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Sexual Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212590/concordance-between-monetary-and-sexual-delay-discounting-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Jeb Jones, Jodie L Guest, Patrick S Sullivan, Michael R Kramer, Samuel M Jenness, Jessica M Sales
Background: Delay discounting has been found to be associated with numerous health-related outcomes, including risky sexual behaviour. To date, it is unclear whether delay discounting measured in different domains is associated within individuals. The goal of this study was to assess the concordance of monetary and sexual delay discounting in men who have sex with men. Methods: Participants completed an online survey, including the Monetary Choice Questionnaire and the Sexual Discounting Task. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between monetary and sexual discount rates...
December 7, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212588/comparisons-of-vaginal-flora-patterns-among-sexual-behaviour-groups-of-women-implications-for-the-pathogenesis-of-bacterial-vaginosis
#2
Kristin M Olson, Louis J Boohaker, Jane R Schwebke, Stella Aslibekyan, Christina A Muzny
Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. The objective was to compare the prevalence of BV by Nugent score among African-American women who have sex with women (WSW) and women who have sex with women and men (WSWM) compared with an age-matched group of women who have sex with men (WSM). Secondary objectives were to correlate low versus high Nugent scores with vaginal symptoms among women with BV and to correlate BV diagnosis with sexual practices. Methods: A secondary analysis of clinical and laboratory data from African-American WSW (n=73) and WSWM (n=68) participating in the Women's Sexual Health Project (August 2011-October 2013) and a 3:1 age-matched group of African-American WSM participating in the Longitudinal Study of Vaginal Flora (August 1999-February 2002) at a sexually transmissible infection clinic (n=423) was performed...
December 7, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#3
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050552/sexual-health-and-students-the-pathways-travelled-by-those-with-sexual-health-concerns
#4
Georgia Freeman, Lucy Watchirs Smith, Anna McNulty, Basil Donovan
The aim of this study was to identify the type of research (Internet, phone lines, friends, family, media or medical journal) undertaken by university students with sexual health concerns, and the effect this research had on their healthcare-seeking behaviour. The Internet was the most common (46%) first point of call for health information, closely followed by doctors (40%). Of those who undertook extra research, the majority subsequently went to a doctor. Health practitioners need to be aware of this tendency for independent research...
October 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021080/substantial-increase-in-yield-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-testing-2008-2013-at-a-sydney-metropolitan-sexual-health-clinic-an-observational-study
#5
Preethi Rajagopal, Sian L Goddard, David J Templeton
Background: A substantial increase in gonorrhoea notifications in New South Wales has been observed in recent years. Methods: We assessed yield of testing and characteristics of those diagnosed with gonorrhoea from January 2008 to December 2013 at RPA Sexual Health in the inner-west of Sydney. Yield was defined as the proportion of testing occasions which were positive for gonorrhoea. Generalised estimating equations were used to calculate trends in yield over time. Results: During the 6-year study period, 6456 individuals (4308 males, 2124 females, 24 transgender individuals) were tested on 12799 occasions; this included 2441 gay and bisexual men (GBM) who were tested on 6945 occasions...
October 12, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021079/blood-borne-virus-transmission-in-an-urban-culturally-diverse-neighbourhood-results-from-a-cross-sectional-bio-behavioural-survey-using-innovative-outreach-methods-in-a-hard-to-reach-population
#6
Elizabeth Peach, Shelley Cogger, Kat Byron, Penny Francis, Daniel O'Keefe, Peter Higgs, Mark Stoove, Kasey Elmore, Paul Dietze, Margaret Hellard
Background: Following a HIV outbreak among Aboriginal people in a culturally diverse inner-city suburb of Melbourne, a blood-borne virus (BBV) screening program was conducted to inform public health interventions to prevent transmission and facilitate timely diagnosis and linkage to care. Methods: In August-September 2014, community health workers recruited people who inject drugs (PWID) from a local needle and syringe program. Participants were tested for hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), HIV and syphilis and completed a bio-behavioural questionnaire...
October 12, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021078/sexual-dys-functioning-is-related-to-drive-for-thinness-not-drive-for-muscularity
#7
Anandi Alperin, Fiona K Barlow
Background: Negative body image can result in sexual dysfunction for both women and men. Drive for thinness, drive for muscularity and drive for leanness have all been associated with poor body image. However, research to date has not examined which is the strongest predictor of sexual problems in each gender. Methods: The present study used measures of drive for muscularity and drive for thinness simultaneously to predict sexual functioning in both genders. Participants (n=519) completed measures of drive for thinness, drive for muscularity, sexual esteem, sexual assertiveness, discomfort exposing their bodies during sex and genital satisfaction...
October 12, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968509/estimating-the-burden-of-genital-warts-in-taiwan
#8
Tsen-Fang Tsai, Smita Kothari-Talwar, Karen Yee, Amit Kulkarni, Nuria Lara, Montserrat Roset, Anna R Giuliano, Suzanne M Garland
Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of genital warts in Taiwan among those seeking healthcare, as well as genital-warts-related healthcare resource use and costs, and self-reported genital-warts-related psychosocial impact. Methods: Genital warts prevalence estimates were extracted from a daily record of patients examined from 31 October 2011 to 4 May 2012 by 67 physicians in Taiwan. Physicians recorded the total number of patients and genital warts patients seen daily for 2 weeks. These physicians also completed a survey regarding healthcare resource use, treatment, follow-up care, and referral patterns...
October 3, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927494/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-utility-of-the-2014-australian-sexually-transmissible-infection-and-hiv-testing-guidelines-for-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men-among-general-practitioners-in-sydney
#9
David J Templeton, Phillipe C G Adam, Rajesh Varma, Phillip Read, Chistopher Bourne, Shih-Chi Kao, On Behalf Of The Sexually Transmissible
The Australian sexually transmissible infection and HIV testing guidelines for asymptomatic men who have sex with men were updated in 2014. An evaluation study targeting Sydney-based general practitioners was conducted among 85 clinicians. Respondents with knowledge of guideline recommendations were significantly more likely to feel comfortable asking men who have sex with men about their sexual history (98.1% vs 81.3%, P=0.039), and to recommend at least annual testing (94.0% vs 68.8%, P=0.015), 3-month retesting after chlamydia or gonorrhoea treatment (96...
September 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903015/kept-clinical-visits-as-scheduled-in-the-first-6-months-of-antiretroviral-treatment-determine-long-term-treatment-outcomes-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study-in-china
#10
Shu Su, Limin Mao, Jianmei He, Xiuqing Wei, Jun Jing, Xi Chen, Lei Zhang
Background: Routine HIV clinical monitoring is vital for people living with HIV (PLHIV) after treatment initiation. The relationship between clinical visits during the first 6 months after initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) and long-term, HIV-related mortality and service retention was investigated. Methods: A retrospective ART observational research database was established based on de-identified data extracted from 6959 records of adult HIV-positive registrants held by Hunan CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) between 2003 and 2013...
September 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190453/table-of-contents
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216970/current-research-gaps-a-global-systematic-review-of-hiv-and-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-transgender-populations
#12
Sarah MacCarthy, Tonia Poteat, Zhiyu Xia, Nicolette L Roque, Ashley Hyun Jin Kim, Stefan Baral, Sari L Reisner
Transgender populations are heavily burdened by HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs). However, data on co-infection with HIV and STIs among transgender people are limited. A systematic review was conducted of peer-reviewed articles and conference abstracts between January 2010 and November 2015 that focussed on HIV and STI infections among transgender populations globally. The literature was synthesised and opportunities for improving health research were commented on. Few studies reported HIV-STI co-infection (n=4), while the majority of studies reported HIV and STI infections separately (n=23)...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216969/legal-issues-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-persistent-threats
#13
Jamison Green
Background The legal status of transgender (trans) people is in constant flux. Over the past 70 years, gradually increasing transgender visibility, national and global advocacy, and, more recently, widespread Internet access, communication, and broadening support from allies, have all contributed to successful campaigns that have improved transgender lives and legitimised transgender. Still, traumatic interactions with the legal system or policing agencies remain plentiful. This is a very general overview of the most common legal issues confronting trans people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216968/gender-trouble-the-world-health-organization-the-international-statistical-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-icd-11-and-the-trans-kids
#14
Sam Winter
The World Health Organization (WHO) is revising its diagnostic manual, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). At the time of writing, and based on recommendations from its ICD Working Group on Sexual Disorders and Sexual Health, WHO is proposing a new ICD chapter titled Conditions Related to Sexual Health, and that the gender incongruence diagnoses (replacements for the gender identity disorder diagnoses used in ICD-10) should be placed in that chapter. WHO is proposing that there should be a Gender incongruence of childhood (GIC) diagnosis for children below the age of puberty...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216967/caring-for-transgender-people-looking-beyond-the-hype
#15
Jason J Ong, Darren B Russell, Kevan Wylie
This special issue of Sexual Health presents a collection of articles that addresses issues facing transgender individuals that are particularly challenging. Issues covered range from sexual health education in schools, the need for accurate epidemiological measurements, the perils of inaccurate diagnostic labels of transgender children, legal issues, the disproportionately high prevalence of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs), and the role of primary care. We need to think critically, constructively and compassionately about transgender people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190445/table-of-contents
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874236/funding-antiretroviral-treatment-for-hiv-positive-temporary-residents-in-australia-prevents-transmission-and-is-inexpensive
#17
Richard T Gray, Jo Watson, Aaron J Cogle, Don E Smith, Jennifer F Hoy, Lisa A Bastian, Robert Finlayson, Fraser M Drummond, Bill Whittaker, Matthew G Law, Kathy Petoumenos
Background: The aim of this study is to estimate the reduction in new HIV infections and resultant cost outcomes of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) through Australia's 'universal access' health scheme to all temporary residents with HIV infection living legally in Australia, but currently deemed ineligible to access subsidised ART via this scheme. Methods: A mathematical model to estimate the number of new HIV infections averted and the associated lifetime costs over 5 years if all HIV-positive temporary residents in Australia had access to ART and subsidised medical care was developed...
September 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870282/transgender-women-and-hiv-related-health-disparities-falling-off-the-hiv-treatment-cascade
#18
Seth C Kalichman, Dominica Hernandez, Stephanie Finneran, Devon Price, Redd Driver
Background: Transgender women living with HIV infection experience poorer health outcomes across the HIV continuum of care. While disparities are well established, their underlying mechanisms are not well understood. This study examined the HIV continuum of care (also known as the HIV treatment cascade), including linkage and engagement in care and health status among transgender women and cisgender women and cisgender men living with HIV. Method: Case-control matching was applied to a cohort of 1101 people living with HIV; 70 transgender women living with HIV were matched on years since testing HIV positive with cisgender women and cisgender men...
September 5, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859730/a-multi-method-study-of-health-behaviours-and-perceived-concerns-of-sexual-minority-females-in-mumbai-india
#19
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Swagata Banik, Elizabeth Bartelt, Shruta Rawat, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Devon Hensel, Debby Herbenick, Vivek Anand
Background: This multi-method study explores the perceived health status and health behaviours of sexual minority (i.e. self-identifying with a sexual identity label other than heterosexual) females (i.e. those assigned female at birth who may or may not identify as women) in Mumbai, India, a population whose health has been generally absent in scientific literature. Methods: Using community-based participatory research approaches, this study is a partnership with The Humsafar Trust (HST). HST is India's oldest and largest LGBT-advocacy organisation...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859729/factors-influencing-uptake-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-some-qualitative-insights-from-an-intervention-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#20
Chunxing Liu, Yingying Ding, Zhen Ning, Meiyang Gao, Xing Liu, Frank Y Wong, Na He
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical approach for preventing the acquisition of HIV in populations at substantial risk for HIV. However, its uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) is low in China. The study aimed to identify factors that might influence MSM's uptake and use of PrEP. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 self-identified MSM from a PrEP intervention study evaluating daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to prevent HIV infection. Of these men, 11 were presently using the 'TDF' group; 8 from the 'change-over' group (i...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Health
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