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Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767267/-approach-to-illness-and-death-of-vadinienses-in-roman-hispania-i-iv-centuries
#1
Bonifacio Alvarez-Lario, Laura Álvarez-Roy
The Vadinienses were a Cantabrian people who lived between the first and fourth centuries in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, northeast of the present province of León and the corresponding part of the current territory of Asturias. In this paper we study the possible causes of illness and death of the Vadinienses represented in their gravestones. The analysis of Vadinienses epitaphs shows that two-thirds of the deaths occurred in people between the ages of 20-30, a finding that is not interpreted as representative of the usual age of death at that time...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767266/paul-langerhans-a-prilgrim-traveling-from-functional-histology-to-marine-biology
#2
REVIEW
Marius Raica, Anca Maria Cimpean
The nineteenth century was the time of a real revolution in science and medicine. A lot of seminal discoveries in medicine and biology were done in this time, and many of them were coincident with the introduction of the compound microscope by Hermann van Deijl and the standard histological technique by Paul Ehrlich. The main tissue types and individual cells were characterized and originally classified more than hundred years ago, although less attention was paid to their basic functions. This was mainly due to the modality of tissue specimen processing that allowed particularly detailed descriptive studies...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767265/professors-principals-and-textbooks-from-the-midwifery-school-in-zadar
#3
REVIEW
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
Midwifery in Dalmatia was highly undeveloped at the beginning of the XIX century. The health report from 1813 suggested that there were only 48 midwives in the whole province, and none of them with a degree from the midwifery school. After abolishing the Central Schools ("Ecoles Centrales"), which were founded at the time of French reign, and which had the university range, the professors who stayed in Zadar continued their work and teaching in the Midwifery School, which was founded in 1820 according to the decision made by Emperor Franz I, and started working in 1821...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767264/human-urine-based-therapeutics-in-spain-from-the-early-20th-century-to-the-present-a-historical-literature-overview-and-a-present-day-case-study
#4
REVIEW
José Ramón Vallejo, Alfonso J Aparicio Mena, José Antonio González
Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Urotherapy is widespread in Spanish folk medicine. Among the 204 collected remedies, those related to treatment of diseases or skin conditions predominate (63%)...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767263/trepanation-and-enlarged-parietal-foramen-on-skulls-from-the-loyalty-islands-melanesia
#5
Sergey V Vasilyev, Alexey A Sviridov
The goal of this study is a comprehensive examination of openings discovered on two skulls in the collection of skeletal remains from the Loyalty Islands (Melanesia). The skull No. 1524 displayed an evidence of successful trepanation, and the skull No. 7985 revealed openings that were reminiscent of a trepanation, however, we are inclined to believe that in the latter case we are dealing with a rare genetic anomaly - enlarged parietal foramen.
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767262/framing-our-social-disaster-narratives-of-disease-and-sexuality-in-turkey-s-early-republic
#6
Emine Ö Evered, Kyle T Evered
For the early Turkish republic, resource shortages, illiteracy, and geography combined to hamper any achievement of the immediate and universal diffusion of state-authored lessons in public health throughout the country's populace. One of the first steps taken to overcome these obstacles involved the production and publication of a medical atlas. Ideally, this text would serve both to standardize care provided by the state's health professionals and to inform the entire population of their public health obligations and compel their compliance; longer lives, prosperity, and a stronger nation were the promised outcomes...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767261/-health-maps-of-a-historical-population-in-nineteenth-century-friuli-northeastern-italy
#7
Alessio Fornasin, Marco Breschi, Matteo Manfredini
This paper aims at presenting some health maps of a historical population. The studies on the health status of past populations are usually focused on the causes of death. Our purpose is to present some descriptive analyses on non-deadly diseases. The present work focuses on the province of Friuli (north-eastern Italy) in the second half of the nineteenth century. The used sources are military call-up records. We collected about 300,000 records relative to military recruitment that took place between 1866 and 1909 (birth cohorts 1846-1890)...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767260/-the-black-eagle-pharmacy-in-petrinja-first-civil-pharmacy-on-the-territory-of-banska-krajina
#8
Darija Alujević, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
The Black Eagle pharmacy was founded in 1772 as a branch of the eponymous Karlovac pharmacy and was the oldest civil pharmacy on the territory of Banska krajina. Based on the archival sources, newspapers of the time, and the documentation preserved within the owner's family, its historical background and ownership chronology are presented in this paper. Special attention was dedicated to the Panac family, which led the pharmacy through four generations, from 1822 until 1950. The results of our research resolved the dilemmas about the pharmacy's first location and also presented the information concerning the academic path of its owners, their work, as well as their wider socio-cultural influences on life in Petrinja...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038494/constantin-von-economo-s-last-publication-a-commentary-on-charles-fraipont-s-%C3%A3-volution-c%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-brale
#9
Lazaros C Triarhou
This paper highlights a commentary written by the neurologist Constantin von Economo on a book published by the Belgian paleontologist Charles Fraipont in 1931. The commentary appears to be Economo's last opus, published posthumously in early 1933. The reviewed work deals with the evolution of the brain in primates, hominids and humans, presenting some interesting ideas about the phylogeny of the human cerebral hemispheres in conjunction with the living conditions of the genera in consideration.
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038493/electrotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-affected-by-rabies-experiments-conducted-at-the-maggiore-hospital-of-milan-in-1865
#10
Silvia Marinozzi, Matteo Gulino, Valentina Gazzaniga
During the nineteenth century, the scientific context of rabies treatment was weak due to the lack of the literature on specific nosology of the rabies disease, and unspecific and ineffective therapy approaches. Electrotherapy already represented an important therapeutic approach for nervous system diseases, although not specifically for rabies. In the present paper, the authors discuss the use of electrotherapy in the treatment of humans affected by rabies in an experimental study conducted at the Maggiore Hospital of Milan, with the aim of establishing the discovery of a possible specific therapy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038492/the-andreas-vesalius-woodblocks-a-four-hundred-year-journey-from-creation-to-destruction
#11
Stephen N Joffe, Veronica Buchanan
The purpose of this study was to trace the history of woodblocks created in 1542 by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Carved by the Venetian workmen on pear tree boards, the woodblocks were used in the Basel printing of Vesalius' works De Humani Corporis Fabrica and Epitome from 1543, The China Root Epistle (1546), and the frontispiece of the Fabrica, the edition from 1555. The blocks remained with the printer Oporinus in Basel until his death in 1568 when they were sold to the Froben family. The woodblocks reappeared in 1706 in a publication by Maschenbauer and were subsequently used by Leveling in 1783...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038491/some-social-aspects-of-discovery-synthesis-and-production-of-cortisone-in-the-1930s-1950s
#12
Daria Jadreškić
A discovery, synthesis and therapeutic application of cortisone present a paradigm for modern translational medicine (Hillier 2007, Saenger 2010), since they represented a joint achievement of discoveries by biochemists, Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein; large scale synthesis by an industrial chemist, Lewis Hastings Sarett, and therapeutic application by a rheumatologist, Philip Showalter Hench. The goal of translational medicine is to speed up the process between basic research and clinical practice, and to integrate multiple disciplines in order to understand diverse outcomes (Zhang et al...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038490/the-ophthalmological-observations-in-caelius-aurelianus-text-on-acute-and-on-chronic-diseases
#13
Konstantinos Laios, Marilita Moschos, George Androutsos
Caelius Aurelianus' Latin translation, De morbis acutis et chronicis, of Soranus of Ephesus' original Greek work is a work devoted to internal medicine. Nevertheless, there are some observations about ocular pathologies which reveal the level of the knowledge at that time about the eye and their use as elements of pathological semiology.
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038489/anesthesia-and-pain-management-in-traditional-iranian-medicine
#14
Alireza Salehi, Faranak Alembizar, Ayda Hosseinkhani
Studying the history of science could help develop an understanding of the contributions made by ancient nations towards scientific advances. Although Iranians had an important impact on the improvement of science, the history of Iranian medicine seems not to have been given enough attention by historians. The present study focused on the history of anesthesia and pain management in Iranian medical history. In this regard, related books such as Avesta and Shahnameh were studied in order to obtain the history of anesthesiology in Iranian pre Islamic era...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038488/-medical-elements-in-the-sacral-heritage-of-the-mo%C3%A5-%C3%A4-enice-region
#15
Robert Doričić, Ana Montan, Igor Eterović
Sacral heritage, religious practices and customs, and the ethnomedical heritage of the Mošćenice region have not had so far the attention of medico-historians, which represents the starting point of this paper. The research of the mentioned dimensions of medico-historical reality of Mošćenice and its surrounding area has been conducted on three levels. Starting with the usual methodology, sacral inventory of certain churches and chapels from the Mošćenice parish is analyzed from the perspective of the history of medicine...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038487/-the-role-and-contribution-of-chief-physician-matija-perak-1914%C3%A2-1992-to-the-foundation-and-development-of-phtisiology-in-petrinja-1946%C3%A2-1978
#16
Boris Vrga
The study shows the contribution of Matija Perak to the development of phthisiological service in Petrinja and the suppression of TB in the Sisak - Banija region in the period from 1946 to 1978. Having obtained data from the archive documents, it was possible to reconstruct his curative and preventive activities in the suppression of morbidity and mortality from TB in the Sisak - Banija region. His organizational and managerial, professional-scientific and publicistic work is highlighted, as well as his role in the reorientation of the profession towards chronic non-TB diseases and the education of new generations of phthisiologists in Petrinja...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038486/anthrax-of-domestic-animals-in-vrbas-banate-from-traditional-beliefs-to-the-first-scientific-views-on-the-ancient-disease
#17
Oliver N Stevanović, Drago N Nedić, Nemanja Šubarević, Obren Tomić
From 1929 to 1941, the Vrbas Banate was one of nine provinces of the Kingdom Yugoslavia, and according to historical data, the poorest one, without well-organized and sustainable agriculture production. Naturalistic production and poor animal health control in the Vrbas Banate were the most important risk factors for infectious disease spreading. Anthrax was very prevalent infectious disease in domestic animals and humans in that period, but some data on this disease remain scarce. In this paper epidemiology and clinical investigation of anthrax in the Vrbas Banate are reviewed...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038485/-the-role-of-sanitary-conditions-in-the-apulian-aquedoct-construction-policy-in-bari
#18
Sabrina Veneziani
In the city of Bari (Italy), during the 19th century, energetic political battles were carried out between the administrators and governors in order to ensure the population the primary resource for life: the water. In this town, there were no rivers or drinking water sources; the thirsty population drank from public and private cisterns for collecting rainwater. The condition of the pavement, poor maintenance of the reservoirs and the presence of absorbent cesspits in the vicinity of the wells were often the cause of pathogenic microorganisms' infiltration, such as viruses, bacteria or parasites, which were responsible for the most common digestive disorders...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038484/-the-first-record-of-the-delivery-of-conjoined-twins-in-the-srem-county-in-the-19th-century
#19
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
In this paper is presented the first original document of the delivery of conjoined twins on the territory of the present-day Vojvodina. The document number 1224 consists of two handwritten quires. On the first page of the first quire are a description and a drawing of the delivered twins. The delivery was described and drawn by Dr. Ernest Furjaković, a shire physician in Ruma and the secondary physicus of the Srem County, who attended and handled the delivery. The conjoined twins were delivered in the night between 2 and 3 April 1852 in Mali Radinci, a small village in the Srem County nearby Ruma, in the far south of the Habsburg Monarchy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038483/a-new-museum-within-the-croatian-academy-of-sciences-and-arts-and-the-first-of-its-kind-in-croatia-the-croatian-museum-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#20
EDITORIAL
Silvija Brkić Midžić
One decade has passed since the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts initiated the foundation of the Croatian Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy, providing it with the location of 300m in Gundulićeva Street 24 in Zagreb. The foundation of the Museum was the Collection of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy which was in safekeeping of the Division for the History of Medical Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb for more than fifty years. It was put together by combining the materials from two collections: the pharmaceutical-historical collection in Zagreb, which subsequently became the collection of the Institute for the History of Pharmacy, and the one of the Croatian Medical History Museum, which was established in 1944 within the Croatian Medical Association...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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