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Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Astrid Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Anne Kramers-Olen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Comfort Asanbe, Anne-Gloria Moleko, Maretha Visser, Angela Thomas, Catherine Makwakwa, Waleska Salgado, Alexandra Tesnakis
OBJECTIVE: We examined several indicators of psychological health in a sample of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) to determine if there were significant differences between those orphaned by AIDS and those orphaned by other causes, and if there were gender differences. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 119 young children (ages 6-10 years) who participated in a non-governmental organisation (NGO)-supported social services programme in a low-resource, non-urban community in South Africa...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Tory M Taylor, Tonya R Thurman, Lineo Nogela
OBJECTIVE: To assess standard grief measures through cognitive interviews with bereaved adolescents in Free State, South Africa, and make recommendations designed to improve the measurement of grief in this and similar populations. METHODS: Twenty-one parentally bereaved adolescents participated in semi-structured cognitive interviews about the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) questionnaire, Grief Cognitions Questionnaire for Children (GCQ-C), or Intrusive Griefs Thoughts Scale (IGTS)...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Tyrone B Pretorius, Anita Padmanabhanunni, Jerome Campbell
OBJECTIVE: There is compelling evidence that a significant proportion of adolescents exposed to violence do not develop trauma-related symptoms, but adapt successfully. This differential vulnerability has propelled research into identifying factors that promote coping. This study focused on the role of fortitude in the relationship between violence and trauma-related symptoms among South African adolescents living in two low-income communities. Fortitude is derived from positive cognitive appraisals of the self, the family and external sources of support...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Neo K Morojele, Judith S Brook, David W Brook
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco and alcohol use by adolescents are major public health concerns in South Africa. However, the extent to which key psychosocial risk factors for tobacco use and alcohol use by adolescents in South Africa are shared or unshared is unclear. This study sought to examine the shared and unshared risk factors for tobacco and alcohol use among adolescents in Johannesburg. METHOD: Participants comprised 736 males and females aged 12-17 years who were recruited via a household survey conducted during 2004...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Steven J Collings, Nirmala D Gopal
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which the primary tenets of Conservation of Resources theory provide an adequate basis for categorising and conceptualising normative adolescent fears. METHOD: Initial descriptive research, using data obtained from a sample of South African adolescents (n = 163), used systematic emergent content analysis to develop a test specification (i.e., content domains and manifestations of content domains) relevant to measures of normative adolescent fears, with subsequent a priori content analyses being used to explore the content validity of the test specification with respect to the item-content of selected normative childhood and adolescent fear schedules...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Refilwe Gloria Pila-Nemutandani, Anneke Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare planning behaviour (frontal lobe functioning) in children with and without symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: A total of 90 children (45 with symptoms of ADHD and 45 matched controls without ADHD symptoms) of both genders, who were medication naïve, from the Balobedu culture (Limpopo province, South Africa), aged 7-13 years, participated in the study. The performance of the two groups was compared on a test of planning and problem solving, the Tower of London (ToL) task...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Michelle Nortje
This paper expands on the continuing understanding of the Ububele Baby Mat Project - a community-based parent-infant mental health intervention now offered at six primary healthcare clinics in Alexandra, Johannesburg. This paper describes the influence of cultural diversity and the complex layers of meaning-making involved in the Baby Mat intervention. Meaning-making is a collaborative process between the caregiver-infant dyad's cultural beliefs and experiences, the Baby Mat couple's relationship, knowledge and skills, and the additional minds of the multicultural supervision group...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Katherine Bain, Jade Richards
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines maternal knowledge regarding perinatal and infant mental health amongst mothers in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. The applicability and utility of these Western-derived concepts in a low socio-economic South African setting is examined. METHOD: A concurrent mixed methods approach was used. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the responses of 255 mothers on a structured questionnaire, designed to elicit levels of knowledge about the relational needs and awareness of infants and the psychosocial needs of mothers, to determine trends in mothers' knowledge...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola
BACKGROUND: School-based mental health programmes, a potential avenue to reach many children and youth, are not yet developed in Nigeria. In view of the importance of cultural nuances in mental health issues, initial groundwork towards the establishment of these programmes in Nigeria must be cognizant of cultural peculiarities at the outset. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to critically examine, through the lens of transcultural psychiatry, all the currently available epidemiological studies and needs assessments relevant to school-based mental health programmes in Nigeria...
2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Ciara Wynne, Caoimhe Doyle, Rachel Kenny, Eileen Brosnan, John Sharry
UNLABELLED: This study is a first-level evaluation of a family intervention targeted at adolescents with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in Ireland. It is a combined implementation of the Working Things Out adolescent programme and the Parents Plus Adolescent Programme (WTOPPAP). METHOD: A total of 93 adolescents aged 11-17 years (M = 14.64, SD = 1.31; 39% male) and their parents took part in the study...
2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Inge Wessels, Catherine L Ward
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the opinions of mothers living in battered women's shelters about the acceptability of programme materials, preferences for delivery methods, and barriers to use of the Positive Parenting Programme (Triple P). METHOD: Thirty-two mothers of three- to eight-year-olds were recruited from three shelters in Cape Town, South Africa. These mothers received Triple P tip-sheets and watched a Triple P DVD which described the strategies used by the programme...
2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Kim Vrba, Wendy Vogel, Petrus J de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common, yet under-recognised and undertreated, particularly in low socio-economic settings. Little is known about compliance to evidence- based guidelines in low- and middle-income countries, and no clinical audits have been published in Africa. We undertook to measure compliance in a South African setting using the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for ADHD as the gold standard to compare compliance and socio-demographic characteristics between two treatment locations in Cape Town and to generate an audit checklist for standardising care...
2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Adeniran O Okewole, Sewanu S Awhangansi, Mojisola Fasokun, Adetayo A Adeniji, Omotilewa Omotoso, Daniel Ajogbon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between prodromal psychotic symptoms and psychological distress among Nigerian adolescents. METHOD: Students (n=508) were randomly selected from secondary schools in Abeokuta, Nigeria. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Version (PQ-B) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were administered to each student. RESULTS: The mean age of the students was 15...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Maretha Visser, Jessica du Plessis
OBJECTIVE: South Africa has a high prevalence of sexual abuse of children and adolescents. Among the numerous adverse consequences of sexual abuse is the difficulty survivors may experience in developing positive self-esteem and maintaining positive relationships. In a low resource setting, an expressive art group intervention tailored to female adolescents who have been sexually abused was implemented and its value explored. METHOD: Six adolescents met for 10 weekly sessions which included expressive art activities, followed by reflective group discussions...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Alex N Otakpor, Oluyemi O Akanni
BACKGROUND: The mental health impact of spirituality/religiousness is widely recognised and studied in Western countries, but less so in developing nations, partly because of lack of valid instruments for such studies. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine the convergent validity of the Ironson-Woods Spirituality/Religiousness Index (IWSRI) in school attending Nigerian adolescents, and any relationship between spirituality/religiousness and mental health status...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Karmel W Choi, Melissa H Watt, Donald Skinner, Seth C Kalichman, Kathleen J Sikkema
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the perceived impact of parental drinking on children in a South African township where alcohol abuse is prevalent and high levels of existing poverty and violence may exacerbate potential consequences on children. METHOD: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 92 male and female participants recruited from alcohol-serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa. RESULTS: Grounded theory analyses revealed three major aspects of parental drinking - intoxication, venue attendance and expenditures on alcohol - which participants linked to negative proximal outcomes (e...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Christine Fu, Carol Underwood
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents are among the most vulnerable groups affected by natural and man-made disaster. To better understand research and practice concerning mental health and psychosocial support efforts in humanitarian settings, the authors conducted a comprehensive review of all intervention programmes within the past decade that universally targeted children and adolescents who were exposed to a natural and/or man-made disaster. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsychINFO, Cochrane Library and CINAHL for mental health and psychosocial interventions (MHPSS) involving children and adolescents...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Christine Laidlaw, Greg Howcroft
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to demonstrate the use and process of contemporary relational psychoanalytic child therapy to address the interpersonal implications of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and interlinked insecure attachment processes. METHOD: This therapy case study explicates the seven-month therapeutic process of a seven-year-old girl child highlighting the need for the child therapist to balance interventions aimed at both the internal and external world of the child...
2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
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