journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615945/ictal-blinking-an-under-recognized-phenomenon-our-experience-and-literature-review
#1
Marco Andrea Nicola Saporito, Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Giuseppa Di Stefano, Pasquale Striano, Roberto Horacio Caraballo, Raffaele Falsaperla
Ictal blinking (IB) is a very rare disease manifesting as an epileptic motor event in children and adults. Until now it has not been included in any classification of focal seizures of the International League Against Epilepsy Commission. It could be unilateral or bilateral, isolated or in association with other motor manifestations such as limbs' clonus and spasms. Its pathogenesis has not been clearly established: paroxysmal discharges from different areas of the brain could cause IB by activation of trigeminal fibers...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603421/effects-of-stimulus-parameters-on-motor-seizure-duration-in-electroconvulsive-therapy
#2
Sung Woo Joo, Yeon Ho Joo, Chang Yoon Kim, Jung Sun Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of stimulus parameters on the occurrence of adequate seizures and reconsidered the factors related to motor seizure duration. METHODS: The medical records of 187 patients who received ECT in Asan Medical Center from January 2007 to May 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The starting stimulus dose was determined using a preselected-dose method and the cutoff value to determine the adequate motor seizure duration was 20-25 seconds...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603420/development-of-a-body-image-concern-scale-using-both-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-in-chinese-university-students
#3
Wenxin He, Qiming Zheng, Yutian Ji, Chanchan Shen, Qisha Zhu, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: The body dysmorphic disorder is prevalent in general population and in psychiatric, dermatological, and plastic-surgery patients, but there lacks a structure-validated, comprehensive self-report measure of body image concerns, which is established through both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. METHODS: We have composed a 34-item matrix targeting the body image concerns and trialed it in 328 male and 365 female Chinese university students...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579788/primary-angle-closure-glaucomas-disturb-regional-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-the-visual-pathway-an-fmri-study
#4
Wei Chen, Li Zhang, Yong-Gen Xu, Kai Zhu, Man Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying regional brain activity deficits in the visual cortex in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) relative to normal controls (NCs) using regional homogeneity (ReHo) method, and its relationship with behavioral performances. PATIENTS: Twenty PACG patients (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± standard deviation [SD]: 54.42±9.46 years) and 20 age-, and sex status-matched NCs (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± SD: 53.75±9...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579787/the-impact-of-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-opioid-use-disorder-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Tea Rosic, Leen Naji, Monica Bawor, Brittany B Dennis, Carolyn Plater, David C Marsh, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
OBJECTIVE: There is a significant interindividual variability in treatment outcomes in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). This prospective cohort study examines the impact of comorbid psychiatric disorders on continued illicit opioid use in patients receiving MMT for OUD. METHODS: Data were collected from 935 patients receiving MMT in outpatient clinics between June 2011 and June 2015. Using linear regression analysis, we evaluated the impact of having a comorbid psychiatric disorder on continued illicit opioid use during MMT, adjusting for important confounders...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579786/topiramate-add-on-treatment-associated-with-normalization-of-prolactin-levels-in-a-patient-with-schizophrenia
#6
Yinglin Huang, Huan Ma, Yuan Wang, Miao Peng, Gang Zhu
Topiramate has been used increasingly in the management of psychiatric conditions. Clinical trials demonstrated that topiramate augmentation was effective in controlling negative symptoms in schizophrenia. This case report presents a case of a 38-year-old man with schizophrenia who achieved full negative symptom remission upon the adjunctive use of topiramate. However, the remarkable finding of this case is the concomitant decrease in the level of prolactin when topiramate (50 mg/day) was started and the rebound after discontinuation of topiramate...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579785/dexmedetomidine-for-the-management-of-postictal-agitation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-with-s-ketamine-anesthesia
#7
Suna Su Aksay, Jan Malte Bumb, Dmitry Remennik, Manfred Thiel, Laura Kranaster, Alexander Sartorius, Christoph Janke
OBJECTIVES: Postictal agitation (PIA) represents one of the most common complications during a modified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) course. Its clinical management can be challenging especially in cases with poor response to benzodiazepines. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist acting predominantly in the locus coeruleus, exerts sedative effects without causing relevant respiratory depression. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that aimed to assess the impact of dexmedetomidine use with S-ketamine anesthesia on PIA reduction in ECT...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579784/hirayama-disease-monomelic-amyotrophy-clinically-confused-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#8
Halil Ay
Hirayama disease (HD) is a rare motor neuron disorder that involves a single upper extremity. It is clinically characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hand and forearm. This article presents a 19-year-old woman who visited the orthopedics outpatient clinic with weakness and atrophy in her right hand and was clinically diagnosed with advanced stage carpal tunnel syndrome and scheduled for surgical intervention; she was later diagnosed with HD by an electrophysiological study. As a result, it has been found that a careful electrophysiological study and neurological examination can be used to diagnose HD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579783/developmental-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-uncomplicated-monochorionic-diamniotic-twins-born-in-the-third-trimester
#9
Amy Sierakowski, Valsamma Eapen, Rudi Črnčec, John Smoleniec
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies where there are no antenatal complications peculiar to monochorionicity or prematurity. METHODS: Twenty-two MCDA twins (44 children) with an average age of 4.3 years, and with no antenatal complications detected by 28 weeks of gestation, were recruited from a feto-maternal unit database. Parents completed a battery of neurodevelopmental and behavioral assessment questionnaires...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579782/effect-of-aripiprazole-on-non-24-hour-sleep-wake-rhythm-disorder-comorbid-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-report
#10
Kentaro Matsui, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Takeshi Inoue, Ken Inada, Katsuji Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Patients with non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder (N24SWD) exhibit a sleep pattern that is asynchronous with the external light-dark cycle, typically involving a cycling, relapsing-remitting pattern of sleep disturbances, including nighttime insomnia and daytime sleepiness. Here, we report the case of a patient with N24SWD comorbid with major depressive disorder, who was successfully treated with a low dose of aripiprazole. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old female presented with an 8-year complaint of difficulty falling asleep and waking up in the morning...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572731/understanding-the-associations-between-psychosocial-factors-and-severity-of-crime-in-juvenile-delinquency-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Sarper Taşkıran, Tuba Mutluer, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
PURPOSE: Juvenile delinquency is a serious and common problem. To date, several studies have focused on possible psychosocial risk factors for delinquency among youths and on the implications of childhood mental illness on child criminality. However, the literature on prevalence of psychopathology and predictors of crime severity among delinquent youths in Turkey is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study was to show the associations between crime severity and psychosocial factors such as gender, age, criminal history, concomitant attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbid psychiatric conditions, along with behavioral problem domains of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572730/characteristics-burden-of-illness-and-physical-functioning-of-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-and-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-us-survey
#12
Hillary J Gross, Crystal Watson
BACKGROUND: Although most patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) will develop secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), little is known about the burden of multiple sclerosis by disease subtype. This study describes the burden of disease in terms of demographics, disease severity, symptoms, health care resource and disease-modifying therapy (DMT) utilization, work and activity impairment, and physical functioning of SPMS and RRMS patients. METHODS: SPMS and RRMS patient responses from the 2012 and 2013 waves of the US National Health and Wellness Survey were evaluated to detect differences in demographics, disease severity, symptoms, and health care resource and DMT utilization...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553120/productivity-and-deadweight-losses-due-to-relapses-of-schizophrenia-in-japan
#13
Yusuke Nakamura, Jörg Mahlich
BACKGROUND: No study has examined the financial impact of relapses on schizophrenia from the perspective of Japanese society. This study aimed to estimate the societal costs in Japan caused by the relapses of schizophrenia. METHODS: The societal costs in Japan in 2013 due to relapses of schizophrenia were estimated by summing the productivity loss and deadweight loss caused by schizophrenia relapses in 2013. Deterministic sensitivity analysis was conducted for deadweight loss rate, relapse rate, and patient income...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553119/potential-role-of-pre-and-postnatal-testosterone-levels-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-there-a-sex-difference
#14
Liang-Jen Wang, Miao-Chun Chou, Wen-Jiun Chou, Min-Jing Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Pao-Yen Lin, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Yi-Hsin Yang, Cheng-Fang Yen
OBJECTIVE: Both prenatal testosterone (T) exposure and postnatal T levels have been associated with developing neural circuitry and behavioral systems. This study examined the potential correlation between pre- and postnatal T levels and behavioral and neurocognitive profiles of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Two hundred ADHD patients with a mean age of 8.7±2.0 years (158 boys and 42 girls) were recruited. The ratio of the length of the right index finger (2D) to that of the right ring finger (4D) (2D/4D ratio) served as a surrogate of prenatal T exposure, and postnatal T was determined using salivary T concentration...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553118/psychosis-in-parkinsonism-an-unorthodox-approach
#15
REVIEW
Marco Onofrj, Danilo Carrozzino, Aurelio D'Amico, Roberta Di Giacomo, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Astrid Thomas, Valeria Onofrj, John-Paul Taylor, Laura Bonanni
Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently considered as the occurrence of hallucinations and delusions. The historical meaning of the term psychosis was, however, broader, encompassing a disorganization of both consciousness and personality, including behavior abnormalities, such as impulsive overactivity and catatonia, in complete definitions by the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Our review is aimed at reminding that complex psychotic symptoms, including impulsive overactivity and somatoform disorders (the last being a recent controversial entity in PD), were carefully described in postencephalitic parkinsonism (PEP), many decades before dopaminergic treatment era, and are now described in other parkinsonisms than PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553117/robot-assisted-gait-training-for-stroke-patients-current-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives-of-robotics
#16
REVIEW
Giovanni Morone, Stefano Paolucci, Andrea Cherubini, Domenico De Angelis, Vincenzo Venturiero, Paola Coiro, Marco Iosa
In this review, we give a brief outline of robot-mediated gait training for stroke patients, as an important emerging field in rehabilitation. Technological innovations are allowing rehabilitation to move toward more integrated processes, with improved efficiency and less long-term impairments. In particular, robot-mediated neurorehabilitation is a rapidly advancing field, which uses robotic systems to define new methods for treating neurological injuries, especially stroke. The use of robots in gait training can enhance rehabilitation, but it needs to be used according to well-defined neuroscientific principles...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553116/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-antipsychotics-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-a-network-meta-analysis-in-a-japanese-population
#17
Taro Kishi, Toshikazu Ikuta, Shinji Matsunaga, Yuki Matsuda, Kazuto Oya, Nakao Iwata
BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy and tolerability of antipsychotics for schizophrenia are considerably well studied. This study aimed to examine whether previous findings could be replicated in a genetically distinct and homogenous group (ie, Japanese patients with schizophrenia) and whether previous findings could be extended to a broader range of antipsychotics with previously unclear relative efficacy and tolerability. METHODS: Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed in which randomized trials comparing any of the following interventions were included: second-generation antipsychotics, haloperidol, or placebo...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546752/essence-q-used-as-a-screening-tool-for-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-public-health-checkups-for-young-children-in-south-japan
#18
Yuhei Hatakenaka, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Eva Billstedt, Elisabeth Fernell, Christopher Gillberg
BACKGROUND: Screening for developmental disorders is an important task for Child Health Care. The concept of ESSENCE (early symptomatic syndromes eliciting neurodevelopmental clinical examinations) was created to cover all types of early developmental disorders and the ESSENCE-Questionnaire (ESSENCE-Q containing 12 questions with possible total scores ranging from 0 to 22) was developed as a tool for early detection of these disorders. The aim of this study was to perform a validation study in a public health situation in Japan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546751/novel-urinary-metabolite-signature-for-diagnosing-postpartum-depression
#19
Lin Lin, Xiao-Mei Chen, Rong-Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) could affect ~10% of women and impair the quality of mother-infant interactions. Currently, there are no objective methods to diagnose PPD. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify potential biomarkers for diagnosing PPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morning urine samples of PPD subjects, postpartum women without depression (PPWD) and healthy controls (HCs) were collected. The gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS)-based urinary metabolomic approach was performed to characterize the urinary metabolic profiling...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546750/biomarkers-for-depression-recent-insights-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca Strawbridge, Allan H Young, Anthony J Cleare
A plethora of research has implicated hundreds of putative biomarkers for depression, but has not yet fully elucidated their roles in depressive illness or established what is abnormal in which patients and how biologic information can be used to enhance diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. This lack of progress is partially due to the nature and heterogeneity of depression, in conjunction with methodological heterogeneity within the research literature and the large array of biomarkers with potential, the expression of which often varies according to many factors...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
journal
journal
40991
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"