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European Journal of Ageing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610055/providing-informal-care-in-a-changing-society
#1
Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Alice De Boer
The ageing of society is leading to significant reforms in long-term care policy and systems in many European countries. The cutbacks in professional care are increasing demand for informal care considerably, from both kin and non-kin. At the same time, demographic and societal developments such as changing family structures and later retirement may limit the supply of informal care. This raises the question as to whether the volume of informal care (in people) will increase in the years ahead. This paper aims to provide a theoretical answer to this question in two steps...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610054/intergenerational-support-among-migrant-families-in-europe
#2
Valeria Bordone, Helga A G de Valk
Intergenerational support is important throughout the individual life course and a major mechanism of cultural continuity. In this study, we analyse support between older parents and their adult children among international migrant and non-migrant populations in North, Centre and Southern Europe. Data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe are used to compare upward and downward practical support, grandparenting, and frequency of contact among 62,213 parent-child dyads. Findings indicate limited differences in support between migrants and non-migrants as well as between migrants of various origins...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610053/active-ageing-within-the-nursing-home-a-study-in-flanders-belgium
#3
Lien Van Malderen, Patricia De Vriendt, Tony Mets, Ellen Gorus
Nursing homes should support residents' quality of life (QoL). It remains vague, however, how these facilities can create a QoL enhancing environment. Active ageing (AA) is a useful framework in this context, since it provides a multidimensional set of determinants that enhance QoL. This study examined the current status of AA in nursing homes in Flanders, Belgium. A sample of 383 randomly recruited residents was surveyed on the subjective importance and experienced reality of the AA determinants as well as on QoL...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358606/trajectories-of-vision-in-older-people-the-role-of-age-and-social-position
#4
Jennifer Whillans, James Nazroo, Katey Matthews
Visual impairment becomes more prevalent with age. Rather than a uniform decline in vision with age, the strength and direction of change varies between people. This study applies an analytical method that posits multiple trajectories in eyesight, allowing for a more specific description of developmental course of this health outcome and its relationship with social position. The analysis uses the responses of 2956 respondents, aged 60 years and over, followed over 8 years (five observations) as part of the English longitudinal study of ageing...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358605/predictors-of-religious-participation-of-older-europeans-in-good-and-poor-health
#5
Agnieszka Sowa, Stanisława Golinowska, Dorly Deeg, Andrea Principi, Georgia Casanova, Katherine Schulmann, Stephania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues, Amilcar Moreira, Henrike Gelenkamp
Religious attendance is an important element of activity for older Europeans, especially in more traditional countries. The aim of the analysis is to explore whether it could be an element contributing to active ageing as well as to assess differences between the religious activity of older individuals with and without multimorbidity defined as an occurrence of two or more illnesses. The analysis is conducted based on the SHARE database (2010-2011) covering 57,391 individuals 50+ from 16 European countries...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358604/predictors-of-social-leisure-activities-in-older-europeans-with-and-without-multimorbidity
#6
Henrike Galenkamp, Cristina Gagliardi, Andrea Principi, Stanislawa Golinowska, Amilcar Moreira, Andrea E Schmidt, Juliane Winkelmann, Agnieszka Sowa, Suzan van der Pas, Dorly J H Deeg
Older people spend much time participating in leisure activities, such as taking part in organized activities and going out, but the extent of participation may differ according to both individual and environmental resources available. Chronic health problems become more prevalent at higher ages and likely necessitate tapping different resources to maintain social participation. This paper compares predictors of participation in social leisure activities between older people with and those without multimorbidity...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358603/participation-in-formal-learning-activities-of-older-europeans-in-poor-and-good-health
#7
Stanisława Golinowska, Agnieszka Sowa, Dorly Deeg, Marco Socci, Andrea Principi, Ricardo Rodrigues, Stefania Ilinca, Henrike Galenkamp
Little attention has been given to the involvement in formal learning activities (FLA) in the older population when considering different health statuses. The aim of this study is to explore the extent to which possible predictors (derived from previous research as well as a conceptual model) of FLA differ for older people in poor and good health. Data are used from SHARE 2010/2011 for the 50+ populations in 16 European countries. Poor health is defined as self-report of having two or more chronic diseases assessed by a medical doctor, i...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034646/travel-behaviour-change-in-old-age-the-role-of-critical-incidents-in-public-transport
#8
Catherine Sundling, Mats E Nilsson, Sara Hellqvist, Leslie R Pendrill, Ragne Emardson, Birgitta Berglund
Older people's travel behaviour is affected by negative or positive critical incidents in the public transport environment. With the objective of identifying such incidents during whole trips and examining how travel behaviour had changed, we have conducted in-depth interviews with 30 participants aged 65-91 years in the County of Stockholm, Sweden. Out of 469 incidents identified, 77 were reported to have resulted in travel behaviour change, 67 of them in a negative way. Most critical incidents were encountered in the physical environment on-board vehicles and at stations/stops as well as in pricing/ticketing...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034645/is-cognitive-lifestyle-associated-with-depressive-thoughts-and-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#9
Carol Opdebeeck, Catherine Quinn, Sharon M Nelis, Linda Clare
Key components of cognitive lifestyle are educational attainment, occupational complexity and engagement in cognitively stimulating leisure activities. Each of these factors is associated with experiencing fewer depressive symptoms in later life, but no study to date has examined the relationship between overall cognitive lifestyle and depressive symptoms. This task is made more complex because relatively few older participants in cross-sectional studies will be currently experiencing depression. However, many more will show evidence of a depressive thinking style that predisposes them towards depression...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034644/working-conditions-as-predictors-of-retirement-intentions-and-exit-from-paid-employment-a-10-year-follow-up-of-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Ewan Carr, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Jenny Head, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Stephen Stansfeld, Paola Zaninotto
Population ageing in Western countries has made delayed retirement and extended working life a policy priority in recent years. Retirement timing has been linked to individual factors such as health and wealth, but less is known about the role of the psychosocial work environment. This paper drew upon longitudinal data on 3462 workers aged 50-69 from five waves of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Regression models were used to assess the association of working conditions with preferred timing of retirement and actual work exit...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242394/bequest-motives-of-older-people-in-rural-china-from-the-perspective-of-intergenerational-support
#11
Quanbao Jiang, Xiaomin Li, Marcus W Feldman
China, a society long characterized by traditional Confucianism and the practice of filial piety, is undergoing dramatic socioeconomic development and erosion of traditions. In this rapidly changing context, the motives behind rural parental bequests have not been well studied. This paper draws on a survey conducted in rural Anhui province of China and uses hierarchical linear models (HLM) to examine whether three kinds of support from children are associated with older parents' bequest motives. We find that while instrumental support accords with an exchange model of motivation, financial transfer is consistent with an altruistic motivation for parental bequest plans...
June 2015: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366144/features-of-home-and-neighbourhood-and-the-liveability-of-older-south-africans
#12
Suzan van der Pas, Serela Ramklass, Brian O'Leary, Sharon Anderson, Norah Keating, Bilkish Cassim
While older people live in developing countries, little is known about the relative importance of features of their communities in influencing their liveability. We examine components of home and neighbourhood among older South Africans. Linear regression analyses revealed that features of home (basic amenities, household composition, financial status and safety) and neighbourhood (ability to shop for groceries, participate in organizations and feel safe from crime) are significantly associated with life satisfaction...
2015: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346568/information-and-communication-technologies-for-informal-carers-and-paid-assistants-benefits-from-micro-meso-and-macro-levels
#13
Stephanie Carretero, James Stewart, Clara Centeno
The aim of this study was to explore the benefits of information and communication technologies (ICT)-based services for informal carers and paid assistants of older people living in the community. We cross-case analysed the effects of twelve initiatives in the EU, the USA and Canada, based on their individual analysis documented through interviews with promoters and a literature review. We carried out the cross-case analysis following a variables-oriented strategy on seven dimensions of impact at micro-, meso- and macro-levels: the quality of life of informal carers and paid assistants, quality of life of care recipients, quality of care, care efficiency and sustainability, acceptability, and infrastructure and accessibility...
2015: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346475/sleep-duration-and-mortality-among-older-adults-in-a-22-year-follow-up-study-an-analysis-of-possible-effect-modifiers
#14
Katarzyna Zawisza, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Aleksander Galas, Monika Brzyska
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of sleep duration and all-cause mortality among 2,449 Polish community-dwelling older citizens of Krakow observed during 22 years of follow-up. In particular, the role of some demographic, psychosocial and health-related conditions were investigated in terms of modification effect. In the prospective study, background information was gathered by face-to-face interview. Vital data were obtained from the population registry. Cox regression models were used to assess the role of sleep duration in mortality, in the analyses of potential effect modifiers and the shape of the relationship...
2015: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25750608/living-longer-working-longer-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-labour-market-reform-in-response-to-demographic-changes
#15
Michal Myck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25598770/physical-activity-and-cognitive-functioning-in-the-oldest-old-within-and-between-person-cognitive-activity-and-psychosocial-mediators
#16
Annie Robitaille, Graciela Muniz, Magnus Lindwall, Andrea M Piccinin, Lesa Hoffman, Boo Johansson, Scott M Hofer
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the role of social contact intensity, cognitive activity, and depressive symptoms as within- and between-person mediators for the relationships between physical activity and cognitive functioning. METHOD: All three types of mediators were considered simultaneously using multilevel structural equations modeling with longitudinal data. The sample consisted of 470 adults ranging from 79.37 to 97.92 years of age (M = 83.4; SD = 3...
December 1, 2014: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25309303/smoking-and-physical-inactivity-patterns-during-midlife-as-predictors-of-all-cause-mortality-and-disability-a-39-year-prospective-study
#17
Benjamin A Shaw, Neda Agahi
This study estimated the long-term mortality hazards and disability risks associated with various combinations of smoking and physical inactivity measured over time in a sample of middle-aged adults. Data came from a national sample of Swedish adults, originally interviewed in 1968 and followed until 2007 (N=1,682). Smoking and physical activity status were measured at baseline and 13 years later (1981). Different patterns of change and stability in smoking and physical inactivity over this 13 year period were used as predictors of mortality through 2007...
September 1, 2014: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25431547/what-do-older-people-value-when-they-visit-their-general-practitioner-a-qualitative-study
#18
Ludmila Marcinowicz, Teresa Pawlikowska, Marek Oleszczyk
Older patients see their general practitioners (GPs) relatively often and so recognition of their preferences can lead to improvement of quality of care in general practice. This study aimed to identify which aspects of GPs' behaviour are the most important for older people in their assessment of the quality of their visits and to explore the application of Jung's taxonomy differentiating task and affective behaviour in this context. A qualitative approach to generating data was chosen. We conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of 30 patients aged 65 and older using GP services in two demographically diverse big cities in Poland...
2014: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24443648/the-vision-specific-optimization-in-primary-and-secondary-control-ops-scale
#19
Mark Brennan-Ing, Kathrin Boerner, Amy Horowitz, Joann Reinhardt
OBJECTIVE: To successfully address the challenges of age-related visual impairment in rehabilitation and health care settings, it is crucial to gain a better understanding of the psychological and behavioral adaptations that occur in these populations. The purpose of this study was to modify the Optimization in Primary Secondary Control Scale (OPS) (Heckhausen Schulz and Wrosch 1999) to assess the utilization of lifespan control strategies among older adults with visual impairment. METHOD: The Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control Scale (OPS) (Heckhausen et al...
December 1, 2013: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23637643/using-a-birth-cohort-to-study-ageing-representativeness-and-response-rates-in-the-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#20
M Stafford, S Black, I Shah, R Hardy, M Pierce, M Richards, A Wong, D Kuh
Britain's oldest birth cohort study, the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) provides data to explore life time influences on ageing. The latest data collection was undertaken between 2006 and 2011 when study members were aged 60-64 and consisted of postal and pre-assessment questionnaires to eligible study members, followed by invitation to attend one of six clinical research facilities (CRFs) across the UK for clinical assessments, and dietary diaries and activity monitors in the days following the CRF visit...
June 2013: European Journal of Ageing
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