commitment to or conflict between choice options during the decision process. Using mouse-tracking, researchers have gained insight into the temporal development of cognitive processes across a growing number of psychological domains. In the current article, we present software that offers easy and convenient means of recording and analyzing mouse movements in computerized laboratory experiments...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643159/pymice-apython-library-for-analysis-of-intellicage-data
#5
Jakub M Dzik, Alicja Puścian, Zofia Mijakowska, Kasia Radwanska, Szymon Łęski
IntelliCage is an automated system for recording the behavior of a group of mice housed together. It produces rich, detailed behavioral data calling for new methods and software for their analysis. Here we present PyMICE, a free and open-source library for analysis of IntelliCage data in the Python programming language. We describe the design and demonstrate the use of the library through a series of examples. PyMICE provides easy and intuitive access to IntelliCage data, and thus facilitates the possibility of using numerous other Python scientific libraries to form a complete data analysis workflow...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643158/measuring-working-memory-capacity-in-children-using-adaptive-tasks-example-validation-of-an-adaptive-complex-span
#6
Corentin Gonthier, Alexandre Aubry, Béatrice Bourdin
Working memory tasks designed for children usually present trials in order of ascending difficulty, with testing discontinued when the child fails a particular level. Unfortunately, this procedure comes with a number of issues, such as decreased engagement from high-ability children, vulnerability of the scores to temporary mind-wandering, and large between-subjects variations in number of trials, testing time, and proactive interference. To circumvent these problems, the goal of the present study was to demonstrate the feasibility of assessing working memory using an adaptive testing procedure...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643157/effect-of-variance-ratio-on-anova-robustness-might-1-5-be-the-limit
#7
María J Blanca, Rafael Alarcón, Jaume Arnau, Roser Bono, Rebecca Bendayan
Inconsistencies in the research findings on F-test robustness to variance heterogeneity could be related to the lack of a standard criterion to assess robustness or to the different measures used to quantify heterogeneity. In the present paper we use Monte Carlo simulation to systematically examine the Type I error rate of F-test under heterogeneity. One-way, balanced, and unbalanced designs with monotonic patterns of variance were considered. Variance ratio (VR) was used as a measure of heterogeneity (1.5, 1...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643156/the-role-of-variability-in-the-property-listing-task
#8
Sergio E Chaigneau, Enrique Canessa, Carlos Barra, Rodrigo Lagos
It is generally believed that concepts can be characterized by their properties (or features). When investigating concepts encoded in language, researchers often ask subjects to produce lists of properties that describe them (i.e., the Property Listing Task, PLT). These lists are accumulated to produce Conceptual Property Norms (CPNs). CPNs contain frequency distributions of properties for individual concepts. It is widely believed that these distributions represent the underlying semantic structure of those concepts...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643155/mind-wandering-how-do-i-measure-thee-with-probes-let-me-count-the-ways
#9
Yana Weinstein
In the past decade, a new field has formed to investigate the concept of mind-wandering, or task-unrelated thought. The state of mind-wandering is typically contrasted with being on-task, or paying attention to the task at hand, and is related to decrements in performance on cognitive tasks. The most widely used method for collecting mind-wandering data-the probe-caught method-involves stopping participants during a task and asking them where their attention is directed. In this review, 145 studies from 105 articles published between 2005 and 2015 were classified according to the framing and wording of the thought probe and response options...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634725/analyzing-individual-growth-with-clustered-longitudinal-data-a-comparison-between-model-based-and-design-based-multilevel-approaches
#10
Hsien-Yuan Hsu, John J H Lin, Susan T Skidmore
To prevent biased estimates of intraindividual growth and interindividual variability when working with clustered longitudinal data (e.g., repeated measures nested within students; students nested within schools), individual dependency should be considered. A Monte Carlo study was conducted to examine to what extent two model-based approaches (multilevel latent growth curve model - MLGCM, and maximum model - MM) and one design-based approach (design-based latent growth curve model - D-LGCM) could produce unbiased and efficient parameter estimates of intraindividual growth and interindividual variability given clustered longitudinal data...
June 20, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634724/darma-software-for-dual-axis-rating-and-media-annotation
#11
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright
Continuous measurement systems provide a means of measuring dynamic behavioral and experiential processes as they play out over time. DARMA is a modernized continuous measurement system that synchronizes media playback and the continuous recording of two-dimensional measurements. These measurements can be observational or self-reported and are provided in real-time through the manipulation of a computer joystick. DARMA also provides tools for reviewing and comparing collected measurements and for customizing various settings...
June 20, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597236/bayesian-analysis-of-the-piecewise-diffusion-decision-model
#12
William R Holmes, Jennifer S Trueblood
Most past research on sequential sampling models of decision-making have assumed a time homogeneous process (i.e., parameters such as drift rates and boundaries are constant and do not change during the deliberation process). This has largely been due to the theoretical difficulty in testing and fitting more complex models. In recent years, the development of simulation-based modeling approaches matched with Bayesian fitting methodologies has opened the possibility of developing more complex models such as those with time-varying properties...
June 8, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597235/agsuite-software-to-conduct-feature-analysis-of-artificial-grammar-learning-performance
#13
Matthew T Cook, Chrissy M Chubala, Randall K Jamieson
To simplify the problem of studying how people learn natural language, researchers use the artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. In this task, participants study letter strings constructed according to the rules of an artificial grammar and subsequently attempt to discriminate grammatical from ungrammatical test strings. Although the data from these experiments are usually analyzed by comparing the mean discrimination performance between experimental conditions, this practice discards information about the individual items and participants that could otherwise help uncover the particular features of strings associated with grammaticality judgments...
June 8, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597234/an-automated-approach-to-measuring-child-movement-and-location-in-the-early-childhood-classroom
#14
Dwight W Irvin, Stephen A Crutchfield, Charles R Greenwood, William D Kearns, Jay Buzhardt
Children's movement is an important issue in child development and outcome in early childhood research, intervention, and practice. Digital sensor technologies offer improvements in naturalistic movement measurement and analysis. We conducted validity and feasibility testing of a real-time, indoor mapping and location system (Ubisense, Inc.) within a preschool classroom. Real-time indoor mapping has several implications with respect to efficiently and conveniently: (a) determining the activity areas where children are spending the most and least time per day (e...
June 8, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593606/gazepath-an-eye-tracking-analysis-tool-that-accounts-for-individual-differences-and-data-quality
#15
Daan R van Renswoude, Maartje E J Raijmakers, Arnout Koornneef, Scott P Johnson, Sabine Hunnius, Ingmar Visser
Eye-trackers are a popular tool for studying cognitive, emotional, and attentional processes in different populations (e.g., clinical and typically developing) and participants of all ages, ranging from infants to the elderly. This broad range of processes and populations implies that there are many inter- and intra-individual differences that need to be taken into account when analyzing eye-tracking data. Standard parsing algorithms supplied by the eye-tracker manufacturers are typically optimized for adults and do not account for these individual differences...
June 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593605/online-webcam-based-eye-tracking-in-cognitive-science-a-first-look
#16
Kilian Semmelmann, Sarah Weigelt
Online experimentation is emerging in many areas of cognitive psychology as a viable alternative or supplement to classical in-lab experimentation. While performance- and reaction-time-based paradigms are covered in recent studies, one instrument of cognitive psychology has not received much attention up to now: eye tracking. In this study, we used JavaScript-based eye tracking algorithms recently made available by Papoutsaki et al. (International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2016) together with consumer-grade webcams to investigate the potential of online eye tracking to benefit from the common advantages of online data conduction...
June 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577278/arena-2-0-the-next-generation-automated-remote-environmental-navigation-apparatus-to-facilitate-cross-species-comparisons-in-behavior-and-cognition
#17
Julia Schroeder, Dennis Garlick, Aaron P Blaisdell
A series of experiments illustrated the effectiveness and flexibility of a newly developed Automated Remote Environmental Navigation Apparatus (ARENA) as an alternative to traditional operant and open-field procedures. This system improves the concept developed by Badelt and Blaisdell (Behavior Research Methods, 40, 613-621, 2008; see also Leising, Garlick, Parenteau, & Blaisdell in Behavioural Processes, 81, 105-113, 2009), with significant upgrades in flexibility and reliability, as well as a reduction in cost...
June 2, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550658/are-subjective-ratings-of-metaphors-a-red-herring-the-big-two-dimensions-of-metaphoric-sentences
#18
Paul H Thibodeau, Les Sikos, Frank H Durgin
What makes some metaphors easier to understand than others? Several psycholinguistic dimensions have been identified as candidate answers to this question, including appeals to familiarity and aptness. One way to operationalize these dimensions is to collect ratings of them from naive participants. In this article, we question the construct validity of this approach. Do ratings of aptness actually reflect the aptness of the metaphors? Are ratings of aptness measuring something different from ratings of familiarity? With two experiments and an analysis of existing datasets, we argue that ratings of metaphoric sentences are confounded by how easily people are able to understand the sentences (processing fluency)...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550657/scoring-best-worst-data-in-unbalanced-many-item-designs-with-applications-to-crowdsourcing-semantic-judgments
#19
Geoff Hollis
Best-worst scaling is a judgment format in which participants are presented with a set of items and have to choose the superior and inferior items in the set. Best-worst scaling generates a large quantity of information per judgment because each judgment allows for inferences about the rank value of all unjudged items. This property of best-worst scaling makes it a promising judgment format for research in psychology and natural language processing concerned with estimating the semantic properties of tens of thousands of words...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550656/the-combined-use-of-virtual-reality-and-eeg-to-study-language-processing-in-naturalistic-environments
#20
Johanne Tromp, David Peeters, Antje S Meyer, Peter Hagoort
When we comprehend language, we often do this in rich settings where we can use many cues to understand what someone is saying. However, it has traditionally been difficult to design experiments with rich three-dimensional contexts that resemble our everyday environments, while maintaining control over the linguistic and nonlinguistic information that is available. Here we test the validity of combining electroencephalography (EEG) and virtual reality (VR) to overcome this problem. We recorded electrophysiological brain activity during language processing in a well-controlled three-dimensional virtual audiovisual environment...
May 26, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
journal
journal
41023
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"