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Current HIV/AIDS Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968173/federal-response-to-the-opioid-crisis
#1
REVIEW
Kimberly Johnson, Chris Jones, Wilson Compton, Grant Baldwin, Jennifer Fan, Jonathan Mermin, Jean Bennett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In light of the current crisis in opioid involved overdose deaths, the federal Department of Health and Human Services operating divisions are working together to implement a data-driven, research-based strategy to reduce opioid misuse and its consequences. RECENT FINDINGS: The strategy has five elements: (1) strengthening public health data collection and reporting; (2) advancing the practice of pain management; (3) improving access to addiction prevention, treatment, and recovery support services; (4) increasing availability of overdose-reversing drugs; and (5) supporting cutting-edge research in treatment of pain, opioid use disorder, and associated conditions...
July 3, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959649/ehealth-to-enhance-treatment-adherence-among-youth-living-with-hiv
#2
REVIEW
Marta I Mulawa, Sara LeGrand, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multiple reviews have examined eHealth/mHealth interventions to address treatment adherence, including those focusing on youth living with HIV (YLWH). This review synthesizes results of prior reviews and recent studies (last 5 years) to provide a path forward for future research, acknowledging both lessons learned and gaps to be addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies provide further evidence for the feasibility and acceptability of technology-based HIV interventions...
June 29, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931468/young-drug-users-a-vulnerable-population-and-an-underutilized-resource-in-hiv-hcv-prevention
#3
REVIEW
Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, H Guarino, K Quinn, P Meylakhs, S Campos, A Meylakhs, D Berbesi, D Toro-Tobón, E Goodbody, D C Ompad, S R Friedman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The social networks of people who inject drugs (PWID) have long been studied to understand disease transmission dynamics and social influences on risky practices. We illustrate how PWID can be active agents promoting HIV, HCV, and overdose prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: We assessed drug users' connections and interactions with others at risk for HIV/HCV in three cities: New York City (NYC), USA (n = 539); Pereira, Colombia (n = 50); and St...
June 22, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931467/ehealth-and-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#4
REVIEW
Grace John-Stewart
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to describe areas in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs that could benefit from ehealth and to summarize current evidence of ehealth effectiveness in PMTCT. RECENT FINDINGS: PMTCT programs require maternal retention, adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART), and return for infant diagnosis of HIV. eHealth systems for PMTCT could either be integrated within MCH ehealth systems or within HIV adherence ehealth systems...
June 22, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931466/hiv-hcv-co-infection-burden-of-disease-and-care-strategies-in-appalachia
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan P Moorman, Matthew R Krolikowski, Stephanie M Mathis, Robert P Pack
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to address infection with HIV and hepatitis C in the Appalachian region of the USA and the driving forces underlying this epidemic. We seek to discuss epidemiology of disease and the possible interventions to reduce incidence and burden of disease in this resource-limited area. RECENT FINDINGS: The rise of the opioid crisis has fueled a rise in new hepatitis C infection, and a rise in new HIV infection is expected to follow...
June 21, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948610/working-with-persons-who-inject-drugs-and-live-in-rural-areas-implications-from-china-vietnam-for-the-usa
#6
REVIEW
Don C Des Jarlais, Theodore M Hammett, Binh Kieu, Yi Chen, Jonathan Feelemyer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe a small city/rural area HIV prevention project (the Cross Border Project) implemented in Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China, and Lang Son province, Vietnam, and consider its implications for addressing the opioid/heroin epidemic in small cities/rural areas in the USA. The description and the outcomes of the Cross Border project were taken from published reports, project records, and recent data provided by local public health authorities. Evaluation included serial cross-sectional surveys of people who inject drugs to assess trends in risk behaviors and HIV prevalence...
June 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948609/implementing-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-in-rural-settings-a-focus-on-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-prevention-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer R Havens, Sharon L Walsh, P Todd Korthuis, David A Fiellin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the epidemiology of opioid-use disorder in the rural United States (U.S.) as it pertains to HIV and hepatitis C transmission and treatment resources. RECENT FINDINGS: Heroin and fentanyl analogs have surpassed prescription opioids in their availability in rural opioid markets adding to HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) and overdose risks. Only 18% of rural individuals live in towns with inpatient services which are of limited quality and utility...
June 9, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752699/hiv-and-cardiovascular-disease-update-on-clinical-events-special-populations-and-novel-biomarkers
#8
REVIEW
Kaku So-Armah, Matthew S Freiberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on the link between HIV infection and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We will focus our review mainly on literature describing clinical CVD events and understudied topics of importance. RECENT FINDINGS: Heart failure, peripheral artery disease, and stroke are CVD modalities deserving more attention in the context of HIV infection in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Incidence data on clinical CVD from HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries are limited...
May 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752698/opioid-use-among-those-who-have-criminal-justice-experience-harm-reduction-strategies-to-lessen-hiv-risk
#9
REVIEW
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David Cloud, Ernest Drucker, Nickolas Zaller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the HIV and opioid literature relevant to harm reduction strategies for those with criminal justice experience. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid use in the United States has risen at an alarming rate recently. This has led to increased numbers of people who inject drugs, placing new populations at risk for HIV, including those who have criminal justice experience. In recent years, there has been a gradual decrease in the number of individuals under the supervision of the criminal justice system...
May 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740734/syringe-decriminalization-advocacy-in-red-states-lessons-from-the-north-carolina-harm-reduction-coalition
#10
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Tessie Castillo, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Manisha Dubey, Robert Childs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Syringe access programs (SAPs) are cornerstone harm reduction interventions for combatting the national opioid epidemic. The goal of this paper is to describe effective advocacy strategies for enacting syringe decriminalization legislation to foster the expansion of SAPs in high-need areas amidst political opposition. RECENT FINDINGS: Decades or research shows that SAPs prevent the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and are a cost-effective tool for linking PWID to medical care, health education, and social services...
May 8, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905915/network-research-experiences-in-new-york-and-eastern-europe-lessons-for-the-southern-us-in-understanding-hiv-transmission-dynamics
#11
REVIEW
Samuel R Friedman, Leslie Williams, April M Young, Jennifer Teubl, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Evangelia Kostaki, Carl Latkin, Danielle German, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Honoria Guarino, Tetyana I Vasylyeva, Britt Skaathun, John Schneider, Ania Korobchuk, Pavlo Smyrnov, Georgios Nikolopoulos
PURPOSE: This paper presents an overview of different kinds of risk and social network methods and the kinds of research questions each can address. RECENT FINDINGS: It also reviews what network research has discovered about how network characteristics are associated with HIV and other infections, risk behaviors, preventive behaviors, and care, and discusses some ways in which network-based public health interventions have been conducted. Based on this, risk and social network research and interventions seem both feasible and valuable for addressing the many public health and social problems raised by the widespread use of opioids in the US South...
June 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796965/challenges-facing-a-rural-opioid-epidemic-treatment-and-prevention-of-hiv-and-hepatitis-c
#12
REVIEW
Asher J Schranz, Jessica Barrett, Christopher B Hurt, Carlos Malvestutto, William C Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent epidemiologic trends in HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and strategies for treatment and prevention of these infections as they relate to the opioid epidemic. RECENT FINDINGS: Among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States (US), HIV diagnoses are decreasing, while HCV is increasing. Care for HIV and HCV relies heavily on specialist infrastructure, which is lacking in rural areas. Antiretrovirals for HIV and direct-acting antivirals for HCV are effective among PWID, yet multiple barriers make it difficult for rural injectors to access these treatments...
June 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774442/integrated-models-of-care-for-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-how-do-we-prevent-hiv-and-hcv
#13
REVIEW
Katherine M Rich, Joshua Bia, Frederick L Altice, Judith Feinberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe models of integrated and co-located care for opioid use disorder (OUD), hepatitis C (HCV), and HIV. RECENT FINDINGS: The design and scale-up of multidisciplinary care models that engage, retain, and treat individuals with HIV, HCV, and OUD are critical to preventing continued spread of HIV and HCV. We identified 17 models within primary care (N = 3), HIV specialty care (N = 5), opioid treatment programs (N = 6), transitional clinics (N = 2), and community-based harm reduction programs (N = 1), as well as two emerging models...
June 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713871/continued-interest-and-controversy-vitamin-d-in-hiv
#14
REVIEW
Evelyn Hsieh, Michael T Yin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is highly prevalent among HIV-infected individuals. Given the overlapping risk for several chronic disease and immunomodulatory outcomes from both long-standing HIV and VitD deficiency, there is great interest in clarifying the clinical role of VitD for this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have expanded our knowledge regarding the epidemiology and mechanisms of VitD deficiency-associated outcomes in the setting of HIV...
June 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700760/factors-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-adults-with-hiv-receiving-contemporary-antiretroviral-therapy-a-brief-update
#15
REVIEW
Todd Hulgan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This narrative review summarizes recent data on factors associated with insulin resistance (IR) in adults with HIV, including contemporary antiretroviral therapy (ART). RECENT FINDINGS: IR remains common in persons with HIV, even those receiving contemporary ART. Generalized and abdominal obesity and ectopic fat are correlates of IR, and emerging data have identified associations with biomarkers of inflammation and immune activation. Small studies suggest associations between mitochondria and IR...
June 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671204/nafld-and-hiv-do-sex-race-and-ethnicity-explain-hiv-related-risk
#16
REVIEW
Subada Soti, Kathleen E Corey, Jordan E Lake, Kristine M Erlandson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Here, we review the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the general population, discuss HIV-specific differences in NAFLD pathogenesis, and summarize what is known regarding differences in NAFLD by race/ethnicity and sex. RECENT FINDINGS: The reported prevalence of NAFLD among people living with HIV varies by age, body mass index, comorbidity, and method of NAFLD diagnosis, but is generally thought to be greater among HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected populations...
April 18, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671203/the-policy-driven-hiv-epidemic-among-opioid-users-in-the-russian-federation
#17
REVIEW
Robert Heimer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the consequences of policies implemented in the Russian Federation in response to syndemic of HIV-1 and opioid use disorder and compare the responses to the concomitant syndemic in rural America. RECENT FINDINGS: The syndemic spread has not been reduced by policies implemented by the Russian government, which continues to underfund harm reduction efforts to reduce HIV transmission, refuses to approve evidence-based opioid agonist treatments for opioid use disorder, and relies on criminal justice and abstinence approaches to control illicit opioids...
April 18, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572624/significance-and-management-of-isolated-hepatitis-b-core-antibody-anti-hbc-in-hiv-and-hcv-strategies-in-the-daa-era
#18
REVIEW
Jennifer J Chang, Neaka Mohtashemi, Debika Bhattacharya
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the prevalence and clinical implications of the isolated anti-HBc serologic profile in HIV-infected individuals. We highlight the rare but important issue of HBV reactivation in the setting of HCV therapy and describe an approach to management. RECENT FINDINGS: The isolated anti-HBc pattern, a profile that most often indicates past exposure to HBV with waning anti-HBs immunity, is found commonly in HIV-infected individuals, particularly those with HCV...
April 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516265/the-path-to-implementation-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-people-involved-in-criminal-justice-systems
#19
REVIEW
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Emily Dauria, Marina Tolou-Shams, Katerina Christopoulos, Philip A Chan, Curt G Beckwith, Sharon Parker, Jaimie Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504063/serious-non-aids-conditions-in-hiv-benefit-of-early-art
#20
REVIEW
Jens D Lundgren, Alvaro H Borges, James D Neaton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optimal control of HIV can be achieved by early diagnosis followed by the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Two large randomised trials (TEMPRANO and START) have recently been published documenting the clinical benefits to HIV-positive adults of early ART initiation. Main findings are reviewed with a focus on serious non-AIDS (SNA) conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Data from the two trials demonstrated that initiating ART early in the course of HIV infection resulted in marked reductions in the risk of opportunistic diseases and invasive bacterial infections...
April 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
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