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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692826/assessment-of-blunt-splenic-trauma-which-imaging-scoring-system-is-superior
#1
Atoosa Adibi, Farbod Ferasat, Mohammad Mehdi Baradaran Mahdavi, Kimia Kazemi, Sina Sadeghian
Background: Spleen is the most common viscera that may be hurt in blunt abdominal trauma. Operative or nonoperative management of splenic injury is a dilemma. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) is the most common grading system which has been used for the management of blunt splenic injuries. The new recommended grading system assesses other aspects of splenic injury such as contrast extravasation, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, and severity of hemoperitoneum, as well...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692825/misdiagnosis-of-spider-bite-in-a-3-year-old-child
#2
Anahita Alizadeh, Maryam Vahabzadeh, Anoush Azarfar, Yalda Ravanshad
Abdominal pain is a common complaint among children with a vast differential diagnosis. Hip pain is also a nonspecific sign. Here, we present a case of a 3-year-old boy with a complaint of abdominal pain and pain in both hips, much on the right one. After evaluations, the diagnosis was a spider bite.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692824/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-micrornas-and-exosomes-as-new-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-biomarkers
#3
REVIEW
Jafar Salimian, Hamed Mirzaei, Abdullah Moridikia, Asghar Beigi Harchegani, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Hossein Salehi
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known as a progressive lung disease and the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Despite valuable efforts, there is still no accurate diagnostic and prognostic tool for COPD. Hence, it seems that finding new biomarkers could contribute to provide better therapeutic platforms for COPD patients. Among various biomarkers, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as new biomarkers for the prognosis and diagnosis of patients with COPD. It has been shown that deregulation of miRNAs targeting a variety of cellular and molecular pathways such as Notch, Wnt, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, transforming growth factor, Kras, and Smad could be involved in COPD pathogenesis...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692823/plant-toxins-and-acute-medicinal-plant-poisoning-in-children-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Samaneh Sepahi, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Background: For many years, medicinal plants and herbal therapy have been widely used in different societies for the treatment of various diseases. Besides their therapeutic potency, some of the medicinal plants have strong toxicity in human, especially in children and elderly. Despite common beliefs that natural products are safe, there have been few reports on their toxicities. Materials and Methods: In the present study, we aimed to systematically review the literature wherein acute plant poisoning and herbal intoxication have been reported in pediatric patients...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692822/prevalence-of-multiple-birth-in-isfahan-iran
#5
Ahmad Yazdekhasti, Alireza Firouzfar, Parisa Hajheidari, Arash Havaei, Golchehreh Tavakol, Fereshteh Karbasian
Background: According to increasing rate of using assisted reproductive technology (ART) which result in higher rates of multiple birth and natal difficulties, we aimed to determine the prevalence rate of multiple birth pregnancies. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study evaluating birth files in 2009-2010 of main hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Results: Among 31640 files' studies, 614 cases of multiple birth pregnancies were investigated...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692821/association-between-oral-lichen-planus-and-epstein-barr-virus-in-iranian-patients
#6
Matin Shariati, Mojgan Mokhtari, Aria Masoudifar
Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common mucocutaneous disease with malignant transformation potential. Several etiologies such as humoral, autoimmunity, and viral infections might play a role, but still there is no definite etiology for this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome in Iranian patients with OLP as compared to people with normal mucosa. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on a case group including 38 tissue specimens of patients with histopathological confirmation of OLP and a control group including 38 samples of healthy mucosa...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692820/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-wilson-disease
#7
REVIEW
Mehri Salari, Emad Fayyazi, Omid Mirmosayyeb
Wilson disease (WD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by excessive copper deposition in the body, principally in the liver and the brain. There is a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, but the most significant and basic symptoms of the disease can be divided into hepatic, neurologic, and psychiatric manifestations. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides more detailed anatomical information than computed tomography of the brain, especially of the structure of the basal ganglia and brain stem...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692819/correlation-between-vitamin-d3-level-and-extrahepatic-manifestation-in-chronic-hepatitis-type-c-virus-patients
#8
Hamid Kalantari, Hadi Karimzadeh, Saeed Kalantari, Majid Talebi, Majid Yaran, Javad Golpayegani
Background: Chronic hepatitis type-C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most common worldwide viral disorders, which leads to various clinical complications as well as extrahepatic manifestations. Furthermore, Vitamin D3 has also been reported to have relationship with the mentioned complications. The aim is to evaluate the correlation between Vitamin D3 level and extrahepatic manifestation in chronic HCV patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study has been carried out on 90 patients with chronic hepatitis C...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692818/responding-to-the-challenge-of-antibiotic-resistance-world-health-organization
#9
Saurabh R Shrivastava, Prateek S Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692817/methylenetetrahydrofo-late-reductase-c677t-polymorphism-and-schizophrenia-effect-of-molecular-change
#10
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531570/the-effect-of-nitrous-oxide-in-comparison-to-oxygen-combined-with-fentanyl-on-the-hospitalization-time-and-pain-reduction-in-renal-colic-patients-at-emergency-department
#11
Omid Ahmadi, Amir Shirvani Dehkordi, Farhad Heydari, Mohammad Nasr Esfahani, Behzad Mahaki
Background: Renal colic is a painful medical emergency, needs urgent intervention to reduce pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and entonox are pain-relieving agents. This study was aimed to compare fentanyl + entonox (nitrous oxide + O2 ) versus fentanyl + oxygen. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty patients with acute renal colic presenting to the emergency department were enrolled. First, 50 μg fentanyl was infused for all patients...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531569/a-comparison-of-pain-control-and-complications-using-three-different-ways-of-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#12
Hamid Mazdak, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Fatemeh Momeni, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi
Background: We aim to compare the degree of pain control and complications in three types of anesthesia using periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) plus intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), low-dose spinal anesthesia, and intravenous (IV) sedation in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 106 patients were participated from December 2015 to December 2016 at Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531568/the-effect-of-saffron-crocus-sativus-l-hydroalcoholic-extract-on-metabolic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-triple-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Alireza Milajerdi, Shima Jazayeri, Najmeh Hashemzadeh, Elham Shirzadi, Zhaleh Derakhshan, Abolghassem Djazayeri, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Background: Metabolic control is a major concern in preventing diabetic complications. Saffron as a natural source of antioxidants could play a role in alleviating diabetes insults. The aim of this study was to investigate effect of saffron hydroalcoholic extract on metabolic control in type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Materials and Methods: This randomized triple blind study was included 54 T2D patients which randomly received either saffron (Group 1) or placebo (Group 2) twice daily other than routine antidiabetic treatments for 8 weeks...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531567/hidden-cost-of-disability-what-policy-makers-usually-forget
#14
Shahin Soltani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531566/incidence-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Matinfar, Shahrzad Shahidi, Awat Feizi
Background: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in renal transplant recipients is common and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the incidence of NMSC among renal transplant recipients. Materials and Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for studies that assessed the incidence of NMSC in renal transplant recipients using a combination of relevant keywords...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531565/evaluation-of-the-predictive-value-of-fetal-doppler-ultrasound-for-neonatal-outcome-from-the-36-th-week-of-pregnancy
#16
Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari
Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to descending aorta blood flow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531564/efficacy-of-combined-endurance-resistance-training-versus-endurance-training-in-patients-with-heart-failure-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sara Abolahrari-Shirazi, Javad Kojuri, Zahra Bagheri, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
Background: This study aimed to compare the effects of combined endurance-resistance training (CT) versus endurance training (ET) on some cardiovascular markers in patients with heart failure after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: The study applied a randomized, controlled design in which 75 patients with heart failure who had undergone PCI were randomly assigned to one of three groups: ET, CT, and control. The ET group performed ET for 45 min, three times a week for 7 weeks...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531563/lipid-regulatory-genes-polymorphism-in-children-with-and-without-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-the-caspian-iii-study
#18
Silva Hovsepian, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Marjan Mansourian, Mahin Hashemipour, Mohamadhasan Tajadini, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Genetically, predisposed children are considered as at-risk individuals for cardiovascular disease. In this study, we aimed to compare the frequency of four-lipid regulatory polymorphism in obese and normal-weight children with and without cardiometabolic risk factors. Materials and Methods: In this nested case-control study, 600 samples of four groups of participants consisted of those with normal weight with and without cardiometabolic risk factors and obese with and without cardiometabolic risk factors...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456567/influence-of-blood-glucose-level-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-complicated-with-ischemic-stroke
#19
REVIEW
Xiao-Liu Dong, Fei Guan, Shi-Jun Xu, Li-Xia Zhu, Pan-Pan Zhang, Ai-Bin Cheng, Tie-Jun Liu
We carried out this meta-analysis for the aim of exploring the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke. Relevant studies were identified using computerized databases supplemented with manual search strategies. The included studies were strictly followed the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Case-control studies which related to the influence of DM on the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke were selected. Statistical analyses were implemented with the STATA version 12...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456566/is-application-of-kinesio-tape-to-treat-hyperlordosis-more-effective-on-abdominal-muscles-or-hamstrings
#20
Sara Abolahrari Shirazi, Farzaneh Moslemi Haghighi, Seyedeh Mahshid Alavi, Fahimeh Freiydoon Nezhad, Farahnaz Emami
Background: Hyperlordosis is defined as an abnormal increase in the lumbar arch of >40°. This study compared two taping techniques include abdominal muscles and hamstrings taping for the treatment of lumbar hyperlordosis. Materials and Methods: The randomized clinical trial was performed in Shiraz, Iran, during June and September 2014. Thirty women aged 20-45 years old with at least 40° lumbar lordosis participated. The women were randomized into two groups ( n = 15)...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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