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Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA

Michele Colaci, Giovanni Ponti
We presented and discussed one interesting medical prescription by doctor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927), who prescribed magnesium oxide (magnesia usta) to a patient with the diagnosis of "neuralgia of the celiac plexus of rheumatic origin". Besides the traditional use of magnesium as antacid remedy at the time, we raised the hypothesis that magnesium could be administered by Moscati in order to treat the neuralgia itself. Considering the scientific background of Moscati at the school of Filippo Bottazzi (1867-1941), a father of Italian biochemistry, we suggested that the doctor tried to apply the preliminary concepts acquired from electrophysiological studies on magnesium to his clinical practice...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Dario Piombino-Mascali
This short paper aims to explore analogies between the two famous embalmers from Lombardy, Giovan Battista Rini and Paolo Gorini. These extraordinary figures are wellknown due to their petrified specimens and are compared on the basis of preparation typologies, materials employed and the shroud of mystery that characterized their stories.
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Luca Borghi
Leopold Auenbrugger (1722-1809), the inventor of percussion, joins René Laennec as the father of modern physical examination. On the occasion of the bicentennial of the invention of the stethoscope (1816), I went in search of the material footprints left by Auenbrugger in his homeland, Austria. This attempt led me to construct a rather fragmented picture, with some disillusionment (e.g. about his tomb) and some pleasant surprise (e.g. a new interpretation of the extant iconography). Apparently, posterity has not been sufficiently mindful of or grateful towards this great innovator of medical science...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Gregory Tsoucalas, Mohsen Naseri, Eirini Choremi
The ancient Greek medico-philosophical school of the island of Rhodes was lost in the fog of history. However, the discovery of a stone column dedicated to Pheidias unveiled somehow some parts of its tale. The Island of Rhodes became in the 4th century BC a place of significant process in philosophy and medicine. Having both an Asclepieion and a Medical School with a rich library, the Rhodian Asclepiades transmitted their knowledge to future schools. Pheidias Apollonius was a member of the School of Rhodes, who was celebrated for his practise by the city-state of Athens...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Željko Dugac
To gain control and domination over a particular territory, medicine was often used as a tool for promoting different interests. Using the activities of the League of Nations Health Organization and the Rockefeller Foundation on the territory of China in 1930s, this paper analyses the interconnection of the international and local factors in the transformation of the traditional Chinese milieu to suit the new and trendy public health projects. These activities were conducted not only to improve the public health conditions in the country, but also to introduce the Chinese public health to the processes of internationalization and standardization to the west oriented type of medicine and medical education...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Stella Fatović-Ferenčić, Jasenka Ferber Bogdan
This paper presents the role of Eugen Viktor Feller, a pharmacist and factory owner, with an emphasis on his marketing strategy in advertising his pharmacy specialty Elsa. Various types of contemporary press and advertising leaflets and packaging were used as a starting point for analysis. The abundance of the collected material provided an insight into Feller's communication strategy of the approach to consumers, comparing advertising in different media and time spans. Following the appearance and elaboration of visual communication phenomena as part of family interest, approaches and advances in the development of advertising in the projects of Feller's sons Miroslav and Ferdinand were presented...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
José Ramón Vallejo, Marina Mesa, José Miguel Cobos-Bueno
The correction of clubfoot as a subject of study is somewhat unusual, especially if one considers that up until the Renaissance only two authors dealt with the subject of this inherited disorder. On the one hand is Ambroise Paré, whose contributions to traumatology and orthopaedics are staggering, and on the other, Francisco Arceo de Fregenal, also known as the Ambroise Paré of Spain. Both men developed a method for treating this condition, and a special orthopaedic shoe. So, why is it that in the Spanish literature the French surgeon was considered the pioneer in the development of an orthopaedic boot from the start and not Arceo? Why was the work of the Spaniard not studied in depth, as it deserves to be? These questions troubled us and led us to write this paper, in which as the primary objective we decided to highlight Arceo's contributions to the field of orthopaedics...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Bruno Atalić
Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis's significance for the history of medicine lies in his discovery of the cause of puerperal fever. He discovered it during his work at the First Obstetrics Clinic of the Vienna's Allgemeines Krankenhaus. Since the mentioned Clinic, led by the doctors, had much higher mortality rates of the child-bearing women than the Second Obstetrics Clinic, led by the midwives, he wanted to determine the causes of such a state. He came to the conclusion that puerperal sepsis was transmitted by the doctors and medical students, who after performing the anatomical sections started to perform the births with their hands beforehand washed only with soap...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Mojtaba Heydari, Behnam Dalfardi, Samad Ej Golzari, Syed Mohd Abbas Zaidi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat
Historical literature on portal hypertension is mainly focused on the contemporary advances in therapeutic methods, especially surgical ones. However, it seems that the origin of the human knowledge on the portal system, its association with the caval system, obstructive pathologies in this system and the gastrointestinal bleeding due to hepatic diseases might be much older than previously believed. Avicenna provided a detailed anatomy of the portal venous system and its feeding branches in the Canon of Medicine...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Przemyslaw Wolak, Andrzej Wincewicz, Anna Porębska, Stanislaw Sulkowski, Agnieszka Wincewicz-Price, Jonathan Price
Professor Zofia Umiastowska Sawicka laid the foundations for modern pediatric surgery in Poland, first in Bialystok, and subsequently in Kielce. She was a student of Prof. Jan Kossakowski from Warsaw Medical University to be counted among his most talented and skilled disciples. Professor Umiastowska became the head of the first Department of Pediatric Surgery in Bialystok, which was later incorporated into the Medical Academy of Bialystok. In 1977 she moved to Kielce to run the Department of Pediatric Surgery until her retirement in 1991...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Christos S Baltas, Alexia P Balanika, Olga J Carapanayiotis, Graeme Hesketh, Markos N Sgantzos
John C. Carapanayiotis was specialized in physical medicine and rehabilitation in the USA in 1948, at a time when the medical world in post-war Greece was ignorant of this specific medical specialty, and the political, economic and social backdrop was incapable of accepting and understanding the wealth of scientific knowledge that he was trying to introduce. At this point it should be noted that the specialty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was established in Greece in 1973. John C. Carapanayiotis was a member of the American Congress of Physical Medicine during the 1950's...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Constantin Ionescu-Tirgoviste, Octavian Buda
The purpose of this article is to describe the research of Nicolae Constantin Paulescu and to emphasize his role in the discovery of insulin. METHODS: We made a thorough review of the literature and research in the Romanian Academy Archive in order to find adequate references. RESULTS: In 1912 N.C. Paulescu analysed the clinical and biochemical alterations in diabetic patients and in dogs after performing a pancreatectomy, that apart hyperglycemia and glycosuria (carbohydrate metabolism), had noted also changes in lipid and protein metabolism...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Stefano Eramo, Caterina Bensi, Stefano Belli, Stefano Pagano
The birth of the Degree in Dentistry in Italy has been very troubled, and only in 1980 saw its effective implementation. Very "instructive" in this regard is the history on the establishment in 1924 (the period of the seizure of power by Fascism) of a "National School of Dentistry" at the University of Rome, which was withdrawn after only ten months. The biggest supporter and proponent of the School, Prof. Angelo Chiavaro, after a few years, was "punished" with the transfer from the University of Rome to that of Genoa...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Antonia Kotsiou, Vasiliki Michalaki, Helen N Anagnostopoulou
In the recent Greek ages the most devastating epidemics were plague, smallpox, leprosy and cholera. In 1816 plague struck the Ionian and Aegean Islands, mainland Greece, Constantinople and Smyrna. The Venetians ruling the Ionian Islands effectively combated plague in contrast to the Ottomans ruling all other regions. In 1922, plague appeared in Patras refugees who were expelled by the Turks from Smyrna and Asia Minor. Inoculation against smallpox was first performed in Thessaly by the Greek women, and the Greek doctors Emmanouel Timonis (1713, Oxford) and Jakovos Pylarinos (1715, Venice) made relevant scientific publications...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Alessandro Raffi, Anna Siri, Cristina Tornali, Mariano Martini
Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Urotherapy is widespread in Spanish folk medicine. Among the 204 collected remedies, those related to treatment of diseases or skin conditions predominate (63%)...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Farzaneh Ghaffari, Mohsen Naseri, Razieh Jafari Hajati, Arman Zargaran
Medical history explains that Persian physicians used scientific methods based on clinical experiences and observations for treatment from pre-Islamic time (before 637 AD) and centuries later (in the Islamic era). Rhazes was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of medicine and philosophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate clinical experiences, as well as the ethical and critical views of Rhazes in medical practice. Rhazes promoted ethics in the medical profession...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Francesca Monza, Paola Badino, Marta Licata
This study aims to analyze Johann Gottlieb Walter's biography (1734-1818), a German physician that specialized in human anatomy, who received an award of the Göttingen Royal Academy of Sciences. Here, we describe his technique of preparing bones for educational purposes through the comparison of other widely used techniques. The article also focuses on the great historical, scientific and didactic values of the anatomical preparations. In Europe during the eighteenth century the activity of some anatomists and physiologists, who were dedicated to the realization of anatomical preparations, testified the progress of medicine in the study of the human body, fundamental knowledge for physician training...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Igor Eterović
This paper presents the impressive activity of the Croatian Society for the History of Health Culture on the occasion of the half-century anniversary. The short overall historical review of the Society's history is given, and three particularly important projects are highlighted: the science conventions "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History" ("Rijeka i Riječani u medicinskoj povjesnici"), the scientific journal AMHA - Acta medico-historica Adriatica, and the special section called "In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus" ("Asklepiju i Orfeju u čast")...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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