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Annals of General Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289436/lifestyle-factors-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Adrian Heald, John Pendlebury, Simon Anderson, Vinesh Narayan, Mark Guy, Martin Gibson, Peter Haddad, Mark Livingston
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease is more common in patients with schizophrenia than the general population. AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise, in patients with schizophrenia and estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a representative group of outpatients with schizophrenia in Salford, UK. An interview supplemented by questionnaires was used to assess diet, physical activity, and cigarette and alcohol use...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289435/erratum-to-agonist-opioid-treatment-as-historical-comprehensive-treatment-dole-nyswander-methodology-is-associated-with-better-toxicology-outcome-than-harm-reduction-treatment
#2
Jacopo V Bizzarri, Valentina Casetti, Livia Sanna, Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Daria Piacentino, Andreas Conca, Icro Maremmani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-016-0109-z.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286538/erratum-to-the-effects-of-probiotics-on-depressive-symptoms-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#3
Caroline J K Wallace, Roumen Milev
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-017-0138-2.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286537/smoking-and-antidepressants-pharmacokinetics-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Pedro Oliveira, Joana Ribeiro, Helena Donato, Nuno Madeira
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasingly recognized relationship between depression and smoking, little is known about how smoking influences antidepressant response and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the impact of smoking on new-generation antidepressants with an emphasis on the pharmacokinetic perspective. METHODS: We present a systematic review of clinical trials comparing the serum levels of new-generation antidepressants in smokers and nonsmokers...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265295/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-towards-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-among-psychiatrists-and-family-physicians-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Ahmad N AlHadi, Fahad M AlShahrani, Ali A Alshaqrawi, Mohanned A Sharefi, Saud M Almousa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards ECT among psychiatrists and family physicians in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study is quantitative observational cross-sectional with a convenient sample that included psychiatrists and family physicians (including residents) in Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Of the 434 questionnaires emailed, a total of 126 returned completed questionnaires (29% response rate). The mean age of respondents was 35 years old...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250802/insomnia-severity-and-its-relationship-with-demographics-pain-features-anxiety-and-depression-in-older-adults-with-and-without-pain-cross-sectional-population-based-results-from-the-pains65-cohort
#6
Elena Dragioti, Lars-Åke Levin, Lars Bernfort, Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a major cause of concern in the elderly with and without pain. This study set out to examine the insomnia and its correlates in a large sample of community adults aged ≥65 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was completed by 6205 older individuals (53.8% women; mean age = 76.2 years; SD = 7.5). The participants also completed the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and questionnaires assessing pain intensity, pain spreading, anxiety, depression, and basic demographic information...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239408/the-effects-of-probiotics-on-depressive-symptoms-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Caroline J K Wallace, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from depression experience significant mood, anxiety, and cognitive symptoms. Currently, most antidepressants work by altering neurotransmitter activity in the brain to improve these symptoms. However, in the last decade, research has revealed an extensive bidirectional communication network between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system, referred to as the "gut-brain axis." Advances in this field have linked psychiatric disorders to changes in the microbiome, making it a potential target for novel antidepressant treatments...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239407/the-greek-orthodox-version-of-the-brief-religious-coping-b-rcope-instrument-psychometric-properties-in-three-samples-and-associations-with-mental-disorders-suicidality-illness-perceptions-and-quality-of-life
#8
Vassiliki Paika, Elias Andreoulakis, Elisavet Ntountoulaki, Dimitra Papaioannou, Konstantinos Kotsis, Vassiliki Siafaka, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Kenneth I Pargament, Andre F Carvalho, Thomas Hyphantis
BACKGROUND: The B-RCOPE is a brief measure assessing religious coping. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties of its Greek version in people with and without long-term conditions (LTCs). Associations between religious coping and mental illness, suicidality, illness perceptions, and quality of life were also investigated. METHODS: The B-RCOPE was administered to 351 patients with diabetes, chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD), and rheumatic diseases attending either the emergency department (N = 74) or specialty clinics (N = 302) and 127 people without LTCs...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239406/erratum-to-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-asthma
#9
Jae Ho Chung, Sun-Hyun Kim, Yong Won Lee
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12991-016-0122-2.].
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#10
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203265/cardiometabolic-comorbidities-readmission-and-costs-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-real-world-analysis
#11
Christoph U Correll, Daisy S Ng-Mak, Dana Stafkey-Mailey, Eileen Farrelly, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: Serious mental illnesses are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic comorbidities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiometabolic comorbidity and its association with hospitalization outcomes and costs among inpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHODS: This retrospective database analysis reviewed patients with an inpatient diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder from the Premier Perspective® Database (4/1/2010-6/30/2012)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203264/a-pilot-study-exploring-the-association-of-morphological-changes-with-5-httlpr-polymorphism-in-ocd-patients
#12
Shinichi Honda, Tomohiro Nakao, Hiroshi Mitsuyasu, Kayo Okada, Leo Gotoh, Mayumi Tomita, Hirokuni Sanematsu, Keitaro Murayama, Keisuke Ikari, Masumi Kuwano, Takashi Yoshiura, Hiroaki Kawasaki, Shigenobu Kanba
BACKGROUND: Clinical and pharmacological studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have suggested that the serotonergic systems are involved in the pathogenesis, while structural imaging studies have found some neuroanatomical abnormalities in OCD patients. In the etiopathogenesis of OCD, few studies have performed concurrent assessment of genetic and neuroanatomical variables. METHODS: We carried out a two-way ANOVA between a variable number of tandem repeat polymorphisms (5-HTTLPR) in the serotonin transporter gene and gray matter (GM) volumes in 40 OCD patients and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174595/hla-drb1-03-as-a-possible-common-etiology-of-schizophrenia-graves-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
Aicha Sayeh, Cheker Ben Cheikh, Ali Mardessi, Meriem Mrad, Brahim Nsiri, Abdelaziz Oumaya, Najiba Fekih-Mrissa
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune diseases and schizophrenia share many common features. Association studies confirm a shared genetic association in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region between schizophrenia and most autoimmune diseases. To our knowledge, the simultaneous syndromes of Graves' disease (GD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in schizophrenia are rare in Tunisia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 42-year-old woman admitted to the department of psychiatry for an acute relapse of chronic schizophrenia...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174594/preventing-involuntary-admissions-special-needs-for-distinct-patient-groups
#14
Knut Hoffmann, I S Haussleiter, F Illes, J Jendreyschak, A Diehl, B Emons, C Armgart, A Schramm, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures in psychiatry are a controversial topic and raise ethical, legal and clinical issues. Involuntary admission of patients is a long-lasting problem and indicates a problematic pathway to care situations within the community, largely because personal freedom is fundamentally covered by the UN declaration of human rights and the German constitution. METHODS: In this study, a survey on a large and comprehensive population of psychiatric in-patients in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was carried out for the years 2004-2009, including 230...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149320/antidepressive-response-of-inpatients-with-major-depression-to-adjuvant-occupational-therapy-a-case-control-study
#15
Marc-Andreas Edel, Brian Blackwell, Markus Schaub, Barbara Emons, Tanja Fox, Friederike Tornau, Bernward Vieten, Patrik Roser, Ida Sibylle Haussleiter, Georg Juckel
BACKGROUND: Despite marked costs and limited evidence regarding effectiveness, occupational therapy (OT) is widely applied in psychiatric settings and financed by health insurance companies in European countries. This pilot study investigated the antidepressive effects of adjuvant OT for patients with major depression in a 6-week inpatient setting, stratified for females and males. METHODS: A total of 114 inpatients with major depression were assigned to either a standard OT group (using basic handcraft) or an active control group that played board games (2 h daily, 5 days a week)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018476/the-association-between-altered-lipid-profile-and-suicide-attempt-among-tunisian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Rym Mensi, Amal Messaoud, Ahmed Mhallah, Islem Azizi, Walid Haj Salah, Wahiba Douki, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar, Lotfi Gaha
BACKGROUND: There have been many studies on psychiatric disorders, but very little is known about the biology of suicide with schizophrenia. In the present study, we are looking for a possible connection between altered lipid profile and suicidal behavior in schizophrenic Tunisian patients. METHODS: Assay of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), and triglycerides (TG) has been done for 126 schizophrenic patients with and without suicide attempts and 131 healthy controls recruited in the University Hospital of Monastir...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956934/suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-asthma
#17
Jae Ho Chung, Sun-Hyun Kim, Yong Won Lee
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the mental health status in patients with asthma and assess the effects of asthma on suicidal ideation and attempts using a representative sample from Korea. METHODS: Individual-level data were obtained from 228,744 participants (6372 with asthma and 222,372 without asthma) of the 2013 Korean Community Health Survey. Demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, physical health status, and mental health status were compared between patients with asthma and population without asthma...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933094/the-newer-opioid-agonist-treatment-with-lower-substitutive-opiate-doses-is-associated-with-better-toxicology-outcome-than-the-older-harm-reduction-treatment
#18
Jacopo V Bizzarri, Valentina Casetti, Livia Sanna, Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Daria Piacentino, Andreas Conca, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: Charge-free heroin use disorder treatment in Italy follows two main approaches, i.e., harm reduction treatment (HRT) strategy in community low-threshold facilities for drug addiction and opioid agonist treatment (OAT) in high-threshold facilities for opioid addiction, focusing on pharmacological maintenance according to the Dole and Nyswander strategy. We aimed to compare the impact of HRT and OAT on patient outcome, as assessed through negativity for drugs on about 1-year urinalyses...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895699/resilience-and-burnout-status-among-nurses-working-in-oncology
#19
Sevinc Kutluturkan, Elif Sozeri, Nese Uysal, Figen Bay
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 140 oncology nurses. The data were collected using a socio-demographic attributes form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Percentage ratios, mean and median values, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the data...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857776/maternal-bonding-styles-in-smokers-and-non-smokers-a-comparative-study
#20
Iren Csala, Monika Elemery, Fruzsina Martinovszky, Peter Dome, Balazs Dome, Gabor Faludi, Imola Sandor, Zsuzsa Gyorffy, Emma Birkas, Judit Lazary
BACKGROUND: Parental bonding has been implicated in smoking behavior, and the quality of maternal bonding (MB) has been associated with poor mental health and substance use. However, little is known about the association of MB and the smoking of the offspring. METHODS: In our study, 129 smokers and 610 non-smoker medical students completed the parental bonding instrument, which measures MB along two dimensions: care and overprotection. Four categories can be created by high and low scores on care and overprotection: optimal parenting (OP; high care/low overprotection); affectionless control (ALC; low care/high overprotection); affectionate constraint (AC; high care/high overprotection), and neglectful parenting (NP; low care/low overprotection)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
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