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Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439786/a-panel-of-130-autosomal-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-for-ancestry-assignment-in-five-asian-populations-and-in-caucasians
#1
Hsiao-Lin Hwa, Chih-Peng Lin, Tsun-Ying Huang, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Wei-Hsin Hsieh, Chun-Yen Lin, Hsiang-I Yin, Li-Hui Tseng, James Chun-I Lee
Ancestry informative single-nucleotide polymorphism (AISNP) panels for differentiating between East and Southeast Asian populations are scarce. This study aimed to identify AISNPs for ancestry assignment of five East and Southeast Asian populations, and Caucasians. We analyzed 145 autosomal SNPs of the 627 DNA samples from individuals of six populations (234 Taiwanese Han, 91 Filipinos, 79 Indonesians, 60 Thais, 71 Vietnamese, and 92 Caucasians) using arrays. The multiple logistic regression model and a multi-tier approach were used for ancestry classification...
April 24, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409387/fatal-abdominal-injuries-in-a-bicycle-pedestrian-collision-reconstruction-using-multibody-simulation
#2
Holger Muggenthaler, Stefanie Drobnik, Michael Hubig, Wolfgang Fiebig, Gita Mall
Fatal bicycle-pedestrian collisions do not occur frequently and thus are rarely reported in literature. Pedestrians in bicycle-pedestrian accidents often sustain severe craniocerebral injuries caused by a collision induced fall with head impact on the road surface. We describe a case where a pedestrian crossing a road was hit by a bicycle. Hematomas of the left lower leg and of the left flank/abdomen were found to be caused by the primary impact. However, the fatal injuries were found to be contralateral with a rupture of the right renal pedicle, a rupture of the right lobe of the liver and a tear of the vena cava...
April 13, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409386/nocturnal-oviposition-behavior-of-blowflies-diptera-calliphoridae-in-the-southern-hemisphere-south-africa-and-australia-and-its-forensic-implications
#3
Kirstin A Williams, James F Wallman, Bryan D Lessard, Christopher R J Kavazos, D Nkosinathi Mazungula, Martin H Villet
Published research has offered contradictory evidence of the occurrence of nocturnal oviposition by carrion-breeding blowflies, a behavior that can affect the interpretation of forensic estimates of a minimum post mortem interval (minPMI) by up to 12 hours, depending on latitude and season. The majority of published studies are from the northern hemisphere. Field experiments were conducted in South Africa and Australia that extend observations to species of the southern hemisphere. Various vertebrate carrion was exposed at night in summer under different lunar phases and/or artificial lighting, and in woodland and pasture areas...
April 13, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405885/sudden-death-due-to-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-following-negative-stress-test-outcome-genetics-and-clinical-implications
#4
Cristian D'Ovidio, Aldo Carnevale, Vincenzo M Grassi, Enrica Rosato, Bernat Del Olmo, Monica Coll, Oscar Campuzano, Anna Iglesias, Ramon Brugada, Antonio Oliva
This paper discusses the case of a young boy who died suddenly during a football match. The victim's personal and family medical histories were negative for cardiac events. He had undergone a cardiological investigation some months before his death, enabling him to participate in competitive sports. Only post-mortem molecular analysis allowed for a clearer determination of the most plausible cause of death, which was identified as inherited arrhythmogenic heart disease, known as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia...
April 13, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405884/response-to-regarding-the-sudden-death-of-a-juvenile-with-rare-tdt-negative-t-lbl-t-all-splenic-rupture-and-mediastinal-mass
#5
LETTER
Dominic Gascho, Sarah Schaerli, Michael J Thali, Stephan A Bolliger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401335/fatal-bronchovascular-fistula-after-lobectomy-visualized-through-postmortem-computed-tomography-angiography-a-case-report
#6
Philipp Hinderberger, Barbara Fliss, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
False aneurysm of the pulmonary artery complicated by bronchovascular fistula formation represents a rare life threating condition. We report a case of fatal hemoptysis after formation of a bronchial fistula in the late postoperative period after sleeve lobectomy. Cause of death was determined by external postmortem examination, post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and angiography (PMCTA) without conventional autopsy.
April 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352989/electric-fences-and-accidental-death
#7
Michael Burke, Morris Odell, Heinrich Bouwer, Adam Murdoch
Deaths which occur in association with agricultural electric fences are very rare. In fact, electric fences have undoubtedly saved numerous human and animal lives by safely and reliably keeping livestock confined to their fields and enclosures and thus preventing motor vehicle incidents when livestock get onto roads and highways. Accidental and intentional human contact with electric fences occurs regularly and causes little more than transient discomfort, however, on exceptional occasions, contact with electric fences appears to be directly related to the death of the individual...
March 28, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352988/differentiation-of-hemopericardium-due-to-ruptured-myocardial-infarction-or-aortic-dissection-on-unenhanced-postmortem-computed-tomography
#8
Garyfalia Ampanozi, Patricia M Flach, Thomas D Ruder, Laura Filograna, Wolf Schweitzer, Michael J Thali, Lars C Ebert
The aim of the study was to evaluate unenhanced postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) in cases of non-traumatic hemopericardium by establishing the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of diagnostic criteria for the differentiation between aortic dissection and myocardial wall rupture due to infarction. Twenty six cases were identified as suitable for evaluation, of which ruptured aortic dissection could be identified as the underlying cause of hemopericardium in 50% of the cases, and myocardial wall rupture also in 50% of the cases...
March 28, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352987/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-caused-by-e-coli-o157-infection
#9
Philip V Bystrom, Robert J Beck, Joseph A Prahlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349246/suicide-patterns-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-from-a-pediatric-institution-in-england
#10
Khairul Zainum, Marta C Cohen
Suicide is a catastrophic event to both families and communities yet it is potentially preventable. This study aims to determine incidence and patterns of suicide in children and young adolescents in our region, raise awareness of this entity as a potentially preventable cause of death in this age group, and identify its possible associated risk factors. We retrospectively reviewed suicide cases presenting as sudden unexpected death in children and adolescents that underwent coronial post-mortems at our institution...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343286/a-mimic-of-sexually-motivated-homicide-insect-stings-and-heat-exhaustion-in-a-forest
#11
Nancy X Liu, Michael S Pollanen
We report the case a woman who was found dead in a forest. The body was nude and the position of the body suggested a sexually motivated homicide. We concluded that death was not related to homicide, but was related to the conjunction of environmental factors, including insect stings, and acute psychosis. A medicolegal death investigation with postmortem examination was undertaken to determine cause of death. At the scene, the body was supine with legs spread apart and the knees flexed, exposing the external genitalia...
March 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315148/a-case-of-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-an-isolated-abscess-in-the-ascending-aorta-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-a-history-of-intravenous-substance-abuse
#12
Brandy Shattuck, John Livingstone
We describe the case of a 23-year-old white female, 10-12 weeks pregnant, with a history of intravenous drug use and a recently diagnosed pneumonia, who was found deceased in her bed after a night of sleep. Although postmortem serum toxicology tested positive for alprazolam, tetrahydrocannabinol, and morphine, the ultimate cause of death was determined to be cardiac tamponade secondary to an isolated abscess in the ascending aorta. The patient had several risk factors for aortic rupture and cardiac tamponade including intravenous drug use, pneumonia, and pregnancy...
March 17, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299558/body-pushing-prescription-drugs-and-hospital-admission
#13
Roger W Byard, Michaela Kenneally
A 39-year-old man died of multi-organ failure complicating mixed drug toxicity that included methadone, oxazepam, oxycodone and nitrazepam. His past medical history involved alcohol and poly-substance abuse with chronic self-harm and suicidal ideation. There had been multiple hospital admissions for drug overdoses. At autopsy the most unusual finding was of two packages of 10 tablets each, wrapped in thin plastic film within the rectum. The insertion of drugs into body orifices and cavities has been termed body pushing to distinguish it from body packing where illicit drugs are wrapped and swallowed for transport and smuggling, and body stuffing where small amounts of loosely wrapped or unwrapped drugs are swallowed to conceal evidence from police...
March 15, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283878/drowning-deaths-in-rivers
#14
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283877/differences-in-local-and-national-database-recordings-of-deaths-from-suicide
#15
Amy E Austin, Corinna van den Heuvel, Roger W Byard
A search was undertaken at Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA) for all cases of suicide registered in South Australia, Australia, over a 10-year period from January 2003 to December 2012. More recent data was not accessioned as not all contemporary cases may have been completed or formally registered. The data were compared to corresponding numbers on two national registers: the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). A total of 2105 cases of suicide were registered at FSSA, with a death rate of 13...
March 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276000/issues-with-suicide-databases-in-forensic-research
#16
EDITORIAL
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275999/drowning-and-near-drowning-in-rivers
#17
LETTER
Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265800/necrotizing-eosinophilic-myocarditis
#18
Martin Janík, Petr Hejna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265799/optimizing-radiation-exposure-in-screening-of-body-packing-image-quality-and-diagnostic-acceptability-of-an-80-kvp-protocol-with-automated-tube-current-modulation
#19
Joel Aissa, Johannes Boos, Christian Rubbert, Julian Caspers, Christoph Schleich, Christoph Thomas, Patric Kröpil, Gerald Antoch, Falk Miese
The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective and subjective image quality of a novel computed tomography (CT) protocol with reduced radiation dose for body packing with 80 kVp and automated tube current modulation (ATCM) compared to a standard body packing CT protocol. 80 individuals who were examined between March 2012 and July 2015 in suspicion of ingested drug packets were retrospectively included in this study. Thirty-one CT examinations were performed using ATCM and a fixed tube voltage of 80 kVp (group A)...
March 7, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261753/incidental-necrotizing-aortitis-in-a-child
#20
Stephen Wills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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