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Behavior Research Methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550658/are-subjective-ratings-of-metaphors-a-red-herring-the-big-two-dimensions-of-metaphoric-sentences
#1
Paul H Thibodeau, Les Sikos, Frank H Durgin
What makes some metaphors easier to understand than others? Several psycholinguistic dimensions have been identified as candidate answers to this question, including appeals to familiarity and aptness. One way to operationalize these dimensions is to collect ratings of them from naive participants. In this article, we question the construct validity of this approach. Do ratings of aptness actually reflect the aptness of the metaphors? Are ratings of aptness measuring something different from ratings of familiarity? With two experiments and an analysis of existing datasets, we argue that ratings of metaphoric sentences are confounded by how easily people are able to understand the sentences (processing fluency)...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550657/scoring-best-worst-data-in-unbalanced-many-item-designs-with-applications-to-crowdsourcing-semantic-judgments
#2
Geoff Hollis
Best-worst scaling is a judgment format in which participants are presented with a set of items and have to choose the superior and inferior items in the set. Best-worst scaling generates a large quantity of information per judgment because each judgment allows for inferences about the rank value of all unjudged items. This property of best-worst scaling makes it a promising judgment format for research in psychology and natural language processing concerned with estimating the semantic properties of tens of thousands of words...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550656/the-combined-use-of-virtual-reality-and-eeg-to-study-language-processing-in-naturalistic-environments
#3
Johanne Tromp, David Peeters, Antje S Meyer, Peter Hagoort
When we comprehend language, we often do this in rich settings where we can use many cues to understand what someone is saying. However, it has traditionally been difficult to design experiments with rich three-dimensional contexts that resemble our everyday environments, while maintaining control over the linguistic and nonlinguistic information that is available. Here we test the validity of combining electroencephalography (EEG) and virtual reality (VR) to overcome this problem. We recorded electrophysiological brain activity during language processing in a well-controlled three-dimensional virtual audiovisual environment...
May 26, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540511/timed-written-picture-naming-in-14-european-languages
#4
Mark Torrance, Guido Nottbusch, Rui A Alves, Barbara Arfé, Lucile Chanquoy, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, Ioannis Dimakos, Raquel Fidalgo, Jukka Hyönä, Ómar I Jóhannesson, George Madjarov, Dennis N Pauly, Per Henning Uppstad, Luuk van Waes, Michael Vernon, Åsa Wengelin
We describe the Multilanguage Written Picture Naming Dataset. This gives trial-level data and time and agreement norms for written naming of the 260 pictures of everyday objects that compose the colorized Snodgrass and Vanderwart picture set (Rossion & Pourtois in Perception, 33, 217-236, 2004). Adult participants gave keyboarded responses in their first language under controlled experimental conditions (N = 1,274, with subsamples responding in Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish)...
May 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536829/erratum-to-subjective-age-of-acquisition-norms-for-600-turkish-words-from-four-age-groups
#5
İlyas Göz, Ali I Tekcan, Aslı Aktan Erciyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523601/the-provo-corpus-a-large-eye-tracking-corpus-with-predictability-norms
#6
Steven G Luke, Kiel Christianson
This article presents the Provo Corpus, a corpus of eye-tracking data with accompanying predictability norms. The predictability norms for the Provo Corpus differ from those of other corpora. In addition to traditional cloze scores that estimate the predictability of the full orthographic form of each word, the Provo Corpus also includes measures of the predictability of the morpho-syntactic and semantic information for each word. This makes the Provo Corpus ideal for studying predictive processes in reading...
May 18, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488135/obat-an-open-source-and-low-cost-operant-box-for-auditory-discriminative-tasks
#7
Mauricio Watanabe Ribeiro, José Firmino Rodrigues Neto, Edgard Morya, Fabrício Lima Brasil, Mariana Ferreira Pereira de Araújo
Operant-conditioning boxes are widely used in animal training, allowing researchers to shape specific behaviors through reinforcements and/or punishments. Commercially available devices are expensive and run with proprietary software and hardware, hampering adaptations for the specific needs of an experiment. Therefore, many low-cost and open-source devices have recently been developed, but there are still few options for studying auditory behaviors. To overcome this problem, we developed a device based on a computer and an Arduino Mega 2560 board, named OBAT (Operant Box for Auditory Tasks), designed to present two different auditory stimuli to small primates...
May 9, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455795/bayes-factors-for-the-linear-ballistic-accumulator-model-of-decision-making
#8
Nathan J Evans, Scott D Brown
Evidence accumulation models of decision-making have led to advances in several different areas of psychology. These models provide a way to integrate response time and accuracy data, and to describe performance in terms of latent cognitive processes. Testing important psychological hypotheses using cognitive models requires a method to make inferences about different versions of the models which assume different parameters to cause observed effects. The task of model-based inference using noisy data is difficult, and has proven especially problematic with current model selection methods based on parameter estimation...
April 28, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455794/the-montreal-protocol-for-identification-of-amusia
#9
D T Vuvan, S Paquette, G Mignault Goulet, I Royal, M Felezeu, I Peretz
The Montreal Battery for the Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA; Peretz, Champod, & Hyde Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 999, 58-75, 2003) is an empirically grounded quantitative tool that is widely used to identify individuals with congenital amusia. The use of such a standardized measure ensures that the individuals tested will conform to a specific neuropsychological profile, allowing for comparisons across studies and research groups. Recently, a number of researchers have published credible critiques of the usefulness of the MBEA as a diagnostic tool for amusia...
April 28, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432569/are-multiple-trial-experiments-appropriate-for-eyewitness-identification-studies-accuracy-choosing-and-confidence-across-trials
#10
J K Mansour, J L Beaudry, R C L Lindsay
Eyewitness identification experiments typically involve a single trial: A participant views an event and subsequently makes a lineup decision. As compared to this single-trial paradigm, multiple-trial designs are more efficient, but significantly reduce ecological validity and may affect the strategies that participants use to make lineup decisions. We examined the effects of a number of forensically relevant variables (i.e., memory strength, type of disguise, degree of disguise, and lineup type) on eyewitness accuracy, choosing, and confidence across 12 target-present and 12 target-absent lineup trials (N = 349; 8,376 lineup decisions)...
April 21, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432568/the-musos-music-software-system-toolkit-a-computer-based-open-source-application-for-testing-memory-for-melodies
#11
M Rainsford, M A Palmer, G Paine
Despite numerous innovative studies, rates of replication in the field of music psychology are extremely low (Frieler et al., 2013). Two key methodological challenges affecting researchers wishing to administer and reproduce studies in music cognition are the difficulty of measuring musical responses, particularly when conducting free-recall studies, and access to a reliable set of novel stimuli unrestricted by copyright or licensing issues. In this article, we propose a solution for these challenges in computer-based administration...
April 21, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425059/graphcom-a-multidimensional-measure-of-graphic-complexity-applied-to-131-written-languages
#12
Li-Yun Chang, Yen-Chi Chen, Charles A Perfetti
We report a new multidimensional measure of visual complexity (GraphCom) that captures variability in the complexity of graphs within and across writing systems. We applied the measure to 131 written languages, allowing comparisons of complexity and providing a basis for empirical testing of GraphCom. The measure includes four dimensions whose value in capturing the different visual properties of graphs had been demonstrated in prior reading research-(1) perimetric complexity, sensitive to the ratio of a written form to its surrounding white space (Pelli, Burns, Farell, & Moore-Page, 2006); (2) number of disconnected components, sensitive to discontinuity (Gibson, 1969); (3) number of connected points, sensitive to continuity (Lanthier, Risko, Stolz, & Besner, 2009); and (4) number of simple features, sensitive to the strokes that compose graphs (Wu, Zhou, & Shu, 1999)...
April 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425058/finding-the-traces-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-processes-in-big-data-and-naturally-occurring-datasets
#13
Alexandra Paxton, Thomas L Griffiths
Today, people generate and store more data than ever before as they interact with both real and virtual environments. These digital traces of behavior and cognition offer cognitive scientists and psychologists an unprecedented opportunity to test theories outside the laboratory. Despite general excitement about big data and naturally occurring datasets among researchers, three "gaps" stand in the way of their wider adoption in theory-driven research: the imagination gap, the skills gap, and the culture gap...
April 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425057/quantifying-synergies-in-two-versus-one-situations-in-team-sports-an-example-from-rugby-union
#14
P Passos, J Milho, C Button
Collective behaviors in team sports result in players forming interpersonal synergies that contribute to performance goals. Because of the huge amount of variables that continuously constrain players' behavior during a game, the way that these synergies are formed remain unclear. Our aim was to quantify interpersonal synergies in the team sport of Rugby Union. For that purpose we used the Uncontrolled Manifold Hypothesis (UCM) to identify interpersonal synergies that are formed between ball carrier and support player in two-versus-one situations in Rugby Union...
April 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421548/erratum-to-a-database-of-body-only-computer-generated-pictures-of-women-for-body-image-studies-development-and-preliminary-validation
#15
Joanna M Moussally, Lucien Rochat, Andrés Posada, Martial Van der Linden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411335/development-of-a-puff-and-suction-type-pressure-stimulator-for-human-tactile-studies
#16
Hyung-Sik Kim, Mi-Hyun Choi, Soon-Cheol Chung
In this study, we developed a tactile stimulator capable of administering either puff- or suction-type stimuli. The system is composed of three parts: a control unit, an air-handling unit, and a stimulation unit. The control unit controls the type, intensity, and time of stimulation. The air-handling unit delivers the stimulation power quantitatively to the stimulation unit, as commanded by the control unit. The stimulation unit stably administers either type of pressure to the skin, without any change of the tactor...
April 14, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411334/normative-values-for-a-tablet-computer-based-application-to-assess-chromatic-contrast-sensitivity
#17
Lakshmi Bodduluri, Mei Ying Boon, Malcolm Ryan, Stephen J Dain
Tablet computer displays are amenable for the development of vision tests in a portable form. Assessing color vision using an easily accessible and portable test may help in the self-monitoring of vision-related changes in ocular/systemic conditions and assist in the early detection of disease processes. Tablet computer-based games were developed with different levels of gamification as a more portable option to assess chromatic contrast sensitivity. Game 1 was designed as a clinical version with no gaming elements...
April 14, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409487/scanpath-modeling-and-classification-with-hidden-markov-models
#18
Antoine Coutrot, Janet H Hsiao, Antoni B Chan
How people look at visual information reveals fundamental information about them; their interests and their states of mind. Previous studies showed that scanpath, i.e., the sequence of eye movements made by an observer exploring a visual stimulus, can be used to infer observer-related (e.g., task at hand) and stimuli-related (e.g., image semantic category) information. However, eye movements are complex signals and many of these studies rely on limited gaze descriptors and bespoke datasets. Here, we provide a turnkey method for scanpath modeling and classification...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409486/dutch-taboo-norms
#19
Sander A Roest, Tessa A Visser, René Zeelenberg
This article provides norms for general taboo, personal taboo, insult, valence, and arousal for 672 Dutch words, including 202 taboo words. Norms were collected using a 7-point Likert scale and based on ratings by psychology students from the Erasmus University Rotterdam in The Netherlands. The sample consisted of 87 psychology students (58 females, 29 males). We obtained high reliability based on split-half analyses. Our norms show high correlations with arousal and valence ratings collected by another Dutch word-norms study (Moors et al...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409485/cohesion-network-analysis-of-cscl-participation
#20
Mihai Dascalu, Danielle S McNamara, Stefan Trausan-Matu, Laura K Allen
The broad use of computer-supported collaborative-learning (CSCL) environments (e.g., instant messenger-chats, forums, blogs in online communities, and massive open online courses) calls for automated tools to support tutors in the time-consuming process of analyzing collaborative conversations. In this article, the authors propose and validate the cohesion network analysis (CNA) model, housed within the ReaderBench platform. CNA, grounded in theories of cohesion, dialogism, and polyphony, is similar to social network analysis (SNA), but it also considers text content and discourse structure and, uniquely, uses automated cohesion indices to generate the underlying discourse representation...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
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