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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646637/serial-multiple-mediation-analyses-how-to-enhance-individual-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-to-environmental-disasters
#1
Yuxiang Hong, Taesam Lee, Jong-Suk Kim
Recent environmental disasters have revealed the government's limitations in real-time response and mobilization to help the public, especially when disasters occur in large areas at the same time. Therefore, enhancing the ability to prepare for public health emergencies at the grassroots level and extend public health emergency response mechanisms to communities, and even to individual families, is a research question that is of practical significance. This study aimed to investigate mechanisms to determine how media exposure affects individual public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) to environmental disasters; specifically, we examined the mediating role of knowledge and trust in government...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646629/roles-of-different-transport-modes-in-the-spatial-spread-of-the-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-pandemic-in-mainland-china
#2
Jun Cai, Bo Xu, Karen Kie Yan Chan, Xueying Zhang, Bing Zhang, Ziyue Chen, Bing Xu
There is increasing concern about another influenza pandemic in China. However, the understanding of the roles of transport modes in the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic spread across mainland China is limited. Herein, we collected 127,797 laboratory-confirmed cases of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in mainland China from May 2009 to April 2010. Arrival days and peak days were calculated for all 340 prefectures to characterize the dissemination patterns of the pandemic. We first evaluated the effects of airports and railway stations on arrival days and peak days, and then we applied quantile regressions to quantify the relationships between arrival days and air, rail, and road travel...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646628/impacts-of-lean-construction-on-safety-systems-a-system-dynamics-approach
#3
Xiuyu Wu, Hongping Yuan, Ge Wang, Shuquan Li, Guangdong Wu
Lean construction has been viewed as an effective management approach for reducing the occurrence of no-value or destructive activities, such as wasting resources and safety-related accidents. However, few studies have systematically addressed how and to what extent lean construction practices influence construction safety. To bridge this gap, a conceptual model is developed and validated using a system dynamics approach. The construction system in this model comprises four sub-systems (i.e., environment system, equipment system, management system, and employee system)...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646588/are-parent-held-child-health-records-a-valuable-health-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Muhammad Chutiyami, Shirley Wyver, Janaki Amin
Parent-held child health record (PHCHR), a public health intervention for promoting access to preventive health services, have been in use in many developed and developing countries. This review aimed to evaluate the use of the records toward promoting child health/development. We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar to identify relevant articles, of which 32 studies met the inclusion criteria. Due to considerable heterogeneity, findings were narratively synthesised. Outcomes with sufficient data were meta-analysed using a random-effects model...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646580/investigating-spatial-autocorrelation-and-spillover-effects-in-freeway-crash-frequency-data
#5
Huiying Wen, Xuan Zhang, Qiang Zeng, Jaeyoung Lee, Quan Yuan
This study attempts to investigate spatial autocorrelation and spillover effects in micro traffic safety analysis. To achieve the objective, a Poisson-based count regression with consideration of these spatial effects is proposed for modeling crash frequency on freeway segments. In the proposed hybrid model, the spatial autocorrelation and the spillover effects are formulated as the conditional autoregressive (CAR) prior and the exogenous variables of adjacent segments, respectively. The proposed model is demonstrated and compared to the models with only one kind of spatial effect, using one-year crash data collected from Kaiyang Freeway, China...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646551/doxing-what-adolescents-look-for-and-their-intentions
#6
Mengtong Chen, Anne Shann Yue Cheung, Ko Ling Chan
Doxing is a form of cyberbullying in which personal information on others is sought and released, thereby violating their privacy and facilitating further harassment. This study examined adolescents' doxing participation using a representative sample of 2120 Hong Kong secondary school students. Just over one in 10 had engaged in doxing, and doxing behavior significantly increased the probability of disclosing personal information on others (odds ratio ranged between 2.705 and 5.181). Social and hostile doxing were the two most common forms of doxing...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646544/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-caregiver-burden-inventory
#7
Fernando L Vázquez, Patricia Otero, Miguel A Simón, Ana M Bueno, Vanessa Blanco
Although the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) is the most widely used multidimensional burden instrument for assessing perceived burden of caregivers, there is no data on its psychometric properties in Spanish, nor on caregivers of dependent persons with various diseases. The objective of this study was to translate the CBI into Spanish and validate it in caregivers of dependent persons with various diseases. Trained evaluators administered the CBI and assessed emotional distress and probable mental disorder in 201 caregivers (87...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646540/socioeconomic-status-and-morbidity-rate-inequality-in-china-based-on-nhss-and-charls-data
#8
Yunyun Jiang, Haitao Zheng, Tianhao Zhao
Previous studies have shown there are no consistent and robust associations between socioeconomic status and morbidity rates. This study focuses on the relationship between the socioeconomic status and the morbidity rates in China, which helps to add new evidence for the fragmentary relationship between socioeconomic status and morbidity rates. The National Health Services Survey (NHSS) and China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data are used to examine whether the association holds in both all-age cohorts and in older only cohorts...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646539/health-risk-assessment-of-inorganic-mercury-and-methylmercury-via-rice-consumption-in-the-urban-city-of-guiyang-southwest-china
#9
Jialiang Han, Zhuo Chen, Jian Pang, Longchao Liang, Xuelu Fan, Qiuhua Li
Rice consumption is the main methylmercury (MeHg) exposure route for residents in mercury (Hg) mining areas. However, there is limited studies on mercury in commercial rice, which has high liquidity and can be directly consumed by urban residents. This study measured the total Hg (THg) and MeHg concentrations in 146 rice samples purchased from the markets in Guiyang city, southwest China, and both the inorganic Hg (IHg) and MeHg estimated daily intakes (EDIs) and hazard quotients (HQs) were calculated according to rice consumption...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646525/maternal-parenting-styles-and-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Riitta Hannonen, Kaisa Aunola, Kenneth Eklund, Timo Ahonen
The purpose of this study is to examine differences in parenting styles between mothers of children with type 1 diabetes and mothers of healthy children and to explore relationships between parenting styles and glycemic control of children with diabetes. Mothers of 63 children with diabetes and mothers of 83 children without diabetes reported their parenting styles using the Blocks' Child Rearing Practices Report, when their child was 9⁻10 years old. Glycemic control of the children with diabetes was evaluated 1 year after diagnosis (<6 years of age) and at the time of the study (at 9⁻10 years)...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646502/barriers-and-facilitators-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-community-based-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-and-healthy-diet-a-mixed-methods-study-in-argentina
#11
Maria Belizan, R Martin Chaparro, Marilina Santero, Natalia Elorriaga, Nadja Kartschmit, Adolfo L Rubinstein, Vilma E Irazola
Background : Obesogenic environments promote sedentary behavior and high dietary energy intake. The objective of the study was to identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation and impact evaluation of projects oriented to promote physical activity and healthy diet at community level. We analyzed experiences of the projects implemented within the Healthy Municipalities and Communities Program (HMCP) in Argentina. Methods : A mixed methods approach included (1) in-depth semi-structured interviews, with 44 stakeholders; and (2) electronic survey completed by 206 individuals from 96 municipalities across the country...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30646499/change-in-the-distribution-of-phosphorus-fractions-in-aggregates-under-different-land-uses-a-case-in-sanjiang-plain-northeast-china
#12
Hu Cui, Yang Ou, Lixia Wang, Baixing Yan, Lu Han, Yingxin Li
Phosphorus in agro-ecosystems has attracted much attention due to its impact on the nutrient supply of plants and the risk of loss of non-point source pollution. This study investigated the fraction distribution and release of phosphorus from soil aggregates structure under different land uses (rice, maize and soybean). The soil aggregates were characterized as large macro-aggregates (L-mac, >1 mm), small macro-aggregates (S-mac, 0.25⁻1 mm), micro-aggregates (MIC, 0.053⁻0.25 mm) and silt clay (SC, <0...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642132/primary-reason-for-drinking-among-current-former-and-never-flushing-college-students
#13
Sarah Soyeon Oh, Yeong Jun Ju, San Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
Alcohol consumption among individuals who experience a flushing response (reddening of the face, nausea, dizziness, headache, anxiety, and increased heartbeat) can result in serious health problems. However, studies on reasons for drinking among flushers, especially in the college context, are limited. Thus, this study investigated the association between primary reason for drinking and alcohol use among a nationally representative sample of current, former, and never flushing college students. The aim was to measure whether college students with current or former experience of facial flushing have different primary reasons for drinking compared to students with no experience of facial flushing...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642122/the-effectiveness-of-laser-assisted-surgical-excision-of-leukoplakias-and-hyperkeratosis-of-oral-mucosa-a-case-series-in-a-group-of-patients
#14
Dorina Lauritano, Alberta Lucchese, Federica Gabrione, Dario Di Stasio, Javier Silvestre Rangil, Francesco Carinci
Introduction : In the different branches of dentistry, the use of laser to solve different clinical situations is increasing due to numerous advantages that have been studied in literature since the 70s. Leucoplakia and hyperkeratosis can benefit from laser-assisted treatment. In most cases biopsy sampling, histological examination and, if no malignant cells are present, the follow-up is needed. However, even if the lesion is free of dysplasia patients often ask to eliminate these white spots that are always a cause of concern...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642120/acute-and-chronic-toxicity-of-carbamazepine-on-the-release-of-chitobiase-molting-and-reproduction-in-daphnia-similis
#15
Huihui Chen, Xiaohong Gu, Qingfei Zeng, Zhigang Mao
As one of the most frequently detected pharmaceutical compounds in aquatic environments, carbamazepine (CBZ) has recently been shown to cause acute and chronic toxicity in a variety of non-target aquatic organisms. However, little is known about the ecotoxicological effects it has on the molting and reproduction of crustaceans. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the acute and chronic toxic responses to CBZ in the crustacean Daphnia similis . After acute exposure (4 days), CBZ did not cause lethal toxicity at the tested concentrations...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642109/investigation-of-the-synergistic-toxicity-of-binary-mixtures-of-pesticides-and-pharmaceuticals-on-aliivibrio-fischeri-in-major-river-basins-in-south-korea
#16
In-Hyuk Baek, Youngjun Kim, Seungyun Baik, Jongwoon Kim
This work introduces the potential synergistic toxicity of binary mixtures of pesticides and pharmaceuticals, which have been detected in substantial amounts in major river basins in South Korea. Different dose-response curve functions were employed in each experimental toxicity dataset for Aliivibrio fischeri . We tested the toxicity of 30 binary mixtures at two effect concentrations: high effect concentration [EC50 ] and low effect concentration (EC10 ) ranges. Thus, the toxicological interactions were evaluated at 60 effected concentration data points in total and based on model deviation ratios (MDRs) between predicted and observed toxicity values (e...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642107/museum-moving-to-inpatients-le-louvre-%C3%A3-l-h%C3%A3-pital
#17
Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Véronique François, Robert Ratiney, Isabelle Trinchet, Pierre Polomeni, Georges Sebbane, Séverine Muller, Marylène Litout, Cécile Castagno, Didier Frandji
Anxiety and depressive symptoms are common in hospitalized patients. Arts and cultural programs were reported to enhance their quality of life. The Le Louvre à l'hôpital study presents a new approach in which the museum moves to the hospital by displaying and discussing artworks with patients interactively. Over one year, four large statues were disposed in the hospital gardens, 30 reprints of large painting were exhibited in the hospital hall, dining rooms, and circulations areas. A total of 83 small-group guided art discussions (90 min) were organized, which 451 patients attended...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642106/anthropometric-measures-as-predictive-indicators-of-metabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-holy-week-costaleros
#18
José Miguel Robles-Romero, Eduardo J Fernández-Ozcorta, Juan Gavala-González, Macarena Romero-Martín, Juan Gómez-Salgado, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos
Preventive measures are a priority in those groups that perform intense physical efforts without physical preparation and that can also be overweight or obese. One of the groups that reflect these characteristics is the costaleros of the Holy Week of Andalusia, Spain. This paper aims to describe the effect of obesity on blood pressure. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 101 costaleros . The anthropometric measures were determined through segmental impedance. Cardiac recovery and anaerobic power were measured through the Ruffier⁻Dickson test and the Abalakov test, respectively...
January 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642075/effects-of-pretreatment-methods-of-wheat-straw-on-adsorption-of-cd-ii-from-waterlogged-paddy-soil
#19
Mengjie Wu, Hongyu Liu, Chunping Yang
Two types of pretreatment categories, namely microwave-assisted alkalization and microwave-assisted acid oxidation, were used to synthesize novel wheat straw adsorbents for the effective removal of Cd(II) in simulated waterlogged paddy soil. A systematic adsorption behavior study, including adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms was conducted. Results showed that wheat straw pretreated by microwave-assisted soaking of NaOH and ethanol solution obtained the highest Cd(II) removal efficiency of 96.4% at a reaction temperature of 25 ℃, pH of 7...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642062/effect-of-taekwondo-practice-on-cognitive-function-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Abdelmotaleb Kadri, Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, David Tod, Fairouz Azaiez
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuro-developmental/behavioral disorders among adolescents. Sport and physical activity seem to play a major role in the development of cognition, memory, selective attention and motor reaction time, especially among adolescents with ADHD. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a one-and-a-half-year-long Taekwondo (TKD) intervention on cognitive function in adolescents with ADHD. Two cognitive instruments, namely the Stroop and the Ruff 2 and 7 tests, were administered to assess attentional inhibitory control and sustained and selective visual attention, respectively...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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