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Psychiatry Investigation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695152/the-benefits-of-indirect-exposure-to-trauma-the-relationships-among-vicarious-posttraumatic-growth-social-support-and-resilience-in-ambulance-personnel-in-china
#1
Xiaofei Kang, Yueyan Fang, Sihan Li, Yadong Liu, Di Zhao, Xiujuan Feng, Yaqi Wang, Ping Li
Objective: Ambulance personnel who witness trauma experienced by patients have been reported to experience positive changes, known as vicarious posttraumatic growth (VPTG). We examined VPTG and its relationship with social support and resilience among ambulance personnel. Methods: The sample (n=227) was recruited from six emergency centers in China. The measures included the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), and the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10)...
April 27, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695151/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-reduces-hypnotic-prescriptions
#2
Kyung Mee Park, Tae Ho Kim, Woo Jung Kim, Suk Kyoon An, Kee Namkoong, Eun Lee
Objective: This study determined whether cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) decreased the need for sleep medications and produced better treatment outcomes than pharmacotherapy alone. Methods: We reviewed data from patients with insomnia in the outpatient clinic of a general hospital between 2009 and 2015. We compared 41 patients who received five sessions of CBT-i with 100 age- and sex-matched patients who received pharmacotherapy only. We evaluated the change in prescription for sleep (i...
April 27, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695150/modulation-of-electrophysiology-by-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Minah Kim, Yoo Bin Kwak, Tae Young Lee, Jun Soo Kwon
Objective: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique increasingly used to relieve symptoms of psychiatric disorders. Electrophysiologic markers, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related potentials (ERP), have high temporal resolution sensitive to detect plastic changes of the brain associated with symptomatic improvement following tDCS application. Methods: We performed systematic review to identify electrophysiological markers that reflect tDCS effects on plastic brain changes in psychiatric disorders...
April 27, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695149/changes-in-the-hippocampal-volume-and-shape-in-early-onset-mild-cognitive-impairment
#4
Seok Woo Moon, Boram Lee, Young Chil Choi
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the change in the hippocampal volume and shape in early-onset mild cognitive impairment (EO-MCI) associated with the APOE ε4 carrier state. Methods: This study had 50 subjects aged 55-63 years, all of whom were diagnosed with MCI at baseline via the Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet. The EO-MCI patients were divided into the MCI continued (MCIcont) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) converted (ADconv) groups 2 years later...
April 27, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674602/neuropsychological-performance-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-a-one-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Lucia Ioime, Riccardo Guglielmo, Giuseppe Fertonani Affini, Marianna Quatrale, Giovanni Martinotti, Antonino Callea, Evelina Savi, Luigi Janiri
Objective: Despite several studies that have highlighted the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on cognitive functions it remains unclear whether certain brain areas are more sensitive than others are or whether alcohol causes widespread cognitive deficit. Moreover, the role of continued abstinence has yet to be clarified regarding the quality of recovery on the different cognitive domains. The aim of this 1-year longitudinal study was to evaluate the recovery of cognitive deficits in the medium (6 months) and long term (12 months) after the interruption of drinking...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674601/the-relationship-between-the-number-of-manic-episodes-and-oxidative-stress-indicators-in-bipolar-disorder
#6
Süleyman Akarsu, Abdullah Bolu, Emre Aydemir, Selma Bozkurt Zincir, Yasemin Gülcan Kurt, Serkan Zincir, Murat Erdem, Özcan Uzun
Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mood disorder characterized by recurrent episodes that has a lifetime prevalence of 0.4- 5.5%. The neurochemical mechanism of BD is not fully understood. Oxidative stress in neurons causes lipid peroxidation in proteins associated with neuronal membranes and intracellular enzymes and it may lead to dysfunction in neurotransmitter reuptake and enzyme activities. These pathological processes are thought to occur in brain regions associated with affective functions and emotions in BD...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674599/development-and-a-pilot-application-process-of-the-korean-psychological-autopsy-checklist-for-adolescents
#7
Mina Jeon, Han Nah Cho, Soo Young Bhang, Jun Won Hwang, Eun Jin Park, Yeon Jung Lee
Objective: The aim of the study was to develop the Korean Psychological Autopsy Checklist for Adolescent (K-PAC-A) and conduct a pilot study. Methods: A number of steps were undertaken in the development of the K-PAC-A including literature reviews, consultations, and a pilot study. The Korean psychology autopsy checklist 2.0 (K-PAC 2.0) was carefully reviewed to adopt some domains and questions which can be applied to adolescents. Results: In addition to the adoption of some domains and questions from the K-PAC 2...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614853/a-functional-polymorphism-in-the-drd1-gene-that-modulates-its-regulation-by-mir-504-is-associated-with-depressive-symptoms
#8
Karen M Jiménez, Angela J Pereira-Morales, Diego A Forero
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine a possible association between depressive symptoms and a functional polymorphism (rs686) that modulates the regulation of DRD1 gene by miR-504. Methods: A total of 239 young Colombian subjects were evaluated with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale and genotyped for the rs686 polymorphism. A linear regression model, corrected by age and gender, was used. Results: A significant association between the rs686 polymorphism and PHQ-9 scores was found, under a dominant genetic model (p=0...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614852/advanced-daily-prediction-model-for-national-suicide-numbers-with-social-media-data
#9
Kyung Sang Lee, Hyewon Lee, Woojae Myung, Gil-Young Song, Kihwang Lee, Ho Kim, Bernard J Carroll, Doh Kwan Kim
Objective: Suicide is a significant public health concern worldwide. Social media data have a potential role in identifying high suicide risk individuals and also in predicting suicide rate at the population level. In this study, we report an advanced daily suicide prediction model using social media data combined with economic/meteorological variables along with observed suicide data lagged by 1 week. Methods: The social media data were drawn from weblog posts...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614851/the-make-biomarker-discovery-for-enhancing-antidepressant-treatment-effect-and-response-study-design-and-methodology
#10
Hee-Ju Kang, Ju-Wan Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Myung-Geun Shin, Jae-Min Kim
Objective: Depression is associated with a major disease burden, and many individuals suffer from depressive symptoms due to an insufficient response to ostensibly adequate antidepressant treatment. Therefore, it is important to identify reliable treatment response predictors for use in developing personalized treatment strategies. Methods: The MAKE Biomarker discovery for Enhancing anTidepressant Treatment Effect and Response (MAKE BETTER) study was performed to identify predictors of antidepressant response using a 2-year naturalistic prospective design...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614850/factor-analysis-of-delirium-in-elderly-using-the-korean-version-of-delirium-rating-scale-revised-98
#11
Gahye Noh, Insun Kwon, Miji Lee, So Hyun Ahn, Jeong Lan Kim
Objective: This study aimed to identify the core symptoms of delirium, particularly in elderly people associated with major risk factors, using the Korean version of the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98. Methods: The study sample consisted of 200 patients (mean age: 72.7±3.9 years, male: 68.5%) who had been diagnosed with delirium. Exploratory factor analysis was used to investigate the factor structure, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the goodness of fit of the results...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614849/efficacy-of-the-life-goal-focused-brief-intervention-among-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#12
Sung-Doo Won, Changwoo Han
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of the life goal-focused brief intervention, or the so-called the goal-focused self-regulation program (GFSRP), for patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Methods: The GFSRP was developed as an 8-week group-program, which is based on a wide range of self-regulation theories, such as goal setting and implementation intentions. Patients with AUD (n=50) took part in the GFSRP and were compared to the control group (n=48)...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593207/chasing-the-chameleon-psychogenic-paraparesis-responding-to-non-invasive-brain-stimulation
#13
Simona Portaro, Demetrio Milardi, Antonino Naro, Antonio Chillura, Francesco Corallo, Angelo Quartarone, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Neurologic symptoms that develop unconsciously and are incompatible with known pathophysiologic mechanisms or anatomic pathways belong to Conversion Disorder (CD). CD diagnosis is based on the clinical history and the exclusion of physical disorders causing significant distress or social and occupational impairment. In a subgroup of CD, called functional weakness (FW), symptoms affecting limbs may be persistent, thus causing a permanent or transient loss of limb function. Physiotherapy, pharmacotherapy, hypnotherapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have been proposed as treatment strategies for FW-CD...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593206/psychiatric-findings-in-suspected-and-confirmed-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-patients-quarantined-in-hospital-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#14
Hyun-Chung Kim, So-Young Yoo, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hyoung-Shik Shin
Objective: Little is known about the psychiatric complications or risk factors for depression in suspected or confirmed Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients quarantined in hospital. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all the patients admitted to the acute MERS inpatient unit at the NMC during the 2015 outbreak. Results: 30 (75%) were confirmed to be MERS-CoV positive among 40 admitted cases. Among the 24 MERS survivors, 17 (70...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593205/hypomania-in-bobble-head-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-surgically-treated-stereotypy-and-hypomania
#15
Myong Hun Hahm, Jungmin Woo, Ki Hong Kim
A 22-year-old man was admitted with gradually aggravating stereotypic head movement with hypomania. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large suprasellar arachnoid cyst extending into the third ventricle, with obstructive hydrocephalus, characteristic of bobble-head doll syndrome. Endoscopic fenestration of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst was performed. Stereotypic head movement stopped immediately after surgery and hypomanic symptoms gradually improved within a month. During 4 years of follow-up observation without medication, neuropsychiatric symptoms did not relapse...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593204/modafinil-dependence-a-case-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Huseyin Alacam, Omer Basay, Selim Tumkaya, Mehmet Mart, Gokce Kar
Modafinil is generally known as a drug with low addiction potential. There are few case reports in the literature demonstrating that Modafinil, stated being capable of diminishing symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), causes addiction. In the present article a Modafinil addicted ADHD case, consuming usurious doses (5,000 mg/per day) of Modafinil is presented. The case presented to our psychiatry outpatient clinic due to: requirement of in taking high dose Modafinil in order to achieve the initial effects, difficulty in obtaining the drug, irritability, anxiousness, sleep irregularities, fatigue and unpleasant vivid dreams when he did not use the drug...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551049/correlations-of-four-genetic-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Jun-Cheng Guo, Yi-Jun Yang, Min Guo, Xiao-Dan Wang, Yang Juan, Yun-Suo Gao, Lin-Qiu Fu, Xiang-Ling Jiang, Lin-Mei Fu, Tao Huang
Objective: To investigate the correlations of four genetic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: A total of 300 patients with sporadic PTSD and 150 healthy subjects (the control group) were selected according to the diagnostic criteria of PTSD (DSM-IV), and the genotypes of the BDNF SNPs G-712A, C270T, rs6265, and rs7103411 were detected by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing to determine intergroup differences in the genotypes and allele frequencies; the p values were corrected with the permutation test...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551048/impact-of-exposure-to-dim-light-at-night-on-sleep-in-female-and-comparison-with-male-subjects
#18
Chul-Hyun Cho, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Seung-Gul Kang, Leen Kim, Eun-Il Lee, Heon-Jeong Lee
Objective: Light pollution has become a social and health issue. We performed an experimental study to investigate impact of dim light at night (dLAN) on sleep in female subjects, with measurement of salivary melatonin. Methods: The 25 female subjects (Group A: 12; Group B: 13 subjects) underwent a nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG) session with no light (Night 1) followed by an NPSG session randomly assigned to two conditions (Group A: 5; Group B: 10 lux) during a whole night of sleep (Night 2)...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669411/already-but-not-yet-ending-unethical-practices-in-authorship
#19
Young-Chul Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669410/relationship-between-delusion-of-theft-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Hae-Ran Na, Dong Woo Kang, Young-Sup Woo, Won-Myong Bahk, Chang-Uk Lee, Hyun Kook Lim
Although delusion of theft (DT) is the most frequent type of delusion in Alzheimer's disease (AD), its relationship to cognitive functions remains unclear. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between DT and cognitive functions in mild AD. Two hundred eighty-nine mild AD patients were enrolled in this study. These subjects were classified into three groups: patients with no delusions (ND, n=82), patients with paranoid delusions (PD, n=114) and patients with DT (n=93). Cognitive functions and their associations with the degree of delusion were compared among the three groups...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
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