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Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP

Apoorva Reddy, Ephrem Abebe, A Joy Rivera, Jamie A Stone, Michelle A Chui
BACKGROUND: Interruptions constitute a key part of the communication strategy for healthcare providers, including community pharmacy personnel. Previous research in other healthcare environments has shown that interruptions are very common and may present as patient safety hazards. One 1999 study, conducted in community pharmacy settings, found that interruptions were prevalent and associated with dispensing errors. In the last 20 years, pharmacies have expanded patient services and implemented new technology...
November 3, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Wendy Sunter, Nadia Ahmed, Alice Royle-Pryor, Amina Brkic, Ramisha Ahmed, Saima Afzal, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
BACKGROUND: Warfarin-related knowledge and patient satisfaction with warfarin monitoring services are generally high with respect to anticoagulation-related care received. Providing a cost-effective warfarin monitoring service while improving warfarin-related knowledge, patient safety and satisfaction can be challenging. OBJECTIVES: To compare 'post and dose' service offered by the Calderdale Royal Hospital (CRH) and 'face-to-face' service offered by Huddersfield Royal Infirmary (HRI) in terms of costs of service delivery, patient satisfaction, warfarin-related knowledge and safety indicators...
October 30, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jon Agley, Beth Meyerson, Lori Eldridge, Carriann Smith, Prachi Arora, Chanel Richardson, Tara Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Suzanne Nielsen, Michala Kowalski, Pene Wood, Sarah Larney, Raimondo Bruno, Marian Shanahan, Simon Lenton, Paul Dietze, Traci Green, Bridin Murnion, Alison Ritter
BACKGROUND: Increases in opioid use and related harms such as mortality are occurring in many high income countries. Community pharmacists are often in contact with patients at risk of opioid-related harm and represent an ideal point for intervention. Best practice in monitoring opioid-related outcomes involves assessing analgesia, pain functioning, mood, risks and harms associated with opioid use. Community pharmacists are well-placed to undertake these tasks. OBJECTIVES: Our pilot study will test the implementation of a computer-facilitated screening and brief intervention (SBI)...
October 22, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Dalia M Dawoud, Maria Smyth, Joanna Ashe, Thomas Strong, David Wonderling, Jennifer Hill, Mihir Varia, Philip Dyer, Julian Bion
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists play important role in ensuring timely care delivery at the ward level. The optimal level of pharmacist input, however, is not clearly defined. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence that assessed the outcomes of ward pharmacist input for people admitted with acute or emergent illness. METHODS: The protocol and search strategies were developed with input from clinicians. Medline, EMBASE, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, The Cochrane Library, NHS Economic Evaluations, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economic Evaluations databases were searched...
October 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Patience Moyo, Xinhua Zhao, Carolyn T Thorpe, Joshua M Thorpe, Florentina E Sileanu, John P Cashy, Jennifer A Hale, Maria K Mor, Thomas R Radomski, Julie M Donohue, Leslie R M Hausmann, Joseph T Hanlon, Chester B Good, Michael J Fine, Walid F Gellad
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed prescription opioid supply preceding death in individuals dying from unintentional prescription opioid overdoses, or described the characteristics of these individuals, particularly among Veterans. OBJECTIVES: To describe the history of prescription opioid supply preceding prescription opioid overdose death among Veterans. METHODS: In a national cohort of Veterans who filled ≥1 opioid prescriptions from the Veterans Health Administration (VA) or Medicare Part D during 2008-2013, we identified deaths from unintentional or undetermined-intent prescription opioid overdoses in 2012-2013...
October 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Alex J Adams
BACKGROUND: The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) recently established a task force to help states develop regulations based on "standards of care" rather than "prescriptive rule-based regulation." The NABP resolution signals a paradigm shift as the pharmacy profession has historically been governed by prescriptive rules at both the federal and state levels. OBJECTIVE: To identify opportunities to make the transition to a "standard of care" regulatory model in pharmacy law as NABP has advanced, this manuscript attempts to quantify the regulatory burden for the medical, nursing, and pharmacy professions in the state of Idaho to facilitate a comparison...
October 16, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kevin A Look, Jamie A Stone
BACKGROUND: Managing medications is an important part of the rural informal caregiver's role in the community setting, and the context within which care is provided plays an important role in shaping the work they perform. However, little is known about the intra- and interpersonal factors that impact the rural caregiver's involvement in and performance of medication management. OBJECTIVES: To identify contextual factors influencing medication management by rural informal caregivers of older adults...
October 15, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Alexandra Prach, Annaliese Clancy, Micaela LeBlanc, Brydie B Thomasian, Michelle Kelley, Erin Hogan, Jayne Pawasauskas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Deema Jaber, Salah Aburuz, Eman A Hammad, Huda El-Refae, Iman A Basheti
BACKGROUND: Since patients are essential partners in determining priorities and resource allocation in the healthcare system, considerable efforts have been made to shift the focus of pharmacy profession from drug dispensing to patient-oriented care. Accordingly, the assessment of patient-oriented care has become a prominent method to evaluate the quality of the healthcare services delivered and willingness to pay (WTP) to receive them. OBJECTIVE(S): To determine patients' attitude towards pharmaceutical care services among general population in Jordan and their WTP for this service...
October 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Vassiliki Sinopoulou, Morris Gordon, Paul Rutter
BACKGROUND: Increases in patients seeking advice at pharmacies has led to pharmacy staff engaging in diagnostic behaviours. Approaches to diagnosis include using mnemonics and clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review was to assess the degree to which the criteria researchers use to evaluate diagnostic performance in pharmacy consultations, in studies that have simulated patients or vignettes, conform with a clinical reasoning and a mnemonic framework...
October 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
R J Fredericksen, F M Yang, L E Gibbons, T C Edwards, S Brown, E Fitzsimmons, K Alperovitz-Bichell, M Godfrey, A Wang, A Church, C Gutierrez, E Paez, L Dant, S Loo, M Walcott, M J Mugavero, K H Mayer, W C Mathews, D L Patrick, P K Crane, H M Crane
BACKGROUND: Providers are often unaware of poor adherence to prescribed medications for their patients with chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To develop brief, computer-administered patient-reported measures in English and Spanish assessing adherence behaviors and barriers. Design, Participants, and Main Measures: Item pools were constructed from existing measures of medication adherence behaviors and barriers, which informed development of a patient concept elicitation interview guide to identify medication adherence behavior and barrier-related concepts...
October 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Sabina Sharma, Tara Khanal, Sunil Shrestha, Baburam Adhikari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ramsankar Basak, John P Bentley, David J McCaffrey, Donna West-Strum, Sarahmona M Przybyla, Benjamin F Banahan
BACKGROUND: Adherence to multiple medications (i.e., separate dosage forms) intended for a disease can be measured by different single estimators, termed as composite estimators of intra-disease multiple medication adherence: 80% days covered (a) by at least one medication ("at least one"); (b) by both medications ("both"); (c) by each medication measured separately ("all"); and (d) computing an average of the individual medication adherence estimates ("average")...
October 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Shane P Desselle, Patricia A Shane
BACKGROUND: Academic pharmacy programs continue to diversify in student population. While the challenges of non-native language speakers have been opined, there is scant research on their performance in comparison with native language speakers nor is there much information on differences in the processes used in academic preparation, such as on note-taking. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: (1) identify differences in test performance between native English speakers and students for whom English is a foreign language (EFL) in a health systems PharmD course, and (2) examine differences between these two groups in note-taking attitudes and behaviors...
October 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kathryn Steckowych, Marie Smith
BACKGROUND: A workflow process mapping approach was previously developed to understand the impact of primary care medication use processes on medication safety. The workflow process mapping approach was applied to a pilot project in one primary care practice. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to: (1) exemplify how workflow process mapping was implemented in one primary care practice to characterize medication safety issues (i.e., critical workflow gaps/deviations), (2) discuss the identified critical medication safety workflow gaps and deviations, and (3) summarize the pragmatic, practice-level recommendations developed to enhance practice-level medication safety...
September 28, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kea Turner, Morris Weinberger, Chelsea Renfro, Stefanie Ferreri, Troy Trygstad, Justin Trogdon, Christopher M Shea
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists on how to integrate community pharmacists into team-based care models, as the inclusion of community pharmacy services into alternative payment models is relatively new. To be successful in team-based care models, community pharmacies need to successfully build relationship with diverse stakeholders including providers, care managers, and patients. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to: (1) identify the role of network ties to support implementation of a community pharmacy enhanced services network, (2) describe how these network ties are formed and maintained, and (3) compare the role of network ties among high- and low-performing community pharmacies participating in an enhanced services network...
September 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Maithili Deshpande, Whitney E Zahnd, Lindsay Bandy, Jessica Lorenson, Amber Fifer
BACKGROUND: Spatial analytic techniques can uncover important differences in asthma treatment and identify geographic areas with poor asthma management. OBJECTIVE: To review geographical differences in asthma treatment in an adult asthmatic population. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional chart review study (n = 519) using Geographic Information System approaches to determine the impact of spatial access to pharmacies and other factors on inappropriate rescue and inadequate controller medication use...
September 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Beverly Everitt, H Courtenay Harrison, Carla Nikkel, Emily Laswell, Aleda M H Chen
OBJECTIVE: Insulin is one of the most efficacious treatments for hyperglycemia; however, adherence to insulin therapy is poor, impacting its efficacy. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine if persistent use of a new insulin delivery option, V-Go, improved clinical outcomes and secondly compare clinical and economic outcomes between persistent use of V-Go and conventional insulin delivery (CID). METHODS: A retrospective review of an outpatient clinic's records was performed...
September 26, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Corey A Lester, John M Kessler, Tara Modisett, Michelle A Chui
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are estimated to cost $42 billion in annual global treatment costs. Pharmacy-based Patient Safety Organizations (PSO) are tasked with collecting and analyzing incidents, near misses, and unsafe condition reports as one way of engaging pharmacies in quality improvement efforts. Collectively, these reports are referred to as quality related events (QREs). Large-scale analysis of typed narratives from QRE reports across organizations has been a missing component of quality improvement programs...
September 26, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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