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Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research

Domenico Grieco, Zefferino Palamà, Alessio Borrelli, Ermenegildo De Ruvo, Luigi Sciarra, Antonio Scarà, Emilia Goanta, Vito Calabrese, Paolo Pozzilli, Germano Di Sciascio, Leonardo Calò
Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) are related to atrial fibrosis, but their ablation has not yet shown superiority. The aim of the study was to compare, in terms of clinical outcome, two strategies of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM): pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) vs. PVI + CFAEs. Compared to an historical population of patient with paroxysmal AF and without DM, a higher percentage of patients with DM showed more than 25% of atrial area interested by CFAEs (study population, 58% vs historical group, 15%; p < 0...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Selthofer-Relatić K, Radić R, Stupin A, Šišljagić V, Bošnjak I, Bulj N, Selthofer R, Delić Brkljačić D
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-related atherosclerosis is a systemic disease with a background connected to multiple metabolic-neurohumoral pathways. The leptin/adiponectin ratio has been suggested as an atherosclerotic marker in obese patients. The aim of this study was to assess (1) the significance of the L/A ratio in overweight subjects, (2) the relation with anthropometric/metabolic parameters and (3) gender difference. METHOD: The study included 80 adult males and females, overweight, non-diabetic patients...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Smriti Badhwar, Dinu S Chandran, Ashok Kumar Jaryal, Rajiv Narang, Kishore Kumar Deepak
The interrelationship between endothelial function and arterial stiffness may be different for central and peripheral arteries due to their structural and functional differences. The study aims to assess the interrelationship between central and peripheral vascular function and haemodynamics in metabolic syndrome. Thirty-seven patients [63.0 (57.5-66.0) years, 68.4% males] of metabolic syndrome (National Cholesterol Education Program - Adult Treatment Panel-III criteria) were studied. Carotid-femoral, carotid-radial pulse wave velocity and augmentation index (AIx@75) were assessed using applanation tonometry...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Zhenzhou Zhao, Xuejie Li, Muwei Li
In the paper entailed 'Hsa-circRNA11783-2 in peripheral blood is correlated with coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus', we illustrated the correlation of circRNA with T2DM and CAD. We used the common method - Q-PCR to select differentially expressed circular RNA (differentially expressedgenes(DEGs)), with a criteria of fold change>2 and unadjusted p values < 0.05 in expression. When the candidate RNAs have been narrowed down by GO and Pathway analysis, Q-PCR is a good verification method, although the idea that using Q-PCR to verify all the DEGs is still unrealistic...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Jacek Ziaja, Adrian P Kowalik, Aureliusz Kolonko, Dorota Kamińska, Aleksander J Owczarek, Agata Kujawa-Szewieczek, Mariusz A Kusztal, Joanna Badura, Dominika Bożek-Pająk, Piotr Choręza, Agnieszka Zakrzewska, Robert Król, Stefan Chłopicki, Marian Klinger, Andrzej Więcek, Jerzy Chudek, Lech Cierpka
The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of simultaneous pancreas-kidney or kidney transplantation on endothelial function and systemic inflammation in type 1 diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease. In 39 simultaneous pancreas-kidney, 39 type 1 diabetic kidney and 52 non-diabetic kidney recipients, flow-mediated dilatation was measured. Additionally, blood glycated haemoglobin, serum creatinine and lipids, plasma nitrites [Formula: see text] and nitrates, asymmetric dimethylarginine, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin 1β and interleukin 6 concentrations were assessed...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Qiong Chen, Hailan Yang, Yongliang Feng, Ping Zhang, Weiwei Wu, Shuzhen Li, Brian Thompson, Xin Wang, Tingting Peng, Fang Wang, Bingjie Xie, Pengge Guo, Mei Li, Ying Wang, Nan Zhao, Suping Wang, Yawei Zhang
Gestational diabetes mellitus is a growing public health concern due to its large disease burden; however, the underlying pathophysiology remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the relationship between 107 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in insulin signalling pathway genes and gestational diabetes mellitus risk using a nested case-control study. The SOS1 rs7598922 GA and AA genotype were statistically significantly associated with reduced gestational diabetes mellitus risk ( ptrend = 0.0006) compared with GG genotype...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Hyun Yoon, Mi Young Gi, Ju Ae Cha, Chan Uk Yoo, Sang Muk Park
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the association of metabolic syndrome and metabolic syndrome score with the predicted forced vital capacity and predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s) values in Korean non-smoking adults. METHODS: We analysed data obtained from 6684 adults during the 2013-2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. RESULTS: After adjustment for related variables, metabolic syndrome ( p < 0...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Yi-Jie Peng, Meng-Ju Tsai
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of metabolic control on macular thickness measured using optical coherence tomography in patients with diabetic retinopathy with or without macular oedema. METHODS: A total of 124 patients with diabetic retinopathy ( n = 70 without macular oedema and n = 54 with macular oedema) were enrolled. Optical coherence tomography parameters measured included central macular thickness and total macular volume. Metabolic factors with correlation to optical coherence tomography parameters were fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein and estimated glomerular filtration rate...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Alexander S Harrison, Patrick Doherty, Anne Phillips
BACKGROUND: UK cardiac rehabilitation has reached for the first time 50% uptake in 2016; however, this still leaves 50% of the eligible group not starting cardiac rehabilitation. The characteristics of patients missing cardiac rehabilitation are relatively unknown with some studies in America suggesting that patients with diabetes have a reduced likelihood of joining cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: This study used routinely collected data from the National Audit of Cardiac Rehabilitation to investigate proportional differences in patients with cardiovascular disease with, and without, diabetes taking up the offer of cardiac rehabilitation...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Felix Aberer, Norbert Joachim Tripolt, Hubert Scharnagl, Julian Zedler, Michaela Eder, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Tatjana Stojakovic, Harald Sourij
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus face an increased risk of cardiovascular events compared to non-diabetic counterparts. Chronic inflammation and activation of the immune system, including B-lymphocyte maturation is believed to play a role in atherosclerosis. Recent investigations suggest combined serum free light chains as a potential biomarker for cardiovascular events. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the association of combined serum free light chain with carotid atherosclerosis in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Stephen J McCall, Turkiah A Alanazi, Allan B Clark, Stanley D Musgrave, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Max O Bachmann, Anthony K Metcalf, Kristian M Bowles, Mamas A Mamas, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: We assessed the association between admission blood glucose levels and acute stroke mortality and examined whether there was any incremental value of adding glucose status to the validated acute stroke mortality predictor - the SOAR (stroke subtype, Oxford Community Stroke Project classification, age, and pre-stroke modified Rankin) score. METHODS: Data from Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital stroke and Transient Ischaemic Attack register (2003-2013) and Anglia Stroke Clinical Network Evaluation Study (2009-2012) were analysed...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Cong Zeng, Chunyuan Guo, Juan Cai, Chengyuan Tang, Zheng Dong
Sclerostin, a potent soluble inhibitor of the Wnt signalling pathway, is known to inhibit bone formation by suppressing osteocytes differentiation and function. Patients with chronic kidney disease have high levels of serum sclerostin. Sclerostin has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification, which may promote the cardiovascular events of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease patients. However, the role of sclerostin in vascular calcification and clinical prognosis in chronic kidney disease remains elusive...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Tsuneo Takenaka, Yoichi Ohno, Hiromichi Suzuki
AIMS: To assess the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitors on central blood pressure, an important determinant of cardiovascular events. METHODS: Canagliflozin, Empagliflozin or Luseogliflozin was given for 102 type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension and nephropathy. Central blood pressure was evaluated by radial tonometry. Clinical parameters were followed for 6 months. RESULTS: Three differing sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 inhibitors similarly reduced brachial and central blood pressures, casual blood sugar, haemoglobin A1c, estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria without significant changes in pulse rate and lipid profiles...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Anthony Tl Chao, Sum Chee Fang, Benjamin Cc Lam, Anton Ks Cheng, Serena Km Low, Lim Su Chi
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of bariatric surgery on albuminuria in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of clinical records of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had either micro- or macroalbuminuria and had undergone various bariatric surgery were retrieved from a local hospital database. Their clinical data from follow-up appointments including albuminuria were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 46 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 15 subjects had diabetic nephropathy and had pre- and post-bariatric surgery urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio data available for analysis; 13 out of the 15 subjects (86...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Waldemar Wierzba, Andrzej Sliwczynski, Jaroslaw Pinkas, Arkadiusz Jawien, Waldemar Karnafel
This publication is a commentary on the Letter to the Editor by Juliette Raffort and Fabien Lareyre. This article clarifies a number of concerns about the method of calculating the index of prevalence of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The method of qualifying patients for the study and the method of calculating the index of prevalence of ruptured AAA in cohorts of diabetic and non-diabetic patients was presented. Most researchers calculate the Index of Prevalence per 100,000 of the general population...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Andy Menke, Keith F Rust, Catherine C Cowie
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of diabetes using 2-h plasma glucose among people who otherwise would be categorized as having prediabetes based on A1c and fasting glucose, and to determine whether those people were more likely to have cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Among 3644 adults with prediabetes based on A1c and fasting glucose in the 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional survey of the US general population, we estimated the percentage who would be categorized as having diabetes based on having a 2-h plasma glucose ⩾200 mg/dL...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Ian Ackers, Ramiro Malgor
Chronic diseases account for approximately 45% of all deaths in developed countries and are particularly prevalent in countries with the most sophisticated and robust public health systems. Chronic metabolic diseases, specifically lifestyle-related diseases pertaining to diet and exercise, continue to be difficult to treat clinically. The most prevalent of these chronic metabolic diseases include obesity, diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease and will be the focus of this review...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Spyridon N Karras, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Vasiliki Antonopoulou, Xanthippi Tsekmekidou, Theocharis Koufakis, Dimitrios G Goulis, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
BACKGROUND: The combined effect of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone on glucose homeostasis has not been adequately investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the role of parathyroid hormone/vitamin D axis on glucose homeostasis in elderly persons with prediabetes. METHODS: Patients with prediabetes ( n = 144) and healthy age-matched controls ( n = 81) were included in this cross-sectional study. Study parameters included anthropometric characteristics, morning fasting glucose (fasting plasma glucose), insulin (fasting plasma insulin), parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Chenyu Li, Long Zhao, Wei Jiang, Lin Che, Yan Xu
We read with great interest the article by Li et al. The results are illuminating for understanding the relationship among Hsa-circRNA11783-2, coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, from our perspective, the bioinformatics analyses need further context as the statistics for differential fold changes in expression data are not explained fully. The authors seem to use unadjusted p values for detecting differentially expressed circular RNA (differentially expressed genes (DEGs)) between the control, CAD and T2DM group...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Peter J Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
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