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European Journal of Ageing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804401/being-slower-feeling-older-experimentally-induced-cognitive-aging-experiences-have-limited-impact-on-subjective-age
#1
Martina Gabrian, Hans-Werner Wahl
Initial experimental research has shown that subjective age may change in response to induced aging experiences, but replication and extension are needed. The present study investigates if age-related cognitive gain or loss experiences evoke decreases/increases in subjective age. A multidimensional subjective age measure was used to explore domain-specific internalization effects. 78 individuals aged 59-70 years were randomly assigned to two experimental conditions and a control group. Participants took a cognitive attention test and received gain-oriented feedback on their accuracy or loss-oriented feedback on their processing speed...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804400/differential-age-related-changes-in-localizing-a-target-among-distractors-across-an-extended-visual-field
#2
Jing Feng, Fergus I M Craik, Brian Levine, Sylvain Moreno, Gary Naglie, HeeSun Choi
Age differences in the spatial distribution of attention over a wide field of view have only been described in terms of the spatial extent, leaving the topographical aspect unexplored. This study examined age differences between younger and older adults in good general health in an important topographical characteristic, the asymmetry between the upper and lower visual fields. In Experiment 1, we found age differences across the entire attentional visual field. In addition, age differences were greater in the upper compared to the lower field...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804399/care-service-use-in-2-years-preceding-suicide-among-older-adults-comparison-with-those-who-died-a-natural-death-and-those-who-lived-longer
#3
Leena Forma, Mari Aaltonen, Jutta Pulkki, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen, Marja Jylhä
The aim of the study is (1) to describe and analyse health and social service use and medicine purchases in the last 2 years of life among older adults who died by suicide and (2) to compare use and purchases between three groups: those who died by suicide, died a natural death or who lived longer. Nation-wide Finnish register data were used. The data consist of 316,639 decedents who died at the age of 70 years or older in 1998-2008 and 222,967 people who lived longer. Use of hospital, long-term care and home care, and the purchase of prescribed psychotropic medications were studied for the 2-year period...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804398/the-transfer-of-skills-from-cognitive-and-physical-training-to-activities-of-daily-living-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Magdalena Hagovska, Iveta Nagyova
Ageing is associated with the deterioration of all cognitive functions, including attention, memory and psychomotor speed. It has not yet been clearly confirmed whether the effects of cognitive and physical interventions can improve activities of daily living (ADL). This study compared the effectiveness of cognitive and physical training on cognitive functions and the transfer to ADL. Eighty older people with mild cognitive impairment (mean age 67.07 ± 4.3 years) were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 40)...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804397/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-on-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemics-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-canada
#5
Lia Gentil, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Préville
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Canada, and nonadherence to oral hypoglycemics is a common problem among older adults. This study aims to document the impact of depression and anxiety disorders on adherence to oral hypoglycemics in older adults with diabetes mellitus. Data used in this study came from the longitudinal Quebec survey on senior's health (Enquête sur la Santé des Ainés), using a representative sample of 2811 older adults aged 65 and over. The final sample for analysis consisted of 301 patients who received oral hypoglycemic pharmacotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579936/validation-of-abridged-mini-mental-state-examination-scales-using-population-based-data-from-sweden-and-usa
#6
Malin Christina Ericsson, Margaret Gatz, Ingemar Kåreholt, Marti G Parker, Stefan Fors
The objective of this study is to validate two abridged versions of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE): one intended for use in face-to-face interviews, and the other developed for telephonic interviews, using data from Sweden and the US to validate the abridged scales against dementia diagnoses as well as to compare their performance to that of the full MMSE scale. The abridged versions were based on eight domains from the original MMSE scale. The domains included in the MMSE-SF were registration, orientation, delayed recall, attention, and visual spatial ability...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579935/smoking-cessation-among-european-older-adults-the-contributions-of-marital-and-employment-transitions-by-gender
#7
Sergi Trias-Llimós, Magdalena M Muszyńska, Antonio D Cámara, Fanny Janssen
Knowledge about the potential effects of stressful events on smoking cessation is helpful for the design of health interventions. Previous studies on this topic tended to group together adults of all ages and of both genders. We investigate the contribution of marital and employment losses on smoking cessation by gender, specifically among older adults in Europe. We used panel data from waves 4 (2011) and 5 (2013) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe for 3345 male and 3115 female smokers at baseline aged 50 and over from 13 countries...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579934/caring-too-much-lack-of-public-services-to-older-people-reduces-attendance-at-work-among-their-children
#8
Heidi Gautun, Christopher Bratt
The need to provide care for older people can put a strain on their adult children, potentially interfering with their work attendance. We tested the hypothesis that public care for older people (nursing homes or home care services) would moderate the association between having an older parent in need of care and reduced work attendance among the adult children. The analysis used data from a survey of Norwegian employees aged 45-65 (N = 529). Institutional care for older people in need of care (i.e. nursing homes) was associated with improved work attendance among their children-their daughters in particular...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579933/changes-in-admission-to-long-term-care-institutions-in-the-netherlands-comparing-two-cohorts-over-the-period-1996-1999-and-2006-2009
#9
Peter Alders, Hannie C Comijs, Dorly J H Deeg
Using data from two cohorts, we examine to what extent a decline in institutional care in the Netherlands is associated with changes in the need for care and/or societal factors. We compared older adults, aged 65-89, who were admitted to a long-term care (LTC) institution in the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009. Using the Andersen model, we tested per block of predisposing, enabling and need factors, which factors were significant predictors of admission to institutional care. With a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition regression, we decomposed the difference in admission to an LTC institution between the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009 into a part that is due to differences in health needs and other factors such as effect of policy, social values, and technology...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579932/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-loneliness-among-older-adults
#10
Patrick Rouxel, Anja Heilmann, Panayotes Demakakos, Jun Aida, Georgios Tsakos, Richard G Watt
Loneliness is a serious concern in aging populations. The key risk factors include poor health, depression, poor material circumstances, and low social participation and social support. Oral disease and tooth loss have a significant negative impact on the quality of life and well-being of older adults. However, there is a lack of studies relating oral health to loneliness. This study investigated the association between oral health-related quality of life (through the use of the oral impact on daily performances-OIDP-measure) and loneliness amongst older adults living in England...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804396/european-journal-of-ageing-reviewers-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804395/social-exclusion-of-older-persons-a-scoping-review-and-conceptual-framework
#12
REVIEW
Kieran Walsh, Thomas Scharf, Norah Keating
As a concept, social exclusion has considerable potential to explain and respond to disadvantage in later life. However, in the context of ageing populations, the construct remains ambiguous. A disjointed evidence-base, spread across disparate disciplines, compounds the challenge of developing a coherent understanding of exclusion in older age. This article addresses this research deficit by presenting the findings of a two-stage scoping review encompassing seven separate reviews of the international literature pertaining to old-age social exclusion...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804394/hard-and-soft-age-discrimination-the-dual-nature-of-workplace-discrimination
#13
Justyna Stypinska, Konrad Turek
The paper concentrates on the problem of age discrimination in the labour market and the way it can be conceptualised and measured in a multi-disciplinary way. The approach proposed here combines two understandings of age discrimination-a sociological and legal one, what allows for a fuller and expanded understanding of ageism in the workplace. At the heart of the study is a survey carried out in Poland with a sample of 1000 men and women aged 45-65 years. The study takes a deeper and innovative look into the issue of age discrimination in employment...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804393/ageism-among-physicians-nurses-and-social-workers-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#14
Aya Ben-Harush, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Israel Doron, Sara Alon, Arthur Leibovitz, Hava Golander, Yafa Haron, Liat Ayalon
This study investigated ageism among healthcare professionals in various therapeutic settings in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, the current study aimed to examine similarities and differences across healthcare disciplines. Three focus groups were conducted with physicians, nurses, and social workers. Data from each focus group were analyzed separately, and then commonalities and differences across the groups were evaluated. Three main themes relating to older adults emerged from the data. The first theme pertains to perceived difficulties that healthcare professionals experience in working with older adults and their family members; the second focuses on invisibility and discriminatory communication patterns; and the third theme relates to provision of inappropriate care to older adults...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804392/the-impact-of-aging-stereotypes-on-dementia-worry
#15
Joie Molden, Molly Maxfield
Dementia worry, an anxiety-related response to the possibility of developing dementia, represents an important yet underexplored health concern for an aging population. Such a construct is likely impacted by stereotypes concerning aging, including biased associations of aging with inevitable cognitive decline. The present article explores the impact of mixed positive and negative aging stereotype messages on levels of dementia worry. The Fear of Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FADS) was used to measure impact of priming with different proportions of positive and negative aging stereotype words...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804391/accelerated-increase-and-relative-decrease-in-subjective-age-and-changes-in-attitudes-toward-own-aging-over-a-4-year-period-results-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#16
Ehud Bodner, Liat Ayalon, Sharon Avidor, Yuval Palgi
The passage of time may force people to adjust their subjective age in response to changes in their attitudes toward own aging (ATOA). Although positive associations have been found between well-being and both positive ATOA and younger subjective age, the relationships between changes in these measures have not been examined yet. We expected (1) a decrease in positive ATOA to be associated with an accelerated increase in subjective age and (2) an increase in positive ATOA to be associated with a relative decrease in subjective age...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804390/relations-between-views-on-ageing-and-perceived-age-discrimination-a-domain-specific-perspective
#17
Peggy Voss, Julia K Wolff, Klaus Rothermund
This study investigates the relation between age stereotypes and perceived age discrimination. Existing evidence for such a relation is notoriously ambiguous with regard to its direction-age stereotypes can predict (perceived) discrimination, but experiencing discrimination may also change views on ageing-which is why we used a dataset with two waves to disentangle the direction of the associations. Considering research on the multi-dimensionality of views on ageing and perceived age discrimination, we addressed this question from a domain- and age group-specific perspective...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804389/taking-a-closer-look-at-ageism-self-and-other-directed-ageist-attitudes-and-discrimination
#18
EDITORIAL
Liat Ayalon, Clemens Tesch-Römer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286466/comparing-two-frailty-concepts-among-older-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
Josje D Schoufour, Michael A Echteld, Heleen M Evenhuis
In general, disabilities are considered a consequence of frailty rather than a cause of frailty, whereas in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), disabilities are often lifelong, which could have consequences for the feasibility and validity of frailty instruments. To better understand frailty in people with ID, we compared two broadly used concepts: the frailty phenotype (FP) and the frailty index (FI) taking into account their feasibility (e.g., percentage of participants able to complete the frailty assessments), agreement, validity (based on 5-year mortality risk), influence of motor disability, and the relation between single frailty variables and mortality...
2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804384/migration-and-changes-in-loneliness-over-a-4-year-period-the-case-of-older-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#20
Pnina Dolberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
Both older adult and immigrant populations are at a high risk of loneliness. The current research compares older veteran Israelis to older immigrants who arrived in Israel from the former Soviet Union (FSU) after 1989. Early studies have found high levels of loneliness among older FSU immigrants; however, little is known regarding changes in loneliness among this group over time. The present study examines change in loneliness among older FSU immigrants and older veteran Jewish Israelis and its potential predictors...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
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