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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772849/relationship-between-orthodontic-treatment-need-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-11%C3%A2-18-year-old-adolescents-in-lithuania
#1
Aistė Kavaliauskienė, Antanas Šidlauskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis
The aim was to examine the relationship between orthodontic treatment need and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among Lithuanian adolescents aged 11⁻18 across gender and age groups. A representative cross-sectional study of 911 adolescents aged 11⁻18 (mean (M) = 15.53; Standard Deviation (SD) = 1.52) was conducted in 26 public schools. The schoolchildren completed the Child Perceptions Questionnaire to evaluate their OHRQoL. The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used to evaluate the severity of malocclusion...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772848/increased-vaccination-coverage-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-district-of-palermo-as-a-result-of-a-public-health-strategy-to-counteract-an-epidemic-panic
#2
Claudio Costantino, Vincenzo Restivo, Gianmarco Ventura, Claudio D'Angelo, Maria Angela Randazzo, Nicolò Casuccio, Mario Palermo, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
During the summer of 2016 four cases of invasive meningococcal disease in rapid succession among young adults in the district of Palermo, Italy, resulting in one death, were widely reported by local and national mass media. The resultant 'epidemic panic' among the general population overloaded the vaccination units of the Palermo district over the following months. Strategies implemented by the Sicilian and local public health authorities to counteract 'meningitis fear' included the following: (a) extension of active and free-of-charge anti-meningococcal tetravalent vaccination from age class 12⁻18 to 12⁻30 years old; (b) implementation of vaccination units during normal clinic hours in rooms tailored for vaccine administration; (c) development of informative institutional tools and timely communication throughout local mass media to reassure the general population...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772846/analysis-of-the-content-of-chromium-in-certain-parts-of-the-human-knee-joint
#3
Wojciech Roczniak, Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała, Elżbieta Cipora, Agata Jakóbik-Kolon, Magdalena Konieczny, Magdalena Babuśka-Roczniak
Chromium is an essential microelement in the human body. It exerts an effect on bones by modulating their biochemical parameters: alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). With considerable accumulation of chromium in the skeleton, the activity of alkaline phosphatase was found to decrease, which affected bone formation rate. The study objective was to analyze chromium content in the knee tissues. Tissues for analysis were obtained during endoprosthesoplasty of the knee joint and included tibia, femur, and meniscus tissues...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772839/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-clustered-randomised-controlled-trial-active-schools-skelmersdale
#4
Sarah L Taylor, Robert J Noonan, Zoe R Knowles, Michael B Owen, Bronagh McGrane, Whitney B Curry, Stuart J Fairclough
Schools are key environments in which physical activity (PA) can be promoted. Various strategies and opportunities should be used to engage children in PA within schools. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the multi-component Active Schools: Skelmersdale (AS:Sk) pilot intervention on children's PA and sedentary time (ST). The AS:Sk intervention was implemented for eight weeks in four schools with three control schools continuing normal practice. It consisted of eight components: active breaks, bounce at the bell, 'Born To Move' videos, Daily Mile or 100 Mile Club, playground activity challenge cards, physical education teacher training, newsletters, and activity homework...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772838/statistical-analysis-of-bathing-water-quality-in-puglia-region-italy
#5
Daniela Malcangio, Claudio Donvito, Nicola Ungaro
Geostatistic analysis was applied to the dataset from multi-year monitoring, in the Apulian marine-coastal zone (Mediterranean Sea, Italy), on the presence and abundance of intestinal Enterococci and Escherichia coli , microbiological indicators of faecal contamination at the sea. The same faecal contamination can be considered as the main cause of pollution phenomenon under current Italian and European regulations for the bathing waters (Italian Government Decree 116/2008, European Directive 2006/7/CE). The main objective of the study is to verify, taking into the account the anthropic pressures acting on the coastal zone, the efficiency of the Apulian regional monitoring plan currently in force for the assessment of bathing waters quality, with a view to a hypothetical reduction of sample collection points...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772819/do-young-people-ever-sit-still-variations-in-accelerometer-counts-muscle-activity-and-heart-rate-across-various-sedentary-activities-in-youth
#6
Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw, Joost Rotteveel, Teatske M Altenburg
Evidence of adverse health effects of TV viewing is stronger than for overall sedentary behaviour in youth. One explanation may be that TV viewing involves less body movement than other sedentary activities. Variations in body movement across sedentary activities are currently unknown, as are age differences in such variations. This study examined body movement differences across various sedentary activities in children and adolescents, assessed by hip-, thigh- and wrist-worn accelerometers, muscle activity and heart rate...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772812/change-and-continuity-in-vaping-and-smoking-by-young-people-a-qualitative-case-study-of-a-friendship-group
#7
Neil McKeganey, Marina Barnard
This paper reports a qualitative case study of a small friendship group ( n = 8) in Glasgow, Scotland. Interviewed twice at six months apart, these 16 to 17 year olds reported a substantial change in their use of and attitudes towards e-cigarettes and tobacco. At time 1, vaping generated much excitement and interest, with six out of eight individuals having their own vape device. At time 2, only two young people still vaped, with the others no longer professing any interest in continued vaping. The two regular smokers, who had been smoking before they first vaped, now only vaped privately and to reduce their tobacco intake...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772808/mercury-levels-in-women-and-children-from-interior-villages-in-suriname-south-america
#8
Paul E Ouboter, Gwendolyn Landburg, Gaitrie U Satnarain, Sheryl Y Starke, Indra Nanden, Bridget Simon-Friedt, William B Hawkins, Robert Taylor, Maureen Y Lichtveld, Emily Harville, Jeffrey K Wickliffe
Natural sources of mercury, historical gold mining, and contemporary artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) activities have led to mercury contamination in Suriname. Our primary objective was to evaluate mercury levels in hair of women and children from interior villages in Suriname where mercury levels in fish are elevated. We also estimated blood levels of mercury using an established mathematical conversion to facilitate comparison with other biomonitoring programs in the United States. Estimated levels of mercury in the blood of participants from Suriname were significantly higher than those in women from a heavy marine fish-consuming population in southeast Louisiana and estimates of the US national average...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772806/cancer-incidence-trend-in-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-area-from-1999-to-2014-an-ecological-study
#9
Kyung-Hwa Choi, Myung-Sook Park, Mina Ha, Jong-Il Hur, Hae-Kwan Cheong
The Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) occurred in the Republic of Korea on 7 December 2007. We aimed to describe the cancer incidence trend in Taean County before and after the oil spill. Five major cancers and leukemia were analyzed. Cancer incidence data were obtained from the Korean National Cancer Center. We compared the standardized incidence rates in Taean with those observed nationwide and selected three coastal areas. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to examine the trends in the average annual percent change and perform comparisons...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772803/the-impact-of-activity-based-working-abw-on-workplace-activity-eating-behaviours-productivity-and-satisfaction
#10
Lauren Arundell, Bronwyn Sudholz, Megan Teychenne, Jo Salmon, Brooke Hayward, Genevieve N Healy, Anna Timperio
The redesign of the physical workplace according to activity-based working (ABW) principles has potential to influence employee health and workplace outcomes. This natural experiment examined changes in accelerometer-derived workplace activity, self-reported eating behaviours, productivity, workplace satisfaction before (March to November 2014) and six to nine months after moving to an ABW workplace compared to a comparison workplace ( n = 146 at baseline (56% ABW, aged 40.1 ± 8.5 years, 72% female). Interviews were also conducted with 21 ABW participants...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772780/the-radon-gas-in-underground-buildings-in-clay-soils-the-plaza-balmis-shelter-as-a-paradigm
#11
Carlos Rizo Maestre, Víctor Echarri Iribarren
In healthy buildings, it is considered essential to quantify air quality. One of the most fashionable indicators is radon gas. To determine the presence of this element, which is harmful to health, in the environment, the composition of the soil is studied. The presence of radon gas within a building depends both on the terrain in which it is located and on the composition of the materials of which it is composed, and not as was previously believed, only by the composition of the soil (whether granitic or not)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772768/within-and-between-individual-variability-of-exposure-to-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-risk-factors
#12
Mohsen Zare, Jean-Claude Sagot, Yves Roquelaure
Industrial companies indicate a tendency to eliminate variations in operator strategies, particularly following implementation of the lean principle. Companies believe when the operators perform the same prescribed tasks, they have to execute them in the same manner (completing the same gestures and being exposed to the same risk factors). They attempt to achieve better product quality by standardizing and reducing operational leeway. However, operators adjust and modify ways of performing tasks to balance between their abilities and the requirements of the job...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772744/activities-of-daily-living-and-determinant-factors-among-older-adult-subjects-with-lower-body-fracture-after-discharge-from-hospital-a-prospective-study
#13
Nurul Izzah Ibrahim, Mohd Sharkawi Ahmad, Mohamed S Zulfarina, Sharifah Nurul Aqilah Sayed Mohd Zaris, Isa Naina Mohamed, Norazlina Mohamed, Sabarul Afian Mokhtar, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
Fracture is a type of musculoskeletal injury that contributes to an inability to perform daily activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate activities of daily living (ADL) of older adult patients with lower body fracture and to determine factors influencing ADL. Patient's ADL was assessed at pre-fracture, ward admission and post-discharge phases using the Katz ADL questionnaire. There were 129 subjects at pre-fracture and ward phases and 89 subjects at discharge phase. There were four independent variables; age, gender, type of fracture and ability to walk before fracture...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772741/changes-in-lumbopelvic-movement-and-muscle-recruitment-associated-with-prolonged-deep-squatting-a-pilot-study
#14
Tim K S Lui, Sharon M H Tsang, Anthony W L Kwok
This study examined the changes in spinal kinematics and muscle recruitment of the lumbopelvic region associated with prolonged squatting. Eight subjects with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and eight asymptomatic subjects (AS) performed squat-to-stand and reverse movements, before and immediately after 15 min deep-squatting. Within-group and between-group differences in lumbopelvic kinematics and electromyographic activity acquired in lumbar erector spinae (ES), gluteus maximus (GM), and vastus lateralis (VL) were analyzed...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#15
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772673/reducing-amputations-in-people-with-diabetes-rapid-evaluation-of-a-new-care-pathway
#16
Sandra MacRury, Kate Stephen, Fiona Main, Jane Gorman, Sandra Jones, David Macfarlane
People with diabetes are at increased risk of foot ulcers, which, if left untreated, can lead to infection, gangrene, and subsequent amputation. Management by a multidisciplinary diabetes foot team has been shown to reduce amputation rates; however, accessing specialist treatment is made particularly difficult when living in remote and rural locations, such as many individuals cared for within NHS Highland. The RAPID project was made up of two phases: firstly, to evaluate the technical feasibility of a new integrated care pathway using innovative technology, and secondly, to establish process enhancement of the pathway to justify a larger-scale study...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772665/investigating-the-role-of-gold-nanoparticle-shape-and-size-in-their-toxicities-to-fungi
#17
Kangze Liu, Zhonglei He, Hugh J Byrne, James F Curtin, Furong Tian
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are increasingly being used in a wide range of applications, and such they are being released in greater quantities into the environment. Consequently, the environmental effects of GNPs, especially toxicities to living organisms, have drawn great attention. However, their toxicological characteristics still remain unclear. Fungi, as the decomposers of the ecosystem, interact directly with the environment and critically control the overall health of the biosphere. Thus, their sensitivity to GNP toxicity is particularly important...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762538/insufficient-sleep-duration-and-overweight-obesity-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-population
#18
Qing-Hai Gong, Si-Xuan Li, Hui Li, Jun Cui, Guo-Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight/obesity among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese adolescents in 2016. In total, 2795 school-aged Chinese children aged 12 to 13 years participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete self-administered surveys during a 45-min class period in their classroom. Details of the questionnaire about health-related behaviors included sleep habits, physical activity, screen time, cigarette use, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762532/pregnancy-trimester-specific-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-child-respiratory-health-outcomes-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-effect-modification-by-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi
#19
Shu-E Soh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yap-Seng Chong
Prenatal exposure to air pollution is associated with childhood respiratory health; however, no previous studies have examined maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as a potential effect modifier. We investigated whether maternal pre-pregnancy BMI modified the association of trimester-specific air pollution divided into quartiles of exposure (Q1⁻4) on respiratory health in the Growing Up in Singapore towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study ( n = 953) in 2-year-old children. For episodes of wheezing, children of overweight/obese mothers and who were exposed to particulate matter less than 2...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762520/condom-and-substance-use-at-last-sex-differences-between-msmo-and-mswo-high-school-youth
#20
Gregory Phillips, Mariah M Kalmin, Blair Turner, Dylan Felt, Rachel Marro, Paul Salamanca, Lauren B Beach
HIV disproportionately impacts youth, particularly young men who have sex with men (YMSM), a population that includes subgroups of young men who have sex with men only (YMSMO) and young men who have sex with men and women (YMSMW). In 2015, among male youth, 92% of new HIV diagnoses were among YMSM. The reasons why YMSM are disproportionately at risk for HIV acquisition, however, remain incompletely explored. We performed event-level analyses to compare how the frequency of condom use, drug and/or alcohol use at last sex differed among YMSMO and YMSWO (young men who have sex with women only) over a ten-year period from 2005⁻2015 within the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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