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Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428054/modified-nanoparticle-mediated-il-12-immunogene-therapy-for-colon-cancer
#1
Xiaoxiao Liu, Xiang Gao, Songping Zheng, Bilan Wang, Yanyan Li, Chanjuan Zhao, Yagmur Muftuoglu, Song Chen, Ying Li, Haiyan Yao, Hui Sun, Qing Mao, Chao You, Gang Guo, Yuquan Wei
For the past few years, immunotherapy has recently shown considerable clinical benefit in CRC therapy, and the application of immunologic therapies in cancer treatments continues to increase perennially. Interleukin-12, an ideal candidate for tumor immunotherapy, could activate both innate and adaptive immunities. In this study, we developed a novel gene delivery system with a self-assembly method by MPEG-PLA and DOTAP(DMP) with zeta-potential value of 38.5mV and size of 37.5nm. The supernatant of lymphocytes treated with supernatant from Ct26 transfected pIL12 with DMP could inhibit Ct26 cells growth ex vivo...
April 17, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428053/discrimination-between-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-using-phage-display-identified-peptides-and-virus-mimicking-synthetic-nanoparticles
#2
Sonia Facchin, Liboria Digiglio, Renata D'Incà, Elisabetta Casarin, Elisa Dassie, Monica Dettin, Annj Zamuner, Andrea Buda, Michele De Boni, Duilio Della Libera, Alessandra D'Urso, Giacomo Carlo Sturniolo, Margherita Morpurgo
Discrimination between Crohn Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is an unsolved clinical issue in up to 10-15% of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. We developed a method capable to discriminate between the two clinical conditions by combining random peptide phage display screenings and nanoparticle (NP) based assays. We identified two peptides able to recognize selectively biopsies of inflamed mucosa of either CD or UC patients. The peptides were integrated into synthetic virus-mimicking nanoassemblies using a poly-avidin NP platform...
April 17, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428052/opening-eyes-to-nanomedicine-where-we-are-challenges-and-expectations-on-nanotherapy-for-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
REVIEW
Elisa J Campos, António Campos, João Martins, António Francisco Ambrósio
People affected with ocular diseases will significantly increase over the next decades, and, consequently, a substantial increase in health costs is expected. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common chronic complication of diabetes. The treatment of eye diseases affecting the posterior segment, such as diabetic retinopathy, is quite challenging due to the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the eye. Therefore, the development of new therapeutics for posterior eye diseases has been a major focus of pharmaceutical research in the area of vision sciences...
April 17, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428051/cell-penetrating-peptide-cgkrk-mediates-efficient-and-widespread-targeting-of-bladder-mucosa-following-focal-injury
#4
James I Griffin, Siu Kit Kevin Cheng, Tomoko Hayashi, Dennis Carson, Manju Saraswathy, Devatha P Nair, Dmitri Simberg
The bladder presents an attractive target for topical drug delivery. The barrier function of the bladder mucosa (urothelium) presents a penetration challenge for small molecules and nanoparticles. We found that focal mechanical injury of the urothelium greatly enhances the binding and penetration of intravesically-administered cell-penetrating peptide CGKRK (Cys-Gly-Lys-Arg-Lys). Notably, the CGKRK bound to the entire urothelium, and the peptide was able to penetrate into the muscular layer. This phenomenon was not dependent on intravesical bleeding and was not caused by an inflammatory response...
April 17, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414074/a-novel-chemotherapy-drug-free-delivery-system-composed-of-three-therapeutic-aptamers-for-the-treatment-of-prostate-and-breast-cancers-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#5
Khalil Abnous, Noor Mohammad Danesh, Mohammad Ramezani, Rezvan Yazdian-Robati, Mona Alibolandi, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
In this study, a novel chemotherapy drug-free DNA nanocomplex composed of three therapeutic aptamers (IDA, AS1411 and apMNK2F) was designed for treatment of cancer cells. For MTT assay, PC-3 and 4T1 cells (target cells) and CHO cells (nontarget cells) were treated with apMNK2F-AS1411-IDA complex (DNA nanocomplex), as well as AS1411, IDA and apMNK2F alone. Internalization of apMNK2F-AS1411-IDA complex was analyzed by fluorescence imaging and flow cytometry analysis. In the last step, the presented DNA nanocomplex was applied for prohibition of tumor growth in vivo...
April 13, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412144/quantitative-microscopy-based-measurements-of-circulating-nanoparticle-concentration-using-microliter-blood-volumes
#6
Gregory T Tietjen, Jenna DiRito, Jordan S Pober, W Mark Saltzman
Nanoparticles (NPs) are potential drug delivery vehicles for treatment of a broad range of diseases. Intravenous (IV) administration, the most common form of delivery, is relatively non-invasive and provides (in theory) access throughout the circulatory system. However, in practice, many IV injected NPs are quickly eliminated by specialized phagocytes in the liver and spleen. Consequently, new materials have been developed with the capacity to significantly extend the circulating half-life of IV administered NPs...
April 13, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412143/thermo-sensitive-assembly-of-the-biomaterial-rep-reduces-hematoma-volume-following-collagenase-induced-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-rats
#7
Joohyun Park, Jong Youl Kim, Seong-Kyoon Choi, Jae Young Kim, Jae Hwan Kim, Won Bae Jeon, Jong Eun Lee
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) frequently results in severe disabilities and high mortality. RGD-containing Elastin-Like Polypeptide (REP), a modified Elastin-Like Polypeptide (ELP), is a thermally responsive biopolymer. REP has high affinity for cells and is known to show non-immunotoxicity, -cytotoxicity, and -inflammatory responses. Here we found that administration of REP in the acute phase of the ICH rat model reduced the hematoma volume, decreased the number of activated microglia, attenuated the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF), and prevented the leakage of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) into the cerebral parenchyma without any occlusion of intact microvessels...
April 12, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404518/nanoparticle-fullerol-alleviates-radiculopathy-via-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-neuropeptides
#8
Li Jin, Mengmeng Ding, Azra Oklopcic, Bayan Aghdasi, Li Xiao, Ziyi Li, Vesna Jevtovic-Todorovic, Xudong Li
The present study aimed to evaluate the analgesic effect of the antioxidant nanoparticle fullerol in a mouse radiculopathy and a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) culture models. Intervertebral disc degeneration causes significant hyperalgesia and nerve inflammation. Pain sensitization and inflammatory reaction were counteracted by fullerol when disc material was bathed in 10 or 100μM of fullerol prior to implantation. Immunohistochemistry showed similar massive IBA1 positive macrophage infiltration surrounding implanted disc material among groups, but IL-1β and IL-6 expression was decreased in fullerol treated group...
April 9, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400160/intraocular-application-of-gold-nanodisks-optically-tuned-for-optical-coherence-tomography-inhibitory-effect-on-retinal-neovascularization-without-unbearable-toxicity
#9
Hyun Beom Song, Jung-Sub Wi, Dong Hyun Jo, Jin Hyoung Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Tae Geol Lee, Jeong Hun Kim
Bare gold nanospheres have been shown to have anti-angiogenic effects but are optically unfavorable because their resonant wavelength lies in the visible spectrum. Here, we design gold nanodisks with a higher scattering capability than gold nanorods and with a resonant wavelength at near-infrared region - the area where the source of light utilized by optical coherence tomography (OCT) lies. With a physical synthesis system, we then fabricate 160-nm-sized gold nanodisks exhibiting resonant wavelength at 830 nm...
April 8, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400159/nanotubular-topography-enhances-the-bioactivity-of-titanium-implants
#10
Jingyan Huang, Xinchun Zhang, Wangxiang Yan, Zhipei Chen, Xintao Shuai, Anxun Wang, Yan Wang
Surface modification on titanium implants plays an important role in promoting mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) response to enhance osseointegration persistently. In this study, nano-scale TiO2 nanotube topography (TNT), micro-scale sand blasted-acid etched topography (SLA), and hybrid sand blasted-acid etched/nanotube topography (SLA/TNT) were fabricated on the surfaces of titanium implants. Although the initial cell adherence at 60 min among TNT, SLA and TNT/SLA was not different, SLA and SLA/TNT presented to be rougher and suppressed the proliferation of MSC...
April 8, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366819/direct-detection-of-nano-scale-extracellular-vesicles-derived-from-inflammation-triggered-endothelial-cells-using-surface-plasmon-resonance
#11
Baharak Hosseinkhani, Nynke van den Akker, Jan D'Haen, Mick Gagliardi, Tom Struys, Ivo Lambrichts, Johannes Waltenberger, Inge Nelissen, Jef Hooyberghs, Daniel G M Molin, Luc Michiels
A major conceptual breakthrough in cell signaling has been the finding of EV as new biomarker shuttles in body fluids. Now, one of the major challenges in using these nanometer-sized biological entities as diagnostic marker is the development of translational methodologies to profile them. SPR offers a promising label-free and real time platform with a high potential for biomarker detection. Therefore, we aimed to develop a uniform SPR methodology to detect specific surface markers on EV derived from patient with CHD...
March 30, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365418/higher-functionality-of-extracellular-vesicles-isolated-using-size-exclusion-chromatography-compared-to-ultracentrifugation
#12
Emma A Mol, Marie-José Goumans, Pieter A Doevendans, Joost P G Sluijter, Pieter Vader
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nano-sized, lipid bilayer-enclosed particles involved in intercellular communication. EVs are increasingly being considered as drug delivery vehicles or as cell-free approach to regenerative medicine. However, one of the major challenges for their clinical application is finding a scalable EV isolation method that yields functional EVs. Although the golden standard for EV isolation is ultracentrifugation (UC), a recent study suggested that isolation using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) yielded EVs with more intact biophysical properties...
March 30, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365417/fullerenol-inhibits-the-cross-talk-between-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-tumor-cells-by-regulating-mapk-signaling
#13
Xin Nie, Jinglong Tang, Ying Liu, Rong Cai, Qing Miao, Yuliang Zhao, Chunying Chen
The interaction between bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BDMSCs) and tumor cells promotes tumor proliferation and metastasis. We found that 4T1 breast cancer cells induced malignant differentiation of BDMSCs and that BDMSCs also affected the growth and metastasis of 4T1 cells. However, when the interaction between BDMSCs and 4T1 cells was attenuated or blocked by C60(OH)22 nanoparticles, tumor growth and metastasis were significantly suppressed. The suppression of metastasis depended on the activation of MAPK signals in the BDMSCs, whereas the underlying pathways were related to a broad range of extracellular responses and were modulated by the secretion of multiple cytokines...
March 30, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363771/gold-nanoshell-based-betulinic-acid-liposomes-for-synergistic-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#14
Yanping Liu, Xuwu Zhang, Zhiwei Liu, Longgang Wang, Liyao Luo, Meili Wang, Qianqian Wang, Dawei Gao
A novel synthesis approach is first developed to fabricate a multifunctional smart nanodrug delivery system: gold nanoshell-coated betulinic acid liposomes (AuNS-BA-Lips) mediated by a glutathione. The AuNS-BA-Lips exhibited good size distribution (149.4±2.4nm), preferable photothermal conversion ability and synergistic chemo-photothermal therapy. Additionally, the absorption wavelength of AuNS-BA-Lips showed a significantly red-shifted to near infrared (NIR) region, which can strongly absorbed NIR laser and efficiently convert it into localized heat, thus providing controlled drug release and antitumor thermotherapy...
March 29, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363770/lectin-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-endoscopic-detection-of-premalignant-colonic-lesions
#15
Nai-Tzu Chen, Jeffrey S Souris, Shih-Hsun Cheng, Chia-Hui Chu, Yu-Chao Wang, Vani Konda, Urszula Dougherty, Marc Bissonnette, Chung-Yuan Mou, Chin-Tu Chen, Leu-Wei Lo
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-deaths worldwide. Methods for the early in situ detection of colorectal adenomatous polyps and their precursors - prior to their malignancy transformation into CRC - are urgently needed. Unfortunately at present, the primary diagnostic method, colonoscopy, can only detect polyps and carcinomas by shape/morphology; with sessile polyps more likely to go unnoticed than polypoid lesions. Here we describe our development of polyp-targeting, fluorescently-labeled mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) that serve as targeted endoscopic contrast agents for the early detection of colorectal polyps and cancer...
March 29, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363091/corrigendum-to-afm-nanoindentation-detection-of-the-elastic-modulus-of-tongue-squamous-carcinoma-cells-with-different-metastatic-potentials-nanomedicine-9-2013-864-874
#16
Zhuolong Zhou, Chaoxu Zheng, Su Li, Xiaofeng Zhou, Zhonghua Liu, Qianting He, Ningning Zhang, Alfonso Ngan, Bin Tang, Anxun Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343019/a-new-opportunity-for-nanomedicines-micellar-cytochrome-p450-inhibitors-to-improve-drug-efficacy-in-a-cancer-therapy-model
#17
Marion Paolini, Laurence Poul, Audrey Darmon, Matthieu Germain, Agnès Pottier, Laurent Levy, Eric Vibert
Nanomedicines are mainly used as drug delivery systems; here we evaluate a new application - to inhibit a drug's metabolism thereby enhancing its effective dose. Micelles containing the natural furanocoumarin 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (DHB), a known CYP450 inhibitor, were developed to transiently block hepatic CYP450-mediated drug metabolism and increase the bioavailability of the oncology drug docetaxel. Administered in mice 24h prior to the drug, DHB-micelles enhanced antitumor efficacy in the tumor xenograft models HT-29 and MDA-MB-231, when compared to the drug alone...
March 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343018/cus-as-a-gatekeeper-of-mesoporous-upconversion-nanoparticles-based-drug-controlled-release-system-for-tumor-targeted-multimodal-imaging-and-synergetic-chemo-thermotherapy
#18
Xiangjie Su, Feifei Zhao, Yuhui Wang, Xiaosa Yan, Shaona Jia, Bin Du
In this work, a tumor-targeted multifunctional mesoporous upconversion nanoparticle-based drug controlled release system was developed for UCL/MRI/PAT guided synergetic chemo-thermotherapy. Herein, the core-shell mesoporous upconversion nanoparticles served as drug carrier exhibiting higher upconversion luminescence emission intensity, with CuS as a gatekeeper through a cleavable disulfide bond under the influence of glutathione. CuS could not only prevent drug from early release during the delivery but also improve the delivery system function with the ability of photothermal therapy and photoacoustic tomography...
March 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343017/%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-an-efficient-nanocarrier-for-advanced-delivery-systems
#19
REVIEW
Zahra Shafaei, Behafarid Ghalandari, Akbar Vaseghi, Adeleh Divsalar, Thomas Haertlé, Ali Akbar Saboury, Lindsay Sawyer
Thanks to the progress of nanotechnology there are several agent-delivery systems that can be selected to achieve rapid and specific delivery of a wide variety of biologically active agents. Consequently, the manipulation and engineering of biopolymers has become one of the most exciting subjects for those who study delivery systems on the nanoscale. In this regard, both nanoparticle formation and a carrier role have been observed in the case of the globular milk whey protein, β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), setting it apart from many other proteins...
March 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343016/evaluation-of-antitumor-activity-and-cardiac-toxicity-of-a-bone-targeted-ph-sensitive-liposomal-formulation-in-a-bone-metastasis-tumor-model-in-mice
#20
Diego Dos Santos Ferreira, Bruno Luís Jesus de Oliveira Pinto, Vidhya Kumar, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso, Simone Odília Fernandes, Cristina Maria Souza, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Anna Moore, David Sosnovik, Christian Farrar, Elaine Amaral Leite, Ricardo José Alves, Mônica Cristina de Oliveira, Alexander Ramos Guimarães, Peter Caravan
Chemotherapy for bone tumors is a major challenge because of the inability of therapeutics to penetrate dense bone mineral. We hypothesize that a nanostructured formulation with high affinity for bone could deliver drug to the tumor while minimizing off-target toxicity. Here, we evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of a novel bone-targeted, pH-sensitive liposomal formulation containing doxorubicin in an animal model of bone metastasis. Biodistribution studies with the liposome showed good uptake in tumor, but low accumulation of doxorubicin in the heart...
March 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
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