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Annals of General Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895699/resilience-and-burnout-status-among-nurses-working-in-oncology
#1
Sevinc Kutluturkan, Elif Sozeri, Nese Uysal, Figen Bay
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 140 oncology nurses. The data were collected using a socio-demographic attributes form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Percentage ratios, mean and median values, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the data...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857776/maternal-bonding-styles-in-smokers-and-non-smokers-a-comparative-study
#2
Iren Csala, Monika Elemery, Fruzsina Martinovszky, Peter Dome, Balazs Dome, Gabor Faludi, Imola Sandor, Zsuzsa Gyorffy, Emma Birkas, Judit Lazary
BACKGROUND: Parental bonding has been implicated in smoking behavior, and the quality of maternal bonding (MB) has been associated with poor mental health and substance use. However, little is known about the association of MB and the smoking of the offspring. METHODS: In our study, 129 smokers and 610 non-smoker medical students completed the parental bonding instrument, which measures MB along two dimensions: care and overprotection. Four categories can be created by high and low scores on care and overprotection: optimal parenting (OP; high care/low overprotection); affectionless control (ALC; low care/high overprotection); affectionate constraint (AC; high care/high overprotection), and neglectful parenting (NP; low care/low overprotection)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843482/serum-fluoxetine-and-norfluoxetine-levels-support-the-safety-of-fluoxetine-in-overdose
#3
Stephanie Pope, Solomon G Zaraa
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has found fluoxetine to be relatively safe in overdose. This study hopes to examine this idea along with support from published pharmacokinetic information including serum fluoxetine and norfluoxetine levels based on information from a clinical case series. METHODS: Four cases are presented along with vital abnormalities, electrocardiogram abnormalities, and physical exam abnormalities along with amount of overdose and resulting serum fluoxetine and norfluoxetine levels...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833646/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-dissociative-experience-scale-for-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Concetta De Pasquale, Federica Sciacca, Zira Hichy
BACKGROUND: The Dissociative Experience Scale for adolescent (A-DES), a 30-item, multidimensional, self-administered questionnaire, was validated using a large sample of American young people sample. We reported the linguistic validation process and the metric validity of the Italian version of A-DES in the Italy. METHODS: A set of questionnaires was provided to a total of 633 participants from March 2015 to April 2016. The participants consisted of 282 boys and 351 girls, and their average age was between 18 and 24 years old...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833645/the-impact-of-psychopathological-subtypes-on-retention-rate-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-entering-residential-therapeutic-community-treatment
#5
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Emanuela Trogu, Federica Vigna-Taglianti, Federica Mathis, Roberto Diecidue, Ursula Kirchmayer, Laura Amato, Joli Ghibaudi, Antonella Camposeragna, Alessio Saponaro, Marina Davoli, Fabrizio Faggiano, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: A specific psychopathology of addiction has been proposed and described using the self-report symptom inventory (SCL-90), leading to a 5-factor aggregation of psychological/psychiatric symptoms: 'worthlessness and being trapped', 'somatic symptoms', 'sensitivity-psychoticism', 'panic-anxiety' and 'violence-suicide' in various populations of patients with heroin use disorder (HUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs). These clusters of symptoms, according to studies that have highlighted the role of possible confounding factors (such as demographic and clinical characteristics, active heroin use, lifetime psychiatric problems and kind of treatment received by the patients), seem to constitute a trait rather than a state of the psychological structure of addiction...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777608/personality-traits-gender-roles-and-sexual-behaviours-of-young-adult-males
#6
Jacek Kurpisz, Monika Mak, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Krzysztof Nowosielski, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Jerzy Samochowiec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that personality characteristics affect sexual functioning. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess and describe the relationship between global personality traits and the stereotypical femininity and masculinity levels with the broad aspects of sexual behaviours and attitudes in the group of 97 heterosexual young adult men aged 19-39 and living in Poland. METHODS: The 'Big Five' personality traits were measured with the NEO-FFI questionnaire; stereotypical femininity and masculinity with the Bem sex role inventory (BSRI); sexual disorders with the International index of erectile function (IIEF); socio-epidemiological data, sexual behaviours and attitudes towards sexuality with a self-constructed questionnaire...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777607/effect-of-mirtazapine-versus-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-benzodiazepine-use-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-pragmatic-multicenter-open-label-randomized-active-controlled-24-week-trial
#7
Tasuku Hashimoto, Akihiro Shiina, Tadashi Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kimura, Yasunori Oda, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masatomo Ishikawa, Masumi Tachibana, Katsumasa Muneoka, Satoshi Matsuki, Michiko Nakazato, Masaomi Iyo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate whether selecting mirtazapine as the first choice for current depressive episode instead of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) reduces benzodiazepine use in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We concurrently examined the relationship between clinical responses and serum mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its precursor, proBDNF. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized trial in routine psychiatric practice settings...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752275/regional-cortical-thinning-of-the-orbitofrontal-cortex-in-medication-na%C3%A3-ve-female-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-is-not-associated-with-maoa-uvntr-polymorphism
#8
Eunsoo Won, Sunyoung Choi, June Kang, Min-Soo Lee, Byung-Joo Ham
BACKGROUND: Orbitofrontal cortex alterations have been suggested to underlie the impaired mood regulation in depression. MAOA-uVNTR (monoamine oxidase A-upstream variable number of tandem repeats) polymorphism has been reported to be associated with major depressive disorder by various studies. The influence of MAOA-uVNTR genotype on function and structure of the orbitofrontal cortex has previously been reported. In this study, we investigated the difference in orbitofrontal cortex thickness between medication-naïve female patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls, and the influence of MAOA-uVNTR genotype on orbitofrontal cortex thickness in depression...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610188/analysis-of-personality-traits-and-their-influence-on-the-quality-of-life-of-postmenopausal-women-with-regard-to-genetic-factors
#9
Daria Schneider-Matyka, Anna Jurczak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Beata Karakiewicz, Małgorzata Szkup, Anna Grzywacz, Elżbieta Grochans
BACKGROUND: Quality of life can be perceived as a subjective assessment of different aspects of human functioning. Personality is a factor which determines actions taken by individuals and their tendency to perceive reality in a particular way. Therefore, the assumption that personality may influence the QoL assessment seems reasonable. Our purpose was to assess the relationships between personality traits and the presence of the 44-bp VNTR polymorphism in the 5-HTT (SLC 6A4) promoter region and the 30-bp VNTR polymorphism in the MAO-A promoter region...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594894/intact-social-cognitive-processes-in-outpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-pilot-study
#10
Katarzyna Kucharska, Julia Jeschke, Reza Mafi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess social cognition in community patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) compared to healthy controls. METHODS: 25 women diagnosed with AN and 25 women matched for education level and age were involved in the study. Both subject groups were assessed using a set of validated experimental tasks, such as the facial expression recognition test, short recognition memory test for faces, 'Reading the mind in the eyes' test...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588034/multi-regression-analysis-revealed-a-relationship-between-l-serine-and-methionine-a-component-of-one-carbon-metabolism-in-the-normal-control-but-not-in-the-schizophrenia
#11
Yumiko Takano, Yuji Ozeki, Masae Sekine, Kumiko Fujii, Takashi Watanabe, Hiroaki Okayasu, Takahiro Shinozaki, Akiko Aoki, Kazufumi Akiyama, Hiroshi Homma, Kazutaka Shimoda
BACKGROUND: Alterations in one-carbon metabolism (OCM) have been observed in patients with schizophrenia (SZ), but a comprehensive study of OCM has not yet been conducted. A carbon atom is transferred from l-serine to methionine during OCM, but the relationship between l-serine and methionine in SZ is not yet known. We investigated the relationship between l-serine and methionine to obtain a comprehensive understanding of OCM in SZ. METHODS: We recruited forty-five patients with SZ and thirty normal controls (NC)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582780/a-prospective-hospital-study-of-alcohol-use-disorders-comorbid-psychiatric-conditions-and-withdrawal-prognosis
#12
Philippe Nubukpo, Murielle Girard, Jean-Marie Sengelen, Sophie Bonnefond, Aurélien Varnoux, Benoît Marin, Dominique Malauzat
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe the profile and alcoholic status of a population with alcohol use disorders (AUD) requesting help from a psychiatric hospital to stop drinking, as well as their clinical outcome and care consumption over the 2 years following the request. METHODS: The visits were conducted at baseline (M0) and at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months (M6, M12, M18, M24). Demographic, clinical and psychometric data [Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), AUDIT questionnaire, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale], and information regarding the use of psychiatric care and therapeutics were collected...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579050/twice-weekly-aripiprazole-for-treating-children-and-adolescents-with-tic-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Ahmad Ghanizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Treating tic disorder is challenging. No trial has ever examined whether twice weekly aripiprazole is effective for treating tic disorders. METHODS: Participants of this 8-week randomized controlled parallel-group clinical trial were a clinical sample of 36 children and adolescents with tic disorder. Yale global tic severity scale was used to assess the outcome. Both groups received daily dosage of aripiprazole for the first 14 days. Then, one group received daily dose of aripiprazole while the other group received twice weekly dosage of aripiprazole for the next 46 days...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525032/pharmacotherapy-and-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-enhance-follow-up-treatment-duration-in-gambling-disorder-patients
#14
Sam-Wook Choi, Young-Chul Shin, HyunChul Youn, Se-Won Lim, Juwon Ha
BACKGROUND: Longer treatment duration is important for the successful treatment of gambling disorder (GD). This retrospective study investigated the factors and interventions that might enhance treatment duration in GD patients in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 758 outpatients with a primary diagnosis of GD, who were treated in a clinical practice from 2002 to 2011, were assessed by retrospective chart review. We compared the treatment duration according to pharmacotherapy and group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508001/relationship-of-suicide-rates-with-climate-and-economic-variables-in-europe-during-2000-2012
#15
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Isaia Chatzikosta, Konstantinos Pastiadis, Prodromos Zanis, Wolfram Kawohl, Ad J F M Kerkhof, Alvydas Navickas, Cyril Höschl, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Eliot Sorel, Elmars Rancans, Eva Palova, Georg Juckel, Goran Isacsson, Helena Korosec Jagodic, Ileana Botezat-Antonescu, Janusz Rybakowski, Jean Michel Azorin, John Cookson, John Waddington, Peter Pregelj, Koen Demyttenaere, Luchezar G Hranov, Lidija Injac Stevovic, Lucas Pezawas, Marc Adida, Maria Luisa Figuera, Miro Jakovljević, Monica Vichi, Giulio Perugi, Ole A Andreassen, Olivera Vukovic, Paraskevi Mavrogiorgou, Peeter Varnik, Peter Dome, Petr Winkler, Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Vita Danileviciute, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Jonas Forsman, Anne Grady, Thomas Hyphantis, Ingrid Dieset, Susan Soendergaard, Maurizio Pompili, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: It is well known that suicidal rates vary considerably among European countries and the reasons for this are unknown, although several theories have been proposed. The effect of economic variables has been extensively studied but not that of climate. METHODS: Data from 29 European countries covering the years 2000-2012 and concerning male and female standardized suicidal rates (according to WHO), economic variables (according World Bank) and climate variables were gathered...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478487/ct-genotype-of-5-10-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-is-protector-factor-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-tunisian-population-a-case-control-study
#16
Mohamed Amine Sayadi, Ons Achour, Asma Ezzaher, Ilham Hellara, Asma Omezzine, Wahiba Douki, Ali Bousslama, Lotfi Gaha, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common psychiatric disorder with considerable mortality. Death from unnatural causes, largely suicidal or quasi-suicidal, has a particularly high risk for the functional disorders, especially depression and schizophrenia. One of the prospective risk factors for this disease is hyperhomocysteinemia and folate deficiency. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene encodes for a 5-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase involved in folate metabolism and neurotransmitter synthesis...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478486/hyperthymic-affective-temperament-and-hypertension-are-independent-determinants-of-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level
#17
János Nemcsik, Andrea László, Lilla Lénárt, Dániel Eörsi, Péter Torzsa, Beáta Kőrösi, Orsolya Cseprekál, András Tislér, Ádám Tabák, Xenia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, Judit Hodrea, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Andrea Fekete
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has neuroprotective, proangiogenic and myogenic effects and, therefore, possibly acts as a psychosomatic mediator. Here, we measured serum BDNF (seBDNF) level in hypertensive patients (HT) and healthy controls (CONT) and its relation to affective temperaments, depression and anxiety scales, and arterial stiffness parameters. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, affective temperaments, anxiety, and depression were studied with questionnaires (TEMPS-A, HAM-A, and BDI, respectively)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471543/development-and-validation-of-a-stock-addiction-inventory-sai
#18
HyunChul Youn, Jung-Seok Choi, Dai-Jin Kim, Sam-Wook Choi
BACKGROUND: Investing in financial markets is promoted and protected by the government as an essential economic activity, but can turn into a gambling addiction problem. Until now, few scales have widely been used to identify gambling addicts in financial markets. This study aimed to develop a self-rating scale to distinguish them. In addition, the reliability and validity of the stock addiction inventory (SAI) were demonstrated. METHODS: A set of questionnaires, including the SAI, south oaks gambling screen (SOGS), and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, for gambling disorder was completed by 1005 participants...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330540/psychotic-spectrum-symptoms-across-the-lifespan-are-related-to-lifetime-suicidality-among-147-patients-with-bipolar-i-or-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Miniati, Antonella Benvenuti, Gabriele Massimetti, Liliana Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists about the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidality in mood disorders. We aimed to investigate the lifetime suicidality and its relationship with dimensions of the psychotic spectrum over the lifespan among subjects with bipolar I (BD I) or major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: 147 Consecutive out- and inpatients with BD I or MDD presenting for treatment at 11 Italian Departments of Psychiatry were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, the Structured Clinical Interview for the Psychotic Spectrum (SCI-PSY, lifetime version) and the Mood Spectrum Self-Report (MOODS-SR, lifetime version)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279893/increased-arterial-stiffness-parameters-in-panic-disorder-patients-in-long-term-treatment-period
#20
Omer Yanartas, Murat Sunbul, Zeynep Senkal, Erdal Durmus, Tarik Kivrak, Nilufer Subasi, Gulhan Karaer, Serhat Ergun, Ibrahim Sari, Kemal Sayar
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mental stress and cardiovascular disease has been shown in several studies. Panic disorder (PD) is also associated with cardiovascular disease due to increased risk of myocardial infarction. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between arterial stiffness parameters and depression/anxiety scores in patients with PD. METHODS: The study population consisted of 25 patients with PD and 25 age-sex-matched healthy controls...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
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