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Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine

Jing Li, Xiao Liang, Jun Zhang, Yunzhi Yin, Tiantian Zuo, Yiyue Wang, Xiaoming Yang, Qi Shen
In this study, heparin and polyethyleneimine-folic acid modified graphene oxide was designed and synthesized as a dual-targeting biomaterial to load doxorubicin (DOX@GPFH) with high loading capacity for enhanced cellular uptake. GDC0941, a phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/Akt phosphorylation inhibitor, was selected to enhance anti-metastasis effect of DOX@GPFH via down-regulating expression of matrix metalloproteinase. Modified with heparin, the stability of DOX@GPFH was significantly enhanced and the drug loading ratio increased largely from 64...
March 12, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Benjamin D Fellows, Nardine Ghobrial, Elliot Mappus, Andrew Hargett, Mark Bolding, Delphine Dean, Olin Thompson Mefford
Restenosis by neointimal hyperplasia is still an ongoing concern in endovascular surgery. Slowing vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by reversing the phenotype change, would allow vessel healing and re-endotheliazation. To accomplish this, we have developed heparin-coated magnetic nanoparticles for targeted drug therapy of neointimal hyperplasia. Iron oxide nanoparticles were modified with a poly (ethylene oxide) based coating and then further functionalized with heparin. In vitro experiments were conducted to observe changes in phenotype, metabolic activity, and viability of three relevant cell lines including VSMC, endothelial cells and fibroblasts...
March 8, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Tarani Kanta Barman, Manoj Kumar, Tridib Chaira, Manu Dalela, Dikshi Gupta, Paras Kumar Jha, Ajay Singh Yadav, Dilip J Upadhyay, V Samuel Raj, Harpal Singh
RBx 11,760 is a bi-aryl oxazolidinone antibacterial agent active against Staphylococcus aureus but has poor solubility. Here we have encapsulated RBx 11,760 in PLA-PEG NPs with an aim to improve physicochemical, pharmacokinetics and in vivo efficacy. The average size and zeta potential of RBx 11,760 loaded NPs were found to be 106.4 nm and -22.2 mV, respectively. The absolute size of nanoparticles by HRTEM was found to be approximately 80 nm. In vitro antibacterial agar well diffusion assay showed clear zone of inhibition of bacterial growth...
March 7, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Xiao-Hui Jin, Lan-Lan Zheng, Mei-Rong Song, Wei-Song Xu, Ya-Nan Kou, Yong Zhou, Li-Wei Zhang, Yan-Ning Zhu, Bo Wan, Zhan-Yong Wei, Gai-Ping Zhang
Inactivated transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) vaccines are widely used in swine herds in China. These are limited, however, by the need to elicit both humoral and cellular immunity, as well as the efficiency of adjuvants. In this study, a 70-nm nano silicon particle was applied with inactivated TGEV vaccine in mice, and its immune-enhancing effects and mechanism of action investigated. We found that nano silicon applied with inactivated TGEV vaccine induced high antibody titers, increase IL-6, TNF-α and IFN-γ expression, and stimulate CD3+ T cell proliferation with a high CD4+/CD8+ T lymphocyte ratio...
March 1, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Kaikai Hu, Xiaohui Chen, Wuya Chen, Lingkun Zhang, Jian Li, Jialin Ye, Yuxiao Zhang, Li Zhang, Chu-Hua Li, Liang Yin, Yan-Qing Guan
Parkinson's disease (PD) is second most common neurodegenerative disorder worldwide. Although drugs and surgery can relieve the symptoms of PD, these therapies are incapable of fundamentally treating the disease. For PD patients, over-expression of α-synuclein (SNCA) leads to the death of dopaminergic neurons. This process can be prevented by suppressing SNCA over-expression through RNA interference. Here, we successfully synthesized gold nanoparticles (GNP) composites (CTS@GNP-pDNA-NGF) via the combination of electrostatic adsorption and photochemical immobilization, which could load plasmid DNA (pDNA) and target specific cell types...
February 20, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Xia Dong, Zhiting Sun, Jie Liang, Hai Wang, Dunwan Zhu, Xigang Leng, Chun Wang, Deling Kong, Feng Lv
Accurate and efficient antigen delivery is crucial for inducing a strong and long-term immune response. A visible protein nanovaccine made from antigen could provide a novel and promising technology for secure and efficient delivery of the antigen with imaging visualization. In this study, a functional nanovaccine based on genipin crosslinked ovalbumin (OVA) fluorescent nanoparticles with chitosan (CS-OVA-NPs) was developed. The nanovaccine can carry abundant antigens by self-crosslinking without additional carriers...
February 20, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Daniel Coluccia, Carlyn A Figueiredo, Megan YiJun Wu, Alexandra N Riemenschneider, Roberto Diaz, Amanda Luck, Christian Smith, Sunit Das, Cameron Ackerley, Meaghan O'Reilly, Kullervo Hynynen, James T Rutka
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor resulting in high rates of morbidity and mortality. A strategy to increase the efficacy of available drugs and enhance the delivery of chemotherapeutics through the blood brain barrier (BBB) is desperately needed. We investigated the potential of Cisplatin conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-UP-Cis) in combination with MR-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) to intensify GBM treatment. Viability assays demonstrated that GNP-UP-Cis greatly inhibits the growth of GBM cells compared to free cisplatin and shows marked synergy with radiation therapy...
February 19, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
A I Gonçalves, M Rotherham, H Markides, M T Rodrigues, R L Reis, M E Gomes, A J El Haj
Stem cell therapies hold potential to stimulate tendon regeneration and homeostasis, which is maintained in response to the native mechanical environment. Activins are members of the mechano-responsive TGF-β superfamily that participates in the regulation of several downstream biological processes. Mechanosensitive membrane receptors such as activin can be activated in different types of stem cells via magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) through remote magnetic actuation resulting in cell differentiation. In this work, we target the Activin receptor type IIA (ActRIIA) in human adipose stem cells (hASCs), using anti-ActRIIA functionalized MNPs, externally activated through a oscillating magnetic bioreactor...
February 19, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Laura Isabel Vossen, Ela Markovsky, Anat Eldar-Boock, Harald Rune Tschiche, Stefanie Wedepohl, Evgeny Pisarevsky, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro, Marcelo Calderón
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is found to be a stem-cell marker in several tumor types and its overexpression is known to correlate with increased metastatic capacity. To combine extravasation- and ligand-dependent targeting to NCAM overexpressing-cells in the tumor microenvironment, we developed a PEGylated NCAM-targeted dendritic polyglycerol (PG) conjugate. Here, we describe the synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and biological evaluation of a PG conjugate bearing the mitotic inhibitor paclitaxel (PTX) and an NCAM-targeting peptide (NTP)...
February 19, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Wei Yu, Mingzhou Ye, Jian Zhu, Yitian Wang, Chengzhen Liang, Jianbin Tang, Huimin Tao, Youqing Shen
Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) is a highly potent second-generation photosensitizer for cancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) with attractive photo-physical and photo-chemical properties. However, poor solubility and strong trend of crystallization prevent it from loading in most of drug delivery systems and hamper its further application. Herein, to overcome this problem, an amphiphilic block copolymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly[2-(methylacryloyl)ethylnicotinate] (PEG-PMAN) with aromatic nicotinate is used to load ZnPc for their π-π interactions...
February 17, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Mi Zhou, Nan-Xin Liu, Si-Rong Shi, Yong Li, Qi Zhang, Quan-Quan Ma, Tao-Ran Tian, Wen-Juan Ma, Xiao-Xiao Cai, Yun-Feng Lin
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) derived from the human dental pulp tissue have multiple differentiation capabilities, such as osteo/odontogenic differentiation. Therefore, DPSCs are deemed as ideal stem cell sources for tissue regeneration. As new nanomaterials based on DNA, tetrahedral DNA nanostructures (TDNs) have tremendous potential for biomedical applications. Here, the authors aimed to explore the part played by TDNs in proliferation and osteo/odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs, and attempted to investigate if these cellular responses could be driven by activating the canonical Notch signaling pathway...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Sofia Raniolo, Giulia Vindigni, Alessio Ottaviani, Valeria Unida, Federico Iacovelli, Antonio Manetto, Mariangela Figini, Lorenzo Stella, Alessandro Desideri, Silvia Biocca
Selective targeting is a crucial property of nanocarriers used for drug delivery in cancer therapy. We generated biotinylated octahedral DNA nanocages functionalized with folic acid through bio-orthogonal conjugation chemistry. Molecular modelling indicated that a distance of about 2.5 nm between folic acid and DNA nanocage avoids steric hindrance with the folate receptor. HeLa cells, a folate receptor positive tumour cell line, internalize folate-DNA nanocages with efficiency greater than 40 times compared to cells not expressing the folate receptors...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Yuanyuan Liu, Lian Li, Lijia Li, Zhou Zhou, Fengling Wang, Xiaofeng Xiong, Rui Zhou, Yuan Huang
Requirements on drug delivery systems to surmount a complex series of pathophysiological barriers bear "cascading contradictions", especially size and hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity contradiction. Herein, a programmed drug delivery system (GNPs-Dox-Lac) based on optimized "size decrease and hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity transformation" was developed by combination the gelatin nanoparticle (GNPs) and prodrug Doxorubicin-Lactose (Dox-Lac). The results showed that GNPs-Dox-Lac (133.3 nm) were kinetically stable in blood circulation and inclined to accumulate at the tumor site...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Amanda Cano, Miren Ettcheto, Marta Espina, Carmen Auladell, Ana Cristina Calpena, Jaume Folch, Marta Barenys, Elena Sánchez-López, Antoni Camins, Maria Luisa García
Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common type of pharmacoresistant epilepsy in adults. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate has aroused much interest because of its multiple therapeutic effects, but its instability compromises the potential effectiveness. PEGylated-PLGA nanoparticles of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate were designed to protect the drug and to increase the brain delivery. Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method and cytotoxicity, behavioural, Fluoro-Jade C, Iba1 and GFAP immunohistochemistry studies were carried out to determine their effectiveness...
February 15, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Visuta Engkagul, I-Yanut Klaharn, Suwabun Chirachanchai, Amornpun Sereemaspun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Jia-Wei Lu, Fan Yang, Qin-Fei Ke, Xue-Tao Xie, Ya-Ping Guo
For effectively treating tumor related-bone defects, design and fabrication of multifunctional biomaterials still remain a great challenge. Herein, we firstly fabricated magnetic SrFe 12 O 19 nanoparticles modified-mesoporous bioglass (BG)/chitosan (CS) porous scaffold (MBCS) with excellent bone regeneration and antitumor function. The as-produced magnetic field from MBCS promoted the expression levels of osteogenic-related genes (OCN, COL1, Runx2 and ALP) and the new bone regeneration by activated BMP-2/Smad/Runx2 pathway...
February 12, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Ruchuon Yokchom, Somsak Laiwejpithaya, Weerakanya Maneeprakorn, Satita Tapaneeyakorn, Jundee Rabablert, Tararaj Dharakul
The aim of this study was to develop a paper-based immunosensor for cervical cancer screening, with signal amplification by multifunctionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The AuNPs were functionalized with a highly specific antibody to the p16INK4a cancer biomarker. The signal was amplified using a combination of the peroxidase activity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme-antibody conjugate and the peroxidase-like activity of the AuNPs. The immune complex of p16INK4a protein and multifunctionalized AuNPs was deposited on the nitrocellulose membrane, and a positive result was generated by catalytic oxidation of peroxidase enzyme substrate 3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)...
February 3, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Robert A Harper, Mais M Saleh, Guy Carpenter, Vincenzo Abbate, Gordon Proctor, Richard D Harvey, Robert J Gambogi, Anthony Geonnotti, Robert Hider, Stuart A Jones
'Soft' nanomaterials have the potential to produce substantive antibiofilm effects. The aim of this study was to understand the oral antimicrobial activity of soft nanomaterials generated from alpha-tocopherol (α-T) and alpha-tocopherol phosphate (α-TP). (+) α-TP formed planar bilayer islands (175 ± 21 nm, -14.9 ± 3.5 mV) in a Trizma® buffer, whereas (+) α-T formed spherical liposomes (563 ± 1 nm, -10.5 ± 0.2 mV). The (+) α-TP bilayers displayed superior Streptococcus oralis biofilm growth retardation, a more substantive action, generated a superior adsorption to hydroxyapatite and showed an enhanced inhibition of multi-species bacterial saliva biofilm growth (38 ± 7μm vs 58 ± 18 μm, P ˂ 0...
February 2, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Ana Filipa Guedes, Filomena A Carvalho, Marco M Domingues, Fraser L Macrae, Helen R McPherson, Nuno C Santos, Robert A S Ariёns
Plasma fibrinogen includes an alternatively spliced γ-chain variant (γ'), which mainly exists as a heterodimer (γAγ') and has been associated with thrombosis. We tested γAγ' fibrinogen-red blood cells (RBCs) interaction using atomic force microscopy-based force spectroscopy, magnetic tweezers, fibrin clot permeability, scanning electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscopy. Data reveal higher work necessary for RBC-RBC detachment in the presence of γAγ' rather than γAγA fibrinogen. γAγ' fibrinogen-RBCs interaction is followed by changes in fibrin network structure, which forms an heterogeneous clot structure with areas of denser and highly branched fibrin fibers...
February 1, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
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