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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331522/sexuality-and-elderly-with-chronic-diseases-a-review-of-the-existing-literature
#1
REVIEW
Effat Merghati-Khoei, Arezoo Pirak, Mansoureh Yazdkhasti, Parvaneh Rezasoltani
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy and the growing phenomenon of aging can lead to increased burden of chronic diseases (CDs) which adversely affects the overall health of elderly, their sexuality in particular. Sexual life of an aged population is overlooked in many of the societies. In the present narrative review, we aim to assess the impact of CDs on sexual function of elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used internet databases including PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Google Scholar, SID, Iran Medex, Magiran, IPPF, and UNFPA without time limit...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331521/endoscopic-treatment-for-high-risk-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-epinephrine-alone-with-epinephrine-plus-fresh-frozen-plasma
#2
Mahsa Khodadoostan, Mohammad Karami-Horestani, Ahmad Shavakhi, Vahid Sebghatollahi
BACKGROUND: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a common and potentially life-threatening emergency with substantial mortality. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP), a good source of coagulation factors, might be an ideal injection agent based on its physiologic properties. Therefore, we evaluated the role of FFP as a hemostatic agent in patients with high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2015 to April 2016, 108 consecutive patients with high-risk bleeding ulcers were admitted to our university hospital...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331520/comparison-the-percentage-of-detection-of-periarthritis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-clinical-examination-or-ultrasound-methods
#3
Hadi Karimzadeh, Zahra Seyedbonakdar, Maryam Mousavi, Mehdi Karami
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the percentage of detection of periarthritis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis using clinical examination and ultrasound methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Al-Zahra Hospital (Isfahan, Iran) during 2014-2015. In our study, ninety patients were selected based on the American College of Rheumatology 2010 criteria. All patients were examined by a rheumatologist to find the existence of effusion, and the data were filled in the checklist...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331519/a-pilot-study-of-quality-of-life-in-german-prehospital-emergency-care-physicians
#4
Michael Sand, Schapoor Hessam, Falk G Bechara, Daniel Sand, Christian Vorstius, Michael Bromba, Eggert Stockfleth, Ivy Shiue
BACKGROUND: Quality of life in patients represents an important area of assessment. However, attention to health professionals should be equally important. The literature on the quality of life (QOL) of emergency physicians is scarce. This pilot study investigated QOL in emergency physicians in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from January to June in 2015. We approached the German Association of Emergency Medicine Physicians and two of the largest recruitment agencies for emergency physicians in Germany and invited their members to participate...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331518/the-influence-of-cardiac-function-on-coronary-arterial-enhancement-at-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Maryam Moradi, Peiman Hashemi, Mohammad Momeni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of ejection fraction (EF) on peak aortic time (PAT) and peak aortic enhancement (PAE) during coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty patients (64 men, 56 women) underwent measurement of coronary CTA with a measurement of EF within 3 months of coronary CTA. Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis was used to investigate the relationships between EF, PAT and PAE, and peak attenuation of all coronary arteries...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331517/evaluation-the-effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-on-endothelial-dysfunction-in-preeclamptic-patients
#6
Mohammad Hashemi, Forouz Baktash, Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani, Elahe Zarean, Saeide Bahrani
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia complicates up to 3% of pregnancies in developing countries. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in pathogenesis of preeclampsia. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effect of low-dose aspirin on endothelial dysfunction in preeclamptic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: in this triple-blind randomized clinical trial, enrolled patients were divided randomly into two groups. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 80 mg or placebo will be taken daily by oral administration from the initiation of diagnosis until 2 months after delivery...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331516/immunological-diagnosis-of-human-hydatid-cyst-using-western-immunoblotting-technique
#7
Mahboubeh Hadipour, Mohammad Nazari, Behnam Sanei, Zahra Ghayour, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Hajar Yazdani, Hossein Yousofi Darani
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease with worldwide distribution which is caused by the tapeworms Echinococcus granulosus. Diagnosis of the disease relies on imaging techniques, but the techniques are not able to differentiate the cyst from benign or malignant tumors; hence, appropriate serologic methods are required for the differential diagnosis of the infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, different sheep hydatid cyst antigens probed with thirty sera of patients with hydatid cyst and also thirty human normal sera using Western immunoblotting technique...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331515/anatomical-variation-of-celiac-axis-superior-mesenteric-artery-and-hepatic-artery-evaluation-with-multidetector-computed-tomography-angiography
#8
Maryam Farghadani, Mohammad Momeni, Ali Hekmatnia, Fateme Momeni, Mohammad Mehdi Baradaran Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: The celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and hepatic artery are the most important branches of abdominal aorta due to their vascularization field. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of different anatomical variation of celiac axis, SMA, hepatic artery, and its branches with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography of upper abdomen arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCT of 607 kidney donor and traumatic patients that referred to MDCT unit at Al Zahra Hospital in Isfahan from 2012 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331514/maternal-plasma-nitric-oxide-metabolites-and-cervical-length-assessment-in-predicting-the-tocolytic-therapy-in-preterm-labor-in-isfahan
#9
Zahra Shahshahan, Marjan Nourbakhsh, Fatemeh Eshraghi Jazi
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is the main challenge in prenatal health care, leads to high rate of mortality and increases cost of health services. To evaluate the preterm delivery (PTD)-related risk factors, we decided to measure nitrite oxide metabolites and cervical length (CL) as the diagnostic and predictive tools for PTD in women and response to tocolytic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, sixty women of 18-35 years with first pregnancy during the 24-34 gestational weeks with PTL in case group admitted to the delivery section of Beheshti Hospital, Isfahan, Iran were included...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331513/the-impact-of-vocal-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-and-voice-handicap-in-patients-with-total-laryngectomy
#10
Cristina Ţiple, Tudor Drugan, Florina Veronica Dinescu, Rodica Mureşan, Magdalena Chirilă, Marcel Cosgarea
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) and voice handicap index (VHI) of laryngectomies seem to be relevant regarding voice rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to assess the impact on HRQL and VHI of laryngectomies, following voice rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study done at the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the Emergency County Hospital. Sixty-five laryngectomees were included in this study, of which 62 of them underwent voice rehabilitation...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331512/gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-idiopathic-parkinsonism-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Mehri Salari, Emad Fayyazi, Omid Mirmosayyeb
Currently, gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease (PD) are well-recognized problems and are known to be the initial symptoms in the pathological process that eventually results in PD. Many types of PD-associated GI dysfunctions have been identified, including weight loss, nausea, hypersalivation, dysphagia, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, constipation, defecatory dysfunction, and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. These symptoms can influence on other PD symptoms and are the second most significant predictor of the quality of life of these patients...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331511/efficacy-of-illness-perception-focused-intervention-on-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#12
Reza Bagherian Sararoudi, Maryam Motmaen, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Elnaz Pishghadam, Gholam Reza Kheirabadi
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the major causes of death and disability worldwide, which can reduces quality of life in patients. Some disabilities are depression and anxiety which delay returning to work. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of illness perception focused intervention on quality of life, anxiety, and depression in MI patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial study of 48 recently hospitalized MI patients was conducted (24 in intervention group and 24 in control group)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331510/the-effects-of-flexed-fetal-tucking-and-extended-free-body-postures-on-the-daily-sleep-quantity-of-hospitalized-premature-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Leila Valizadeh, Golnar Ghahremani, Manizheh Mostafa Gharehbaghi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Proper sleep is essential for the development of premature infants. Infants, during hospitalization, might suffer from inappropriate postures and insufficient sleep hours. To compare the daily sleep quantities of premature infants in flexed (facilitated fetal tucking) posture and extended (free body) posture. This study is a randomized clinical trial which was conducted in neonatal ward of Al-Zahra Teaching Hospital of Tabriz, Iran, 2015. Thirty-two premature infants with the age range of 33-36 weeks were selected for the study...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331509/ovarian-cancer-risk-and-nonisoflavone-flavonoids-intake-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#14
REVIEW
Vida Mohammadi, Sirous Dehghani, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated the association between ovarian cancer risk and nonisoflavone flavonoids intake, these findings are inconsistent. This systematic review of published epidemiological studies was conducted to summarize and clarify the evidence on the association between ovarian cancer incidence and nonisoflavone flavonoids intake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and EMBASE databases were searched based on MeSH term (ovarian neoplasm in combination with flavonoids) to identify related English and non-English papers published up to June 2016...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331508/the-transtheoretical-model-health-belief-model-and-breast-cancer-screening-among-iranian-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#15
Ziba Farajzadegan, Fariba Fathollahi-Dehkordi, Simin Hematti, Reza Sirous, Neda Tavakoli, Reza Rouzbahani
BACKGROUND: Participation of Iranian women with a family history of breast cancer in breast cancer screening programs is low. This study evaluates the compliance of women having a family history of breast cancer with clinical breast exam (CBE) according to the stage of transtheoretical model (TTM) and health belief model (HBM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used Persian version of champion's HBM scale to collect factors associated with TTM stages applied to screening from women over 20 years and older...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331507/comparing-the-role-of-standard-references-on-the-prevalence-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Saeed Ghanbari, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic diseases and has a role on high blood pressure, diabetes type II, etc., This review assesses the prevalence of Iranian children obesity and overweight for different age categories and compares the three standard definitions of obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To retrieve desirable studies concerning childhood anthropometric data from different area of Iran, the MEDLINE, Scopus, and different local databases such as Scientific Information database were used...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255328/inserting-central-venous-catheter-in-emergency-conditions-in-coagulopathic-patients-in-comparison-to-noncoagulopathic-patients
#17
Mohammad Nasr-Esfahani, Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Seyed Abbas Mousavi
BACKGROUND: The current study was designed to compare the complications and adverse effects of central venous catheter (CVC) insertion under ultrasound guidance in patients with and without coagulopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial, 59 patients who needed CVC for various reasons were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups of those with and without coagulopathy based on complete blood count, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and international normalized ratio test results, and then, CVC was inserted with ultrasound guidance in both groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255327/effect-of-long-term-vitamin-c-intake-on-vascular-endothelial-function-in-diabetic-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#18
Mohammadreza Sabri, Ghafour Ghaffari, Mahin Hashemipour, Neda Mostofizadeh, Ali Mehrabi Koushki
BACKGROUND: This study attempted to determine the effects of long-term use of Vitamin C on vascular endothelial function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a pilot clinical trial study conducted at Imam Hussein Hospital (Isfahan) in 2014-2015, a total of forty diabetic patients were selected and then assigned randomly into two twenty-subject groups receiving Vitamin C and placebo tablets. The patients were treated with Vitamin C or placebo for 6 months. All patients were examined through echocardiography in terms of cardiac function before and after treatment...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255326/clinical-and-echocardiographic-findings-of-patients-with-suspected-acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-who-underwent-computed-tomography-pulmonary-angiography
#19
Atoosa Adibi, Shadi Nouri, Maryam Moradi, Javad Shahabi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the correlation between clinical and echocardiographic findings and risk factors of patients with suspected acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) who underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 310 hospitalized patients aged >18 years with high clinical suspicion of PTE referred to imaging center of our hospital from different wards for CTPA were enrolled...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255325/progressively-invalidating-orthostatic-hypotension-a-common-symptom-for-a-challenging-diagnosis
#20
Serena Pelusi, Rosa Lombardi, Lorena Airaghi, Larry Burdick, Mario Rango, Alessandra Penatti, Silvia Fargion
We discuss here an uncommon condition of neurogenic hypotension in the context of immunoglobulin light chain (amyloid light-chain) amyloidosis. The most serious feature was autonomic nervous system impairment, mainly characterized by severe refractory orthostatic hypotension, which became progressively invalidating, forcing the patient to bed. Moreover, since the systemic involvement of the disease, the patient presented also diarrhea, dysphagia, asthenia, peripheral edema because of gastrointestinal, and kidney dysfunction...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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