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Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402122/detailed-analysis-of-research-and-practice-in-the-life-of-a-pediatric-surgeon-in-east-central-europe-in-the-20th-century-an-example-of-prof-zofia-umiastowska-sawicka
#1
Przemyslaw Wolak, Andrzej Wincewicz, Anna Porębska, Stanislaw Sulkowski, Agnieszka Wincewicz-Price, Jonathan Price
Professor Zofia Umiastowska Sawicka laid the foundations for modern pediatric surgery in Poland, first in Bialystok, and subsequently in Kielce. She was a student of Prof. Jan Kossakowski from Warsaw Medical University to be counted among his most talented and skilled disciples. Professor Umiastowska became the head of the first Department of Pediatric Surgery in Bialystok, which was later incorporated into the Medical Academy of Bialystok. In 1977 she moved to Kielce to run the Department of Pediatric Surgery until her retirement in 1991...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402121/john-c-carapanayiotis-1909-1999-the-greek-radiologist-and-pioneer-of-physiatry-in-greece
#2
Christos S Baltas, Alexia P Balanika, Olga J Carapanayiotis, Graeme Hesketh, Markos N Sgantzos
John C. Carapanayiotis was specialized in physical medicine and rehabilitation in the USA in 1948, at a time when the medical world in post-war Greece was ignorant of this specific medical specialty, and the political, economic and social backdrop was incapable of accepting and understanding the wealth of scientific knowledge that he was trying to introduce. At this point it should be noted that the specialty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was established in Greece in 1973. John C. Carapanayiotis was a member of the American Congress of Physical Medicine during the 1950's...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402120/nicolae-constantin-paulescu-the-first-explicit-description-of-the-internal-secretion-of-the-pancreas
#3
Constantin Ionescu-Tirgoviste, Octavian Buda
The purpose of this article is to describe the research of Nicolae Constantin Paulescu and to emphasize his role in the discovery of insulin. METHODS: We made a thorough review of the literature and research in the Romanian Academy Archive in order to find adequate references. RESULTS: In 1912 N.C. Paulescu analysed the clinical and biochemical alterations in diabetic patients and in dogs after performing a pancreatectomy, that apart hyperglycemia and glycosuria (carbohydrate metabolism), had noted also changes in lipid and protein metabolism...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402119/-very-late-but-too-early-prof-angelo-chiavaro-and-the-italian-degree-in-dentistry
#4
Stefano Eramo, Caterina Bensi, Stefano Belli, Stefano Pagano
The birth of the Degree in Dentistry in Italy has been very troubled, and only in 1980 saw its effective implementation. Very "instructive" in this regard is the history on the establishment in 1924 (the period of the seizure of power by Fascism) of a "National School of Dentistry" at the University of Rome, which was withdrawn after only ten months. The biggest supporter and proponent of the School, Prof. Angelo Chiavaro, after a few years, was "punished" with the transfer from the University of Rome to that of Genoa...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402118/devastating-epidemics-in-recent-ages-greek-populations
#5
Antonia Kotsiou, Vasiliki Michalaki, Helen N Anagnostopoulou
In the recent Greek ages the most devastating epidemics were plague, smallpox, leprosy and cholera. In 1816 plague struck the Ionian and Aegean Islands, mainland Greece, Constantinople and Smyrna. The Venetians ruling the Ionian Islands effectively combated plague in contrast to the Ottomans ruling all other regions. In 1922, plague appeared in Patras refugees who were expelled by the Turks from Smyrna and Asia Minor. Inoculation against smallpox was first performed in Thessaly by the Greek women, and the Greek doctors Emmanouel Timonis (1713, Oxford) and Jakovos Pylarinos (1715, Venice) made relevant scientific publications...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402117/-renaissance-medicine-and-the-discovery-of-the-lesser-circulation-the-role-of-michael-servetus-1511-1553
#6
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Alessandro Raffi, Anna Siri, Cristina Tornali, Mariano Martini
Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Urotherapy is widespread in Spanish folk medicine. Among the 204 collected remedies, those related to treatment of diseases or skin conditions predominate (63%)...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402116/rhazes-a-pioneer-in-contribution-to-trials-in-medical-practice
#7
Farzaneh Ghaffari, Mohsen Naseri, Razieh Jafari Hajati, Arman Zargaran
Medical history explains that Persian physicians used scientific methods based on clinical experiences and observations for treatment from pre-Islamic time (before 637 AD) and centuries later (in the Islamic era). Rhazes was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of medicine and philosophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate clinical experiences, as well as the ethical and critical views of Rhazes in medical practice. Rhazes promoted ethics in the medical profession...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402115/johann-gottlieb-walter-1734-1818-and-the-technical-preparation-of-bones-in-an-anatomical-cabinet-in-the-late-eighteenth-and-nineteenth-century
#8
Francesca Monza, Paola Badino, Marta Licata
This study aims to analyze Johann Gottlieb Walter's biography (1734-1818), a German physician that specialized in human anatomy, who received an award of the Göttingen Royal Academy of Sciences. Here, we describe his technique of preparing bones for educational purposes through the comparison of other widely used techniques. The article also focuses on the great historical, scientific and didactic values of the anatomical preparations. In Europe during the eighteenth century the activity of some anatomists and physiologists, who were dedicated to the realization of anatomical preparations, testified the progress of medicine in the study of the human body, fundamental knowledge for physician training...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402114/crime-and-madness-at-the-opposite-shores-of-the-adriatic-moral-insanity-in-italian-and-croatian-psychiatric-discourses
#9
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402113/-state-school-polyclinic-in-petrinja-1925-1945
#10
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402112/the-fiftieth-anniversary-of-the-croatian-scientific-society-for-the-history-of-health-culture
#11
EDITORIAL
Igor Eterović
This paper presents the impressive activity of the Croatian Society for the History of Health Culture on the occasion of the half-century anniversary. The short overall historical review of the Society's history is given, and three particularly important projects are highlighted: the science conventions "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History" ("Rijeka i Riječani u medicinskoj povjesnici"), the scientific journal AMHA - Acta medico-historica Adriatica, and the special section called "In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus" ("Asklepiju i Orfeju u čast")...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309179/development-of-homologous-skin-bone-and-other-soft-tissues-transplantation-in-slovenia
#12
REVIEW
Matija Šatej, Zvonka Zupanič Slavec
In Slovenia, transplantation of tissues such as skin and bone was successfully following global trends throughout its history. First documented homologous skin graft was already mentioned back in 1901. Alongside with new discoveries in immunology and advancements in burn surgery, skin transplantation development surged in the second half of 20th century. Slovenia's first and currently the only skin bank was established in 1973, in Ljubljana. Throughout its existence it always managed to supply skin grafts for patients that were in vast majority burn victims...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309178/ivth-scientific-congress-of-central-society-of-balneologists-of-austria-in-opatija-1904
#13
REVIEW
Aleš Fischinger, Janez Fischinger, Duša Fischinger
The authors were interested in the lectures' themes, organisation, the course, and the accompanied activities at the balneology congress in Opatija in 1904. The congress was organised by the principle of the health resort at the time Professor Dr Julius Glax, and consisted of two separate parts. The first part was held in Opatija from October 13 until 15, 1904. There were lectures, auto-papers, summaries, reports, discussions, and the afternoon expert trip to Crikvenica by boat. In Opatija the participants were shown the spa park, the rehabilitation paths for patients with heart difficulties, marine baths Angiolona and Slatina, the covered spa Erzherzog Ludwig Viktor Bad, and of the health institution Zander Institute...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309177/-the-final-resting-places-of-some-physicians-at-rijeka-cemeteries-kozala-and-trsat-of-the-19th-20th-century
#14
REVIEW
Daina Glavočić
Nowadays, cemeteries are becoming interesting tourist destinations and places of interest for domestic citizens or chance travellers who, by visiting cemeteries, wish to gain more insight into the city they are visiting. It is through the tombstones that cemeteries offer a plethora of diverse information about their city and the inhabitants who had built them. The gravestones keep memories about religion, lettering, language or wealth and power, as well as the many artistic styles throughout the graveyards history...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309176/new-contributions-to-the-study-of-the-life-and-work-of-vinko-fran%C3%A4-i%C3%A5-kovi%C3%A4-1919-1984-pioneer-of-croatian-cardiothoracic-and-transplantation-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Davor Primc, Amir Muzur, Robert Doričić, Dean Markić
AIM: To explore personal biography of Vinko Frančišković (1919-1984), to improve the understanding of the beginnings of Croatian cardiothoracic and transplantation surgery. METHODS: Comparative critical analysis of written published materials, archival materials and information collected through oral history interviews. RESULTS: Vinko Serafin Frančišković was born in Praputnjak, a settlement of the eastern surroundings of Rijeka, Croatia...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309175/-presentation-of-the-medical-activity-of-dr-valentin-lucas-as-the-first-specialist-of-the-obstetrics-gynaecology-and-venerology-in-rijeka-pula-and-labin-at-the-end-of-the-19th-and-early-20th-century
#16
REVIEW
Lucijan Mohorović
Dr Valentin Lucas was born in Labin on 19 March 1873. His ancestors moved to Labin from Gora (near Labin) in the 17th century. Valentin was a common name in his family. His family was well known for having many well educated members including lawyers, doctors, and priests. The last member of their family was Giacomo who committed suicide few years after the Second World War. According to now known facts, we can say that Dr Valen Lucas was the first doctor in Rijeka who specialised in gynaecology, obstetrics and venereology, with the reputation and knowledge from working in Trieste and Vienna...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309174/-frequency-of-verbs-with-psychiatric-or-psychological-characteristics-made-by-the-croatian-prefixes-po-and-pri-in-the-speech-of-the-eastern-part-of-the-croatian-ravni-kotari-region
#17
Eduard Pavlović, Alojz Pavlović, Jelena Pavlović, Vlatka Pavlović
A prefix (a category of an affix) added in front of the radix or the base make together one unit, determining the significance or grammatical function of the word. Our intention is to research the verbs with psychiatric or psychological characteristics made with the Croatian prefixes po and pri in the determined linguistic types. One linguistic material (issue) of the speech of the eastern part of the Croatian Ravni Kotari region (one of the types of the Croatian štokavska ikavica dialect), which had before been collected by brothers Alojz and Eduard Pavlović, was used for this research...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309173/-holy-trinity-monument-in-the-city-of-osijek
#18
Bruno Atalić
Plague was one of the most deadly epidemic diseases of the Baroque period. Responses to it were not only medical, but religious as well. A good example of the latter is the Most Holy Trinity monument in the city of Osijek, which was in the 18th century the biggest town of the Kingdom of Slavonia and today is the regional centre in the Republic of Croatia. The monument was erected between 1729 and 1730 on the main square of the Osijek military fortress Tvrđa by the widow of the General Maksimilijan Petraš who died during the 1728 plague epidemic...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309172/sanitary-conditions-in-the-austrohungarian-war-harbour-pola-pula-croatia-in-1916-17-foundation-of-the-hygienic-institute
#19
Ana Alebić-Juretić
Since 1850 the town of Pola (today Pula, Croatia) underwent big changes and growth due to its transformation into the principal military port of Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Besides the Admiralty that governed the naval actions, the harbor was supported by different organizations needed for normal functioning of the harbor. One of this organizations was Naval Technical Committee (Marine Technisches Komitee), founded in 1874 with the purpose of solving the technical and technological issues related to the navy...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309171/-red-cross-war-hospital-in-rijeka-1914-1918
#20
Zorica Manojlović
The article describes how the system of medical care for wounded soldiers in Rijeka during the First World War was organized. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire the hospital care for sick and wounded soldiers, except of a military health care, was under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Red Cross. The Municipal Committee of the Hungarian Red Cross in Rijeka, established in 1881, renewed its previously suspended activity in August 1914, with the task of starting a war hospital for wounded soldiers. For this purpose, the former Hotel for emigrants, a large modern building opened in 1908, was converted...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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