journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cellular & Molecular Immunology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090093/upar-promotes-tumor-like-biologic-behaviors-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-through-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Yan Liu, Yun Feng Pan, You-Qiu Xue, Lin-Kai Fang, Xing-Hua Guo, Xin Guo, Meng Liu, Bi-Yao Mo, Meng-Ru Yang, Fang Liu, Yun-Ting Wu, Nancy Olsen, Song Guo Zheng
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), is a multifunctional receptor on cell surface, widely present in endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and a variety of malignant cells. Current studies have suggested that uPAR overexpressed on synovial tissues or in synovial fluid or plasma in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there are limited researches regarding the role of uPAR on fibroblast-like synoviocytes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA-FLSs) and its underlying mechanisms. Here, our studies show that the expression of uPAR protein was significantly higher in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from RA than those from osteoarthritis or traumatic injury patients...
January 16, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065940/cd24-aggravates-acute-liver-injury-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-by-promoting-ifn-%C3%AE-production-by-cd4-t-cells
#2
Chenhong Zheng, Shulei Yin, Yang Yang, Yizhi Yu, Xiaohua Xie
The T-cell-mediated immune response is implicated in many clinical hepatic injuries, such as autoimmune hepatitis and acute virus hepatitis. CD24 is widely expressed by different immune cells and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases. However, the role of CD24 in T-cell-mediated liver injury has not been elucidated until now. Here we showed that CD24 deficiency protects mice from concanavalin A (ConA)-induced fulminant liver injury by reducing serum interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels...
January 9, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065939/an-expanding-stage-for-commensal-microbes-in-host-immune-regulation
#3
REVIEW
Yan Shi, Libing Mu
Gastrointestinal commensal microbiota is a concentrated mix of microbial life forms, including bacteria, fungi, archaea and viruses. These life forms are targets of host antimicrobial defense in order to establish a homeostatic symbiosis inside the host. However, they are also instrumental in shaping the functions of our immune system via a diverse set of communication mechanisms. In the gut, T helper 17, regulatory T and B cells are continuously tuned by specific microbial strains and metabolic processes. These cells in return help to establish a mutually beneficial exchange with the gut microbial contents...
January 9, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042143/mesenchymal-stem-cells-ameliorate-b-cell-mediated-immune-responses-and-increase-il-10-expressing-regulatory-b-cells-in-an-ebi3-dependent-manner
#4
Kyung-Ah Cho, Jun-Kyu Lee, Yu-Hee Kim, Minhwa Park, So-Youn Woo, Kyung-Ha Ryu
Effector B cells are central contributors to the development of autoimmune disease by activating autoreactive T cells, producing pro-inflammatory cytokines and organizing ectopic lymphoid tissue. Conversely, IL-10-producing regulatory B (Breg) cells have pivotal roles in maintaining immunological tolerance and restraining excessive inflammation in autoinflammatory disease. Thus, regulating the equilibrium between antibody-producing effector B cells and Breg cells is critical for the treatment of autoimmune disease...
January 2, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017960/concerning-the-kir-gene-frequencies-reported-by-dr-araujo-et-al
#5
Hugo Vicentin Alves, Eliane Papa Ambrosio-Albuquerque, Luciana Conci Macedo, Ana Maria Sell, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017959/interleukin-33-in-the-pathogenesis-of-liver-fibrosis-alarming-ilc2-and-hepatic-stellate-cells
#6
Ralf Weiskirchen, Frank Tacke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890919/human-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-subsets-and-their-involvement-in-tumor-immunity
#7
REVIEW
Dang Wu, Pin Wu, Fuming Qiu, Qichun Wei, Jian Huang
γδT cells are a conserved population of innate lymphocytes with diverse structural and functional heterogeneity that participate in various immune responses during tumor progression. γδT cells perform potent immunosurveillance by exerting direct cytotoxicity, strong cytokine production and indirect antitumor immune responses. However, certain γδT-cell subsets also contribute to tumor progression by facilitating cancer-related inflammation and immunosuppression. Here, we review recent observations regarding the antitumor and protumor roles of major structural and functional subsets of human γδT cells, describing how these subsets are activated and polarized, and how these events relate to subsequent function in tumor immunity...
November 28, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867197/p38%C3%AE-has-an-important-role-in-antigen-cross-presentation-by-dendritic-cells
#8
Yifan Zhou, Jianfeng Wu, Chunxiao Liu, Xueheng Guo, Xinyi Zhu, Yuan Yao, Yuhao Jiao, Peng He, Jiahuai Han, Li Wu
The role of the p38 signaling pathway in the innate and adaptive immune responses has been well documented, especially in inflammatory cytokine production by dendritic cells (DCs). However, whether the p38 signaling pathway affects the important antigen (Ag) presentation function of DCs remains largely unknown. In this study, we reported that the deletion of p38α resulted in an impaired cross-presentation ability of CD8(+) conventional DCs (cDCs) and a reduction in the direct presentation ability of CD8(-) cDCs ex vivo...
November 21, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867196/extracellular-adp-facilitates-monocyte-recruitment-in-bacterial-infection-via-erk-signaling
#9
Xiaoyu Zhang, Juliang Qin, Junyan Zou, Zhangsheng Lv, Binghe Tan, Jueping Shi, Yihan Zhao, Hua Ren, Mingyao Liu, Min Qian, Bing Du
As the most prominent clinical drug targets for the inhibition of platelet aggregation, P2Y12 and P2Y13 have been found to be highly expressed in both platelets and macrophages. However, the roles and function of P2Y12/13 in the regulation of macrophage-mediated innate immune responses remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), the endogenous ligand of P2Y1, P2Y12 and P2Y13, was released both in E. coli-infected mice and from macrophages treated with either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or Pam3CSK4...
November 21, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796286/respective-il-17a-production-by-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-and-th17-cells-and-its-implication-in-host-defense-against-chlamydial-lung-infection
#10
Hong Bai, Xiaoling Gao, Lei Zhao, Ying Peng, Jie Yang, Sai Qiao, Huili Zhao, Shuhe Wang, YiJun Fan, Antony George Joyee, Zhi Yao, Xi Yang
The role of IL-17A is important in protection against lung infection with Chlamydiae, an obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen. In this study, we explored the producers of IL-17A in chlamydial lung infection and specifically tested the role of major IL-17A producers in protective immunity. We found that γδT cells and Th17 cells are the major producers of IL-17A at the early and later stages of chlamydial infection, respectively. Depletion of γδT cells in vivo at the early postinfection (p.i.) stage, when most γδT cells produce IL-17A, failed to alter Th1 responses and bacterial clearance...
October 31, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796285/il-17a-%C3%A2-th17-in-gvhd
#11
Yongxia Wu, Xue-Zhong Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796284/modulation-of-host-signaling-in-the-inflammatory-response-by-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-virulence-proteins
#12
Xiaonan Zhuang, Zijuan Chen, Chenxi He, Lin Wang, Ruixue Zhou, Dapeng Yan, Baoxue Ge
To successfully infect host cells and evade the host immune response, a type III secretion system (T3SS) is commonly used by enteric bacterial pathogens such as enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). Recent findings have revealed that various effectors are injected into host cells through the T3SS and exert an inhibitory effect on inflammatory signaling pathways, subverting the immune responses to these pathogens. Here we review recent studies aimed at addressing the modulation of several important inflammatory signaling pathways modulated by EPEC effector proteins, such as the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, which provides insight into the unfinished work in this unexplored field and helps to identify novel positions in inflammatory signaling networks for EPEC effectors...
October 31, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721456/pattern-recognition-receptors-in-zebrafish-provide-functional-and-evolutionary-insight-into-innate-immune-signaling-pathways
#13
REVIEW
Yajuan Li, Yuelong Li, Xiaocong Cao, Xiangyu Jin, Tengchuan Jin
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and their signaling pathways have essential roles in recognizing various components of pathogens as well as damaged cells and triggering inflammatory responses that eliminate invading microorganisms and damaged cells. The zebrafish relies heavily on these primary defense mechanisms against pathogens. Here, we review the major PRR signaling pathways in the zebrafish innate immune system and compare these signaling pathways in zebrafish and humans to reveal their evolutionary relationship and better understand their innate immune defense mechanisms...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569562/hmgb1-il-1%C3%AE-il-33-and-s100-proteins-dual-function-alarmins
#14
REVIEW
Damien Bertheloot, Eicke Latz
Our immune system is based on the close collaboration of the innate and adaptive immune systems for the rapid detection of any threats to the host. Recognition of pathogen-derived molecules is entrusted to specific germline-encoded signaling receptors. The same receptors have now also emerged as efficient detectors of misplaced or altered self-molecules that signal tissue damage and cell death following, for example, disruption of the blood supply and subsequent hypoxia. Many types of endogenous molecules have been shown to provoke such sterile inflammatory states when released from dying cells...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569560/cd4-and-cd8-t-cells-mediate-distinct-lethal-meningoencephalitis-in-mice-challenged-with-tacaribe-arenavirus
#15
Derek Dc Ireland, Cecilia Tami, Joao Pedras-Vasconcelos, Daniela Verthelyi
Neonates are at increased risk of viral encephalopathies that can result in neurological dysfunction, seizures, permanent disability and even death. The neurological damage results from the combined effect of the virus and the immune response it elicits, thus finding tools to facilitate viral clearance from central nervous system (CNS) while minimizing neuron damage remains a critical challenge. Neonatal mice inoculated intraperitoneally with Tacaribe virus (TCRV) develop seizures, hindlimb paralysis and death within 15 days of inoculation...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545072/innate-immunity-and-inflammation
#16
EDITORIAL
Tsan Sam Xiao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545071/outrunning-the-red-queen-bystander-activation-as-a-means-of-outpacing-innate-immune-subversion-by-intracellular-pathogens
#17
REVIEW
Alicia M Holmgren, Cameron A McConkey, Sunny Shin
Originally described by the late evolutionary biologist Leigh Van Valen, the Red Queen hypothesis posits that the evolutionary arms race between hosts and their pathogens selects for discrete, genetically encoded events that lead to competitive advantages over the other species. Examples of immune evasion strategies are seen throughout the co-evolution of the mammalian immune system and pathogens, such as the enzymatic inactivation of nuclear factor-κB signaling or host translation by pathogen-encoded virulence factors...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524110/the-aim2-inflammasome-is-a-central-regulator-of-intestinal-homeostasis-through-the-il-18-il-22-stat3-pathway
#18
Rojo A Ratsimandresy, Mohanalaxmi Indramohan, Andrea Dorfleutner, Christian Stehlik
Inflammasomes are important for maintaining intestinal homeostasis, and dysbiosis contributes to the pathology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and increases the risk for colorectal cancer. Inflammasome defects contribute to chronic intestinal inflammation and increase the susceptibility to colitis in mice. However, the inflammasome sensor absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) protects against colorectal cancer in an inflammasome-independent manner through DNA-dependent protein kinase and Akt pathways. Yet, the roles of the AIM2 inflammasome in IBD and the early phases of colorectal cancer remain ill-defined...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374795/sam68-is-a-regulator-of-toll-like-receptor-signaling
#19
Jeffrey A Tomalka, Tristan J de Jesus, Parameswaran Ramakrishnan
Recognition of pathogens by Toll-like receptors (TLR) activate multiple signaling cascades and expression of genes tailored to mount a primary immune response, inflammation, cell survival and apoptosis. Although TLR-induced activation of pathways, such as nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), has been well studied, molecular entities controlling quantitative regulation of these pathways during an immune response remain poorly defined. We identified Sam68 as a novel regulator of TLR-induced NF-κB and MAPK activation...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345727/post-translational-regulation-of-inflammasomes
#20
REVIEW
Jie Yang, Zhonghua Liu, Tsan Sam Xiao
Inflammasomes play essential roles in immune protection against microbial infections. However, excessive inflammation is implicated in various human diseases, including autoinflammatory syndromes, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, cardiovascular disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, precise regulation of inflammasome activities is critical for adequate immune protection while limiting collateral tissue damage. In this review, we focus on the emerging roles of post-translational modifications (PTMs) that regulate activation of the NLRP3, NLRP1, NLRC4, AIM2 and IFI16 inflammasomes...
January 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
journal
journal
41009
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"