journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218719/smart-device-use-and-perceived-physical-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-hong-kong-adolescents
#1
Stephen Wai Hang Kwok, Paul Hong Lee, Regina Lai Tong Lee
Excessive electronic screen-based activities have been found to be associated with negative outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalences and patterns of smart device activities and the purposes and perceived outcomes related to smart device use, and the differences in patterns of smart device activities between adolescents who did and did not perceive these outcomes. The study was a cross-sectional survey of Hong Kong primary and secondary school students. Demographic characteristics, purpose and pattern of the activities, and frequencies of the outcomes were measured...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218706/environmental-criteria-in-the-spanish-public-works-procurement-process
#2
José Luis Fuentes-Bargues, Mª Carmen González-Cruz, Cristina González-Gaya
Green Public Procurement (GPP) is defined as a process of contracting products, services, and works with the least possible damage to the environment during their life cycle. In order to improve the knowledge about GPP, a study of the use of environmental tendering criteria in the Spanish public construction sector has been performed. The results of this study show that the use of environmental criteria in Spanish public sector construction procurement is low in comparison to a certain group of countries, known as "Green 7", in the European Union...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218696/driver-s-cognitive-workload-and-driving-performance-under-traffic-sign-information-exposure-in-complex-environments-a-case-study-of-the-highways-in-china
#3
Nengchao Lyu, Lian Xie, Chaozhong Wu, Qiang Fu, Chao Deng
Complex traffic situations and high driving workload are the leading contributing factors to traffic crashes. There is a strong correlation between driving performance and driving workload, such as visual workload from traffic signs on highway off-ramps. This study aimed to evaluate traffic safety by analyzing drivers' behavior and performance under the cognitive workload in complex environment areas. First, the driving workload of drivers was tested based on traffic signs with different quantities of information...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218695/electronic-cigarette-use-and-smoking-abstinence-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quitting-methods
#4
Tomoyasu Hirano, Takahiro Tabuchi, Rika Nakahara, Naoki Kunugita, Yumiko Mochizuki-Kobayashi
The benefit of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in smoking cessation remains controversial. Recently, e-cigarettes have been gaining popularity in Japan, without evidence of efficacy on quitting cigarettes. We conducted an online survey to collect information on tobacco use, difficulties in smoking cessation, socio-demographic factors, and health-related factors in Japan. Among the total participants (n = 9055), 798 eligible persons aged 20-69 years who smoked within the previous five years were analyzed to assess the relationship between the outcome of smoking cessation and quitting methods used, including e-cigarettes, smoking cessation therapy, and unassisted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218688/determinants-of-health-care-services-utilization-among-first-generation-afghan-migrants-in-istanbul
#5
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel, Patrick Marius Koga, Valerie Smith, Didem Danis, Kelly Baek, Susanne Montgomery
There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. One hundred and fifty-five Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including encounters with primary care physicians and outpatient specialists in addition to the use of prescription and nonprescription medicines. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to examine associations between service use and a range of predisposing, enabling, and perceived need factors...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218687/uv-radiation-from-physics-to-impacts
#6
EDITORIAL
Hanns Moshammer, Stana Simic, Daniela Haluza
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation has affected life at least since the first life forms moved out of the seas and crawled onto the land. Therefore, one might assume that evolution has adapted to natural UV radiation. However, evolution is mostly concerned with the propagation of the genetic code, not with a long, happy, and fulfilling life. Because rickets is bad for a woman giving birth, the beneficial effects of UV-radiation outweigh the adverse effects like aged skin and skin tumors of various grades of malignancy that usually only afflict us at older age...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218685/thermophilic-fungi-to-dominate-aflatoxigenic-mycotoxigenic-fungi-on-food-under-global-warming
#7
Robert Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima
Certain filamentous fungi produce mycotoxins that contaminate food. Mycotoxin contamination of crops is highly influenced by environmental conditions and is already affected by global warming, where there is a succession of mycotoxigenic fungi towards those that have higher optimal growth temperatures. Aflatoxigenic fungi are at the highest limit of temperature although predicted increases in temperature are beyond that constraint. The present paper discusses what will succeed these fungi and represents the first such consideration...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212349/household-dengue-prevention-interventions-expenditures-and-barriers-to-aedes-aegypti-control-in-machala-ecuador
#8
Naveed Heydari, David A Larsen, Marco Neira, Efraín Beltrán Ayala, Prissila Fernandez, Jefferson Adrian, Rosemary Rochford, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is an efficient vector for the transmission of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses, causing major epidemics and a significant social and economic burden throughout the tropics and subtropics. The primary means of preventing these diseases is household-level mosquito control. However, relatively little is known about the economic burden of Ae. aegypti control in resource-limited communities. We surveyed residents from 40 households in a high-risk community at the urban periphery in the city of Machala, Ecuador, on dengue perceptions, vector control interventions, household expenditures, and factors influencing purchasing decisions...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212346/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-plasma-glucose-level-amongst-ellisras-rural-young-adult-males-and-females-ellisras-longitudinal-study
#9
Moloko Matshipi, Kotsedi Daniel Monyeki, Han Kemper
Unhealthy lifestyle characteristics such as low physical activity (PA) and high plasma glucose levels (PGLs) may lead to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate (i) the level of physical activity; (ii) the prevalence of pre-diabetes and (iii) the relationship between PA and plasma glucose level in a rural Ellisras adult population aged 18 to 28 years. A total of 713 young adults (349 males and 364 females) who took part in the Ellisras Longitudinal Study participated in the study...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212340/prospective-prediction-of-juvenile-homicide-attempted-homicide-among-early-onset-juvenile-offenders
#10
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff
While homicide perpetrated by juveniles is a relatively rare occurrence, between 2010 and 2014, approximately 7%-8% of all murders involved a juvenile offender. Unfortunately, few studies have prospectively examined the predictors of homicide offending, with none examining first-time murder among a sample of adjudicated male and female youth. The current study employed data on 5908 juvenile offenders (70% male, 45% Black) first arrested at the age of 12 or younger to prospectively examine predictors of an arrest for homicide/attempted homicide by the age of 18...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212302/the-importance-of-conditioned-stimuli-in-cigarette-and-e-cigarette-craving-reduction-by-e-cigarettes
#12
Martijn Van Heel, Dinska Van Gucht, Koen Vanbrabant, Frank Baeyens
This study examined the impact of four variables pertaining to the use of e-cigarettes (e-cigs) on cravings for tobacco cigarettes and for e-cigs after an overnight abstinence period. The four variables were the nicotine level, the sensorimotor component, the visual aspect, and the aroma of the e-cig. In an experimental study, 81 participants without prior vaping experience first got acquainted with using e-cigs in a one-week tryout period, after which they participated in a lab session assessing the effect of five minutes of vaping following an abstinence period of 12 h...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212294/volatile-profiles-of-emissions-from-different-activities-analyzed-using-canister-samplers-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-gc-ms-analysis-a-case-study
#13
Santino Orecchio, Michele Fiore, Salvatore Barreca, Gabriele Vara
The objective of present study was to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from several sources (fuels, traffic, landfills, coffee roasting, a street-food laboratory, building work, indoor use of incense and candles, a dental laboratory, etc.) located in Palermo (Italy) by using canister autosamplers and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. In this study, 181 VOCs were monitored. In the atmosphere of Palermo city, propane, butane, isopentane, methyl pentane, hexane, benzene, toluene, meta- and para-xylene, 1,2,4 trimethyl benzene, 1,3,5 trimethyl benzene, ethylbenzene, 4 ethyl toluene and heptane were identified and quantified in all sampling sites...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216609/is-the-association-between-park-proximity-and-recreational-physical-activity-among-mid-older-aged-adults-moderated-by-park-quality-and-neighborhood-conditions
#14
Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch
Previous studies have reported mixed findings on the relationship between park proximity and recreational physical activity (PA), which could be explained by park quality and the surrounding neighborhood environment. We examined whether park quality and perceptions of the neighborhood physical and social environment moderated associations between park proximity and recreational PA among mid-older aged adults. Cross-sectional self-reported data on park proximity, park quality, neighborhood physical and social environmental factors, recreational walking and other moderate- to vigorous-intensity recreational physical activity (MVPA) were collected among 2700 Australian adults (57-69 years) in 2012...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216601/fine-particulate-matter-concentrations-in-urban-chinese-cities-2005-2016-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mike Z He, Xiange Zeng, Kaiyue Zhang, Patrick L Kinney
Background: Particulate matter pollution has become a growing health concern over the past few decades globally. The problem is especially evident in China, where particulate matter levels prior to 2013 are publically unavailable. We conducted a systematic review of scientific literature that reported fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations in different regions of China from 2005 to 2016. Methods: We searched for English articles in PubMed and Embase and for Chinese articles in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216597/the-uncommon-impact-of-common-environmental-details-on-walking-in-older-adults
#16
Katherine Brookfield, Catharine Ward Thompson, Iain Scott
Walking is the most common form of physical activity amongst older adults. Older adults' walking behaviors have been linked to objective and perceived neighborhood and street-level environmental attributes, such as pavement quality and mixed land uses. To help identify components of walkable environments, this paper examines some of these environmental attributes and explores their influence on this population's walking behaviors. It draws on focus group and interview data collected from 22 purposively sampled older adults aged 60 years and over...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216595/gaseous-air-pollution-and-the-risk-for-stroke-admissions-a-case-crossover-study-in-beijing-china
#17
Fangfang Huang, Yanxia Luo, Peng Tan, Qin Xu, Lixin Tao, Jin Guo, Feng Zhang, Xueqin Xie, Xiuhua Guo
Background: Though increasing evidence supports association between gaseous air pollution and stroke, it remains unclear whether the effects differ in season, sex and age. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of gaseous air pollution with stroke admissions in Beijing, 2013-2014 in different subgroups. Methods: Case-crossover design and conditional logistic regression were used to perform the analyses. We examined the exposure-response relationship between air pollution and stroke. Stratified analyses were performed in different seasons, sex, and age groups...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216593/biomethylation-and-volatilization-of-arsenic-by-model-protozoan-tetrahymena-pyriformis-under-different-phosphate-regimes
#18
Xixiang Yin, Lihong Wang, Zhanchao Zhang, Guolan Fan, Jianjun Liu, Kaizhen Sun, Guo-Xin Sun
Tetrahymena pyriformis, a freshwater protozoan, is common in aquatic systems. Arsenic detoxification through biotransformation by T. pyriformis is important but poorly understood. Arsenic metabolic pathways (including cellular accumulation, effluxion, biomethylation, and volatilization) of T. pyriformis were investigated at various phosphate concentrations. The total intracellular As concentration increased markedly as the external phosphate concentration decreased. The highest concentration was 168.8 mg·kg(-1) dry weight, after exposure to As(V) for 20 h...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216589/selecting-cooking-methods-to-decrease-persistent-organic-pollutant-concentrations-in-food-of-animal-origin-using-a-consensus-decision-making-model
#19
Xiao Tan, Zaiwu Gong, Minji Huang, Zhou-Jing Wang
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) pose serious threats to human health. Increasing attention has been paid to POPs to protect the environment and prevent disease. Humans are exposed to POPs through diet (the major route), inhaling air and dust and skin contact. POPs are very lipophilic and hydrophobic, meaning that they accumulate in fatty tissues in animals and can biomagnify. Humans can therefore be exposed to relatively high POP concentrations in food of animal origin. Cooking animal products can decrease the POP contents, and different cooking methods achieve different reduction rates...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216585/effect-of-indoor-temperature-on-physical-performance-in-older-adults-during-days-with-normal-temperature-and-heat-waves
#20
Ulrich Lindemann, Anja Stotz, Nina Beyer, Juha Oksa, Dawn A Skelton, Clemens Becker, Kilian Rapp, Jochen Klenk
Indoor temperature is relevant with regard to mortality and heat-related self-perceived health problems. The aim of this study was to describe the association between indoor temperature and physical performance in older adults. Eighty-one older adults (84% women, mean age 80.9 years, standard deviation 6.53) were visited every four weeks from May to October 2015 and additionally during two heat waves in July and August 2015. Indoor temperature, habitual gait speed, chair-rise performance and balance were assessed...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
journal
journal
40956
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"