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Annual Review of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734829/latent-growth-and-dynamic-structural-equation-models
#1
Kevin J Grimm, Nilam Ram
Latent growth models make up a class of methods to study within-person change-how it progresses, how it differs across individuals, what are its determinants, and what are its consequences. Latent growth methods have been applied in many domains to examine average and differential responses to interventions and treatments. In this review, we introduce the growth modeling approach to studying change by presenting different models of change and interpretations of their model parameters. We then apply these methods to examining sex differences in the development of binge drinking behavior through adolescence and into adulthood...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734828/social-security-and-disability-due-to-mental-impairment-in-adults
#2
Howard H Goldman, William D Frey, Jarnee K Riley
The Social Security Administration (SSA) oversees two disability programs, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Adults with mental impairments represent a very large component of the programs. Policy makers and SSA are concerned about the accuracy of disability determination and also about low levels of labor force participation among individuals with disabilities. Adults with mental impairments are challenging to assess for work-related functional limitations...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734827/behavioral-addictions-as-mental-disorders-to-be-or-not-to-be
#3
Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith K Ginley
Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734826/introduction
#4
Thomas Widiger, Tyrone D Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579395/polygenic-risk-scores-in-clinical-psychology-bridging-genomic-risk-to-individual-differences
#5
Ryan Bogdan, David A A Baranger, Arpana Agrawal
Genomewide association studies (GWASs) across psychiatric phenotypes have shown that common genetic variants generally confer risk with small effect sizes (odds ratio < 1.1) that additively contribute to polygenic risk. Summary statistics derived from large discovery GWASs can be used to generate polygenic risk scores (PRS) in independent, target data sets to examine correlates of polygenic disorder liability (e.g., does genetic liability to schizophrenia predict cognition?). The intuitive appeal and generalizability of PRS have led to their widespread use and new insights into mechanisms of polygenic liability...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494258/treatment-selection-in-depression
#6
Zachary D Cohen, Robert J DeRubeis
Mental health researchers and clinicians have long sought answers to the question "What works for whom?" The goal of precision medicine is to provide evidence-based answers to this question. Treatment selection in depression aims to help each individual receive the treatment, among the available options, that is most likely to lead to a positive outcome for them. Although patient variables that are predictive of response to treatment have been identified, this knowledge has not yet translated into real-world treatment recommendations...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494257/stress-telomeres-and-psychopathology-toward-a-deeper-understanding-of-a-triad-of-early-aging
#7
Elissa S Epel, Aric A Prather
Telomeres play an important part in aging and show relationships to lifetime adversity, particularly childhood adversity. Meta-analyses demonstrate reliable associations between psychopathology (primarily depression) and shorter telomere length, but the nature of this relationship has not been fully understood. Here, we review and evaluate the evidence for impaired telomere biology as a consequence of psychopathology or as a contributing factor, and the important mediating roles of chronic psychological stress and impaired allostasis...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401044/machine-learning-approaches-for-clinical-psychology-and-psychiatry
#8
Dominic B Dwyer, Peter Falkai, Nikolaos Koutsouleris
Machine learning approaches for clinical psychology and psychiatry explicitly focus on learning statistical functions from multidimensional data sets to make generalizable predictions about individuals. The goal of this review is to provide an accessible understanding of why this approach is important for future practice given its potential to augment decisions associated with the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of people suffering from mental illness using clinical and biological data. To this end, the limitations of current statistical paradigms in mental health research are critiqued, and an introduction is provided to critical machine learning methods used in clinical studies...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220204/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-controversy-developmental-mechanisms-and-multiple-levels-of-analysis
#9
Stephen P Hinshaw
Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental trajectories, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401043/lay-health-worker-involvement-in-evidence-based-treatment-delivery-a-conceptual-model-to-address-disparities-in-care
#10
Miya L Barnett, Anna S Lau, Jeanne Miranda
Mobilizing lay health workers (LHWs) to deliver evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is a workforce strategy to address mental health disparities in underserved communities. LHWs can be leveraged to support access to EBTs in a variety of ways, from conducting outreach for EBTs delivered by professional providers to serving as the primary treatment providers. This critical review provides an overview of how LHW-supported or -delivered EBTs have been leveraged in low-, middle-, and high-income countries (HICs). We propose a conceptual model for LHWs to address drivers of service disparities, which relate to the overall supply of the EBTs provided and the demand for these treatments...
January 31, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401045/antisocial-personality-as-a-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#11
Adrian Raine
Although antisocial personality disorder (APD) is one of the most researched personality disorders, it is still surprisingly resistant to treatment. This lack of clinical progress may be partly due to the failure to view APD as a neurodevelopmental disorder and to consider early interventions. After first defining what constitutes a neurodevelopmental disorder, this review evaluates the extent to which APD meets neurodevelopmental criteria, covering structural and functional brain imaging, neurocognition, genetics and epigenetics, neurochemistry, and early health risk factors...
January 25, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401047/evolutionary-perspectives-on-genetic-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-psychiatric-disorders
#12
Matthew C Keller
Evolutionary medicine uses evolutionary theory to help elucidate why humans are vulnerable to disease and disorders. I discuss two different types of evolutionary explanations that have been used to help understand human psychiatric disorders. First, a consistent finding is that psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable, and many, such as schizophrenia, are also highly disabling and appear to decrease Darwinian fitness. Models used in evolutionary genetics to understand why genetic variation exists in fitness-related traits can be used to understand why risk alleles for psychiatric disorders persist in the population...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401046/culture-s-influence-on-stressors-parental-socialization-and-developmental-processes-in-the-mental-health-of-children-of-immigrants
#13
Su Yeong Kim, Seth J Schwartz, Krista M Perreira, Linda P Juang
Children of immigrants represent one in four children in the United States and will represent one in three children by 2050. Children of Asian and Latino immigrants together represent the majority of children of immigrants in the United States. Children of immigrants may be immigrants themselves, or they may have been born in the United States to foreign-born parents; their status may be legal or undocumented. We review transcultural and culture-specific factors that influence the various ways in which stressors are experienced; we also discuss the ways in which parental socialization and developmental processes function as risk factors or protective factors in their influence on the mental health of children of immigrants...
January 24, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356577/history-of-the-treatment-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-s
#14
Peggy J Kleinplatz
This article reviews the history of the treatment of women's sexual problems from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. The contextual nature of determining what constitutes female sexual psychopathology is highlighted. Conceptions of normal sexuality are subject to cultural vagaries, making it difficult to identify female sexual dysfunctions. A survey of the inclusion, removal, and collapsing of women's sexual diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders from 1952 to 2013 illuminates the biases in the various editions...
January 22, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350997/realizing-the-mass-public-benefit-of-evidence-based-psychological-therapies-the-iapt-program
#15
David M Clark
Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Currently IAPT treats over 560,000 patients per year, obtains clinical outcome data on 98...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350996/conduct-disorders-and-neighborhood-effects
#16
Wesley G Jennings, Nicholas M Perez, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez
There has been a considerable amount of scholarly attention to the relationship between neighborhood effects and conduct disorder, particularly in recent years. Having said this, it has been nearly two decades since a comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted. Relying on a detailed and comprehensive search strategy and inclusion criteria, this article offers a systematic and interdisciplinary review of 47 empirical studies that have examined neighborhood effects and conduct disorder. Described results suggest that there are generally robust linkages between adverse neighborhood factors and conduct disorder and externalizing behavior problems, as 67 of the 93 (72...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345974/cognitive-effects-of-cancer-and-cancer-treatments
#17
Tim A Ahles, James C Root
As the population of cancer survivors has grown into the millions, there has been increasing emphasis on understanding how the late effects of treatment affect survivors' ability to return to work/school, their capacity to function and live independently, and their overall quality of life. This review focuses on cognitive change associated with cancer and cancer treatments. Research in this area has progressed from a pharmacotoxicology perspective to a view of the cognitive change as a complex interaction of aspects of the treatment, vulnerability factors that increase risk for posttreatment cognitive decline, cancer biology, and the biology of aging...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328780/risk-factors-for-depression-an-autobiographical-review
#18
Constance Hammen
I have been given a priceless opportunity to reflect on my career in the remarkably productive field of risk factors for depression. Psychological research on depression exploded in the early years of my work. I try to give an account of the choices and challenges, and reflect on the influences, some calculated and some serendipitous, that determined the paths I have followed. I focus mostly on the robust depression risk factors that have influenced my research, including dysfunctional cognitions, stressful life events and circumstances, parental depression, interpersonal dysfunction, and being female, and I cover some of what I did but also the influential work of others...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328779/transforming-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-the-united-states-the-raise-initiative
#19
Lisa B Dixon, Howard Goldman, Vinod H Srihari, John M Kane
The schizophrenia spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental illnesses with a lifetime prevalence near 1%, producing extensive functional impairment and low expectations for recovery. Until recently, treatment in the United States has largely attempted to stabilize individuals with chronic schizophrenia. The identification and promotion of evidence-based practices for schizophrenia via the Patient Outcomes Research Team, combined with international studies supporting the value of early intervention, provided the foundation for the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) project...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482691/the-philosophy-of-nosology
#20
REVIEW
Peter Zachar, Kenneth S Kendler
Many scholars believe that psychiatric nosology is undergoing a crisis of confidence. Some of the issues up for debate hark back to the introduction of the natural history approach to classification in the seventeenth century. Natural histories map sameness and difference rather than speculate about causes. In contrast, the natural classification approach aspires to carve nature at the joints by demarcating classifications by causes. Natural classifications are more ideal scientifically, but speculation about causality has had a poor track record in psychiatric nosology...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
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