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Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038494/constantin-von-economo-s-last-publication-a-commentary-on-charles-fraipont-s-%C3%A3-volution-c%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-brale
#1
Lazaros C Triarhou
This paper highlights a commentary written by the neurologist Constantin von Economo on a book published by the Belgian paleontologist Charles Fraipont in 1931. The commentary appears to be Economo's last opus, published posthumously in early 1933. The reviewed work deals with the evolution of the brain in primates, hominids and humans, presenting some interesting ideas about the phylogeny of the human cerebral hemispheres in conjunction with the living conditions of the genera in consideration.
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038493/electrotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-affected-by-rabies-experiments-conducted-at-the-maggiore-hospital-of-milan-in-1865
#2
Silvia Marinozzi, Matteo Gulino, Valentina Gazzaniga
During the nineteenth century, the scientific context of rabies treatment was weak due to the lack of the literature on specific nosology of the rabies disease, and unspecific and ineffective therapy approaches. Electrotherapy already represented an important therapeutic approach for nervous system diseases, although not specifically for rabies. In the present paper, the authors discuss the use of electrotherapy in the treatment of humans affected by rabies in an experimental study conducted at the Maggiore Hospital of Milan, with the aim of establishing the discovery of a possible specific therapy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038492/the-andreas-vesalius-woodblocks-a-four-hundred-year-journey-from-creation-to-destruction
#3
Stephen N Joffe, Veronica Buchanan
The purpose of this study was to trace the history of woodblocks created in 1542 by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Carved by the Venetian workmen on pear tree boards, the woodblocks were used in the Basel printing of Vesalius' works De Humani Corporis Fabrica and Epitome from 1543, The China Root Epistle (1546), and the frontispiece of the Fabrica, the edition from 1555. The blocks remained with the printer Oporinus in Basel until his death in 1568 when they were sold to the Froben family. The woodblocks reappeared in 1706 in a publication by Maschenbauer and were subsequently used by Leveling in 1783...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038491/some-social-aspects-of-discovery-synthesis-and-production-of-cortisone-in-the-1930s-1950s
#4
Daria Jadreškić
A discovery, synthesis and therapeutic application of cortisone present a paradigm for modern translational medicine (Hillier 2007, Saenger 2010), since they represented a joint achievement of discoveries by biochemists, Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein; large scale synthesis by an industrial chemist, Lewis Hastings Sarett, and therapeutic application by a rheumatologist, Philip Showalter Hench. The goal of translational medicine is to speed up the process between basic research and clinical practice, and to integrate multiple disciplines in order to understand diverse outcomes (Zhang et al...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038490/the-ophthalmological-observations-in-caelius-aurelianus-text-on-acute-and-on-chronic-diseases
#5
Konstantinos Laios, Marilita Moschos, George Androutsos
Caelius Aurelianus' Latin translation, De morbis acutis et chronicis, of Soranus of Ephesus' original Greek work is a work devoted to internal medicine. Nevertheless, there are some observations about ocular pathologies which reveal the level of the knowledge at that time about the eye and their use as elements of pathological semiology.
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038489/anesthesia-and-pain-management-in-traditional-iranian-medicine
#6
Alireza Salehi, Faranak Alembizar, Ayda Hosseinkhani
Studying the history of science could help develop an understanding of the contributions made by ancient nations towards scientific advances. Although Iranians had an important impact on the improvement of science, the history of Iranian medicine seems not to have been given enough attention by historians. The present study focused on the history of anesthesia and pain management in Iranian medical history. In this regard, related books such as Avesta and Shahnameh were studied in order to obtain the history of anesthesiology in Iranian pre Islamic era...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038488/-medical-elements-in-the-sacral-heritage-of-the-mo%C3%A5-%C3%A4-enice-region
#7
Robert Doričić, Ana Montan, Igor Eterović
Sacral heritage, religious practices and customs, and the ethnomedical heritage of the Mošćenice region have not had so far the attention of medico-historians, which represents the starting point of this paper. The research of the mentioned dimensions of medico-historical reality of Mošćenice and its surrounding area has been conducted on three levels. Starting with the usual methodology, sacral inventory of certain churches and chapels from the Mošćenice parish is analyzed from the perspective of the history of medicine...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038487/-the-role-and-contribution-of-chief-physician-matija-perak-1914%C3%A2-1992-to-the-foundation-and-development-of-phtisiology-in-petrinja-1946%C3%A2-1978
#8
Boris Vrga
The study shows the contribution of Matija Perak to the development of phthisiological service in Petrinja and the suppression of TB in the Sisak - Banija region in the period from 1946 to 1978. Having obtained data from the archive documents, it was possible to reconstruct his curative and preventive activities in the suppression of morbidity and mortality from TB in the Sisak - Banija region. His organizational and managerial, professional-scientific and publicistic work is highlighted, as well as his role in the reorientation of the profession towards chronic non-TB diseases and the education of new generations of phthisiologists in Petrinja...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038486/anthrax-of-domestic-animals-in-vrbas-banate-from-traditional-beliefs-to-the-first-scientific-views-on-the-ancient-disease
#9
Oliver N Stevanović, Drago N Nedić, Nemanja Šubarević, Obren Tomić
From 1929 to 1941, the Vrbas Banate was one of nine provinces of the Kingdom Yugoslavia, and according to historical data, the poorest one, without well-organized and sustainable agriculture production. Naturalistic production and poor animal health control in the Vrbas Banate were the most important risk factors for infectious disease spreading. Anthrax was very prevalent infectious disease in domestic animals and humans in that period, but some data on this disease remain scarce. In this paper epidemiology and clinical investigation of anthrax in the Vrbas Banate are reviewed...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038485/-the-role-of-sanitary-conditions-in-the-apulian-aquedoct-construction-policy-in-bari
#10
Sabrina Veneziani
In the city of Bari (Italy), during the 19th century, energetic political battles were carried out between the administrators and governors in order to ensure the population the primary resource for life: the water. In this town, there were no rivers or drinking water sources; the thirsty population drank from public and private cisterns for collecting rainwater. The condition of the pavement, poor maintenance of the reservoirs and the presence of absorbent cesspits in the vicinity of the wells were often the cause of pathogenic microorganisms' infiltration, such as viruses, bacteria or parasites, which were responsible for the most common digestive disorders...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038484/-the-first-record-of-the-delivery-of-conjoined-twins-in-the-srem-county-in-the-19th-century
#11
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
In this paper is presented the first original document of the delivery of conjoined twins on the territory of the present-day Vojvodina. The document number 1224 consists of two handwritten quires. On the first page of the first quire are a description and a drawing of the delivered twins. The delivery was described and drawn by Dr. Ernest Furjaković, a shire physician in Ruma and the secondary physicus of the Srem County, who attended and handled the delivery. The conjoined twins were delivered in the night between 2 and 3 April 1852 in Mali Radinci, a small village in the Srem County nearby Ruma, in the far south of the Habsburg Monarchy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038483/a-new-museum-within-the-croatian-academy-of-sciences-and-arts-and-the-first-of-its-kind-in-croatia-the-croatian-museum-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#12
EDITORIAL
Silvija Brkić Midžić
One decade has passed since the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts initiated the foundation of the Croatian Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy, providing it with the location of 300m in Gundulićeva Street 24 in Zagreb. The foundation of the Museum was the Collection of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy which was in safekeeping of the Division for the History of Medical Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb for more than fifty years. It was put together by combining the materials from two collections: the pharmaceutical-historical collection in Zagreb, which subsequently became the collection of the Institute for the History of Pharmacy, and the one of the Croatian Medical History Museum, which was established in 1944 within the Croatian Medical Association...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598963/-prof-giuseppe-moscati-1880-1927-a-special-issue-on-his-scientific-production
#13
Marco Cascella
Professor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927) was canonized by the Catholic Church in 1987. This act recognized the extraordinary qualities of a doctor who, considering his work as a "sublime mission", dedicated his life to helping the sick. The fame of the "Holy doctor" or "doctor of the poor", as people called him, was soon widespread and, immediately after his death, made him the subject of several biographies. These treatises, mainly written by religious hagiographers, have little analyzed Moscati as a doctor and scientist, or, in rare cases, privileged the description of his medical career, touching only marginally salient aspects of his work as a scientist and researcher...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598961/grigoris-lambrakis-1912-1963-a-greek-obstetrician-and-world-renowned-activist
#14
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Marianna Karamanou, Paraskevi-Evangelia Iavazzo, Xanthi-Ekaterini D Gkegke, George Androutsos, Christos Iavazzo
Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598960/hallmarks-in-the-history-of-orthopaedic-implants-for-trauma-and-joint-replacement
#15
Konstantinos Markatos, Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
This manuscript represents an attempt to review orthopaedic implants and reconstructive orthopaedic surgery for lower limbs lesions or trauma mainly in the 20th century. We emphasized on the type of implants, the biomaterials and their evolution, and we also engaged in a special reference for the pioneers of orthopaedic implant surgery and the innovative designers of those implants, in such a way to understand the ways and the stages through which they evolved to their present forms, as well as the scientific principles that affected their design and progress...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598959/-erik-vio-surgeon-from-rijeka-at-history-s-crossroad
#16
Marinko Lazzarich
The fact that many famous denizens of Rijeka belong to different nationalities confirms this city's historic multicultural image. The life story of Erik Vio (1910-1966), renowned surgeon of international reputation, reflects the fate of many displaced residents of Rijeka who left to live in exile. After graduating in Rome, Vio worked as a medical doctor in Hong Kong for almost three decades. The question is weather a surgeon from Rijeka chose to live in Hong Kong because it reminded him of his hometown? The author finds the root of this thesis in Vio's novel The Pathways of Freedom (˝Irwege der Freiheit˝, Köln 1978), a particular medical-philosophic diagnosis of the contemporary civilization's spiritual state...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598958/-red-cross-hospital-in-krapina-during-the-first-world-war-from-1914-to-1918
#17
Rajko Fures, Dubravko Habek, Drago Kozina
Red Cross Hospital in Krapina, during the First World War, was active from 1914 to 1918. Hospital led by Dr. Mirko Crkvenac, oriented humanist. The hospital is operated thanks to the help of municipalities and citizens. The hospital staff concern is for civilian and military victims of the First World War. Dr. Crkvenac, with the support of the City of Krapina and Mayor Vilibald Sluga, he succeeds to the organization and operation of the hospital to an enviable level. Across the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Croatian, Hospitals Red Cross, had a significant role in caring for the wounded, injured and sick soldiers and civilians...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598957/the-ascension-of-women-in-the-biomedical-sciences-during-the-twentieth-century
#18
Ronald P Rubin
While scientists were always cognizant of the fact that they must be objective about the questions they ask of nature, there was a time when they were less willing to consider the diverse views that could be contributed by female participation. Undervalued in terms of their intellect, ambition, and curiosity, women found it difficult to compete for and/or retain a research post, particularly when they married. As a result, many women undaunted by existing convention had to work without remuneration or were financially supported by colleagues and/ or relatives...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598956/medical-care-in-free-beseiged-missolonghi-1822-1826-johann-jacob-meyer-and-the-first-military-hospital
#19
Alexia P Balanika, Christos S Baltas, Antonio Leone
During the siege of Missolonghi by the Ottomans the conditions of hygiene living, clothing and feeding of the vast majority of enslaved Greeks could be assessed as deprived and miserable. The humid climate and geophysical environment favored the outbreak of epidemics that further darkened an already unfavorable situation of the fighters and their families. Necessarily, the priority was to meet the military and economic needs and secondarily tackling public health issues, health care and medicine - social welfare...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598955/ilaj-bil-hijamah-cupping-therapy-in-the-unani-system-of-medicine-anecdotal-practice-to-evidence-based-therapy
#20
S M Abbas Zaidi, S S Jameel, Kehkashan Jafri, Shariq A Khan, Ehsan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cupping (Hijamah) therapy is very well documented as a result of several thousand years of clinical experiences in Unani medicine. In this procedure, suction is created by various means either with or without bloodletting. Though this therapy is being widely practiced across the globe for treating many chronic and intractable ailments but many reports reveal its unscientific and improper practices which results in many complications. Therefore to develop standard operative procedures and to propose protocols of cupping therapy in various diseases is the need of hour...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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