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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413425/association-of-retinol-binding-protein-4-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-first-degree-relatives-of-type-2-diabetic-patients
#1
Marjan Tabesh, Atsa Noroozi, Masood Amini, Awat Feizi, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Maryam Zare
BACKGROUND: Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is known to regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The influences of RBP4 on metabolic syndrome (MS) are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between serum levels of RBP4 and MS components in first-degree relations of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed within the framework of the diabetes prevention project in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413424/environmental-factors-influencing-the-risk-of-autism
#2
REVIEW
Padideh Karimi, Elahe Kamali, Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi, Mojgan Karahmadi
Autism is a developmental disability with age of onset in childhood (under 3 years old), which is characterized by definite impairments in social interactions, abnormalities in speech, and stereotyped pattern of behaviors. Due to the progress of autism in recent decades, a wide range of studies have been done to identify the etiological factors of autism. It has been found that genetic and environmental factors are both involved in autism pathogenesis. Hence, in this review article, a set of environmental factors involved in the occurrence of autism has been collected, and finally, some practical recommendations for reduction of the risk of this devastating disease in children are represented...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413423/preconception-care-a-pragmatic-approach-for-planned-pregnancy
#3
Kalaivani Annadurai, Geetha Mani, Raja Danasekaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413422/anesthetic-approach-to-niemann-pick-type-c-patient-for-dental-treatment
#4
Ayşe Hande Arpacı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413421/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-plus-vitamin-d-on-leg-cramps-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ameneh Mansouri, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, Moslem Najafi
BACKGROUND: This study intended to determine the effects of Vitamin D and calcium-Vitamin D in treating leg cramps in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial on 126 participants, 18-35-year-old pregnant women with a minimum of two leg cramps per week who were referred to health-care centers in Tabriz-Iran in 2013. The participants were allocated to three 42 member groups using a randomized block design...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413420/overcrowding-in-emergency-departments-a-review-of-strategies-to-decrease-future-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Fatemeh Rezaei, Abbas Haghshenas, Nahid Tavakoli
Emergency departments (EDs) are the most challenging ward with respect to patient delay. The goal of this study is to present strategies that have proven to reduce delay and overcrowding in EDs. In this review article, initial electronic database search resulted in a total of 1006 articles. Thirty articles were included after reviewing full texts. Inclusion criteria were assessments of real patient flows and implementing strategies inside the hospitals. In this study, we discussed strategies of team triage, point-of-care testing, ideal ED patient journey models, streaming, and fast track...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413419/role-of-vitamin-d-on-glycemic-control-and-oxidative-stress-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Mostafa Saif-Elnasr, Iman M Ibrahim, Manal M Alkady
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency may play a key role in the development of impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabolic syndrome. Several studies have shown that Vitamin D has an antioxidant property. We aimed to investigate 25-hydroxy Vitamin D (25[OH]D) levels in patients with T2DM and in nondiabetic healthy controls and to ascertain the impact of 25(OH)D levels on glycemic control and oxidative stress in T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty male patients with T2DM and twenty age- and socioeconomic status-matched male healthy controls were included in the study...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413418/study-of-the-regulatory-promoter-polymorphism-938c-a-of-b-cell-lymphoma-2-gene-in-breast-cancer-patients-of-mazandaran-province-in-northern-iran
#8
Sepideh Esfahani Moghaddam, Ali Barzegar, Novin Nikbakhsh
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of breast cancer has been dramatically increasing since the last decade in Iran, and it is now one of the most common female malignant tumors. B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) family is the most important regulator of apoptosis, and -938C>A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of BCL2 gene promoter has been demonstrated to influence breast cancer susceptibility. In this research, we study the effect of -938C>A allelic variants on breast cancer risk in Mazandaran province at the North of Iran...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400832/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-interpersonal-sensitivity-measure
#9
Youkhabeh Mohammadian, Behzad Mahaki, Fahimeh Fathali Lavasani, Mahmoud Dehghani, Mohammadkazem Atef Vahid
BACKGROUND: Investigating the psychometric properties of existing psychometric scales in societies with differing dynamics can help with their external validity. This research specifically aimed at standardization and validation of Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM) scale in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Persian version of the IPSM was produced through forward translation, reconciliation, and back translation. A total of 357, nonclinical students were selected through multistage sampling method and completed a set of questionnaires including IPSM...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400831/the-relation-between-genital-wart-and-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Maryam Aghaei, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Mehdi Azami, Seyed Hossein Hejazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400830/plasma-concentration-genetic-variation-and-gene-expression-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-iranian-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Khalil Mahmoodi, Koorosh Kamali, Elham Karami, Mohammad Soleiman Soltanpour
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) -1562C>T (rs3918242) polymorphism has been proposed as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) with conflicting results. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of -1562C>T genetic polymorphism, gene expression and circulating levels of MMP9 with CAD risk in an Iranian subpopulation in in Zanjan City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study we investigated retrospectively 100 patients with angiographically verified CAD and 100 matched controls...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#12
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400828/effect-of-intrauterine-injection-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-before-embryo-transfer-on-pregnancy-rate-a-prospective-randomized-study
#13
Fatemeh Mostajeran, Farzaneh Godazandeh, Sayed Mehdi Ahmadi, Minoo Movahedi, Seyed Abolfazl Jabalamelian
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as the most important factor to controlled implantation is one of the early embryonic signals in primates that is secreted by the embryo before its implantation. This study was designed to assess the effects of intrauterine injection of hCG before the embryo transfer in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle on pregnancy rate in infertile patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized study was done on 100 infertile patients in two groups: intervention group received injection of 700 IU of intrauterine hCG 10 min before embryo transfer and control group did not receive hCG...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400827/effects-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-treatment-on-metabolic-markers-in-hashimoto-thyroiditis-patients
#14
Parichehr Vahabi Anaraki, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Massoud Amini, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Azamosadat Tabatabaei
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current trial was to investigate the effect of Vitamin D treatment on metabolic markers in people with Vitamin D deficiency and thyroid autoimmunity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 65 Vitamin D deficient euthyroid or hypothyroid patients with positive TPO-Ab were enrolled. They randomly allocated into two groups to receive oral Vitamin D3 (50000 IU weekly) and placebo for 12 weeks...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400826/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-disease-activity-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Hadi Karimzadeh, Mohammad Shirzadi, Mansour Karimifar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to check the effectiveness of Vitamin D supplementation on the disease activity of Vitamin D-deficient systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 45 Vitamin D-deficient SLE patients were studied in two groups, namely interventional and placebo groups. The interventional group patients were treated with Vitamin D (50,000 unit/weekly Vitamin D for 12 weeks and then 50,000 unit/monthly for 3 months) and placebo group patients were only administered the placebo...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400825/association-of-anatomic-variations-with-antrochoanal-polyps-in-paranasal-sinus-computed-tomography-scan
#16
Ali Hekmatnia, Farid Shirvani, Farhad Mahmoodi, Mostafa Hashemi
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of concomitant anatomic variation of paranasal sinuses in patients with antrochoanal polyp (ACP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among patients referred by their clinicians for standard computed tomography scan of paranasal sinuses septal deviation, concha bullosa, and retention cyst were evaluated in both patients with ACP as well as in a control group. RESULTS: Of the 17 patients with ACP, fifteen patients (88...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400824/melatonin-and-human-mitochondrial-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Reza Sharafati-Chaleshtori, Hedayatollah Shirzad, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Amin Soltani
Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the main causative factors in a wide variety of complications such as neurodegenerative disorders, ischemia/reperfusion, aging process, and septic shock. Decrease in respiratory complex activity, increase in free radical production, increase in mitochondrial synthase activity, increase in nitric oxide production, and impair in electron transport system and/or mitochondrial permeability are considered as the main factors responsible for mitochondrial dysfunction. Melatonin, the pineal gland hormone, is selectively taken up by mitochondria and acts as a powerful antioxidant, regulating the mitochondrial bioenergetic function...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400823/development-of-a-scoring-system-using-a-statistical-model-to-predict-cure-status-in-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#18
Mehri Khoshhali, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Fariba Jaffary, Azadeh Zolfaghari Baghbaderani
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to develop a scoring system for predicting cure status in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 199 patients with CL from Skin Diseases and Leishmaniasis Research Center (Isfahan, Iran). Data were collected as longitudinal in each visit of patients. We applied ordinal logistic generalized estimating equation regression to predict score on this correlated data. To evaluate the fitted model, split sample validation method was applied...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331522/sexuality-and-elderly-with-chronic-diseases-a-review-of-the-existing-literature
#19
REVIEW
Effat Merghati-Khoei, Arezoo Pirak, Mansoureh Yazdkhasti, Parvaneh Rezasoltani
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy and the growing phenomenon of aging can lead to increased burden of chronic diseases (CDs) which adversely affects the overall health of elderly, their sexuality in particular. Sexual life of an aged population is overlooked in many of the societies. In the present narrative review, we aim to assess the impact of CDs on sexual function of elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used internet databases including PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Google Scholar, SID, Iran Medex, Magiran, IPPF, and UNFPA without time limit...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331521/endoscopic-treatment-for-high-risk-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-epinephrine-alone-with-epinephrine-plus-fresh-frozen-plasma
#20
Mahsa Khodadoostan, Mohammad Karami-Horestani, Ahmad Shavakhi, Vahid Sebghatollahi
BACKGROUND: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a common and potentially life-threatening emergency with substantial mortality. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP), a good source of coagulation factors, might be an ideal injection agent based on its physiologic properties. Therefore, we evaluated the role of FFP as a hemostatic agent in patients with high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2015 to April 2016, 108 consecutive patients with high-risk bleeding ulcers were admitted to our university hospital...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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