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Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA

Marco Cascella
Professor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927) was canonized by the Catholic Church in 1987. This act recognized the extraordinary qualities of a doctor who, considering his work as a "sublime mission", dedicated his life to helping the sick. The fame of the "Holy doctor" or "doctor of the poor", as people called him, was soon widespread and, immediately after his death, made him the subject of several biographies. These treatises, mainly written by religious hagiographers, have little analyzed Moscati as a doctor and scientist, or, in rare cases, privileged the description of his medical career, touching only marginally salient aspects of his work as a scientist and researcher...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Ante Škrobonja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Marianna Karamanou, Paraskevi-Evangelia Iavazzo, Xanthi-Ekaterini D Gkegke, George Androutsos, Christos Iavazzo
Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Konstantinos Markatos, Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
This manuscript represents an attempt to review orthopaedic implants and reconstructive orthopaedic surgery for lower limbs lesions or trauma mainly in the 20th century. We emphasized on the type of implants, the biomaterials and their evolution, and we also engaged in a special reference for the pioneers of orthopaedic implant surgery and the innovative designers of those implants, in such a way to understand the ways and the stages through which they evolved to their present forms, as well as the scientific principles that affected their design and progress...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Marinko Lazzarich
The fact that many famous denizens of Rijeka belong to different nationalities confirms this city's historic multicultural image. The life story of Erik Vio (1910-1966), renowned surgeon of international reputation, reflects the fate of many displaced residents of Rijeka who left to live in exile. After graduating in Rome, Vio worked as a medical doctor in Hong Kong for almost three decades. The question is weather a surgeon from Rijeka chose to live in Hong Kong because it reminded him of his hometown? The author finds the root of this thesis in Vio's novel The Pathways of Freedom (˝Irwege der Freiheit˝, Köln 1978), a particular medical-philosophic diagnosis of the contemporary civilization's spiritual state...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Rajko Fures, Dubravko Habek, Drago Kozina
Red Cross Hospital in Krapina, during the First World War, was active from 1914 to 1918. Hospital led by Dr. Mirko Crkvenac, oriented humanist. The hospital is operated thanks to the help of municipalities and citizens. The hospital staff concern is for civilian and military victims of the First World War. Dr. Crkvenac, with the support of the City of Krapina and Mayor Vilibald Sluga, he succeeds to the organization and operation of the hospital to an enviable level. Across the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Croatian, Hospitals Red Cross, had a significant role in caring for the wounded, injured and sick soldiers and civilians...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Ronald P Rubin
While scientists were always cognizant of the fact that they must be objective about the questions they ask of nature, there was a time when they were less willing to consider the diverse views that could be contributed by female participation. Undervalued in terms of their intellect, ambition, and curiosity, women found it difficult to compete for and/or retain a research post, particularly when they married. As a result, many women undaunted by existing convention had to work without remuneration or were financially supported by colleagues and/ or relatives...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Alexia P Balanika, Christos S Baltas, Antonio Leone
During the siege of Missolonghi by the Ottomans the conditions of hygiene living, clothing and feeding of the vast majority of enslaved Greeks could be assessed as deprived and miserable. The humid climate and geophysical environment favored the outbreak of epidemics that further darkened an already unfavorable situation of the fighters and their families. Necessarily, the priority was to meet the military and economic needs and secondarily tackling public health issues, health care and medicine - social welfare...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
S M Abbas Zaidi, S S Jameel, Kehkashan Jafri, Shariq A Khan, Ehsan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cupping (Hijamah) therapy is very well documented as a result of several thousand years of clinical experiences in Unani medicine. In this procedure, suction is created by various means either with or without bloodletting. Though this therapy is being widely practiced across the globe for treating many chronic and intractable ailments but many reports reveal its unscientific and improper practices which results in many complications. Therefore to develop standard operative procedures and to propose protocols of cupping therapy in various diseases is the need of hour...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Mariano Martini, Ilaria Gorini, Marta Licata, Francesco De Stefano, Michele Schiavone, Rosagemma Ciliberti
The seventeenth century is a period of transition from religious views that are not authentic but dogmatic about demonic influences to the application of scientific and methodological criteria in science. During Enlightenment there was an approach heavily influenced by ethical issues. In this context, there is a rational recognition of the value of man free from the teleological type references. Mental illnesses are treated using scientific criteria. During the seventeenth century clinical interest is also extended to psychosis and not only to neurosis...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Siro Igino Trevisanato
Anaximander's fragments on biology report a theory of evolution, which, unlike the development of other biological systems in the ancient Aegean, is naturalistic and is not based on metaphysics. According to Anaximander, evolution affected all living beings, including humans. The first biological systems formed in an aquatic environment, and were encased in a rugged and robust envelope. Evolution progressed with modifications that enabled the formation of more dynamic biological systems. For instance, after reaching land, the robust armors around aquatic beings dried up, and became brittle, This led to the loss of the armor and the development of more mobile life forms...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Dubravko Habek, Jasna Čerkez Habek
The Great War was the beginning of the settlement of the Russian population in the town of Bjelovar in war conditions, most often as prisoners of war directed to the treatment of the military or civilian hospital. Thus, in Bjelovar during the Great War died 71 members of the Russian people, principally the soldiers, prisoners. Some were later permanently inhabited, founded by his family and worked in Bjelovar longer or shorter time.
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Dunja Peko, Marin Vodanović
Roman city Cibalae (Vinkovci) - the birthplace of Roman emperors Valentinian I and Valens was a very well developed urban ares in the late antique what was evidenced by numerous archaeological findings. The aim of this paper is to get insight in dental health of antique population of Cibalae. One hundred individuals with 2041 teeth dated to 3rd - 5th century AD have been analyzed for caries, antemortem tooth loss, periapical diseases and tooth wear. Prevalence of antemortem tooth loss was 4.3% in males, 5.2% in females...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Amir Muzur, Iva Rinčić
The "infectious" ardour of Andrija Štampar's doctrine is well known, not only through the accounts of his contemporaries but also from domestic and foreign literature. After all, this ardour has become ingrained in people and institutions, who have carried it on for decades. This article follows the life of prominent bearers of Štampar's ardour in Rijeka's history of medicine - the obstetrician and inventor Viktor Finderle (1902-1964), the epidemiologist Ante Švalba (1903-1989), the long-time director of the People's Health Centre Kajetan Blečić (1917-2005), and the former director of the Public Health Institute Vjekoslav Bakašun (b...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Ivica Balen, Marica Jandrić-Balen
There is a profound and permanent connection between Franciscans and Slavonski Brod (formerly known as Brod na Savi). It has lasted for centuries, as Franciscans were present in the town even during the Turkish occupation. They were the first town pastors after its independence from the Turks in 1691 and are present today with churches, monasteries, and the Franciscan High School, which opened in 1995. Their chronicles describing the events from 1706 to 1932 are an important source of historical information, especially for local historians...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Vlatka Dugački, Krešimir Regan
World War I irrevocably changed the face of the world, including Croatia and its capital Zagreb. While between 1880 and 1910 Zagreb became a modern European city, World War I (1914-1918) was marked by new municipal regulations that overturned the everyday life of the city. Social conditions reached catastrophic proportions, especially in the later years of the war. Soldiers and refugees swarmed the city, and famine and the Spanish flu epidemic hit it hard. In such harsh social and economic circumstances Milan Rojc, head of the Theology and Education Department and three doctors from the Sisters of Mercy Hospital, namely, Theodor Wikerhauser, Miroslav Čačković pl...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
By analysing his unpublished and published works, we have identified anthropological elements in the studies of Croatian physician Fran Gundrum Oriovčanin (1856-1919) that distinguish him as one of the rare researchers in Croatia who attempted to synthesize cultural and biological anthropology. Gundrum collected comparative data on biological characteristics of various ethnic groups, searched for a connection between biological structures and cultural development, and assessed certain social facts and customs from the perspective of medical teleology...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Stipo Pilić
This article is dedicated to Alfred Sindik (1890-1976), the first Croat specialised in epidemiology. As a student he volunteered at the Institute of Hygiene in Zagreb in its early days. He took his degree from the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1929. For many years, he worked at the Institute of Epidemiology, of which ten as its director, having succeeded Dr Černozubov on this position. On 23 July 1949, he received his specialisation degree in epidemiology to become our first epidemiologist. On 14 December 1957, he was promoted to chief physician...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Agneza Szabo
This article gives a brief review of the scientific, academic, and political activity of Josip Šilović, and most importantly of his humanitarian work. He will be remembered for saving thousands of children who lost their fathers or brothers to World War I and who were left to starve to death. To this end Šilović and his associates established several funds and organisations, most notably Narodna zaštita. He continued with his humanitarian activities until he died in Zagreb in 1939.
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Suzana Inić, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić, Nikola Kujundžić
This article looks into the autobiography of the Croatian chemist and pharmacognosist Antun Vrgoč (1881-1949) entitled My Memories of the World War 1914-1920 and published in Zagreb in 1937. The author was captured in October 1914 and deported to Siberia, where he remained prisoner of war until 1920. Since there are few memoirs describing the life of Siberian prisoners during the First World War, this work is a precious testimony about the attitude towards the prisoners of war, human relations, and the survival of an AustroHungarian army officer...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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