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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480440/survey-of-dental-students-attitude-regarding-oriental-medicine-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-comparison-between-two-japanese-dental-schools
#1
Atsushi Kameyama, Kazuo Toda
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the impact of "curricula for undergraduate education in oriental medicine (OM)/complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)" on student awareness of OM. A questionnaire survey was conducted involving the Nagasaki University School of Dentistry (NUSD), a university that implements education in OM as part of its undergraduate curriculum, and Tokyo Dental College (TDC), which does not teach OM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The third- and fifth-year students of both NUSD and TDC underwent the anonymous questionnaire survey, which included questions regarding their knowledge of OM and CAM, interests in these subjects, and their opinions on the necessity of teaching OM in the undergraduate dental education, and the results were collected for analysis...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480439/evaluation-of-crude-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-l-oil-in-burn-wound-healing-in-new-zealand-rabbits
#2
Katiba Beroual, Amir Agabou, Mohamed-Cherif Abdeldjelil, Naima Boutaghane, Saîd Haouam, Youcef Hamdi-Pacha
BACKGROUND: Burns are among the most prevalent injuries in humans with high cost in health care and heavy prolonged or permanent physical, psychological and social consequences. Commercial antimicrobial creams and dressing agents are unsuccessful in healing deep burn wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted to assess the impact of crude linseed oil (LSO) topical application on burn wounds healing in rabbits in comparison with untreated wounds (NAT) and those treated with Vaseline gel (VAG) and Cicatryl-Bio ointment (CBO)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480438/preparation-and-properties-of-compound-arnebiae-radix-microemulsion-gel
#3
Jing Chen, Yanping He, Ting Gao, Licheng Zhang, Yuna Zhao
BACKGROUND: Compound Arnebiae radix oil has been clinically applied to treat burns and scalds for a long time. However, it is unstable and inconvenient to use. The aim of this study was to prepare a compound Arnebiae radix microemulsion gel for transdermal delivery system and evaluate its characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the solubility of Shikonin, the active component of Arnebiae radix and the results of phase studies, adequate ratio of each component in microemulsion was determined...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480437/bibliometric-analysis-of-acupuncture-research-fronts-and-their-worldwide-distribution-over-three-decades
#4
Jun-Ying Fu, Xu Zhang, Yun-Hua Zhao, He-Feng Tong, Dar-Zen Chen, Mu-Hsuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has been conducted on acupuncture worldwide. This study chronologically examined the changing features and research fronts of acupuncture and elucidated the differences among the six most productive countries. METHODS: Bibliographic coupling is a powerful tool for identifying the research fronts of a field. Acupuncture-related publications worldwide and from the six most productive countries during 1983-2012 were retrieved from the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480436/studies-on-chemical-composition-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-bioactive-molecules-from-date-palm-phoenixdactylifera-l-pollens-and-seeds
#5
Najla Bentrad, Rabéa Gaceb-Terrak, Yamina Benmalek, Fatma Rahmania
BACKGROUND: Natural resources have been the crucial origin of chemical elements. They have been used in many traditions as alternative medicines. The chemical profiling of some plant extracts and essential oils related to different plants were followed to unveil their most active components. In this paper, Phoenix dactilyfera L was selected as a host plant to investigate the composition of different organs with different cultivars. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the extracts have been tested using different techniques, including optical density and GC/MS analyses of the natural extracts...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480435/the-herbal-mixture-xiao-chai-hu-tang-xcht-induces-apoptosis-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-huh7-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#6
Jinyan Zhao, Liya Liu, Yuchen Zhang, Yun Wan, Zhenfeng Hong
BACKGROUND: Xiao-Chai-Hu Tang (XCHT) is an extract of seven herbs with anticancer properties, but its mechanism of action is unknown. In this study, we evaluated XCHT-treated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a hepatic cancer xenograft model, we investigated the in vivo efficacy of XCHT against tumor growth by evaluating tumor volume and weight, as well as measuring apoptosis and cellular proliferation within the tumor...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480434/chemical-characterization-of-a-hypoglycemic-extract-from-cucurbita-ficifolia-bouche-that-induces-liver-glycogen-accumulation-in-diabetic-mice
#7
Garcia Gonzalez Jessica, Garcia Lorenzana Mario, Zamilpa Alejandro, Almanza Perez Julio Cesar, Jasso Villagomez E Ivan, Roman Ramos Ruben, Alarcon-Aguilar Francisco Javier
BACKGROUND: The aqueous extract of Cucurbita ficifolia (C. ficifolia) fruit has demonstrated hypoglycemic effect, which may be attributed to some components in the extract. However, the major secondary metabolites in this fruit have not yet been identified and little is known about its extra-pancreatic action, in particular, on liver carbohydrate metabolism. Therefore, in addition to the isolation and structural elucidation of the principal components in the aqueous extract of C. ficifolia, the aim of this study was to determine whether or not the hypoglycemic effect of the aqueous extract of Cucurbita ficifolia (C...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480433/investigation-on-chemical-composition-antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-properties-of-essential-oil-from-dracocephalum-kotschyi-boiss
#8
Behnam Ashrafi, Parvin Ramak, Behrouz Ezatpour, Gholam Reza Talei
BACKGROUND: Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss is a herb with wide-spread applications. Lorestan traditional healers have applied it for the treatment of rheumatoid diseases and stomach disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hydrodistillation process was used for essential oil extraction, the extracted essential oil was then analyzed through combination of capillary GC-FID, GC-MS and RI. The in vitro antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of this essential oil were examined...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480432/whole-body-vibration-exercise-improves-functional-parameters-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-systematic-review-with-a-suitable-approach
#9
Danubia C Sá-Caputo, Carla da F Dionello, Éric Heleno F F Frederico, Laisa L Paineiras-Domingos, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Marianne Unger, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have abnormal bone modelling and resorption. The bone tissue adaptation and responsivity to dynamic and mechanical loading may be of therapeutic use under controlled circumstances. Improvements due to the wholebody vibration (WBV) exercises have been reported in strength, motion, gait, balance, posture and bone density in several osteopenic individuals, as in post-menopausal women or children with disabling conditions, as patients with OI...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480431/anti-viral-effect-of-herbal-medicine-korean-traditional-cynanchum-paniculatum-bge-kitag-extracts
#10
Woong Kim, Tae-Seok Oh, Youn-Jin Park
BACKGROUND: Pestiviruses in general, and Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) in particular, present several potential targets for directed antiviral therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The antiviral effect of Cynanchum paniculatum (Bge.) Kitag (Dog strangling vine: DS) extract on the bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus was tested. First, a cytotoxicity test in MDBK (Madin-Darby bovine kidney) cells was done with all organic extract concentrations. RESULTS: The cytotoxic concentration CC50 for the ethyl acetate (EA) extracts was 18...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480430/spatholobus-suberectus-stem-extract-improves-the-protective-effect-of-heparin-on-cerulein-induced-pancreatitis
#11
Zhengyi Shao
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluates the effect of Spatholobus suberectus stem extract (SS) in the management of pancreatitis alone and in combination with heparin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced pancreatitis by cerulean (50μg/kg, i.p.) five times at an interval of 1 h without any pretreatment of drug. Rats were treated with SS (100 and 200 mg/kg, p. o.) and heparin (150 U/kg, i.p.) alone and in combination for the duration of a week. Later pancreatic weight and blood flow was estimated and different biochemical parameters like concentration of D-dimer and Interleukin 1β (IL-Ιβ) and activity of amylase and lipase were determined in blood of pancreatitis rats...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480429/ethnobotanical-survey-of-phoenix-dactylifera-l-pollen-used-for-the-treatment-of-infertility-problems-in-algerian-oases
#12
Cherifa Selmani, Djamila Chabane, Nadia Bouguedoura
BACKGROUND: The Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm) is known for its traditional medicinal properties across the history of native population in Algerian Sahara. There is a large trend of consumption of date palm pollen preparations in many human infertility cases in our country. However, the validity has not been scientifically tested. There has been no direct scientific research on this application. This study was undertaken to identify cultivars with greater potential in the traditional medicine uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480428/purification-and-fractional-analysis-of-methanolic-extract-of-wedelia-trilobata-possessing-apoptotic-and-anti-leukemic-activity
#13
Uday Venkatesh, Chethan Javarasetty, Satish Kumar Murari
BACKGROUND: Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitch (WT), commonly known as yellow dots or creeping daisy, is a shrub possessing potent biological activities, and is traditionally used a medicinal plant in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani systems of medicines, and it has also been tried against leukemia cell line MEG- 01. In the present study, purification and screening of the plant was done for bioactive compounds in methanolic extract of WT for apoptotic and anti-leukemia activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanolic extract of WT was initially purified through thin layer chromatography (TLC) and screened for the apoptotic and anti-leukemia activities...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480427/inhibitory-effect-of-emodin-on-raw-264-7-activated-with-double-stranded-rna-analogue-poly-i-c
#14
Young-Jin Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hyun-Ju Kim, Do-Hoon Kim, Tae Hee Lee, Mi Suk Kang, You-Kyung Choi, Hye Lim Lee, Jaieun Kim, Hyo-Jin An, And Wansu Park
BACKGROUND: Emodin (3-methyl-1, 6, 8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is a compound which can be found in Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR). PMR is the root of Polygonum multiflorum. PMR is used to treat dizziness, spermatorrhea, sores, and scrofula as well as chronic malaria traditionally in China and Korea. The anti-tumor property of emodin was already reported. However, anti-viral activity of emodin on macrophages are not fully reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of emodin on RAW 264...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480426/in-vitro-chemo-preventative-activity-of-strelitzia-nicolai-aril-extract-containing-bilirubin
#15
Depika Dwarka, Veneesha Thaver, Mickey Naidu, Neil A Koorbanally, And Himansu Baijnath
BACKGROUND: The discovery of the only animal pigment, bilirubin, in the plant Strelitzia nicolai has triggered a vast number of questions regarding bilirubin's formation and its role in the human body. Recent studies have confirmed that bilirubin at certain levels have many medical benefits. Various case studies have revealed that bilirubin is a potent antioxidant. Cervical cancer is one of South Africa's largest womens' health crises. It is estimated that it affects one out of 41 South African women and kills approximately 8 women in the country every day...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480425/behavioral-evidence-of-antidepressant-like-activity-of-raphanus-sativus-l-var-caudatus-in-mice
#16
Ishrat Younus, And Afshan Siddiq
BACKGROUND: Currently-available antidepressant agents produce various adverse effects, and are expensive. At present, various plants are being evaluated for their possible role against numerous diseases, and no doubt, the role of traditional and complementary medicines in the development of effective therapy is incredible. The present study was designed to evaluate antidepressant-like activity of Raphanus sativus L. Var. caudatus at different doses in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antidepressant potential of ethanolic extract of Raphanus caudatus L...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480424/cognitive-enhancing-properties-of-morinda-lucida-rubiaceae-and-peltophorum-pterocarpum-fabaceae-in-scopolamine-induced-amnesic-mice
#17
Elufioye Taiwo O, Hameed Halimah A
BACKGROUND: Cognitive disorders associated with aging have been successfully managed by African traditional medical practitioners using various plants. This study evaluated the cognitive enhancing potentials of Morinda lucida (L) Rubiaceae and Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC) ex. K Heyne in scopolamine induced amnesic animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-amnesic activity of the ethyl acetate extracts of Morinda lucida and Peltophorum pterocarpum at doses of 4 mg/kg, 6 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg were assessed in scopolamine induced amnesic mice using Morris water maze test model...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480423/geometric-volumetric-colour-and-frictional-properties-of-selected-salvia-species-of-turkey
#18
Mustafa Bayram, Ebubekir Altuntas, Melih Yilar
BACKGROUND: Salvia seeds are promite to dietary and healthy oils because they contain essential fatty acids. Salvia seeds frequently produce mucilage on soaking, and this mucilage is used for the treatment of eye diseases in eastern countries. Salvia species studied for medicine, food and cosmetics, have the potential to be used in the various fields. In the present study, selected engineering (geometrical, volumetrical, colour and frictional) properties of 6 Salvia species seeds were determined and compared...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480422/bioactive-components-of-gynura-divaricata-and-its-potential-use-in-health-food-and-medicine-a-mini-review
#19
Bing-Qing Xu, Yu-Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: G. divaricata (L.) DC belongs to genus the Gynura Cass which is a kind of perennial herb that has good health protection efficacy and is especially used widely in medicine and functional food. It is one of the most famous traditional Chinese medicinal herbs and is usually used to cure bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, kink cough, rheumatism, diabetes, and so on. It has a long history for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the folk medicine. This review is aimed at gathering all information relating to G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480421/phytochemical-pharmacological-and-biological-profiles-of-tragia-species-family-euphorbiaceae
#20
Bonam Srinivasa Reddy, Nadendla Rama Rao, Kamini Vijeepallam, Vijayapandi Pandy
BACKGROUND: Tragia belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae which contains about 152 species. Interestingly, most of the earlier investigations have been done using only five Tragia species, namely, Tragia involucrata, Tragia cannabina, Tragia spathulata, Tragia plukenetii, and Tragia benthamii. The objective of the present review is to compile the phytochemical, pharmacological and biological studies of the selected five Tragia species reported in the literature. METHODS: The reported data/information was retrieved mainly from the online databases of PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and Botanical Survey of India...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
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