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European Journal of Ageing

Minna Genbäck, Nawi Ng, Elena Stanghellini, Xavier de Luna
Predictors of decline in health in older populations have been investigated in multiple studies before. Most longitudinal studies of aging, however, assume that dropout at follow-up is ignorable (missing at random) given a set of observed characteristics at baseline. The objective of this study was to address non-ignorable dropout in investigating predictors of declining self-reported health (SRH) in older populations (50 years or older) in Sweden, the Netherlands, and Italy. We used the SHARE panel survey, and since only 2895 out of the original 5657 participants in the survey 2004 were followed up in 2013, we studied whether the results were sensitive to the expectation that those dropping out have a higher proportion of decliners in SRH...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Sophie Haesen, Tenzin Wangmo, Bernice S Elger
The increasing numbers of aging prisoners raise the issue of how they maintain their personal identity and self-esteem in light of long-standing detention. This study sought to answer this question since identity and self-esteem could influence mental and physical health. We conducted a secondary analysis of 35 qualitative interviews that were carried out with older inmates aged 51-75 years (mean age: 61 years) living in 12 Swiss prisons. We identified three main themes that characterized their identity: personal characterization of identity, occupational identity, and social identity...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Liat Ayalon, Klaus Rothermund
We introduce new indicators measuring relative age disadvantage of older compared with younger people at a national level. Drawing on data from 29 European countries, the study demonstrates that there is no consistent relative old age disadvantage with regard to the four indicators selected: satisfaction in life, perceived prejudice, perceived access to health services, and subjective income. Relative age disadvantages (i.e. the status of those aged 30-45 divided by the status of older adults aged 60-75) correlated negatively with overall levels of happiness at the country level...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Daniele Didino, Ekaterina A Taran, Kristina Gorodetski, Zarui A Melikyan, Svetlana Nikitina, Ilya Gumennikov, Olga Korovina, Fabio Casati
Despite the growing interest in studying factors affecting subjective well-being of older adults, little research has been conducted on vast territory of Siberia (Russia) with large population. To address this lack of evidence, we explored the relationship between subjective well-being and social aspects (social and emotional support, social network, and social activities), living conditions (standards of living and residence area), self-reported health, and demographic characteristics in older adults living in Tomsk Region, Siberia...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Marie Herr, Jean-Jacques Arvieu, Joël Ankri, Jean-Marie Robine
The screening of frailty can trigger interventions aiming to delay disability in older people. Whereas the prevalence, the consequences, and the factors associated with frailty are well described, little is known about the duration of the state of frailty. This study aimed to estimate the time spent in the state of frailty in men and women using the Sullivan method. Data used were the age- and sex-specific prevalence of frailty found in SIPAF study ("Système d'Information sur la Perte d'Autonomie Fonctionnelle de la personne âgée") and statistics of mortality from the Human Mortality Database...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Hanna van Solinge, Kène Henkens
This research examined the judgemental process underlying subjective life expectancy (SLE) and the predictive value of SLE on actual mortality in older adults in the Netherlands. We integrated theoretical insights from life satisfaction research with existing models of SLE. Our model differentiates between bottom-up (objective data of any type) and top-down factors (psychological variables). The study used data from the first wave of the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute Work and Retirement Panel...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Linda Enroth, Mari Aaltonen, Jani Raitanen, Lily Nosraty, Marja Jylhä
Long-term care (LTC) use increases with ageing due to an age-related increase in disability. Both the levels of disability and social resources vary among socioeconomic groups. The association of socioeconomic status with LTC use is largely unexplored for the oldest old. This study examined how occupational class is associated with LTC use among nonagenarians in the context of universal care coverage. A population-based prospective cohort study with 2862 participants who answered the Vitality 90 + Study surveys in 2001, 2003, 2007, or 2010 in Tampere, Finland, was combined with national register data on LTC use...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen, Rikke Lund, Volkert Dirk Siersma, Charlotte Juul Nilsson
It is well established that socioeconomic position (SEP) and social relations impact physical function and mortality in old age. Due to differential vulnerability, few social relations may lead to greater decline in physical function and mortality among older people with low compared to high SEP. The aim was to investigate whether older people with few social relations experience greater decline in physical function and mortality when also subject to low financial assets? The study population included 4060 older people aged 75 or 80 years at baseline in 1998-1999...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Andreas Ihle, Élvio R Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Duarte L Freitas, Jefferson Jurema, Rui T Ornelas, António M Antunes, Bárbara R Muniz, Matthias Kliegel
It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve for cognitive functioning in old age may differ between individuals with low, compared to those with high functional fitness status. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of education and cognitive leisure activity as key markers of cognitive reserve to mini-mental state in old age (as an indicator of the extent of cognitive impairment) and its interplay with functional fitness status in a large sample of older adults...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Nina Vogel, Nilam Ram, Jan Goebel, Gert G Wagner, Denis Gerstorf
Both lifespan psychology and life course sociology highlight that contextual factors influence individual functioning and development. In the current study, we operationalize context as county-level care services in inpatient and outpatient facilities (e.g., number of care facilities, privacy in facilities) and investigate how the care context shapes well-being in the last years of life. To do so, we combine 29 waves of individual-level longitudinal data on life satisfaction from now deceased participants in the nationwide German Socio-Economic Panel Study ( N  = 4557; age at death: M  = 73...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
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March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Sławomir Tobis, Krystyna Jaracz, Dorota Talarska, Sylwia Kropińska, Ewa Zasadzka, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Ian Philp, Aleksandra Suwalska
EASYCare Standard 2010 is a brief instrument identifying concerns in health, functional independence, and well-being, from older persons' perspective. It has not previously been validated for self-assessment. Our aim was to determine whether self-assessment (EC1) can give comparable results to an evaluation performed by professionals (EC2), for older people living at home. The study included community-dwelling individuals (aged at least 60 years, n  = 100; 67 females) without dementia (abbreviated mental test score [AMTS] above 6)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jesús Rivera-Navarro, Rosa Sepúlveda, Israel Contador, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Francisco Ramos, Miguel Ángel Tola-Arribas, Miguel Goñi
The objective of our study is to validate the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) as an instrument for detecting the maltreatment of people with dementia in Spain. In total, 326 informal caregivers of people with different types of dementia were interviewed in several cities in northwest Spain. The caregivers were selected from outpatient neurology clinics and associations of relatives of people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. A comprehensive sociodemographic questionnaire was administered to all participants, and several standardized scales were used to assess burden, anxiety, depression, social support and resilience...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez, Karla Moreno-Tamayo, María Hernández-Serrato, María Del Rocío Enríquez-Rosas, Betty Soledad Manrique-Espinoza
In this study, we aimed to estimate the association between social support and healthcare utilization among older Mexican adults. We conducted a prospective study with 4027 older adults aged 65-74 in rural areas in seven Mexican states. Data were collected at baseline (2007) and 14 months later (2009). Healthcare utilization was defined as number of visits to a physician for preventive or curative purposes in the last 6 months. Multidimensional social support was operationalized into two components: structural (living arrangements, marital status and network size) and functional (perceived availability of support; and perceived support across emotional, instrumental, economic and information domains)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Anna E Kornadt, Peggy Voss, Klaus Rothermund
Demographic changes have been linked to the expectation of cuts in government-provided social security services, emphasizing individual responsibility to prepare for old age and concomitant challenges and changes. Accordingly, the identification of psychological variables predicting preparation is a matter of theoretical as well as practical importance. We thus consider different aspects of a person's future time as theoretically prominent psychological predictors of preparation. The subjectively perceived quantity of remaining lifetime, the concreteness of future time, and preparation for life domains indicative of an active third age as well as of a more dependent fourth age were assessed in a longitudinal study in a core sample of N  = 593 participants (30-80 years old at T 1 ) at two measurement occasions 4 years apart...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Eleftheria Giannouli, Otmar Bock, Wiebren Zijlstra
Increasing evidence indicates that mobility depends on cognitive resources, but the exact relationships between various cognitive functions and different mobility parameters still need to be investigated. This study examines the hypothesis that cognitive functioning is more closely related to real-life mobility performance than to mobility capacity as measured with standardized laboratory tests. The final sample used for analysis consisted of 66 older adults (72.3 ± 5.6 years). Cognition was assessed by measures of planning (HOTAP test), spatial working memory (Grid-Span test) and visuospatial attention (Attention Window test)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Lena Spangenberg, Markus Zenger, Heide Glaesmer, Elmar Brähler, Bernhard Strauss
The present study aimed to extend the knowledge regarding dimensionality, socio-demographic correlates and shifts in age stereotypes over the past 15 years using a time-sequential design. In 1996 and 2011, we assessed age stereotypes in two independent samples of the German population aged ≥ 45 years ( N  = 970 in sample 1, N  = 1545 in sample 2). Three scales with six items each were assessed. Two scales cover negative (i.e., rigidity/isolation, burden), and one scale covers positive age stereotypes (wisdom/experience)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Hila Axelrad, Erika L Sabbath, Summer Sherburne Hawkins
This study examined whether economic changes related to the 2008-2009 Recession were associated with employment status and job quality indicators among older workers in Europe and Israel. Data were derived from 4917 respondents (16,090 observations both before and after the recession) from 13 countries who participated in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Annual data on gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, life expectancy, and quarterly unemployment rates were assigned to employment assessments from 2004 to 2013...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Justyna Stypińska, Laura Romeu Gordo
This paper analyses the interference of three socio-demographic characteristics: gender, age and migration status on the labour market outcomes from the perspective of intersectionality theory. Concretely, we investigate whether gender and migration differences in hourly wages are observable at younger ages and whether these differences increase with age. Further, we analyse whether gender and migration interact in such a way that women with migration background suffer lower wage growth in relation to their counterparts...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Yuka Minagawa, Yasuhiko Saito
Compared to the large volume of research focused on mortality differentials within Japan, relatively little is known about regional variations in health expectancy, particularly among older people. This article has two interrelated objectives. The first objective is to estimate prefecture-specific disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) at 65 years of age in 2010. DFLE at 65 by gender and prefecture was computed using the Sullivan method, which was applied to prefecture-specific life tables and prevalence of disability from Kokumin Seikatsu Kiso Chosa (Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions) of 2010...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
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