journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nanotoxicology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627335/effects-of-exposure-pathways-on-the-accumulation-and-phytotoxicity-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-soybean-and-rice
#1
Cheng-Cheng Li, Fei Dang, Min Li, Min Zhu, Huan Zhong, Holger Hintelmann, Dong-Mei Zhou
The widespread use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) raises concerns both about their accumulation in crops and human exposure via crop consumption. Plants take up AgNPs through their leaves and roots, but foliar uptake has been largely ignored. To better understand AgNPs-plant interactions, we compared the uptake, phytotoxicity, and size distribution of AgNPs in soybean and rice following root versus foliar exposure. At similar AgNP application levels, foliar exposure led to 17-200 times more Ag bioaccumulation than root exposure...
June 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627273/nanoparticle-interactions-with-co-existing-contaminants-joint-toxicity-bioaccumulation-and-risk
#2
Rui Deng, Daohui Lin, Lizhong Zhu, Sanghamitra Majumdar, Jason C White, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey, Baoshan Xing
With their growing production and application, engineered nanoparticles (NPs) are increasingly discharged into the environment. The released NPs can potentially interact with pre-existing contaminants, leading to biological effects (bioaccumulation and/or toxicity) that are poorly understood. Most studies on NPs focus on single analyte exposure; the existing literature on joint toxicity of NPs and co-existing contaminants is rather limited but beginning to develop rapidly. This is the first review paper evaluating the current state of knowledge regarding the joint effects of NPs and co-contaminants...
June 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618895/silver-nanoparticles-inhaled-during-pregnancy-reach-and-affect-the-placenta-and-the-foetus
#3
Luisa Campagnolo, Micol Massimiani, Lucia Vecchione, Diletta Piccirilli, Nicola Toschi, Andrea Magrini, Elena Bonanno, Manuel Scimeca, Luca Castagnozzi, Giorgio Buonanno, Luca Stabile, Francesco Cubadda, Federica Aureli, Paul Hb Fokkens, Wolfgang G Kreyling, Flemming R Cassee, Antonio Pietroiusti
Recently, interest for the potential impact of consumer-relevant engineered nanoparticles on pregnancy has dramatically increased. This study investigates whether inhaled silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) reach and cross mouse placental barrier and induce adverse effects. Apart from their relevance for the growing use in consumer products and biomedical applications, AgNPs are selected since they can be unequivocally identified in tissues. Pregnant mouse females are exposed during the first 15 days of gestation by nose-only inhalation to a freshly produced aerosol of 18-20 nm AgNPs for either 1 or 4 hours, at a particle number concentration of 3...
June 16, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617070/oral-subchronic-exposure-to-silver-nanoparticles-causes-renal-damage-through-apoptotic-impairment-and-necrotic-cell-death
#4
Ratnakar Tiwari, Radha Dutt Singh, Hafizurrahman Khan, Siddhartha Gangopadhyay, Sandeep Mittal, Vikas Singh, Nidhi Arjaria, Jai Shankar, Somendu Kumar Roy, Dhirendra Singh, Vikas Srivastava
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials. Following oral exposure, AgNPs can accumulate in various organs including kidneys where they show gender specific accumulation. There is limited information on their effect on renal system following long-term animal exposure especially at the ultramicroscopic and molecular level. In this study, we have assessed the effect of 60 days oral AgNPs treatment on kidneys of female Wistar rats at doses of 50 ppm and 200 ppm that are below previously reported lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL)...
June 15, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608745/time-resolved-toxicity-study-reveals-the-dynamic-interactions-between-uncoated-silver-nanoparticles-and-bacteria
#5
Feng Dong, Nurul Fitriah Mohd Zaidi, Eugenia Valsami-Jones, Jan-Ulrich Kreft
It is still unclear whether the toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) can be attributed solely to the release of Ag(+) or whether dissolved and nanoparticulate Ag act in parallel; this is due to the difficulty in distinguishing Ag(+)- from AgNP-effects. Also, AgNPs undergo changes during toxicity tests. This is the first study to investigate the influence of AgNP dissolution over time on viable counts at high time resolution and low cell density, avoiding the apparently reduced toxicity at higher cell densities identified in our study...
June 13, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594294/ceo2-nanoparticles-alter-the-outcome-of-species-interactions
#6
Cheng Peng, Ying Chen, Zhichao Pu, Qing Zhao, Xin Tong, Yongsheng Chen, Lin Jiang
Despite considerable research on the environmental impacts of nanomaterials, we know little about how they influence interactions between species. Here, we investigated the acute (12 d) and chronic (64 d) toxicities of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) and bulk particles (0 ∼ 200 mg/L) to three ciliated protist species (Loxocephalus sp., Paramecium aurelia, and Tetrahymena pyriformis) in single-, bi-, and multispecies microcosms. The results show that CeO2 NPs strongly affected the interactions between ciliated protozoan species...
June 8, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513319/effect-of-surface-functionalizations-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-neoplastic-transformation-potential-in-primary-human-lung-epithelial-cells
#7
Todd A Stueckle, Donna C Davidson, Ray Derk, Peng Wang, Sherri Friend, Diane Schwegler-Berry, Peng Zheng, Nianqiang Wu, Vince Castranova, Yon Rojanasakul, Liying Wang
Functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (fMWCNT) development has been intensified to improve their surface activity for numerous applications, and potentially reduce toxic effects. Although MWCNT exposures are associated with lung tumorigenesis in vivo, adverse responses associated with exposure to different fMWCNTs in human lung epithelium are presently unknown. This study hypothesized that different plasma-coating functional groups determine MWCNT neoplastic transformation potential. Using our established model, human primary small airway epithelial cells (pSAECs) were continuously exposed for 8 and 12 weeks at 0...
June 2, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503974/biokinetics-of-engineered-nano-tio2-in-rats-administered-by-different-exposure-routes-implications-for-human-health
#8
Dhimiter Bello, David B Warheit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490217/antimicrobial-proteins-in-the-response-to-graphene-oxide-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#9
Mingxia Ren, Li Zhao, Xiao Lv, Dayong Wang
Upon exposure to environmental engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), animals will activate certain response signals to protect themselves from the toxic effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for this response are still largely unclear. Using in vivo assay system of Caenorhabditis elegans, we here found that antimicrobial proteins of LYS-1, LYS-8, SPP-1, DOD-6, and F55G11.4 were activated by graphene oxide (GO) exposure. These antimicrobial proteins functioned as molecular targets of transcriptional factor DAF-16 in insulin signaling pathway, and acted in intestine to regulate the response to GO...
May 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490213/are-fluorescence-based-chlorophyll-quantification-methods-suitable-for-algae-toxicity-assessment-of-carbon-nanomaterials
#10
Julia Farkas, Andy M Booth
Using a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and graphene oxide (GO) as representative test materials, we evaluated the applicability of in vivo and in vitro chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) fluorescence quantification methods, which are used in standard algae ecotoxicity tests such as OECD 201 and ISO 8692. In vivo quantification of Chl-a from Raphidocelis subcapitata indicated a significant reduction in Chl-a fluorescence in the presence of MWCNTs due to shading, but a significant autofluorescence from GO caused an overestimation of Chl-a concentration...
May 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494628/probabilistic-risk-assessment-of-emerging-materials-case-study-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#11
Michael P Tsang, Danail Hristozov, Alex Zabeo, Antti Joonas Koivisto, Alexander Christian Østerskov Jensen, Keld Alstrup Jensen, Chengfang Pang, Antonio Marcomini, Guido Sonnemann
The development and use of emerging technologies such as nanomaterials can provide both benefits and risks to society. Emerging materials may promise to bring many technological advantages but may not be well-characterized in terms of their production volumes, magnitude of emissions, behavior in the environment and effects on living organisms. This uncertainty can present challenges to scientists developing these materials and persons responsible for defining and measuring their adverse impacts. Human health risk assessment is a method of identifying the intrinsic hazard of and quantifying the dose-response relationship and exposure to a chemical, to finally determine the estimation of risk...
May 12, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463032/assessing-nanomaterial-exposures-in-aquatic-ecotoxicological-testing-framework-and-case-studies-based-on-dispersion-and-dissolution
#12
Alan J Kennedy, Jessica G Coleman, Stephen A Diamond, Nicolas L Melby, Anthony J Bednar, Ashley Harmon, Zachary A Collier, Robert Moser
The unique behavior of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in aqueous media and dynamic changes in particle settling, agglomeration and dissolution rates is a challenge to the consistency, reliability and interpretation of standard aquatic hazard bioassay results. While the toxicological endpoints (e.g., survival, growth, reproduction, etc.) in ecotoxicity bioassays are largely applicable to ENMs, the standard methods as written for dissolved substances are confounded by the dynamic settling, agglomeration and dissolution of particulate ENMs during the bioassay...
May 2, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415888/bioengineered-gold-nanoparticles-targeted-to-mesenchymal-cells-from-patients-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans-syndrome-does-not-rise-the-inflammatory-response-and-can-be-safely-inhaled-by-rodents
#13
Emanuela Cova, Simona Inghilleri, Laura Pandolfi, Monica Morosini, Sara Magni, Miriam Colombo, Davide Piloni, Chiara Finetti, Gabriele Ceccarelli, Laura Benedetti, Maria Gabriella Cusella, Manuela Agozzino, Fabio Corsi, Raffaele Allevi, Simona Mrakic-Sposta, Sarah Moretti, Simona De Gregori, Davide Prosperi, Federica Meloni
The use of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as drug delivery system represents a promising issue for diseases without effective pharmacological treatment due to insufficient local drug accumulation and excessive systemic toxicity. Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) represents about 70% of cases of chronic lung allograft dysfunction, the main challenge to long-term lung transplantation. It is believed that due to repeated insults to epithelial bronchiolar cells local inflammatory response creates a milieu that favors epithelial-mesenchymal transition and activation of local mesenchymal cells (MCs) leading to airway fibro-obliteration...
April 27, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368214/iron-phosphate-nanoparticles-for-food-fortification-biological-effects-in-rats-and-human-cell-lines
#14
Lea M von Moos, Mirjam Schneider, Florentine M Hilty, Monika Hilbe, Myrtha Arnold, Nathalie Ziegler, Diogo Sales Mato, Hans Winkler, Mohamed Tarik, Christian Ludwig, Hanspeter Naegeli, Wolfgang Langhans, Michael B Zimmermann, Shana J Sturla, Ioannis A Trantakis
Nanotechnology offers new opportunities for providing health benefits in foods. Food fortification with iron phosphate nanoparticles (FePO4 NPs) is a promising new approach to reducing iron deficiency because FePO4 NPs combine high bioavailability with superior sensory performance in difficult to fortify foods. However, their safety remains largely untested. We fed rats for 90 days diets containing FePO4 NPs at doses at which iron sulfate (FeSO4), a commonly used food fortificant, has been shown to induce adverse effects...
April 20, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420299/surface-chemistry-of-gold-nanoparticles-determines-the-biocorona-composition-impacting-cellular-uptake-toxicity-and-gene-expression-profiles-in-human-endothelial-cells
#15
Parwathy Chandran, Jim E Riviere, Nancy A Monteiro-Riviere
This study investigated the role of nanoparticle size and surface chemistry on biocorona composition and its effect on uptake, toxicity and cellular responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), employing 40 and 80 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNP) with branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI), lipoic acid (LA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) coatings. Proteomic analysis identified 59 hard corona proteins among the various AuNP, revealing largely surface chemistry-dependent signature adsorbomes exhibiting human serum albumin (HSA) abundance...
April 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368775/neuronal-erk-signaling-in-response-to-graphene-oxide-in-nematode-caenorhabditis-elegans
#16
Man Qu, Yunhui Li, Qiuli Wu, Yankai Xia, Dayong Wang
ERK signaling is one of the important mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). However, the role of ERK signaling in the regulation of response to engineered nanomaterial exposure is still largely unclear. In this study, using in vivo assay system of Caenorhabditis elegans, we investigated the function of ERK signaling in response to graphene oxide (GO) exposure and the underlying molecular mechanism. GO exposure increased the expression of MEK-2/MEK and MPK-1/ERK in the ERK signaling pathway. Mutation of mek-2 or mpk-1 resulted in a susceptibility to GO toxicity...
April 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358292/pulmonary-exposure-to-metallic-nanomaterials-during-pregnancy-irreversibly-impairs-lung-development-of-the-offspring
#17
Emmanuel Paul, Marie-Laure Franco-Montoya, Erwan Paineau, Bernard Angeletti, Shamila Vibhushan, Audrey Ridoux, Arnaud Tiendrebeogo, Murielle Salome, Bernhard Hesse, Delphine Vantelon, Jérôme Rose, Florence Canouï-Poitrine, Jorge Boczkowski, Sophie Lanone, Christophe Delacourt, Jean-Claude Pairon
Due to the growing commercial applications of manufactured nanoparticles (NPs), toxicological studies on NPs, especially during the critical window of development, are of major importance. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of respiratory exposure to metallic and metal oxide NPs during pregnancy on lung development of the offspring and to determine the key parameters involved in lung alterations. Pregnant mice were exposed to weekly doses of 100 μg (total dose 300 μg) of titanium dioxide (TiO2), cerium oxide (CeO2), silver (Ag) NPs or saline solution by nonsurgical intratracheal instillation...
April 17, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330416/the-way-to-cover-prediction-for-cytotoxicity-for-all-existing-nano-sized-metal-oxides-by-using-neural-network-method
#18
Natalja Fjodorova, Marjana Novic, Agnieszka Gajewicz, Bakhtiyor Rasulev
The regulatory agencies should fulfil the data gap in toxicity for new chemicals including nano-sized compounds, like metal oxides nanoparticles (MeOx NPs) according to the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH) legislation policy. This study demonstrates the perspective capability of neural network models for prediction of cytotoxicity of MeOx NPs to bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) for the widest range of metal oxides extracted from Periodic table. The counter propagation artificial neural network (CP ANN) models for prediction of cytotoxicity of MeOx NPs for data sets of 17, 36 and 72 metal oxides were employed in the study...
April 12, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326861/cutaneous-applied-nano-zno-reduce-the-ability-of-hair-follicle-stem-cells-to-differentiate
#19
Wei Ge, Yong Zhao, Fang-Nong Lai, Jing-Cai Liu, Yuan-Chao Sun, Jun-Jie Wang, Shun-Feng Cheng, Xi-Feng Zhang, Li-Lan Sun, Lan Li, Paul W Dyce, Wei Shen
The ability of metal oxide nanoparticles to penetrate the skin has aroused a great deal of interest during the past decade due to concerns over the safety of topically applied sunscreens that contain physical UV-resistant metal particles, such as nano-Zinc oxide (nZnO). Previous studies demonstrate that metal oxide nanoparticles accumulate in skin furrows and hair follicles following topical application while little is known about the consequence of these nanoparticles on skin homeostasis. The current investigation tested the effects of nZnO (0...
April 6, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290735/quantitative-biokinetics-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-after-intratracheal-instillation-in-rats-part-3
#20
Wolfgang G Kreyling, Uwe Holzwarth, Nadine Haberl, Ján Kozempel, Alexander Wenk, Stephanie Hirn, Carsten Schleh, Martin Schäffler, Jens Lipka, Manuela Semmler-Behnke, Neil Gibson
The biokinetics of a size-selected fraction (70 nm median size) of commercially available and (48)V-radiolabeled [(48)V]TiO2 nanoparticles has been investigated in healthy adult female Wistar-Kyoto rats at retention time-points of 1 h, 4 h, 24 h, 7 d and 28 d after intratracheal instillation of a single dose of an aqueous [(48)V]TiO2-nanoparticle suspension. A completely balanced quantitative biodistribution in all organs and tissues was obtained by applying typical [(48)V]TiO2-nanoparticle doses in the range of 40-240 μg·kg(-1) bodyweight and making use of the high sensitivity of the radiotracer technique...
April 3, 2017: Nanotoxicology
journal
journal
40853
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"