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Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203084/use-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-auditory-hallucinations-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Pedro H Pondé, Eduardo P de Sena, Joan A Camprodon, Arão Nogueira de Araújo, Mário F Neto, Melany DiBiasi, Abrahão Fontes Baptista, Lidia Mvr Moura, Camila Cosmo
INTRODUCTION: Auditory hallucinations are defined as experiences of auditory perceptions in the absence of a provoking external stimulus. They are the most prevalent symptoms of schizophrenia with high capacity for chronicity and refractoriness during the course of disease. The transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) - a safe, portable, and inexpensive neuromodulation technique - has emerged as a promising treatment for the management of auditory hallucinations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the level of evidence in the literature available for the use of tDCS as a treatment for auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203083/sexual-dimorphism-in-parkinson-s-disease-differences-in-clinical-manifestations-quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-functioning-between-males-and-females
#2
Farzaneh Farhadi, Kia Vosoughi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Ahmad Delbari, Johan Lökk, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad
INTRODUCTION: Sex-related differences in clinical manifestations and consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been poorly explored. Better understanding of sexual dimorphism in neurologic diseases such as PD has been announced as a research priority. The aim of our study was to determine independent sex differences in clinical manifestations and subtypes, psychosocial functioning, quality of life (QoL) and its domains between male and female individuals with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive list of demographics, motor symptoms and subtypes, nonmotor features, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), psychosocial functioning and general aspects of daily life was assessed in 157 individuals (108 males and 49 females) with idiopathic PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#3
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203081/the-spectrum-of-psychosis-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-clinical-case-series
#4
Thomas G Gilberthorpe, Kara E O'Connell, Alison Carolan, Eli Silber, Peter A Brex, Naomi A Sibtain, Anthony S David
Psychosis in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS) has previously been reported as a rare occurrence. However, recent epidemiological studies have found prevalence rates of psychosis in MS that are two to three times higher than those in the general population. Untreated psychosis in patients with MS can adversely impact on adherence to MS medication, levels of disability, and quality of life. This retrospective case series describes the spectrum of psychotic disorders occurring in association with MS using demographic, clinical, and neuroimaging data...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203080/a-fully-integrated-new-paradigm-for-lithium-s-mode-of-action-lithium-utilizes-latent-cellular-fail-safe-mechanisms
#5
Arthur Ernst van Woerkom
It is proposed that lithium's therapeutic effects occur indirectly by augmenting a cascade of protective "fail-safe" pathways pre-configured to activate in response to a dangerous low cell [Mg(++)] situation, eg, posttraumatic brain injury, alongside relative cell adenosine triphosphate depletion. Lithium activates cell protection, as it neatly mimics a lowered intracellular [Mg(++)] level.
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203079/role-of-prediabetes-in-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Milija D Mijajlović, Vuk M Aleksić, Nadežda M Šternić, Mihailo M Mirković, Natan M Bornstein
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and probably the greatest cause of adult disability worldwide. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a state of accelerated aging of blood vessels. Patients with diabetes have increased risk of stroke. Hyperglycemia represents a risk factor for poor outcome following stroke, and probably is just a marker of poor outcome rather than a cause. Lowering of blood glucose levels has not been shown to improve prognosis. Also, prevention of stroke risk among patients with DM is not improved with therapy for reduction of glucose levels...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203078/a-survey-of-emedia-delivered-interventions-for-schizophrenia-used-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Farooq Naeem, Tariq Munshi, Shuo Xiang, Megan Yang, Farhad Shokraneh, Yumeen Syed, Muhammad Ayub, Clive E Adams, Saeed Farooq
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials evaluating electronic Media (eMedia) delivery of interventions are increasingly frequent in mental health. Although a number of reviews have reported efficacy of these interventions, none has reviewed the type of eMedia interventions and quality of their description. We therefore decided to conduct a survey of eMedia-delivered interventions for schizophrenia. METHODS: We surveyed all relevant trials reliably identified in the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive register of trials by authors working independently...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184165/visual-spatial-training-efficacy-in-children-affected-by-migraine-without-aura-a-multicenter-study
#8
Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Lucia Parisi, Margherita Salerno, Agata Maltese, Beatrice Gallai, Rosa Marotta, Serena Marianna Lavano, Francesco Lavano, Michele Roccella
Routinely in the clinical practice, children affected by migraine without aura (MwA) tend to exhibit severe and persistent difficulties within cognitive processes such as attention, memory, and visual-motor integration (VMI) skills. The aim of this study was to assess the visual-spatial and visual-motor abilities among a sample of children with MwA and the effects of a specific computerized training. The study population was composed of 84 patients affected by MwA (39 girls and 45 boys; mean age: 8.91±2.46 years), and they were randomly divided into two groups (group A and group B) comparable for age (P=0...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184164/assessment-and-monitoring-of-treatment-response-in-adult-adhd-patients-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
J Russell Ramsay
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome that emerges in childhood or early adolescence and persists into adulthood for a majority of individuals. There are many other adults with ADHD who may not seek out evaluation and treatment until adulthood, having been able to "get by" before struggling with inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity in adulthood, in addition to facing the associated features of disorganization, poor time management, and procrastination among many others...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182164/minimal-invasive-puncture-and-drainage-versus-endoscopic-surgery-for-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-basal-ganglia
#10
Zhihong Li, Yuqian Li, Feifei Xu, Xi Zhang, Qiang Tian, Lihong Li
Two prevalent therapies for the treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in basal ganglia are, minimally invasive puncture and drainage (MIPD), and endoscopic surgery (ES). Because both surgical techniques are of a minimally invasive nature, they have attracted greater attention in recent years. However, evidence comparing the curative effect of MIPD and ES has been uncertain. The indication for MIPD or ES has been uncertain till now. In the present study, 112 patients with spontaneous ICH in basal ganglia who received MIPD or ES were reviewed retrospectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182153/switching-bipolar-disorder-patients-treated-with-clozapine-to-another-antipsychotic-medication-a-mirror-image-study
#11
Petru Ifteni, Andreea Teodorescu, Marius Alexandru Moga, Alina Mihaela Pascu, Roxana Steliana Miclaus
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with periodic symptom exacerbations, leading to functional impairment, and increased risk of suicide. Although clozapine has never been approved for the treatment of BD, it is occasionally used in severe mania. The aim of the study is to evaluate the risks and benefits of switching clozapine in remitted BD patients. This is an observational, mirror image study of 62 consecutive remitted BD outpatients treated with clozapine. Twenty-five patients were switched to another antipsychotic following a change in a drug reimbursement rule, while 37 continued on clozapine...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182143/a-possible-role-of-the-infant-toddler-sensory-profile-in-screening-for-autism-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-specific-sample-of-prematurely-born-children-with-birth-weights-1-500-g
#12
Stepanka Beranova, Jan Stoklasa, Iva Dudova, Daniela Markova, Martina Kasparova, Jana Zemankova, Tomas Urbanek, Tomas Talasek, Pasi Luukka, Michal Hrdlicka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the potential of the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) as a screening tool for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in prematurely born children. METHODS: Parents of 157 children with birth weights <1,500 g (aged 2 years, corrected for prematurity; 88 boys, 69 girls) completed a screening battery that included the ITSP, Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), and the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Infant-Toddler Checklist (CSBS-DP-ITC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182138/construct-validity-of-the-depression-and-somatic-symptoms-scale-evaluation-by-mokken-scale-analysis
#13
Ya-Hsin Chou, Chin-Pang Lee, Chia-Yih Liu, Ching-I Hung
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of the Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale (DSSS), a free scale, have been based on the classical test theory, and the construct validity and dimensionality of the DSSS are as yet uncertain. The aim of this study was to use Mokken scale analysis (MSA) to assess the dimensionality of the DSSS. METHODS: A sample of 214 psychiatric outpatients with mood and anxiety disorders were enrolled at a medical center in Taiwan (age: mean [SD] =38...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182110/a-preliminary-study-of-patient-dignity-inventory-validation-among-patients-hospitalized-in-an-acute-psychiatric-ward
#14
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Giulio Cabri, Eleonora Carretti, Giacomo Galli, Nina Giambalvo, Giulia Rioli, Serena Saraceni, Giulia Spiga, Cinzia Del Giovane, Paola Ferri
PURPOSE: To investigate the perception of dignity among patients hospitalized in a psychiatric setting using the Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI), which had been first validated in oncologic field among terminally ill patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After having modified two items, we administered the Italian version of PDI to all patients hospitalized in a public psychiatric ward (Service of Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment of a northern Italian town), who provided their consent and completed it at discharge, from October 21, 2015 to May 31, 2016...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144147/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-an-easily-overlooked-neurologic-emergency
#15
REVIEW
Ramadhan Oruch, Ian F Pryme, Bernt A Engelsen, Anders Lund
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is an unpredictable iatrogenic neurologic emergency condition, mainly arising as an idiosyncratic reaction to antipsychotic agent use. It is characterized by distinctive clinical features including a change in mental status, generalized rigidity, hyperpyrexia, and dysautonomia. It can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated properly. Mortality and morbidity attributed to this syndrome have recently declined markedly due to greater awareness, earlier diagnosis, and intensive care intervention...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144146/evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-of-depressive-disorders-comorbid-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Liqiang Cai, Luoyi Xu, Lili Wei, Yi Sun, Wei Chen
OBJECTIVE: Overlap of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) complicates diagnosis of depressive disorder and renders antidepressant treatment challenging. Previous studies have reported that the incidence of OSA is higher in patients with depression than in the general population. The purpose of this article was to investigate clinical risk factors to predict OSA in depression disorders. METHODS: A total of 115 patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (in a major depressive episode), who underwent overnight polysomnography, were studied retrospectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144145/factor-structure-of-the-persian-version-of-general-social-and-negative-self-consciousness-of-appearance-domains-of-derriford-appearance-scale-59-an-application-in-the-field-of-burn-injuries
#17
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Zahra Zare, Fatemeh Ranjbar
BACKGROUND: The Derriford Appearance Scale 59 (DAS59) is a widely used measure of the spectrum of psychological distress and dysfunction that is characteristic of disfigurement. Also, disfigurement due to burn injury leads to feeling guilty or less socially competent, avoiding social situations, suicide, poor self-esteem, sexual difficulties, and depression. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt three subscales of DAS59 into Persian language and to investigate its factor structure for Iranian burned patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138247/effects-of-paliperidone-extended-release-on-hostility-among-thai-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Apichat Jariyavilas, Nuntika Thavichachart, Ronnachai Kongsakon, Sunanta Chantakarn, Suwanna Arunpongpaisal, Vasu Chantarasak, Piyadit Jaroensook, Khanogwan Kittiwattanagul, Osot Nerapusee
OBJECTIVE: This open-label prospective study investigated the effects of paliperidone extended release (ER) on hostility in Thai patients with schizophrenia. BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia may be hostile or exhibit aggressive behavior, which can occasion their admission to psychiatric hospital. Antipsychotic medications are often used to treat hostility and aggression in such patients. Paliperidone ER is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of schizophrenia...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138246/association-of-peripheral-neuropathy-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-in-myotonic-dystrophies
#19
Marta Banach, Jakub Antczak, Rafał Rola
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy (DM) type 1 and type 2 are inherited diseases characterized by myotonia and myopathy. Additional symptoms include, among others, peripheral neuropathy and sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs). There is growing evidence for a complex association between DM1 and DM2, which was described in patients with diabetes mellitus and in the general population. In this study, we investigated whether there is an association between peripheral neuropathy and SRBDs also in the population of patients with DM...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138245/quality-of-life-in-cervical-dystonia-after-treatment-with-botulinum-toxin-a-a-24-week-prospective-study
#20
Subsai Kongsaengdao, Benchalak Maneeton, Narong Maneeton
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify possible improvements in disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after multiple injections of botulinum toxin A over 24 weeks in Thai cervical dystonia (CD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 24-week prospective study comparing HRQoL of Thai CD patients before and after multiple injections of botulinum toxin A at 3-month intervals was performed. Disease-specific HRQoL was assessed by using the Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile-58 questionnaire (CDIP-58) and the Craniocervical Dystonia Questionnaire-24 (CDQ-24)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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