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Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#1
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403690/exploring-the-relationship-between-victims-and-witnesses-of-aggression-and-anger-expression-in-thai-adolescents
#2
Nualnong Wongtongkam, Paul Russell Ward, Andrew Day, Anthony Harold Winefield
OBJECTIVE: Young people who are victims of, or witnesses to, aggression are at increased risk of developing a psychological disorder and behaving aggressively themselves. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of exposure to aggression in a sample of 1 770 students, aged 15-26 years recruited from technical colleges in Thailand. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence rates for both experiencing aggression as a victim and for witnessing an aggressive incident...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403682/the-ububele-baby-mat-service-a-primary-preventative-mental-health-intervention-in-a-culturally-diverse-setting
#3
N Dawson, J Richards, K Frost
The Ububele Baby Mat Service is a community-based, parent-infant mental health intervention offered at five primary health care clinics in Alexandra Township, in Johannesburg. The aim of the intervention is to promote healthy caregiver-infant attachments. There has been a steady increase in the number of mother-baby dyads making use of the service. This paper aims to explore how the Baby Mat Service and Baby Mat practitioners position and locate themselves in a culturally diverse community setting where multiple meaning systems are drawn on for making sense of health concerns...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401773/psychometric-properties-of-the-ndetei-othieno-kathuku-nok-scale-a-mental-health-assessment-tool-for-an-african-setting
#4
Christy A Denckla, David M Ndetei, Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Abednego M Musau, Eric S Nandoya, Kelly K Anderson, Snezana Milanovic, David Henderson, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents are highly debilitating, with sparse resources for assessment and treatment in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and latent factor structure of an ethnographically-grounded assessment instrument for detecting common mental health complaints among rural Kenyan children and adolescents. METHODS: The Ndetei-Othieno-Kathuku Scale (NOK) was delivered to 2 282 children aged 10 to 18 years old...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287023/identifying-risks-for-mental-health-problems-in-hiv-positive-adolescents-accessing-hiv-treatment-in-johannesburg
#5
Nataly Woollett, Lucie Cluver, Monica Bandeira, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems of adolescents are underserved in low and middle-income countries where they account for a significant proportion of disease burden. Perinatally infected HIV-positive adolescents have a high prevalence of mental health disorders; however, little is known about those retained in care in South Africa. METHODS: HIV-positive adolescents aged 13-19 years (n = 343) accessing five paediatric antiretroviral clinics in Johannesburg were assessed using standardized measures for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidality...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998264/factors-associated-with-readmission-in-south-african-adolescents-discharged-from-two-inpatient-psychosocial-rehabilitation-units
#6
Deirdre Pieterse, Henk Temmingh, Wendy Vogel
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with readmission in an adolescent population discharged from two inpatient psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) units in Cape Town, South Africa. METHOD: Data were obtained from 97 consecutive patients discharged from two adolescent psychiatric PSR units over a period of one year. Patients were followed up for readmission to hospitals offering specialised psychiatric care in the Western Cape Province over a period of 18 months...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998263/a-12-year-chart-review-of-childhood-and-adolescent-onset-psychosis-at-a-nigerian-tertiary-mental-health-facility
#7
Adeniran O Okewole, Adegboyega Ogunwale, Temilola J Mosanya, Babatunde M Ojo
OBJECTIVES: To review the profile of children and adolescents presenting with psychosis at a specialist mental health facility, and to compare childhood with adolescent onset psychosis. METHOD: Hospital records of all children and adolescents over a 12-year period (1999-2010) were perused to identify those falling under the categories of psychotic disorders. Clinical, socio-demographic, obstetric, and developmental information was extracted. RESULTS: Mean age of the children ((n = 409)) was 15...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998262/neurocognitive-considerations-when-assessing-theory-of-mind-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Katie Hamilton, Michelle Hoogenhout, Susan Malcolm-Smith
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterised by poor social competence; and since Theory of Mind (ToM) is a building block for social-communicative skills and successful social integration, these skills are important to assess when preparing and monitoring educational and therapeutic plans. ToM is a complex skill requiring the ability to form mental concepts, to represent complex constructs verbally, to inhibit some mental states in favour of others, and to consider and compare multiple perspectives. It is critical to consider cognitive influences on the ability to develop and convey ToM skills to ensure that deficits in other cognitive domains do not falsely present as ToM deficits...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998261/suicidal-ideation-among-suburban-adolescents-the-influence-of-school-bullying-and-other-mediating-risk-factors
#9
David T Lardier, Veronica R Barrios, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert J Reid
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has identified multiple factors that influence suicidal ideation (SI) among bullied youth. The effects of school bullying on SI cannot be considered in isolation. In this study, we examined the influence of school bullying on SI, through a constellation of risks, which include depressive and anxiety symptoms, family conflict, and alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use. We also provide recommendations for therapists working with bullied youth. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 488 adolescents (ages 10-18 years) from a northern New Jersey, United States suburban community...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562006/the-importance-of-the-first-1-000-days-of-life
#10
EDITORIAL
Astrid Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562005/tech-savvy-parenting-a-guide-to-raising-safe-children-in-a-digital-world
#11
Anne Kramers-Olen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562004/parental-hiv-aids-and-psychological-health-of-younger-children-in-south-africa
#12
Comfort Asanbe, Anne-Gloria Moleko, Maretha Visser, Angela Thomas, Catherine Makwakwa, Waleska Salgado, Alexandra Tesnakis
OBJECTIVE: We examined several indicators of psychological health in a sample of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) to determine if there were significant differences between those orphaned by AIDS and those orphaned by other causes, and if there were gender differences. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 119 young children (ages 6-10 years) who participated in a non-governmental organisation (NGO)-supported social services programme in a low-resource, non-urban community in South Africa...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562003/-every-time-that-month-comes-i-remember-using-cognitive-interviews-to-adapt-grief-measures-for-use-with-bereaved-adolescents-in-south-africa
#13
Tory M Taylor, Tonya R Thurman, Lineo Nogela
OBJECTIVE: To assess standard grief measures through cognitive interviews with bereaved adolescents in Free State, South Africa, and make recommendations designed to improve the measurement of grief in this and similar populations. METHODS: Twenty-one parentally bereaved adolescents participated in semi-structured cognitive interviews about the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) questionnaire, Grief Cognitions Questionnaire for Children (GCQ-C), or Intrusive Griefs Thoughts Scale (IGTS)...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562002/the-role-of-fortitude-in-relation-to-exposure-to-violence-among-adolescents-living-in-lower-socio-economic-areas-in-south-africa
#14
Tyrone B Pretorius, Anita Padmanabhanunni, Jerome Campbell
OBJECTIVE: There is compelling evidence that a significant proportion of adolescents exposed to violence do not develop trauma-related symptoms, but adapt successfully. This differential vulnerability has propelled research into identifying factors that promote coping. This study focused on the role of fortitude in the relationship between violence and trauma-related symptoms among South African adolescents living in two low-income communities. Fortitude is derived from positive cognitive appraisals of the self, the family and external sources of support...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562001/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-in-south-africa-shared-and-unshared-risks
#15
Neo K Morojele, Judith S Brook, David W Brook
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco and alcohol use by adolescents are major public health concerns in South Africa. However, the extent to which key psychosocial risk factors for tobacco use and alcohol use by adolescents in South Africa are shared or unshared is unclear. This study sought to examine the shared and unshared risk factors for tobacco and alcohol use among adolescents in Johannesburg. METHOD: Participants comprised 736 males and females aged 12-17 years who were recruited via a household survey conducted during 2004...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562000/towards-a-comprehensive-test-specification-for-normative-adolescent-fears-a-conservation-of-resources-perspective
#16
Steven J Collings, Nirmala D Gopal
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which the primary tenets of Conservation of Resources theory provide an adequate basis for categorising and conceptualising normative adolescent fears. METHOD: Initial descriptive research, using data obtained from a sample of South African adolescents (n = 163), used systematic emergent content analysis to develop a test specification (i.e., content domains and manifestations of content domains) relevant to measures of normative adolescent fears, with subsequent a priori content analyses being used to explore the content validity of the test specification with respect to the item-content of selected normative childhood and adolescent fear schedules...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561999/behaviour-planning-and-problem-solving-deficiencies-in-children-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-from-the-balobedu-culture-limpopo-province-south-africa
#17
Refilwe Gloria Pila-Nemutandani, Anneke Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare planning behaviour (frontal lobe functioning) in children with and without symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: A total of 90 children (45 with symptoms of ADHD and 45 matched controls without ADHD symptoms) of both genders, who were medication naïve, from the Balobedu culture (Limpopo province, South Africa), aged 7-13 years, participated in the study. The performance of the two groups was compared on a test of planning and problem solving, the Tower of London (ToL) task...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561998/the-ububele-baby-mat-intervention-facilitating-meaning-in-a-multi-cultural-context
#18
Michelle Nortje
This paper expands on the continuing understanding of the Ububele Baby Mat Project - a community-based parent-infant mental health intervention now offered at six primary healthcare clinics in Alexandra, Johannesburg. This paper describes the influence of cultural diversity and the complex layers of meaning-making involved in the Baby Mat intervention. Meaning-making is a collaborative process between the caregiver-infant dyad's cultural beliefs and experiences, the Baby Mat couple's relationship, knowledge and skills, and the additional minds of the multicultural supervision group...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561997/mothers-perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-knowledge-in-a-johannesburg-township-setting
#19
Katherine Bain, Jade Richards
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines maternal knowledge regarding perinatal and infant mental health amongst mothers in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. The applicability and utility of these Western-derived concepts in a low socio-economic South African setting is examined. METHOD: A concurrent mixed methods approach was used. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the responses of 255 mothers on a structured questionnaire, designed to elicit levels of knowledge about the relational needs and awareness of infants and the psychosocial needs of mothers, to determine trends in mothers' knowledge...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088276/towards-school-mental-health-programmes-in-nigeria-systematic-review-revealed-the-need-for-contextualised-and-culturally-nuanced-research
#20
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola
BACKGROUND: School-based mental health programmes, a potential avenue to reach many children and youth, are not yet developed in Nigeria. In view of the importance of cultural nuances in mental health issues, initial groundwork towards the establishment of these programmes in Nigeria must be cognizant of cultural peculiarities at the outset. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to critically examine, through the lens of transcultural psychiatry, all the currently available epidemiological studies and needs assessments relevant to school-based mental health programmes in Nigeria...
2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
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