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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

Mouna Sawan, Yun-Hee Jeon, Timothy F Chen
INTRODUCTION: Psychotropic medicines are often prescribed in nursing homes to manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia despite marginal clinical effects alongside harmful adverse events. Organizational culture has been identified as a key factor that contributes to the high-level prescribing of psychotropic medicines in nursing homes. There are gaps in existing tools used to link organizational culture to the use of psychotropic medicines. The aim of this research was to develop and content validate a tool that evaluates organizational culture specific to the use of psychotropic medicines, named the Psychotropic medicines use in Residents And Culture: Influencing Clinical Excellence (PRACTICE) tool© ...
August 31, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kristie Rebecca Weir, Carissa Bonner, Kirsten McCaffery, Vasi Naganathan, Stacy M Carter, Debbie Rigby, Lyndal Trevena, Andrew McLachlan, Jesse Jansen
BACKGROUND: In Australia, the Home Medicines Review (HMR) is a nationally-funded program, led by pharmacists to optimize medication use for older people. A Medicines Conversation Guide was developed for pharmacists to use in the context of a HMR. The Guide aims to increase patient involvement and support discussions about: general health understanding, decision-making and information preferences, health priorities related to medicines, patient goals and fears, views on important activities and trade-offs...
August 22, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Bethany Grew, Carl R Schneider, Ardalan Mirzaei, Stephen R Carter
BACKGROUND: Consumer insights are vital to gain an understanding of service quality and enable its accurate measurement. Our team has previously developed a theory-based, qualitatively and quantitatively-informed service quality questionnaire for Australian community pharmacies with a price-focused marketing strategy (PFMS). The questionnaire assess 6 domains of service quality: Health and Medicines Advice, Non-Prescription Service, Relationship Quality, Technical Quality, Environmental Quality, and Health Outcomes...
August 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mariam Fathima, Bandana Saini, Juliet M Foster, Carol L Armour
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that COPD screening by community pharmacists is effective, but it is unknown if it can be successfully implemented in Australian pharmacies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the pharmacist-perceived barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a community pharmacy-based COPD screening service guided by implementation science methodology. METHODS: Trained pharmacists participated in a 6 month longitudinal study designed and based on implementation science frameworks...
August 14, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Geoffrey M Curran, Patricia R Freeman, Bradley C Martin, Benjamin S Teeter, Karen L Drummond, Katharine Bradley, Mary M Thannisch, Cynthia L Mosley, Nancy Schoenberg, Mark Edlund
BACKGROUND: Effective communication between prescribers of opioids and community pharmacists can contribute to maximizing appropriate pain management and reducing opioid misuse and diversion. While much of the education and training available on reducing opioid misuse and diversion stresses the importance of interprofessional communication between prescribers and pharmacists, few studies have been explored those communication patterns directly. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this manuscript are to present and explore key emergent themes from a qualitative study around the nature, frequency, and content of communication between primary care physicians (PCPs) and pharmacists focusing on opioids...
August 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Stephen B Duffull, Megan G Anakin, Daniel F B Wright
Clinical decision-making is arguably the most important and underappreciated skill in pharmacy. It can be described as four discrete steps: information gathering, clinical reasoning and judgement and, the decision process. The information gathering and decision negotiation steps and to some extent clinical reasoning are addressed either implicitly or explicitly by practitioners and educators. Clinical judgement, however, remains a largely unexplored concept for clinical decision-making in healthcare therapeutics...
August 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Yazed AlRuthia, Haya Almalag, Ibrahim Sales, Ahmed Abdulrahman Albassam, Fawaz Abdullah Alharbi, Alanoud Mushaal Almutairi, Nouf Alquait, Yousif Asiri
BACKGROUND: Patients' trust in their physicians is critical to ensuring quality in healthcare. Despite the fact that both medication knowledge and trust in healthcare providers positively correlate with improved clinical outcomes, the presence of a link between these two attributes remains to be established. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a relationship exists between patients' trust in their primary care physicians and their medication knowledge. METHODS: Patient trust was measured using the healthcare relationship (HCR) trust scale, and the medication knowledge by the self-reported medication knowledge questionnaire...
August 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Adriane N Irwin, Olivia C Stewart, Viet Q Nguyen, Andrew S Bzowyckyj
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to hormonal contraception reduces unintended pregnancies. One strategy gaining momentum is allowing patients to access hormonal contraception directly from pharmacists. Commentary on online news articles provides a naturalistic and real-time data source to assess public perceptions on timely and often controversial issues. OBJECTIVE: Characterize public perceptions of pharmacist-prescribed self-administered non-emergency hormonal contraception using comments posted in response to online news articles...
August 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Julie A Patterson, David A Holdford, Spencer E Harpe
BACKGROUND: Patients select healthcare providers and facilities based on a complex array of factors. Pharmacy-level quality metrics have been discussed as a way to help direct patients towards high-quality pharmacies. Limited research has been conducted on the potential impact of quality metrics on the pharmacy selection process. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure the relative strength of patient preferences for community pharmacy attributes and to describe associations between patient sociodemographic and health characteristics and pharmacy preferences...
August 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Daniel F B Wright, Megan G Anakin, Stephen B Duffull
Clinical decision-making skills are recognized as a central component of professional competency but are under-developed in pharmacy compared to other health professions. There is an urgent need for a comprehensive understanding of how pharmacists can best develop and use therapeutic decision-making skills in clinical practice. The aims of this commentary are to define clinical decision-making in pharmacy practice, and to present a model for clinical decision-making that aligns with a philosophical framework for pharmacy practice...
August 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jonathan Penm, Régis Vaillancourt, Annie Pouliot
BACKGROUND: Medication discrepancies occur in up to 80% of hospitalized patients during transitions of care, either at admission or discharge. However, numerous organization have different definitions of medication reconciliation which may result in variations of services being implemented. OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus definition of medication reconciliation and define the essential components of medication reconciliation based on international consensus using a modified Delphi process...
August 1, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Shukry Zawahir, Sarath Lekamwasam, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Dispensing antibiotics without a prescription, although forbidden by Sri Lankan law since 1986, is a common practice throughout the country. This study attempted to quantify this practice for the first time. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the response of community pharmacy staff to an antibiotic product request without a prescription and to explore possible factors influencing such practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional simulated client study was conducted from Jan to Sept 2017...
July 29, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Sunil Shrestha, Sudip Shrestha, Saval Khanal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ida-Maisie Famiyeh, Linda MacKeigan, Alison Thompson, Kerry Kuluski, Lisa M McCarthy
BACKGROUND: In 2012, community pharmacists in Ontario, Canada gained regulatory authority to independently prescribe, including renew and adapt prescriptions. Studies have explored views of pharmacists, physicians and policymakers about pharmacist prescribing but less is known about the views of community pharmacy services users. OBJECTIVE: To describe Ontario community pharmacy service users' support for and stated willingness to use pharmacist prescribing services...
July 24, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Parisa Aslani, Kim Hamrosi, Vivien Tong, Timothy F Chen, Jane Cook, Romano Fois, Theresa McGarry, Carter Moore, Rodney Peters, Sarah Spagnardi, Karen Whitelock
INTRODUCTION: Post-market surveillance of medical devices relies on compulsory and voluntary reports. Although direct consumer reporting of medical device-related adverse events (AEs) is available in Australia, the proportion of consumer reports has remained low. Limited qualitative research has previously explored consumer insights on AEs associated with medical devices and in particular, AE reporting. OBJECTIVE: To explore consumer opinions on AEs related to medical devices, and their knowledge of, experiences with, and views on, the reporting of medical device-related AEs...
July 21, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
David G Taylor, Francois Giuliano, Geoff Hackett, Evelyn Hermes-DeSantis, Michael G Kirby, Robert A Kloner, Terry Maguire, Vera Stecher, Paul Goggin
Erectile dysfunction (ED), which worldwide is likely to affect in excess of 300 million men by 2025, is often either untreated or insufficiently treated. It can be a prelude to other serious illnesses and may be a cause or consequence of depression in affected individuals. Among men younger than 60 years of age, ED can be a robust early-stage indicator of vascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Untreated or inadequately treated ED can also be a sign of poor communication between health professionals and service users of all ages...
July 21, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Vera H Buss, Louise S Deeks, Alison Shield, Sam Kosari, Mark Naunton
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care tests are characterised through the ability of conducting them near the patient's side without the necessity of a laboratory. They can be applied in different healthcare settings to improve patients' access to testing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and analytical quality of point-of-care tests performed in the community pharmacy. METHODS: Six electronic databases were systematically searched using a predefined search strategy...
July 20, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Joshua D Brown, Phuong N Pham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mark A Strand, Heidi Eukel, Siri Burck
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioids are known to be highly addictive, contributing to the opioid epidemic which continues to besiege victims in the United States. Pharmacists are gatekeepers straddling the prescribers of opioids and their patients; therefore they are in the ideal position to screen for opioid misuse among patients receiving opioid prescriptions and counsel them on safe use. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to design the Opioid Misuse Risk Prevention Toolkit and then evaluate the utility of the toolkit by implementing it in community pharmacy practice sites...
July 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Lobna Al Juffali, Sinaa Al-Aqeel, Peter Knapp, Kathryn Mearns, Hannah Family, Margaret Watson
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacy practice in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) faces many challenges. In KSA, there is a lack of empirical research about medication safety in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety problems associated with medication supply from community pharmacies in KSA and compare different stakeholder perspectives. METHODS: Four focus groups and individual interviews were conducted in Riyadh, KSA, in February-May 2013...
July 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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