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Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331330/work-family-conflict-as-a-mediator-between-occupational-stress-and-psychological-health-among-mental-health-nurses-in-japan
#1
Norio Sugawara, Kazuma Danjo, Hanako Furukori, Yasushi Sato, Tetsu Tomita, Akira Fujii, Taku Nakagami, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress among mental health nurses may affect their psychological health, resulting in reduced performance. To provide high-quality, sustainable nursing care, it is necessary to identify and control the factors associated with psychological health among mental health nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of work-family conflict (WFC) in the well-known relationship between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331329/successful-treatment-for-psychomotor-agitation-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-with-trazodone-risperidone-combination-a-case-report
#2
Zui Narita, Harumasa Takano, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a relapsing disease that typically affects the spinal cord and optic nerves. So far, a few studies have reported pharmacologic treatment for psychiatric symptoms in patients with NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD). However, no literature has described psychomotor agitation associated with the disease and its treatment. We report an 84-year-old woman with NMOSD whose psychomotor agitation was effectively treated with a combination of trazodone and risperidone. Our observation suggests the ability of augmentation of antipsychotic drugs with antidepressants to ameliorate psychotic symptoms associated with NMOSD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331328/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-formulation-driven-cognitive-behavioral-guided-self-help-fcbt-gsh-for-crisis-and-transitional-case-management-clients
#3
Farooq Naeem, Rupinder K Johal, Claire Mckenna, Olivia Calancie, Tariq Munshi, Tariq Hassan, Amina Nasar, Muhammad Ayub
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is found to be effective for common mental disorders and has been delivered in self-help and guided self-help formats. Crisis and transitional case management (TCM) services play a vital role in managing clients in acute mental health crises. It is, therefore, an appropriate setting to try CBT in guided self-help format. METHODS: This was a preliminary evaluation of a formulation-driven cognitive behavioral guided self-help...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331327/erratum-confirmation-of-the-factorial-structure-of-the-japanese-short-version-of-the-temps-a-in-psychiatric-patients-and-general-adults-corrigendum
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 2173 in vol. 12, PMID: 27601911.].
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331326/lithium-in-late-life-mania-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Pasquale De Fazio, Raffaele Gaetano, Mariarita Caroleo, Maria Pavia, Giovanbattista De Sarro, Andrea Fagiolini, Cristina Segura-Garcia
The prevalence of mania among >65-year-olds ranges from 0.1% to 0.4% and its treatment is a particular challenge for clinicians. Although lithium is the treatment of choice for bipolar disorder (BD), its use in elderly population was recently questioned. This study provides a comprehensive review of literature on the efficacy and tolerability of lithium as a pharmacologic treatment for mania in elderly BD patients. We conducted a systematic review, based on PRISMA guidelines, of articles published between 1970 and August 2016 and indexed in the following databases: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library Databases and PsycINFO...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331325/a-chinese-version-of-the-psychotic-symptom-rating-scales-psychometric-properties-in-recent-onset-and-chronic-psychosis
#6
Wai-Tong Chien, Isabella Yuet-Ming Lee, Li-Qun Wang
The purpose of this study was to test the reliability, validity, and factor structure of a Chinese version of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scale (PSYRATS) in 198 and 202 adult patients with recent-onset and chronic psychosis, respectively. The PSYRATS has been translated into different language versions and has been validated for clinical and research use mainly in chronic psychotic patients but not in recent-onset psychosis patients or in Chinese populations. The psychometric analysis of the translated Chinese version included assessment of its content validity, semantic equivalence, interrater and test-retest reliability, reproducibility, sensitivity to changes in psychotic symptoms, internal consistency, concurrent validity (compared to a valid psychotic symptom scale), and factor structure...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331324/update-on-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis-role-of-pimavanserin
#7
REVIEW
Brianna L Combs, Arthur G Cox
Parkinson's disease (PD) has a prevalence of nearly 1 million people in the USA, with increasing incidence in the elderly population. Generally, the age of presentation is between 55 and 65 years, with the likelihood of diagnosis increasing as patients reach the age of 80 years or above. Some of the common treatments for PD increase dopamine levels in the brain. Dopaminergic therapy helps to improve motor and non-motor symptoms, but it is not without risks. Dopaminergic therapy can cause confusion, delirium, and psychotic-like behavior...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331323/bipolar-disorder-recurrence-prevention-using-self-monitoring-daily-mood-charts-case-reports-from-a-5-year-period
#8
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Mood symptoms in bipolar disorders are significantly related to psychosocial events, and the personalized identification of symptom triggers is important. Ecological momentary assessments have been used in paper-and-pencil form to explore emotional reactivity to daily life stress in patients with bipolar disorder. However, there are few data on long-term recurrence prevention effects using ecological momentary assessments. Subjects were three outpatients with bipolar disorder who had a history of at least one admission...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331322/the-role-of-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-overview-and-update-on-new-developments
#9
REVIEW
John Y Fang, Christopher Tolleson
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of neuronal dopamine production in the brain. Oral therapies primarily augment the dopaminergic pathway. As the disease progresses, more continuous delivery of therapy is commonly needed. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an effective therapy option for several different neurologic and psychiatric conditions, including PD. It currently has US Food and Drug Administration approval for PD and essential tremor, as well as a humanitarian device exception for dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331321/monitoring-brain-multiparameters-and-hypothermia-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
COMMENT
Fernando Roberto de Vasconcelos, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293113/prevalence-of-dementia-in-egypt-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mohamed H Elshahidi, Muhammad A Elhadidi, Ahmed A Sharaqi, Ahmed Mostafa, Mohamed A Elzhery
BACKGROUND: With the growing prevalence of dementia worldwide, two-third of the people with dementia are projected to be from the developing countries by 2050. AIM: This study reviews the literature regarding dementia prevalence in Egypt. METHODS: Six databases were systematically searched from their dates of inception till July 2016. Studies published in English and reporting dementia prevalence among nonhospitalized individuals after clinical examinations were considered eligible...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293112/new-opinion-on-the-subtypes-of-poststroke-depression-in-chinese-stroke-survivors
#12
Yingying Yue, Rui Liu, Yin Cao, Yanfeng Wu, Shining Zhang, Huajie Li, Jijun Zhu, Wenhao Jiang, Aiqin Wu, Yonggui Yuan
AIM: Poststroke depression (PSD) is the most common complication of stroke. However, some stroke survivors with depression cannot meet the diagnostic criteria of PSD. The aim of this study was to propose the new conception of stroke patients with depression and then make them to receive reasonable diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: We first put forward the opinion that the general PSD should consist of PSD disorder (PSDD) and PSD symptoms (PSDS) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and ZhongDa diagnostic criteria - first edition (ZD-1), respectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293111/influence-of-cfh-gene-on-symptom-severity-of-schizophrenia
#13
Chen Zhang, Qinyu Lv, Weixing Fan, Wei Tang, Zhenghui Yi
OBJECTIVE: Recent advances have provided compelling evidence for the role of excessive complement activity in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In this study, we aimed to detect the association of the gene encoding complement factor H (CFH), a regulator in complement activation, with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 1783 individuals with or without schizophrenia was recruited for genetic analysis. Genomic DNA samples were extracted from peripheral blood cells using multiplex polymerase chain reaction and the SNaPshot assay...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293110/efficacy-and-safety-of-oxcarbazepine-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-epilepsy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Hua Geng, Chengzhong Wang
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC) in the treatment of children with epilepsy. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, SinoMed (Chinese BioMedical Literature Service System, China), and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (China) database were systematically reviewed. Eligible studies were those that compared the efficacy and safety of OXC with other antiepileptic drugs in epilepsy...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293109/effects-of-a-structured-20-session-slow-cortical-potential-based-neurofeedback-program-on-attentional-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-retrospective-analysis-of-an-open-label-pilot-approach-and-6-month-follow
#15
Johanna S Albrecht, Sarah Bubenzer-Busch, Anne Gallien, Eva Lotte Knospe, Tilman J Gaber, Florian D Zepf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this approach was to conduct a structured electroencephalography-based neurofeedback training program for children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using slow cortical potentials with an intensive first (almost daily sessions) and second phase of training (two sessions per week) and to assess aspects of attentional performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 young patients with ADHD participated in the 20-session training program...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293108/risk-of-recurrent-overdose-associated-with-prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-after-nonfatal-overdose
#16
Yasuyuki Okumura, Daisuke Nishi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate risk of recurrent overdose associated with psychosocial assessment by psychiatrists during hospitalization for nonfatal overdose and prescribing patterns of psychotropic medications after discharge. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a nationwide claims database in Japan. We classified patients aged 19-64 years hospitalized for nonfatal overdose between October 2012 and September 2013 into two cohorts: 1) those who had consulted a psychiatrist prior to overdose (n=6,790) and 2) those who had not (n=4,950)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280346/trend-characteristics-and-pharmacotherapy-of-adults-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#17
Yu-Shian Cheng, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shin-Sheng Yuan, Chun-Ju Yang, Kang-Chung Yang, Tung-Liang Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults may result in functional impairment warranting clinical interventions. However, few studies have investigated the diagnosis and treatment rates of adult ADHD in non-Caucasian ethnic groups. This study used nationwide population-based data to investigate the rate of diagnosis, associated characteristics, and pharmacological treatment for adult ADHD in Taiwan. METHODS: Adults (age ≥18 years) newly diagnosed with ADHD (n=5,397) between January 2000 and December 2011 were enrolled from the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#18
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280344/metabolic-profile-at-first-time-schizophrenia-diagnosis-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Henriette Thisted Horsdal, Michael Eriksen Benros, Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Jesper Krogh, Christiane Gasse
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and/or antipsychotic drug use are associated with metabolic abnormalities; however, knowledge regarding metabolic status and physician's monitoring of metabolic status at first schizophrenia diagnosis is sparse. We assessed the prevalence of monitoring for metabolic blood abnormalities and characterized the metabolic profiles in people with a first-time schizophrenia diagnosis. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study including all adults born in Denmark after January 1, 1955, with their first schizophrenia diagnosis between 2000 and 2012 in the Central Denmark Region...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280343/efficacy-and-safety-of-olanzapine-fluoxetine-combination-in-the-treatment-of-treatment-resistant-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Shuxin Luan, Hongquan Wan, Shijun Wang, He Li, Baogang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Whether olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC) is superior to olanzapine or fluoxetine monotherapy in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) remains controversial. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare the efficacy and safety of OFC with olanzapine or fluoxetine monotherapy for patients with TRD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCTs published in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the ClinicalTrials...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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