journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718831/management-effectiveness-of-a-secondary-coniferous-forest-for-landscape-appreciation-and-psychological-restoration
#1
Norimasa Takayama, Akio Fujiwara, Haruo Saito, Masahiro Horiuchi
We investigated the influence of forest management on landscape appreciation and psychological restoration in on-site settings by exposing respondents to an unmanaged, dense coniferous (crowding) forest and a managed (thinned) coniferous forest; we set the two experimental settings in the forests of the Fuji Iyashinomoroi Woodland Study Center. The respondents were individually exposed to both settings while sitting for 15 min and were required to answer three questionnaires to analyze the psychological restorative effects before and after the experiment (feeling (the Profile of Mood States), affect (the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule), and subjective restorativeness (the Restorative Outcome Scale)...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718828/tobacco-harm-reduction-with-vaporised-nicotine-thrive-the-study-protocol-of-an-uncontrolled-feasibility-study-of-novel-nicotine-replacement-products-among-people-living-with-hiv-who-smoke
#2
Stephanie Bell, Judith Dean, Charles Gilks, Mark A Boyd, Lisa Fitzgerald, Allyson Mutch, Peter Baker, Graham Neilsen, Coral E Gartner
Smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have high rates of tobacco smoking. Vaporised nicotine products (VNPs) are growing in popularity as a quit aid and harm reduction tool. However, little is known about their acceptability and use among PLHIV. Using a pragmatic, uncontrolled, mixed methods design this exploratory clinical trial aims to examine the feasibility of conducting a powered randomised clinical trial of VNPs as a smoking cessation and harm reduction intervention among vulnerable populations, such as PLHIV who smoke tobacco...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718814/physiological-effects-of-touching-wood
#3
Harumi Ikei, Chorong Song, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
This study aimed to clarify the physiological effects of touching wood with the palm, in comparison with touching other materials on brain activity and autonomic nervous activity. Eighteen female university students (mean age, 21.7  ±  1.6 years) participated in the study. As an indicator of brain activity, oxyhemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentrations were measured in the left/right prefrontal cortex using near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy. Heart rate variability (HRV) was used as an indicator of autonomic nervous activity...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718797/socioeconomic-differences-in-and-predictors-of-home-based-palliative-care-health-service-use-in-ontario-canada
#4
Jiaoli Cai, Denise N Guerriere, Hongzhong Zhao, Peter C Coyte
The use of health services may vary across people with different socioeconomic statuses, and may be determined by many factors. The purposes of this study were (i) to examine the socioeconomic differences in the propensity and intensity of use for three main home-based health services, that is, home-based palliative care physician visits, nurse visits and personal support worker (PSW) hours; and (ii) to explore the determinants of the use of home-based palliative care services. A prospective cohort study was employed...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714934/physical-outdoor-activity-versus-indoor-activity-their-influence-on-environmental-behaviors
#5
Wei-Ta Fang, Eric Ng, Mei-Chuan Chang
There are strong evidences linking physical outdoor activity and health benefits; however, little is known about the impact on environmental behaviors. Thus, this study aims to close this gap by investigating the influence of physical outdoor activity on environmental behaviors. A total of 416 surveys were distributed to students in eight public primary schools located near the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Taiwan. Findings from the analysis revealed that subjective norms had a more influential effect on environmental behaviors for participants who engaged in physical activity at outdoor parks...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714930/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-child-neurodevelopment
#6
Kinga Polanska, Anna Krol, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Danuta Ligocka, Karolina Mikolajewska, Fiorino Mirabella, Flavia Chiarotti, Gemma Calamandrei, Wojciech Hanke
The developing fetus is especially vulnerable to environmental toxicants, including tobacco constituents. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during pregnancy on child neurodevelopment within the first two years of life. The study population consisted of 461 non-smoking pregnant women (saliva cotinine level <10 ng/mL). Maternal passive smoking was assessed based on the cotinine level in saliva analyzed by the use of high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI + MS/MS) and by questionnaire data...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714925/individual-and-interactive-effects-of-socio-ecological-factors-on-dengue-fever-at-fine-spatial-scale-a-geographical-detector-based-analysis
#7
Zheng Cao, Tao Liu, Xing Li, Jin Wang, Hualiang Lin, Lingling Chen, Zhifeng Wu, Wenjun Ma
Background: Large spatial heterogeneity was observed in the dengue fever outbreak in Guangzhou in 2014, however, the underlying reasons remain unknown. We examined whether socio-ecological factors affected the spatial distribution and their interactive effects. Methods: Moran's I was applied to first examine the spatial cluster of dengue fever in Guangzhou. Nine socio-ecological factors were chosen to represent the urbanization level, economy, accessibility, environment, and the weather of the 167 townships/streets in Guangzhou, and then the geographical detector was applied to analyze the individual and interactive effects of these factors on the dengue outbreak...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714924/cross-sectional-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infection-in-high-risk-groups-in-the-northeast-region-of-brazil
#8
Jakeline Ribeiro Barbosa, Cristianne Sousa Bezerra, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Carolina Pimentel de Azevedo, Geane Lopes Flores, Jeová Keny Baima Colares, Danielle Malta Lima, Elisabeth Lampe, Lívia Melo Villar
Background: HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) and HCV (Hepatitis C Virus) infections are more prevalent in vulnerable populations than the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HBV and HCV infection in HIV-positive patients (GI), chronic renal failure (CRF) patients (GII) and coagulation disorder individuals (GIII). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to March 2015. Serum samples were tested for markers of hepatitis B and C by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714920/the-role-of-perceived-social-norms-in-rural-sanitation-an-explorative-study-from-infrastructure-restricted-settings-of-south-ethiopia
#9
Josef Novotný, Jana Kolomazníková, Helena Humňalová
The perception of social sanitation norms (PSSNs) around unacceptability of open defecation has been a key aspect of recent sanitation interventions. However, underlying mechanisms through which "reconstructed" PSSNs affect sanitation outcomes have been a black box. This explorative cross-sectional study examines direct and indirect links between PSSNs and sanitation safety using data from structured interviews and observations in 368 households in rural South Ethiopia. In addition to a positive association between PSSNs and sanitation safety, we propose and examine the following two mechanisms: First, we confirm a potentially adverse feedback of PSSNs on future sanitation safety by enhancing the emotional satisfaction with current sanitation practice (satisfaction independent of the functionality of sanitation facilities)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714914/online-vape-shop-customers-who-use-e-cigarettes-report-abstinence-from-smoking-and-improved-quality-of-life-but-a-substantial-minority-still-have-vaping-related-health-concerns
#10
Dinska Van Gucht, Karolien Adriaens, Frank Baeyens
(1) Background: Characteristics and usage patterns of vapers (e-cigarette users) have mainly been studied in web-based convenience samples or in visitors of brick-and-mortar vape shops. We extended this by targeting customers of one particular online vape shop in the Netherlands; (2) Methods: Customers were questioned on their smoking history, current smoking and vaping status, reasons for vaping, perceived harmfulness, and potential health changes due to vaping; (3) Results: Almost everyone (99%, 95% CI 0...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#11
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714879/the-influence-of-spatial-configuration-of-residential-area-and-vector-populations-on-dengue-incidence-patterns-in-an-individual-level-transmission-model
#12
Jeon-Young Kang, Jared Aldstadt
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that is endemic in tropical and subtropical countries. Many individual-level simulation models have been developed to test hypotheses about dengue virus transmission. Often these efforts assume that human host and mosquito vector populations are randomly or uniformly distributed in the environment. Although, the movement of mosquitoes is affected by spatial configuration of buildings and mosquito populations are highly clustered in key buildings, little research has focused on the influence of the local built environment in dengue transmission models...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708124/considerations-and-future-research-directions-for-e-cigarette-warnings-findings-from-expert-interviews
#13
Olivia A Wackowski, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Andrew A Strasser, Cristine D Delnevo
Tobacco warning labels are important sources of risk information but research historically has been cigarette-centric. This qualitative study aimed to inform future direction and research on warnings for e-cigarettes. Between June and August 2016, we conducted interviews with 10 researchers with expertise in tobacco warning label research. Interviewees were registrants of a 2016 National Cancer Institute grantee meeting on tobacco warnings. Several participants agreed that the Food and Drug Administration's new nicotine addiction warning for e-cigarettes could be informative but that it might not resonate with young people...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708121/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-sleep-behavior-fish-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-general-population-of-south-korea
#14
Atin Supartini, Taro Oishi, Nobuyuki Yagi
Sleep, fish consumption, and depression have a close relationship; however, the role of sex differences in sleep, fish consumption, and depression research is not yet well-established. This study aimed to examine whether the impact of bedtime, sleep-onset latency, sleep duration, sleep quality, and fish consumption on depressive symptoms differed in women and men. An online survey was conducted in South Korea with a stratified random sample of 600 participants between the ages of 20 and 69, whose gender and age were proportional to estimates of Korea's general population...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708119/correlations-of-biomarkers-and-self-reported-seafood-consumption-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-in-southeastern-louisiana-after-the-gulf-oil-spill-the-growh-study
#15
Leah Zilversmit, Jeffrey Wickliffe, Arti Shankar, Robert J Taylor, Emily W Harville
Seafood contains health-promoting fatty acids, but is often contaminated with mercury (Hg), complicating recommendations and choices around fish consumption during pregnancy. Self-reported diet may be subject to inaccuracy and this inaccuracy could differ according to pregnancy status. We investigated correlations between self-reported seafood consumption and blood levels of Hg and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in women affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated comparing log blood Hg and n-3 PUFAs to seafood consumption, then stratified by pregnancy status...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708101/the-association-of-domestic-incense-burning-with-hypertension-and-blood-pressure-in-guangdong-china
#16
Xiuling Song, Wenjun Ma, Xiaojun Xu, Tao Liu, Jianpeng Xiao, Weilin Zeng, Xing Li, Zhengmin Qian, Yanjun Xu, Hualiang Lin
Abstract: Domestic incense burning is a common activity in China. Although it generates serious air pollution and has been linked to various health outcomes, it remains unknown whether it is associated with blood pressure and hypertension. A community-based survey including 1153 hypertensive subjects and 4432 normotensive participants in Guangdong (China) was used to examine this question. Two-level logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The analyses showed that, compared with non-users, OR of hypertension was 1...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708100/airborne-pm2-5-induced-hepatic-insulin-resistance-by-nrf2-jnk-mediated-signaling-pathway
#17
Jinxia Xu, Wei Zhang, Zhongbing Lu, Fang Zhang, Wenjun Ding
Animal and epidemiological studies have suggested that exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, the mechanism underlying this risk is poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of PM2.5 exposure on glucose homeostasis and related signaling pathways in mice. Wild-type and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) knockout (Nrf2(-)(/)(-)) C57BL/6 male mice were exposed to either ambient concentrated PM2...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708095/predictors-of-daily-mobility-of-adults-in-peri-urban-south-india
#18
Margaux Sanchez, Albert Ambros, Maëlle Salmon, Santhi Bhogadi, Robin T Wilson, Sanjay Kinra, Julian D Marshall, Cathryn Tonne
Daily mobility, an important aspect of environmental exposures and health behavior, has mainly been investigated in high-income countries. We aimed to identify the main dimensions of mobility and investigate their individual, contextual, and external predictors among men and women living in a peri-urban area of South India. We used 192 global positioning system (GPS)-recorded mobility tracks from 47 participants (24 women, 23 men) from the Cardiovascular Health effects of Air pollution in Telangana, India (CHAI) project (mean: 4...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708086/celiac-disease-presenting-with-peripheral-neuropathy-in-children-a-case-report
#19
Alessandra Pacitto, Alessandra Paglino, Lorenza Di Genova, Alberto Leonardi, Edoardo Farinelli, Nicola Principi, Giuseppe di Cara, Susanna Esposito
Background: Clinically relevant neurological manifestations in children with celiac disease (CD) are unusual, especially when they are considered as signs of the onset of the disease. In this paper, a case of Guillain-Barrè syndrome (GBS) as the first manifestation of CD in a 23-month-old child is reported. Case presentation: We describe a case of CD onset with peripheral neuropathy in a 23-month-old Bulgarian boy presenting with a sudden refusal to walk and absence of deep tendon reflexes in both lower limbs...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708081/modeling-the-effects-of-urban-design-on-emergency-medical-response-calls-during-extreme-heat-events-in-toronto-canada
#20
Drew A Graham, Jennifer K Vanos, Natasha A Kenny, Robert D Brown
Urban residents are at risk of health-related illness during extreme heat events but the dangers are not equal in all parts of a city. Previous studies have found a relationship between physical characteristics of neighborhoods and the number of emergency medical response (EMR) calls. We used a human energy budget model to test the effects of landscape modifications that are designed to cool the environment on the expected number of EMR calls in two neighborhoods in Toronto, Canada during extreme heat events...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
journal
journal
40956
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"