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Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424474/a-critical-review-of-the-application-of-polymer-of-low-concern-and-regulatory-criteria-to-fluoropolymers
#1
REVIEW
Barbara J Henry, Joseph P Carlin, Jon A Hammerschmidt, Robert C Buck, L William Buxton, Heidelore Fiedler, Jennifer Seed, Oscar Hernandez
Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of fluorinated substances that are in the focus of researchers and regulators due to widespread presence in the environment and biota, including humans, of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Fluoropolymers, high molecular weight polymers within the PFAS group, have unique properties that constitute a distinct class within the PFAS group. Fluoropolymers have thermal, chemical, photochemical, hydrolytic, oxidative and biological stability...
February 9, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418069/factors-that-influence-public-awareness-of-domestic-waste-characteristics-and-management-in-rural-areas
#2
Zhiyong Han, Qingqing Duan, Yongqiang Fei, Dan Zeng, Guozhong Shi, Haimei Li, Meilun Hu
Public awareness of domestic waste characteristics and management (PADWCM) is a prerequisite for a domestic waste management (DWM) plan. In this study, we considered China as a typical example of developing countries to investigate the public perception of environmental pollution (PEP), PADWCM, and its socioeconomic factors using questionnaires and statistical methods. The results indicated that the public PEP was mainly due to obvious environmental contamination in local villages and the PADWCM is still inadequate in rural areas...
February 8, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418066/integrating-environmental-monitoring-with-cumulative-effects-management-and-decision-making
#3
Joshua G Cronmiller, Bram F Noble
Cumulative effects (CE) monitoring is foundational to emerging regional and watershed CE management frameworks, yet monitoring is often poorly integrated with cumulative effects management and decision-making processes. The challenges are largely institutional and organizational, more so than scientific or technical. Calls for improved integration of monitoring with CE management and decision-making are not new, but there has been limited research on how best to integrate environmental monitoring programs to ensure credible CE science, and deliver results that respond to the more immediate questions and needs of regulatory decision makers...
February 8, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400910/environmental-dredging-residual-generation-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Clay Patmont, Paul LaRosa, Raghav Narayanan, Casey Forrest
The presence and magnitude of sediment contamination remaining in a completed dredge area can often dictate the success of an environmental dredging project. The need to better understand and manage this remaining contamination, referred to as post-dredging residuals, has increasingly been recognized by practitioners and investigators. Based on recent dredging projects with robust characterization programs, it is now understood that the residual contamination layer in the post-dredging sediment comprises a mixture of contaminated sediments that originate from throughout the dredge cut...
February 5, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334170/representing-causal-knowledge-in-environmental-policy-interventions-advantages-and-opportunities-for-qualitative-influence-diagram-applications
#5
John F Carriger, Brian E Dyson, William H Benson
This article develops and explores a methodology for using qualitative influence diagrams in environmental policy and management to support decision making efforts that minimize risk and increase resiliency. Influence diagrams are representations of the conditional aspects of a problem domain. Their graphical properties are useful for structuring causal knowledge relevant to policy interventions and can be used to enhance inference and inclusivity of multiple viewpoints. Qualitative components of influence diagrams are beneficial tools for identifying and examining the interactions among the critical variables in complex policy development and implementation...
January 15, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334168/representing-causal-knowledge-in-environmental-policy-interventions-advantages-and-opportunities-for-qualitative-influence-diagram-applications
#6
John F Carriger, Brian E Dyson, William H Benson
This article develops and explores a methodology for using qualitative influence diagrams in environmental policy and management to support decision making efforts that minimize risk and increase resiliency. Influence diagrams are representations of the conditional aspects of a problem domain. Their graphical properties are useful for structuring causal knowledge relevant to policy interventions and can be used to enhance inference and inclusivity of multiple viewpoints. Qualitative components of influence diagrams are beneficial tools for identifying and examining the interactions among the critical variables in complex policy development and implementation...
January 15, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271573/a-framework-for-linking-population-model-development-with-ecological-risk-assessment-objectives
#7
Sandy Raimondo, Matthew Etterson, Nathan Pollesch, Kristina Garber, Andrew Kanarek, Wade Lehmann, Jill Awkerman
The value of models that link organism-level impacts to the responses of a population in ecological risk assessments (ERA) has been demonstrated extensively over the past few decades. There is little debate about the utility of these models to translate multiple organism-level endpoints into a holistic interpretation of effect to the population; however, there continues to be a struggle for actual application of these models as a common practice in ERA. While general frameworks for developing models for ERA have been proposed, there is limited guidance on when models should be used, in what form, and how to interpret model output to inform the risk manager's decision...
December 22, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240307/use-and-limitations-of-offsite-consequence-analysis-tools-from-south-korea-and-the-united-states-in-hydrogen-fluoride-accidental-release
#8
Min-Uk Kim, Sang-Hoon Byeon
We investigated the characteristics and limitations in the event of hydrofluoric acid (HF) leakage by comparing and analyzing of the offsite consequence analysis (OCA) tools based on the chemical plant operating conditions. We reviewed the tools Korea Offsite Risk Assessment (KORA) from South Korea and RMP*CompTM and Areal Location of Hazardous Atmospheres (ALOHA) from the United States. The scenario studied was based on a leak event from a 50% HF aqueous solution storage tank, and the operating conditions taken into consideration were the operating temperature and dike installation conditions...
December 14, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193832/decision-making-for-independent-municipal-action
#9
Margaret Kurth, Cate Fox-Lent, Maureen Golan, Igor Linkov
Municipalities and cities face myriad challenges with regard to planning; decisions that will have long-standing consequences need to be made in the context of pressing present concerns, constrained budgets, and uncertainty about the future under climate changes. Compounding the challenge may be a lack of clear signals from the state and federal leadership on investment priorities. This paper contends that existing strategies from decision science can prove useful for local governments as they seek actions that are robust to uncertain futures and broadly beneficial across sectors and time horizons...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193759/swat-model-predictions-of-annual-maximum-pesticide-concentrations-in-high-vulnerability-watersheds
#10
Michael F Winchell, Natalia Peranginangin, Raghavan Srinivasan, Wenlin Chen
Recent national regulatory assessments of potential pesticide exposure of threatened and endangered species in aquatic habitats have led to increased need for watershed-scale predictions of pesticide concentrations in flowing water bodies. This study was conducted to assess the ability of the un-calibrated Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to predict annual maximum pesticide concentrations in the flowing water bodies of highly vulnerable small- to medium-sized watersheds. SWAT was applied to 27 watersheds, largely within the Midwest corn belt of the US, ranging from 20-386 km2 , and evaluated using consistent input datasets and an un-calibrated parameterization approach...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193745/us-news-media-and-climate-change-in-the-era-of-us-president-trump
#11
David J Park
The Trump administration's strategy to disengage and downplay the Paris Climate Agreement will likely result in a slight decrease in the already low levels of US news media global warming coverage. This is because significant limitations with the news media's ability to adequately cover climate change predated the administration. First, studies indicate that advertising interests and editors have always challenged journalists' abilities to adequately report on climate change issues. Instead of climate change stories, editors often prefer more sensational topics that garner higher ratings and approval with advertisers...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193695/climate-conditions-and-changes-affect-microalgae-communities%C3%A2-should-we-worry
#12
Gemma Giménez Papiol
Microalgae play a pivotal role in the regulation of Earth's climate and its cycles, but are also affected by climate change, mainly by changes in temperature, light, ocean acidification, water stratification and precipitation-induced nutrient inputs. The changes and impacts on microalgae communities are difficult to study, predict and manage; but there is no doubt that there will be changes. These changes will have impacts beyond microalgae communities and many of them will be negative. Some actions are currently ongoing for the mitigation of some of the negative impacts, such as Harmful Algal Blooms and water quality, but global efforts for reducing CO2 emissions, temperature rises and ocean acidification are paramount for reducing the impact of climate change on microalgae communities, and eventually, on human wellbeing...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193692/impact-of-african-traditional-worldviews-on-climate-change-adaptation
#13
Edmond Sanganyado, Charles Teta, Busani Masiri
Recent studies showed cultural worldviews are a key determinant of environmental risk perceptions; thus, they could influence climate change adaptation strategies. African traditional worldviews encourage harmony between humans and the environment through a complex metaphysical belief system transmitted through folklore, taboos, and traditional knowledge. However, African traditional worldviews hold a belief in traditional gods that was shown to have a low connectedness to nature and low willingness to change...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193666/shifts-in-air-temperature-and-high-magnitude-winter-precipitation-events-in-coastal-north-america-implications-for-environmental-assessment-and-management
#14
Colin Fraser, Scott Jackson
This commentary examines recent shifts in air temperature data coinciding with high-magnitude precipitation events at climate stations spanning an elevational and longitudinal gradient on British Columbia's south coast. Results presented show that high-magnitude winter precipitation events are occurring on the south coast of British Columbia under progressively warmer conditions. In the future, proportionally more winter precipitation is anticipated to report as rainfall versus snow, and over time these changes will have a marked impact on the snow-melt dominated hydrographs that characterize local watersheds...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171160/joining-the-dots-between-omics-and-environmental-management
#15
Kenneth M Y Leung
With the rapid advancement of DNA sequencing technologies and substantial reduction of their running costs, environmental genomics and transcriptomics become more affordable and popular in environmental toxicology. In parallel, there are also speedy improvements of mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, enabling high-throughput analyses of proteins and metabolites in biological samples and promoting research studies in proteomics and metabolomics. By applying these high throughput omics technologies, researchers can quickly generate an unprecedentedly vast amount of biological data that may be useful to environmental management...
November 24, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446882/learned-discourses-timely-scientific-opinions
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446881/-zweckoptimismus-and-the-paris-process-will-not-save-the-world-from-climate-catastrophe
#17
Raymond Clémençon
Politicians, government officials, business representatives, and nongovernmental climate activists all in various ways emphasize what they see as progress being made in the aftermath of the Paris Agreement, even if they continue to warn of the dire consequences of business as usual. Indeed, there is no lack of encouraging private and public sector initiatives on climate change. Some macro trends seem to be moving in the right direction, as well. But, closer scrutiny shows that these positive trends are still far from adding up to the necessary fundamental shift in the global energy economy...
March 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446880/challenges-associated-with-performing-environmental-research-on-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-in-aquatic-environments
#18
Huanhua Wang, Kay T Ho, Fengchang Wu, Robert M Burgess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446879/sibling-rivalry-peace-love-and-environmental-debate-in-the-21-st-century
#19
Richard A Brain, Roslynn Gh Brain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446878/communicating-environmental-sciences-public-discourse-and-policy-development
#20
EDITORIAL
Roberta Attanasio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
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