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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

Bram J Mertens, Henk-Frans Kwint, Rob J van Marum, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Multidose drug dispensing (MDD) is used to help patients take their medicines appropriately. Little is known about drug regimen changes within these MDD systems and how they are effectuated by the community pharmacist. Manual immediate adjustments of the MDD system could introduce dispensing errors. MDD guidelines therefore recommend to effectuate drug regimen changes at the start of a new MDD system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency, type, procedure followed, immediate necessity, and time taken to make MDD adjustments...
May 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Bjørn Evald Holstein, Anne Maj Denbæk, Anette Andersen, Pernille Due
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic variation in adolescents' medicine use behaviour is an understudied issue. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between socioeconomic background and medicine use for headache among adolescents, and how this association changes over time. METHODS: Data stem from the Danish part of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study 1991-2014 with data about parents' occupational social class (OSC) and self-reported medicine use for headache, n = 26,685...
May 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Maria Sjölander, Lars Lindholm, Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson, Jörn Schneede, Hugo Lövheim, Maria Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacists play an increasing role in the pharmacological treatment of hospital-admitted older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment. In an earlier randomised controlled trial, clinical pharmacist involvement in the ward team could significantly reduce drug-related readmissions in patient subgroups. However, the economic impact of the intervention has not been addressed so far. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacist engagement in hospital ward teams for medication therapy management in older patients with dementia or cognitive impairments...
May 16, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Hamde Nazar, Zachariah Nazar
BACKGROUND: Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sustainability potential of pharmacy minor ailment services from the perspective of community pharmacy stakeholders within the North East of England...
May 14, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Sarah M Hosking, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Alison Beauchamp, Rachelle Buchbinder, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
This study investigated associations between health literacy and use of anti-fracture medications in women with osteoporosis. Data were collected for women participating in the population-based Geelong Osteoporosis Study in Australia. Health literacy was ascertained using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) and bone mineral density by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Self-reported current medications were classified using MIMS codes, with the category 'Agent affecting calcium and bone metabolism' indicating osteoporosis treatment...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Rahul Khairnar, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient reported barriers and facilitators to self-management of T2DM in a primary care setting. METHODS: This cross sectional study combined patient survey data with electronic medical record (EMR) data...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Josep M Guiu Segura, Ferran Bossacoma Busquets, Irina Aguilar Barcons, Antoni Gilabert Perramon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mai H Duong, Rebekah J Moles, Betty Chaar, Timothy F Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Muhammad Umair Khan, Michael Kohn, Parisa Aslani
Nonadherence to long-term medications attenuates optimum health outcomes. There is an abundance of research on measuring and identifying factors affecting medication adherence in a range of chronic medical conditions. However, there is a lack of standardisation in adherence research, namely in the methods and measures used. In the case of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, this lack of standardisation makes it difficult to compare and combine findings and to draw meaningful conclusions. Standardisation should commence with a universally accepted categorisation or taxonomy of adherence which takes into consideration the dynamic nature of medication-taking...
April 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Marcia Vervloet, Liset van Dijk, Jany J D J M Rademakers, Marcel L Bouvy, Peter A G M De Smet, Daphne Philbert, Ellen S Koster
BACKGROUND: In the context of medication use, pharmaceutical literacy skills are crucial for appropriate and safe use of medication. Recognition of patients with inadequate pharmaceutical literacy in daily pharmacy practice is difficult. No instrument is yet available to support pharmacists herein. The aim of this study was therefore to develop an interview guide for pharmacists to Recognize and Address Limited PHarmaceutical literacy (RALPH). METHODS: The RALPH interview guide was constructed in three phases: (1) development including a literature search, expert group discussion, and feasibility test with 15 patients; (2) pilot-test with 421 patients throughout 30 community pharmacies, and (3) final test with 508 patients to optimize the interview guide...
April 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Monica Zolezzi, Oraib Abdallah, Nadir Kheir, Abdelsalam Gomaa Abdelsalam
BACKGROUND: Individuals who suffer from major cardiovascular events every year have one or more risk factors. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment is an important strategy for the early identification of modifiable risk factors and their management. There is substantial evidence that shifting the focus from treatment to primary prevention reduces the burden of CVD. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preparedness of community pharmacists in Qatar for the provision of CVD risk assessment and management services; and to explore the pharmacists' views on the provision of these services...
April 28, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Mhd Wasem Alsabbagh, Dana Church, Lisa Wenger, John Papastergiou, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, Eric Schneider, Nancy Waite
BACKGROUND: One approach to boost influenza vaccination coverage has been to expand immunization authority. In 2012, the province of Ontario gave community pharmacists the authority to administer the influenza vaccine. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the perspectives of Ontario pharmacy patrons, who had not recently received this vaccine from a pharmacist, regarding this pharmacist service. METHODS: A survey was administered in six Ontario community pharmacies to pharmacy patrons who had not received an influenza vaccination from a pharmacist during the previous year...
April 24, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Christian Díaz de León-Castañeda, Jéssica Gutiérrez-Godínez, Juventino Iii Colado-Velázquez, Cairo Toledano-Jaimes
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, the Modelo Nacional de Farmacia Hospitalaria (MNFH, or National Hospital Pharmacy Model), published in 2009, mainly aims to promote the provision of clinical pharmacy services in private and public hospitals. However, there is little scientific documentation about the quality of these services. OBJECTIVES: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions related to the quality of clinical pharmacy services provision. METHODS: A case-study based on a qualitative approach was performed at the pharmaceutical services unit at a public hospital located in Mexico City, which operates under the administrative control of the Ministry of Health...
April 22, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Harjit K Singh, Gerard A Kennedy, Ieva Stupans
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy health coaching is a nascent topic offering promise on several fronts. There is considerable benefit to discerning the contributions thus far and future directions of pharmacy health coaching and research of the topic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to synthesize the available empirical evidence regarding pharmacy health coaching and to define it. METHODS: This systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines...
April 21, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Andrea L Kjos, Ginelle A Bryant
BACKGROUND: Systems approaches in healthcare address complexities of care related to medication safety. Adverse drug events can be prevented by communication between providers. Thus, methods that depict the structures and processes of communications are foundational for prevention efforts. Social network analysis is a methodology applied in healthcare settings to describe and quantify communication patterns. Knowledge of the structures and processes surrounding medication management communications will be useful to explain and intervene on related quality or safety outcomes...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Genival Araujo Dos Santos Júnior, Thelma Onozato, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Sheila Feitosa Ramos, André Mascarenhas Pereira, Carla Francisca Dos Santos Cruz, Giselle Carvalho Brito, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy services (CPS) have been evolving worldwide. However, it is estimated that CPS are not yet integrated into the Brazilian healthcare system. Thus, the objective of this study is to identify factors that influence the integration of CPS into the healthcare system and propose strategies for this integration. METHODS: A methodological development study was conducted from August 2016 to September 2017. Thus, interviews were conducted with key informants to identify barriers, facilitators, and strategies for CPS integration...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Lorna Marie West, Maria Cordina
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to short-term antibiotics is considered to be one of the factors leading to medicines wastage, and this can increase misuse of medicine taking, promote antibiotic resistance and cause environmental pollution. Interventions developed to enhance adherence to short-term antibiotics should be easily implementable into daily practice. No studies utilising Normalization Process Theory to develop interventions aiming to enhance adherence to antibiotics were identified...
April 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Yu Ren, Feng Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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