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Palliative & Supportive Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894377/effect-of-a-spiritual-care-training-program-for-staff-on-patient-outcomes
#1
Grace Meijuan Yang, Yung Ying Tan, Yin Bun Cheung, Weng Kit Lye, Sock Hui Amy Lim, Wan Ru Ng, Christina Puchalski, Patricia Soek Hui Neo
OBJECTIVE: Physicians and nurses do not assess spirituality routinely, even though spiritual care is a vital part of palliative care for patients with an advanced serious illness. The aim of our study was to determine whether a training program for healthcare professionals on spirituality and the taking of a spiritual history would result in improved patient quality of life (QoL) and spiritual well-being. METHOD: This was a cluster-controlled trial of a spiritual care training program for palliative care doctors and nurses...
November 29, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890024/end-of-life-experiences-and-deathbed-phenomena-as-reported-by-brazilian-healthcare-professionals-in-different-healthcare-settings
#2
Claudia Soares Dos Santos, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Peter Fenwick, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to describe and compare the characteristics and reports of end-of-life experiences (ELEs) by healthcare professionals at different institutions and to investigate the influence of religious beliefs on these reports. METHOD: A multicenter study was carried out in Brazil that included six nursing homes (NHs), a cancer hospital (ONC), and a palliative care (PC) unit. Sociodemographic data, ELE reports (Fenwick's questionnaire), religiosity (the Duke Religion Index), spirituality (the Spirituality Self-Rating Scale), and mental health (the DASS-21 questionnaire) were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890023/progressive-muscle-relaxation-as-a-supportive-intervention-for-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-systematic-review
#3
Panagiotis Pelekasis, Ifigeneia Matsouka, Anna Koumarianou
BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients use a wide variety of techniques to improve their physical and mental well-being, including relaxation therapy and, specifically, Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR). However, there is no strong evidence that supports the efficacy of this technique. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review the evidence regarding the use of PMR as a supportive intervention for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapeutic treatment. METHOD: Six databases were electronically searched: AMED, the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Scopus, and the Web of Science...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819635/enhancing-psychosocial-and-spiritual-palliative-care-four-year-results-of-the-program-of-comprehensive-care-for-people-with-advanced-illnesses-and-their-families-in-spain
#4
Xavier Gómez-Batiste, Dolors Mateo-Ortega, Cristina Lasmarías, Anna Novellas, Jose Espinosa, Elba Beas, Sara Ela, Javier Barbero
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the overall quantitative and qualitative results of a "La Caixa" Foundation and World Health Organization Collaborating Center Program entitled "Comprehensive Care for Patients with Advanced Illnesses and their Families" after four years of experience. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative methods were employed to assess the program. Quasiexperimental, prospective, multicenter, single-group, and pretest/posttest methods were utilized to assess the quantitative data...
November 7, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819209/how-should-realism-and-hope-be-combined-in-physician-patient-communication-at-the-end-of-life-an-online-focus-group-study-among-participants-with-and-without-a-muslim-background
#5
Mariska G Oosterveld-Vlug, Anneke L Francke, H Roeline W Pasman, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
OBJECTIVE: Maintaining false hope may result in prolonged curative aggressive treatments until the very last stage of life. In this study, we sought to explore how people think that realistic and hopeful information should best be combined in physician-patient communications at the end of life. METHOD: During a period of 15 days, participants of five online focus groups (OFGs) could log in onto a closed discussion site and offer responses to several topics. A variety of people participated: patients, older people, relatives, and healthcare professionals with and without a Muslim background...
November 7, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819204/parental-experiences-with-a-hospital-based-bereavement-program-following-the-loss-of-a-child-to-cancer
#6
Julie Berrett-Abebe, Elyse Levin-Russman, Marie Elena Gioiella, Jeffrey M Adams
OBJECTIVE: The death of a child from cancer is an intense and life-changing loss for a parent. Guided by the principles of patient- and family-centered care, hospital-based caregivers developed a program to provide bereavement support for parents through phone calls and mailings. The aim of the present qualitative phenomenological study was to understand how parents experienced participating in this bereavement program. METHOD: A total of eight parents from six families participated in a focus-group evaluation of the two-year hospital-based bereavement program...
November 7, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809949/psychometric-testing-of-the-spiritual-well-being-scale-mandarin-version-in-taiwanese-cancer-patients
#7
Woung-Ru Tang, Chen-Yi Kao
OBJECTIVE: The spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients is an important indicator of the quality of their lives and of the quality of hospice care, but no validated tools are available for assessing this indicator in Taiwan. METHOD: The present cross-sectional study validated the Spiritual Well-Being Scale-Mandarin version (SWBS-M) by testing its psychometric properties in 243 cancer patients from five teaching hospitals throughout Taiwan. Construct validity was tested by factor analysis and hypothesis testing...
November 4, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804916/end-of-life-care-decisions-using-a-korean-advance-directive-among-cancer-patient-caregiver-dyads
#8
Shinmi Kim, Sujin Koh, Kwonoh Park, Jinshil Kim
OBJECTIVE: The Korean advance directive (K-AD) comprises a value statement, treatment directives, preferences for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), artificial ventilation, tube feeding, and hospice care, as well as a proxy appointment. The K-AD can facilitate a patient's decision making with respect to end-of-life (EoL) care. The present study aimed to examine the extent to which patient-caregiver dyads would use the K-AD and agree on EoL care decisions. METHODS: Using a descriptive study design, 81 cancer patients were invited to participate...
November 2, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804915/support-for-using-five-attributes-to-describe-spirituality-among-families-with-a-parent-in-hospice
#9
Pam Shockey Stephenson, Denice Sheehan, Ghada Shahrour
OBJECTIVE: The importance of spirituality in the dying process is well documented. However, what spirituality means in these situations is hard to discern because few people (patients, families, researchers, or caregivers) will view spirituality in the same way. The present research supports the use of a spiritual framework consisting of five common attributes (meaning, beliefs, connections, self-transcendence, and value) as a mechanism for viewing spirituality for people nearing the end of life...
November 2, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804909/factors-associated-with-patient-preferences-for-communication-of-bad-news
#10
Maiko Fujimori, Tatsuo Akechi, Yosuke Uchitomi
OBJECTIVE: Communication based on patient preferences can alleviate their psychological distress and is an important part of patient-centered care for physicians who have the task of conveying bad news to cancer patients. The present study aimed to explore the demographic, medical, and psychological factors associated with patient preferences with regard to communication of bad news. METHODS: Outpatients with a variety of cancers were consecutively invited to participate in our study after their follow-up medical visit...
November 2, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804903/personal-reflections-on-compassionate-practice-toward-relatives
#11
Anne Hofmeyer, Shari J Lynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772537/music-therapy-for-palliative-care-a-realist-review
#12
Tracey McConnell, Sam Porter
OBJECTIVE: Music therapy has experienced a rising demand as an adjunct therapy for symptom management among palliative care patients. We conducted a realist review of the literature to develop a greater understanding of how music therapy might benefit palliative care patients and the contextual mechanisms that promote or inhibit its successful implementation. METHOD: We searched electronic databases (CINAHL, Embase, Medline, and PsychINFO) for literature containing information on music therapy for palliative care...
October 24, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748224/patients-experiences-of-care-and-support-at-home-after-a-family-member-s-participation-in-an-intervention-during-palliative-care
#13
Maria Norinder, Ida Goliath, Anette Alvariza
OBJECTIVE: Patients who receive palliative home care are in need of support from family members, who take on great responsibility related to caregiving but who often feel unprepared for this task. Increasing numbers of interventions aimed at supporting family members in palliative care have been described and evaluated. It is not known whether and how these interventions actually affect the care or support provided to a patient, even though it has been suggested that family members would be likely to provide better care and support and thus allow for positive experiences for patients...
October 17, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748223/the-truth-didn-t-die-a-palliative-care-narrative
#14
Joshua Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697082/prevalence-risk-factors-and-the-desire-for-help-of-distressed-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-a-large-sample-study
#15
Ging-Long Wang, Chih-Tao Cheng, An-Chen Feng, Sheng-Hui Hsu, Yi-Chen Hou, Chiu-Yuan Chiu
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in 2007, all newly diagnosed cancer patients at the Koo Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center (KF-SYSCC) were screened for psychosocial distress. Our social workers, as part of the psychosocial care team (PCT), have engaged in proactive outreach with patients identified as distressed. The goal of the present study was to assess the prevalence of psychosocial distress and the extent of contact between the PCT and distressed patients. METHOD: Newly diagnosed patients who were treated at KF-SYSCC between 2007 and 2010 for cancer were eligible if there were at least 100 patients with the same type of cancer...
October 4, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692012/how-to-support-teenagers-who-are-losing-a-parent-to-cancer-bereaved-young-adults-advice-to-healthcare-professionals-a-nationwide-survey
#16
Anette Alvariza, Malin Lövgren, Tove Bylund-Grenklo, Pia Hakola, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: The loss of a parent to cancer is considered one of the most traumatic events a teenager can experience. Studies have shown that teenagers, from the time of diagnosis, are already extremely worried about the consequences of a parent's cancer but tend to be left to manage these concerns on their own. The present study aimed to explore young adults' advice to healthcare professionals on how to support teenagers who are losing a parent to cancer. METHODS: This work derives from a Swedish nationwide survey and employs a qualitative approach with a descriptive/interpretive design to obtain answers to an open-ended question concerning advice to healthcare professionals...
October 3, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666282/accuracy-of-the-distress-thermometer-for-home-care-patients-with-palliative-care-needs-in-germany
#17
Johannes Wüller, Stefanie Küttner, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Roman Rolke, Tania Pastrana
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the accuracy of the German version of the Distress Thermometer (DT) compared with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in patients with palliative care needs living at home. METHOD: Ours was a 15-month cross-sectional study beginning in September of 2013 in Germany with consecutive patients cared for by a palliative home care service. The survey was implemented during the initial visit by a home care team. Patients were excluded if they were under 18 years of age, mentally or physically unable to complete the assessment questionnaires as judged by their healthcare worker, or unable to understand the German language...
September 26, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666083/searching-for-wisdom-in-oncology-care-a-scoping-review
#18
Helen Butlin, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Carla Garcia, Glenn Bauman
OBJECTIVE: The concept of "wisdom" is beginning to emerge in the oncology literature, raising questions concerning: (1) how the concept of wisdom is used in oncology literature; (2) the ways in which wisdom has been a focus of inquiry within oncology care; and (3) how wisdom is characterized when the term is used. METHOD: A scoping review, using Arksey and O'Malley's five-step framework, was undertaken to address these questions. In consultation with oncology reference librarians, "wisdom"- and "oncology"-related search terms were identified, and four electronic databases were searched: CINAHL, SocINDEX, PubMed, and PsychINFO...
September 26, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609418/willingness-to-use-hospice-care-among-caregivers-of-latino-patients-in-the-united-states-mexico-border-region
#19
Eunjeong Ko, Jaehoon Lee, Carlos Ramirez, Stephanie Martinez, Denicka Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Hospice is an important method of promoting quality end-of-life (EoL) care, yet its utilization is relatively low in underserved populations. The unique characteristics of a border community-such as a lack of healthcare resources and cultural integration-impact EoL decision making. The aim of our study was to assess the willingness to use hospice care services and its predictors among family caregivers of Latino patients in the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border region of Southern California...
September 9, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609545/legacy-in-palliative-care-legacy-that-is-lived
#20
William Breitbart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
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