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European Journal of Ageing

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March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Sławomir Tobis, Krystyna Jaracz, Dorota Talarska, Sylwia Kropińska, Ewa Zasadzka, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Ian Philp, Aleksandra Suwalska
EASYCare Standard 2010 is a brief instrument identifying concerns in health, functional independence, and well-being, from older persons' perspective. It has not previously been validated for self-assessment. Our aim was to determine whether self-assessment (EC1) can give comparable results to an evaluation performed by professionals (EC2), for older people living at home. The study included community-dwelling individuals (aged at least 60 years, n  = 100; 67 females) without dementia (abbreviated mental test score [AMTS] above 6)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jesús Rivera-Navarro, Rosa Sepúlveda, Israel Contador, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Francisco Ramos, Miguel Ángel Tola-Arribas, Miguel Goñi
The objective of our study is to validate the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) as an instrument for detecting the maltreatment of people with dementia in Spain. In total, 326 informal caregivers of people with different types of dementia were interviewed in several cities in northwest Spain. The caregivers were selected from outpatient neurology clinics and associations of relatives of people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. A comprehensive sociodemographic questionnaire was administered to all participants, and several standardized scales were used to assess burden, anxiety, depression, social support and resilience...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez, Karla Moreno-Tamayo, María Hernández-Serrato, María Del Rocío Enríquez-Rosas, Betty Soledad Manrique-Espinoza
In this study, we aimed to estimate the association between social support and healthcare utilization among older Mexican adults. We conducted a prospective study with 4027 older adults aged 65-74 in rural areas in seven Mexican states. Data were collected at baseline (2007) and 14 months later (2009). Healthcare utilization was defined as number of visits to a physician for preventive or curative purposes in the last 6 months. Multidimensional social support was operationalized into two components: structural (living arrangements, marital status and network size) and functional (perceived availability of support; and perceived support across emotional, instrumental, economic and information domains)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Anna E Kornadt, Peggy Voss, Klaus Rothermund
Demographic changes have been linked to the expectation of cuts in government-provided social security services, emphasizing individual responsibility to prepare for old age and concomitant challenges and changes. Accordingly, the identification of psychological variables predicting preparation is a matter of theoretical as well as practical importance. We thus consider different aspects of a person's future time as theoretically prominent psychological predictors of preparation. The subjectively perceived quantity of remaining lifetime, the concreteness of future time, and preparation for life domains indicative of an active third age as well as of a more dependent fourth age were assessed in a longitudinal study in a core sample of N  = 593 participants (30-80 years old at T 1 ) at two measurement occasions 4 years apart...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Eleftheria Giannouli, Otmar Bock, Wiebren Zijlstra
Increasing evidence indicates that mobility depends on cognitive resources, but the exact relationships between various cognitive functions and different mobility parameters still need to be investigated. This study examines the hypothesis that cognitive functioning is more closely related to real-life mobility performance than to mobility capacity as measured with standardized laboratory tests. The final sample used for analysis consisted of 66 older adults (72.3 ± 5.6 years). Cognition was assessed by measures of planning (HOTAP test), spatial working memory (Grid-Span test) and visuospatial attention (Attention Window test)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Lena Spangenberg, Markus Zenger, Heide Glaesmer, Elmar Brähler, Bernhard Strauss
The present study aimed to extend the knowledge regarding dimensionality, socio-demographic correlates and shifts in age stereotypes over the past 15 years using a time-sequential design. In 1996 and 2011, we assessed age stereotypes in two independent samples of the German population aged ≥ 45 years ( N  = 970 in sample 1, N  = 1545 in sample 2). Three scales with six items each were assessed. Two scales cover negative (i.e., rigidity/isolation, burden), and one scale covers positive age stereotypes (wisdom/experience)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Hila Axelrad, Erika L Sabbath, Summer Sherburne Hawkins
This study examined whether economic changes related to the 2008-2009 Recession were associated with employment status and job quality indicators among older workers in Europe and Israel. Data were derived from 4917 respondents (16,090 observations both before and after the recession) from 13 countries who participated in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Annual data on gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, life expectancy, and quarterly unemployment rates were assigned to employment assessments from 2004 to 2013...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Justyna Stypińska, Laura Romeu Gordo
This paper analyses the interference of three socio-demographic characteristics: gender, age and migration status on the labour market outcomes from the perspective of intersectionality theory. Concretely, we investigate whether gender and migration differences in hourly wages are observable at younger ages and whether these differences increase with age. Further, we analyse whether gender and migration interact in such a way that women with migration background suffer lower wage growth in relation to their counterparts...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Yuka Minagawa, Yasuhiko Saito
Compared to the large volume of research focused on mortality differentials within Japan, relatively little is known about regional variations in health expectancy, particularly among older people. This article has two interrelated objectives. The first objective is to estimate prefecture-specific disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) at 65 years of age in 2010. DFLE at 65 by gender and prefecture was computed using the Sullivan method, which was applied to prefecture-specific life tables and prevalence of disability from Kokumin Seikatsu Kiso Chosa (Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions) of 2010...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Dartagnan Pinto Guedes, Hugo Sarmento, Adilson Marques
From a public health perspective, identifying factors related to attaining the physical activity (PA) recommendations is important in order to identify subgroups for intervention programs. The aim of this study is to identify the socio-demographic correlates of attaining the recommended levels of PA in the older European population. Using data from the European Social Survey round 6, PA and socio-demographic characteristics were collected from 10,148 participants (4556 men, 5592 women), aged 65 years and over, from 28 countries in 2012...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Dorly J H Deeg, Hans-Werner Wahl, Howard Litwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jose M Tomás, Sacramento Pinazo-Hernandis, Mónica Donio-Bellegarde, Pedro M Hontangas
Loneliness is a subjective measure of one's state of mind and the negative feelings about one's level of social contact, which usually involves an unwanted discrepancy between existing and desired relationships. It is measured through self-reported questionnaires, among which a widely used one is the de Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS). Although it has been previously tested and proven to be a reliable tool for measuring loneliness of Spanish older people, some relevant research questions remain unsolved...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Hui Xie, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
Few studies focus on the prevalence and related factors of successful aging (SA) among Chinese rural elders living in nursing homes. This study aims to make an operational definition of successful aging, estimate the prevalence of SA, and identify factors related to SA among Chinese rural elders living in nursing homes. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected by face-to-face interviews in five rural public nursing homes. A total of 205 elders aged 60 years and above were asked to answer a series of questions...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Thomas Hansen, Britt Slagsvold, Marijke Veenstra
This study explores country- and gender-stratified educational differences in depression among older adults from 10 European countries. We examine inequalities in both absolute (prevalence differences) and relative (odds ratios) terms and in bivariate and multivariate models. We use cross-sectional, nationally representative data from the generations and gender survey. The analysis comprises 27,331 Europeans aged 60-80. Depression is measured with a seven-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Stefanie König
After reforms in pension systems had taken place in most European countries within the last two decades, the concern was raised that women may be disadvantaged by these reforms. It is suggested that they are faced with a higher financial need to work longer. Retrospective data from SHARELIFE are used to run an event history analysis on the timing of the final employment exit, separately for gender, country and exit cohort. This study aims to disentangle the influence of gendered labour markets and pension regulations on retirement timing by investigating conditions in Denmark and Sweden...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Julie Black, Magnus Lindwall, Anna Whittaker, George M Balanos
This study used a person-centred approach to explore typologies of older manual workers based on presenteeism, stress resilience, and physical activity. Older manual workers ( n  = 217; 69.1% male; age range 50-77; M age = 57.11 years; SD = 5.62) from a range of UK-based organisations, representing different manual job roles, took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Based on the three input variables: presenteeism, stress resilience and physical activity, four distinct profiles were identified on using Latent Profile Analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Mihaela Nedelcu
Taking transnational families of Romanian migrants in Canada and Switzerland as a case in point, this paper accounts for the emergence of new patterns of "grandparenting" and "doing family" practices in the digital age, based on ICTs-mediated co-presence. It shows that migrants' parents are able to acquire manifold technological skills in order to cope with distance and separation and to improve the quality of their interaction and relationships with children and grandchildren living abroad...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Désirée Bender, Tina Hollstein, Cornelia Schweppe
This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of old age care facilities for German-speaking people in Thailand. It analyses the conditions and processes behind the development and specific designs of such facilities. It first looks at the intertwinement, at the socio-structural level, of different transborder developments in which the facilities' emergence is embedded. Second, it analyses the processes that accompany the emergence, development and organisation of these facilities at the local level...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
Anita Böcker, Alistair Hunter
Transnational ageing presents fundamental challenges to nationally bounded welfare states, which historically have tended to be organised according to a logic of solidarity among nationals and permanent residents of a given state territory. Nonetheless, the Dutch and French governments have taken steps to break this link between solidarity and territorially bounded consumption of welfare, by providing lifelong income security for older migrants who return to countries of origin on a permanent or semi-permanent basis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
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