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Chang Guo, Alison Buckley, Tim Marczylo, Joanna Seiffert, Isabella Römer, James Warren, Alan Hodgson, Kian Fan Chung, Timothy W Gant, Rachel Smith, Martin O Leonard
Experimental modeling to identify specific inhalation hazards for nanomaterials has in the main focused on in vivo approaches. However, these models suffer from uncertainties surrounding species-specific differences and cellular targets for biologic response. In terms of pulmonary exposure, approaches which combine 'inhalation-like' nanoparticulate aerosol deposition with relevant human cell and tissue air-liquid interface cultures are considered an important complement to in vivo work. In this study, we utilized such a model system to build on previous results from in vivo exposures, which highlighted the small airway epithelium as a target for silver nanoparticle (AgNP) deposition...
May 11, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Yueli Chen, Jinquan Li, Zhongxue Yuan, Jianghua Feng, Zhong Chen
Core-shell structured Fe3 O4 @SiO2 -NH2 nanoparticles (Fe@Si-NPs) demonstrated outstanding potentials in drug targeting and delivery and medical imaging. However, they have limited clinical applications due to unknown chronic bio-effects and potential bio-related risks. In this study, the subchronic biological effects and metabolic fate of 20 nm Fe@Si-NPs in Sprague-Dawley rats in 12 weeks were investigated by the biochemical assay and NMR-based metabonomic analysis using an intravenous model. Biofluids (plasma and urine) analysis provided the transportation, absorption, and excretion information of Fe@Si-NPs...
May 10, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Yke Jildouw Arnoldussen, Vidar Skaug, Mona Aleksandersen, Erik Ropstad, Kristine Haugen Anmarkrud, Elin Einarsdottir, Fang Chin-Lin, Cesilie Granum Bjørklund, Mayes Kasem, Einar Eilertsen, Ron N Apte, Shanbeh Zienolddiny
Upon inhalation, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) may reach the subpleura and pleural spaces, and induce pleural inflammation and/or mesothelioma in humans. However, the mechanisms of MWCNT-induced pathology after direct intrapleural injections are still only partly elucidated. In particular, a role of the proinflammatory interleukin-1 (IL-1) cytokines in pleural inflammation has so far not been published. We examined the MWCNT-induced pleural inflammation, gene expression abnormalities, and the modifying role of IL-1α and β cytokines following intrapleural injection of two types of MWCNTs (CNT-1 and CNT-2) compared with crocidolite asbestos in IL-1 wild-type (WT) and IL-1α/β KO (IL1-KO) mice...
May 9, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Guoliang Li, Lihong Liang, Jingchao Yang, Lihai Zeng, Zhiwei Xie, Yizhou Zhong, Xiaolin Ruan, Ming Dong, Zhanhong Yang, Guanchao Lai, Weixin Huang, Aichu Yang, Jiabing Chen, Banghua Wu, Huaming Xu, Dezhi Meng, Shijie Hu, Lihua Xia, Xingfen Yang, Laiyu Li, Sahoko Ichihara, Gaku Ichihara, Hanlin Huang, Zhenlie Huang
Calcium carbonate nanomaterials (nano-CaCO3 ) are widely used in both manufacturing and consumer products, but their potential health hazards remain unclear. The objective of this study was to survey workplace exposure levels and health effects of workers exposed to nano-CaCO3 . Personal and area sampling, as well as real-time and dust monitoring, were performed to characterize mass exposure, particle size distribution, and particle number exposure. A total of 56 workers (28 exposed workers and 28 unexposed controls) were studied in a cross-sectional study...
May 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Margriet Vdz Park, Julia Catalán, Natalia Ferraz, Joan Cabellos, Ralph Vanhauten, Socorro Vázquez-Campos, Gemma Janer
Within the EU FP-7 GUIDEnano project, a methodology was developed to systematically quantify the similarity between a nanomaterial (NM) that has been tested in toxicity studies and the NM for which risk needs to be evaluated, for the purpose of extrapolating toxicity data between the two materials. The methodology is a first attempt to use current knowledge on NM property-hazard relationships to develop a series of pragmatic and systematic rules for assessing NM similarity. Moreover, the methodology takes into account the practical feasibility, in that it is based on generally available NM characterization information...
May 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Yongming Liu, Huan Yu, Xihui Zhang, Yong Wang, Zhentao Song, Jian Zhao, Haibin Shi, Ruibin Li, Yangyun Wang, Leshuai W Zhang
Bismuth is widely used in metallurgy, cosmetic industry, and medical diagnosis and recently, bismuth nanoparticles (NPs) (BiNP) have been made and proved to be excellent CT imaging agents. Previously, we have synthesized bovine serum albumin based BiNP for imaging purpose but we found a temporary kidney injury by BiNP. Due to the reported adverse events of bismuth on human health, we extended our studies on the mechanisms for BiNP induced nephrotoxicity. Blood biochemical analysis indicated the increase in creatinine (CREA) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and intraluminal cast formation with cell apoptosis/necrosis was evident in proximal convoluted tubules (PCTs) of mice...
May 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Martin Ogonowski, Ulrica Edlund, Elena Gorokhova, Margareta Linde, Karin Ek, Birgitta Liewenborg, Oda Könnecke, Julien R G Navarro, Magnus Breitholtz
Cellulose nanofibril (CNF)-based materials are increasingly used in industrial and commercial applications. However, the impacts of CNF on aquatic life are poorly understood, and there are concerns regarding their potential toxicity. Using a combination of standard ecotoxicological tests and feeding experiments, we assessed the effects of CNF exposure (0.206-20.6 mg/L) on the feeding (food uptake and gut residence time) and life-history traits (growth and reproduction) in the cladoceran Daphnia magna. No mortality was observed in a 48 h acute exposure at 2060 mg/L...
May 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Joseph D T Ndika, Jukka Sund, Harri Alenius, Anne Puustinen
Understanding the relationship between adverse exposure events and specific material properties will facilitate predictive classification of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) according to their mechanisms of action, and a safe-by-design approach for the next generation of CNTs. Mass-spectrometry-based proteomics is a reliable tool to uncover the molecular dynamics of hazardous exposures, yet challenges persist with regards to its limited dynamic range when sampling whole organisms, tissues or cell lysates. Here, the simplicity of the sub-cellular proteome was harnessed to unravel distinctive adverse exposure outcomes at the molecular level, between two CNT subtypes...
April 24, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Zhongyuan Guo, Nicole J Martucci, Yizhong Liu, Eusoo Yoo, Elad Tako, Gretchen J Mahler
The use of nanomaterials to enhance properties of food and improve delivery of orally administered drugs has become common, but the potential health effects of these ingested nanomaterials remain unknown. The goal of this study is to characterize the properties of silicon dioxide (SiO2 ) nanoparticles (NP) that are commonly used in food and food packaging, and to investigate the effects of physiologically realistic doses of SiO2 NP on gastrointestinal (GI) health and function. In this work, an in vitro model composed of Caco-2 and HT29-MTX co-cultures, which represent absorptive and goblet cells, was used...
April 18, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Yi-Hsien Cheng, Jim E Riviere, Nancy A Monteiro-Riviere, Zhoumeng Lin
This study aimed to conduct an integrated and probabilistic risk assessment of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) based on recently published in vitro and in vivo toxicity studies coupled to a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. Dose-response relationships were characterized based on cell viability assays in various human cell types. A previously well-validated human PBPK model for AuNPs was applied to quantify internal concentrations in liver, kidney, skin, and venous plasma. By applying a Bayesian-based probabilistic risk assessment approach incorporating Monte Carlo simulation, probable human cell death fractions were characterized...
April 14, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Junchao Duan, Shuang Liang, Yang Yu, Yang Li, Lijing Wang, Zehao Wu, Yueyue Chen, Mark R Miller, Zhiwei Sun
Nowadays, nanotechnology environmental health and safety (nanoEHS) is gaining attention. We previously found that silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) could induce vascular endothelial damage. However, the subsequent toxicologic response to SiNPs-induced endothelial damage was still largely unknown. In this study, we explored the inflammation-coagulation response and thrombotic effects of SiNPs in endothelial cells and zebrafish embryos. For in vitro study, swollen mitochondria and autophagosome were observed in ultrastructural analysis...
April 14, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Nan Ye, Zhuang Wang, Se Wang, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
Concomitant releases of various engineered nanoparticles (NPs) into the environment have resulted in concerns regarding their combined toxicity to aquatic organisms. It is however, still elusive to distinguish the contribution to toxicity of components in NP mixtures. In the present study, we quantitatively evaluated the relative contribution of NPs in their particulate form (NP(particle) ) and of dissolved ions released from NPs (NP(ion) ) to the combined toxicity of binary mixtures of ZnO NPs and graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GO NPs) to three aquatic organisms of different trophic levels, including an alga species (Scenedesmus obliquus), a cladoceran species (Daphnia magna), and a freshwater fish larva (Danio rerio)...
April 14, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Sheng-Han Lee, Chuan-Ho Tang, Wan-Yu Lin, Ke-Han Chen, Hao-Jan Liang, Tsun-Jen Cheng, Ching-Yu Lin
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nano- and fine-sized particles are associated with respiratory toxicity in humans, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Our previous nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic study demonstrated that changes in phosphorylcholine-containing lipids (PC-CLs) in the respiratory system were associated with ZnO particle-induced respiratory toxicity. However, the details of the lipid species associated with adverse effects and possible biomarker signatures have not been identified...
April 11, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Giorgia Giovannini, Paul Warncke, Dagmar Fischer, Ondrej Stranik, Andrew J Hall, Vladimir Gubala
When silica nanoparticles (SiNP) are stored in aqueous solution, even for few hours, they have a tendency to form agglomerates and therefore adapt inhomogeneous structures. Here we present a very practical method to store SiNP in responsive hydrogel. We have confirmed that SiNP kept in the responsive hydrogel do not undergo through undesirable morphological changes and while in storage they maintain their excellent colloidal stability. The effect of SiNP hollowing (i.e. dissolution of the core of the particles that leaves empty cavity inside) was significantly inhibited in the hydrogel, which is a critical feature for any nano-medical applications (e...
April 2, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Jonathan W Richter, Gabriella M Shull, John H Fountain, Zhongyuan Guo, Laura P Musselman, Anthony C Fiumera, Gretchen J Mahler
Nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) is a common additive in food and cosmetic products. The goal of this study was to investigate if TiO2 nanoparticles affect intestinal epithelial tissues, normal intestinal function, or metabolic homeostasis using in vitro and in vivo methods. An in vitro model of intestinal epithelial tissue was created by seeding co-cultures of Caco-2 and HT29-MTX cells on a Transwell permeable support. These experiments were repeated with monolayers that had been cultured with the beneficial commensal bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (L...
March 30, 2018: Nanotoxicology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Mithun Sikder, Emily Eudy, G Thomas Chandler, Mohammed Baalousha
Many nanotoxicological studies have assessed the acute toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) at high exposure concentrations. There is a gap in understanding NP chronic environmental effects at lower exposure concentrations. This study reports life-cycle chronic toxicity of sublethal exposures of polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated silver nanoparticles (PVP-AgNPs) relative to dissolved silver nitrate (AgNO3 ) for the estuarine meiobenthic copepod, Amphiascus tenuiremis, over a range of environmentally relevant concentrations, i...
March 19, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Sandrine Charles, Stéphane Jomini, Valérie Fessard, Emilie Bigorgne-Vizade, Christophe Rousselle, Cécile Michel
A review of in vitro genotoxicity studies on titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 -NPs) published between 2010 and 2016 was performed by France in the framework of the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC. Neither the few in vivo studies of low quality nor the larger number of acceptable in vitro studies available for genotoxicity allowed France to conclude on the genotoxicity of TiO2 -NPs. Based on this work, it was decided to compare the acceptable in vitro studies to understand the reasons for the diverging results observed, such as the materials tested or of the protocols used and their inherent interferences...
March 19, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Hailong Hu, Li Li, Qian Guo, He Zong, Yuheng Yan, Yao Yin, Yu Wang, Yuri Oh, Yujie Feng, Qiong Wu, Ning Gu
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) constitute the top five NPs in use today. In this study, oral administration of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) TiO2 NPs increases plasma glucose in mice, whereas 10 and 20 mg/kg b.w. TiO2 NPs did not. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology was used to investigate genome-wide effects of TiO2 NPs. Clustering analysis of the RNA-seq data showed the most significantly enriched gene ontology terms and KEGG pathways related to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and ER stress...
May 2018: Nanotoxicology
Susana I L Gomes, Carlos P Roca, Natália Pegoraro, Tito Trindade, Janeck J Scott-Fordsmand, Mónica J B Amorim
The current testing of nanomaterials (NMs) via standard toxicity tests does not cover many of the NMs specificities. One of the recommendations lays on understanding the mechanisms of action, as these can help predicting long-term effects and safe-by-design production. In the present study, we used the high-throughput gene expression tool, developed for Enchytraeus crypticus (4 × 44k Agilent microarray), to study the effects of exposure to several copper (Cu) forms. The Cu treatments included two NMs (spherical and wires) and two copper-salt treatments (CuNO3 spiked and Cu salt field historical contamination)...
May 2018: Nanotoxicology
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