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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022018/impact-of-farmland-change-on-soybean-production-potential-in-recent-40-years-a-case-study-in-western-jilin-china
#1
Luoman Pu, Shuwen Zhang, Fei Li, Ranghu Wang, Jiuchun Yang, Liping Chang
During the last 40 years, the quantity and spatial patterns of farmland in Western Jilin have changed dramatically, which has had a great impact on soybean production potential. This study used one of the most advanced crop production potential models, the Global Agro-Ecological Zones model, to calculate the soybean production potential in Western Jilin based on meteorological, topography, soil and land use data, and analyzed the impact of farmland change on soybean production potential during 1975⁻2013. The main conclusions were the following: first, the total soybean production potential in Western Jilin in 2013 was 8...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022016/differences-of-four-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-in-work-ability-and-other-work-related-perceptions-in-a-finance-company
#2
Jan-Bennet Voltmer, Edgar Voltmer, Jürgen Deller
The present study applies a salutogenetic approach to psycho-social stress and wellbeing at work and for the first time analyzes the relation of an extended model of four work-related behavior and experience patterns to work related perceptions, like work ability, job satisfaction and turnover intention, or engagement. Employees of an international financial services company ( N = 182) completed the questionnaire Work-related behavior and experience pattern ( Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster ; AVEM)...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021988/biotoxicity-of-water-soluble-uv-photodegradation-products-for-10-typical-gaseous-vocs
#3
Zhuqiu Sun, In-Sun Kang, Qianyuan Wu, Jinying Xi, Hongying Hu
Ultraviolet (UV) photodegradation is increasingly applied to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) due to its degradation capabilities for recalcitrant compounds. However, sometimes the UV photodegradation products are also toxic and can affect human health. Here, 10 VOCs at 150~200 ppm in air were treated using a laboratory-scale UV reactor with 185/254 nm irradiation, and the biotoxicity of their off-gas was studied by investigating their off-gas absorption solutions. The CO₂ increase and VOC decrease were 39~128 ppm and 0~42 ppm, respectively, indicating that the VOCs and their products were mineralized in off-gas absorption solutions...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021983/prevalence-of-all-cause-mortality-and-suicide-among-bariatric-surgery-cohorts-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Russell B C Lim, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
INTRODUCTION: Prior meta-analysis has reported mortality rates among post-operative bariatric patients, but they have not considered psychiatric factors like suicide contributing to mortality. OBJECTIVES: The current meta-analysis aims to determine the pooled prevalence for mortality and suicide amongst cohorts using reported suicides post bariatric surgery. It is also the aim of the current meta-analytical study to determine moderators that could account for the heterogeneity found...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021981/analysis-of-the-evolution-game-of-construction-and-demolition-waste-recycling-behavior-based-on-prospect-theory-under-environmental-regulation
#5
Hong Shen, Ying Peng, Chunxiang Guo
With the development of the construction industry, increasing concern over construction and demolition waste (CDW) has initiated a wave of environmental regulation by the government in order to reduce the environmental impact and ensure sustainable development. Research on behavioral decision-making can offer a theoretical basis for the government and individuals. This paper aims to study the behavioral decision-making of stakeholders in CDW recycling under environmental regulation. Considering the limited rationality of stakeholders and the difference in reference points, an evolutionary game model including contractors and manufacturers of construction materials is proposed based on the prospect theory of behavioral economics...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021973/stampede-prevention-design-of-primary-school-buildings-in-china-a-sustainable-built-environment-perspective
#6
Kefan Xie, Yu Song, Jia Liu, Benbu Liang, Xiang Liu
In China, crowd stampede accidents usually take place within crowded areas in middle and primary schools. The crowd stampede risk is particularly related to the architectural design such as the staircase design, the layout of crowded places, obstacles, etc. Through the investigation of building design in several primary schools, the relationship between the sustainable layout of crowded places (e.g., toilets, canteens, playgrounds, staircases) and the crowd stampede risk of students are introduced via agent-based simulations...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021970/a-brief-introduction-to-the-multidimensional-intercultural-training-acculturation-model-mita-for-middle-eastern-adolescent-refugees
#7
Atefeh Fathi, Usama El-Awad, Tilman Reinelt, Franz Petermann
The large number of adolescent refugees around the world constitutes a great challenge for societies. However, current models of acculturation have been developed for migrants, but not specifically for adolescent refugees. Crucial factors to describe adolescent refugee acculturation, such as intentions to return to their homeland, especially with respect to adolescent refugees with temporary residency and experiences of potentially traumatic events, are missing. Hence, the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation (MITA) model is introduced...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021956/possible-biological-mechanisms-linking-mental-health-and-heat-a-contemplative-review
#8
REVIEW
Mare Lõhmus
This review provides examples of possible biological mechanisms that could, at least partly, explain the existing epidemiological evidence of heatwave-related exacerbation of mental disease morbidity. The author reviews the complicated central processes involved in the challenge of maintaining a stable body temperature in hot environments, and the maladaptive effects of certain psychiatric medicines on thermoregulation. In addition, the author discusses some alternative mechanisms, such as interrupted functional brain connectivity and the effect of disrupted sleep, which may further increase the vulnerability of mental health patients during heatwaves...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021953/-in-their-own-voice-incorporating-underlying-social-determinants-into-aboriginal-health-promotion-programs
#9
Shannen Vallesi, Lisa Wood, Lyn Dimer, Michelle Zada
Despite growing acknowledgement of the socially determined nature of health disparities among Aboriginal people, how to respond to this within health promotion programs can be challenging. The legacy of Australia's assimilation policies have left profound consequences, including social marginalisation, limited educational opportunities, normalisation of premature death, and entrenched trauma. These social determinants, in conjunction with a reluctance to trust authorities, create barriers to accessing healthcare services for the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of chronic disease...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021938/project-sol-a-community-based-multi-component-health-promotion-intervention-to-improve-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-practices-among-danish-families-with-young-children-part-2-evaluation
#10
Bent Egberg Mikkelsen, Paul Bloch, Helene Christine Reinbach, Tine Buch-Andersen, Lise Lawaetz Winkler, Ulla Toft, Charlotte Glümer, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Jens Aagaard-Hansen
Project SoL is implemented over a period of four years with the aim to promote healthy eating and physical activity among children aged 3⁻8 years by targeting the families in a Danish municipality based on the multi-component, supersetting strategy. Interventions are implemented in childcare centres, schools and supermarkets in three local communities as well as in local mass media and social media during a 19 months period in the Municipality of Bornholm. The matching Municipality of Odsherred serves as a control site based on its similarity to Bornholm regarding several socio-demographic and health indicators...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021934/in-the-digital-era-is-community-outrage-a-feasible-proxy-indicator-of-emotional-epidemiology-the-case-of-meningococcal-disease-in-sardinia-italy
#11
Marco Dettori, Benedetto Arru, Antonio Azara, Andrea Piana, Gavino Mariotti, Maria Veronica Camerada, Paola Stefanelli, Giovanni Rezza, Paolo Castiglia
The aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the relationship between official data on invasive meningococcal disease cases in Sardinia and the reporting of the cases by a regional online newspaper and (ii) to identify indicators useful for understanding the community outrage related to health events. Cases of meningococcal disease, selected from articles published between 1999 and 2016 on a regional newspaper database, were compared to those reported to the Infectious Disease Information Service. In order to evaluate the equality of the two distribution records, the Kolgomorov Smirnov test for two samples was applied...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018272/young-workers-access-to-and-awareness-of-occupational-safety-and-health-services-age-differences-and-possible-drivers-in-a-large-survey-of-employees-in-italy
#12
Nico Dragano, Claudio Barbaranelli, Marvin Reuter, Morten Wahrendorf, Brad Wright, Matteo Ronchetti, Giuliana Buresti, Cristina Di Tecco, Sergio Iavicoli
Young workers are in particular need of occupational safety and health (OSH) services, but it is unclear whether they have the necessary access to such services. We compared young with older workers in terms of the access to and awareness of OSH services, and examined if differences in employment conditions accounted for age-differences. We used survey data from Italy (INSuLA 1, 2014), with a sample of 8000 employed men and women aged 19 to 65 years, including 732 young workers aged under 30 years. Six questions measured access to services, and five questions assessed awareness of different OSH issues...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018266/the-spatio-temporal-disparities-of-areas-benefitting-from-the-wind-erosion-prevention-service
#13
Jie Xu, Yu Xiao, Gaodi Xie, Lin Zhen, Yangyang Wang, Yuan Jiang
Ecosystem services are closely linked to human welfare. The flow of ecosystem service can establish spatio-temporal relationships between ecosystem service provision areas (SPAs) and service beneficiary areas (SBAs). In this study, the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model was used to simulate the spatial flow path of the wind erosion prevention (WEP) service in Yanchi County. The frequency at which the simulated trajectories passed through each grid cell was used as a proxy for spatio-temporal disparities in SBAs, and the distribution of benefitting land cover, population, and gross domestic product (GDP) reflected the effects of the WEP flow...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018244/shared-decision-making-and-women-s-adherence-to-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screenings
#14
Jayoung Han, Paiboon Jungsuwadee, Olufunmilola Abraham, Dongwoo Ko
We examined the effect of shared decision-making (SDM) on women's adherence to breast and cervical cancer screenings and estimated the prevalence and adherence rate of screenings. The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design using the 2017 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) data collected by the National Cancer Institute. Adherence was defined based on the guidelines from the American Cancer Society and the composite measure of shared decision-making was constructed using three items in the data...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018242/the-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-heart-rate-variability-in-physically-inactive-adults
#15
Abdullah Alansare, Ken Alford, Sukho Lee, Tommie Church, Hyun Chul Jung
Physically inactive adults are prevalent worldwide. This study compared the effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on heart rate variability (HRV) in physically inactive adults as a preliminary study. Thirteen physically inactive male adults (27.5 ± 3.80 years) were randomly assigned to HIIT (N = 7) or MICT (N = 6). The HIIT program consisted of 20 min of interval training with cycling to rest ratio of 10/50 s at ≥90% HRpeak , while the MICT program consisted of 40 min of continuous cycling at 60⁻75% HRpeak ...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018236/ultraviolet-radiation-albedo-and-reflectance-in-review-the-influence-to-ultraviolet-exposure-in-occupational-settings
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Turner, Alfio V Parisi
Ultraviolet (UV) albedo and UV reflectance are defined, compared and contrasted, to explain their roles and place in studies focusing on UV radiation and exposure measurements, in the context of localised albedo measurement and human UV exposure studies. This review recommends that the term UV albedo be used when investigating natural horizontal surfaces when the albedo is not known to change significantly over time. The term UV reflectance should be mostly used for non-natural surfaces and non-horizontal measurements and will change with respect to the geometry of the irradiances reflected and received, and due to the intrinsic nature of the surface itself...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018212/pathogenic-escherichia-coli-strains-recovered-from-selected-aquatic-resources-in-the-eastern-cape-south-africa-and-its-significance-to-public-health
#17
Kingsley Ehi Ebomah, Martins Ajibade Adefisoye, Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh
The prevalence of pathogenic microorganisms, as well as the proliferation of antimicrobial resistance, pose a significant threat to public health. However, the magnitude of the impact of aquatic environs concerning the advent and propagation of resistance genes remains vague. Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) are widespread and encompass a variety of strains, ranging from non-pathogenic to highly pathogenic. This study reports on the incidence and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of E. coli isolates recovered from the Nahoon beach and its canal waters in South Africa...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018203/understanding-the-influence-of-crop-residue-burning-on-pm-2-5-and-pm-10-concentrations-in-china-from-2013-to-2017-using-modis-data
#18
Yan Zhuang, Danlu Chen, Ruiyuan Li, Ziyue Chen, Jun Cai, Bin He, Bingbo Gao, Nianliang Cheng, Yueni Huang
In recent years, particulate matter (PM) pollution has increasingly affected public life and health. Therefore, crop residue burning, as a significant source of PM pollution in China, should be effectively controlled. This study attempts to understand variations and characteristics of PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations and discuss correlations between the variation of PM concentrations and crop residue burning using ground observation and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. The results revealed that the overall PM concentration in China from 2013 to 2017 was in a downward tendency with regional variations...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018195/waterborne-disease-outbreak-detection-a-simulation-based-study
#19
Damien Mouly, Sarah Goria, Michael Mounié, Pascal Beaudeau, Catherine Galey, Anne Gallay, Christian Ducrot, Yann Le Strat
Waterborne disease outbreaks (WBDOs) remain a public health issue in developed countries, but to date the surveillance of WBDOs in France, mainly based on the voluntary reporting of clusters of acute gastrointestinal infections (AGIs) by general practitioners to health authorities, is characterized by low sensitivity. In this context, a detection algorithm using health insurance data and based on a space⁻time method was developed to improve WBDO detection. The objective of the present simulation-based study was to evaluate the performance of this algorithm for WBDO detection using health insurance data...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018190/use-of-an-e2sfca-method-to-measure-and-analyse-spatial-accessibility-to-medical-services-for-elderly-people-in-wuhan-china
#20
Jing Luo, Guangping Chen, Chang Li, Bingyan Xia, Xuan Sun, Siyun Chen
Current studies on measuring the accessibility of medical services for the elderly (AMSE) have ignored the potential competition among supply and demand and the distance decay laws. Hence, an enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method (i.e., the road network-based Gaussian 2SFCA method) is proposed to calculate AMSE scores after considering different types of roads, including urban rail transit, freeways, major roads, minor roads and rural roads. Based on the first National Geographic Conditions Monitoring (NGCM) data, this study took Wuhan, China, as a case study and assessed the variation of AMSE using two different threshold times (i...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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