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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413121/study-on-water-suitability-of-apple-plantations-in-the-loess-plateau-under-climate-change
#1
Xuerui Gao, Ai Wang, Yong Zhao, Xining Zhao, Miao Sun, Junkai Du, Chengcheng Gang
With the implementation of the Grain for Green Project, the apple plantation area is increasing in Loess Plateau. However, due to severe water scarcity, the sustainability of apple tree growth is threatened. In this paper, we used meteorological data (1990⁻2013) and forecasted climate data (2019⁻2050) to estimate water demand and establish a water suitability model to study the water balance between available water and water consumption of the apple trees. The results show that: (i) the order of the average water demand of apple plantation in each subarea is Shaanxi Province > Yuncheng area > Gansu Province > Sanmenxia Region, ranging from 500 to 950 mm; (ii) the temporal variability of water suitability from 1990 to 2013 is large, and the higher values are concentrated in the late growth stage of the apple trees and the lower values are concentrated in the early growth stage; (iii) the temporal and spatial distribution of water suitability is relatively stable and even in the Loess Plateau in the period of 2019⁻2050; (iv) the water suitability is mainly affected by effective precipitation and reference evapotranspiration and the reference evapotranspiration is mainly affected by the solar radiation (36%) and average temperature (38%)...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413103/vitamin-d-status-and-analysis-of-specific-correlates-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southern-croatia
#2
Zeljka Karin, Barbara Gilic, Daniela Supe Domic, Zdenko Sarac, Katarina Ercegovic, Natasa Zenic, Ognjen Uljevic, Mia Peric, Josko Markic
Vitamin D deficiency is a globally important problem, particularly in children, but there is a lack of information regarding this deficiency in preschool children from southeastern Europe. This study aimed to establish the levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and associations of gender, time spent outdoors, physical activity (PA), and body mass index (as predictors) with the 25(OH)D level (outcome) in healthy preschool children. The participants were preschoolers (all 5⁻6 years of age) from southern Croatia...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413102/the-impact-of-psychological-distress-on-incident-functional-disability-in-elderly-japanese-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#3
Yasutake Tomata, Takashi Watanabe, Fumiya Tanji, Shu Zhang, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
Background: Although psychological distress is known to be a risk factor for death, there are relatively few data on the impact of psychological distress on incident functional disability in older adults. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of psychological distress on incident functional disability in older adults. Methods: We conducted a cohort study of 12,365 disability-free individuals aged ≥65 years who live in Ohsaki City, Japan. In 2006, the level of psychological distress was assessed using the K6 (range: 0⁻24 points)...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413101/introducing-a-dynamic-workstation-in-the-office-insights-in-characteristics-of-use-and-short-term-changes-of-well-being-in-a-12-week-observational-study
#4
Vera Schellewald, Jens Kleinert, Rolf Ellegast
The present field study evaluates the use of dynamic workstations (cycling devices) in a real-life office environment. Specific characteristics of use were recorded and possible relationships with short-term changes in well-being were investigated. For a period of 12 weeks, 36 employees were given free access to eight devices. Frequency, duration and speed of use were self-determined but registered objectively for every event of use. Immediately before and after using a cycling device, employees rated their well-being with a modified version of the EZ-scale from Nitsch to assess changes in the short-term...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413098/a-survey-of-health-disparities-social-determinants-of-health-and-converging-morbidities-in-a-county-jail-a-cultural-ecological-assessment-of-health-conditions-in-jail-populations
#5
Robert T Trotter, Monica R Lininger, Ricky Camplain, Viacheslav Y Fofanov, Carolyn Camplain, Julie A Baldwin
The environmental health status of jail populations in the United States constitutes a significant public health threat for prisoners and the general population. The ecology of jails creates a dynamic condition in relation to general population health due to the concentrated potential exposure to infectious diseases, difficult access to treatment for chronic health conditions, interruption in continuity of care for serious behavioral health conditions, as well as on-going issues for the prevention and treatment of substance abuse disorders...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413089/prevalence-of-total-physical-activity-muscle-strengthening-activities-and-excessive-tv-viewing-among-older-adults-and-their-association-with-sociodemographic-factors
#6
Chien-Yu Lin, Jong-Hwan Park, Ming-Chun Hsueh, Wen-Jung Sun, Yung Liao
The study aimed to describe the prevalence of meeting moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), muscle-strengthening (MS) activities, and television (TV) viewing guidelines, and their association with sociodemographic factors. Data from older adults aged 65 or above were sampled by age and sex to the population aged 65+ years for each area in Taiwan and collected through telephone interviews. The prevalence of meeting MVPA and MS activities, MVPA and MS activities guidelines, and excessive TV viewing were calculated...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413074/perceptions-of-health-risks-from-hot-weather-and-coping-behaviors-among-ethnic-minority-groups-in-mountain-areas-of-china-a-case-study-in-the-tujia-and-miao-autonomous-prefecture
#7
Hui Ye, Juan Ma, Yang Wu, Ying Zhang
Limited research focuses on risk perceptions of hot weather among ethnic minority groups in remote mountain areas of China. Adopting a multi-stage sampling method, this study received completed questionnaires from 643 participates in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of China in 2017 and 2018. We used multivariate logistic regression models to explore the factors affecting risk perceptions and coping behaviors with regards to hot weather. Results showed that despite a relatively high level of risk perception, the study population in the mountain areas of China had a very low level of preparedness in responding to the risks from heat, and a lack of professional health knowledge in general...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413064/the-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-short-sleep-duration-in-polish-adults-lifestyle-study
#8
Jerzy Gębski, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Dominika Guzek, Monika Świątkowska, Dagmara Stangierska, Marta Plichta
Short sleep duration appears to put adults at risk of excessive energy intake and obesity; less is known specifically about how sleep quantity relates to dietary patterns. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the associations of dietary patterns (DPs) with short sleep duration. The data were collected in November 2016 through a cross-sectional quantitative survey among 972 Polish adults with both normal weight and excessive weight. Principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted to derive DPs. Logistic regression analysis was used to verify associations between short sleep duration (independent variable) and DPs (dependent variables)...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413061/a-bayesian-network-model-for-reducing-accident-rates-of-electrical-and-mechanical-e-m-work
#9
Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Carol K H Hon, Tracy N Y Choi
Accidents in Repair, Maintenance, Alteration, and Addition (RMAA) work have become a growing concern, in recent years. The repair and maintenance works of electrical and mechanical (E&M) installations involves a variety of trades, a large number of practitioners and a series of high-risk activities. The uniqueness of E&M work, in the RMAA sector, requires a discrete and specific research to improve its safety performance. Understanding the causal relationships between safety factors and the number of accidents becomes crucial to develop a more effective safety management strategy...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413052/teamwork-and-safety-climate-in-homecare-a-mixed-method-study
#10
Agneta Larsson, Mats Westerberg, Lena Karlqvist, Gunvor Gard
A rapidly changing homecare service sector implies difficulties to control safety and health risks for staff and to guarantee standardised deliveries of services to recipients. This study aimed to describe staff perceptions of safety climate and practices in homecare service teams, and suggestions for improvements. A second aim was to identify if and how the appraisals of safety climate were related to individual perceptions of safety, mental strain and adverse events/injury. A convergent parallel mixed methods design was used...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413049/performance-of-excess-heat-factor-severity-as-a-global-heatwave-health-impact-index
#11
John Nairn, Bertram Ostendorf, Peng Bi
The establishment of an effective policy response to rising heatwave impacts is most effective when the history of heatwaves, their current impacts and future risks, are mapped by a common metric. In response meteorological agencies aim to develop seamless climate, forecast, and warning heat impact services, spanning all temporal and spatial scales. The ability to diagnose heatwave severity using the Excess Heat Factor ( EHF ) has allowed the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (the Bureau) to publicly release 7-day heatwave severity maps since 2014...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413048/customer-purchase-intentions-and-choice-in-food-retail-environments-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Iana A Castro, Anuja Majmundar, Christine B Williams, Barbara Baquero
Food purchasing and consumption behaviors have implications for nutrition and obesity. Food retail environments, in particular, shape customer food choices and energy intake. The marketing literature offers insights about how public health practitioners can work within food retail environments to encourage healthy food choices. We reviewed experimental studies in the marketing literature to examine factors influencing customer purchase intentions and choice for food products in retail stores. Database searches were conducted in February 2016 for original, empirical articles published in English from 2000⁻2015 in marketing journals...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413033/swat-modeling-of-non-point-source-pollution-in-depression-dominated-basins-under-varying-hydroclimatic-conditions
#13
Mohsen Tahmasebi Nasab, Kendall Grimm, Mohammad Hadi Bazrkar, Lan Zeng, Afshin Shabani, Xiaodong Zhang, Xuefeng Chu
Non-point source (NPS) pollution from agricultural lands is the leading cause of various water quality problems across the United States. Particularly, surface depressions often alter the releasing patterns of NPS pollutants into the environment. However, most commonly-used hydrologic models may not be applicable to such depression-dominated regions. The objective of this study is to improve water quantity/quality modeling and its calibration for depression-dominated basins under wet and dry hydroclimatic conditions...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413030/projection-of-future-extreme-precipitation-and-flood-changes-of-the-jinsha-river-basin-in-china-based-on-cmip5-climate-models
#14
Zhe Yuan, Jijun Xu, Yongqiang Wang
Projecting future changes in extreme flood is critical for risk management. This paper presented an analysis of the implications of the Fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase (CMIP5) climate models on the future flood in the Jinsha River Basin (JRB) in Southwest China, using the Xinanjiang (XAJ) hydrologic model. The bias-corrected and resampled results of the multimodel dataset came from the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP). Relatively optimal general circulation models (GCMs) were selected with probability density functions (PDFs)-based assessment...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413014/the-effect-of-manufacturing-agglomeration-on-haze-pollution-in-china
#15
Jun Liu, Yuhui Zhao, Zhonghua Cheng, Huiming Zhang
Based on panel data on 285 Chinese cities from 2003 to 2012, we use a dynamic spatial panel model to empirically analyze the effect of manufacturing agglomeration on haze pollution. The results show that when economic development levels, population, technological levels, industrial structure, transportation, foreign direct investment, and greening levels are stable, manufacturing agglomeration significantly aggravates haze pollution. However, region-specific analysis reveals that the effects of manufacturing agglomeration on inter-regional haze pollution depends on the region: the effect of manufacturing agglomeration on haze pollution is the largest in the Western region, followed by the Central region, and is the least in the Eastern region...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413013/public-health-preparedness-for-and-response-to-nuclear-disasters-an-editorial
#16
EDITORIAL
Shuhei Nomura, Michio Murakami
In 2011, resilience to nuclear disasters emerged as a core public health challenge. [...].
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413006/influence-of-employment-conditions-and-length-of-residence-on-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-in-immigrant-workers-in-spain
#17
Ikram Benazizi, Elena Ronda-Pérez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, José Miguel Martínez-Martínez
The objective of this article is to analyze the influence of employment conditions on adherence to dietary recommendations among those born in Spain and immigrants by their time of residence. Data were used from the Platform of Longitudinal Studies of Immigrant Families (PELFI) cohort ( n = 215) to compare Spaniards and immigrants with <14 and >14 years of residence. The questionnaire on frequency of food consumption (15 items) was used to measure adherence to dietary recommendations. Logistic regression models were used, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and employment conditions...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412999/long-term-effect-of-outdoor-air-pollution-on-mortality-and-morbidity-a-12-year-follow-up-study-for-metropolitan-france
#18
Shreosi Sanyal, Thierry Rochereau, Cara Nichole Maesano, Laure Com-Ruelle, Isabella Annesi-Maesano
BACKGROUND: Short-term effects of air pollution are documented more than long-term effects. OBJECTIVE: We investigated 12-year impacts of ambient air pollutants on cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality at the departmental level in metropolitan France. METHODS: Daily air pollution data at 2-km resolution, including concentrations of particulate matter of 10 µm or 2.5 µm in diameter or less (PM10 and PM2.5 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO₂), and ozone (O₃), were accrued from the CHIMERE database for 1999 and 2000...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412993/-the-tree-is-my-anchor-a-pilot-study-on-the-treatment-of-bed-through-nature-based-therapy
#19
Sus Sola Corazon, Ulrik Sidenius, Katrine Schjødt Vammen, Sabine Elm Klinker, Ulrika Karlsson Stigsdotter, Dorthe Varning Poulsen
Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating with a subjective experience of lack of control, is the world's most common eating disorder. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the feasibility of implementing nature-based therapy (NBT) in the treatment of BED. The NBT intervention was compared to Support Group Meetings (SGMs), which are the only publicly available form of support for people diagnosed with BED in Denmark. Twenty participants with a BED diagnosis were included in the study, which had a mixed-methods design including Eating Disorder Examination interviews, semi-structured interviews, and questionnaires measuring well-being (The Psychological General Well-Being Index) and self-esteem (Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale)...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30405070/carcinogenic-potency-of-airborne-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-relation-to-the-particle-fraction-size
#20
Gordana Pehnec, Ivana Jakovljević
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are bound to particulate matter can have adverse effects on human health. Particle size plays an important role in assessing health risks. The aim of this study was to compare concentrations of PAHs bound to particle fractions PM10 , PM2.5 , and PM₁, as well as to estimate their carcinogenic potency and relative contributions of the individual PAHs to the carcinogenic potency in relation to the size of the particle. Measurements of ten PAHs were carried out in 2014 at an urban location in the northern part of Zagreb, Croatia...
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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