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Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515771/erratum-the-structural-model-of-pain-cognitive-strategies-and-negative-emotions-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 107 in vol. 21, PMID: 28250784.].
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465701/use-of-sedative-drugs-at-reducing-the-side-effects-of-voiding-cystourethrography-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Anahita Alizadeh, Maryam Naseri, Yalda Ravanshad, Shahabaddin Sorouri, Malihe Banihassan, Anoush Azarfar
BACKGROUND: Imaging of the kidneys and urinary tract has a significant and critical role for diagnosis of genitourinary system diseases. Although technological progress goes toward less invasive approaches, some of the current methods are still invasive and annoying. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is the best and most accurate method for diagnosis and grading of vesicoureteral reflux. VCUG is a distressful procedure that gives serious anxiety and pain in a large proportion of children and fear for parents; therefore, using effective sedative drugs with the least side effects is necessary and should be considered...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465700/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disease-characteristics-in-isfahan-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Fereshte Ashtari, Ali Safaei, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mohammad Amin Najafi, Sahar Vesal
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disease (NMOSD) is a severe autoimmune demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system that throughout epidemiological data, it has not been completely determined. The aim of this study was to assess characteristics of NMOSD patients in Isfahan as one of the most prevalent cities for multiple sclerosis in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients diagnosed as neuromyelitis optica (NMO) disease through 5 years enrolled in this study...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465699/transcription-factor-7-like-2-polymorphism-and-context-specific-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-type-2-diabetes-and-dyslipidemia
#4
Abbasali Palizban, Mahnaz Rezaei, Hossein Khanahmad, Mohammad Fazilati
BACKGROUND: The transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) is an element of the Wnt signaling pathway. There is lack of evidence if TCF7L2 has a functional role in lipid metabolism and regulation of the components constitutes the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). The aims of this study were to evaluate whether the risk allele of TCF7L2 gene polymorphism is associated with dyslipidemia and MetSyn. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MetSyn subjects were participated only based on the National Cholesterol Education Program - Third Adult Treatment Panel criteria...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465698/effects-of-atorvastatin-on-biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-amikacin-recipients-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Behrooz Heydari, Hossein Khalili, Mohammad-Taghi Beigmohammadi, Alireza Abdollahi, Iman Karimzadeh
BACKGROUND: The most common clinical indication of aminoglycosides (AG) is the treatment of serious Gram-negative infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate plausible effects of atorvastatin on the biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving amikacin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial, fifty patients (25 in each group) receiving amikacin (15 mg/kg/day) were randomly assigned to either atorvastatin (40 mg/day) or placebo (40 mg/day) groups for 7 days...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465697/the-effect-of-urethral-catheterization-on-the-level-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#6
Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Hojatollah Salimi, Amir Javid, Salman Eslami
BACKGROUND: The normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level in patients with urethral catheterization is a controversy. We designed this study to investigate the effect of nontraumatic urethral catheterization without urinary retention on serum PSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients scheduled for urethral catheterization before elective surgeries were randomly selected and included in the study. They were categorized into two age groups: 40-60 years (Group A) and over 60 years (Group B)...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465696/pimpinella-anisum-l-fruit-chemical-composition-and-effect-on-rat-model-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Ali Asadollahpoor, Mohammad Abdollahi, Roja Rahimi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a group of chronic liver disorders caused by irregular accumulation of fat in liver tissue. The current study aimed to evaluate chemical composition and the effect of fruit extract and essential oil of Pimpinella anisum in experimental model of NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly divided into ten groups, six in each group. NAFLD was induced in rats using choline-deficient diet for 90 days, followed by 30 days of treatment with 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg/day of hydroethanolic extract (AE) as well as 0...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465695/benefits-barriers-and-limitations-on-the-use-of-hospital-incident-command-system
#8
REVIEW
Shahin Shooshtari, Shahram Tofighi, Shirin Abbasi
Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) has been established with the mission of prevention, response, and recovery in hazards. Regarding the key role of hospitals in medical management of events, the present study is aimed at investigating benefits, barriers, and limitations of applying HICS in hospital. Employing a review study, articles related to the aforementioned subject published from 1995 to 2016 were extracted from accredited websites and databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, and SID by searching keywords such as HICS, benefits, barriers, and limitations...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461821/assessment-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-mean-platelet-volume-in-pediatric-familial-mediterranean-fever-patients
#9
Ozge Basaran, Nermin Uncu, Banu Acar Celikel, Fatma Aydın, Nilgun Cakar
BACKGROUND: Blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) both have been used as a simple marker of inflammation in many disorders. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between NLR, MPV, and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the files of FMF patients in pediatric rheumatology outpatient clinic were reviewed. There were 160 participants (68.4%) in the FMF patient group and 74 participants (31...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461820/assessment-of-the-role-of-plasma-nitric-oxide-levels-t-786c-genetic-polymorphism-and-gene-expression-levels-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-development-of-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Khalil Mahmoodi, Mohammad Soleiman Soltanpour, Koorosh Kamali
BACKGROUND: Reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) and the T-786C polymorphism of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been reported as risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) with conflicting results. We investigated the association of plasma NO levels, T-786C genetic polymorphism, and gene expression levels of eNOS with CAD risk in an Iranian subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studied population included 100 patients with angiographically verified CAD and 100 ethnically matched controls...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461819/report-of-slc3a1-rbat-gene-mutations-in-iranian-cystinuria-patients-a-direct-sequencing-study
#11
Samaneh Markazi, Majid Kheirollahi, Abbas Doosti, Mehrdad Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Considering a few studies on the genetic basis of the cystinuria in the Middle East and the population-specific distribution of mutations in the SLC3A1, we tried to find genetic variants in three exons (1, 3, and 8) of SLC3A1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, exons 1, 3, and 8 of SLC3A1 gene of 25 unrelated cystinuria patients searched for genetic variations by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. RESULTS: There were five different variations in our studied population...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461818/the-recurrence-risk-of-genetic-complex-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Mahdi Bijanzadeh
Complex inherited diseases affected by an interaction between collective effects of the genotype at one or multiple loci either to increase or to lower susceptibility to disease, combined with a variety of environmental exposures that may trigger, accelerate, exacerbate, or protect against the disease process. The new aspects of genetic techniques have been opened for diagnosis and analysis of inherited disorders. While appropriate Mendelian laws is applied to estimate the recurrence risk of single gene diseases, using empirical recurrence risks are the most important and available method to evaluate pedigree of complex (multifactorial), chromosomal, and unknown etiology disorders...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461817/anti-ma2-receptor-encephalitis-mimicking-huntington-chorea
#13
Masoud Etemadifar, Mehri Salari, Hossein Badiee, Omid Mirmosayyeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461816/a-review-of-plant-based-compounds-and-medicinal-plants-effective-on-atherosclerosis
#14
REVIEW
Mehrnoosh Sedighi, Mahmoud Bahmani, Sedigheh Asgary, Fatemeh Beyranvand, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Atherosclerosis is one of the most important cardiovascular diseases that involve vessels through the development of fatty streaks and plaques. Plant-based compounds can help treat or prevent atherosclerosis through affecting the involved factors. The main purpose of this review article is to investigate and introduce medicinal plants and their potential activities regarding antioxidant properties, effective on lipids level and development of plaque, atherosclerosis, and progression of atherosclerosis as well as the development of cardiovascular disease and ischemia...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461815/surgical-correction-of-upper-lip-deficit-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-using-dermis-fat-graft
#15
Hossein Abdali, Ali Akbar Ataee Kachuee, Rastin Mohammadi-Mofrad, Mohammad Ali Hoghoughi, Nazgol Esmalian-Afyouni
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess dermis fat graft (DFG) as a choice to correct the tissue deficit in the free border of the upper lip in cleft lip repair surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five individuals who referred to Alzahra Hospital at 2013-2014, with lip deformity following the primary repair surgery of cleft lip underwent surgery by DFG technique. Outcomes were assessed 4 months after the surgery based on comparison of preoperative and postoperative photographs...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458711/urinary-tract-infections-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-1-st-year-after-transplantation
#16
Seyyede Fatemeh Shams, Elham Shaarbaf Eidgahi, Zahra Lotfi, Azad Khaledi, Sepideh Shakeri, Maryam Sheikhi, Afsane Bahrami
BACKGROUND: One of the main causes of adverse complications following kidney transplantation is urinary tract infection (UTI). This study was done to define the incidence rate, clinical profiles, causative microorganisms, and UTI risk factors among kidney transplant recipients in Mashhad city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we perused medical files of 247 kidney recipients who underwent transplant surgery at Mashhad University Montaserie Hospital, during 2012-2014...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458710/tissue-plasminogen-activator-identifying-major-barriers-related-to-intravenous-injection-in-ischemic-acute-cerebral-infraction
#17
Fariborz Khorvash, Fatemeh Heidary, Mohammad Saadatnia, Ahmad Chitsaz, Zahra Tolou-Ghamari
BACKGROUND: According to previous publications, in patients with acute ischemic cerebral infarction, thrombolytic therapy using intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) necessitates precise documentation of symptoms' onset. The aim of this study was to identify major barriers related to the IV-tPA injection in such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between the year 2014-2015, patients with definitive diagnosis of acute cerebral infarction (n = 180) who attended the neurology ward located at the Isfahan Alzahra Hospital were studied...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458709/efficacy-and-safety-of-rituximab-in-neuromyelitis-optica-review-of-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Masoud Etemadifar, Mehri Salari, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Mehdi Serati, Roham Nikkhah, Mozhde Askari, Emad Fayyazi
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with preferential involvement in the optic nerve and spinal cord with a widespread spectrum of clinical features; multiple therapeutic agents have been used with different results. Recent evidence points to B-cell-mediated humoral immunity in the pathogenesis of NMO. Rituximab targets the CD20 antigen on B-cells. Treatment leads to profound B-cell depletion, principally over an antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity mechanism...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458708/femtosecond-laser-arcuate-keratotomy-for-the-correction-of-postkeratoplasty-high-astigmatism-in-keratoconus
#19
Mohammad Naser Hashemian, Habib Ojaghi, Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Firouzeh Rahimi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Mehdi Mazloumi, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
BACKGROUND: Astigmatism is the leading complication in visual recovery after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) and deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK); in this study, we evaluated the outcome of femtosecond laser arcuate keratotomy (FLAK) after DALK and PKP in Iranian keratoconic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective interventional case series, refractive and keratometric predictability, efficacy, and complications of FLAK for postkeratoplasty astigmatism in keratoconus were evaluated; 23 eyes of 23 consecutive patients (mean age of 32...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458707/comparison-of-different-doses-of-subconjunctival-sunitinib-with-bevacizumab-in-the-treatment-of-corneal-neovascularization-in-experimental-rats
#20
Mohammad Nasser Hashemian, Hadi Z Mahrjerdi, Mehdi Mazloumi, Mona S Safizadeh, Yadollah Shakiba, Firouzeh Rahimi, Mohsen Afarideh, Mohamad Ali Zare, Mohammadreza Fallah Tafti, Bahram Bohrani Sepidan, Mohammad Ali Abtahi, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of subconjunctival administration of bevacizumab and different doses of sunitinib malate in reducing corneal neovascularization (CNV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, central corneal cauterization was created in the right eye of fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats. On day 1 (1 week after cauterization), rats were randomly assigned into five treatment groups. Group control (n = 10) received subconjunctival injection of 0...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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