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Annals of General Psychiatry

Elham Baharzadeh, Fereydoun Siassi, Mostafa Qorbani, Fariba Koohdani, Neda Pak, Gity Sotoudeh
Background: The association of fruits and vegetables (FV) specific subgroups consumption and depression has not been investigated in healthy adult populations. Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine the relationship between intake of FV as well as their subgroups and depression. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 women attending healthcare centers. The scores of depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the 21-item depression, anxiety and stress scales questionnaire...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Bereket Duko, Epherem Geja, Mahlet Zewude, Semere Mekonen
Background: Globally, 350 million people are affected by depression and 800,000 people die due to suicide every year due to depression. People living with HIV/AIDS face different challenges, including HIV-related perceived stigma, lack of social support and also depression. This study aimed to assess prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptom among people living with HIV/AIDS attending Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Methods: Hospital-based cross-sectional study was implemented in 2016...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Waleed M Sweileh
Background: Diabetic patients, during the course of the disease, are most likely to experience depressive symptoms that might ultimately lead to suicidal ideation or suicide. The size of literature in diabetes depression/suicide is a good indicator of national and international efforts to address psychological co-morbidities associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, the objective of this study was to give a comprehensive analysis, both quantitative and qualitative, of scientific literature in diabetes depression/suicide...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Melat Solomon, Telake Azale, Awake Meherte, Getachew Asfaw, Getinet Ayano
Introduction: There is a cultural variability around the perception of what causes the syndrome of schizophrenia. As far as the cause of schizophrenia by the general public concerned, people living in western countries focus mainly on biological and social risk factors such as genetic vulnerability, disease of the brain, infection or stressful social conditions or personal weakness, but the predominant views held by people living in non-western countries focus mainly on supernatural and religious factors...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Temesgen Ergetie, Zegeye Yohanes, Biksegn Asrat, Wubit Demeke, Andargie Abate, Minale Tareke
Background: The stigmatization of mental illness is currently considered to be one of the most important issues facing caregivers of severely mentally ill individuals. There is a dearth of information about the prevalence and associated factors of perceived stigma among caregivers of people with severe mental illness in the study area. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of perceived stigma among non-professional caregivers of people with severe mental illness, Bahir Dar, northwest Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Kingi Mochache, Muthoni Mathai, Onesmus Gachuno, Ann Vander Stoep, Manasi Kumar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-018-0202-6.].
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Anna Adam, Grigoris Kiosseoglou, Grigoris Abatzoglou, Zaira Papaligoura
Background: Children with learning disabilities are a heterogeneous group of children with a common characteristic discrepancy on the progress and development of their individual learning abilities. A few statistical analyses have been published regarding the factor analysis of the Greek Edition of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III. The aim of the research is the emergence of a new factorial model which describes the General Intelligence (g) of children and adolescents with learning disabilities, and that differs from the already existing intelligence models...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Rossetos Gournellis, Kalliopi Tournikioti, Giota Touloumi, Christos Thomadakis, Panayiota G Michalopoulou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Christos Christodoulou, Athanasia Papadopoulou, Athanasios Douzenis
Background: It remains unclear whether psychotic features increase the risk of completed suicides in unipolar depression. The present systematic review coupled with a meta-analysis attempts to elucidate whether unipolar psychotic major depression (PMD) compared to non-PMD presents higher rates of suicides. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Scopus, PubMed, and "gray literature" for all studies providing data on completed suicides in PMD compared to non-PMD, and the findings were then subjected to meta-analysis...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Yanjun Zhang, JiuYu Xiang, Jianlin Wen, Wei Bian, Liangbin Sun, Ziran Bai
Background: When the minority college students from the ethnic minority communities come to study in Chinese Han region, they encounter adapting difficulties of culture and socio-psychology, in which empathy plays a crucial role. Current instruments used to measure empathy have many limited effectiveness. The empathy quotient (EQ) scale which has been validated in many countries was explicitly designed for clinical applications and was intended to be sensitive to a lack of empathy. This study is to develop a complete Chinese version of the EQ scale and to assess its reliability and validity among Chinese minority college students in the Han Chinese region...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Shengnan Wei, Miao Chang, Ran Zhang, Xiaowei Jiang, Fei Wang, Yanqing Tang
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a known major risk factor for suicide and is one of the most common mental disorders. Meanwhile, gender differences in suicidal behavior have long been recognized including the finding that women have higher rates of suicidal ideation and/or suicidal behavior than men. The mechanism underlying suicide ideation in female patients with MDD remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to examine possible suicidal behavior-related neural circuitry in female MDD...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Athanasios Apostolopoulos, Ioannis Michopoulos, Ioannis Zachos, Emmanouil Rizos, Georgios Tzeferakos, Vasiliki Manthou, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Athanasios Douzenis
Background: Personality disorders (PDs) have been associated with both violent crimes and homicides in many studies. The proportion of PDs among prisoners reaches up to 80%. For male prisoners, the most common PD in the literature is antisocial PD. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between PDs and violent crimes/homicides of male prisoners in Greece. Methods: A sample of 308 subjects was randomly selected from a population of 1300 male prisoners incarcerated in two Greek prisons, one urban and one rural...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Melak Menberu, Tesfa Mekonen, Telake Azale, Getinet Ayano, Solomon Yimer, Asmamaw Getnet, Amsalu Belete, Sitotaw Kerie, Wubalem Fekadu
Background: Depression is one of the most disabling and chronic mental illnesses. Despite its high burden, many people suffering from depression did not perceive that they had a treatable illness and consequently most of them did not seek professional help. The aim of this study was to assess the level of professional help-seeking behavior and associated factors among individuals with depression. Methods and materials: The community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among residents of Dessie, Northeast Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Elmars Rancans, Marcis Trapencieris, Rolands Ivanovs, Jelena Vrublevska
Background: Depression is highly underdiagnosed in primary care settings in Latvia. Screening for depression in primary care is potentially an efficient way to find undetected case s and improve diagnostics. We aimed to validate both a nine-item and two-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9 and PHQ-2) in the Latvian and Russian languages in primary care settings using a representative sample in Latvia. Materials and methods: The study was carried out within the framework of the National Research Program BIOMEDICINE to assess the prevalence of mental disorders at 24 primary care facilities...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Yang-Whan Jeon, Sang-Ick Han, E Jin Park
Background: The associations between depression and immunity were investigated by measuring the scores of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and peripheral lymphocyte parameters in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Forty-nine patients with MDD were recruited and their clinical symptoms are evaluated with 17-item HRSD which was factorized using the confirmatory factor analysis (i.e., depression factor, insomnia factor, and anxiety factor)...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Kingi Mochache, Muthoni Mathai, Onesmus Gachuno, Ann Vander Stoep, Manasi Kumar
Background: Preterm birth occurs among 9.6% of births worldwide and is the leading cause of long-term neurodevelopmental disabilities among children and also responsible for 28% of neonatal deaths. No single etiological factor is responsible for preterm birth, but various risk factors have been identified. Prior studies have reported that compromised maternal mental health occurring during pregnancy may lead to various adverse obstetric outcomes. Objective: To determine whether antenatal depression is significantly associated with preterm delivery in a low resource hospital sample from suburbs of Nairobi...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Jay Moss, Dippy Nauranga, Doyoung Kim, Michael Rosen, Karen Wang, Krista Lanctot
Background: Hospital-based physicians must routinely decide whether patients receiving care in the emergency room require admission to an acute care bed. We endeavoured to understand clinician-related factors that influence the decision to admit. Methods: We retrospectively examined data collected between August 1, 2013 and July 31, 2015 for patients triaged as mental health assessments in the emergency department of a university teaching hospital. We identified 1530 unique cases who had been reviewed by the staff psychiatrist for a decision on whether to admit to an acute care bed...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Douglas Gaitho, Manasi Kumar, Dalton Wamalwa, Grace Nduku Wambua, Ruth Nduati
Background: Globally adolescents continue to have an upward trend in HIV incidence and AIDS-related mortality. The interplay between the rapid physical growth, sexual maturation, and enormous albeit slow-evolving cognitive and psychological changes in adolescence may partly explain this trend. Our main purpose was to highlight key psychosocial characteristics of HIV-infected adolescents and explore if these characteristics are associated with depression symptoms. Methods: From August to December 2016 after obtaining informed consent, adolescents living with HIV at Kenyatta National Hospital were interviewed using the Home environment, Education and Employment, Activity, Sexuality, Suicide and depression traits (HEADSS) tool combined with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to elucidate which key symptoms of depression and link with psychosocial characteristics mapped on HEADSS...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Concetta De Pasquale, Carmela Dinaro, Federica Sciacca
The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to investigate the prevalence of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) among Italian university students and (b) to explore the associations between the former and dissociative phenomena. The sample included 221 college students, 93 males and 128 females, aged between 18 and 25 ( M  = 21.56; SD = 1.42). They were asked to state their favourite games choice and were administered a demographic questionnaire, the APA symptom checklist based on the diagnostic criteria of IGD in the DSM-5, the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale Short Form (IGD9-SF) and the Italian version of dissociative experience scale for adolescents and young adults...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Asrat Chaka, Tadesse Awoke, Zegeye Yohannis, Getinet Ayano, Minale Tareke, Andargie Abate, Mulugeta Nega
Background: Depression is the most frequently and highly occurring mental disorders in epilepsy patients. When depression is comorbid with epilepsy, it leads to low employment and poor quality of life. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among people living with epilepsy in Central Ethiopia. Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 at Amanuel Mental Specialized and TikurAnbesa Hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Andargie Abate, Minale Tareke, Mulat Tirfie, Ayele Semachew, Desalegne Amare, Emiru Ayalew
Introduction: Khat is a well-known natural stimulant and is widely used in Ethiopia, particularly in Bahir Dar city. Khat chewing is linked with risky sexual behaviors. Objective: The study was aimed to determine the prevalence of chewing khat and its relation with risky sexual behaviors among residents of Bahir Dar City administration, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February, 2016...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
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