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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435638/obsequies-late-prof-marian-ewurama-addy
#1
Kofi Busia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435637/investigation-of-antioxidant-potentials-of-solvent-extracts-from-different-anatomical-parts-of-asphodeline-anatolica-e-tuzlaci-an-endemic-plant-to-turkey
#2
Gokhan Zengin, Abdurrahman Aktumsek
BACKGROUND: The genus Asphodeline (Liliaceae) is represented in Turkey by 20 taxa, which are traditionally used for medicinal purposes in Anatolia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we tested the phytochemical content and antioxidant effect of different solvent extracts obtained from different anatomical parts of Asphodeline anatolica. The different extracts of each plant parts were tested for antioxidant activity using different chemical assays. The total antioxidant components were also calculated...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435636/studies-on-resin-purification-process-optimization-of-eucommia-ulmoides-oliver-and-its-antihypertensive-effect-mechanism
#3
Liu Yongsheng, Li Shumei, Wu Guodong
BACKGROUND: Through research it is found that the barks, stems, fruits and flowers of Eucommia ulmoides contain various compositions, such as lignin, cycloalkane and phenylpropanoids. The modern pharmacological research shows that Eucommia ulmoides has many functions, such as anti-aging, antitumor and bone cell proliferation. This paper studied the resin purification process optimization conditions and antihypertensive effect of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The orthogonal experiment method was adopted to determine the purification effect of various macro-porous resins for eucommia ulmoides Oliver, and the SHR model was used to determine antihypertensive level of eucommia ulmoides Oliver...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435635/electroacupuncturing-at-zusanli-point-st36-attenuates-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-release-and-organ-dysfunction-by-activating-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway-in-rat-with-endotoxin-challenge
#4
Qi Song, Sen Hu, Haibin Wang, Yi Lv, Xian Shi, Ziyong Sheng, Wei Sheng
BACKGROUND: It is considered that the pathogenesis is closely related to an excessive production of pro-inflammatory cytokines caused by bacterial toxins and an imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This work investigates the effect of electro-acupuncturing (EA), at Zusanli point (ST36) on plasma cytokine release and organ dysfunction and their mechanism in conscious rats with endotoxin challenge. RESULTS: EA at Zusanli points obviously lowered the elevated levels of plasma TNF-α, and attenuated changes in parameters relevant to various organ functions at 2 h after LPS challenge...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435634/study-on-the-antibacterial-activity-of-bergenia-purpurascens-extract
#5
Xiaoli Shi, Xu Li, Jing He, Yingmin Han, Suhua Li, Ming Zou
BACKGROUND: Bergenia purpurascens has tonic, haemostatic and anti-tussive actions. Anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial activities of Bergenia purpurascens have not been reported so far. The objective of this paper is to provide experimental basis for the clinical application of Bergenia purpurascens through the pharmacodynamic study on its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects. METHODS: Experimental models of xylene-induced ear edema in mice, cotton pellet granuloma in rats, and acetic acid-induced peritoneal capillary permeability in mice were used to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Bergenia purpurascens; bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of Bergenia purpurascens extract on Staphylococcus aureus (SA), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and β-lactamase positive Staphylococcus aureus (ESBLs-SA), were observed in vitro...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435633/restoration-of-glutamine-synthetase-activity-nitric-oxide-levels-and-amelioration-of-oxidative-stress-by-propolis-in-kainic-acid-mediated-excitotoxicity
#6
Mummedy Swamy, Wan Norlina, Wan Azman, Dian Suhaili, K N S Sirajudeen, Zulkarnain Mustapha, Chandran Govindasamy
BACKGROUND: Propolis has been proposed to be protective on neurodegenerative disorders. To understand the neuroprotective effects of honeybee propolis, glutamine synthetase (GS) activity, nitric oxide (NO), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) were studied in different brain regions-cerebral cortex (CC), cerebellum (CB) and brain stem (BS) of rats supplemented with propolis and subjected to kainic acid (KA) mediated excitotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups; Control group and KA group received vehicle and saline...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435632/antimicrobial-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-pleurostylia-capensis-turcz-loes-celastraceae
#7
Mapula Razwinani, Thilivhali Emmanuel Tshikalange, Shirley C K M Motaung
BACKGROUND: Pleurostylia capensis is a large tree that can reach the maximum height of 20 m long, and it have been traditionally used as cosmetic, for steam bath, ritual body wash, and as a purgative to treat symptoms of witchcraft. Using ethanol, chloroform, dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate (EA), and water extracts, leaves, bark and roots of Pleurostylia capensis were investigated scientifically for their effectiveness in antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities using standard methods...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435631/hepatoprotective-effect-of-cymbopogon-citratus-aqueous-extract-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-liver-injury-in-male-rats
#8
Saleh Muhammad Rahim, Ekhlass Muhi Taha, Muneef Saeb Al-janabi, Bushra Ismael Al-douri, Kumar Das Simon, Abd Gaffar Mazlan
BACKGROUND: Cymbopogon citratus (Poaceae) a tropical perennial herb plant that is widely cultivated to be eaten either fresh with food or dried in tea or soft drink has been reported to possess a number of medicinal and aromatic properties. This study aimed at evaluating the protective effects of C. citratus aqueous extract against liver injury induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), in male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five rats were randomly divided into five different groups of five animals in each group; (1) Control...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435630/improved-growth-and-colchicine-concentration-in-gloriosa-superba-on-mycorrhizal-inoculation-supplemented-with-phosphorus-fertilizer
#9
Devendra Kumar Pandey, Tabarak Malik, Abhijit Dey, Joginder Singh, R M Banik
BACKGROUND: Gloriosa superba produces an array of alkaloids including colchicine, a compound of interest in the treatment of various diseases. The tuber of Gloriosa superba is a rich source of colchicine which has shown anti-gout, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activity. However, this promising compound remains expensive and Gloriosa superba is such a good source in global scale. Increase in yield of naturally occurring colchicine is an important area of investigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of inoculation by four arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM), fungi, Glomus mossae, Glomus fasciculatum, Gigaspora margarita and Gigaspora gilmorei either alone or supplemented with P-fertilizer, on colchicine concentration in Gloriosa superba were studied...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435629/contribution-of-plants-and-traditional-medicines-to-the-disparities-and-similarities-in-acute-poisoning-incidents-in-botswana-south-africa-and-uganda
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N Malangu
BACKGROUND: Acute poisoning incidents are one of the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization in several countries. The purpose of this analysis was to compare the patterns of acute poisoning in three countries namely, Botswana, South Africa and Uganda; and examine the similarities and disparities in the patterns of occurrence of acute poisoning based on the sociodemographic factors of the victims, the toxic agents involved, the circumstances surrounding the incidents and their outcomes...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435628/protopine-inhibits-heterotypic-cell-adhesion-in-mda-mb-231-cells-through-down-regulation-of-multi-adhesive-factors
#11
Kai He, Jian-Li Gao
BACKGROUND: A Chinese herb Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang that showed anticancer and anti-angiogenesis effects in our previous studies was presented for further studies. In the present study, we studied the anticancer proliferation and adhesion effects of five alkaloids which were isolated from Corydalis yanhusuo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MTT dose response curves, cell migration assay, cell invasion assay, as well as three types of cell adhesive assay were performed on MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435627/experimental-study-on-the-optimization-of-extraction-process-of-garlic-oil-and-its-antibacterial-effects
#12
Yajie Guo
BACKGROUND: Garlic oil which is the main active constituent of garlic has a wide range of pharmacological activities, and a broad antibacterial spectrum. It also has a strong anti-cancer activity, and can significantly inhibit a variety of tumors such as liver cancer, gastric cancer and colon cancer. The objective is to study the extraction process of garlic oil and its antibacterial effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CO2 Supercritical extraction was used to investigate the optimal processing conditions for garlic oil extraction; filter paper test and suspension dilution test were applied to determine the bacteriostatic action of garlic oil...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435626/evaluation-of-the-anti-arthritic-activity-of-the-hydroethanolic-leaf-extract-of-alchornea-cordifolia-in-rats
#13
Adejuwon Adewale Adeneye, Adekunle Ibrahim Oreagba, Ismail Ogunbayode Ishola, Hassanat Adeola Kalejaiye
BACKGROUND: Different decoctions of Alchornea cordifolia leaves are used by Yoruba herbalists (Southwest Nigeria) for the local treatment of ulcers, rheumatic pains, febrile convulsions, and for enhancing physical performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the anti-arthritic effect of 100 - 400 mg/kg/day of the hydroethanolic leaf extract of Alchornea cordifolia (HEAC) was investigated in Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritic rats as a way of evaluating its efficacy in the local management of arthritis...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435625/market-survey-on-traditional-medicine-of-the-third-month-fair-in-dali-prefecture-in-yunnan-province-south-west-china
#14
Dequan Zhang, Lizhen Duan, Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: The Third Month Fair in Dali is a historical festival and fair. The market of traditional medicine (TM) is one of the main parts in the fair, which has important influence on local and peripheral people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, approaches of ethnobotany, pharmacognosy, and participatory rural appraisal were used in market survey. Twenty-six druggists were selected randomly as informants and their TMs were recorded. RESULTS: As a result, 427 TMs were recorded including 362 plant medicines, 33 animal medicines, 13 mineral medicines and 19 unidentified medicines...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435624/genes-underlying-positive-influence-of-prenatal-environmental-enrichment-and-negative-influence-of-prenatal-earthquake-simulation-and-corrective-influence-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-rat-offspring-irf7-and-ninj2
#15
Xian Geng Zhang, Hui Zhang, Lin Lin, Yi Qing Yang, Ting Ting Deng, Qin Liu, Xiao Li Liang, Mi Qu Wang, De Zhong Peng
BACKGROUND: Prenatal environmental enrichment (EE) has been proven to positively affect but prenatal stress negatively influence the physiological and psychological processes in animals, whose trans-generational genetic mechanism remains unclearly defined. We aimed to investigate and find out key genes underlying the positive-negative effects derived from prenatal interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant rats were randomized into EE group (EEG), earthquake simulation group (ESG), herbal group (HG) received herbal supplements in feed after earthquake simulation, and control group (CG)...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435623/analysis-and-study-on-47-cases-of-adverse-reactions-of-chinese-medicine-injection
#16
Xiaoyu Zhang, Dechun Sang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Shuangyan Kong
BACKGROUND: Along with efficacy, Chinese medicine is increasingly being known to people, Chinese medicine and its preparations are increasingly widespread in clinical use. People generally believe that Chinese medicine has few side effects and is safe, especially Chinese medicine injections. Due to the direct injection in blood, rapid onset and good efficacy, they are welcomed by people. However, with increased use, adverse reactions are increasing, even causing serious consequences. The objective is to learn about the characteristics and laws of the adverse effects of Chinese medicine injections, provide references for the clinical safe drug use, and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435622/study-on-the-extraction-process-of-total-anthraquinones-in-radix-et-rhizoma-rhei-and-their-antilipemic-effects
#17
Hui-Chun Xie, Jun Shang
BACKGROUND: Radix et Rhizoma Rhei has a gastric mucosal protective effect, major anti-gastritis and anti-peptic ulcer active constituents were emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, rhein, etc. The objective of the study was the extraction process of total anthraquinones in Radix et Rhizoma rhei and their antilipemic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthogonal experiment, UV spectrophotometry and conventional antilipemic effect determination method were used to optimize the extraction process, and to determine the total anthraquinone content, as well as blood levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435621/the-foliar-anatomy-and-micromorphology-of-aloe-ferox-mill-asphodelaceae
#18
Olubunmi Abosede Wintola, Anthony Jide Afolayan
BACKGROUND: The genus Aloe has been the subject of several chemotaxonomic and phytochemical investigations. Aloe ferox is an important source of biologically active compounds like anthrones, chromones, pyrones, and flavonoids. It is a plant used extensively in traditional medicine. Despite the myriad of studies on the pharmacological profile of the plant, there still exists a dearth of scientific literature on the anatomical and morphological attributes of this important medicinal plant...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435620/use-of-chinese-medicine-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Ying-Xu Ruan, Ching-Chih Lee, Moon-Sing Lee, Wen-Yen Chiou, Hon-Yi Lin, Feng-Chun Hsu, Yu-Chieh Su, Ta-Wen Hsu, Shih-Kai Hung
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (CM) appears to be used worldwide, especially by cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to explore CM uses and CM non-users by patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using registration and claims data sets for 2007 from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with colorectal cancer were identified from the Registry for Catastrophic illness Patients...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25435619/iron-deficiency-anaemia-in-reproductive-age-women-attending-obstetrics-and-gynecology-outpatient-of-university-health-centre-in-al-ahsa-saudi-arabia
#20
Asia Taha, Saira Azhar, Talib Lone, Ghulam Murtaza, Shujaat Ali Khan, Amara Mumtaz, Muhammad Hassham Hassan Bin Asad, Rozina Kousar, Sabiha Karim, Imran Tariq, Syed Saeed Ul Hassan, Izhar Hussain
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. The aim of this questionnaire based survey study was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in reproductive age women, and their relation to variables such as age, marital status, education with those attending obstetrics and gynecology outpatient of King Faisal University Health Centre in Al-Ahsa in eastern region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted for the period of 6 month staring from September 2012 to February 2013...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
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