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Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650340/longitudinal-evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-nutritional-status-during-one-year-treatment-with-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner
#1
Nina Riedel, Katharina Laubner, Anne Lautenbach, Gerhard Schön, Matthias Schlensak, Rainer Stengel, Thomas Eberl, Frank Dederichs, Jens Aberle, Jochen Seufert
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) represents a novel temporary endoscopic approach for treatment of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Recent results from the German DJBL registry confirmed substantial positive metabolic effects of the DJBL in type 2 diabetes. However, the last Food and Drug Administration trial was stopped due to a high occurrence of hepatic abscesses (3.5%). OBJECTIVES: Here, we analyzed time courses of development of co-morbidities, nutritive changes, and occurrence of adverse events during the 1-year treatment phase with the DJBL in the German DJBL registry...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631984/jejunal-long-noncoding-rnas-are-associated-with-glycemic-control-via-gut-brain-axis-after-bariatric-surgery-in-diabetic-mice
#2
Yongjun Liang, Bo Yu, Yueqian Wang, Zhengdong Qiao, Ting Cao, Peng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Metabolic and bariatric surgery is effective in ameliorating type 2 diabetes, although its underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Our previous study indicated that the distinctly expressed duodenal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) induced by the duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) might play a role in improving glycemic control via the enteropancreatic axis. Therefore, the physiologic role of the jejunum in metabolic regulation after DJB requires investigation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the alterations in the jejunal Roux limb lncRNA expression signatures after DJB and analyze the functional pathways associated with metabolic improvement on a genome-wide scale in high-fat diet-induced diabetic mice...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631983/mesenteric-visceral-lipectomy-using-tissue-liquefaction-technology-reverses-insulin-resistance-and-causes-weight-loss-in-baboons
#3
Mark S Andrew, Derek M Huffman, Ernesto Rodriguez-Ayala, Noel N Williams, Richard M Peterson, Raul A Bastarrachea
BACKGROUND: Visceral obesity is associated with diabetogenic and atherogenic abnormalities, including insulin resistance and increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases and mortality. Rodent lipectomy studies have demonstrated a causal link between visceral fat and insulin resistance, yet human omentectomy studies have failed to replicate this metabolic benefit, perhaps owing to the inability to target the mesentery. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to demonstrate that safe and effective removal of mesenteric fat could be achieved in obese insulin-resistant baboons using tissue liquefaction technology...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631982/radiologic-endoscopic-and-functional-patterns-in-patients-with-symptomatic-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#4
Yves Borbély, Dino Kröll, Philipp C Nett, Peter Moreno, Radu Tutuian, Johannes Lenglinger
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the gold standard in treatment of morbid obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Resolution of GERD symptoms is reported to be approximately 85% to 90%. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patients with persistent GERD symptoms after RYGB and to identify contributing factors. SETTING: University hospital, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data of patients evaluated for persistent GERD with a history of RYGB between January 2012 and December 2015 were reviewed...
March 8, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625744/long-term-7-or-more-years-outcomes-of-the-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-meta-analysis
#5
Benjamin Clapp, Matthew Wynn, Colin Martyn, Chase Foster, Montana O'Dell, Alan Tyroch
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is now the most common bariatric operation in the United States and has become an established procedure in the armamentarium of the bariatric surgeon. However, this has happened without the strong support of long-term outcomes data, namely the rate of revision and durability of the weight loss. Newly published data from around the world are starting to show alarming trends in these 2 areas. This paper will examine the published and presented data with at least a 7-year follow-up...
March 6, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602713/antral-resection-versus-antral-preservation-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-severe-obesity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Emma Rose McGlone, Ajay K Gupta, Marcus Reddy, Omar A Khan
Although laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is an established operation for severe obesity, there is controversy regarding the extent to which the antrum is excised. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effect on perioperative complications and medium-term outcomes of antral resecting versus antral preserving sleeve gastrectomy. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched from 1946 to April 2017. Eligible studies compared antral resection (staple line commencing 2-3 cm from pylorus) with antral preservation (>5 cm from pylorus) in patients undergoing primary sleeve gastrectomy for obesity...
March 6, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599072/preoperative-immobility-significantly-impacts-the-risk-of-postoperative-complications-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#7
Rana M Higgins, Melissa Helm, Jon C Gould, Tammy L Kindel
BACKGROUND: Preoperative immobility in general surgery patients has been associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications. It is unknown if immobility affects bariatric surgery outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of immobility on 30-day postoperative bariatric surgery outcomes. SETTING: This study took place at a university hospital in the United States. METHODS: The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program 2015 data set was queried for primary minimally invasive bariatric procedures...
March 5, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628405/resting-metabolic-rate-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#8
Roberto de Cleva, Filippe Camarotto Mota, Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Lilian Cardia, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurelio Santo
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in understanding how variation in body composition (BC) and energy expenditure is related to successful weight loss after surgery. It has been suggested that low resting metabolic rate (RMR) could be associated with poor weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation among changes in BC, RMR, and weight loss after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University tertiary care hospital, Brazil. METHODS: A cohort of 45 patients submitted to bariatric surgery was prospectively studied...
March 1, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576483/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-analysis-2004-2012
#9
LETTER
Thomas R McCarty, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Andrew Lange, Lamia Haque, Basile Njei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567054/electrical-stimulation-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-to-address-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#10
Yves Borbély, Nicole Bouvy, Henning G Schulz, Leonardo Antonio Rodriguez, Camilo Ortiz, Alejandro Nieponice
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) can result in de novo and worsen preexisting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Post-LSG patients with GERD refractory to proton pump inhibitors (PPI) usually undergo more invasive, anatomy-altering Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) electrical stimulation (ES) preserves the anatomy and has been shown to improve outcomes in GERD patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of LES-ES in post-LSG patients with GERD not controlled with maximal PPI therapy...
February 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571636/comment-on-is-preoperative-gastroscopy-necessary-prior-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
EDITORIAL
Kalman P Bencsath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567060/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-a-viable-option-for-an-ambulatory-surgical-procedure-our-52-month-experience
#12
Sepehr Lalezari, Matthew C Musielak, Lisa A Broun, Trace W Curry
BACKGROUND: We present our experience with same-day discharge (without an overnight stay) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in 821 consecutive patients from 2011 to 2015. This is the largest series published to date of patients undergoing ambulatory surgery for such a procedure. OBJECTIVES: To review our outcomes from ambulatory SG over 52 months to determine if SG can be safely performed in the ambulatory setting. SETTING: Ambulatory surgery center...
February 17, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567057/intraoperative-analgesic-regimen-in-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery-a-closer-look
#13
LETTER
Mark C Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571634/the-effect-of-metabolic-surgery-on-nonobese-patients-bmi-30-kg-m-2-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#14
Zhi-Ping Huang, Yan Guo, Chao-Qian Liu, Lin Qi, Da-Jin Zou, Wei-Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND: The influence of metabolic surgery on the glucose and lipid profiles of nonobese body mass index<30 kg/m2 patients with type 2 diabetes, particularly the effect ≥1 year, remains unknown. METHODS: PubMed and Ovid Embase were used. SETTING: University hospitals. RESULTS: In total, 21 studies including 921 patients were examined in this systematic review, the results of which revealed decrease in body mass index, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1C, fasting C-peptide, fasting insulin, homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567056/psychological-behavioral-and-weight-related-aspects-of-patients-undergoing-reoperative-bariatric-surgery-after-gastric-band-comparison-with-primary-surgery-patients
#15
Eva Conceição, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Marta de Lourdes, Isabel Brandão, Cristina Teixeira, Paulo P P Machado
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing insufficient weight loss or weight regain in their first bariatric surgery may represent a high-risk group with greater problematic eating and general psychopathology levels, which may compromise the success of a reoperative procedure. OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to describe and compare disordered eating-related psychological and behavioral features of primary and reoperative surgery candidates after gastric band. SETTING: Hospital center and university in Portugal...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544702/comment-on-increased-circulating-magnesium-concentrations-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
EDITORIAL
Gladys Witt Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477376/is-preoperative-gastroscopy-necessary-before-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#17
Tuure Saarinen, Ulla Kettunen, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Anne Juuti
BACKGROUND: Consensus on the necessity of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before bariatric surgery is lacking. Recommendations and practices vary by country and unit. Several reports have expressed concerns on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its consequences after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and the risk of leaving a premalignant lesion in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVES: We explored the number and types of clinically significant findings in preoperative EGDs and how they associate with preexisting GERD-symptoms (SG) and premalignant lesions (RYGB)...
February 14, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571635/lack-of-correlation-between-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-symptoms-and-esophageal-lesions-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Emanuele Soricelli, Giovanni Casella, Giovanni Baglio, Roberta Maselli, Ilaria Ernesti, Alfredo Genco
BACKGROUND: The postoperative development or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents the major drawback of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG). A GERD diagnosis is often based only on symptoms and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) intake, while objective tests like esophagogastroduodenoscopy and pH measurements are performed less frequently. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between reflux symptoms and GERD-related esophageal lesions. SETTINGS: University hospital, Rome, Italy...
February 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567055/long-term-follow-up-of-disease-specific-quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#19
Simon Biron, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Yves Lacasse
BACKGROUND: Substantial improvements in health-related quality of life measured by generic questionnaires (most often the Short Form-36) have been noted over the long term in patients with morbid obesity who had undergone bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: To obtain long-term follow-up data on disease-specific quality of life in patients who underwent bariatric surgery (biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) in 2007 to 2008. SETTING: Québec Heart and Lung Institute, Québec, Canada...
February 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555468/an-enhanced-recovery-program-for-bariatric-surgical-patients-significantly-reduces-perioperative-opioid-consumption-and-postoperative-nausea
#20
Adam B King, Matthew D Spann, Patrick Jablonski, Jonathan P Wanderer, Warren S Sandberg, Matthew D McEvoy
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently remain in the hospital after bariatric surgery due to pain, nausea, and inability to tolerate oral intake. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) concepts address these perioperative complications and therefore improve length of stay for bariatric surgery patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine if ERAS concepts increase the proportion of patients discharged on postoperative day 1. Secondary objectives included mean length of stay, perioperative opioid use, emergency department visits, and readmissions...
February 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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