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Sexual Health

Carmen H Logie, Kathleen S Kenny, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Tyrone Ellis, Annecka Marshall
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at elevated risk for sexually transmissible infection (STI) acquisition globally. Yet, limited research has explored STI testing practices among MSM in contexts where same-sex practices are criminalised, such as in Jamaica. METHODS: A cross-sectional, tablet-based survey with MSM in Kingston, Ocho Rios and Montego Bay, Jamaica, was conducted. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the adjusted risk ratio for lifetime STI testing and lifetime STI diagnosis...
June 21, 2018: Sexual Health
Larissa Lewis, Julie Mooney Somers, Rebecca Guy, Lucy Watchirs-Smith, S Rachel Skinner
Background: There are wide variations in the reported prevalence of exposure to sexual content online, but the literature tends not to distinguish between intended and unintended exposure. Moreover, there is little research exploring the pathways through which exposure occurs or descriptions of such content. While there is much public concern regarding exposure to sexual content, Australian students receive little or no education on mitigating the effect of sexual content online. Methods: Eleven focus group discussions with high school students aged 14-18 years were conducted to discover young people's experiences of exposure to sexual content in social media...
June 21, 2018: Sexual Health
Anne M Rompalo, Neko Castleberry, Lea Widdice, Jay Schulkin, Charlotte A Gaydos
Background: Point-of-care tests (POCTs) for reproductive health conditions have existed for decades. Newer POCTs for syphilis, HIV and trichomonas are currently available and easy to use. We surveyed practicing obstetricians and gynaecologists to determine current POCT use and perceived obstacles to use. Methods: Between June and August 2016, 1000 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists were randomly selected and invited to complete a Qualtrics (222 West river Park Drive, Provo, Utah 84604, USA) survey; 600 of these were members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network...
June 19, 2018: Sexual Health
Guoyu Tao, Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Eleanor Fridman, Maria Aslam, Abigail H Viall, Patricia Dietz, Thomas L Gift
We used the 2013 Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) database to estimate chlamydia testing rates separately for sexually active women aged 15-25 years who had, or had not, given birth in 2013. Approximately 9.2% of sexually active women aged 15-25 years gave birth in 2013. The Healthcare Effectiveness Data Information Set (HEDIS) annual chlamydia testing rate was significantly higher among women who had given birth than women who had not in 2013 (59.7 vs 29.4%, P<0.05). Our findings suggest a need for more research to understand how differences in population mix changes and preventive screening practices for pregnant and non-pregnant women affect publicly reported chlamydia screening rates...
June 4, 2018: Sexual Health
H Rhodes Hambrick, Su Hyun Park, Joseph J Palamar, Anthony Estreet, John A Schneider, Dustin T Duncan
The use of inhaled nitrites, or poppers, among men who have sex with men (MSM) is prevalent, yet has been associated with HIV seroconversion. We surveyed 580 MSM from a geosocial networking smartphone application in Paris, France, in 2016. Of the respondents, 46.7% reported popper use within the previous 3 months. Regression models adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics found that the use of poppers was significantly (P<0.05) associated with the following during the prior 3 months: condomless anal intercourse (adjusted relative risk (aRR) 1...
June 1, 2018: Sexual Health
Georgia Ride, Danielle C Newton
Background: There is a lack of research on young people with physical disabilities' access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in Australia. Research has found that there are attitudinal, physical and communication barriers for people with disability, in general, accessing health services, including SRH services. This paper explores key informant perceptions of the barriers and enablers to young people with physical disabilities accessing SRH services in Australia. Methods: This research used a qualitative approach and involved semi-structured interviews with key informants...
June 1, 2018: Sexual Health
Caitlin H Douglass, Cassandra J C Wright, Angela C Davis, Megan S C Lim
Background: Technology-facilitated sexual harassment is an emerging phenomenon. This study investigates correlates of sexual harassment among young Australians. Methods: Participants aged 15-29 were recruited for an online survey. Participants reported how often in the past year they experienced sexual harassment in person, via phone, social media and dating apps. Correlates of in-person and technology-facilitated sexual harassment were identified using logistic regression. Results: Of all participants (n=1272, 70% female), two-thirds reported sexual harassment in person, 34% through social media and 26% via phone...
June 1, 2018: Sexual Health
Matthew E Dunn, Merryn McKinnon
Background: The rate of notifications of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in Australians has increased dramatically, especially in those aged 16-30 years. This age bracket, typical of university students, is the most likely to report multiple sexual partners in the previous year. Individuals who have sex with multiple partners in a year have a significantly increased chance of contracting an STI, making them an important audience for sexual health promotion. This study aimed to determine how university sexual health promotion events can better reach this higher-risk subset of the population...
May 22, 2018: Sexual Health
JaNelle M Ricks, Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of relationship power on HIV risk behaviour among young Black men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Southern US. Methods: Data from 425 Black/African American males aged 18-29 years who reported recent anal intercourse with a male partner were analysed. Five selected measures of relationship power were tested for correlation and association with protected receptive anal intercourse using contingency tables and logistic regression analysis. Results: Acts of 100% protected receptive anal intercourse were common (n=277, 65...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Health
Harmanpreet Tiwana, Aiesha Ahmed
Background: Common causes of temporal lobe hyper intensities are central nervous system infections like herpes simplex encephalitis, Lyme disease, limbic encephalitis and vascular pathology like Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. Methods: Personal assessment, laboratory data analysis and neuroimaging for the patient who was admitted to a central Pennsylvania tertiary care referral centre were conducted. Results: A 52-year-old male presented with a 1-year history of diffuse dysesthesia in upper and lower extremities with associated intermittent headaches and neck stiffness...
April 30, 2018: Sexual Health
Tal Brosh-Nissimov, Ron Kedem, Nimrod Ophir, Omri Shental, Nathan Keller, Sharon Amit
Background: Data regarding sexually transmissible infections (STI) often originate from STI clinics, screening programs or laboratory-based studies, thus are biased for specific risk groups or lack clinical details. This real-life observational study presents sample data of most young adult Israeli population by exploiting the centralised diagnostic and documentation platforms resulting from a mandatory military service at the age of 18 years for both genders. Methods: All STI diagnoses of Israeli Defence Forces soldiers during a 6-month period were reviewed...
April 30, 2018: Sexual Health
Stephanie L Grossman, Rachel A Annunziato
Background: Body hair removal is a behaviour that has become normative among women in Westernised cultures, and is presented by the media as the feminine ideal, despite being painful and a potential cause of infection. Of concern, removal may be part of a more global pattern of appearance dissatisfaction and risky sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among pubic hair removal, body image and sexual health indicators. Methods: Women (n=264; Mage=33.82, s.d.=11.13, range=18-66) completed self-report questionnaires assessing these constructs, including an assessment of body hair removal practices...
April 30, 2018: Sexual Health
Kent Burgess, Garth Parkhill, Jeremy Wiggins, Simon Ruth, Mark Stoovè
Background This paper examines a methamphetamine treatment and peer support program for gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who use methamphetamine. Australian MSM use illicit drugs including methamphetamine at significantly higher rates than the broader community.1,2 Methamphetamine rates are higher again amongst HIV positive MSM. Methamphetamine in the MSM community is associated with sexual activity and may be associated with psychosocial harms including risk of the transmission of HIV and sexually transmissible infections...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Adam Bourne, Jason Ong, Mark Pakianathan
This Special Issue of Sexual Health examines research and healthcare practice relating to sexualised drug use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), colloquially known as 'chemsex' or 'party and play' (PnP). It draws together evidence relating to the epidemiology, sociology and psychology of chemsex, as well as the policy, community and clinical interventions that are required to ensure men have access to high-quality health care that meets their needs and reduces harm. Findings and discussions within the Issue emphasise the need to sensitively, non-judgementally and meaningfully engage with gay men about their engagement in chemsex in order to help improve their sexual health and wider wellbeing...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Zahra Stardust, Johann Kolstee, Stefan Joksic, James Gray, Siobhan Hannan
Rates of drug use remain substantially higher among gay and bisexual men (GBM) and people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The use of drugs to enhance sexual pleasure within cultures of Party and Play creates opportunities to discuss sexual health, mental health, consent and wellbeing. Community organisations with a history of HIV prevention, care, treatment are well-placed to respond. ACON's (formerly the AIDS Council of New South Wales) multi-dimensional response to 'chemsex' includes: direct client services support for individuals seeking to manage or reduce their use; health promotion activities that support peer education; partnerships with research institutions to better understand cultures of chemsex; and policy submissions that call for drug use to be approached as a health, rather than a criminal, issue...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Jamie Frankis, Paul Flowers, Lisa McDaid, Adam Bourne
Background This paper establishes the prevalence of chemsex drug use among men who have sex with men (MSM), the extent to which these drugs are used in a sexual context, as well as their associated behaviours and circumstances of use. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional, online survey of 2328 MSM recruited via gay sociosexual media in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland were analysed. RESULTS: While almost half (48.8%) of participants had ever taken illicit drugs, lifetime chemsex drug use was less common (18...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Niels Graf, Anna Dichtl, Daniel Deimel, Dirk Sander, Heino Stöver
Background In Germany, drug use in sexual settings (i.e. chemsex) among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increasingly been the subject of discussion for considerable time. At the same time, however, little is known about this practice. It is against this background that what is currently known about chemsex among MSM in Germany is discussed. METHODS: The present study observations are essentially based on the results of two research projects of a qualitative-explorative nature. In-depth interviews with drug-using MSM (n=14), as well as qualitative, problem-centred interviews with drug-using MSM (n=75) and expert interviews (n=27) were conducted within these research projects...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Johannes M Hugo, Kevin B Rebe, Evan Tsouroulis, Anthony Manion, Glenn de Swart, Helen Struthers, James A McIntyre
Chemsex is the colloquial term used for a specific pattern of drug use that is increasingly common among men who have sex with men (MSM) globally. The recreational substances employed are used specifically in a sexualized context. The reasons for chemsex among MSM are complex. The Anova Health Institute (Anova) provided harm-reduction services in Cape Town, South Africa in 2013 and 2014. This project, known as Tikking the Boxes had two objectives: first to provide direct harm-reduction services to drug-using MSM in Cape Town, South Africa, and second, to reduce HIV and hepatitis B and C transmission among this population...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Oliver Stevens, Jamie I Forrest
Chemsex is a growing public health concern in urban centres, and few interventions exist to mitigate the significant sexual, drug-related, and social harms potentially experienced by people who participate in chemsex. In much of the world, these immediate harms are further compounded by the criminalisation and stigmatisation of both homosexuality and drug use, preventing participants fully engaging with treatment services or provision of health care. Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men participating in chemsex fall between the traditional definitions of key populations and consequently are poorly provided for by existing drug and sexual health frameworks...
April 2018: Sexual Health
Mathieu Goyette, Jorge Flores-Aranda, Karine Bertrand, Frédérick Pronovost, Valérie Aubut, Roberto Ortiz, Marianne Saint-Jacques
Background Men who have sex with men (MSM) have distinctive substance use (SU), which is more often linked to a sexual context than it is for their heterosexual peers. Screening of MSM's SU, its sexual contexts and the associated risks, is of clinical and public health concern. This paper aims to describe the preliminary development of a screening tool for health-risk sexual behaviours related to SU and to make recommendations for its potential use. METHODS: Community-based participatory research and transdisciplinary approaches guided the development process...
April 2018: Sexual Health
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