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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071711/environmental-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-and-bone-fractures
#1
Motoyuki Nakao, Yoko Ishihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071710/environmental-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-and-bone-fractures
#2
Vu H Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071709/horses-as-a-potential-reservoir-of-lyme-borreliosis-in-jeju-do-korea
#3
Jong-Myon Bae
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common tick-borne infectious disease in North America, and it was designated as a national notifiable infectious disease in Korea in December 2010. While no cases in Jeju-do were recorded from 2012 to 2016, a recent survey reported that the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in horses in Jeju-do was 19.0% (95% confidence interval, 12.0 to 28.3%). This fact suggests that horses may be a potential reservoir of LB in Jeju-do and that individuals in close contact with horses may be a high-risk group...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071708/regimen-related-mortality-risk-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-using-hypertonic-glucose-solution-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Chinakorn Sujimongkol, Cholatip Pongskul, Supannee Promthet
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to quantify the risk of mortality linked to various regimens of hypertonic peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients using home-based PD was carried out. The prescribed regimen of glucose-based PD solution for all patients, determined on the basis of their individual conditions, was extracted from their medical chart records. The primary outcome was death. The treatment regimens were categorized into 3 groups according to the type of PD solution used: original PD (1...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071707/urinary-mercury-levels-among-workers-in-e-waste-shops-in-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-thailand
#5
Somsiri Decharat
OBJECTIVES: To determine urinary mercury levels in e-waste workers in Southern Thailand and the airborne mercury levels in the e-waste shops where they worked, to describe the associations between urinary and airborne mercury levels, and to evaluate the prevalence of mercury exposure-related health effects among e-waste workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 79 workers in 25 e-waste shops who lived in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071706/how-much-do-older-adults-living-alone-in-rural-south-korea-know-about-dementia
#6
Mi Sook Kim, Dong-Soo Shin, Yong-Jun Choi, Jin Soon Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the level of dementia knowledge of older Korean adults living alone in rural areas and to identify related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied. The participants were 231 older adults living alone who were recruited from 12 of the 13 primary health care posts in the rural area of Chuncheon. Participants' level of dementia knowledge was assessed using the Dementia Knowledge Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the t -test, analysis of variance, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were applied...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071705/determinants-of-potentially-unnecessary-cervical-cancer-screenings-in-american-women
#7
Munseok Seo, James Langabeer
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors responsible for potentially clinically unnecessary cervical cancer screenings in women with prior hysterectomy. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). This study targeted adult women and examined whether they received a both a Papanicolaou (Pap) test and undergone a hysterectomy in the last three years. We conducted multivariate analyses, including weighted proportions and odds ratios (ORs), based on the modified BRFSS weighting method (raking)...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071704/factors-influencing-vaccination-in-korea-findings-from-focus-group-interviews
#8
Bomi Park, Eun Jeong Choi, Bohyun Park, Hyejin Han, Su Jin Cho, Hee Jung Choi, Seonhwa Lee, Hyesook Park
OBJECTIVES: Immunization is considered one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions protecting communities from preventable infectious diseases. The Korean government set up a dedicated workforce for national immunization in 2003, and since then has made strides in improving vaccination coverage across the nation. However, some groups remain relatively vulnerable and require intervention, and it is necessary to address unmet needs to prevent outbreaks of communicable diseases...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071703/researches-of-epigenetic-epidemiology-for-infections-and-radiation-as-carcinogen
#9
Jong-Myon Bae
In recent years, a number of studies have been reported on the various types of cancer arising from epigenetic alterations, including reports that these epigenetic alterations occur as a result of radiation exposure or infection. Thyroid cancer and breast cancer, in particular, have high cancer burden, and it has been confirmed that radiation exposure or onco-viral infection are linked to increased risk of development of these two types of cancer, respectively. Thus, the environment-epigenetic alteration-cancer occurrence (EEC) hypothesis has been suggested...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886712/the-pyramid-of-injury-estimation-of-the-scale-of-adolescent-injuries-according-to-severity
#10
Hyejin Han, Bomi Park, Bohyun Park, Namsoo Park, Ju Ok Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Yang Ju Tak, Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park
OBJECTIVES: Due to their developmental characteristics, adolescents have a higher probability than other age groups of experiencing injuries caused by accidents, violence, and intentional self-harm. The severity and characteristics of injuries vary by the intentionality and mechanism of injury; therefore, there is a need for a national-level estimate of the scale and the severity of injuries in adolescents that takes these factors into account. METHODS: By using data from the Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance Data, National Emergency Department Information System, the Korean National Hospital Discharge In-depth Injury Survey, and cause of death statistics, we calculated the emergency department (ED) visit rate, hospitalization rate, and death rate of injuries per 100 000 adolescents for each injury mechanism...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886711/probability-of-early-retirement-among-emergency-physicians
#11
Jaemyeong Shin, Yun Jeong Kim, Jong Kun Kim, Dong Eun Lee, Sungbae Moon, Jae Young Choe, Won Kee Lee, Hyung Min Lee, Kwang Hyun Cho
OBJECTIVES: Early retirement occurs when one's job satisfaction suffers due to employment mismatch resulting from factors such as inadequate compensation. Medical doctors report high levels of job stress and burnout relative to other professionals. These levels are highest among emergency physicians (EPs), and despite general improvements in their working conditions, early retirement continues to become more common in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing EPs intention to retire early and to develop a probability equation for its prediction...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886710/malaria-risk-factors-in-kaligesing-purworejo-district-central-java-province-indonesia-a-case-control-study
#12
Pratiwi Cahyaningrum, Sulistyawati Sulistyawati
OBJECTIVES: Malaria remains a public health concern worldwide, including Indonesia. Purworejo is a district in which endemic of malaria, they have re-setup to entering malaria elimination in 2021. Accordingly, actions must be taken to accelerate and guaranty that the goal will reach based on an understanding of the risk factors for malaria. Thus, we analysed malaria risk factors based on human and housing conditions in Kaligesing, Purworejo, Indonesia. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in Kaligesing subdistrict, Purworejo, Indonesia in July to August 2017...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886709/effects-of-air-pollution-on-public-and-private-health-expenditures-in-iran-a-time-series-study-1972-2014
#13
Pouran Raeissi, Touraj Harati-Khalilabad, Aziz Rezapour, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Abdoreza Mousavi, Saeed Khodabakhshzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Environmental pollution is a negative consequence of the development process, and many countries are grappling with this phenomenon. As a developing country, Iran is not exempt from this rule, and Iran pays huge expenditures for the consequences of pollution. The aim of this study was to analyze the long- and short-run impact of air pollution, along with other health indicators, on private and public health expenditures. METHODS: This study was an applied and developmental study...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886708/the-impact-of-air-pollution-including-asian-sand-dust-on-respiratory-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-in-korea-a-panel-study
#14
Motoyuki Nakao, Yoko Ishihara, Cheol-Hong Kim, In-Gyu Hyun
OBJECTIVES: Air pollution is a growing concern in Korea because of transboundary air pollution from mainland China. A panel study was conducted to clarify the effects of air pollution on respiratory symptoms and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in outpatients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Korea. METHODS: Patients filled out a questionnaire including self-reported HR-QoL in February and were followed up in May and July. The study was conducted from 2013 to 2015, with different participants each year...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886707/knowledge-perceptions-and-self-reported-performance-of-hand-hygiene-among-registered-nurses-at-community-based-hospitals-in-the-republic-of-korea-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study
#15
Hyang Soon Oh
OBJECTIVES: To assess the nurses' hand hygiene (HH) knowledge, perception, attitude, and self-reported performance in small- and medium-sized hospitals after Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak. METHODS: The structured questionnaire was adapted from the World Health Organization's survey. Data were collected between June 26 and July 14, 2017. RESULTS: Nurses showed scores on knowledge (17.6±2.5), perception (69.3±0.8), self-reported HH performance of non-self (86...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631352/effects-of-iranian-economic-reforms-on-equity-in-social-and-healthcare-financing-a-segmented-regression-analysis
#16
Hamed Zandian, Amirhossein Takian, Arash Rashidian, Mohsen Bayati, Telma Zahirian Moghadam, Satar Rezaei, Alireza Olyaeemanesh
Objectives: One of the main objectives of the Targeted Subsidies Law (TSL) in Iran was to improve equity in healthcare financing. This study aimed at measuring the effects of the TSL, which was implemented in Iran in 2010, on equity in healthcare financing. Methods: Segmented regression analysis was applied to assess the effects of TSL implementation on the Gini and Kakwani indices of outcome variables in Iranian households. Data for the years 1977-2014 were retrieved from formal databases...
March 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631351/barriers-to-health-service-utilization-among-iranian-female-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study
#17
Mehran Asadi-Aliabadi, Jamileh Abolghasemi, Shahnaz Rimaz, Reza Majdzadeh, Fereshteh Rostami-Maskopaee, Effat Merghati-Khoei
Objectives: In most countries around the world, sex work is an illegal activity. Female sex workers (FSWs) in Iran hide their identities, and they are known to be a hard-to-reach population. Despite free access to HIV testing, fewer than half of FSWs receive HIV testing. The purpose of this study was to characterize the reasons for which FSWs do not seek testing at drop-in centers (DICs) and voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) centers in Iran. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631350/differential-association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-albuminuria-by-sex-in-the-korean-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#18
Yongwoo Jeon, Jaeyong Shin, Jong Hyun Jhee, Youngdae Cho, Eun-Cheol Park
Objectives: Albuminuria has emerged as a biomarker for several medical conditions, and vitamin D has received attention due to its associations with various disorders. We evaluated the association between low serum vitamin D levels and prevalent albuminuria by sex in the Korean general population. Methods: We analyzed 9823 participants (4401 males, 5422 females) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 (KNHANES V-2), and categorized them as having a normal range of vitamin D levels, vitamin D insufficiency, or vitamin D deficiency...
March 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631349/family-members-of-cancer-patients-in-korea-are-at-an-increased-risk-of-medically-diagnosed-depression
#19
Youngdae Cho, Yongwoo Jeon, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
Objectives: Family members are often cancer patients' primary source of social and emotional support and make a major contribution to how well patients manage their illness. We compared the prevalence of depression in the family members of cancer patients and the general population. Methods: This study used the data from the fourth, fifth, and sixth rounds of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The variable of interest was the presence of a cohabitating cancer patient in the family and the dependent variable was the presence of diagnosed depression...
March 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631348/areca-nut-chewing-and-the-risk-of-re-hospitalization-and-mortality-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-pakistan
#20
Muhammad Tariq Karim, Sumera Inam, Tariq Ashraf, Nadia Shah, Syed Omair Adil, Kashif Shafique
Objectives: Areca nut is widely consumed in many parts of the world, especially in South and Southeast Asia, where cardiovascular disease (CVD) is also a huge burden. Among the forms of CVD, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Research has shown areca nut chewing to be associated with diabetes, hypertension, oropharyngeal and esophageal cancers, and CVD, but little is known about mortality and re-hospitalization secondary to ACS among areca nut users and non-users...
March 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
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