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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595711/diabetic-leg-associated-with-tibial-nerve-neuropathy-a-rare-ultrasound-finding-of-diabetic-deep-infection
#1
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Hong-Yi Lin, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595710/viscous-lidocaine-solution-versus-lidocaine-spray-for-pharyngeal-local-anesthesia-in-upper-gastroesophageal-endoscopy
#2
Mahsa Khodadoostan, Sina Sadeghian, Ali Safaei, Ali Reza Shavakhi, Ahmad Shavakhi
Background: Advantage of using local sedation during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is still challenging. In the current study, the effect of lidocaine spray versus lidocaine viscous solution for pharyngeal local anesthesia during UGE has been compared. Materials and Methods: This is a randomized clinical trial conducted on 130 patients conducting UGE in 2013. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of viscous lidocaine solution (Group V) and lidocaine spray (Group S)...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595709/determinants-of-survival-of-common-childhood-cancers-in-iran
#3
Aliasghar Keramatinia, Maryam Mohseny, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi, Esmat Davoudi Monfared, Farzaneh Amanpour, Ayad Bahadori Monfared, Parastoo Amiri, Maryam Khayamzadeh, Tahereh Alsadat Khoshbin Khoshnazar, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Azim Mehrvar, Zeinab Mazloumi, Abolfazl Movafagh
Background: Cancer is the second most common cause of morbidity and mortality in children. This study aimed to epidemiologically and demographically assess common cancers in children in Iran. Materials and Methods: This cohort study was conducted on children registered in Mahak Hospital and Rehabilitation Complex (which is a non-governmental organizations (NGO)-related hospital for only malignant diseases). A total of 2232 questionnaires were filled out for cancer patients between 2007 and 2016...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595708/an-investigation-on-patient-attitudes-toward-package-inserts-and-their-accessibility-in-iran
#4
Parisa Ahmadi, Shirin S Badri, Amir H Zargarzadeh
Background: Package inserts (PIs) can be a source of information for patients, especially when clinicians do not provide adequate consultations to the patients. Therefore, for the first time, we investigated the state of PIs in Iran and evaluated patients' attitude toward PI. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, conducted in a major teaching pharmacy in Isfahan, Iran, in 2016, 100 patients who presented a prescription were interviewed randomly and all medications in their medication bags were examined...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595707/thyroid-function-test-reference-ranges-in-the-first-trimester-of-gestation-and-pregnancy-outcomes-protocol-and-preliminary-results-for-cohort-population-based-study-isfahan-iran
#5
Maryam Kianpour, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Massoud Amini, Awat Feizi, Mohsen Janghorbani
Background: This paper presents the protocol and primary findings of pregnancy cohort population-based study in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cohort, 418 pregnant and 438 nonpregnant women were enrolled. In the first phase, serum concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroid peroxidase antibody, and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) were measured. Furthermore, the thyroid ultrasound was also performed...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595706/post-traumatic-endophthalmitis-prophylaxis-with-oral-ciprofloxacin-in-comparison-to-intravenous-cephazolin-gentamicin
#6
Alireza Dehghani, Amir-Masood Rafiemanzelat, Kimia Ghaderi, Mohsen Pourazizi, Awat Feizi
Background: Although posttraumatic endophthalmitis is an uncommon condition, it causes severe complications, so medical and pharmacological interventions for prevention of endophthalmitis after trauma are a major concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and clinical outcome of oral ciprofloxacin versus intravenous cefazolin/gentamicin for the prevention of endophthalmitis after penetrating ocular trauma. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive single-center study, including all cases of penetrating ocular trauma seen in the Feiz Hospital, a Tertiary Referral Eye Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, between 2011 and 2017...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595705/intradepartment-scientific-collaboration-in-journal-of-research-in-medical-sciences-a-co-authorship-study
#7
Ehsan Geraei, Elaheh Mazaheri, Maryam Karimi
Background: This study aimed to use social network analysis (SNA) indicators and clique analysis to investigate collaboration between different departments and research centers in Journal of Research in Medical Sciences (JRMS) in 2012-2016. Materials and Methods: The study was a scientometric study using micro- and macro-indicators of SNA to investigate the performance of departments and research centers in JRMS. The population consisted of 1073 articles published in JRMS in 2012-2016...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595704/association-between-autocrine-motility-factor-receptor-gene-polymorphism-rs2440472-rs373191257-and-glioblastoma-multiform-in-a-representative-iranian-population
#8
Alireza Eishi Oskouei, Laleh Rafiee, Parvin Mahzouni, Mojgan Gharipour, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard
Background: Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) is the most common and most malignant of the glial tumors that begins primarily in brain tissue. Genetic background could be considered as an important predisposing factor in GBM. Autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR) is a cytokine receptor that participates in a lot of physiologic and pathologic processes like: Cellular motility and metastasis. So, it seems that this protein has an essential role in pathophysiology of several cancers and could be a potential diagnostic and or therapeutic target in GBM...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30595703/the-effect-of-orlistat-and-weight-loss-diet-on-plasma-ghrelin-and-obestatin
#9
Baris Pamuk, Hamiyet Yilmaz, Levent Kebapçilar, Halil Kirbiyik, Ahmet Alacacioğlu, Giray Bozkaya, Gülseren Pamuk, Mustafa Demirpence
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss with hypocaloric diet and orlistat treatment in addition to hypocaloric diet on gut-derived hormones ghrelin and obestatin. Materials and Methods: A total of 52, euglycemic and euthyroid, obese female patients were involved in the study. The patients were assigned to two groups: Group 1 ( n = 26) received hypocaloric diet alone and Group 2 ( n = 26) received orlistat in addition to hypocaloric diet for 12 weeks...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505332/reference-values-of-nuchal-fold-thickness-in-an-iranian-population-sample
#10
Kimia Kazemi, Atoosa Adibi, Silva Hovsepian
Background: Considering that ethnicity and gestational age (GA) could affect the value of nuchal fold thickness (NFT) in mid-trimester, we aimed to determine the reference intervals of NFT values for each gestational week from 16 to 24 weeks of pregnancy among a group of Iranian pregnant women. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, medical files of pregnant women who underwent fetal anomaly scanning at 16-24 weeks of gestation were reviewed and the following data were extracted: GA, value of NFT, value of nuchal translucency (NT) in their previous ultrasound study, if available, and head circumference (HC)...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505331/serum-levels-of-interleukin-1-beta-associate-better-with-severity-of-simple-steatosis-than-liver-function-tests-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#11
Leon F Palomera, Angélica Y Gómez-Arauz, Eréndira Villanueva-Ortega, Guillermo Meléndez-Mier, Sergio A Islas-Andrade, Galileo Escobedo
Background: In high-fat diet-fed mice, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) has been shown to play a key role in hepatic steatosis. However, it remains unknown whether IL-1 beta could be associated with different grades of steatosis in obese humans. Materials and Methods: Morbidly obese patients ( n = 124) aged 18-65 years were divided into four groups: no steatosis (controls), mild steatosis, moderate steatosis, and severe steatosis using abdominal ultrasound. IL-1 beta serum levels and liver function tests were measured and significant differences were estimated by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505330/blood-culture-of-brucella-challenges-and-limitations
#12
Massoud Hajia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505329/effects-of-coenzyme-q-10-supplementation-on-the-serum-levels-of-amylase-adenosine-deaminase-catalase-and-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Parvin Zarei, Mohammad Reza Rezvanfar, Hadi Ansarihadipour, Mostafa Delavar, Mahdi Abdollahi, Ali Khosrowbeygi
Background: Increased levels of reactive oxygen species is a key factor involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 ) is a nonenzymatic antioxidant that restores other antioxidants. Materials and Methods: This randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial study has been designed to evaluate the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on serum values of amylase, adenosine deaminase, catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) in women with T2DM...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505328/is-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-a-good-diagnostic-marker-for-renal-injury-in-asphyxiated-preterm-infants
#14
Jing-Jing Pan, Zhong-Yi Sun, Xiao-Yu Zhou, Yu-Hua Hu, Rui Cheng, Xiao-Qing Chen, Yang Yang
Background: The objective of this study is to evaluate the value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for becoming a good endogenous marker of renal function in asphyxial preterm babies. Materials and Methods: This is a two-center retrospective study. Between October 2016 and October 2017, 71 asphyxial preterm infants were included in asphyxia group. Seventy babies were randomly included in control group. Samples were tested at 24, 48, and 96 h after birth...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505327/effect-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-on-salivary-glucose-immunoglobulin-a-total-protein-and-amylase-levels-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#15
REVIEW
Rozita Naseri, Hamid Reza Mozaffari, Mazaher Ramezani, Masoud Sadeghi
Background: Saliva is a fluid with the complex compound which can be used as diagnostic markers for type 2 diabetes (T2D). This meta-analysis evaluated salivary glucose, immunoglobulin A (IgA), total protein, and amylase levels in adult T2D compared with the controls as well as the correlation of salivary glucose levels with serum glucose and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) levels in both groups. Materials and Methods: Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to July 2017...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505326/blood-lead-levels-in-pregnant-women-referring-to-midwifery-clinic-in-a-referral-center-in-tehran
#16
Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Fatemeh Hamidi, Fariba Farnaghi, Latif Gachkar
Background: Lead effects on children and pregnant women are grave, and screening tests would be logical to detect high blood lead levels (BLLs) in early stages. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were taken from the pregnant mothers who referred to midwifery clinic with further phone interview postdelivery. Results: In 100 patients evaluated, the mean age was 29 ± 5 years (median interquartile range gestational age of 33 [24, 37] weeks)...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505325/assessment-of-hepatitis-c-risk-factors-in-center-of-iran-a-case-control-study
#17
Faramarz Shahriari-Fard, Sayed Moayed Alavian, Ziba Farajzadegan, Ali Rabiei, Behrooz Ataei, Mehdi Ataie
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain as one of the major public health problems worldwide. The current study aimed at investigating the potential risk factors of HCV+ in a sample of Iranian patients. Materials and Methods: In a case-control study, 436 HCV-infected patients and 531 age-matched HCV antibody negative controls were recruited in a central region of Iran. Sociodemographic characteristics, blood and therapeutic factors, underlying diseases, and behavioral risk factors were evaluated through a standard checklist and compared between two study groups...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505324/abdominal-herniation-associated-with-bullhorn-injury-as-a-separate-entity-from-traumatic-abdominal-wall-hernias
#18
REVIEW
Singh Mathuria Kaushal-Deep, Vikas Singh, Poonam Gupta, Rudra Mani, Mehershree Lodhi
Bullhorn injury is a rare mechanism causing traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH). Bullhorn injury needs to be discussed as a separate sub-entity among TAWHs as the mechanism of injury is such that the great force is generated at a relatively small area of impact for a short duration of time which may lead to muscle defect without compromising integrity of overlying skin (referred to as sheathed goring) leading to herniation of abdominal viscera. The purpose of this review was to discuss abdominal herniation's associated with bullhorn injury as a separate entity from TAWHs; recognize the common presentations, mechanism of injury, and modalities of treatment currently utilized for this rare condition...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294353/changes-in-the-hemoglobin-level-after-one-unit-of-packed-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#19
Parvis Kashefi, Amin Rahmani, Maryam Khalifesoltani
Background: Blood transfusion is essential in severely ill patients whose hemoglobin (Hb) levels are low, but there are some factors that inhibit optimal increase in Hb. The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of increase in Hb levels after packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients and its related factors. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 124 patients admitted to the ICU, and needed PRBC transfusion...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294352/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-as-an-alternative-procedure-of-choice-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#20
REVIEW
Ali Solouki, Mohammad Kermansaravi, Amir Hossein Davarpanah Jazi, Ali Kabir, Taiebeh Mohammadi Farsani, Abdolreza Pazouki
One-anastomosis gastric bypass is an attractive bariatric procedure. It is effective in weight loss and comorbidity resolution. It is a relatively simple and fast operation with low complication rates that make it a suitable option in super-obese individuals. Although not proven yet, there are some concerns about its long-term safety profile in terms of biliary reflux, marginal ulcer, and esophagogastric malignancy. In this article, we review the technique of this procedure and discuss about some practical surgical highlights...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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