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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163746/assessment-of-ovarian-reserve-anti-mullerian-hormone-versus-follicle-stimulating-hormone
#1
Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Zahra Cheema, Safia Baig, Roha Ahmed Choudhary
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the strength of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in reflecting the antral follicle count (AFC) in infertile females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 160 females, visiting infertility clinic for assisted reproduction. Serum samples collected on the 3(rd) day of the cycle were assayed for FSH, luteinizing hormone, and AMH while AFC was assessed via transvaginal ultrasound...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163745/comparison-of-short-term-efficacy-of-iron-sucrose-with-those-of-ferric-chloride-in-hemodialysis-patients-an-open-label-study
#2
Po-Jen Hsiao, Jenq-Shyong Chan, Kun-Lin Wu, Wen-Fang Chiang, Jing-Shu Huang, Chia-Chao Wu, Pauling Chu, Jin-Shuen Chen
BACKGROUND: It is intriguing and imperative that the comparison of the iron preparations in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study aimed to observe the short-term efficacy of parenteral iron sucrose and ferric chloride in HD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a consecutive 10-week single-blind study in Taiwan. An intravenous iron supplement of 100 mg/week was administered as an infusion in 100 ml of normal saline, until a total dose of 1000 mg was achieved...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163744/association-of-hypoproteinemia-in-preeclampsia-with-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-retrospective-analysis-of-high-risk-women
#3
Hongbo Chen, Feng Tao, Xiangdong Fang, Xietong Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes in preeclampsia (PE), according to the value of albumin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preeclamptic women were retrospectively divided into mild hypoproteinemia (MHP, n = 220) and severe hypoproteinemia (SHP, n = 79) PE according to the value of albumin. The maternal and perinatal outcomes were evaluated in both groups. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-nine single pregnancies complicated by PE were included in this study...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163743/helicobacter-pylori-antibiotic-resistance-can-herbal-medicine-be-an-alternative-for-the-treatment
#4
Mohammad Zamani, Vahid Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163742/the-role-of-magnesium-sulfate-in-tracheal-intubation-without-muscle-relaxation-in-patients-undergoing-ophthalmic-surgery
#5
Hassan-Ali Soltani, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Kamran Montazeri, Alireza Dehghani, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxant agents usually use to facilitate tracheal intubation; however, sometimes limitations exist. Magnesium (Mg) sulfate is a candidate for muscle relaxant substitute. This study was designed to determine the effect of Mg sulfate accompanied with propofol and fentanyl in patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blind randomized protocol and before tracheal intubation, Mg sulfate 40, 45, or 50 mg/kg in 100 ml of saline (Groups 1-3, respectively) or saline alone (Group 4) were administrated intravenously in 100 patients (n = 25 in each group) with the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical Status I, II, or III...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163741/genomic-rearrangement-screening-of-the-brca1-from-seventy-iranian-high-risk-breast-cancer-families
#6
Maryam Sedghi, Elham Esfandiari, Esmat Fazel-Najafabadi, Mansoor Salehi, Abbas Salavaty, Shirin Fattahpour, Leila Dehghani, Nayerossadat Nouri, Fariborz Mokarian
BACKGROUND: The second leading cause of cancer deaths in women is breast cancer. Germline mutations in susceptibility breast cancer gene BRCA1 increase the lifetime risk of breast cancer. Eighty-one large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) have been reported up to date in BRCA1 gene, and evaluation of these rearrangements helps with precise risk assessment in high-risk individuals. In this study, we have investigated LGRs in BRCA1 among Iranian high-risk breast cancer families. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients with breast cancer who were identified negative for point mutations or small deletions/insertions of BRCA1 gene were selected...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163740/role-of-superoxide-dismutase-in-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Xiaolian Zhang, Yu Lu, Chengzhi Rong, Dongmei Yang, Shan Li, Xue Qin
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in hepatocarcinogenesis. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is involved in the repair of ROS. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the "golden marker" for diagnosing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and one major shortcoming of its use is that it is insensitive for the early detection of HCC. Therefore, we evaluated serum SOD levels and their association with AFP in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 279 subjects were divided into three groups: 99 HBV patients with HCC, 73 HBV patients without HCC, and 107 sex- and age-matched healthy controls...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163739/predictive-value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-severe-degenerative-aortic-valve-stenosis
#8
Efe Edem, Hasan Reyhanoğlu, Murat Küçükukur, Ali Hikmet Kırdök, Ahmet Ozan Kınay, Ümit İlker Tekin, Kaan Özcan, Murat Ertürk, Çağın Şentürk, Bahadır Kırılmaz, Hasan Güngör, İsa Durmaz
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is the most common cause of left ventricular outflow obstruction, and its prevalence among elderly patients causes a major public health burden. Recently, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been recognized as a novel prognostic biomarker that offers information about both aggregation and inflammation pathways. Since PLR indicates inflammation, we hypothesized that PLR may be associated with the severity of AVS due to chronic inflammation pathways that cause stiffness and calcification of the aortic valve...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163738/allele-frequency-and-genotype-distribution-of-a-common-variant-in-the-3%C3%A2-untranslated-region-of-the-slc22a3-gene-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-association-with-response-to-metformin
#9
Maryam Ghaffari-Cherati, Abdolkarim Mahrooz, Mohammad Bagher Hashemi-Soteh, Seyyedeh Raheleh Hosseyni-Talei, Ahad Alizadeh, Saeid Mofid Nakhaei
BACKGROUND: Organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) is an excellent transporter for metformin, which is used as first-line therapy for type 2 diabetes (T2D). OCT3 genetic variants may influence the clinical response to metformin. This study aimed to determine the genotype and allele frequency of OCT3-564G>A (rs3088442) variant and its role in the glycemic response to metformin in patients with newly diagnosed T2D. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the response to metformin, 150 patients were classified into two groups: Sixty-nine responders (decrease in glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] values by more than 1% from the baseline) and 81 nonresponders (decrease in HbA1c values <1% from the baseline)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163737/cost-effectiveness-of-surgical-excision-versus-mohs-micrographic-surgery-for-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Leila Nassiripour, Mohammadreza Amirsadri, Maryam Tabatabaeian, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Nonmelanoma skin cancer rates are increasing worldwide. Mohs micrographic surgery and surgical excision (SE) are the two treatment methods for this type of cancer. The current paper aims at determining and comparing the cost-effectiveness of SE and Mohs micrographic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study has a retrospective cohort design. A number of 630 patients suffering from nonmelanoma skin cancer who at some point of time during the years 2007-2014 referred to the Al-Zahra or Seyed Al-Shohada Hospitals in Isfahan...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163736/a-systematic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Roya Kelishadi, Silva Hovsepian, Shirin Djalalinia, Fahimeh Jamshidi, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, is one of the most common metabolic disorders, which lead to many chronic diseases. The link between childhood MetS and occurrence of atherosclerosis and its sequels in adulthood is well documented. This study aims to systematically review the prevalence of MetS among Iranian children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted on studies published from January 1990 to January 2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163735/world-health-organization-releases-new-recommendations-to-comprehensively-address-the-problem-of-maternal-peripartum-infections
#12
Saurabh R Shrivastava, Prateek S Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163734/efficacy-of-olanzapine-in-symptom-relief-and-quality-of-life-in-gastric-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#13
Novin Nikbakhsh, Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi, Elham Ramzani, Sussan Moudi, Ali Bijani, Roya Yousefi, Marjan Moudi, Hemmat Gholinia
BACKGROUND: Considering the incidence and prevalence rates of gastric cancer in Mazandaran Province of Iran, this research was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of olanzapine in symptom relief and quality of life (QOL) improvement of gastric patients receiving chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on thirty new cases of gastric cancer patients whose treatment protocol was planned on chemotherapy and were allocated into two groups by simple random sampling...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163733/comparison-the-effect-of-stump-closure-by-endoclips-versus-endoloop-on-the-duration-of-surgery-and-complications-in-patients-under-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Seyed Abas Sadat-Safavi, Shirzad Nasiri, Abolfazl Shojaiefard, Mehdi Jafari, Ali Ghorbani Abdehgah, Aidin Yghoobi Notash, Ahmadreza Soroush
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendectomy is a well-described surgical technique. However, concerns still exist regarding whether the closure of the appendiceal stump should be done with a clip, an endoloop, or other techniques. In this study, the effect of stump closure on duration of surgery and complications by endoclips was compared with endoloop in patients under laparoscopic appendectomy. The study was carried out as a prospective randomized clinical trial between 2013 and 2015 in Shariati Hospital of Tehran...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163732/the-effect-of-dry-needling-on-the-radiating-pain-in-subjects-with-discogenic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Ashraf Mahmoudzadeh, Zahra Sadat Rezaeian, Abdolkarim Karimi, Jan Dommerholt
BACKGROUND: Disk herniation is the most common cause of radiating low back pain (LBP) in subjects under 60 years of age. The present study aims to compare the effect of dry needling (DN) and a standard conservative approach on the pain and function in subjects with discogenic radiating LBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight subjects with discogenic radicular LBP were screened and randomized into control (Standard physical therapy, n = 29) and experimental group (Standard physical therapy and DN, n = 29)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163731/effects-of-vitamin-d-treatment-on-thyroid-autoimmunity
#16
Yasin Simsek, Ilkay Cakır, Mikail Yetmis, Oguzhan Sitki Dizdar, Osman Baspinar, Ferhat Gokay
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D was shown to be related to autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) in the previous studies. We aimed to investigate the relationship between Vitamin D and thyroid autoimmunity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients, diagnosed with AITD by the endocrinology outpatient clinic, were included in this prospective study. All of the patients had both AITD and Vitamin D deficiency, defined as serum values <20 ng/mL. They were randomly assigned into two groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163730/updates-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-ebola-hemorrhagic-fever
#17
REVIEW
Salah Mohamed El Sayed, Ali A Abdelrahman, Hani Adnan Ozbak, Hassan Abdullah Hemeg, Ali Mohammed Kheyami, Nasser Rezk, Mohamed Baioumy El-Ghoul, Manal Mohamed Helmy Nabo, Yasser Mohamed Fathy
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a lethal viral disease transmitted by contact with infected people and animals. Ebola infection represents a worldwide health threat causing enormous mortality rates and fatal epidemics. Major concern is pilgrimage seasons with possible transmission to Middle East populations. In this review, we aim to shed light on Ebola hemorrhagic fever as regard: virology, transmission, biology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, and complications to get the best results for prevention and management...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163729/how-accurate-and-reliable-are-medical-predictions
#18
Spyros Makridakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163728/pemphigus-vulgaris-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Marzieh Matin, Fatemeh Rajati
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune bullous and erosive mucocutaneous disease. Rarely, it occurs in patients with other autoimmune disease. The relation between PV and neurological disorders is unclear and needs to be more studied. Here, we report a case of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), followed by dermatologic involvement. Histopathological evidence and direct immunofluorescence are consistent with PV. Systemic corticosteroid and azathioprine were effective in the treatment of mucocutaneous lesions...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163727/a-preliminary-study-on-the-potential-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-to-induce-dyskaryotic-change-in-respiratory-epithelium-in-adult-community-acquired-pneumonia
#20
Shu-Chang An, Dong-Hong Yang, Chao-Feng Luo, Xin Chen, Guo-Tian Liu, Yan Weng, Jing-Zhe Liu, Ying Shang, Rui-Qin Wang, Zhan-Cheng Gao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the cellular morphology of respiratory epithelium in Mycoplasma pneumonia (MpP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cast-off cell morphological findings from bronchoscopic brushings in MpP and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by typical pathogens were reviewed. RESULTS: Compared with the CAP group, cellular dysplasia in respiratory tract epithelial brushings was significantly greater in MpP patients (P = 0...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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