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Psychiatry Investigation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326123/relationship-between-depression-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#1
Young-Hoon Joo, Youn-Su Song, Chi-Un Pae
This study investigated the relationship between depression, somatization, anxiety, personality, and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). We prospectively analyzed 231 patients with symptoms with LPR using the laryngopharyngeal reflux symptom index and the reflux finding score. Seventy nine (34.2%) patients were diagnosed with LPR. A significant correlation was detected between the presence of LPR and total scores on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (5.6±5.3 vs. 4.0±4.6, p=0.017) and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (4...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326122/preliminary-study-on-quantitative-sleep-eeg-characteristics-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Seong Min Oh, Yu Jin Lee, Jong Won Kim, Jae Won Choi, Do-Un Jeong
We used quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) spectral analysis to compare activity in the bilateral frontal, central, and occipital areas in nine patients with schizophrenia and ten healthy control subjects during standard nocturnal polysomnography. Patients with schizophrenia had longer sleep latency than controls. In N2 sleep, the patients had significantly lower 0.5-1 Hz power and higher theta power in the left frontal region, and higher beta power in the left occipital region than did control subjects...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326121/relationship-between-school-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-among-multicultural-families-offspring-in-south-korea
#3
Cheol-Soon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Ji-Young Seo, In-Young Ahn, Soo-Young Bhang
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of school violence on depressive symptoms among the offspring of multicultural families in South Korea. Data from the National Survey of Multicultural Families 2012, conducted by the Korean Women's Development Institute and Statistics Korea, were used in this study. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to determine the effect of school violence on depressive mood. The survey participants were 3999 students between the ages of 9 and 24. Of the participants, 22...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326120/structural-mri-and-amyloid-pet-imaging-for-prediction-of-conversion-to-alzheimer-s-disease-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-meta-analysis
#4
Eun Hyun Seo, Woon Yeong Park, Il Han Choo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic values of biomarkers of neurodegeneration as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amyloid burden as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) in predicting conversion to Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for structural MRI or amyloid PET imaging studies published between January 2000 and July 2014 that reported conversion to AD in patients with MCI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326119/comparing-the-self-report-and-measured-smartphone-usage-of-college-students-a-pilot-study
#5
Heyoung Lee, Heejune Ahn, Trung Giang Nguyen, Sam-Wook Choi, Dae Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays smartphone overuse has become a social and medical concern. For the diagnosis and treatment, clinicians use the self-report information, but the report data often does not match actual usage pattern. The paper examines the similarity and variance in smartphone usage patterns between the measured data and self-reported data. METHODS: Together with the self-reported data, the real usage log data is collected from 35 college students in a metropolitan region of Northeast Asia, using Android smartphone monitoring application developed by the authors...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326118/spectral-analysis-of-polysomnography-in-narcolepsy
#6
Seok Ho Yun, Ho Dong Choi, Wan Seok Seo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify differences between people with narcolepsy and the normal control of delta and theta activity using electroencephalogram (EEG) spectrum analysis of nocturnal polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: Seven narcolepsy patients and seven age-sex matched normal controls underwent PSG and multiple sleep latency tests. Participants' non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep EEGs in PSG was analyzed using a Fast Fourier Transform technique...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326117/impaired-social-and-role-function-in-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-first-episode-schizophrenia-its-relations-with-negative-symptoms
#7
So Jung Lee, Kyung Ran Kim, Su Young Lee, Suk Kyoon An
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial dysfunction was a nettlesome of schizophrenia even in their prodromal phase as well as first episode and its relations with psychopathology were not determined. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the social and role function impairment was found in ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) individuals as well as first-episode schizophrenia patients and to explore its relations with psychopathology. METHODS: Thirty-seven normal controls, 63 UHR participants and 28 young, first-episode schizophrenia patients were recruited...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326116/comparison-of-wearable-activity-tracker-with-actigraphy-for-sleep-evaluation-and-circadian-rest-activity-rhythm-measurement-in-healthy-young-adults
#8
Hyun-Ah Lee, Heon-Jeong Lee, Joung-Ho Moon, Taek Lee, Min-Gwan Kim, Hoh In, Chul-Hyun Cho, Leen Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of data obtained from a wearable activity tracker (Fitbit Charge HR) to medical research. This was performed by comparing the wearable activity tracker (Fitbit Charge HR) with actigraphy (Actiwatch 2) for sleep evaluation and circadian rest-activity rhythm measurement. METHODS: Sixteen healthy young adults (female participants, 62.5%; mean age, 22.8 years) wore the Fitbit Charge HR and the Actiwatch 2 on the same wrist; a sleep log was recorded over a 14-day period...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326115/self-injury-and-suicide-attempt-in-relation-with-trauma-and-dissociation-among-adolescents-with-dissociative-and-non-dissociative-disorders
#9
Filiz Kılıç, Murat Coşkun, Hasan Bozkurt, İlyas Kaya, Salih Zoroğlu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of trauma and dissociation over self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and suicide attempts (SA) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 207 adolescents participated in the study. After conducting diagnostic interview, participants were divided into five groups as subjects with dissociative disorders (DD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders (AD), and a control group (CG) without any psychiatric disorder...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#10
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326113/factors-that-affect-the-adherence-to-adhd-medications-during-a-treatment-continuation-period-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-using-korean-health-insurance-data-from-2007-to-2011
#11
Soo-Young Bhang, Young Sook Kwack, Yoo-Sook Joung, Soyoung Irene Lee, Bongseog Kim, Seok Han Sohn, Un-Sun Chung, Jaewon Yang, Minha Hong, Geon Ho Bahn, Hyung-Yun Choi, In Hwan Oh, Yeon Jung Lee, Jun-Won Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Several factors, such as male gender, older age, type of insurance, comorbid conditions, and medication type, have been associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication adherence rates, but the results have been inconsistent. We analyzed data to answer several questions: 1) How old were patients who first refilled their treatment medications used primarily for ADHD, regardless of the medication type? 2) What socio-demographic factors are associated with medication adherence? 3) What medical conditions, such as medication type and comorbid diagnosis, influence adherence? METHODS: We analyzed National Health Insurance data, which comprised continuously enrolled Korean National Medical Insurance children (6-18 years) with at least 2 ADHD prescription claims (January 2008-December 2011)...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326112/associations-of-upper-arm-and-thigh-circumferences-with-dementia-and-depression-in-korean-elders
#12
Yong-Seong Lee, Sang-Dae Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported an association between weight loss and cognitive impairment. Changes in anthropometric measurements, such as arm and thigh circumferences, are associated with body mass changes and physical activity. Our aim was to investigate the association of upper arm and thigh circumferences with dementia and depression in the community-dwelling elderly population. METHODS: In total, 2,498 community residents aged 65 years or over were clinically assessed for dementia using the Korean version of the Community Screening Interview for Dementia...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#13
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326110/relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-suicidality-and-bipolarity-a-retrospective-study
#14
Young-Min Park
OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to determine whether childhood maltreatment contributes to the occurrence of major depressive disorder (MDD) with bipolarity or suicidality. METHODS: In total, 132 outpatients diagnosed with MDD between 2014 and 2015 on the medical records were included. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of childhood maltreatment (CM group) and no childhood maltreatment (NCM group). Depression severity and bipolarity were identified using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Korean version of Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ) respectively on the medical records...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326109/effects-of-education-on-differential-item-functioning-on-the-15-item-modified-korean-version-of-the-boston-naming-test
#15
Byung-Soo Kim, Dong-Woo Lee, Jae-Nam Bae, Ji-Hyun Kim, Shinkyum Kim, Ki Woong Kim, Jee-Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho, Sung Man Chang
OBJECTIVE: Education is expected to have an effect on differential item functioning (DIF) on the 15-item Modified Boston Naming Test in the Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet (BNT-KC). However, no study has examined DIF in the BNT-KC. METHODS: We used the item response theory to investigate the impact of education on the DIF in the BNT-KC among elderly individuals with or without dementia (n=720). A two-parameter item response model was used to determine the difficulty and discrimination parameters of each item...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#16
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326107/factors-related-to-noncompliance-in-screening-and-tracking-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-in-a-single-community
#17
Chanmin Park, Won Sub Kang, Jong Woo Kim, Jong-Woo Paik, Young Jong Kim, Jun Hee Jeon, Mee Ae Lee, Jae Gwang Kim, Ji Young Song
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cumulative conversion rates (CCR) from minor cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia among individuals who failed to participate in annual screening for dementia. Additionally, we analyzed the reasons for failing to receive follow-up screening in order to develop better strategies for improving follow-up screening rates. METHODS: We contacted MCI patients who had not visited the Dongdaemun-gu Center for Dementia for annual screening during the year following their registration...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096883/reconsidering-clinical-staging-model-a-case-of-genetic-high-risk-for-schizophrenia
#18
Tae Young Lee, Minah Kim, Sung Nyun Kim, Jun Soo Kwon
The clinical staging model is considered a useful and practical method not only in dealing with the early stage of psychosis overcoming the debate about diagnostic boundaries but also in emerging mood disorder. However, its one limitation is that it cannot discriminate the heterogeneity of individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis, but lumps them all together. Even a healthy offspring of schizophrenia can eventually show clinical symptoms and progress to schizophrenia under the influence of genetic vulnerability and environmental stress even after the peak age of onset of schizophrenia...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096882/design-and-methods-of-the-mood-disorder-cohort-research-consortium-mdcrc-study
#19
Chul-Hyun Cho, Yong-Min Ahn, Se Joo Kim, Tae Hyun Ha, Hong Jin Jeon, Boseok Cha, Eunsoo Moon, Dong Yeon Park, Ji Hyun Baek, Hee-Ju Kang, Vin Ryu, Hyonggin An, Heon-Jeong Lee
The Mood Disorder Cohort Research Consortium (MDCRC) study is designed as a naturalistic observational prospective cohort study for early-onset mood disorders (major depressive disorders, bipolar disorders type 1 and 2) in South Korea. The study subjects consist of two populations: 1) patients with mood disorders under 25 years old and 2) patients with mood disorders within 2 years of treatment under 35 years old. After successful screening, the subjects are evaluated using baseline assessments and serial follow-up assessments at 3-month intervals...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096881/design-and-methodology-of-the-korean-early-psychosis-cohort-study
#20
Sung-Wan Kim, Bong Ju Lee, Jung Jin Kim, Je-Chun Yu, Kyu Young Lee, Seung-Hee Won, Seung-Hwan Lee, Seung-Hyun Kim, Shi Hyun Kang, Young-Chul Chung
The present study details the rationale and methodology of the Korean Early Psychosis Cohort Study (KEPS), which is a clinical cohort investigation of first episode psychosis patients from a Korean population. The KEPS is a prospective naturalistic observational cohort study that follows the participants for at least 2 years. This study includes patients between 18 and 45 years of age who fulfill the criteria for one of schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders according to the diagnostic criteria of DSM-5...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
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