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Annals of General Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465711/treatment-modalities-for-patients-with-gambling-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Sam-Wook Choi, Young-Chul Shin, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi, Seohee Kim, Seung-Hyun Kim, HyunChul Youn
BACKGROUND: Gambling disorder (GD) is defined as persistent and recurrent problematic gambling behavior leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. The prevalence of GD has been shown to be 1.2-7.1% in the general population. GD can severely impact on personal and vocational wellbeing as well as lead to financial problems, and has been known to be difficult to treat. This review describes the available pharmacotherapy/psychosocial treatments for GD patients, and summarizes data on the effectiveness of these GD treatments...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439289/bipolarity-and-suicidal-ideation-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Flórido Sampaio das Neves Peixoto, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Nélio Barreto Vieira, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Gabriel Cabral Alencar Dos Santos, Flaviane Cristine Troglio da Silva, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
BACKGROUND: Affective disorders in children and adolescents have received growing attention in the world scenario of mental health. Additionally, there has been an increasing prevalence of suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to demonstrate the main risk factors regarding the development of suicidal ideation in the bipolar disorder. METHODS: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis using the PRISMA protocol (http://www...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435437/lower-suicide-intention-in-patients-with-personality-disorders-admitted-for-deliberate-self-poisoning-than-in-patients-with-other-diagnoses
#3
T K Grimholt, D Jacobsen, O R Haavet, Ø Ekeberg
BACKGROUND: People with deliberate self-poisoning and personality disorders are in increased risk for suicide. Intention and psychiatric features are important factors in a psychiatric evaluation and for planning aftercare. METHODS: Patients admitted to medical departments after deliberate self-poisoning were studied (n = 117). Patients with personality disorder according to (ICD-10, F.60-69) were compared to patients with affective disorders, substance use disorders, and unknown psychiatric diagnosis on Beck Suicide Intention Scale (SIS), Beck Suicide Ideation Scale (BSI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428806/is-low-total-cholesterol-levels-associated-with-suicide-attempt-in-depressive-patients
#4
A Messaoud, R Mensi, A Mrad, A Mhalla, I Azizi, B Amemou, I Trabelsi, M H Grissa, N Haj Salem, A Chadly, W Douki, M F Najjar, L Gaha
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a high risk of suicide. Many pathophysiological factors involved in MDD and suicide such us a low cholesterol levels have been associated with MDD and increased vulnerability to suicide. In this study, we investigate the relation between lipid parameters and suicide risk in patients with MDD. METHODS: Plasma levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) were determined in 160 patients meeting the DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD (110 patients without suicidal behavior and 52 suicidal attempters) and 151 healthy controls...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392828/screening-of-wilson-s-disease-in-a-psychiatric-population-difficulties-and-pitfalls-a-preliminary-study
#5
Caroline Demily, François Parant, David Cheillan, Emmanuel Broussolle, Alice Pavec, Olivier Guillaud, Lioara Restier, Alain Lachaux, Muriel Bost
BACKGROUND: Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare autosomal-recessive, inherited disorder caused by a mutation in the copper-transporting gene ATP7B affecting the liver and nervous system. About 30% of patients with WD may initially present with psychiatric symptoms, and diagnosis can be difficult to establish. The objectives of the present preliminary study were [1] to evaluate the relevance of serum copper (Cu) and ceruloplasmin (Cp) measures in hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders; and [2] to identify possible mutations in the ATP7B gene in patients with abnormal biological copper profile...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289436/lifestyle-factors-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Adrian Heald, John Pendlebury, Simon Anderson, Vinesh Narayan, Mark Guy, Martin Gibson, Peter Haddad, Mark Livingston
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease is more common in patients with schizophrenia than the general population. AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise, in patients with schizophrenia and estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a representative group of outpatients with schizophrenia in Salford, UK. An interview supplemented by questionnaires was used to assess diet, physical activity, and cigarette and alcohol use...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289435/erratum-to-agonist-opioid-treatment-as-historical-comprehensive-treatment-dole-nyswander-methodology-is-associated-with-better-toxicology-outcome-than-harm-reduction-treatment
#7
Jacopo V Bizzarri, Valentina Casetti, Livia Sanna, Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Daria Piacentino, Andreas Conca, Icro Maremmani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-016-0109-z.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286538/erratum-to-the-effects-of-probiotics-on-depressive-symptoms-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#8
Caroline J K Wallace, Roumen Milev
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-017-0138-2.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286537/smoking-and-antidepressants-pharmacokinetics-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Pedro Oliveira, Joana Ribeiro, Helena Donato, Nuno Madeira
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasingly recognized relationship between depression and smoking, little is known about how smoking influences antidepressant response and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the impact of smoking on new-generation antidepressants with an emphasis on the pharmacokinetic perspective. METHODS: We present a systematic review of clinical trials comparing the serum levels of new-generation antidepressants in smokers and nonsmokers...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265295/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-towards-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-among-psychiatrists-and-family-physicians-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Ahmad N AlHadi, Fahad M AlShahrani, Ali A Alshaqrawi, Mohanned A Sharefi, Saud M Almousa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards ECT among psychiatrists and family physicians in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study is quantitative observational cross-sectional with a convenient sample that included psychiatrists and family physicians (including residents) in Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Of the 434 questionnaires emailed, a total of 126 returned completed questionnaires (29% response rate). The mean age of respondents was 35 years old...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250802/insomnia-severity-and-its-relationship-with-demographics-pain-features-anxiety-and-depression-in-older-adults-with-and-without-pain-cross-sectional-population-based-results-from-the-pains65-cohort
#11
Elena Dragioti, Lars-Åke Levin, Lars Bernfort, Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a major cause of concern in the elderly with and without pain. This study set out to examine the insomnia and its correlates in a large sample of community adults aged ≥65 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was completed by 6205 older individuals (53.8% women; mean age = 76.2 years; SD = 7.5). The participants also completed the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and questionnaires assessing pain intensity, pain spreading, anxiety, depression, and basic demographic information...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239408/the-effects-of-probiotics-on-depressive-symptoms-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Caroline J K Wallace, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from depression experience significant mood, anxiety, and cognitive symptoms. Currently, most antidepressants work by altering neurotransmitter activity in the brain to improve these symptoms. However, in the last decade, research has revealed an extensive bidirectional communication network between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system, referred to as the "gut-brain axis." Advances in this field have linked psychiatric disorders to changes in the microbiome, making it a potential target for novel antidepressant treatments...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239407/the-greek-orthodox-version-of-the-brief-religious-coping-b-rcope-instrument-psychometric-properties-in-three-samples-and-associations-with-mental-disorders-suicidality-illness-perceptions-and-quality-of-life
#13
Vassiliki Paika, Elias Andreoulakis, Elisavet Ntountoulaki, Dimitra Papaioannou, Konstantinos Kotsis, Vassiliki Siafaka, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Kenneth I Pargament, Andre F Carvalho, Thomas Hyphantis
BACKGROUND: The B-RCOPE is a brief measure assessing religious coping. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties of its Greek version in people with and without long-term conditions (LTCs). Associations between religious coping and mental illness, suicidality, illness perceptions, and quality of life were also investigated. METHODS: The B-RCOPE was administered to 351 patients with diabetes, chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD), and rheumatic diseases attending either the emergency department (N = 74) or specialty clinics (N = 302) and 127 people without LTCs...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239406/erratum-to-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-asthma
#14
Jae Ho Chung, Sun-Hyun Kim, Yong Won Lee
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-016-0122-2.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#15
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203265/cardiometabolic-comorbidities-readmission-and-costs-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-real-world-analysis
#16
Christoph U Correll, Daisy S Ng-Mak, Dana Stafkey-Mailey, Eileen Farrelly, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: Serious mental illnesses are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic comorbidities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiometabolic comorbidity and its association with hospitalization outcomes and costs among inpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHODS: This retrospective database analysis reviewed patients with an inpatient diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder from the Premier Perspective® Database (4/1/2010-6/30/2012)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203264/a-pilot-study-exploring-the-association-of-morphological-changes-with-5-httlpr-polymorphism-in-ocd-patients
#17
Shinichi Honda, Tomohiro Nakao, Hiroshi Mitsuyasu, Kayo Okada, Leo Gotoh, Mayumi Tomita, Hirokuni Sanematsu, Keitaro Murayama, Keisuke Ikari, Masumi Kuwano, Takashi Yoshiura, Hiroaki Kawasaki, Shigenobu Kanba
BACKGROUND: Clinical and pharmacological studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have suggested that the serotonergic systems are involved in the pathogenesis, while structural imaging studies have found some neuroanatomical abnormalities in OCD patients. In the etiopathogenesis of OCD, few studies have performed concurrent assessment of genetic and neuroanatomical variables. METHODS: We carried out a two-way ANOVA between a variable number of tandem repeat polymorphisms (5-HTTLPR) in the serotonin transporter gene and gray matter (GM) volumes in 40 OCD patients and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174595/hla-drb1-03-as-a-possible-common-etiology-of-schizophrenia-graves-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
Aicha Sayeh, Cheker Ben Cheikh, Ali Mardessi, Meriem Mrad, Brahim Nsiri, Abdelaziz Oumaya, Najiba Fekih-Mrissa
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune diseases and schizophrenia share many common features. Association studies confirm a shared genetic association in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region between schizophrenia and most autoimmune diseases. To our knowledge, the simultaneous syndromes of Graves' disease (GD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in schizophrenia are rare in Tunisia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 42-year-old woman admitted to the department of psychiatry for an acute relapse of chronic schizophrenia...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174594/preventing-involuntary-admissions-special-needs-for-distinct-patient-groups
#19
Knut Hoffmann, I S Haussleiter, F Illes, J Jendreyschak, A Diehl, B Emons, C Armgart, A Schramm, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures in psychiatry are a controversial topic and raise ethical, legal and clinical issues. Involuntary admission of patients is a long-lasting problem and indicates a problematic pathway to care situations within the community, largely because personal freedom is fundamentally covered by the UN declaration of human rights and the German constitution. METHODS: In this study, a survey on a large and comprehensive population of psychiatric in-patients in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was carried out for the years 2004-2009, including 230...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149320/antidepressive-response-of-inpatients-with-major-depression-to-adjuvant-occupational-therapy-a-case-control-study
#20
Marc-Andreas Edel, Brian Blackwell, Markus Schaub, Barbara Emons, Tanja Fox, Friederike Tornau, Bernward Vieten, Patrik Roser, Ida Sibylle Haussleiter, Georg Juckel
BACKGROUND: Despite marked costs and limited evidence regarding effectiveness, occupational therapy (OT) is widely applied in psychiatric settings and financed by health insurance companies in European countries. This pilot study investigated the antidepressive effects of adjuvant OT for patients with major depression in a 6-week inpatient setting, stratified for females and males. METHODS: A total of 114 inpatients with major depression were assigned to either a standard OT group (using basic handcraft) or an active control group that played board games (2 h daily, 5 days a week)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
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