journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083782/current-issues-in-postmortem-imaging-of-perinatal-and-forensic-childhood-deaths
#1
REVIEW
Owen J Arthurs, John C Hutchinson, Neil J Sebire
Perinatal autopsy practice is undergoing a state of change with the introduction of evidence-based cross-sectional imaging, driven primarily by parental choice. In particular, the introduction of post mortem magnetic resonance imaging (PMMR) has helped to advance less-invasive perinatal autopsy in the United Kingdom (UK) and Europe. However, there are limitations to PMMR and other imaging techniques which need to be overcome, particularly with regard to imaging very small fetuses. Imaging is also now increasingly used to investigate particular deaths in childhood, such as suspected non-accidental injury (NAI) and sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI)...
January 12, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063032/erratum-to-evaluation-of-two-methods-for-the-use-of-diatoms-in-drowning-cases
#2
Nadia Fucci, Vincenzo L Pascali, Camilla Puccinelli, Stefania Marcheggiani, Laura Mancini, Daniela Marchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032211/estimation-of-the-human-postmortem-interval-using-an-established-rat-mathematical-model-and-multi-rna-markers
#3
Ye-Hui Lv, Jian-Long Ma, Hui Pan, Yan Zeng, Li Tao, Heng Zhang, Wen-Can Li, Kai-Jun Ma, Long Chen
In our previous study, a R code-based mathematical model using RNA degradation patterns was developed for PMI determination in rat brain specimens. However, the postmortem changes of RNA are much more complicated in real cases, and there is still a huge challenge in efficiently applying information in animal data to real cases. In the present study, different RNA markers in both rat and human tissues were collected to screen valid biomarkers and the corresponding mathematical models were established and validated...
December 28, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032210/female-autoerotic-asphyxial-death-features-and-issues
#4
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025792/two-extraordinary-autoerotic-fatalities
#5
Lucia Tattoli, Biagio Solarino, Michael Tsokos, Claas Buschmann, Lars Oesterhelweg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025791/high-resolution-melt-curve-analysis-based-on-methylation-status-for-human-semen-identification
#6
Caitlyn Fachet, Lawrence Quarino, K Joy Karnas
A high resolution melt curve assay to differentiate semen from blood, saliva, urine, and vaginal fluid based on methylation status at the Dapper Isoform 1 (DACT1) gene was developed. Stains made from blood, saliva, urine, semen, and vaginal fluid were obtained from volunteers and DNA was isolated using either organic extraction (saliva, urine, and vaginal fluid) or Chelex(®) 100 extraction (blood and semen). Extracts were then subjected to bisulfite modification in order to convert unmethylated cytosines to uracil, consequently creating sequences whose amplicons have melt curves that vary depending on their initial methylation status...
December 27, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019003/validation-of-alternate-light-sources-for-detection-of-bruises-in-non-embalmed-and-embalmed-cadavers
#7
Kelly Olds, Roger W Byard, Calle Winskog, Neil E I Langlois
Bruising is frequently documented in cases of violence for use as forensic evidence. However, bruises can be overlooked if they are not visible to the naked eye. Alternate light sources such as ultraviolet, narrow band, and infrared have been used in an attempt to reveal the presence of bruising that is not otherwise apparent. However, there is a significant gap in knowledge surrounding this technique as it has not been validated against histology to confirm that bruising is genuinely being enhanced. A recent study evaluated the ability of alternate light sources to enhance visibility of bruises using a pigskin model...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019002/characterization-of-yersinia-species-by-protein-profiling-using-automated-microfluidic-capillary-electrophoresis
#8
Victoria M Bennett, Dennis McNevin, Paul Roffey, Michelle E Gahan
Yersinia pestis is a biological agent of high risk to national security due to its ability to be easily disseminated and transmitted among humans. If Y. pestis was to be utilized in a deliberate disease outbreak it would be essential to rapidly and accurately identify the agent. Current identification methods for Yersinia species are limited by their reliance on cultivation, the time taken to achieve results and/or the use of protocols that are not amenable for field use. Faster identification methods are urgently required...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019001/characteristics-of-road-traffic-accident-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#9
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000077/purulent-pericarditis
#10
Brogan Hayden, Joseph A Prahlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896540/variations-in-the-anatomy-of-the-vertebral-artery-cervical-loop-segment-a-potential-predisposing-factor-for-traumatic-basal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#11
Jonathan E Medcalf, C Paul Johnson, Azzam Taktak, Silke Grabherr
Fatal traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage (TBSAH) is a characteristic forensic pathological entity, the investigation of which requires special techniques. In Liverpool, post-mortem room angiography is undertaken, followed by complete removal of the vertebral arteries and histological examination. It has been observed that the arterial anatomy can be highly variable, particularly the length and course of the loop segments located between the C2 vertebra and the dura. In a number of cases of TBSAH the loop segments of torn vessels have appeared relatively short...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891566/sudden-death-associated-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#12
Alžbeta Ginelliová, Daniel Farkaš, Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Vlasta Vyhnálková, Peter Vasovčák
In this paper we report the autopsy findings of a 7 year old girl who presented with headache, nausea and repeated vomiting and died unexpectedly at home. She had no previous history of major illnesses and no history of epileptic seizures. External examination revealed ocular abnormalities. Internal examination demonstrated severe cerebral edema with tonsillar herniation, premature fusion of the cranial bone sutures, and prominent convolutional markings of the inner table of the skull. Death was due to severe cerebral edema complicating syndromic craniosynostosis...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796649/response-to-demirjian-s-method-is-unsuitable-for-dental-age-estimation
#13
LETTER
Inês Morais Caldas, Hugo F V Cardoso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785715/unusual-appearance-of-facial-petechiae-and-conjunctival-hemorrhages-the-trout-phenomenon-in-a-case-of-fatal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-due-to-ruptured-berry-aneurysm
#14
Danica Cvetković, Vladimir Živković, Slobodan Nikolić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778146/fluid-content-in-the-pleural-cavity-protects-internal-structures-against-heat
#15
Petr Handlos, Marek Dokoupil, Marie Staňková, Marek Joukal, Igor Dvořáček, Matěj Uvíra, Margita Smatanová
PURPOSE: In this paper we present a case report of two people who were found dead in a holiday cottage after a fire. The cause of death in these cases was clarified by the presence of blood in the left pleural cavity in both bodies. METHODS: An inspection of the bodies at the scene of the fire and subsequent examination by a medical examiner suggested the deaths were accidental. RESULTS: An autopsy showed that the bodies were those of a man and a woman with severe carbonization of the skin, soft tissues, brain, and some organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavities...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778145/splenic-rupture-and-mediastinal-mass-associated-with-rare-tdt-negative-t-lbl-t-all-lead-to-sudden-death-of-a-juvenile
#16
Dominic Gascho, Bettina Huber, Stephan A Bolliger, Michael J Thali, Sarah Schaerli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677633/forensic-postmortem-computed-tomography-volumetric-measurement-of-the-heart-and-liver
#17
Lykke Schrøder Jakobsen, Sissel Lundemose, Jytte Banner, Niels Lynnerup, Christina Jacobsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) images in estimating organ sizes and to examine the use of the cardiothoracic ratio (CTR). METHODS: We included 45 individuals (19 females), who underwent a medico-legal autopsy. Using the computer software program Mimics(®), we determined in situ heart and liver volumes derived from linear measurements (width, height and depth) on a whole body PMCT-scan, and compared the volumes with ex vivo volumes derived by CT-scan of the eviscerated heart and liver...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677632/sudden-infant-death-syndrome-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-leads-to-hypomethylation-upstream-of-the-growth-factor-independent-1-gfi1-gene-promoter
#18
Kristina Schwender, Hannah Holtkötter, Kristina Schulze Johann, Alina Glaub, Marianne Schürenkamp, Ulla Sibbing, Sabrina Banken, Mechtild Vennemann, Heidi Pfeiffer, Marielle Vennemann
PURPOSE: Smoking during pregnancy has long been known as an important risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, the precise relationship between the smoking behavior of the mother and SIDS still remains unclear. In this study, the influence of prenatal smoking exposure on the childrens' DNA methylation state of a CpG island located upstream of the promoter of the growth factor independent 1 (GFI1) gene was analyzed. METHODS: Blood samples of well-defined SIDS cases with non-smoking mothers (n = 11), SIDS cases with smoking mothers during pregnancy (n = 11), and non-SIDS cases (n = 6) were obtained from a previous study and methylation states were determined by bisulfite sequencing...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669715/validation-of-ultraviolet-infrared-and-narrow-band-light-alternate-light-sources-for-detection-of-bruises-in-a-pigskin-model
#19
Kelly Olds, Roger W Byard, Calle Winskog, Neil E I Langlois
Alternate light sources such as ultraviolet, narrow band, and infrared have been used in an attempt to reveal the presence of bruising that is not otherwise apparent (inapparent). The following study evaluates the ability of alternate light sources to enhance visibility of bruises by employing an objective assessment of digital photography images in conjunction with histology. A pigskin model was employed with bruises created by injection of blood to be not visible or barely visible (inapparent) under white light...
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669714/demirjian-s-method-is-unsuitable-for-dental-age-estimation
#20
LETTER
Jayakumar Jayaraman, Graham Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
journal
journal
40924
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"