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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811151/proposed-model-for-translational-research-at-a-teaching-intensive-college-of-pharmacy
#1
Erin Ulrich, Sarah Grady, Jacqueline Vonderhaar, Andrew Ruplin
BACKGROUND: Many American colleges of pharmacy are small, private, teaching institutions. Faculty are required to maintain a research agenda, although the publication quota is less compared with their publicly funded college of pharmacy peers. Faculty at these smaller schools conduct research with very little internal or external funding. This tends to lead to smaller, less impactful research findings. Translational research is becoming popular for research faculty as it bridges theory to practice...
August 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784591/development-of-a-strategic-model-for-integrating-complementary-medicines-into-professional-pharmacy-practice
#2
Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Joanna Harnett, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicine (TM) and complementary medicine (CM) products have played an increasingly important role in the business of pharmacy for over two decades in a number of countries. With a focus on the quality use of all medicines including complementary medicines, there have been a number of initiatives to encourage the integration of TM/CM products into professional practice. Recent studies report that many of the barriers that prevent such integration remain. OBJECTIVES: To explore the pharmacists' perspective regarding how barriers to the integration of TM/CM products into the professional practice of pharmacy could be resolved...
August 3, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811152/how-does-media-coverage-effect-the-consumption-of-antidepressants-a-study-of-the-media-coverage-of-antidepressants-in-danish-online-newspapers-2010-2011
#3
Michael Green Lauridsen, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
BACKGROUND: The news media has become a major source of health information for the public, and hence vital in the individuals' opinions and decisions about health topics. The first decrease in the usage of antidepressants in Denmark in over a decade happened alongside an intensive period of media coverage about antidepressants. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the Danish media's coverage of antidepressants during 2010-2011 in order to explore what influence it could have had on the change in the use of antidepressants...
August 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789923/geographical-accessibility-to-community-pharmacies-by-the-elderly-in-metropolitan-lisbon
#4
Miguel Padeiro
BACKGROUND: In ageing societies, community pharmacies play an important role in delivering medicines, responsible advising, and other targeted services. Elderly people are among their main consumers, as they use more prescription drugs, need more specific health care, and experience more mobility issues than other age groups. This makes geographical accessibility a relevant concern for them. OBJECTIVES: To measure geographical pedestrian accessibility to community pharmacies by elderly people in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (LMA)...
August 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768574/patient-inaccessibility-to-antifungal-drugs-in-developing-nations-the-case-of-pakistan
#5
LETTER
Ahsan Saleem, Anam Khan, Akram Ahmad, Muhammad Umair Khan, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778676/impact-of-community-pharmacists-interventions-on-asthma-self-management-care
#6
Milena Kovačević, Milica Ćulafić, Marija Jovanović, Katarina Vučićević, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević, Branislava Miljković
BACKGROUND: Asthma self-management is aimed to improve the quality and effectiveness of asthma care by supporting the patients to manage their illness by themselves. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-delivered counselling on patients knowledge and beliefs about the medicines, adherence level, and asthma control. METHODS: A prospective intervention study was conducted in community pharmacies. A total of 90 patients completed the study...
July 25, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756965/drug-related-problems-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-patients-after-discharge-a-prevalence-analysis-and-clinical-case-scenario-based-pilot-study
#7
Johanna Freyer, Lucie Hueter, Lysann Kasprick, Thomas Frese, Ralf Sultzer, Susanne Schiek, Thilo Bertsche
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients bear a high risk for having drug-related problems (DRPs). Transitions of care are especially susceptible to these DRPs. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the prevalence of DRPs in geriatric patients' post-discharge medication lists and to assess physicians' ability to identify DRPs by using clinical case scenarios. METHODS: A sequential prospective mixed-method study was performed. In a DRP prevalence analysis, an expert panel of clinical pharmacists analyzed DRPs in post-discharge medication lists of long-term hospitalized patients from a German inpatient geriatric rehabilitation center...
July 25, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754424/pharmacist-perceptions-of-competency-identifying-priority-areas-for-a-competency-program-development-at-an-academic-medical-center
#8
Jami E Mann, Lindsey B Amerine, Kayla Waldron, Michael D Wolcott, Jacqueline E McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Competency-based education models can serve as valuable resources for providing quality continuing education and professional development in healthcare. However, competency development programs can be stifled by scarce stakeholder involvement and insufficient recognition of resource challenges. Engaging pharmacists in program development can inform program design and prioritization of needs. OBJECTIVE: To describe a process to assess pharmacist perceptions about competency development and to inform program design by identifying high priority topic areas based on perceived value, confidence in abilities, and frequency of use by pharmacists...
July 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754425/thoroughness-of-community-pharmacists-assessment-and-communication-using-the-patient-care-process
#9
Mohammad B Nusair, Lisa M Guirguis
BACKGROUND: The patient care process (PCP) was adopted to move community pharmacy practice from the traditional dispensing role to a more professional level of patient care. However, research has not yet empirically characterized how pharmacists conduct the PCP in community pharmacies. OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes how pharmacists employ the PCP when evaluating medication appropriateness in a simulated community pharmacy setting. METHODS: A mixed methods analysis was employed to analyze simulated patient-pharmacist interactions (i...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734736/analysis-of-medication-adherence-related-notes-from-a-service-oriented-community-pharmacy
#10
Matthew Witry, Rachel Parry, Randal McDonough, Michael Deninger
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is a significant public health problem. Community pharmacists are positioned to intervene, however, the process is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To classify and quantify the reasons for nonadherence documented by community pharmacists. METHODS: A retrospective content analysis of pharmacist notes related to nonadherence at a service oriented community pharmacy in the Midwest United States. Notes from the site's dispensing custom documentation software were obtained from September 1, 2014 through February 28, 2015 that were labeled "compliance", either prompted by proportion of days covered calculations or entered as a drug therapy problem...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728804/pharmacy-technician-self-efficacies-insight-to-aid-future-education-staff-development-and-workforce-planning
#11
Shane P Desselle, Ryan Hoh, Erin R Holmes, Amanpreet Gill, Lemuel Zamora
BACKGROUND: The roles of pharmacy technicians are increasingly prominent given pharmacy's transition to patient-centered activities and evolving scopes of practice in many U.S. states and throughout the world. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess U.S. pharmacy technicians' self-efficacies for and attitudes toward performing current and emerging roles in hospital and in community pharmacy and to identify factors related to pharmacy technician self-efficacies in these roles...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733142/deprescribing-for-frail-older-people-learning-from-the-case-of-mrs-hansen
#12
Anne Gerd Granas, Marit Stendal Bakken, Sabine Ruths, Katja Taxis
Drug treatment is often an essential part in treatment and prevention of diseases in older people, but there is much concern about inappropriate medication use. This paper aims to describe the complexity of medication safety issues and clinical judgments when optimizing prescribing in older individuals. It uses the case of Mrs. Hansen, an aged nursing home resident, to illustrate the facilitators and barriers of this process. With decreasing life expectancy, medication use should shift from cure to care, focusing on symptomatic treatment to increase the patient's well-being...
July 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716467/clinically-relevant-potential-drug-drug-interactions-among-outpatients-a-nationwide-database-study
#13
Janja Jazbar, Igor Locatelli, Nejc Horvat, Mitja Kos
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events due to drug-drug interactions (DDIs) represent a considerable public health burden, also in Slovenia. A better understanding of the most frequently occurring potential DDIs may enable safer pharmacotherapy and minimize drug-related problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of potential DDIs among outpatients in Slovenia. METHODS: An analysis of potential DDIs was performed using health claims data on prescription drugs from a nationwide database...
July 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690128/a-qualitative-case-study-of-ehealth-and-digital-literacy-experiences-of-pharmacy-staff
#14
Katie MacLure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: eHealth's many forms are benchmarked by the World Health Organization. Scotland is considered an advanced adopter of ehealth. The third global survey on ehealth includes pharmacy-related ehealth indicators. Advances in ehealth place an obligation on pharmacy staff to demonstrate proficiency, or digital literacy, in using ehealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide an indepth exploration of the ehealth and digital literacy experiences of pharmacy staff in the North East of Scotland...
July 3, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684117/exploring-the-impact-of-pharmacist-led-feedback-on-prescribing-behaviour-a-qualitative-study
#15
M Lloyd, S D Watmough, S V O'Brien, N Furlong, K Hardy
BACKGROUND: Prescribing errors occur frequently in hospital settings. Interventions to influence prescribing behaviour are needed with feedback one potential intervention to improve prescribing practice. Doctors have reported a lack of feedback on their prescribing previously whilst the literature exploring the impact of feedback on prescribing behaviour is limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of pharmacist-led feedback on prescribing behaviour. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with doctors who had received prescribing error feedback...
June 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651924/medication-understanding-among-patients-living-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-implications-for-patient-reported-measures-of-adherence
#16
R J Fredericksen, L Gibbons, S Brown, T C Edwards, F M Yang, E Fitzsimmons, K Alperovitz-Bichell, M Godfrey, A Wang, A Church, C Gutierrez, E Paez, L Dant, S Loo, M Walcott, M J Mugavero, K Mayer, W C Mathews, D L Patrick, P K Crane, H M Crane
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is associated with poor medication adherence and poor health outcomes. Limited understanding of prescribed medications may decrease validity of patient-reported adherence measures. OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge of names and purposes of prescribed medications among patients with multiple chronic conditions. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of patients from six U.S. primary care clinics...
June 20, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651923/randomized-controlled-trials-covering-pharmaceutical-care-and-medicines-management-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rozina Kousar, Ghulam Murtaza, Saira Azhar, Shujaat Ali Khan, Louise Curley
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of pharmaceutical care on hospitalizations, mortality and clinical outcomes in patients. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases to identify studies that were published between 2004 and January 2017. Studies included in this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that spanned across both community and hospital settings. Using strict inclusion/exclusion criteria studies were included if they reported level 1 or 2 outcomes in the hierarchy of outcome measure i...
June 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666817/what-supports-hospital-pharmacist-prescribing-in-scotland-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-sequential-study
#18
J Fisher, M Kinnear, F Reid, C Souter, D Stewart
While approximately half of all qualified hospital pharmacist independent prescribers (PIPs) in Scotland are active prescribers, there are major differences in prescribing activity across geographical areas. This study aimed to explore, through focus groups, interviews and a questionnaire, hospital PIPs' perceptions of factors associated with prescribing activity and to investigate the infrastructure required to better support active prescribing by PIPs. Findings reinforced the perceived positive impact of supportive pharmacy leadership within the organisation, recognition that prescribing is integral to the clinical pharmacist role and a work environment conducive to prescribing...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655492/medication-adherence-beliefs-of-u-s-community-pharmacists
#19
Matthew J Witry
BACKGROUND: There is increasing attention on the role of community pharmacists in improving medication adherence. There is a need to better understand pharmacist attitudes and experiences related to this role. OBJECTIVE: To assess community pharmacist perceptions of patient reasons for non-adherence, characterize the adherence beliefs of community pharmacists, and test if there are demographic predictors of pharmacists' self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and role beliefs related to intervening on medication non-adherence...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655491/effects-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-contraceptive-coverage-requirement-on-the-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-costs-of-prescribed-oral-contraceptives
#20
Nam Hyo Kim, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) mandated that private health insurance plans cover prescribed contraceptive services for women, including oral contraceptives (OCs), without charging a patient any cost-sharing beginning in August 2012. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the ACA's contraceptive coverage requirement on the utilization and out-of-pocket costs of prescribed OCs after two years of implementation. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was designed using data from the 2010 to 2014 waves of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
June 17, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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