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Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

Lei Feng, Jiang-Hua Hu, Jie Chen, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on juxtafoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to multifocal choroiditis (MFC) and wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: In this retrospective, comparative study, 20 unique eyes with CNV were divided into two groups: 10 patients affected by MFC and 10 patients diagnosed with wet AMD. They all received local intravitreal (IVT) injections of ranibizumab, with 6 months of follow-up...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Hui-Hui Zhang, Zheng Li, Yu Liu, Ping Xinag, Xin-Yi Cui, Hui Ye, Bao-Lan Hu, Li-Ping Lou
With the increasing occurrence of haze during the summer, the physicochemical characteristics and toxicity differences in PM2.5 in different seasons are of great concern. Hangzhou is located in an area that has a subtropical monsoon climate where the humidity is very high during both the summer and winter. However, there are limited studies on the seasonal differences in PM2.5 in these weather conditions. In this test, PM2.5 samples were collected in the winter and summer, the morphology and chemical composition of PM2...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Xiang Hu, Dominika Sobotka, Krzysztof Czerwionka, Qi Zhou, Li Xie, Jacek Makinia
The effects of two different external carbon sources (acetate and ethanol) and electron acceptors (dissolved oxygen, nitrate, and nitrite) were investigated under aerobic and anoxic conditions with non-acclimated process biomass from a full-scale biological nutrient removal-activated sludge system. When acetate was added as an external carbon source, phosphate release was observed even in the presence of electron acceptors. The release rates were 1.7, 7.8, and 3.5 mg P/(g MLVSS·h) (MLVSS: mixed liquor volatile suspended solids), respectively, for dissolved oxygen, nitrate, and nitrite...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Li-Ning Su, Xiao-Qing Song, Zhan-Xia Xue, Chen-Qing Zheng, Hai-Feng Yin, Hui-Ping Wei
Axon regeneration is crucial for recovery from neurological diseases. Numerous studies have identified several genes, microRNAs (miRNAs), and transcription factors (TFs) that influence axon regeneration. However, the regulatory networks involved have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we analyzed a regulatory network of 51 miRNAs, 27 TFs, and 59 target genes, which is involved in axon regeneration. We identified 359 pairs of feed-forward loops (FFLs), seven important genes (Nap1l1, Arhgef12, Sema6d, Akt3, Trim2, Rab11fip2, and Rps6ka3), six important miRNAs (hsa-miR-204-5p, hsa-miR-124-3p, hsa-miR-26a-5p, hsa-miR-16-5p, hsa-miR-17-5p, and hsa-miR-15b-5p), and eight important TFs (Smada2, Fli1, Wt1, Sp6, Sp3, Smad4, Smad5, and Creb1), which appear to play an important role in axon regeneration...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yi-Bo Zhu, Yan Xu, Li-Mei Wang, Bin Qi
(R)-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropionic acid (PLA) is an ideal antimicrobial compound with broad-spectrum activity against a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria, some Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. We studied the bioconversion of phenylpyruvate (PPA) to PLA using whole recombinant Escherichia coli cells in a series of buffer/organic solvent systems. Octane was found to be the best organic solvent. The optimum volume ratio of the water phase to the n-octane phase, conversion temperature, substrate concentration, and cell concentration were 6:4, 40 °C, 12...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yong-Chao Li, Jian-Guo Shen, Guo-Huan Zhao, Qin Yao, Wei-Min Li
We report the recovery of a 7068-nt viral sequence from the "viral fossils" embedded in the genome of Alhagi sparsifolia, a typical desert plant. Although the full viral genome remains to be completed, the putative genome structure, the deduced amino acids and phylogenetic analysis unambiguously demonstrate that this viral sequence represents a novel species of the genus Badnavirus. The putative virus is tentatively termed Alhagi bacilliform virus (ABV). Southern blotting and inverse polymerase chain reaction (PCR) data indicate that the ABV-related sequence is integrated into the A...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Jing Ye, Yao-Long Yang, Xing-Hua Wei, Xiao-Jun Niu, Shan Wang, Qun Xu, Xiao-Ping Yuan, Han-Yong Yu, Yi-Ping Wang, Yue Feng, Shu Wang
Rice leaf color mutants play a great role in research about the formation and development of chloroplasts and the genetic mechanism of the chlorophyll (Chl) metabolism pathway. pgl3 is a rice leaf color mutant derived from Xiushui11 (Oryza sativa L. spp. japonica), treated with ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS). The mutant exhibited a pale-green leaf (pgl) phenotype throughout the whole development as well as reduced grain quality. Map-based cloning of PGL3 revealed that it encodes the chloroplast signal recognition particle 43 kDa protein (cpSRP43)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Warren Chanda, Thomson P Joseph, Xue-Fang Guo, Wen-Dong Wang, Min Liu, Miza S Vuai, Arshad A Padhiar, Min-Tao Zhong
Microorganisms provide both beneficial and harmful effects to human beings. Beneficial effects come from the symbiotic relationship that exists between humans and microbiota, but then several human illnesses have turned some friendly microbes into opportunistic pathogens, causing several microbial-related diseases. Various efforts have been made to create and utilize antimicrobial agents in the treatment and prevention of these infections, but such efforts have been hampered by the emergence of antimicrobial resistance...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yong Chen, Yi-Fan Zhang, Hao-Cheng Qian, Jing-Liang Wang, Zhe Chen, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai, Li-Rong Shen
Turmeric residue (TR), containing residual levels of curcumin, is a solid by-product waste generated after the extraction and separation of curcumin from turmeric root. A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of TR on the survival of Chinese soft-shelled turtles (SSTs), Pelodiscus sinensis, under a high ambient temperature. A total of 320 female SSTs were assigned randomly to two diets: basal diet (the control group, n=160) and an interventional diet supplemented with 10% TR (the TR group, n=160)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Huan-Huan Pang, Mei-Fang Jiang, Qin-Hui Wang, Xiao-Ye Wang, Wei Gao, Zhi-Hao Tian, Jian-Mei Huang
Danshen, the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae), is one of the traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) most commonly used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, little is known about the chemical and metabolic profiles of danshen in vitro or in vivo. In particular, more information is needed in relation to the 50% ethanol extracts usually used in danshen formulations such as Fufang Xueshuantong Capsules and Fufang Danshen tablets. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometer (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) provides a sensitive and accurate method for analyzing the composition of samples...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Wen-Jia Xie, Ye-Sheng Xu, Xia Zhang, Yu-Feng Yao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the lower tear meniscus height (LTMH), central tear film thickness (CTFT), and central corneal epithelial thickness (CCET) after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 20 patients who had DALK in one eye over a three-month period. LTMH, CTFT, and CCET of the operated eyes and the unoperated fellow eyes were measured using high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT). Correlations between three OCT assessments and age, time following surgery, graft size, bed size, and the number of residual sutures were analyzed...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Le-Xing Zhang, Jing-Jing Xiang, Pei-Ying Wei, Jin-Wang Ding, Ding-Cun Luo, Zhi-Yi Peng, Zhi-Jiang Han
This study was to investigate the diagnostic value of the computed tomography (CT) histogram in thyroid benign solitary coarse calcification nodules (BSCNs). A total of 89 thyroid solitary coarse calcification nodules (coarse calcification ≥5 mm, no definite soft tissue around calcification) confirmed either by surgery or histopathological examination in 86 cases enrolled from January 2009 to December 2015 were evaluated. These included 56 BSCNs and 33 malignant solitary coarse calcification nodules (MSCNs)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Le Ying, De-Dong Kong, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Feng Yan, Yue-Fei Wang, Ping Xu
Phenolics, as the main bioactive compounds in tea, have been suggested to have potential in the prevention of various human diseases. However, little is known about phenolics and their bioactivity in Zhangping Narcissue tea cake which is considered the most special kind of oolong tea. To unveil its bioactivity, three phenolic-enriched extracts were obtained from Zhangping Narcissue tea cake using ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water. Their main chemical compositions and in vitro bioactivity were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Zhen-Yu Yao, Wen-Bin Chen, Shan-Shan Shao, Shi-Zhan Ma, Chong-Bo Yang, Meng-Zhu Li, Jia-Jun Zhao, Ling Gao
Metabolic disorders are classified clinically as a complex and varied group of diseases including metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Fat toxicity, chronic inflammation, and oxidative stress, which may change cellular functions, are considered to play an essential role in the pathogenetic progress of metabolic disorders. Recent studies have found that cells secrete nanoscale vesicles containing proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and membrane receptors, which mediate signal transduction and material transport to neighboring and distant cells...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Xu-Xu Liu, Wei-Dong Liu, Lei Wang, Bin Zhu, Xiao Shi, Zi-Xuan Peng, He-Cheng Zhu, Xing-Dong Liu, Mei-Zuo Zhong, Dan Xie, Mu-Sheng Zeng, Cai-Ping Ren
The identification and use of molecular biomarkers have greatly improved the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors. However, a much deeper understanding of oncogenic proteins is needed for the benefit to cancer patients. The lipid raft marker proteins, flotillin-1 and flotillin-2, were first found in goldfish retinal ganglion cells during axon regeneration. They have since been found in a variety of cells, mainly on the inner surface of cell membranes, and not only act as a skeleton to provide a platform for protein-protein interactions, but also are involved in signal transduction, nerve regeneration, endocytosis, and lymphocyte activation...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yuan-Qiang Lu
Though the cases of HIV patients with paraquat (PQ) poisoning are rare, we still found the common features. These recovered HIV patients tended to result in much less lung injury, and had low CD4+ T lymphocyte levels due to HIV infection, which meant they were under the immunosuppressive condition during treatment. This may be conducive to relieve the acute inflammation and lung fibrosis induced by PQ. Thus, we consider the immunosuppressive therapy for PQ poisoning to be appropriate. However, the drugs used currently may be not optimal for toxic patient...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yi-Ying Zhao, Qiang Chu, Xu-Er Shi, Xiao-Dong Zheng, Xiao-Ting Shen, Yan-Zhen Zhang
To address the controversial issue of the toxicity of dental alloys and silver nanoparticles in medical applications, an in vivo-like LO2 3-D model was constructed within polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber materials to mimic the microenvironment of liver tissue. The use of microscopy methods and the measurement of liver-specific functions optimized the model for best cell performances and also proved the superiority of the 3-D LO2 model when compared with the traditional monolayer model. Toxicity tests were conducted using the newly constructed model, finding that four dental castings coated with silver nanoparticles were toxic to human hepatocytes after cell viability assays...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Lin Tang, Wei-Jun Luo, Zhen-Li He, Hanumanth Kumar Gurajala, Yasir Hamid, Kiran Yasmin Khan, Xiao-E Yang
Vegetables are important constituents of the human diet. Heavy metals and nitrate are among the major contaminants of vegetables. Consumption of vegetables and fruits with accumulated heavy metals and nitrate has the potential to damage different body organs leading to unwanted effects. Breeding vegetables with low heavy metal and nitrate contaminants is a cost-effective approach. We investigated 38 water spinach genotypes for low Cd and nitrate co-accumulation. Four genotypes, i.e. JXDY, GZQL, XGDB, and B888, were found to have low co-accumulation of Cd (<0...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Essa Ali, Nazim Hussain, Imran Haider Shamsi, Zahra Jabeen, Muzammil Hussain Siddiqui, Li-Xi Jiang
The well-known detrimental effects of cadmium (Cd) on plants are chloroplast destruction, photosynthetic pigment inhibition, imbalance of essential plant nutrients, and membrane damage. Jasmonic acid (JA) is an alleviator against different stresses such as salinity and drought. However, the functional attributes of JA in plants such as the interactive effects of JA application and Cd on rapeseed in response to heavy metal stress remain unclear. JA at 50 µmol/L was observed in literature to have senescence effects in plants...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Abdul Wahab, Syed Aleem Jan, Abdur Rauf, Zia Ur Rehman, Zahid Khan, Aftab Ahmed, Fatima Syed, Sher Zaman Safi, Hamayun Khan, Muhammad Imran
OBJECTIVE: Scandix pecten-veneris L. is a less studied wild edible herb and is considered an extinct plant species in many parts of the world. This study was designed to evaluate its phytochemical composition and biological potential of S. pecten-veneris L. METHODS: Phytochemicals including alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, and tannins were determined in extracts of S. pecten-veneris. Antioxidant activity was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), while reducing power was tested by ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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