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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

Delesha M Carpenter, Aditi K Dhamanaskar, Kelsea L Gallegos, Greene Shepherd, Sherita L Mosley, Courtney A Roberts
BACKGROUND: A recent Surgeon General's report encourages people to ask pharmacists about naloxone, but whether pharmacists are well-prepared to respond to these requests is unclear. OBJECTIVES: Determine factors that are associated with how often pharmacists offer and dispense naloxone. METHODS: A convenience sample of 457 community pharmacists in North Carolina completed a 5-min online survey. Linear regressions were conducted to identify factors that are associated with how often pharmacists offer and dispense naloxone...
July 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Greg L Alston, Wallace Marsh, Ashley N Castleberry, Katherine A Kelley, Eric G Boyce
OBJECTIVE: The Hiring Intent Reasoning Examination (HIRE) was designed to (1) explore the relative value of applicant-specific attributes evaluated during the hiring of entry-level pharmacists; (2) examine how each of these attributes influences hiring decisions; and (3) identify which attributes practicing pharmacists perceive as most and least valuable. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was developed and sent to 36,817 pharmacists; 3723 (11%) responded representing a broad cross-section of practice settings and job roles...
July 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
H Al-Jabr, M J Twigg, R A Saadvandi, J A Desborough
BACKGROUND: The Interpersonal Skills Questionnaire (ISQ) was developed to collect patient feedback on consultation skills of practitioners. However, it has not yet been evaluated with pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: To explore the thinking process of patients as they completed the ISQ following a consultation with a pharmacist. METHODS: A qualitative think aloud (TA) methodology was used to explore patients' thinking while completing the ISQ following a consultation with a pharmacist...
July 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Beth Fylan, Mark Tranmer, Gerry Armitage, Alison Blenkinsopp
INTRODUCTION: The complex healthcare system that provides patients with medicines places them at risk when care is transferred between healthcare organisations, for example discharge from hospital. Consequently, understanding and improving medicines management, particularly at care transfers, is a priority. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the medicines management system as patients experience it and determine differences in the patient-perceived importance of people in the system...
June 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Karen Luetsch
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are extending their engagement in health care beyond the supply and monitoring of medicines. Extended roles for pharmacists propose participation in health promotion, disease monitoring and other health surveillance activities, involving them more closely in the lives of patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore pharmacists' written reflections on patient-centred practice after interactions with people who experience complexity and difficulties to participate in their health care, using a Foucauldian approach...
June 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Tamara C Koehler, Harold Bok, Michiel Westerman, Debbie Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Within the last decade and given the context of ever-growing complexity in pharmaceutical care the new profession of Pharmacy Technicians (PT) was added to the pharmacy team. Until now, pharmaceutical organizations worldwide are searching for the best way to educate and employ future PTs. OBJECTIVE: This empirical study set out to gain insight into the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to perform as a PTs. A further aim was to develop a PT competency framework on the basis of experiences and opinions of stakeholders from the Dutch pharmaceutical field...
June 26, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mariyam Aly, Victoria García-Cárdenas, Kylie A Williams, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: An international strategy designed to promote access to primary care is the utilisation of community pharmacy to deliver structured minor ailment services (MASs). An understanding of key implementation features of MASs will support effective service delivery and implementation, promote MAS viability, sustainability and overall improvement. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the views and experiences of a range of stakeholders concerning the implementation of MASs in the United Kingdom...
June 20, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
M Cordina, K Hämeen-Anttila, J Lauri, S Tabone, H Enlund
BACKGROUND: Health and medication literacy may be important factors in the outcomes of medical treatment. Similarly, shared decision making or lack of it may influence patient's behavior and adherence to medications. OBJECTIVES: To describe health and medication literacy as well as factors associated with poor medication literacy in two different populations and secondly, to describe desire to participate in decisions concerning medications; and to assess the role of poor medication literacy in decision making...
June 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Theresa J Schindel, Nese Yuksel, Rene Breault, Jason Daniels, Stanley Varnhagen, Christine A Hughes
BACKGROUND: Continuing professional development fosters advancement in knowledge and skills and can support changes in practice. Research suggests that pharmacists perceive the need for additional training to take on expanded roles. However, the types of professional development and preferred learning methods are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify pharmacists' professional learning needs in order to support expanded roles in practice. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used...
June 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
David M Pache, Samantha A Hollingworth, Mieke L van Driel, Treasure M McGuire
BACKGROUND: Consumers have questions about their medication but the nature of these concerns and how they reflect medication use is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and medicines interests of callers to an Australian medicines call center and whether the medicines interest of callers corresponds with medicines utilization. METHODS: Data from consumers who contacted a national medicines call center between September 2002 and June 2010 were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Thiago Augusto Almeida, Edna Afonso Reis, Isabela Vaz Leite Pinto, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Micheline Rosa Silveira, Marina Guimarães Lima, Adriano Max Moreira Reis
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for the older adults are those with an unfavorable risk-benefit ratio when more effective and safe therapeutic alternatives are available and is an important public health problem. PURPOSE: To analyze the factors associated with the use of PIM by the older adults and to investigate the agreement of PIM use frequency using the 2015 American Geriatric Society Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults - 2015 AGS Beers Criteria, the Brazilian consensus on potentially inappropriate medication for older adults (BCPIM) and the European union list of potentially inappropriate medications - EU (7)-PIM List...
June 15, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Rohan Medhekar, Rajender Aparasu, Vinod Bhatara, Michael Johnson, Joy Alonzo, Heidi Schwarzwald, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient and provider characteristics associated with the use of pediatric psychotropic polypharmacy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on children with psychiatric disorder diagnosis and treatment using the 2013-2015 claims data from a Pediatric Medicaid Managed Care Plan. Psychotropic polypharmacy was defined as the receipt of ≥2 psychotropic medications from different drug classes concurrently for ≥60 days. Stratified logistic regression analyses based on the number of prescribers involved in the treatment, i...
June 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Natali Jokanovic, Noha Ferrah, Janaka J Lovell, Carolina Weller, Lyndal Bugeja, J Simon Bell, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Residential aged care is a complex and challenging clinical setting where medication errors continue to occur despite efforts to improve medication safety. No studies have sought to review and synthesize coronial investigations into medication-related deaths in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs). OBJECTIVE: To review coronial investigations into medication-related deaths in Australian RACFs. METHODS: A national review of medication-related deaths between July 2000 and July 2013 reported to Australian Coroners was performed...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kevin A Look, Mercedes Kile, Katie Morgan, Andrew Roberts
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in utilizing community pharmacies to support opioid abuse prevention and addiction treatment efforts. However, it is unknown whether the placement of community pharmacies is conducive to taking on such a role. OBJECTIVE: To examine the distribution of community pharmacies in Wisconsin and its relationship with the location of addiction treatment facilities and opioid-related overdose events in rural and urban areas. METHODS: The total number of opioid-related overdose deaths and crude death rates per 100,000 population were determined for each county in Wisconsin...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Justin Gatwood, Rhonda Hanley, Joe S Moore, Kenneth Hohmeier
The emphasis that United States employers are placing on employee wellness continues to grow; however, most attention has been paid to larger firms to gauge return-on-investment from a larger pool of enrollees. With fewer resources available to fund expansive wellness programs, smaller businesses need a cost-effective mechanism to provide such benefits. As the most accessible healthcare provider, community pharmacists are in an ideal position to support certain wellness programs for smaller businesses. This research piloted a community pharmacist-led, employer-sponsored wellness program for a self-insured financial services company in Tennessee...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Claire Anderson, Kevin Zhan, Matthew Boyd, Claire Mann
BACKGROUND: The review was carried out to inform the evaluation of the clinical pharmacists in general practice pilot scheme, a world leading initiative to improve health care delivery in England. Around 500 pharmacists are already working in general practice as part of the pilot, launched in July 2015. OBJECTIVES: The review attempts to explain the how pharmacists working in general practice is being implemented in the UK and beyond, what works well, what does not work so well and everything in-between...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ardalan Mirzaei, Stephen R Carter, Jenny Yimin Chen, Claudia Rittsteuer, Carl R Schneider
BACKGROUND: Recent changes within community pharmacy have seen a shift towards some pharmacies providing "value-added" services. However, providing high levels of service is resource intensive yet revenues from dispensing are declining. Of significance therefore, is how consumers perceive service quality (SQ). However, at present there are no validated and reliable instruments to measure consumers' perceptions of SQ in Australian community pharmacies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to build a theory-grounded model of service quality (SQ) in community pharmacies and to create a valid survey instrument to measure consumers' perceptions of service quality...
June 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mark E Patterson, Janice B Foust, Sandra Bollinger, Chandler Coleman, Diepngan Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Medication discrepancies occurring during transitions of care between hospitals and nursing homes increase the risk of adverse events for patients. Resolving mismatched information between hospitals and nursing homes adds additional burden to nursing home staff. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize challenges facing nursing home staff in receiving and resolving medication discrepancies during resident intake. METHODS: This study used one focus group comprised of five nurses, one pharmacist and two administrators from four nursing homes to explore the staffs' experiences resolving medication discrepancies at resident intake...
June 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Sun Lee, Manorama M Khare, Heidi R Olson, Aleda M H Chen, Anandi V Law
BACKGROUND: Prior work demonstrated significantly improved prescription label comprehension and functional health literacy (FHL) using an educational intervention and redesigned prescription label. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the educational intervention to improve prescription label understanding using three factors: (1) redesigned prescription label, (2) previously validated MLT and (3) pillbox fill test. METHODS: English-speaking patrons ≥55 years old taking ≥2 prescription medications were recruited in this prospective, multisite, randomized, controlled, pre-post study, in California, Illinois, and Ohio...
June 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
C Lucas, T Power, C Hayes, C Ferguson
This paper describes a novel model to providing interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within a simulated healthcare environment, in the higher education setting. The RIPE Model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) was developed for the purpose of enhancing IPE and IPC, clinical judgement, and decision-making between health professional students (pharmacy and nursing students) at the patient's simulated hospital bedside. A foundation 'unfolding' case utilizing the RIPE model was piloted with first year Master of pharmacy students and postgraduate nursing students at an Australian university and included a pharmacy practitioner acting as a resident medical officer (RMO) for the purpose of the teaching module...
June 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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