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European Journal of Ageing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180948/validity-of-the-de-jong-gierveld-loneliness-scale-in-spanish-older-population-competitive-structural-models-and-item-response-theory
#1
Jose M Tomás, Sacramento Pinazo-Hernandis, Mónica Donio-Bellegarde, Pedro M Hontangas
Loneliness is a subjective measure of one's state of mind and the negative feelings about one's level of social contact, which usually involves an unwanted discrepancy between existing and desired relationships. It is measured through self-reported questionnaires, among which a widely used one is the de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS). Although it has been previously tested and proven to be a reliable tool for measuring loneliness of Spanish older people, some relevant research questions remain unsolved...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180947/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-successful-aging-among-chinese-rural-elders-living-in-nursing-homes
#2
Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Hui Xie, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
Few studies focus on the prevalence and related factors of successful aging (SA) among Chinese rural elders living in nursing homes. This study aims to make an operational definition of successful aging, estimate the prevalence of SA, and identify factors related to SA among Chinese rural elders living in nursing homes. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected by face-to-face interviews in five rural public nursing homes. A total of 205 elders aged 60 years and above were asked to answer a series of questions...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180946/educational-inequalities-in-late-life-depression-across-europe-results-from-the-generations-and-gender-survey
#3
Thomas Hansen, Britt Slagsvold, Marijke Veenstra
This study explores country- and gender-stratified educational differences in depression among older adults from 10 European countries. We examine inequalities in both absolute (prevalence differences) and relative (odds ratios) terms and in bivariate and multivariate models. We use cross-sectional, nationally representative data from the generations and gender survey. The analysis comprises 27,331 Europeans aged 60-80. Depression is measured with a seven-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180945/career-histories-as-determinants-of-gendered-retirement-timing-in-the-danish-and-swedish-pension-systems
#4
Stefanie König
After reforms in pension systems had taken place in most European countries within the last two decades, the concern was raised that women may be disadvantaged by these reforms. It is suggested that they are faced with a higher financial need to work longer. Retrospective data from SHARELIFE are used to run an event history analysis on the timing of the final employment exit, separately for gender, country and exit cohort. This study aims to disentangle the influence of gendered labour markets and pension regulations on retirement timing by investigating conditions in Denmark and Sweden...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180944/presenteeism-stress-resilience-and-physical-activity-in-older-manual-workers-a-person-centred-analysis
#5
Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Julie Black, Magnus Lindwall, Anna Whittaker, George M Balanos
This study used a person-centred approach to explore typologies of older manual workers based on presenteeism, stress resilience, and physical activity. Older manual workers (n = 217; 69.1% male; age range 50-77; M age = 57.11 years; SD = 5.62) from a range of UK-based organisations, representing different manual job roles, took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Based on the three input variables: presenteeism, stress resilience and physical activity, four distinct profiles were identified on using Latent Profile Analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180943/transnational-grandparenting-in-the-digital-age-mediated-co-presence-and-childcare-in-the-case-of-romanian-migrants-in-switzerland-and-canada
#6
Mihaela Nedelcu
Taking transnational families of Romanian migrants in Canada and Switzerland as a case in point, this paper accounts for the emergence of new patterns of "grandparenting" and "doing family" practices in the digital age, based on ICTs-mediated co-presence. It shows that migrants' parents are able to acquire manifold technological skills in order to cope with distance and separation and to improve the quality of their interaction and relationships with children and grandchildren living abroad. Ordinary co-presence routines within polymedia environments allow grandparents to take on their role as childcare providers across borders and develop new transnational lifestyles...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180942/the-emergence-of-care-facilities-in-thailand-for-older-german-speaking-people-structural-backgrounds-and-facility-operators-as-transnational-actors
#7
Désirée Bender, Tina Hollstein, Cornelia Schweppe
This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of old age care facilities for German-speaking people in Thailand. It analyses the conditions and processes behind the development and specific designs of such facilities. It first looks at the intertwinement, at the socio-structural level, of different transborder developments in which the facilities' emergence is embedded. Second, it analyses the processes that accompany the emergence, development and organisation of these facilities at the local level...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180941/legislating-for-transnational-ageing-a-challenge-to-the-logics-of-the-welfare-state
#8
Anita Böcker, Alistair Hunter
Transnational ageing presents fundamental challenges to nationally bounded welfare states, which historically have tended to be organised according to a logic of solidarity among nationals and permanent residents of a given state territory. Nonetheless, the Dutch and French governments have taken steps to break this link between solidarity and territorially bounded consumption of welfare, by providing lifelong income security for older migrants who return to countries of origin on a permanent or semi-permanent basis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180940/national-and-transnational-belonging-among-turkish-and-moroccan-older-migrants-in-the-netherlands-protective-against-loneliness
#9
Jolien Klok, Theo G van Tilburg, Bianca Suanet, Tineke Fokkema, Martijn Huisman
This research investigates how a sense of belonging functions as protective mechanism against loneliness. Inspired by the work of Berry (1980) on acculturation strategies (i.e. integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization), we distinguish migrants who feel a relatively strong or weak sense of belonging to larger society and those who feel a strong or weak belonging to the "own group." We expect that more national belonging contributes to less loneliness. We add a transnational perspective by arguing that feelings of belonging to the own group can take place in the country of settlement, but can also be transnational, i...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180939/transnational-aging-toward-a-transnational-perspective-in-old-age-research
#10
EDITORIAL
Vincent Horn, Cornelia Schweppe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936141/social-frailty-in-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
S Bunt, N Steverink, J Olthof, C P van der Schans, J S M Hobbelen
Social frailty is a rather unexplored concept. In this paper, the concept of social frailty among older people is explored utilizing a scoping review. In the first stage, 42 studies related to social frailty of older people were compiled from scientific databases and analyzed. In the second stage, the findings of this literature were structured using the social needs concept of Social Production Function theory. As a result, it was concluded that social frailty can be defined as a continuum of being at risk of losing, or having lost, resources that are important for fulfilling one or more basic social needs during the life span...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936140/elderly-women-living-alone-in-spain-the-importance-of-having-children
#12
David Reher, Miguel Requena
Our goal in this paper is to analyse the extent to which completed fertility, and in particular childlessness, is a valid predictor of living alone at advanced ages, an increasingly important residential option in advanced societies with crucial implications for social policy design and the organization of welfare services. Based on micro-data from the 2011 Spanish population census, logistic regression techniques are used to assess the impact of fertility on living alone among elderly women net the effect of age, marital status, educational attainment, and other standard population controls...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936139/does-active-ageing-contribute-to-life-satisfaction-for-older-people-testing-a-new-model-of-active-ageing
#13
Sara Marsillas, Liesbeth De Donder, Tinie Kardol, Sofie van Regenmortel, Sarah Dury, Dorien Brosens, An-Sofie Smetcoren, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela
Several debates have emerged across the literature about the conceptualisation of active ageing. The aim of this study is to develop a model of the construct that is focused on the individual, including different elements of people's lives that have the potential to be modified by intervention programs. Moreover, the paper examines the contributions of active ageing to life satisfaction, as well as the possible predictive role of coping styles on active ageing. For this purpose, a representative sample of 404 Galician (Spain) community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥60 years) were interviewed using a structured survey...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936138/prevalence-and-overlap-of-disease-management-program-diseases-in-older-hospitalized-patients
#14
Helle Gybel Juul-Larsen, Janne Petersen, Ditte Maria Sivertsen, Ove Andersen
Many countries, like Denmark, have tailored Disease Management Programs (DMPs) based on patients having single chronic diseases [defined institutionally as "program diseases" (PDs)], which can complicate treatment for those with multiple chronic diseases. The aims of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence and overlap among acutely hospitalized older medical patients of PDs defined by the DMPs, and (b) to examine transitions between different departments during hospitalization and mortality and readmission within two time intervals among patients with the different PDs...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936137/age-related-changes-in-auditory-processing-and-speech-perception-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses
#15
Harvey Babkoff, Leah Fostick
Age-related differences in speech perception have been shown in previous cross-sectional studies to be related to auditory temporal processing. We examined this association in both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, controlling for age-related changes in hearing sensitivity and cognitive ability. Fifty-eight participants were tested in two phases. In phase 1, ages ranged between 22 and 82 years. Phase 2 occurred seven years later. In both phases, participants performed auditory processing tasks, speech perception tests, and cognitive tasks...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936136/older-adults-preferences-for-formal-social-support-of-autonomy-and-dependence-in-pain-development-and-validation-of-a-scale
#16
Sónia F Bernardes, Marta Matos, Liesbet Goubert
Chronic pain among older adults is common and often disabling. Pain-related formal social support (e.g., provided by staff at day-care centers, nursing homes), and the extent to which it promotes functional autonomy or dependence, plays a significant role in the promotion of older adults' ability to engage in their daily activities. Assessing older adults' preferences for pain-related social support for functional autonomy or dependence could contribute to increase formal social support responsiveness to individuals' needs...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936135/can-peer-education-improve-beliefs-knowledge-motivation-and-intention-to-engage-in-falls-prevention-amongst-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Linda A M Khong, Richard G Berlach, Keith D Hill, Anne-Marie Hill
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering a contemporary peer-led falls prevention education presentation on community-dwelling older adults' beliefs, knowledge, motivation and intention to engage in falls prevention strategies. A two-group quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test study using a convenience sample was conducted. A new falls prevention training package for peer educators was developed, drawing on contemporary adult learning and behaviour change principles. A 1-h presentation was delivered to community-dwelling older adults by peer educators trained with the new package (intervention group)...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936134/cost-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-focused-on-reducing-bathing-disability
#18
Magnus Zingmark, Ingeborg Nilsson, Fredrik Norström, Klas Göran Sahlén, Lars Lindholm
The onset of bathing disability among older people is critical for a decline in functioning and has implications for both the individuals' quality of life and societal costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term cost effectiveness of an intervention targeting bathing disability among older people. For hypothetical cohorts of community-dwelling older people with bathing disability, transitions between states of dependency and death were modelled over 8 years including societal costs. A five-state Markov model based on states of dependency was used to evaluate Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs from a societal perspective...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936133/migrants-decision-process-shaping-work-destination-choice-the-case-of-long-term-care-work-in-the-united-kingdom-and-norway
#19
Karen Christensen, Shereen Hussein, Mohamed Ismail
Escalating demands for formal long-term care (LTC) result in the reliance on migrant workers in many developed countries. Within Europe, this is currently framed by progressive European immigration policies favouring inter-European mobility. Using the UK and Norway as case studies, this article has two main aims: (1) to document changes in the contribution of European Union (EU) migrants to the LTC sectors in Western Europe, and (2) to gain further understanding of migrants' decision-processes relating to destination and work choices...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936132/architectural-style-and-green-spaces-predict-older-adults-evaluations-of-residential-facilities
#20
Veronica Cerina, Ferdinando Fornara, Sara Manca
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of residential facilities' design features on older adults' psychosocial responses. Participants (N = 192) were over 65-year-old residents who were randomly exposed to different experimental scenarios concerning a hypothetical residential facility for older adults, using a 3 × 2 between-subjects design (i.e. home-like vs. hotel-like vs. usual-standard architectural style; presence vs. absence of green spaces). After the experimental session, participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire that measured their attitudes towards short- and long-term relocation, anticipated residential satisfaction with the facility, and feelings of broken home attachment...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
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