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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214149/implementing-primary-care-pharmacist-services-go-upstream-in-the-world-of-value-based-payment-models
#1
Marie A Smith, Henry A Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202233/practice-makes-perfect-a-systematic-review-of-the-expertise-development-of-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
REVIEW
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex and error-prone task that demands expertise. McLellan et al.'s theory of expertise development model ("the model"), developed to assess medical literature on prescribing by medical students, proposes that in order to develop, individuals should deliberately engage their knowledge, skills and attitudes within a social context. Its applicability to independent prescribers (IP) is unknown. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether the model is applicable to non-medical independent prescribing and to assess the factors underpinning expertise development reported in the literature...
February 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162993/generic-medicines-utilizations-and-generic-prescribing-in-nepal-a-reflection-of-current-scenario-and-possible-solutions
#3
LETTER
Mukhtar Ansari, Baburam Humagain, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214150/self-efficacy-for-deprescribing-a-survey-for-health-care-professionals-using-evidence-based-deprescribing-guidelines
#4
Barbara Farrell, Lisa Richardson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, David de Launay, Mhd Wasem Alsabbagh, James Conklin
BACKGROUND: Although polypharmacy is associated with significant morbidity, deprescribing can be challenging. In particular, clinicians express difficulty with their ability to deprescribe (i.e. reduce or stop medications that are potentially inappropriate). Evidence-based deprescribing guidelines are designed to help clinicians take action on reducing or stopping medications that may be causing more harm than benefit. OBJECTIVES: Determine if implementation of evidence-based guidelines increases self-efficacy for deprescribing proton pump inhibitor (PPI), benzodiazepine receptor agonist (BZRA) and antipsychotic (AP) drug classes...
January 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185766/complementing-or-expanding-on-existing-areas-of-research-expertise-the-importance-of-attending-and-organising-conferences-in-specific-clinical-areas
#5
LETTER
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin, Danijela Gnjidic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159532/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-access-of-older-people-in-the-scottish-highlands-to-general-medical-practices-community-pharmacies-and-prescription-medicines
#6
Gordon F Rushworth, Scott Cunningham, Sharon Pfleger, Jenny Hall, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and healthcare is more problematic in remote and rural areas. OBJECTIVES: To quantify issues of access to general practitioners (GPs), community pharmacies and prescribed medicines in older people resident in the Scottish Highlands. METHODS: Anonymized questionnaires were mailed to a random sample of 2000 older people (≥60 years) resident in the Scottish Highlands. Questionnaire items were: access and convenience to GP and pharmacy services (10 items); prescribed medicines (13 items); attitudinal statements based on the Theoretical Domains Framework (12 items); quality of life (SF8, 8 items); and demographics (12 items)...
January 25, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130022/improving-over-the-counter-medication-safety-for-older-adults-a-study-protocol-for-a-demonstration-and-dissemination-study
#7
Michelle A Chui, Jamie A Stone, Richard J Holden
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events (ADEs) associated with over-the-counter (OTC) medications cause 178,000 hospitalizations each year. Older adults, aged 65 and older, are particularly vulnerable to ADEs. Of the 2.2 million older adults considered at risk for a major ADE, more than 50% are at risk due to concurrent use of an OTC and prescription medication. OBJECTIVES: To refine the intervention and implementation strategy through diagnostic and formative evaluation; to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention for preventing misuse of high-risk OTC medications by older adults; and to evaluate the implementation of the intervention in community pharmacies...
January 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148459/exploring-factors-associated-with-asthma-related-emergency-department-visits-among-adults-a-path-analysis-approach
#8
Maithili Deshpande, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: Asthma is an expensive chronic lung disease that affects 7% of U.S. adults and results in as many as 1.8 million emergency department (ED) visits each year. Pharmacists play an important role in managing asthma, including assessing control and monitoring disease progression, educating the patient about the disease and associated treatments, and ensuring safe and cost-effective medication use. However, comprehensive studies that account for the complex relationships between factors impacting asthma-related ED visits are lacking in the adult asthma population...
January 23, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118967/pharmacists-perceptions-and-communication-of-risk-for-alertness-impairing-medications
#9
Ibrahim Jomaa, Mariam Odisho, Janet M Y Cheung, Keith Wong, Jason G Ellis, Tanya Smyth, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: A core role of the pharmacist is to ensure safe and effective medication use. Therapeutic classes that impair alertness (e.g. sedatives or hypnotics) can pose safety concerns for the consumer when undertaking activities requiring psychomotor vigilance (e.g. driving). OBJECTIVE: To explore pharmacists' perceptions and communication strategy of the risks related to alertness impairing medications in clinical practice. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews explored community pharmacists' perceptions of medication-related risks, current medication provision and the feasibility of new practice tools...
January 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096051/transitions-of-care-medication-related-barriers-identified-by-low-socioeconomic-patients-of-a-federally-qualified-health-center-following-hospital-discharge
#10
Rebecca Cope, Lauren Jonkman, Karen Quach, John Ahlborg, Sharon Connor
This article describes a qualitative research study using a semi-structured interview process to describe barriers surrounding medication access, use, and adherence for recently discharged patients of a federally qualified health center. Common themes which emerged were: 1) Team assumptions regarding patient plans to access or appropriately use discharge medications negatively impact adherence; 2) Unmet expectation for care coordination between primary care physician (PCP) and hospital; 3) Disconnect between patients and health care workers leads to disengagement; and 4) Lack of personal contact hinders access to services...
January 6, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089608/piloting-the-united-kingdom-prescribing-safety-assessment-with-pharmacist-prescribers-in-scotland
#11
Fiona Reid, Ailsa Power, Derek Stewart, Anne Watson, Leon Zlotos, Derna Campbell, Trudi McIntosh, Simon Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex task requiring considerable knowledge and skills. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) was developed by the British Pharmacological Society and the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Schools Council. Between February and June 2014, over 7000 final year medical students undertook the PSA, with an overall pass rate of 94%. Independent prescribing for suitably trained pharmacists was introduced in the UK in 2006. To date there has been little focus on any objective measures of prescribing safety...
January 6, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082033/community-pharmacy-based-point-of-care-testing-a-case-study-of-pharmacist-physician-collaborative-working-relationships
#12
Jennifer L Bacci, Donald Klepser, Heather Tilley, Jaclyn K Smith, Michael E Klepser
Building collaborative working relationships (CWRs) with physicians or other prescribers is an important step for community pharmacists in establishing a collaborative practice agreement (CPA). This case study describes the individual, context, and exchange factors that drive pharmacist-physician CWR development for community pharmacy-based point-of-care (POC) testing. Two physicians who had entered in a CPA with community pharmacists to provide POC testing were surveyed and interviewed. High scores on the pharmacist-physician collaborative index indicated a high level of collaboration between the physicians and the pharmacist who initiated the relationship...
January 3, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087207/continuous-medication-monitoring-comm-a-foundational-model-to-support-the-clinical-work-of-community-pharmacists
#13
Amber M Goedken, Christine M Butler, Randal P McDonough, Michael J Deninger, William R Doucette
BACKGROUND: Under the Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM) approach, community pharmacists prevent, identify, resolve, and document drug therapy problems during the dispensing process. OBJECTIVE: To describe the patients receiving CoMM interventions and the pattern of delivery of CoMM interventions. METHODS: Pharmacy dispensing and clinical records were reviewed for patients filling at least one prescription and receiving at least one continuous medication monitoring intervention at a community pharmacy from April 2014 through March 2015...
January 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077240/association-between-community-pharmacy-loyalty-and-persistence-and-implementation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#14
Frank E Zongo, Jocelyne Moisan, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Alain Lesage, Anara Richi Dossa, Sophie Lauzier
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence is a major obstacle to optimal treatment of schizophrenia. Community pharmacists are in a key position to detect non-adherence and put in place interventions. Their role is likely to be more efficient when individuals are loyal to a single pharmacy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the level of community pharmacy loyalty and persistence with and implementation of antipsychotic drug treatment among individuals with schizophrenia...
December 28, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027861/situational-communication-self-confidence-among-community-pharmacists-a-descriptive-analysis
#15
Nicholas E Hagemeier, Daniel Ventricelli, Rajkumar J Sevak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007411/a-qualitative-analysis-of-prescribers-and-dispensers-views-on-improving-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs
#16
Neal A Carnes, Eric R Wright, Connor W Norwood
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug abuse is epidemic in the United States (US). To help address the problem, most states operate prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs). PDMPs are designed to monitor and help control the distribution of controlled therapeutic medications and to assist prescribers and dispensers in making informed clinical decisions. To this end, PDMPs rely on timely and accurate data submission, as well as review of the data. Consequently, provider acceptance of these systems is essential to maximize their effectiveness...
December 12, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964893/dermatological-cancer-screening-evaluation-of-a-new-community-pharmacy-service
#17
Reidun L S Kjome, David J Wright, Anne-Kristin B Bjaaen, Kjersti W Garstad, Mette Valeur
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer accounts for one third of all cancers. Prognosis is inversely related to identification stage. OBJECTIVES: To describe a novel service, mole scans, performed in community pharmacy, the findings from the first 3.5 years it was in place, and to explore patient acceptability of the service. METHODS: Norwegian Boots' pharmacies offer a mole scanning service in cooperation with ScreenCancer. Scans are undertaken within pharmacy consultation rooms...
December 6, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955977/healthcare-professionals-can-assist-patients-with-managing-post-kidney-transplant-expectations
#18
Kimberley Crawford, Jac Kee Low, Elizabeth Manias, Allison Williams
Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment option for end-stage kidney disease. However, transplantation is not a cure and the prospective recipient needs to carefully evaluate the risks and benefits of receiving a transplant before agreeing to have the transplant. The objective of this commentary is to demonstrate that many kidney transplant recipients have unrealistic expectations of what life after transplantation involves. After monitoring participants in a randomised controlled trial through the first 12 months post-transplantation, we question whether patients understood the impact of receiving a transplant...
December 2, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955976/latent-class-analysis-an-example-for-reporting-results
#19
James B Schreiber
The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief non-mathematical introduction to Latent Class Analysis (LCA) and a demonstration for researchers new to the analysis technique in pharmacy and pharmacy administration. LCA is a mathematical technique for examining relationships among observed variables when there may be collections of unobserved categorical variables. Traditionally, LCA focused on polytomous observed variables, but recent work has extended the types of data that can be utilized. Included in this introduction are basic guidelines for the information that should be part of a manuscript submitted for review...
November 30, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932208/a-novel-approach-to-deprescribing-in-long-term-care-settings-the-smart-campaign
#20
Kathleen Abrahamson, Arif Nazir, Karis Pressler
There have been numerous calls within the medical community urging providers to consider the complex problem of inappropriate polypharmacy and inappropriate medication use among nursing home residents. It is clear that innovative, longitudinal policy-supported interventions are needed to better understand prescribing practices in long-term care settings and to curtail the negative, cascading outcomes associated with inappropriate polypharmacy among elderly patients. The Indiana Safer Medication Administration Regimens and Treatment (SMART) campaign is funded by the Indiana State Department of Health for a pilot period of 2 years (2016-18) with the objectives of: 1...
November 30, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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