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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716467/clinically-relevant-potential-drug-drug-interactions-among-outpatients-a-nationwide-database-study
#1
Janja Jazbar, Igor Locatelli, Nejc Horvat, Mitja Kos
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events due to drug-drug interactions (DDIs) represent a considerable public health burden, also in Slovenia. A better understanding of the most frequently occurring potential DDIs may enable safer pharmacotherapy and minimize drug-related problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of potential DDIs among outpatients in Slovenia. METHODS: An analysis of potential DDIs was performed using health claims data on prescription drugs from a nationwide database...
July 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690128/a-qualitative-case-study-of-ehealth-and-digital-literacy-experiences-of-pharmacy-staff
#2
Katie MacLure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: eHealth's many forms are benchmarked by the World Health Organization. Scotland is considered an advanced adopter of ehealth. The third global survey on ehealth includes pharmacy-related ehealth indicators. Advances in ehealth place an obligation on pharmacy staff to demonstrate proficiency, or digital literacy, in using ehealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide an indepth exploration of the ehealth and digital literacy experiences of pharmacy staff in the North East of Scotland...
July 3, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684117/exploring-the-impact-of-pharmacist-led-feedback-on-prescribing-behaviour-a-qualitative-study
#3
M Lloyd, S D Watmough, S V O'Brien, N Furlong, K Hardy
BACKGROUND: Prescribing errors occur frequently in hospital settings. Interventions to influence prescribing behaviour are needed with feedback one potential intervention to improve prescribing practice. Doctors have reported a lack of feedback on their prescribing previously whilst the literature exploring the impact of feedback on prescribing behaviour is limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of pharmacist-led feedback on prescribing behaviour. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with doctors who had received prescribing error feedback...
June 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651924/medication-understanding-among-patients-living-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-implications-for-patient-reported-measures-of-adherence
#4
R J Fredericksen, L Gibbons, S Brown, T C Edwards, F M Yang, E Fitzsimmons, K Alperovitz-Bichell, M Godfrey, A Wang, A Church, C Gutierrez, E Paez, L Dant, S Loo, M Walcott, M J Mugavero, K Mayer, W C Mathews, D L Patrick, P K Crane, H M Crane
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is associated with poor medication adherence and poor health outcomes. Limited understanding of prescribed medications may decrease validity of patient-reported adherence measures. OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge of names and purposes of prescribed medications among patients with multiple chronic conditions. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of patients from six U.S. primary care clinics...
June 20, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651923/randomized-controlled-trials-covering-pharmaceutical-care-and-medicines-management-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rozina Kousar, Ghulam Murtaza, Saira Azhar, Shujaat Ali Khan, Louise Curley
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of pharmaceutical care on hospitalizations, mortality and clinical outcomes in patients. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases to identify studies that were published between 2004 and January 2017. Studies included in this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that spanned across both community and hospital settings. Using strict inclusion/exclusion criteria studies were included if they reported level 1 or 2 outcomes in the hierarchy of outcome measure i...
June 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666817/what-supports-hospital-pharmacist-prescribing-in-scotland-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-sequential-study
#6
J Fisher, M Kinnear, F Reid, C Souter, D Stewart
While approximately half of all qualified hospital pharmacist independent prescribers (PIPs) in Scotland are active prescribers, there are major differences in prescribing activity across geographical areas. This study aimed to explore, through focus groups, interviews and a questionnaire, hospital PIPs' perceptions of factors associated with prescribing activity and to investigate the infrastructure required to better support active prescribing by PIPs. Findings reinforced the perceived positive impact of supportive pharmacy leadership within the organisation, recognition that prescribing is integral to the clinical pharmacist role and a work environment conducive to prescribing...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655492/medication-adherence-beliefs-of-u-s-community-pharmacists
#7
Matthew J Witry
BACKGROUND: There is increasing attention on the role of community pharmacists in improving medication adherence. There is a need to better understand pharmacist attitudes and experiences related to this role. OBJECTIVE: To assess community pharmacist perceptions of patient reasons for non-adherence, characterize the adherence beliefs of community pharmacists, and test if there are demographic predictors of pharmacists' self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and role beliefs related to intervening on medication non-adherence...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655491/effects-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-contraceptive-coverage-requirement-on-the-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-costs-of-prescribed-oral-contraceptives
#8
Nam Hyo Kim, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) mandated that private health insurance plans cover prescribed contraceptive services for women, including oral contraceptives (OCs), without charging a patient any cost-sharing beginning in August 2012. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the ACA's contraceptive coverage requirement on the utilization and out-of-pocket costs of prescribed OCs after two years of implementation. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was designed using data from the 2010 to 2014 waves of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641999/effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-medication-adherence-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Myriam Jihad Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu
BACKGROUND: The impact of collaborative and multidisciplinary health care on the outcomes of care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is well-established in the literature. However, there is lack of high quality evidence on the role of pharmacist care in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist care on patient outcomes (readmission, mortality, emergency visits, and medication adherence) in patients with ACS at or post-discharge...
June 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645553/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-integrated-medication-management-program-and-implications-for-implementation
#10
Shira H Fischer, Courtney K Armstrong, Erin L Duffy, Peter S Hussey
BACKGROUND: Improving medication adherence is a common and challenging issue. Taking medications as prescribed becomes particularly difficult for individuals with multiple chronic conditions. Poor adherence can lead to exacerbated health issues and prolonged disease severity. Medication Therapy Management is increasingly being used to help clinics improve medication adherence and reduce adverse events, but factors that enable implementation of such programs are not well identified. OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors associated with implementation of an innovative pharmacy program and to measure the impact of the intervention...
June 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624292/the-use-of-non-prescription-medicines-during-lactation-a-qualitative-study-of-community-pharmacists-attitudes-and-perspectives
#11
Tin Fei Sim, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jillian Sherriff, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists play a significant role in the provision of non-prescription medicines. There is evidence that women self-medicate and use non-prescription medicines whilst breastfeeding. Studies have demonstrated that breastfeeding women are likely to seek advice from pharmacists, presenting a unique opportunity for pharmacists to provide on-going support of these women especially in relation to the appropriate use of non-prescription medicines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' attitudes and perspectives towards the use of non-prescription medicines during breastfeeding...
June 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666816/application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-community-pharmacy-a-framework-for-implementation-research-on-pharmacy-services
#12
Sarah J Shoemaker, Geoffrey M Curran, Holly Swan, Benjamin S Teeter, Jeremy Thomas
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies are an increasingly important health care setting with opportunities for improving quality and safety, yet little is understood about determinants of implementation in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents an implementation framework for pharmacy based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). METHODS: This study employed a critical review of 45 articles on professional services provided in community pharmacies, including medication therapy management (MTM), immunizations, and rapid HIV testing...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600197/dissemination-and-implementation-sciences-in-pharmacy-a-call-to-action-for-professional-organizations
#13
Terry L Seaton
There is a substantial gap between the generation of new knowledge and its widespread incorporation into routine clinical practice, including the medication use process. Principles of dissemination and implementation sciences, if fully embraced by clinicians and researchers, have the potential of improving healthcare effectiveness, efficiency, quality, and safety. This commentary is a call to action for member-driven professional organizations in pharmacy to serve their members and the profession by proactively and strategically leading efforts to develop pharmacist's abilities to incorporate principles of dissemination and implementation sciences into their practice...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619650/advancing-pharmacy-practice-through-implementation-science
#14
EDITORIAL
Geoffrey M Curran, Sarah J Shoemaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595895/understanding-the-dissemination-of-appointment-based-synchronization-models-using-the-cfir-framework
#15
Julie Patterson, David Holdford
BACKGROUND: The appointment based model (ABM) is a innovative model of pharmacy practice that combines medication synchronization with scheduled monthly appointments to improve patient medication adherence and convenience. It is being implemented in many pharmacies across the United States. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to use the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to discuss the barriers and facilitators of ABM implementation in community pharmacies while identifying priorities for additional implementation research...
June 1, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602278/the-next-phase-in-professional-services-research-from-implementation-to-sustainability
#16
Carmen Crespo-Gonzalez, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas, Shalom I Benrimoj
The provision of professional pharmacy services has been heralded as the professional and the economic future of pharmacy. There are different phases involved in a service creation including service design, impact evaluation, implementation and sustainability. The two first phases have been subject to extensive research. In the last years the principles of Implementation science have been applied in pharmacy to study the initial uptake and integration of evidence-based services into routine practice. However, little attention has been paid to the sustainability of those services, during which there is a continued use of the service previously implemented to achieve and sustain long-term outcomes...
May 31, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583300/testing-evidence-routine-practice-using-an-implementation-framework-to-embed-a-clinically-proven-asthma-service-in-australian-community-pharmacy
#17
Joanne M Fuller, Bandana Saini, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Victoria Garcia Cardenas, Shalom I Benrimoj, Carol Armour
INTRODUCTION: Community pharmacists are well placed and evidence clearly demonstrates that they can be suitably trained to deliver professional services that improve the management of asthma patients in clinical, economic and humanistic terms. However the gap between this evidence and practice reality remains wide. In this study we measure the implementation process as well as the service benefits of an asthma service model. METHODS: Using an effectiveness-implementation hybrid design, a defined implementation process (progression from Exploration through Preparation and Testing to Operation stages) supporting an asthma service (promoting asthma control and inhaler technique) was tested in 17 community pharmacies across metropolitan Sydney...
May 30, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602277/development-and-validation-of-an-asthma-first-aid-knowledge-questionnaire
#18
Kate Luckie, Tsz Chun Pang, Vicky Kritikos, Bandana Saini, Rebekah Jane Moles
BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard outcome assessment for asthma first-aid knowledge. We therefore aimed to develop and validate an asthma first-aid knowledge questionnaire (AFAKQ) to be used before and after educational interventions. METHODS: The AFAKQ was developed based on a content analysis of existing asthma knowledge questionnaires and current asthma management guidelines. Content and face validity was performed by a review panel consisting of expert respiratory physicians, researchers and parents of school aged children...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#19
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576614/the-complexity-of-implementation-factors-in-professional-pharmacy-services
#20
Victoria Garcia-Cardenas, Beatriz Perez-Escamilla, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Shalom I Benrimoj
Implementation of professional pharmacy services is a complex process, in which multi-level factors interact and influence implementation process and outcomes at various levels or domains. In this paper the terms that have been used to describe the factors that influence implementation of evidence-based services and their domains are presented. The complex 'cause-and-effect' interactions by which implementation factors appear to interact throughout the implementation process are also discussed. Identifying and understanding these complex and causal relationships between different implementation factors, represents a key process in the implementation of any service, in order to assist in the development of tailored implementation strategies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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