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Future Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832195/update-on-the-significance-of-postprocedural-aortic-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-on-postprocedural-prognosis
#1
Maximilian Schmidt-Salzmann, Michael Schlüter, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Christian Frerker
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an established therapy for patients with aortic stenosis and a high surgical risk. Recent data on intermediate-risk patients will probably enlarge the indication for TAVR. In the beginning of the TAVR era, relevant (>mild) aortic regurgitation (AR) was a common finding after TAVR; it was associated with worse outcome compared with patients without significant AR. To date, several improvements in imaging, grading of severity and treatment have been done and will be discussed in this article...
August 23, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832194/the-role-of-cardiovascular-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-pulmonary-embolism
#2
Roberta Esposito, Ciro Santoro, Regina Sorrentino, Gianmarco Alcidi, Anna Maria De Roberto, Alessandro Santoro, Antonella Tufano, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
The diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the most important problems in medical emergencies. Commonly accepted criterion for diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis is the lack of vein compressibility assessed by Compression UltraSonography. Echocardiography represents an easily available and reliable imaging technique in the clinical setting of hemodynamic instability and in the direct visualization of thromboembolic masses in the right heart chambers. Moreover, echocardiography is useful for prognostic stratification after acute PE as right ventricular dysfunction is the most important predictor of mortality in this context...
August 23, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832191/if-there-were-a-vaccine-against-acute-myocardial-infarction-would-you-use-it
#3
C Raina MacIntyre, Aye M Moa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832187/race-and-atrial-flutter-a-needed-update-to-understand-the-atrial-fibrillation-race-paradox
#4
Elsayed Z Soliman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832186/the-need-for-sex-specific-precision-biomarkers-for-antiplatelet-therapies
#5
Kevin Friede, Deepak Voora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828901/positive-psychological-well-being-and-health-in-patients-with-heart-disease-a-brief-review
#6
Jeff C Huffman, Sean R Legler, Julia K Boehm
Poor psychological health (e.g., depression and anxiety) is prospectively associated with adverse cardiac outcomes. In contrast, there is increasing evidence that positive psychological constructs like happiness, optimism and gratitude are independently and prospectively linked to better health behaviors and superior cardiac prognosis in people with and without heart disease. However, a critical question is whether such positive states and traits are modifiable. Recent studies of systematic positive psychology interventions designed to promote well-being have shown promise in patients with heart disease, and more data are needed to learn whether these interventions are effective and whether they can be broadly applied to impact public health...
August 22, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828893/kawasaki-disease-and-coronary-artery-aneurysms-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#7
Manjiri Joshi, Robert Tulloh
Kawasaki disease is an acute, systemic vasculitis of childhood and confers a 25% risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms. Its etiology is unknown, but the incidence is increasing rapidly with linked gene polymorphisms having been identified. A constellation of symptoms, epidemics and seasonality all implicate an unidentified infective or environmental cause. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, aspirin and steroids all form the mainstay of acute treatment and reduces the incidence of coronary artery aneurysms if given before 7 days...
August 22, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828892/new-considerations-in-the-assessment-of-aortic-stenosis
#8
Lucy M Safi, Jonathan J Passeri, Michael H Picard
Calcific aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the most common acquired valvular heart diseases in industrialized nations. It is a slowly progressive disease and with the aging population, the prevalence of AS is expected to increase. Doppler echocardiography is used to classify patients based on severity of stenosis. Research efforts on how to better identify and risk-assess these patients are currently underway using advanced imaging modalities and serum biomarkers. Thus far, medications for AS prevention have been unsuccessful...
August 22, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795590/obesity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#9
Salvatore Carbone, Dejana Popovic, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
Obesity is defined as an excess body fat that impairs health and is associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF), particularly HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), evolving into a 'HFpEF obesity phenotype'. The interplay between obesity and cardiorespiratory fitness, primary clinical parameters in HF, requires further exploration. The contribution of body composition compartments in the development and progress of HF has been the object of numerous studies. Here we focus on how fat mass and lean tissues affect cardiorespiratory fitness, with emphasis on their effects on peak oxygen consumption...
August 10, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656778/common-atrial-flutter-catheter-ablation-without-discontinuing-oral-anticoagulation
#10
Carlos Escobar, Sergio Castrejón, Rosa Montes de Oca, Marta Ortega, José Luis Lopez-Sendon, José Luis Merino
AIM: To determine if performing catheter ablation under oral anticoagulation is associated with a higher risk of thromboembolic or bleeding complications. METHODS: Patients with common atrial flutter that underwent catheter ablation of the cavo-tricuspid isthmus were consecutively included in the study. All patients were taking oral anticoagulants at least 3 weeks before the ablation. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients (mean age 67.9 ± 10.3 years; 83...
June 28, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660783/interview-with-justin-davies-and-andrew-tochterman
#11
Justin Davies, Andrew Tochterman
Justin Davies and Andrew Tochterman speak to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Justin Davies is a Senior Research Fellow and Honorary Consultant Cardiologist at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London (UK). His main research interests include the development and application of pioneering technologies in engineering to aid understanding of disease mechanisms, and in the diagnosis of pathological disease states. After completing his undergraduate training at Imperial College, he was awarded a prestigious British Heart Foundation research fellowship to undertake his PhD at Imperial College...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660778/cardio-oncology-cardiovascular-complications-of-cancer-therapy
#12
Robert J Henning, Raymond D Harbison
This paper focuses on three classes of commonly used anticancer drugs, which can cause cardiotoxicity: anthracyclines, monoclonal antibodies exemplified by trastuzumab and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Anthracyclines can induce cardiomyocyte necrosis and fibrosis. Trastuzumab can cause cardiac stunning. The tyrosine kinase inhibitors can increase systemic arterial pressure and impair myocyte contractility. In addition, radiation therapy to the mediastinum or left chest can exacerbate the cardiotoxicity of these anticancer drugs and can also cause accelerated atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, heart failure and arrhythmias...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644058/air-embolism-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Neera Malik, Paul L Claus, Jeffery E Illman, Seth J Kligerman, Michael R Moynagh, David L Levin, David A Woodrum, Arvin Arani, Shivaram P Arunachalam, Philip A Araoz
Air embolism is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening event for which prompt diagnosis and management can result in significantly improved patient outcomes. Most air emboli are iatrogenic. Arterial air emboli may occur as a complication from lung biopsy, arterial catheterization or cardiopulmonary bypass. Immediate management includes placing the patient on high-flow oxygen and in the right lateral decubitus position. Venous air emboli may occur during pressurized venous infusions, or catheter manipulation...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644056/plasmonic-photothermal-therapy-of-atherosclerosis-with-nanoparticles-long-term-outcomes-and-safety-in-nanom-fim-trial
#14
Alexander N Kharlamov, John A Feinstein, John A Cramer, John A Boothroyd, Ekaterina V Shishkina, Vladimir Shur
AIM: The safety options in nanomedicine raise an issue of the optimal niche at the real-world clinical practice. METHODS: This is an observational prospective cohort analysis of the 5-year clinical outcomes at the intention-to-treat population (nano vs ferro vs stenting; n = 180) of NANOM first-in-man trial (NCT01270139). RESULTS: Mortality (6 vs 9 vs 10 cases of cardiac death in groups, p < 0.05), major adverse cardiovascular events (14...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644053/left-main-or-multivessel-coronary-revascularization-applying-both-anatomy-and-physiology-to-individualize-care
#15
Kalpa De Silva, Michael Ward, Ravinay Bhindi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639454/the-role-of-cardiac-mri-in-cardio-oncology
#16
Juan Lopez-Mattei, Cezar Iliescu, Jean Bernard Durand, Saamir Hassan, Peter Kim, Lilia Sierra-Galan, Greg Gladish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631508/multimodality-medical-image-fusion-applications-in-congenital-cardiology
#17
Srinivas Ananth Narayan, Shakeel Qureshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631492/the-efficacy-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-reducing-cardiovascular-events-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#18
Christine Parsons, Sorcha Allen, James Parish, Farouk Mookadam, Martina Mookadam
Prospective studies show an association between obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice and effectively reduces subjective sleepiness and apneic and hypopneic events. However, randomized trials have not shown a reduction in cardiovascular outcomes with CPAP therapy. We review the past 10 years of randomized trial evidence regarding the therapeutic efficacy of CPAP on cardiovascular outcomes and mortality in adults with obstructive sleep apnea...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621552/complete-isolation-of-right-subclavian-artery-supplied-by-the-thoracic-aorta-and-bilateral-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#19
Abdolrahim Ghasemi, Ali Reza Serati, Sepideh Emami, Mohammad Reza Movahed
Disconnection of the subclavian artery from the aortic arch, defined as isolation, is a rare aortic arch anomaly. In this anomaly, loss of continuity between one subclavian artery and the aorta with persistent connection to the homocollateral pulmonary artery through a patent or remnant ductus arteriosus is present. This isolation is almost always seen on the side contralateral to the aortic arch position. Complex cardiac and genetic anomalies are frequently associated with the isolation of a subclavian artery...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621180/interview-with-derek-connolly
#20
Derek Leslie Connolly
Dr Derek Connolly speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Derek Leslie Connolly is a Consultant Interventional Cardiologist at Birmingham City Hospital (UK). He qualified from the University of Edinburgh (UK) summa cum laude in Pharmacology in 1985 and in Medicine in 1988 where he was the Brunton Medalist. As a Carnegie scholar at the University of California, San Diego (CA, USA) he saw the early promise of angioplasty and changed his career plan from cardiac surgery to coronary intervention...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
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