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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644424/the-indirect-efficacy-comparison-of-dna-methylation-in-sputum-for-early-screening-and-auxiliary-detection-of-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Di Liu, Hongli Peng, Qi Sun, Zhongyao Zhao, Xinwei Yu, Siqi Ge, Hao Wang, Honghong Fang, Qing Gao, Jiaonan Liu, Lijuan Wu, Manshu Song, Youxin Wang
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation in sputum has been an attractive candidate biomarker for the non-invasive screening and detection of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane library, Web of Science databases, Chinese Biological Medicine (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, Vip Databases and Google Scholar were searched to collect the diagnostic trials on aberrant DNA methylation in the screening and detection of lung cancer published until 1 December 2016...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644420/within-what-distance-does-greenness-best-predict-physical-health-a-systematic-review-of-articles-with-gis-buffer-analyses-across-the-lifespan
#2
REVIEW
Matthew Browning, Kangjae Lee
Is the amount of "greenness" within a 250-m, 500-m, 1000-m or a 2000-m buffer surrounding a person's home a good predictor of their physical health? The evidence is inconclusive. We reviewed Web of Science articles that used geographic information system buffer analyses to identify trends between physical health, greenness, and distance within which greenness is measured. Our inclusion criteria were: (1) use of buffers to estimate residential greenness; (2) statistical analyses that calculated significance of the greenness-physical health relationship; and (3) peer-reviewed articles published in English between 2007 and 2017...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644416/evaluation-of-trace-element-and-metal-accumulation-and-edibility-risk-associated-with-consumption-of-labeo-umbratus-from-the-vaal-dam-south-africa
#3
Beric M Gilbert, Ebrahim Hussain, Franz Jirsa, Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage
With the occurrence of recreational and small scale subsistence fishing activities at the Vaal Dam, South Africa, consumption of fish from this dam may result in health risks associated with trace elements and metals. The Vaal Dam is one of the largest dams in South Africa, located between the Gauteng Province and Orange Free State, and supplies water to approximately 11.6 million people. A total of 38 specimens of the benthic cyprinid fish Labeo umbratus were collected from the Vaal Dam during two surveys, in 2011 and 2016...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644414/benefits-facilitators-barriers-and-strategies-to-improve-pesticide-protective-behaviors-insights-from-farmworkers-in-north-carolina-tobacco-fields
#4
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine E LePrevost, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
Pesticide exposure is associated with deleterious health effects. Prior studies suggest Latino farmworkers perceive little control over their occupational health. Using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical guide, we explored the perceptions of Latino farmworkers working in tobacco in North Carolina (n = 72) about benefits and facilitators of pesticide protective behaviors as well as barriers, and strategies to overcome barriers to their use. Interviews were conducted with participants at farmworker housing during non-work time...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644413/clonal-diversity-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-environmental-human-and-food-samples
#5
Elena Ojer-Usoz, David González, Ana Isabel Vitas
This study presents a comprehensive approach of a clonal diversity analysis of 448 Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli isolated from environmental, human and food samples in Spain. The phenotypic confirmation of ESBL production was performed by disc diffusion and microdilution methods, while Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and sequencing were used for the molecular characterization of β-lactamase genes (blaCTX-M, blaSHV, blaTEM, blaOXA). Clonal relationship of isolates was determined by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST)...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644405/socioeconomic-status-and-health-a-new-approach-to-the-measurement-of-bivariate-inequality
#6
Guido Erreygers, Roselinde Kessels
We suggest an alternative way to construct a family of indices of socioeconomic inequality of health. Our indices belong to the broad category of linear indices. In contrast to rank-dependent indices, which are defined in terms of the ranks of the socioeconomic variable and the levels of the health variable, our indices are based on the levels of both the socioeconomic and the health variable. We also indicate how the indices can be modified in order to introduce sensitivity to inequality in the socioeconomic distribution and to inequality in the health distribution...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644403/assessment-of-vulnerability-to-coccidioidomycosis-in-arizona-and-california
#7
Jennifer Shriber, Kathryn C Conlon, Kaitlin Benedict, Orion Z McCotter, Jesse E Bell
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection endemic to the southwestern United States, particularly Arizona and California. Its incidence has increased, potentially due in part to the effects of changing climatic variables on fungal growth and spore dissemination. This study aims to quantify the county-level vulnerability to coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California and to assess the relationships between population vulnerability and climate variability. The variables representing exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity were combined to calculate county level vulnerability indices...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644400/evaluation-of-sources-and-patterns-of-elemental-composition-of-pm2-5-at-three-low-income-neighborhood-schools-and-residences-in-quito-ecuador
#8
Amit U Raysoni, Rodrigo X Armijos, M Margaret Weigel, Patricia Echanique, Marcia Racines, Nicholas E Pingitore, Wen-Whai Li
Elemental characterization of fine particulate matter was undertaken at schools and residences in three low income neighborhoods in Quito, Ecuador. The three zones were located in the northern (Cotocollao), south central (El Camal), and south east (Los Chillos) neighborhoods and were classified as zones 1-3, respectively. Forty elements were quantified via ICP-MS analysis. Amongst the geogenic elements, the concentration of Si was the most abundant followed by S, Al, and Ca. Elements with predominantly anthropogenic sources such as Zn, V, and Ni were higher in zone 3 school followed by zone 2 and zone 1 schools...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644399/effects-of-biochar-derived-sewage-sludge-on-heavy-metal-adsorption-and-immobilization-in-soils
#9
Dan Zhou, Dan Liu, Fengxiang Gao, Mengke Li, Xianping Luo
The object of this study was to evaluate the effect of sewage sludge biochar on adsorption and mobility of Cr, Mn, Cu, and Zn. Biochar (BC400) was produced via pyrolysis of municipal sewage sludge at 400 °C. Maximum adsorption capacities (qm) for Zn, Cr, Mn, and Cu were 5.905, 5.724, 5.681, and 5.342 mg·g(-1), respectively, in the mono-metal solution and 2.475, 8.204, 1.01, and 5.415 mg·g(-1), respectively, in the multi-metal solution. The adsorption capacities for Mn, Cu, and Zn decreased in the multi-metal solution due to competitive adsorption, whereas the capacity for Cr increased...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640232/why-do-children-engage-in-sedentary-behavior-child-and-parent-perceived-determinants
#10
Lisan M Hidding, Teatske M Altenburg, Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw
Todays children spend a large amount of their time sedentary. There is limited evidence on the determinants of sedentary behavior in children, and qualitative studies are especially lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to explore determinants of children's sedentary behavior from the child- and parent perspective. Qualitative data were collected during concept mapping sessions with four groups of 11-13 years old children (n = 38) and two online sessions with parents (n = 21). Children and parents generated sedentary behavior motives, sorted related motives, and rated their importance in influencing children's sedentary time...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640229/seasonal-differences-in-determinants-of-time-location-patterns-in-an-urban-population-a-large-population-based-study-in-korea
#11
Sewon Lee, Kiyoung Lee
Time location patterns are a significant factor for exposure assessment models of air pollutants. Factors associated with time location patterns in urban populations are typically due to high air pollution levels in urban areas. The objective of this study was to determine the seasonal differences in time location patterns in two urban cities. A Time Use Survey of Korean Statistics (KOSTAT) was conducted in the summer, fall, and winter of 2014. Time location data from Seoul and Busan were collected, together with demographic information obtained by diaries and questionnaires...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640202/evaluation-of-legionella-air-contamination-in-healthcare-facilities-by-different-sampling-methods-an-italian-multicenter-study
#12
Maria Teresa Montagna, Osvalda De Giglio, Maria Luisa Cristina, Christian Napoli, Claudia Pacifico, Antonella Agodi, Tatjana Baldovin, Beatrice Casini, Maria Anna Coniglio, Marcello Mario D'Errico, Santi Antonino Delia, Maria Grazia Deriu, Marco Guida, Pasqualina Laganà, Giorgio Liguori, Matteo Moro, Ida Mura, Francesca Pennino, Gaetano Privitera, Vincenzo Romano Spica, Silvia Sembeni, Anna Maria Spagnolo, Stefano Tardivo, Ida Torre, Federica Valeriani, Roberto Albertini, Cesira Pasquarella
Healthcare facilities (HF) represent an at-risk environment for legionellosis transmission occurring after inhalation of contaminated aerosols. In general, the control of water is preferred to that of air because, to date, there are no standardized sampling protocols. Legionella air contamination was investigated in the bathrooms of 11 HF by active sampling (Surface Air System and Coriolis(®)μ) and passive sampling using settling plates. During the 8-hour sampling, hot tap water was sampled three times. All air samples were evaluated using culture-based methods, whereas liquid samples collected using the Coriolis(®)μ were also analyzed by real-time PCR...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640200/animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-classroom-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Victoria L Brelsford, Kerstin Meints, Nancy R Gee, Karen Pfeffer
The inclusion of animals in educational practice is becoming increasingly popular, but it is unclear how solid the evidence for this type of intervention is. The aim of this systematic review is to scrutinise the empirical research literature relating to animal-assisted interventions conducted in educational settings. The review included 25 papers; 21 from peer-reviewed journals and 4 obtained using grey literature databases. Most studies reported significant benefits of animal-assisted interventions in the school setting...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635673/toxicity-of-naphthalene-and-benzene-on-tribollium-castaneum-herbst
#14
Nerlis Pajaro-Castro, Karina Caballero-Gallardo, Jesus Olivero-Verbel
Naphthalene and benzene are widely-used volatile organic compounds. The aim of this research was to examine the toxicological effects of naphthalene and benzene against Tribolium castaneum as an animal model. Adult insects were exposed to these aromatic compounds to assess mortality after 4-48 h of exposure. The lethal concentration 50 (LC50) for naphthalene, naphthalin, and benzene were 63.6 µL/L, 20.0 µL/L, and 115.9 µL/L in air, respectively. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis revealed expression changes in genes related to oxidative stress and metabolism [Glutathione S-Transferase (Gst), and Cytochrome P450 6BQ8 (Cyp6bq8)]; reproduction and metamorphosis [Hormone receptor in 39-like protein (Hr39), Ecdysone receptor: (Ecr), and Chitin synthase 2 (Chs2)]; and neurotransmission [Histamine-gated chloride channel 2 (Hiscl2)] in insects exposed for 4 h to 70...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635641/the-fate-of-pollutants-in-porous-asphalt-pavements-laboratory-experiments-to-investigate-their-potential-to-impact-environmental-health
#15
Susanne M Charlesworth, Jamie Beddow, Ernest O Nnadi
Pervious Paving Systems (PPS) are part of a sustainable approach to drainage in which excess surface water is encouraged to infiltrate through their structure, during which potentially toxic elements, such as metals and hydrocarbons are treated by biodegradation and physical entrapment and storage. However, it is not known where in the PPS structure these contaminants accumulate, which has implications for environmental health, particularly during maintenance, as well as consequences for the recycling of material from the PPS at the end-of-life...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635638/antibiotic-concentrations-decrease-during-wastewater-treatment-but-persist-at-low-levels-in-reclaimed-water
#16
Prachi Kulkarni, Nathan D Olson, Greg A Raspanti, Rachel E Rosenberg Goldstein, Shawn G Gibbs, Amir Sapkota, Amy R Sapkota
Reclaimed water has emerged as a potential irrigation solution to freshwater shortages. However, limited data exist on the persistence of antibiotics in reclaimed water used for irrigation. Therefore, we examined the fate of nine commonly-used antibiotics (ampicillin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, linezolid, oxacillin, oxolinic acid, penicillin G, pipemidic acid, and tetracycline) in differentially treated wastewater and reclaimed water from two U.S. regions. We collected 72 samples from two Mid-Atlantic and two Midwest treatment plants, as well as one Mid-Atlantic spray irrigation site...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632198/community-response-to-multiple-sound-sources-integrating-acoustic-and-contextual-approaches-in-the-analysis
#17
Peter Lercher, Bert De Coensel, Luc Dekonink, Dick Botteldooren
Sufficient data refer to the relevant prevalence of sound exposure by mixed traffic sources in many nations. Furthermore, consideration of the potential effects of combined sound exposure is required in legal procedures such as environmental health impact assessments. Nevertheless, current practice still uses single exposure response functions. It is silently assumed that those standard exposure-response curves accommodate also for mixed exposures-although some evidence from experimental and field studies casts doubt on this practice...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632195/towards-a-long-term-strategy-for-voluntary-based-internal-radiation-contamination-monitoring-representativeness-of-the-monitoring-results-in-fukushima-japan
#18
Shuhei Nomura, Masaharu Tsubokura, Michio Murakami, Kyoko Ono, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
Following Japan's 2011 Fukushima nuclear incident, voluntary participation, rather than mandatory, was adopted as the default scenario for individual radiation monitoring. We evaluated the representativeness of the internal monitoring results from voluntary participants in Minamisoma City, which is located 10-40 km from the Fukushima nuclear plant. Of approximately 70,000 individuals who were residing in Minamisoma City before the incident, a total of 19,263 residents (aged ≥21 years) participated in the monitoring from 1 October 2011 to 31 March 2015...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632192/coverage-and-influencing-determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-in-elderly-patients-in-a-country-with-a-poor-vaccination-implementation
#19
Maria Ganczak, Karolina Gil, Marcin Korzeń, Marta Bażydło
The seasonal influenza vaccination uptake of the elderly in Poland is one of the lowest in Europe. Objective: to assess the vaccination coverage and influencing determinants in patients ≥65 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted (November 2015-April 2016) among consecutive patients admitted to a municipal hospital located in the city of Szczecin, North-west Poland. Patients completed researcher-administered, anonymous questionnaires on socio- demographic data/factors related to the vaccination...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#20
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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