Read by QxMD icon Read

European Journal of Ageing

Malin Christina Ericsson, Margaret Gatz, Ingemar Kåreholt, Marti G Parker, Stefan Fors
The objective of this study is to validate two abridged versions of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE): one intended for use in face-to-face interviews, and the other developed for telephonic interviews, using data from Sweden and the US to validate the abridged scales against dementia diagnoses as well as to compare their performance to that of the full MMSE scale. The abridged versions were based on eight domains from the original MMSE scale. The domains included in the MMSE-SF were registration, orientation, delayed recall, attention, and visual spatial ability...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Sergi Trias-Llimós, Magdalena M Muszyńska, Antonio D Cámara, Fanny Janssen
Knowledge about the potential effects of stressful events on smoking cessation is helpful for the design of health interventions. Previous studies on this topic tended to group together adults of all ages and of both genders. We investigate the contribution of marital and employment losses on smoking cessation by gender, specifically among older adults in Europe. We used panel data from waves 4 (2011) and 5 (2013) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe for 3345 male and 3115 female smokers at baseline aged 50 and over from 13 countries...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Heidi Gautun, Christopher Bratt
The need to provide care for older people can put a strain on their adult children, potentially interfering with their work attendance. We tested the hypothesis that public care for older people (nursing homes or home care services) would moderate the association between having an older parent in need of care and reduced work attendance among the adult children. The analysis used data from a survey of Norwegian employees aged 45-65 (N = 529). Institutional care for older people in need of care (i.e. nursing homes) was associated with improved work attendance among their children-their daughters in particular...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Peter Alders, Hannie C Comijs, Dorly J H Deeg
Using data from two cohorts, we examine to what extent a decline in institutional care in the Netherlands is associated with changes in the need for care and/or societal factors. We compared older adults, aged 65-89, who were admitted to a long-term care (LTC) institution in the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009. Using the Andersen model, we tested per block of predisposing, enabling and need factors, which factors were significant predictors of admission to institutional care. With a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition regression, we decomposed the difference in admission to an LTC institution between the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009 into a part that is due to differences in health needs and other factors such as effect of policy, social values, and technology...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Patrick Rouxel, Anja Heilmann, Panayotes Demakakos, Jun Aida, Georgios Tsakos, Richard G Watt
Loneliness is a serious concern in aging populations. The key risk factors include poor health, depression, poor material circumstances, and low social participation and social support. Oral disease and tooth loss have a significant negative impact on the quality of life and well-being of older adults. However, there is a lack of studies relating oral health to loneliness. This study investigated the association between oral health-related quality of life (through the use of the oral impact on daily performances-OIDP-measure) and loneliness amongst older adults living in England...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Josje D Schoufour, Michael A Echteld, Heleen M Evenhuis
In general, disabilities are considered a consequence of frailty rather than a cause of frailty, whereas in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), disabilities are often lifelong, which could have consequences for the feasibility and validity of frailty instruments. To better understand frailty in people with ID, we compared two broadly used concepts: the frailty phenotype (FP) and the frailty index (FI) taking into account their feasibility (e.g., percentage of participants able to complete the frailty assessments), agreement, validity (based on 5-year mortality risk), influence of motor disability, and the relation between single frailty variables and mortality...
2017: European Journal of Ageing
Noam Damri, Howard Litwin
This study explores minority group status in relation to change in Quality of Life (QOL) among three population groups in Israel-Veteran Jews, Arab-Israelis and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU)-controlling for a set of known predictors. The study uses panel data from two waves (2009/10 and 2013) of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, (N=1,590). A set of Ordinary Least Squares regressions is used to predict positive QOL change over the two waves. Interaction terms in a number of selected areas are considered...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
Galit Weinstein
Adverse socioeconomic conditions in childhood have been previously linked with high risk of various health conditions. However, the association with future physical function has been less studied. Hand grip strength and chair-rising time are objective measures of physical capability indicating current and future health outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that perceived socio-economic status in childhood is related to current measures of physical function, among Israeli participants of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe project...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Alice De Boer
The ageing of society is leading to significant reforms in long-term care policy and systems in many European countries. The cutbacks in professional care are increasing demand for informal care considerably, from both kin and non-kin. At the same time, demographic and societal developments such as changing family structures and later retirement may limit the supply of informal care. This raises the question as to whether the volume of informal care (in people) will increase in the years ahead. This paper aims to provide a theoretical answer to this question in two steps...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Valeria Bordone, Helga A G de Valk
Intergenerational support is important throughout the individual life course and a major mechanism of cultural continuity. In this study, we analyse support between older parents and their adult children among international migrant and non-migrant populations in North, Centre and Southern Europe. Data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe are used to compare upward and downward practical support, grandparenting, and frequency of contact among 62,213 parent-child dyads. Findings indicate limited differences in support between migrants and non-migrants as well as between migrants of various origins...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Lien Van Malderen, Patricia De Vriendt, Tony Mets, Ellen Gorus
Nursing homes should support residents' quality of life (QoL). It remains vague, however, how these facilities can create a QoL enhancing environment. Active ageing (AA) is a useful framework in this context, since it provides a multidimensional set of determinants that enhance QoL. This study examined the current status of AA in nursing homes in Flanders, Belgium. A sample of 383 randomly recruited residents was surveyed on the subjective importance and experienced reality of the AA determinants as well as on QoL...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Jennifer Whillans, James Nazroo, Katey Matthews
Visual impairment becomes more prevalent with age. Rather than a uniform decline in vision with age, the strength and direction of change varies between people. This study applies an analytical method that posits multiple trajectories in eyesight, allowing for a more specific description of developmental course of this health outcome and its relationship with social position. The analysis uses the responses of 2956 respondents, aged 60 years and over, followed over 8 years (five observations) as part of the English longitudinal study of ageing...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Agnieszka Sowa, Stanisława Golinowska, Dorly Deeg, Andrea Principi, Georgia Casanova, Katherine Schulmann, Stephania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues, Amilcar Moreira, Henrike Gelenkamp
Religious attendance is an important element of activity for older Europeans, especially in more traditional countries. The aim of the analysis is to explore whether it could be an element contributing to active ageing as well as to assess differences between the religious activity of older individuals with and without multimorbidity defined as an occurrence of two or more illnesses. The analysis is conducted based on the SHARE database (2010-2011) covering 57,391 individuals 50+ from 16 European countries...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Henrike Galenkamp, Cristina Gagliardi, Andrea Principi, Stanislawa Golinowska, Amilcar Moreira, Andrea E Schmidt, Juliane Winkelmann, Agnieszka Sowa, Suzan van der Pas, Dorly J H Deeg
Older people spend much time participating in leisure activities, such as taking part in organized activities and going out, but the extent of participation may differ according to both individual and environmental resources available. Chronic health problems become more prevalent at higher ages and likely necessitate tapping different resources to maintain social participation. This paper compares predictors of participation in social leisure activities between older people with and those without multimorbidity...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Stanisława Golinowska, Agnieszka Sowa, Dorly Deeg, Marco Socci, Andrea Principi, Ricardo Rodrigues, Stefania Ilinca, Henrike Galenkamp
Little attention has been given to the involvement in formal learning activities (FLA) in the older population when considering different health statuses. The aim of this study is to explore the extent to which possible predictors (derived from previous research as well as a conceptual model) of FLA differ for older people in poor and good health. Data are used from SHARE 2010/2011 for the 50+ populations in 16 European countries. Poor health is defined as self-report of having two or more chronic diseases assessed by a medical doctor, i...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Catherine Sundling, Mats E Nilsson, Sara Hellqvist, Leslie R Pendrill, Ragne Emardson, Birgitta Berglund
Older people's travel behaviour is affected by negative or positive critical incidents in the public transport environment. With the objective of identifying such incidents during whole trips and examining how travel behaviour had changed, we have conducted in-depth interviews with 30 participants aged 65-91 years in the County of Stockholm, Sweden. Out of 469 incidents identified, 77 were reported to have resulted in travel behaviour change, 67 of them in a negative way. Most critical incidents were encountered in the physical environment on-board vehicles and at stations/stops as well as in pricing/ticketing...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Carol Opdebeeck, Catherine Quinn, Sharon M Nelis, Linda Clare
Key components of cognitive lifestyle are educational attainment, occupational complexity and engagement in cognitively stimulating leisure activities. Each of these factors is associated with experiencing fewer depressive symptoms in later life, but no study to date has examined the relationship between overall cognitive lifestyle and depressive symptoms. This task is made more complex because relatively few older participants in cross-sectional studies will be currently experiencing depression. However, many more will show evidence of a depressive thinking style that predisposes them towards depression...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Ewan Carr, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Jenny Head, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Stephen Stansfeld, Paola Zaninotto
Population ageing in Western countries has made delayed retirement and extended working life a policy priority in recent years. Retirement timing has been linked to individual factors such as health and wealth, but less is known about the role of the psychosocial work environment. This paper drew upon longitudinal data on 3462 workers aged 50-69 from five waves of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Regression models were used to assess the association of working conditions with preferred timing of retirement and actual work exit...
2016: European Journal of Ageing
Quanbao Jiang, Xiaomin Li, Marcus W Feldman
China, a society long characterized by traditional Confucianism and the practice of filial piety, is undergoing dramatic socioeconomic development and erosion of traditions. In this rapidly changing context, the motives behind rural parental bequests have not been well studied. This paper draws on a survey conducted in rural Anhui province of China and uses hierarchical linear models (HLM) to examine whether three kinds of support from children are associated with older parents' bequest motives. We find that while instrumental support accords with an exchange model of motivation, financial transfer is consistent with an altruistic motivation for parental bequest plans...
June 2015: European Journal of Ageing
Suzan van der Pas, Serela Ramklass, Brian O'Leary, Sharon Anderson, Norah Keating, Bilkish Cassim
While older people live in developing countries, little is known about the relative importance of features of their communities in influencing their liveability. We examine components of home and neighbourhood among older South Africans. Linear regression analyses revealed that features of home (basic amenities, household composition, financial status and safety) and neighbourhood (ability to shop for groceries, participate in organizations and feel safe from crime) are significantly associated with life satisfaction...
2015: European Journal of Ageing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"