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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304360/traffic-related-air-pollution-and-childhood-asthma-recent-advances-and-remaining-gaps-in-the-exposure-assessment-methods
#1
REVIEW
Haneen Khreis, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Background: Current levels of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) are associated with the development of childhood asthma, although some inconsistencies and heterogeneity remain. An important part of the uncertainty in studies of TRAP-associated asthma originates from uncertainties in the TRAP exposure assessment and assignment methods. In this work, we aim to systematically review the exposure assessment methods used in the epidemiology of TRAP and childhood asthma, highlight recent advances, remaining research gaps and make suggestions for further research...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304359/social-networking-sites-and-addiction-ten-lessons-learned
#2
REVIEW
Daria J Kuss, Mark D Griffiths
Online social networking sites (SNSs) have gained increasing popularity in the last decade, with individuals engaging in SNSs to connect with others who share similar interests. The perceived need to be online may result in compulsive use of SNSs, which in extreme cases may result in symptoms and consequences traditionally associated with substance-related addictions. In order to present new insights into online social networking and addiction, in this paper, 10 lessons learned concerning online social networking sites and addiction based on the insights derived from recent empirical research will be presented...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304357/clinical-prediction-of-suicide-and-undetermined-death-a-pseudo-prospective-clinical-and-medico-legal-study-of-substance-abusers
#3
Louise Brådvik, Mats Berglund, Arne Frank, Peter Löwenhielm
This study examines aspects of prediction of suicide and death of undetermined intent. We investigated all consecutive, autopsied patients between 1993 and 1997 who had been in contact with the Addiction Centre in Malmö from 1968 onwards. The staff was asked, shortly after autopsy but before they knew of the manner of death, if they thought the patient had committed suicide. The case records were blindly evaluated, and toxicological autopsy findings for alcohol in blood samples investigated. The specificity of prediction was 83% and significantly more often correct than the sensitivity, which was only 45% for suicide and for suicide/death of undetermined intent (93% versus 39%)...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304356/spatially-correlated-time-series-and-ecological-niche-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-afghanistan
#4
Oyelola A Adegboye, Majeed Adegboye
Leishmaniasis is the third most common vector-borne disease and a very important protozoan infection. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the most common types of leishmaniasis infectious diseases with up to 1.2 million occurrences of new cases each year worldwide. A dynamic transmission multivariate time series model was applied to the data to account for overdispersion and evaluate the effects of three environmental layers as well as seasonality in the data. Furthermore, ecological niche modeling was used to study the geographically suitable conditions for cutaneous leishmaniasis using temperature, precipitation and altitude as environmental layers, together with the leishmaniasis presence data...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295001/microbial-remobilisation-on-riverbed-sediment-disturbance-in-experimental-flumes-and-a-human-impacted-river-implication-for-water-resource-management-and-public-health-in-developing-sub-saharan-african-countries
#5
Akebe Luther King Abia, Chris James, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Maggy Ndombo Benteke Momba
Resuspension of sediment-borne microorganisms (including pathogens) into the water column could increase the health risk for those using river water for different purposes. In the present work, we (1) investigated the effect of sediment disturbance on microbial resuspension from riverbed sediments in laboratory flow-chambers and in the Apies River, Gauteng, South Africa; and (2) estimated flow conditions for sediment-borne microorganism entrainment/resuspension in the river. For mechanical disturbance, the top 2 cm of the sediment in flow-chambers was manually stirred...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294999/the-social-norms-of-suicidal-and-self-harming-behaviours-in-scottish-adolescents
#6
Jody Quigley, Susan Rasmussen, John McAlaney
Although the suicidal and self-harming behaviour of individuals is often associated with similar behaviours in people they know, little is known about the impact of perceived social norms on those behaviours. In a range of other behavioural domains (e.g., alcohol consumption, smoking, eating behaviours) perceived social norms have been found to strongly predict individuals' engagement in those behaviours, although discrepancies often exist between perceived and reported norms. Interventions which align perceived norms more closely with reported norms have been effective in reducing damaging behaviours...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294998/economic-burden-for-lung-cancer-survivors-in-urban-china
#7
Xin Zhang, Shuai Liu, Yang Liu, Jian Du, Wenqi Fu, Xiaowen Zhao, Weidong Huang, Xianming Zhao, Guoxiang Liu, Zhengzhong Mao, Teh-Wei Hu
BACKGROUND: With the rapid increase in the incidence and mortality of lung cancer, a growing number of lung cancer patients and their families are faced with a tremendous economic burden because of the high cost of treatment in China. This study was conducted to estimate the economic burden and patient responsibility of lung cancer patients and the impact of this burden on family income. METHODS: This study uses data from a retrospective questionnaire survey conducted in 10 communities in urban China and includes 195 surviving lung cancer patients diagnosed over the previous five years...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287500/the-evaluation-on-the-cadmium-net-concentration-for-soil-ecosystems
#8
Yu Yao, Pei-Fang Wang, Chao Wang, Jun Hou, Ling-Zhan Miao
Yixing, known as the "City of Ceramics", is facing a new dilemma: a raw material crisis. Cadmium (Cd) exists in extremely high concentrations in soil due to the considerable input of industrial wastewater into the soil ecosystem. The in situ technique of diffusive gradients in thin film (DGT), the ex situ static equilibrium approach (HAc, EDTA and CaCl2), and the dissolved concentration in soil solution, as well as microwave digestion, were applied to predict the Cd bioavailability of soil, aiming to provide a robust and accurate method for Cd bioavailability evaluation in Yixing...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287498/risk-factors-for-mortality-among-adult-hiv-aids-patients-following-antiretroviral-therapy-in-southwestern-ethiopia-an-assessment-through-survival-models
#9
Dinberu Seyoum, Jean-Marie Degryse, Yehenew Getachew Kifle, Ayele Taye, Mulualem Tadesse, Belay Birlie, Akalu Banbeta, Angel Rosas-Aguirre, Luc Duchateau, Niko Speybroeck
Introduction: Efforts have been made to reduce HIV/AIDS-related mortality by delivering antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment. However, HIV patients in resource-poor settings are still dying, even if they are on ART treatment. This study aimed to explore the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related mortality in Southwestern Ethiopia. Method: A non-concurrent retrospective cohort study which collected data from the clinical records of adult HIV/AIDS patients, who initiated ART treatment and were followed between January 2006 and December 2010, was conducted, to explore the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related mortality at Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH)...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287496/model-based-evaluation-of-strategies-to-control-brucellosis-in-china
#10
Ming-Tao Li, Gui-Quan Sun, Wen-Yi Zhang, Zhen Jin
Brucellosis, the most common zoonotic disease worldwide, represents a great threat to animal husbandry with the potential to cause enormous economic losses. Brucellosis has become a major public health problem in China, and the number of human brucellosis cases has increased dramatically in recent years. In order to evaluate different intervention strategies to curb brucellosis transmission in China, a novel mathematical model with a general indirect transmission incidence rate was presented. By comparing the results of three models using national human disease data and 11 provinces with high case numbers, the best fitted model with standard incidence was used to investigate the potential for future outbreaks...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287467/life-after-stroke-in-an-urban-minority-population-a-photovoice-project
#11
Revathi Balakrishnan, Benjamin Kaplan, Rennie Negron, Kezhen Fei, Judith Z Goldfinger, Carol R Horowitz
Stroke is a leading cause of disability in the United States and disproportionately affects minority populations. We sought to explore the quality of life in urban, minority stroke survivors through their own photos and narratives. Using the Photovoice method, seventeen stroke survivors were instructed to take pictures reflecting their experience living with and recovering from stroke. Key photographs were discussed in detail; participants brainstormed ways to improve their lives and presented their work in clinical and community sites...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287452/congenital-anomalies-in-contaminated-sites-a-multisite-study-in-italy
#12
Michele Santoro, Fabrizio Minichilli, Anna Pierini, Gianni Astolfi, Lucia Bisceglia, Pietro Carbone, Susanna Conti, Gabriella Dardanoni, Ivano Iavarone, Paolo Ricci, Gioacchino Scarano, Fabrizio Bianchi, RiscRipro Sentieri Working Group
The health impact on populations residing in industrially contaminated sites (CSs) is recognized as a public health concern especially in relation to more vulnerable population subgroups. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of congenital anomalies (CAs) in Italian CSs. Thirteen CSs covered by regional CA registries were investigated in an ecological study. The observed/expected ratios (O/E) with 90% confidence intervals (CI) for the total and specific subgroups of CAs were calculated using the regional areas as references...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287446/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-sleep-by-work-type-and-pattern-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#13
Bronwyn K Clark, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Mitch J Duncan, Wendy Brown
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31-36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59-64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287441/cumulative-risk-assessment-in-the-lorraine-region-a-framework-to-characterize-environmental-health-inequalities
#14
Julien Caudeville, Despoina Ioannidou, Emmanuelle Boulvert, Roseline Bonnard
The study explores spatial data processing methods and the associated impact on the characterization and quantification of a combined health risk indicator at a regional scale and at fine resolution. To illustrate the methodology of combining multiple publicly available data sources, we present a case study of the Lorraine region (France), where regional stakeholders were involved in the global procedures for data collection and organization. Different indicators are developed by combining technical approaches for assessing and characterizing human health exposure to chemical substances (in soil, air and water) and noise risk factors...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282961/pedestrians-in-traffic-environments-ultrafine-particle-respiratory-doses
#15
Maurizio Manigrasso, Claudio Natale, Matteo Vitali, Carmela Protano, Pasquale Avino
Particulate matter has recently received more attention than other pollutants. PM10 and PM2.5 have been primarily monitored, whereas scientists are focusing their studies on finer granulometric sizes due both to their high number concentration and their high penetration efficiency into the respiratory system. The purpose of this study is to investigate the population exposure to UltraFine Particles (UFP, submicrons in general) in outdoor environments. The particle number doses deposited into the respiratory system have been compared between healthy individuals and persons affected by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282959/combined-effect-of-silica-nanoparticles-and-benzo-a-pyrene-on-cell-cycle-arrest-induction-and-apoptosis-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#16
Collins Otieno Asweto, Jing Wu, Hejing Hu, Lin Feng, Xiaozhe Yang, Junchao Duan, Zhiwei Sun
Particulate matter (PM) such as ultrafine particulate matter (UFP) and the organic compound pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) are widespread in the environment. UFP and PAH are present in the air, and their presence may enhance their individual adverse effects on human health. However, the mechanism and effect of their combined interactions on human cells are not well understood. We investigated the combined toxicity of silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) (UFP) and Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) (PAH) on human endothelial cells...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282958/perceived-stigma-of-sudden-bereavement-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-suicide-attempt-analysis-of-british-cross-sectional-survey-data-on-3387-young-bereaved-adults
#17
Alexandra Pitman, Khadija Rantell, Louise Marston, Michael King, David Osborn
The sudden death of a friend or relative, particularly by suicide, is a risk factor for suicide. People who experience sudden bereavement report feeling highly stigmatised by the loss, potentially influencing access to support. We assessed whether perceived stigma following sudden bereavement is associated with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempt. We analysed cross-sectional survey data on 3387 young adults bereaved by the sudden death of a close contact. We tested the association of high versus low perceived stigma (on the stigma sub-scale of the Grief Experience Questionnaire) with post-bereavement suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, using random effects logistic regression, adjusting for socio-demographic factors, pre-bereavement psychopathology, and mode of sudden bereavement (natural causes/unnatural causes/suicide)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282955/parental-supply-of-alcohol-in-childhood-and-risky-drinking-in-adolescence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Sonia Sharmin, Kypros Kypri, Masuma Khanam, Monika Wadolowski, Raimondo Bruno, Richard P Mattick
Whether parental supply of alcohol affects the likelihood of later adolescent risky drinking remains unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize findings from longitudinal studies investigating this association. We searched eight electronic databases up to 10 September 2016 for relevant terms and included only original English language peer-reviewed journal articles with a prospective design. Two reviewers independently screened articles, extracted data and assessed risk of bias...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282947/disparity-in-retention-in-care-and-viral-suppression-for-black-caribbean-born-immigrants-living-with-hiv-in-florida
#19
Elena Cyrus, Christyl Dawson, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Daniel E Mauck, Mariana Sanchez, Lorene M Maddox, Mary Jo Trepka
(1) The study aim was to assess disparities in non-retention in HIV care and non-viral suppression among non-Hispanic Black Caribbean immigrants living with HIV in Florida. (2) We analyzed cases involving individuals, aged ≥13, who met CDC HIV case definition during 2000-2014. Chi square test was used to evaluate differences in non-retention and non-viral suppression by country of origin/race/ethnicity. Multilevel logistic regressions with three referent groups [US-born Blacks, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs)] were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282942/the-role-of-age-friendly-environments-on-quality-of-life-among-thai-older-adults
#20
Sariyamon Tiraphat, Karl Peltzer, Kriengsak Thamma-Aphiphol, Kawinarat Suthisukon
Studies on the significance of age-friendly environments towards quality of life among older adults have been limited. This study aimed to examine the association between age-friendly environments and quality of life among Thai older adults. Cross-sectional interview survey data were collected from 4183 older adults (≥60 years) using multistage stratified systematic sampling from all four regions in Thailand. The outcome variable was the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale, while independent variables included sociodemographic factors, having a health problem, and neighbourhood age-friendly environment variables...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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