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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717378/evaluation-of-shoulder-girdle-strength-more-than-12-month-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-and-axillary-nodes-dissection
#1
Mahdieh Akoochakian, Heidar Ali Davari, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Nader Rahnama
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is necessary for upper body normal function. Upper extremity function impairments have been reported in breast cancer (BC) survivors. It is not possible to know precisely if cancer adjuvant therapy such as radiation and chemotherapy had any effect on the unaffected arm. The aim of this study was to compare shoulder girdle strength among women with BC and similarly aged women without cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three postmenopausal women (51 ± 6...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717377/appropriate-blood-component-therapy-can-reduce-postcardiac-surgery-acute-kidney-injury-through-packed-cell-transfusion-reduction
#2
Kianoush Saberi, Mehrdad Salehi, Mehrzad Rahmanian, Ali Reza Bakhshandeh, Gholam Reza Massoumi
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) can happen due to different factors such as anemia. Packed cell (PC) transfusion is an important cause of AKI occurrence. The aim of the study is to investigate whether appropriate blood component (BC) therapy can reduce blood transfusion and it would result in AKI decreasing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 1388 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in one university hospital. A serum creatinine higher than 2 mg/dl, renal disease history, renal replacement therapy (chronic dialysis) were our exclusion criteria...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717376/noting-a-black-ring-at-bending-a-postcataract-surgery-symptom
#3
Seyed-Hossein Abtahi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Seyed Ali Akbar Mortazavi, Hamidreza Jahanbani-Ardakani, Mehdi Mazloumi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717375/world-health-organization-validated-websites-provide-reliable-information-on-vaccine-safety
#4
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717374/performance-of-urinalysis-tests-in-screening-for-significant-bacteriuria-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-subjects-in-south-india
#5
Ramachandran Vignesh, Chinnambedu R Swathirajan, Sunil S Solomon, Suniti Solomon, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717373/diagnostic-value-of-alarm-symptoms-for-upper-gi-malignancy-in-patients-referred-to-gi-clinic-a-7-years-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mohammad Hasan Emami, Masoud Ataie-Khorasgani, Nasim Jafari-Pozve
BACKGROUND: Early upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer detection had led to organ-preserving endoscopic therapy. Endoscopy is a suitable method of early diagnosis of UGI malignancies. In Iran, exclusion of malignancy is the most important indication for endoscopy. This study is designed to see whether using alarm symptoms can predict the risk of cancer in patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3414 patients referred to a tertiary gastrointestinal (GI) clinic in Isfahan, Iran, from 2009 to 2016 with dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and alarm symptoms, such as weight loss, dysphagia, GI bleeding, vomiting, positive familial history for cancer, and anorexia...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717372/comparison-of-platelet-number-and-function-between-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-normal-individuals
#7
Zeinab Saremi, Mahboobe Rastgoo, Mahyar Mohammadifard, Bita Bijari, Ehsan Akbari
BACKGROUND: There is interest about the role of platelet (PLT) number and function in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD patients have abnormalities of PLT number and function, especially mean platelet volume (MPV) which is known as a novel biomarker for atherosclerosis. We decided to compare PLT number and function between NAFLD and healthy participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, two groups of patients (65 cases with NAFLD and 65 cases without NAFLD) were included consecutively...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717371/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplement-on-hemoglobin-in-chronic-renal-failure-patients-under-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Zahra Shariaty, Gholam Reza Mahmoodi Shan, Mehran Farajollahi, Monireh Amerian, Naser Behnam Pour
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is one of the causes of anemia in chronic renal failure patients under hemodialysis. Probiotics probably establish a balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The study was conducted to determine the effects of probiotic supplementation on hemoglobin (Hb) in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel clinical trial was conducted in which patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (n = 18) was given a 500 mg probiotic supplement (a capsule) every day whereas the control group (n = 18) received placebo (a capsule), both for 3 months...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717370/classic-high-lateral-tension-and-triangular-resection-methods-to-prevent-dog-ear-and-elongation-scar-in-patients-undergoing-abdominoplasty-a-comparative-open-label-clinical-trial
#9
Hossein Abdali, Mohammadbagher Heydari, Mahmood Omranifard, Mahdi Rasti
BACKGROUND: One of the most common operations in the plastic surgery curse is abdominoplasty. Several methods were recommended for achieving better results. In the present study, efficacy of a new method compared with classical high lateral tension on preventing dog ear and elongation scar was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: in an open-label, randomized clinical trial, seventy patients who were candidates for abdominoplasty were selected and randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717369/association-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-sleep-apnea-in-patients-referred-to-sleep-laboratory
#10
Farzin Ghiasi, Babak Amra, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Fatemeh Azimian
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is assumed as one of the most frequent gastrointestinal disorders, which decreases the patient's quality of life. IBS pathogenesis, however, is not clearly defined. It seems that sleep apnea induces or escalates IBS clinical symptoms. This study aims at evaluating of IBS prevalence in patients, who are afflicted or are not afflicted with sleep apnea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study, which was implemented in a sleep laboratory located in Isfahan, Iran...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717368/community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-carriage-rate-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-a-tertiary-center-iran
#11
Shervin Shokouhi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mohammad-Hossein Zamanian
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to determine frequency and antimicrobial susceptibility of Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) among colonized patients in outpatient status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2000 nasal nares specimens were collected and inoculated on mannitol salt agar. MRSAs were identified based on mannitol positivity and coagulase test followed by cefoxitin disc diffusion test. Antimicrobial susceptibility of MRSA isolates was performed by E-test method for vancomycin and doxycycline as well as disc diffusion method for sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX-TMP), erythromycin, linezolid, and clindamycin...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616057/serum-omentin-1-vaspin-and-apelin-levels-and-central-obesity-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Farzaneh Montazerifar, Ali Reza Bakhshipour, Mansour Karajibani, Zahra Torki, Ali Reza Dashipour
BACKGROUND: Omentin-1, vaspin, and apelin are novel adipokines which closely associate with obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the circulating levels of omentin-1, vaspin, and apelin in NAFLD patients and to clarify their relationship with biochemical parameters, abdominal obesity, and high sensitive C-reactive protein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study, serum levels of omentin-1, vaspin, and apelin were measured in 41 NAFLD patients and 41 healthy volunteers...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616056/ertapenem-for-multiple-%C3%AE-lactamases-producing-gram-negative-bacteria-causing-urinary-tract-infections-in-hiv-patients
#13
Marimuthu Ragavan Ramesh Kumar, Narasingam Arunagirinathan, Ramachandran Vignesh, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Suniti Solomon, Solomon S Sunil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616055/evaluation-of-ovarian-function-after-hysterectomy-with-or-without-salpingectomy-a-feasible-study
#14
Fariba Behnamfar, Hajar Jabbari
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic salpingectomy for the prevention of ovarian cancer has been recommended strongly. The aim of this study was to compare ovarian function in patients who undergo hysterectomy for benign reasons with or without bilateral salpingectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinical-trial study on patients undergone hysterectomy with/without bilateral salpingectomy in Al-Zahra Hospital, in 2015-2016. Demographic information (age, height, and weight) were recorded...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616054/an-investigation-on-non-invasive-fungal-sinusitis-molecular-identification-of-etiologic-agents
#15
Abdolrasoul Mohammadi, Seyed Mostafa Hashemi, Sayed Hamidreza Abtahi, Seyed Mohammad Lajevardi, Sahar Kianipour, Rasoul Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Fungal sinusitis is increasing worldwide in the past two decades. It is divided into two types including invasive and noninvasive. Noninvasive types contain allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) and fungus ball. AFS is a hypersensitivity reaction to fungal allergens in the mucosa of the sinonasal tract in atopic individuals. The fungus ball is a different type of noninvasive fungal rhinosinusitis which is delineated as an accumulation of debris and fungal elements inside a paranasal sinus...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616053/what-we-should-know-about-health-problems-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-implications-for-health-policy
#16
Shahin Soltani, Ahmad Faramarzi, Bahman Khosravi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616052/new-emerging-biological-markers-of-neonatal-sepsis
#17
Mirabela Dima, Daniela Iacob, Otilia Marginean, Emil Radu Iacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616051/omega-3-supplementation-effects-on-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-symptoms-and-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Behnaz Khani, Farahnaz Mardanian, Sajadeh Jafari Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common female endocrine disorder with unknown etiology and with different complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on PCOS symptoms and metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind clinical trial was performed in 2015 in Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospitals, Isfahan, Iran, on 88 patients with PCOS. Intervention group took omega-3 supplements with dose of 2 g/day for 6 months (two capsules), but control group received two olive oil capsules...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616050/occult-cancer-in-patients-with-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-general-hospital-at-mexico-city-a-pilot-study
#19
Christian O Ramírez-Serrano Torres, Edgardo Román-Guzmán, Carlos-Manuel Ortiz-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the frequency of occult cancer in patients with deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) at a general hospital in Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2012 to February 2015, all patients with primary DVT of lower extremities attended in the emergency department of our hospital were studied. Initially, all patients were evaluated with clinical history, physical examination, basic laboratories, abdominal ultrasound, chest X-ray, and duplex venous ultrasonography...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616049/cytokine-profiles-at-birth-and-the-risk-of-developing-severe-respiratory-distress-and-chronic-lung-disease
#20
Majeda S Hammoud, Raj Raghupathy, Nahla Barakat, Hoda Eltomi, Deena Elsori
BACKGROUND: Neonates with the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied to investigate possible associations between cytokine levels at birth and developing severe RDS or chronic lung disease (CLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples collected within hours of birth from infants with moderate and severe RDS. Twenty infants with moderate RDS and 20 infants with severe RDS were studied...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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